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  • 1.
    Andersson, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hanberger, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Governance, Accountability, and Organizational Development: Eldercare Unit Managers' and Local Politicians' Experiences of and Responses to State Supervision of Swedish Eldercare2018In: Journal of Aging & Social Policy, ISSN 0895-9420, E-ISSN 1545-0821, Vol. 30, no 5, p. 419-439Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores how local politicians and care unit managers in Swedish eldercare experience and respond to state supervision. Twelve politicians and 12 managers in 15 previously inspected municipalities were interviewed about their experiences of and reactions to state supervision (SSV) in relation to their views of care quality and routines in eldercare practice. The findings indicate that local managers and political chairs perceived SSV in eldercare positively at a superficial level, but were critical of and disappointed with specific aspects of it: in terms of a) governance—chairs and managers said SSV strengthened implementation of national policies via local actors, but were critical of SSV’s narrow focus on control and flaws in eldercare practice; b) accountability—SSV was seen as limited to accountability for finances and systemic performance; and c) organizational development—SSV was seen as limited to improving routines and compliance with legislation, while local definitions of quality are broader than that. In general, local actors regarded SSV as improving administrative aspects and routines in practice but ignoring the relational content of eldercare quality.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hanberger, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Statlig tillsyn2019In: Perspektiv på granskning inom offentlig sektor: med äldreomsorgen som exempel / [ed] Anders Hanberger & Lena Lindgren, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2019, p. 55-70Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Blom, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Morén, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Inledning: Utvärdering i socialt arbete2011In: Utvärdering i socialt arbete: Utgångspunkter, modeller och användning / [ed] Björn Blom, Stefan Morén, Lennart Nygren, Stockholm: Natur & Kultur , 2011, 1, p. 17-33Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Blom, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Morén, StefanUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.Nygren, LennartUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kunskap i socialt arbete: Om villkor, processer och användning2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Blom, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Morén, StefanUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.Nygren, LennartUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kunskap i socialt arbete: om villkor, processer och användning2006Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Blom, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Morén, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Olikheter och beröringspunkter2013In: Kunskap i socialt arbete: Om villkor, processer och användning (2:a omarb. utgåvan) / [ed] Björn Blom, Stefan Morén & Lennart Nygren, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2013, 2, p. 176-179Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Blom, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Morén, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Perspektiv och utvecklingslinjer2013In: Kunskap i socialt arbete: Om villkor, processer och användning (2:a omarb. utgåvan) / [ed] Björn Blom, Stefan Morén & Lennart Nygren), Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2013, 2, p. 79-82Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Blom, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Morén, StefanUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.Nygren, LennartUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Utvärdering i socialt arbete: Utgångspunkter, modeller och användning2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    För att kunna utföra ett socialt arbete som ger resultat för de som berörs, behövs en ständig granskning av de metoder och tillvägagångssätt som används. Men vad innebär det att utvärdera socialarbetares enskilda insatser, liksom hela verksamhetsfält?

    I den här boken diskuterar författarna utmaningar och möjligheter när man planerar och genomför olika typer av utvärderingar inom socialt arbete. Aktuella modeller och begrepp granskas kritiskt, och läsaren får bland annat kunskaper om kvalitet och evidensbasering kopplat till utvärdering. Dessutom diskuteras utvärdering inom bl.a. äldreomsorg, individ- och familjeomsorg samt i anslutning till etnicitet, kön och funktionshinder.

  • 9.
    Blom, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Analysing written narratives: considerations on the ‘code-totality problems’2010In: Nordic Journal of Social Research, ISSN 1892-2783, E-ISSN 1892-2783, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article describes and discusses a number of fundamental aspects of analysing short written narratives. Of particular interest are the code-totality problems that arise during the transformation of several individual stories into a collective narrative. This article starts with a brief introduction to our previous narrative research on Swedish social-work students, which is followed by a description of textual interpretation according to Paul Ricoeur’s theory of interpretation, and a discussion and elaboration on the different concepts of meaning within his theory. The core of this article is an account of four models for analysing narrative data from several informants. This is followed by a concrete example of the implications that follow from the implementation of these models. We conclude that the degree of heterogeneity in the narrative material affects the choice of the mode of textual analysis and the code compilation.

