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  • 1.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Attacken mot hagamannen inte konsekvens av pöbelmentalitet2015Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 2.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Sociologi.
    Bedrägeriets natur: den ekonomiska brottslighetens ontologiska struktur2007Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Sociologi.
    Börsföretag, ekonomiska oegentligheter och negativ publicitet2005Ingår i: Fiffel-Sverige - sociologiska perspektiv på skandaler och fusk, Liber , 2005, s. 208-225Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 4.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Crime prevention in terms of criminal intent criteria in white-collar crime: a propositional analysis2018Ingår i: Journal of Financial Crime, ISSN 1359-0790, E-ISSN 1758-7239, Vol. 25, nr 3, s. 838-844Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    In the field of crime prevention there are several theoretical approaches explaining why crime occurs and how to prevent it. Three of them – routine activity theory, crime pattern theory and the theory of crime-as-choice – are logically tested in this work. The point of departure is to test if the theories are logical consistent and logical valid, irrespective of whether the criterion for criminal intent is changed from direct intention to negligence.

    Design/methodology/approach

    The issues will be explored in a logical structure by a first-order logic propositional analysis.

    Findings

    The analysis shows that all three theories are logical consistent, but only routine activity theory is logical valid. The conclusion is that crime prevention should in general assume that routine activity theory is the legitimate theory and that social prevention as a prevention strategy is logically unnecessary to adopt because it does not matter whether the offender is motivated (direct intention) or not (negligence).

    Practical implications

    It does not really matter if the authors theoretically treat white-collar offenders as motivated, because if they have committed an actus reus, they are an offender according to the objective requisites. This means that the best strategies to prevent a potential white-collar criminal are situational prevention, i.e. complicate their access to money, where it becomes irrelevant if the potential offender has a mens rea or not. What counts is the prevention of actus reus by a potential offender.

    Originality/value

    As far as I know, no one has previously investigated the logical consistency and/or logical validity of routine activity theory, crime pattern theory and the theory of crime-as-choice as theories of crime prevention.

  • 5.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Den tornedalska identiteten i Sverige – finns den?2017Ingår i: Tornionlaakson vuosikirja 2015-2017: Tornedalens årsbok 2015-2017 / [ed] Henry Barsk, Tapio Salo, Kyösti Satokangas, Haparanda: Tornionlaakson neuvosto , 2017, s. 12-45Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 6.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Economic Crime: Does Personality Matter2003Ingår i: International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology, ISSN 0306-624X, E-ISSN 1552-6933, ISSN 0306-624X, Vol. 47, nr 3, s. 335-355Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the publication of Edwin Sutherland's classical study, White Collar Crime, personality has been treated as completely irrelevant as a cause or as a correlating variable in studies of economic crime. This article questions that thesis. In an ongoing Swedish project studying economic crime in the areas of construction, engineering, and the music industry, 128 informants were interviewed regarding the personal character of the economic criminal compared to that of the law-abiding businessperson. Data were collected from five different regions in Sweden using the Big Five model, the personality model most often used within the field of personality research today. This article compares the results from the interviews with the few international studies that exist regarding economic crimes in these areas and common results are emphasized. It also presents nuanced analyses of the significance of personality in economic crime.

  • 7.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Fifflarens personlighet: en studie om personlighetsdragets betydelse vid ekonomisk brottslighet2002Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 8.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Finns där ett kön bakom ekonomisk brottslighet?1999Ingår i: Retfærd. Nordisk Juridisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0105-1121, ISSN 0105-1121, Vol. 22, nr 2, s. 53-62Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 9.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Integrated criminology and biological related criminology facing white collar crime2015Ingår i: Advances in Criminology Research / [ed] Guzman Julia, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2015, 1, s. 41-72Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last two decades the rise of integrated approaches and biosocial approaches has given criminology a fresh theoretical and empirical approach. However, a full scale integration of these two approaches has not come to a conclusion over the etiological question of what forms the criminal mind. The aim of this article is to give an argument whereby the agenda of white collar crime research can be developed by a synthesis of integrated and biosocial factors. The argument takes its standpoint in one of the recent theories on white collar crime research today, the crime-as-choice theory by Shover, Hochstetler & Alalehto (2012). The theory proposes an integrated model of factors working on different levels. For example, the linkage between lacks of credible oversight on aggregated level, the existence of a crime-facilitative culture on organizational level, and propensities towards aggressiveness, thrill-seeking, resilience, and entitlement on individual level. However, as a typical social scientific theory the crime-as-choice theory lacks a complete etiological argument behind its proposed proximate causality. I elaborate upon the etiological concepts from the fields of evolutionary theory, biosocial criminology and institutional theory to exemplify how the crime-as-choice theory can get an even more coherent structure between ultimate and proximate causes.

