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  • 1.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Samuelsson, Johannes
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Platsens (natur)resurser och ortshierarkins logik2015Ingår i: Provins, ISSN 0280-9974, Vol. 4, nr 34, s. 44-51Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 2.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    New figurations of labor in gendered global circuits: migrant workers in the forest berry industry in Norrland, Sweden2015Ingår i: Remapping gender, place and mobility: global confluences and local particularities in Nordic peripheries / [ed] Stine Thidemann Faber and Helene Pristed Nielsen, Farnham, Surrey, UK: Ashgate, 2015, s. 127-142Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary global processes of industrialisation in Asia and de-industrialisation in the rural periphery of Scandinavia produce connections and new figurations of labour that need to be studied in order to tell effective stories about our contemporary world. While urbanisation, industrialisation and labour struggles and organization are increasingly taking place in East Asia (Therborn 2013), some groups of workers engage in international labour migrations to the natural resource based economies of rural Northern Sweden. These industries depend heavily on, primarily, male migrant workers. The ‘coeval multiplicity’ and ‘radical contemporaneity’ (Massey 2005) of rural-urban changes in Asia and transformations in the peripheries of Scandinavia link in complex ways the lives of Asian migrant workers to the rural North of Sweden, through for instance, global production networks and supply chains, and social networks and recruitments by intermediaries. The purpose of this study is, by way of studying representations in media, examine globalist strategies within these rural areas as we argue these areas both function as contrasts, and make up important modernization projects for the global capital and globalist planning (Tsing, 2000). Furthermore, global processes make certain futures possible for different places and people and these processes are transforming relations of class, gender and race/ethnicity. Hence, by analysing the narratives of workers and different actors in natural resource based industries in northern Sweden, we examine the new figurations of labour and the ways in which international labour migrants are implicated in these new figurations; through their everyday practices of work, family life and political agency. 

  • 3.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    'Of Berries and Seasonal Work': The Swedish Berry Industry and the Disciplining of Labour Migration from Thailand2013Ingår i: Disciplining the Transnational Mobility of People / [ed] Geiger, Martin and Pecoud, Antoine, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, s. ?-Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 4.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    The production of the rural landscape and its labour: the development of supply chain capitalism in the Swedish berry industry2018Ingår i: Bulletin of Geography. Socio-Economic Series, ISSN 1732-4254, E-ISSN 2083-8298, Vol. 40, nr 40, s. 68-81Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Increased commercial interest in wild berries in Northern Sweden's resource periphery has connected places and people to a global berry supply chain that produces goods for world markets. As a part of a wider global food chain, every link in this chain is deeply insecure and partly marked by secrecy and mystification. Contemporary representations of the Norrlandic landscape tend to obscure and hide economic conflicts and power relations connected to resource exploitation and corporate concentration, neglecting workers and local communities. This paper examines how globalization, neoliberal policies and the development of supply chain capitalism drive changes in labour markets and migration policies, which in turn shape/and are shaped by both material and immaterial aspects of the Norrlandic landscape. While many studies of global food chains have focused on abstract patterns of chain governance, business economics and logistics, we analyse the wild berry industry by centring on migrant workers and the production of a distinct spatiality through interconnectedness and historical conjuncture, with a starting point in a particular place in the interior of Norrland. We thereby contribute to a different narrative of the Norrlandic landscape, making visible power and labour relations.

  • 5.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Lundgren, Anna Sofia
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    From blueberry cakes to labor strikes: Negotiating “legitimate labor” and “ethical food” in supply chains2019Ingår i: Geoforum, ISSN 0016-7185, E-ISSN 1872-9398, nr 105, s. 43-53Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish wild-berry industry has become increasingly dependent on migrant workers. As the world market's demand for health and food ingredients increased, Swedish forest berries are exported to China to become nutraceutical products, while most berries consumed in Sweden now are imported cultivated berries. These changing geographies of production and consumption have resulted in a system of supply chains, that reproduce and manage difference between groups of workers and thus, make it difficult to safeguard labor rights. Moreover, this new“global standard” has great impacts on the cultural and political meanings of food. The aim of this paper is to study new emerging practices within the industry and to shed light on the production of representations of certain types of workers and work, and how this relate to supply chain capitalism. From the starting point of narratives collected within the different nodes of the supply chain, the paper focuses on the production, distribution and consumption of berry products as means to address how meanings of work and berries are negotiated. A specific focus is put on the narrated events during and after a strike where migrant workers tried to fight for better wages and living conditions. The workers not only lost the battle, but they were also expelled from Sweden without being paid. The work of the pickers and their agency is disconnected from discourses of labor and from Swedish laws and regulations, and the injustice is further justified and obscured through the lens of memories and nostalgia among Swedish consumers of berries.