  • 10.
    Blom, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Analysis of written narratives: how to handle the ”code-totality problems”2008In: ”Den berättande människan", 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Blom, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Korta narrativer2008In: Att forska i socialt arbete: utmaningar, förhållningssätt och metoder, Studentlitteratur, Lund , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Blom, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Review of the book: Toward evidence-based practice: variations on a theme2011In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 142-145Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Blom, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Socionomstudenters kunskapsanvändning i kritiska situationer under studiepraktiken2013In: Kunskap i socialt arbete: Om villkor, processer och användning (2:a omarb. utgåvan) / [ed] Björn Blom, Stefan Morén & Lennart Nygren, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2013, 2, p. 193-207Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Blom, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Socionomstudenters kunskapsanvändning under studiepraktiken: orsaker, strategier och effekter2006In: Kunskap i socialt arbete: Om villkor, processer och användning, Natur & Kultur, Stockholm , 2006, p. 199-214Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Blom, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Nyman, Carina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Scheid, Carina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Social Work Students´ Use of Knowledge in Direct Practice: Reasons, Strategies and Effects2007In: Social Work & Society. The International Online-Only Journal, ISSN 1613-8953, Vol. 5, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Coe, Anna-Britt
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Wiklund, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Uttjek, Margaretha
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Youth politics as multiple processes: how teenagers construct political action in Sweden2016In: Journal of Youth Studies, ISSN 1367-6261, E-ISSN 1469-9680, Vol. 19, no 10, p. 1321-1337Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Alternative approaches to power in youth politics are needed to overcome the conceptual dichotomy between youth political action that is either linked to – or delinked from – state institutions. This paper offers an alternative drawn from a study that sought to empirically explore, and build theory upon, how teenagers construct their political action. Our qualitative study among 10 activists aged between 17 and 19 in a medium-size city in Northern Sweden found that youth constructed their political action as four different processes: moving from consciousness to action, moving from personal experience to shared goals, moving from social activities to political activities, and moving from single to multiple arenas. We integrated these processes in the concept Youth Politics as Multiple Processes. Youth efforts to bring about these processes were not always fruitful because, as their political action gained complexity, youth faced greater constraints for recognizing, addressing and challenging power from age-based exclusion, state-centered definitions of politics, and adult disinterest in youth demands. According to our findings, youth constructed political action based in an approach to power that was not state-centered. We linked our findings to youth politics research and social movement theory that similarly proposed alternative approaches to power.

  • 17.
    Du, Yaqiong
    et al.
    Department of Humanities and Law, Northeastern University, Shenyang, China.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Interventions of Chinese nonprofit charitable organizations in the rescue of children in difficulty2018In: Social Sciences, ISSN 2076-0760, E-ISSN 2076-0760, Vol. 7, no 97, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In June 2016, China promulgated the “Opinions of the State Council on Strengthening the Work of Rescuing Children in Difficulty”, which broadened the coverage of child welfare in China. The document clearly encourages and supports the participation of nonprofit charitable organizations in improving and complementing the public support system for children living in difficulty. This paper reports an assessment study of the relief program for children with congenital heart disease, which was launched by the Red Cross in L Province. Semi-structured face-to-face interviews with six Red Cross employees and 10 parents of stricken families, and telephone interviews with 66 recipient families, were carried out. Additionally, a review of a large number of background documents was analyzed to assess interventions by social organizations in the rescue of children in difficulty. The project was shown to reduce poverty and improve medical treatment for children with congenital heart disease. The role of nonprofit charitable organizations in relation to the child protection system can be characterized as “leak-filling”.