  • 10.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Ivar Kreuger: An International Swindler of Magnitude2014Ingår i: Radical Criminology, ISSN 1929-7904, nr 3, s. 47-70Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay discusses the case of Ivar Kreuger, the founder of Kreuger & Toll Inc. (a Swedish match conglomerate), known as the “Match King”. After his death in 1932, Kreuger was accused of falsifying accounts, forging documents and concealing a misappropriation of funds of a massive scale in the USA and Europe during the 1920s. The aim of this study is to explore the case of Ivar Kreuger and the business world of which he belonged, from a perspective of critical criminology, and mainly a left realist viewpoint. Using an integrative approach by combining data on an institutional, organizational and individual level, the essay will explore the case as a rather typical phenomenon within a capitalistic economy, despite its extreme outcome. It was the combination of a culture which bred monopolistic endeavors in business, together with an autocratic style of leadership and an ego which was intent on conquering, which lead to one of the worst known swindles in the history of white collar crime.

  • 11.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Kausalitet inom samhällsvetenskapen: en fallstudie av nazistiska partiframgångar i Tärendö kommun2018Ingår i: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 120, nr 1, s. 33-46Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet är att diskutera kausalitet inom samhällsvetenskapen. Mer specifikt, kausalitet som relationen mellan nödvändiga och tillräckliga villkor i syfte att härleda varför A, B, C…..n orsakar Z. Artikeln tar sin empiriska utgångspunkt i kommunalvalet i Tärendö 1934 där det nazistiska partiet erhöll hela 30,8 procent av väljarna gentemot de omkringliggande kommunerna där partiet erhöll mindre än 4 procent. Den analytiska utgångspunkten är nödvändiga och tillräckliga villkor bakom en historisk händelse, den så kallade INUS-modellen, härledd genom ett antal formallogiska regler (framför allt regeln om kontraposition). Resultatet är att i Tärendö fanns ett antal samhällsbärande personer (kronojägare, provinsialläkare, präst och några större bönder) som bar upp det nazistiska budskapets trovärdighet till skillnad mot omkringliggande samhällen. Samt att det inte fanns något etablerat socialdemokratiskt alternativ, förutom ett kommunistiskt parti, och försvagade borgerliga partialternativ i Tärendö som bildade ett värn mot nazismen till skillnad mot omkringliggande samhällen.

  • 12.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    När kom kapialismen till Tornedalen?2019Ingår i: ARKIV. Tidskrift för samhällsanalys, ISSN 2000-6225, E-ISSN 2000-6217, nr 10, s. 87-111Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tage Alalehto undersöker i denna artikel när kapitalismen kom till Tornedalen. Han utgår från lokalhistoriska källor om specifika byar i Tornedalen samt offentlig historisk statistik över hur avsättning, omsättning och vinst har utvecklats inom sektorerna jordbruk, skogsbruk och offentliga tjänster. Den bild som framträder är att en omfattande självhushållningsekonomi var dominerande långt in på 1900-talet. Ett mått av kapitalistisk produktion förekom inom skogsbruket mellan 1950- och 1980-talet, men som en följd av 1950-talets strukturomvandling, rationaliseringarna inom skogsbruket samt en frånvarande industristruktur i övrigt ersattes arbetsmarknaden till viss del av kommunala och statliga tjänster. I det stora hela blev dock Tornedalen en avfolkningsbygd. Arbetskraften sökte sig till andra regioner, så att Tornedalen kom att fungera som en geografisk arbetskraftsreserv.

  • 13.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Reglering som policyfråga: En diskussion om regleringens effekter vid ekonomisk brottslighet2012Ingår i: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 99, nr 3, s. 316-335Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 14.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Sociologi.
    Skattebrottets psykologi - ett evolutions- och spelteoretiskt scenario2007Ingår i: Skatteundandragande, penningtvätt och organiserad brottslighet, Stiftelsen för Ekonomisk-historisk och Företagshistorisk Forskning , 2007, s. 38-54Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 15.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Sociologi.
    Skolan i Båtskärsnäs och Karlsborg2004Ingår i: Organisering och disciplinering.: Den industriella miljön vid två sågverk i Norrbotten i början av 1900-talet, Books-on-Demand, Visby , 2004, s. 211-247Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 16.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Sociologi.
    Suspected Irregularities in Stock-Exchange-Listed Companies: What Are the Effects of Negative Publicity?2007Ingår i: Monatsschrift fur Kriminologie und Strafenrechtsreform, ISSN 0026-9301, Vol. 90, nr 2/3, s. 191-206Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 17.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Teknik och konflikt: LKAB 1946-19871992Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the connection between technological dependence of mankind and its attitudes towards it. The issue is to what extent technological change in the workplace is a generator of conflict or a creator of consensus?