  • 6.
    Jensen, Tommy
    et al.
    Företagsekonomiska institutionen Stockholms universitet.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Globalisering2012Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 7.
    Keskitalo, E. Carina H.
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Southcott, Chris
    Tollefsen, Aina (Medarbetare/bidragsgivare)
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Crate, Susan (Medarbetare/bidragsgivare)
    Globalisation2015Ingår i: Arctic human development report: regional processes and global linkages / [ed] Joan Nymand Larsen and Gail Fondahl, Copenhagen: Nordic Council of Ministers , 2015, s. 401-425Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 8. Mulinari, Diana
    et al.
    Räthzel, Nora
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Everyday working lives in a transnational corporation in Mexico: the contradictory cooptation of trade unionists2011Ingår i: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 32, nr 3, s. 379-399Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to contribute to the rich literature on neoliberalization and trade unions in Mexico by providing an examination of the contradictory relationships between capital, trade unions and the workers they represent, in a Swedish-based transnational corporation. The article investigates how the broader international relationships of dependency and exploitation are lived by workers and trade unionists in the everyday of a transnational corporation in Mexico, where the power of the trade unions has been undermined by politics of neoliberalization and by the demise of the ruling party, with which the unions are allied. Its thesis is that trade unions are changing from being power brokers between governments, companies and workers to becoming mediators of subordination to the company. While they still retain some of their power (for instance their participation in hiring and firing), they are becoming unable to secure work security and workers’ rights. In the everyday working life of a factory this means that unionists are torn between their need and wish to protect workers´ rights and their jobs as union officials. In this context, they experience a need to subordinate themselves and the workers they are supposed to represent to the strategy of the management. They employ a number of strategies to legitimate their existence, none of which appears to be very convincing to the workers. While the union´s strategies undermine their ability and that of the workers to organize for their rights, it also produces a dissatisfaction among workers that counters the companys attempt to organize consent and motivation.

  • 9.
    Phommavong, Saithong
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Müller, Dieter K.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Tourism policy for poverty reduction2010Ingår i: International Journal of Culture and Tourism Research, ISSN 2005-6133, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 131-150Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines national tourism policies and two provincial tourism strategies of Lao PDR implemented during 1998 to 2010 and tourism strategies for 2020. It argues that poverty reduction has to be started from the policy framework which is intentionally targeting the poor. The discourse reproduces four dimensions of benefit included in tourism policies that can be trickled down to the poor including employment, linkage opportunities, knowledge base, and cultural assets as innovation for destination competitiveness. It can be concluded that those spaces for the poor are formulated under the assumptions of an ad hoc policy for the government as a plan for general social economic development rather than focusing on poverty reduction.

  • 10.
    Phouxay, Kabmanivanh
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Internal migration and socio-economic change in Laos.2010Ingår i: Migration Letters, ISSN 1741-8984 (Print) 1741-8992 (Online), Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 91-104Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyzes how the migration pattern in Laos is influenced by the regionally differentiated modernization process, socioeconomic change, international migration and resettlement, by using census data from 1995 and 2005. Though Laos has experienced a rather dramatic socio-economic change during this period the inter-district and inter-province migration rate has decreased. But the empirical analyses show an increasing rural-urban migration and indicate a strong impact on migration from socio-economic changes. But internal migration patterns are also influenced by international migration patterns and resettlement of rural populations. Although socio-economic changes are major determinants to migration, also regional policies and opportunities for international migration are key factors influencing migration in developing countries.