  • 18. Edholm, Håkan
    et al.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Socialbidragstagandet i Umeå - ofärd i välfärden2004In: Kris eller utveckling?: Studier av den sociala välfärden i Umeå kommun under 1990-talet, Inst för socialt arbete, Umeå universitet och Umeå socialtjänst, UFFE , 2004, p. 94-109Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Forsberg, Birgitta
    et al.
    Department of Social Work, Mid Sweden University, Östersund.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Fahlgren, Siv
    Department of Social Work, Mid Sweden University, Östersund.
    Self-Help Groups for women with pain: a research review with a gender perspective2005In: International journal of self help & self care, ISSN 1091-2851, E-ISSN 1541-4450, Vol. 3, no 1-2, p. 133-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is the aim of this review to provide a survey of research on Self-HelpGroups (SHGs) in health care with a special focus on SHGs for women with chronic muscular pain. The aim is not only to describe this field of research, but also to consider how this research relates to gender research as such. A variety of themes are examined: history, external factors that influence SHGs, internal aspects of SHGs, and gender research on SHGs. It was found that the gender perspective was relatively neglected. Our suggestion for further research notes that group members can produce new ways to manage their lives with the help of the interaction/exchange in the SHGs, regarding gender construction, knowledge, legitimacy and adaptation or transformation, and the position of activities in SHGs among societal norms and attitudes.

  • 20.
    Forsberg, Birgitta
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Genusforskarskolan, Umeå universitet och Mittuniversitetet, Östersund.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Fahlgren, Siv
    Forum för genusvetenskap, Mittuniversitetet, Östersund.
    Självhjälpsgrupper för personer med smärta: En nationell kartläggning2009In: Socionomen, Forskningssupplement, ISSN 0283-1929, no 3, Forskningssupplement 25, p. 66-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln redovisar en kartläggning av självhjälpsgrupper i Sverige för personer med smärta. Kartläggningen visar att när självhjälpsgrupperna organiseras inom frivilliga organisationer och/eller studieförbund finns en högre andel självstyrda grupper och grupper med cirkelledare, de uppges oftare bestå av enbart kvinnor samt att gruppernas namn anger mer tydligt att de inriktar sig på smärta än när verksamheten organiseras offentligt. Det mest slående resultatet är att självhjälpsgrupper framför allt samlar kvinnor som deltagare, ovasett huvudman.

  • 21.
    Forsgärde, Marianne
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Westman, Berith
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ethical discussion groups as an intervention to improve the climate in interprofessional work with the elder-ly and disabled2000In: Journal of Interprofessional Care, ISSN 1356-1820, E-ISSN 1469-9567, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 351-361Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to social policy reforms in Sweden, professionals with a social and a medical education work together. Reported conflicts within municipal elderly and disabled care, related to professional training, sometimes result in a deteriorated work climate. As an attempt to improve the work climate in interprofessional groups, an intervention study was set up in four 'experimental dwellings' where staff participated in systematic ethical group discussions. Four similar dwellings were used as reference. Work climate was studied before and after the intervention using a questionnaire measuring sense of coherence, job satisfaction, and burnout among the staff. High scores at baseline with no significant differences after the intervention. That staff had high coping capacity, were satisfied and did not experience burnout. The small observed changes after intervention indicate that the intervention did not lead to the expected improvement of work climate, but might also result from the chosen scales inability to measure complex social processes. The importance of interprofessional discussions about everyday skills and values is stressed.