  • 11.
    Phouxay, Kabmanivanh
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen. National University of Laos (NUOL), Vientiane, Lao PDR.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Rural–urban migration, economic transition, and status of female industrial workers in Lao PDR2011Ingår i: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 17, nr 5, s. 421-434Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Economic and political changes in formerly socialist economies affect migration patterns and gender relations in complex ways. The consequences of transition from planned to market economies for men and women, respectively, are manifested both in gendered migration patterns and gendered urban labour markets, where young migrant women now constitute an important part of the ‘globalised’ industrial working class of Southeast Asian cities. This paper analyses female rural–urban migration to industrial work in Lao PDR, one of Southeast Asia’s smallest transition economies. Since the implementation of the New Economic Mechanism in Lao PDR in 1986, a process of feminisation of rural–urban migration has started and female employment in industries in Vientiane Capital increased. The paper highlights some of the consequences of economic transition for female rural–urban migrants, focusing on changing gender roles and women’s status as industrial workers, both inside and outside factory gates.

  • 12.
    Räthzel, Nora
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Mulinari, Diana
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Molina, Irene
    Mählck, Paula
    Unvollendete Transformationen: Widerstreitende Zugehörigkeiten, aufbrechende Geschlechterverhältnisse, Stadt-Land-Beziehungen : Arbeitsalltag in einem europäischen transnationalen Unternehmen in Mexiko2008Ingår i: Forum Kritische Psychologie, ISSN 0720-0447, nr 52, s. 29-51Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 13.
    Rönnlund, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad utbildningsvetenskap.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Rum: samhällsvetenskapliga perspektiv2016Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 14.
    Sandberg, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Talking about fear of violence in public space: Female and male narratives about threatening situations in Umeå, Sweden2010Ingår i: Social & cultural geography (Print), ISSN 1464-9365, E-ISSN 1470-1197, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 1-15Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Geographers may benefit from a narrative approach as it permits insights into both meanings and how stories are permitted and controlled by social conditions. The aim of this article is to discuss methodological aspects of studying fear as a restriction on mobility and use of public space. We have used examples from a study on fear of violence in the city of Umeå, Sweden at the time of threats from a serial rapist, the Haga Man. We employed Labov's model to analyse female and male narratives about fear. Women from all backgrounds reproduced a shared story of experiences of fear. Male stories were fragmented and diverse, especially in terms of ethnicity. The Haga Man was described in the media as a man of 'normal Swedish appearance', which put a focus on Swedish hegemonic masculinity and 'normality' rather than on commonly reproduced fear of the racialized other. Labov's model was useful in clarifying how narratives differed in their structural components and completeness, but limited in terms of how to interpret the evaluative component: the model needs to be combined with theory in order to understand relations to changing political, institutional and media discourses on crime and fear in public space.

  • 15.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Definitionens makt2006Ingår i: Bortom etnicitet: Festskrift till Alexandra Ålund, Umeå: Boréa , 2006, 1, s. 113-118Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 16.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Gästarbetare, illegala invandrare eller nya amerikaner?: Om arbetskraftsinvandring och integration i Kalifornien2004Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 17.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Konkreta rum och abstrakta platser: arbete, makt, företag i centrum och periferi2014Ingår i: Kritiska gemenskaper: att skriva feministisk och postkolonial vetenskap : en vänbok till Diana Mulinari / [ed] Kerstin Sandell, Maja Sager, Nora Räthzel, Lund: Lunds universitet , 2014, s. 95-101Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 18.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Produktionens ändrade organisering - fallet AB Volvo2013Ingår i: Bortom horisonten: fackets vägval i globaliseringens tid / [ed] Ingemar Lindberg och Anders Neergaard, Stockholm: Premiss Förlag , 2013Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 19.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Transnational citizens or circulating semi-proletarians?: A study of migration circulation between Sweden and Asia, Latin America and Africa between 1968 and 2002.2006Ingår i: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 12, nr 6, s. 517-527Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Theoretically significant research on transnational migrations has usually been based on in-depth qualitative studies with detailed case study data linked to specific contexts. The concept of transnationalism has been used to capture and theorise enduring and complex interchanges of people, things and ideas between places, regions and/or countries, that are separated by borders, and usually by large physical distances. Transnationalism has also been linked to accounts of intense forms of international migration under globalisation, often in contexts of unequal power relations. Rather few studies have tried to grasp the phenomenon in larger samples, examining its importance and characteristics over time in different migratory contexts. While sharing theoretical and epistemological understandings from the transnational research field, this paper explores the phenomenon by analysing a comprehensive set of quantitative data on long-distance frequent movers between Sweden and Asia, Latin America and Africa. By looking at the most mobile of all migrants in this South–North context, the paper explores the characteristics and scope of transnational migrations. The analyses show that transnational circulators, defined here as individuals who have migrated three times or more between Sweden and these regions, constitute a very small proportion of all South–North migrants over a 35-year period. They are more likely than other groups to be highly educated, male, low-income earners and Swedish citizens. These results contrast with other studies where transnational mobility of the highly skilled is often associated with successful career migration and high income groups. The conclusion of this paper is that, despite the high qualification level of circulators, long-distance circulation between Sweden and the global South is associated with negative income and labour market situations. The paper also questions the relevance of the concept of transnationalism itself in this specific context. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • 20.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Räthzel, Nora
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. the Universities of Surrey, UK; Vigo, Spain.
    Mulinari, Diana
    Lund, Sweden.
    Transnational Corporations from the Standpoint of Workers2014Bok (Refereegranskat)
  • 21.
    Tollefsen Altamirano, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Feminist theories and migration research: making sense in the data feast?1997Ingår i: Refuge, ISSN 0229-5113, E-ISSN 0229-5121, Vol. 16, nr 4, s. 4-8Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Conceptual and theoretical issues are increasingly highlighted in research on international migration. This article looks at some recent developments within feminist geography and questions whether feminis t theories can contribute to the understanding of international migration. Three main traditions are identified within feminist geography found in recent work on gender and migration. The conclusion is that migration research can benefitfrom feminist empiricism through detailed documentation and measurement of gendered migration streams, while the essentialism of anti-rationalist feminism could lead to over-generalizations in tmof male and female mobility. Post-rational feminist approaches to migration research could contribute to studies of subgroups of migrants (both women and men) and their relational position in diferent contexts.