  • 22.
    Fylkesnes, Marte K
    et al.
    Hemilcentret, universitetet i Bergen.
    Iversen, Anette C
    Hemilcentret, universitetet i Bergen.
    Bjørknes, Ragnhild
    Hemilcentret, universitetet i Bergen.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Frykten for barnevernet: En undersøkelse av etniske minoritetsforeldres oppfatninger2015In: Norges Barnevern, ISSN 0800-1014, E-ISSN 1891-1838, Vol. 92, no 2, p. 80-96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As part of a larger research project, we interviewed ten parents with refugee backgrounds about their experiences of contact with child welfare services in Norway. Despite parents describing both positive and negative experiences, and trust as well as distrust, we found that fear of the child welfare services was a central theme. Thematic analyses showed that fear of the child welfare services was not primarily related to the interviewees' own negative experiences, but to a variety of perceptions or representations of the child welfare services that informants described as common or prevalent among people from ethnic minorities in general. We found that the representations of the child welfare services could be categorized into the following themes: 1) child welfare services primarily take children away from parents, 2) child welfare services do not go into dialogue with parents, and 3) child welfare services discriminate against ethnic minority families. The analysis is discussed critically in light of Axel Honneth and Nancy Fraser's understandings of recognition and social justice. We suggest that the parents’ fear of the child welfare services can be understood as fear of experiencing humiliation and disrespect through contact with child welfare services; fear of losing their children, becoming invisible and being discriminated against. A key implication of the study is the need for further research that examines the fear of child welfare among people from ethnic minorities, as well as measures that address distrust of services in parts of the population.

  • 23.
    Fylkesnes, Marte Knag
    et al.
    Universitetet i Bergen.
    Iversen, Anette Christine
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Negotiating deficiency: exploring ethnic minority parents' narratives about encountering child welfare services in Norway2018In: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 196-203Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Evaluating the participatory opportunities for service users within social welfare institutions is a pressing issue. In this article, we explore a group of ethnic minority parents' experiences with child welfare services (CWS) in Norway. A strong narrative theme was deficiency positioning—how lacking a Norwegian normative set of knowledge and skills challenged the parents' opportunities to participate. We analysed how deficiency positioning was perceived, negotiated, and contested in the parents' accounts, and 4 themes emerged: (a) learning to parent, (b) contesting expert knowledge, (c) learning to be a client, and (d) constructing CWS deficiency. Nancy Fraser's concept of “participatory parity” was applied to explore how current institutional structures may enable and limit parents' participation. The analysis provides insight into agencies and informants' sense-making processes as well as the diverse resources and strategies that parents draw upon in the CWS encounter. Furthermore, we argue that an interplay between a strong focus on “parenting skills” and bureaucratic and economic structures positions ethnic minority parents as deficient, thus providing powerful mechanisms for marginalization. Implications for case work and institutional levels are discussed.

  • 24.
    Gümüscü, Ahmet
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Khoo, Evelyn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Family as Raw Material – the Deconstructed Family in the Swedish Social Services2014In: Journal of Comparative Social Work, ISSN 0809-9936, E-ISSN 0809-9936, no 2, p. 1-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on how families are defined and conceptualized by social workers in the Swedish social services. Using a qualitative study design, we carried out telephone interviews with 60 social workers in five major sectors of the social services in two smaller and two larger municipalities. These sectors included elderly care, disability, child welfare, addiction and economic support, with a qualitative content analysis approach used to analyze the data.The results showed that the practices in social service organizations are both individualized and specialized. Social workers primarily focus on the individual as the client when deciding upon interventions, and when asked about how they regard, define and delimit the family in their work, our analysis revealed that different mediating mechanisms were engaged in what can be seen as a deconstruction of the family. These mechanisms included legislation (as a control mechanism), household composition (boundary mechanism) and service needs (professional mechanism), which were used in various ways and to differing degrees within each sector. The resultant five unique and sector-specific conceptualizations of families are implicated in how interventions are constructed and work processes targeted at individuals and families.

  • 25.
    Gümüscü, Ahmet
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Khoo, Evelyn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Bringing the Family Back in: On Role Assignment and Clientification in the Swedish Social Services2015In: Social Sciences, ISSN 2076-0760, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 117-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, municipal social services provide help and support for vulnerable people with a variety of needs. Although the family has long been understood to be a focus of social work interventions, it is unclear how it is brought into the casework process in the highly individualised and specialised municipal social services. Therefore, in this study we investigated processes of client-making and role assignment in five service sectors: social assistance, child welfare, substance abuse, disability, and elderly care. We carried out focus group interviews with social workers in each of these sectors in a mid-sized community in central Sweden. Findings showed that clienthood and the family are interpreted in different ways. The family is brought into or kept out of service provisions in ways that are connected to social workers’ construction of the family either as expert, client or non-client. However, the role of the family may also change during the casework process. Findings are examined in relation to theories of the welfare state and implications for family-focused practice are discussed.

  • 26.
    Gümüscü, Ahmet
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Khoo, Evelyn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Social work and the management of complexity in Swedish child welfare services2018In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper elucidates how Swedish child welfare social workers manage complexity co-occuring in the families with which they work and the organisational contexts of practice. Focus groups were held with social workers in three municipalities in Sweden who described work processes generally and in response to a fictitious vignette. The vignette was constructed as a complex family situation to explore how social workers approach complexity when faced with a family with complex needs. Findings showed that social workers are challenged in their everyday work where they are aware of the many needs in a family. They focus on immediate conditions for children while recognising that some problems are less amenable to being solved. However they try to manage complexities related to families as well as the structural conditions of work by sorting, prioritising and oscillating between a child focus and a family service orientation. This paper serves as a necessary reminder of the complexity of social work in the broader area of child welfare and raises further questions about the use of comparative typologies to explain social work practices.

  • 27.
    Hanberger, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Khakee, Abdul
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Segerholm, Christina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    De kommungranskande aktörernas betydelse: slutrapport från ett forskningsprojekt2005Report (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Hanberger, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Khakee, Abdul
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Segerholm, Christina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Kommungranskning: - utgångspunkter för ett forskningsprojekt2004Report (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Hanberger, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Lindgren, Lena
    Förvaltningshögskolan, Göteborgs universitet.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Auditing and accountability2017In: Social and caring professions in European welfare states: policies, services and professional practices / [ed] Björn Blom, Lars Evertsson and Marek Perlinski, Bristol: Policy Press, 2017, p. 83-97Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter consists of two parts. First, two accountability dilemmas are identified, key concepts are defined, and a framework for exploring the interplay among democratic governance, audit systems, and accountability is presented. Second, two different but dominant audit systems used in Swedish eldercare are described and analysed in light of this framework, and consequences of auditing and accountability for key actors involved are discussed, as well as possible ways of resolving the two accountability dilemmas. In relation to the volume, this chapter explores conditions, trends, and challenges in today's audit society and their implications for welfare professions and other key actors. Swedish eldercare is an illustrative case of a phenomenon occurring in most policy sectors.

  • 30.
    Hanberger, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Lindgren, Lena
    Förvaltningshögskolan, Göteborgs universitet.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hur kan granskning av äldreomsorg studeras?2019In: Perspektiv på granskning inom  offentlig sektor: med äldreomsorgen som exempel / [ed] Anders Hanberger och Lena Lindgren, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2019, 1, p. 39-54Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Hanberger, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Can state supervision improve eldercare? An analysis of the assumptions of the Swedish supervision model2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Can state supervision improve eldercare? An analysis of the assumptions of the Swedish supervision model

    Background: Lately the supervision of Swedish eldercare has been reinforced to ensure better compliance with laws and regulations. Policy-makers express high expectation that this reform will improve quality in eldercare, and ensure older citizens a good and equal distribution of eldercare.

    Purpose: The aim of this paper is to unfold the underlying assumptions of how the supervision model (inspectorate) is intended to work to ensure and improve quality in Swedish eldercare, and to probe the validity of the assumptions.

    Method: A program theory analysis is carried out to describe how state supervision is assumed to work to achieve intended effects. These assumptions are referred to as the supervision’s program theory. A policy scientific method is applied to reconstruct the program theory. Once the program theory is described its consistence is analyzed and the validity is assessed against supervision theory and caring theory.

    Results: The assumption that the supervised will improve compliance with laws and regulations has some validity but confined to aspects of eldercare being supervised. The theories we used provide no support that supervision is an effective tool for improving quality in eldercare.

    Conclusions: Reinforced supervision cannot be justified with reference to supervision being an effective tool or mechanism to enhance quality in eldercare. However, some kind of supervision is necessary for transparency and holding local governments, and public and private service providers to account for compliance with the statues. Supervision also reinforce the national objectives and standards that should guide social service committees and eldercare service providers.