  • 22.
    Tollefsen Altamirano, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Return migration on the policy agenda in Sweden1995Ingår i: Applied Geography, ISSN 0143-6228, E-ISSN 1873-7730, Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 267-278Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Explicit policies on return migration are of rather recent date in most European countries, including Sweden. During the last few years a number of new policy initiatives have been taken in this field. The purpose of this paper is to examine how official Swedish policies on return migration have changed during the last 20 years. The conclusion is that Sweden has moved from a ‘non-policy’ in the 1970s, much in opposition to ‘guestworker’ or rotation systems, towards an active and explicit policy promoting return in the mid-1990s. The major trends in the country's immigration, emigration and return flows are also presented.

  • 23.
    Tollefsen Altamirano, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Seasons of migrations to the North: a study of biographies and narrative identities in US-Mexican and Swedish-Chilean return movements2000Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine dynamics and consequences of geographical return movements in two North-South contexts based on migrants' biographies. The thesis examines the consequences of return migration in terms of social mobility, meanings of return and the shaping of identity-place relationships for the subjects of migration. Categories of return were identified and related to evolving migration processes in the two case studies of long term labour migration and political exile respectively. The concept of 'narrative identity' was used to analyse the shaping of the migration biographies and to examine the ways migrants made sense of their experiences of emigration/exile and return. In a further step the narrative identities were discussed in relation to examples of public narratives in the two contexts.

    The dissertation's case study of US-Mexican migration showed that geographical return took different shapes at the local level as the

    migration process evolved between the studied municipality in Mexico and different destinations in the USA. The initial phase of formative return led to the gradual establishment of a migration tradition and development of a remittance economy. Return movements turned in a later phase into an increasingly trapped migratory pattern of differentiated circulation between the municipality in Mexico and different locations in the USA. The 'narrative identities' of returning migrants were related to family situations (family formation, safety of the family, family commitment), perceptions of real life in Mexico and work identities (respected worker, independent businessman), negative experiences of migration (threat, social degradation, trapped migration), and the search and fulfilment of personal experiences. These narrative identities were contrasted with public narratives, showing the partial incorporation of some public narratives and contrasting senses of self of migrants in relation to 'imposed identities' in both the USA and Mexico.

    The second case study of the dissertation identified categories of return movements in a context of changing conditions in both Chile and Sweden. Examples of categories were 'conditional return' and 'programmed return' and in the phase of

    desexilio professional circulation, continued exile and everyday life circulation. The narrative identities of retornados were related to family situations (children's future and education, the extended family and the family vote), Sweden as 'parenthesis' (programmed return, duty to return, political return, personal return), work identities (independent businessman, professional circulation) and experiences of exclusion (foreigner, immigrant, prolonged political exile). The narrative identities of migrants were discussed in relation to larger public narratives about retornados in the Chilean media.

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