  • 32.
    Hanberger, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Can state supervision improve eldercare?: An analysis of the soundness of the Swedish supervision model2018In: British Journal of Social Work, ISSN 0045-3102, E-ISSN 1468-263X, Vol. 48, no 2, p. 371-389Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the assumptions regarding how Swedish state supervision (SSV) ofeldercare is to achieve its intended effects. It explores how SSV is intended to work toensure and improve eldercare quality, and theoretically and empirically assesses the validityof its guiding assumptions with programme theory methodology. The theoreticalassessment suggests that most intended effects are partly achieved, though the qualityenhancingassumption finds little support in caring research. The assumption that thesupervised parties will improve their compliance with laws and regulations has some validity,but this compliance is temporary and confined to the aspects of eldercare beingsupervised. Twenty-four interviews with the chairs of Social Welfare Committees andcare unit managers provide empirical support for all but two intended effects. SSV hasnot increased ‘awareness of national regulative demands in eldercare’ or contributed to‘general quality improvement in eldercare’. Four unintended effects of SSV were also recognisedin the interviews—for example, unsupervised caring activities were less prioritised.The authors conclude that, although SSV does little to improve eldercare quality, itis needed for transparency and accountability as well as to hold local governments andpublic and private service providers to account for compliance with national statutes.

  • 33.
    Hanberger, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University.
    Lindgren, Lena
    Förvaltningshögskolan, Göteborgs universitet.
    Tillsyn och öppna jämförelser: exemplet äldreomsorgen2015Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Äldreomsorg har genom olika former av utvärdering fått avsevärt ökad uppmärksamhet i media och politisk debatt. I denna session diskuteras vilka konsekvenser som två dominerande former av utvärdering – tillsyn och öppna jämförelser – har för äldreomsorgens styrning, ansvarsutkrävande och verksamhetsutveckling. Sessionen utgår från resultat från ett Forte-finansierat forskningsprojekt om användning av utvärdering i äldreomsorgen.

  • 34.
    Hedman, Åsa-Helena
    et al.
    Department of Social Work, Mid‐Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Fahlgren, Siv
    Department of Social Work, Mid‐Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Thai-Swedish couples in the Swedish daily press-discursive constitutions of 'The Other'2009In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 34-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines discursive representations of Thai-Swedish couples in the Swedish daily press. The sample studied includes 17 articles. The study shows that the couples are constituted as inherently “different” through interweaving discourses such as a romantic love discourse, a sex tourism discourse, and a normalizing discourse, and through intersecting power relations such as those of gender, “race”/ethnicity, class, and sexuality. The normalized position representing “Swedishness” is not usually made explicit but is nevertheless constantly reproduced, and hierarchies are formed within as well as between the “normal” couple and “the Other”

  • 35.
    Khoo, Evelyn G.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hyvönen, Ulf
    Umeå Social Services Research Unit, UFFE, Umeå.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Gatekeeping in Child Welfare: A Comparative Study of Intake Decisionmaking by Social Workers in Canada and Sweden2003In: Child welfare, ISSN 0009-4021, Vol. 82, no 5, p. 507-525Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article details findings from social workers in Sweden and Canada, illuminating similarities and differences in gatekeeping in child welfare and child protection. Analysis revealed different patterns of inclusion and exclusion. Swedish child welfare includes a greater readiness to intervene with more resources and measures. Gatekeeping is assessment driven and focused on family preservation. In Canada, only the most needy children are eligible for a limited range of services. Gatekeeping is structure driven and narrowly focused on protection. Analyses of evidence-based research to improve outcomes for children and families must include comparisons of how different structural orientations influence management of referrals at intake. The authors discuss the implications of these findings. 

  • 36.
    Khoo, Evelyn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Gümüscü, Ahmet
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lennart, Nygren
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    From needs to relationships to organisations: Transactional complexity in social work in the Swedish social servicesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Khoo, Evelyn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hyvönen, Ulf
    Umeå Socialtjänst, UFFE.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Child Welfare or Child Protection: Uncovering Swedish and Canadian orientations to social intervention in child maltreatment2002In: Qualitative Social Work, ISSN 1473-3250, E-ISSN 1741-3117, Vol. 1, no 4, p. 451-471Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article details our findings from focus groups with social workers in Sweden and Canada illuminating similarities and differences in the process of social intervention in child mal-treatment. We identified six categories that form the bases for hypothesizing different orientations of child welfare and child protection: Gate Keeping; Skills in Context; Client Identity; Decision Points; Compulsion; and Measures. We analysed participants’ descriptions and uncovered how these descriptions of social intervention in child maltreatment connect to model orientations in both countries. In Swedish child welfare, there is a greater readiness to intervene with more resources and measures, intervention is assessment driven and focuses on family preservation. In Canadian child protection, only the most needy children are eligible for a limited range of services, intervention is structure driven and more narrowly focused on protection and permanency planning. The implications of these findings to social work are discussed.

  • 38.
    Khoo, Evelyn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Hyvönen, Ulf
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Getting it Right: Implementeringen av Barns behov i centrum och Looking After Children i tre nationella och organisatoriska sammanhang2007In: Socionomens forskningssupplement: Facktidskriften för kvalificerat socialt arbete, ISSN 0283-1929, Vol. 7, no 22, p. 90-104Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Khoo, Evelyn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Hyvönen, Ulf
    Resilient society or resilient children?: A comparison of child welfare service orientations in Sweden and Ontario, Canada.2006In: Promoting resilience in child welfare, Univeristy of Ottawa Press, Ottawa , 2006, p. 72-93Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Lekkou, Spyridoula
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Åström, Torsten
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hägglöf, Bruno
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Greek youths´ attitudes to social problems, fears, coping and future plans2006In: Review of Clinical Pharmacology and Pharmacokinetics, ISSN 1011-6583, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 22-30Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Lekkou, Spyridoula
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Åström, Torsten
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hägglöf, Bruno
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Personal attitudes about problems and fears in Greek and Swedish adolescents2006In: Social Work Journal of the Hellenic Association of Social Workers, Vol. 21, no 83, p. 151-166Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Lindgren, Lena
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Från kyrkbacken till IVO: äldreomsorgens organisering och granskning i ett historiskt perspektiv2019In: Perspektiv på granskning inom offentlig sektor: med äldreomsorgen som exempel / [ed] Anders Hanberger & Lena Lindgren, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2019, p. 25-38Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Lindholm, Lars
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Löfgren, Curt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Meili, Kaspar
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Pulkki-Brännström, Anni-Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Sahlen, Klas-Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Nytt sätt att mäta livskvalitet öppnar för effektivare insatser2018In: Dagens samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511, no 31, p. 26-26Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 44.
    Lindqvist, Rafael
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Social teori och socialt arbete2006In: Socialt arbete: En grundbok, Natur & Kultur, Stockholm , 2006, p. 94-109Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Lindqvist, Rafael
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sociologi och socialt arbete2016In: Socialt arbete: en grundbok / [ed] Anna Meeuwisse, Hans Swärd, Sune Sunesson, Marcus Knutagård, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2016, 3, p. 180-197Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Moen, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Edin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Volatile and violent relationships among women sentenced for homicide in Sweden between 1986 and 20052016In: Victims & Offenders, ISSN 1556-4886, E-ISSN 1556-4991, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 373-391Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Data from Swedish court judgments of all 124 women convicted of homicide during 20 years was analyzed. The typical pattern was an abused woman who kills her intimate partner at home with a knife, often with alcohol involved. A subsample (n = 66) was analyzed qualitatively, with a focus on intimate partner relationships. The findings indicate that female homicides usually take place after a long progression of violence and reflect women’s subordinate gendered position. Situational triggers finally lead up to the killing event. Gender equality and the so-called woman-friendly welfare state in Sweden do not appear to reduce women’s volatility in violent relationships. 

  • 47.
    Nasseh Lotf Abadi, Mozhdeh
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ghazinour, Seyedmehdi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nojomi, Marzieh
    Richter, Jörg
    Birth weight, domestic violence, coping, social support and mental health of young Iranian mothers in Tehran2013In: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, ISSN 0022-3018, E-ISSN 1539-736X, Vol. 201, no 7, p. 602-608Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate associations of birth weight with sociodemographic variables, domestic violence, ways of coping, social support, and general mental health of Iranian mothers. Six hundred mothers aged 15 to 29 years participated between June 2009 and November 2010. t-Test, analysis of variance, Spearman's correlation, and multiple regression were used. The results showed that there was no significant association between birth weight and general mental health of the mothers. Prenatal care visits, the mothers' history of having children with low birth weight (LBW), and weight gain during pregnancy were significantly associated with birth weight. The women who reported physical abuse during pregnancy had infants with lower birth weight. Satisfaction with social support and use of positive reappraisal were significantly associated with higher birth weight. In conclusion, a high quality of prenatal care and screening of pregnant women are recommended. Social environments good enough during pregnancy have protective effects against LBW.

  • 48.
    Nygren, Karina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Bergström, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
    Janlert, Urban
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Adolescent self-reported health in relation to school factors: a multilevel analysis2014In: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, E-ISSN 1546-8364, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 114-122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine school-related determinants of self-reported health among adolescents. Questionnaire survey data comprising 4,972 students, Grades 7 through 9, from 20 schools in northern Sweden were used. Also, complimentary data about each school were collected from the Swedish National Agency for Education. Using multilevel logistic regression analyses, results showed that most variation in self-reported health was explained by individual-level differences. Truancy, bullying, and poor relations with teachers significantly increased the odds ratio of reporting poor general health, for boys and for girls. Most variables at the school level, for example, school size and student-teacher ratio, did not render significant associations with students' self-reported health. In conclusion, this study indicates that health promotion at school, including school health services, may benefit from focusing primarily on individual-level determinants of health, that is, students' relations to peers and teachers, without ignoring that bullying and weak student-teacher relationships also may induce school-level interventions.

  • 49.
    Nygren, Karina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Bergström, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
    Janlert, Urban
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Parents matter: but relations to parents do not explain gender differences in self-reported health in adolescents2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 643-653Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to explore whether parent-adolescent relations are associated to self-reported health of adolescents. Logistic regression analyses were performed on a cross-sectional data set consisting of 5060 adolescents, grades 7-9, from six municipalities in the northern part of Sweden. The study was approved by the Regional Ethical Review Board in Umeå, Sweden. Results showed that, in both boys and girls, experiencing low parental demands as well as perceiving the relationship quality and the communication with parents as poor were significantly associated with having poor general health, somatic complaints and feelings of stress. In general, girls scored lower on self-reported health than boys, but our findings indicate that these gender differences could not be explained by relations to parents. In conclusion, relations to parents play an important role for self-reported health of adolescents. Although no causal-effect statements can be determined in this study, it is implied that there is a need for health professionals, such as school nurses, school welfare officers, etc., to pay special attention to parent-adolescent relations in their work with adolescents.

  • 50.
    Nygren, Karina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Janlert, Urban
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Lennart, Nygren
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    What happens with local survey findings?: a study of how adolescent school surveys are disseminated and utilized in Swedish schools2013In: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170, Vol. 57, no 5, p. 526-543Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aimed at examining the barriers to and facilitators of disseminating and utilizing the results of a local Swedish school survey. Interviews with 21 school district managers/principals were performed. Results showed that dissemination and utilization of local survey data appeared as two interrelated processes. With those processes, various barriers and facilitators were mentioned. The barriers and facilitators were not merely the opposites of each other; instead they qualitatively differed from each other depending on what phase in the process the manager/principal referred to. The results also showed that the dissemination phase was both a prerequisite for and interwoven with the utilization phase, e.g. dissemination efforts were important for how the survey results were utilized.

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