    The subject of the study is the Swedish mining company LKAB during the period 1946-1987. The case study concentrates on the approaches to new technology by the local union leadership and the LKAB company management.

    The analysis is carried out through a classification scheme over job- functions, divided into four functional categories. The classification is ranging from manually inclined work on the end to highly automized work on the other pole. The results show a clear and unquestionable development of mechanization. At the next level of analysis the focus is on approaches and ways of relating mechanization by the two parties took on the question, and how this influenced the relationships between the two parties. The final results show that technological change in general is a creator of consensus. However, at the same time, techno­logical change is an unequeal process because the company commands control over three kinds of power resources; ownership, the legislative right of paragraph 32 and the monopoly of technological expertis. Organized labour can only try to attain technological knowledge and high levels of worker support.

  • 18.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    The Act of Economic Crime: The Logic of Dirty Business and Normative Restrictions in the Swedish Restaurant Industry2000Ingår i: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, ISSN 1404-3858, E-ISSN 1651-2340, ISSN 1404-3858, Vol. 1, nr 2, s. 156-177Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Why do respected businessmen get involved in economic crime? This is the classic question posed by researchers of economic crime. In this article both the economic and normative conditions on how it is to run a business are described, exemplified by data from the Swedish restaurant industry. The data were collected through semistructured interviews from 119 restaurateurs and 12 authority representatives. The data are interpreted with three hypotheses as guidelines: the hypothesis of 'differential association', the hypothesis of 'cross-pressure' and the hypothesis of 'the first generation of immigrants', which was formulated as a consequence of Merton's 'strain theory'.

  • 19.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    The logic of agency or the logic of structure in the concept of white collar crime: a review2018Ingår i: Crime, law and social change, ISSN 0925-4994, E-ISSN 1573-0751, Vol. 69, nr 3, s. 385-399Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 60s the white collar crime concept is divided in occupational crime versus corporate crime, exposing two different causal primacy: an agency logic and a structural logic. The logic of agency argues that corporate crime concept and the logic of structure is more or less useless for white collar crime research. The logic of structure argues that corporate crime has a validity in its own and describe a dimension of white collar criminality that the logic of agency doesn’t reach. The validity of this two positions is discussed by four crucial issues: The status of juristic persona, explanatory value, mens rea and suffering by punishment. It ends up in a Soritie paradox to which a three valued formal logic by the Stoicists Chrysippus is applied. The conclusion is that the logic of agency has the primacy, and the concept of occupational crime should be the prime concept for white collar crime.

  • 20.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    The Origin of White Collar Criminality?: Exploring a Gene x Environment Interaction Hypothesis2018Ingår i: International Journal of Criminology and Sociology, E-ISSN 1929-4409, E-ISSN EISSN 1929-4409, Vol. 7, s. 196-205Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim for this article is the elementary question: why does white collar criminals become white collar criminals? The answer is a hypothetical syllogistic constructed hypothesis for further empirical exploration in the agenda. The hypothesis takes its point of departure in biosocial criminology, especially the gene-environment interplay, focused on white collar criminality. The hypothesis proposes a link between criminal attitudes and criminal behavior based on how biological (e.g. intergenerational heredity, MAO-A), neurological (e.g. executive functioning, cortical thickness) and social-psychological/sociological factors (e.g. peer-group, rationalizations, social stress, loss of class status) correlates to each other as a system of mechanisms.

  • 21.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    The Psychology Behind Tax Crime: An Evolutionary And Game Theoretical Scenario2012Ingår i: Competitiveness: Psychology, Production Impact and Global Trends .Business Issues, Competition and Entrepreneurship / [ed] Alexander M. Beckford, Julianne P. Larsen, Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2012, s. 47-57Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article explores the relation between the willingness of corporate entrepreneurs to pay taxes and the impersonal demand of the tax authority upon corporate owners to fulfil the tax system. The relationship is discussed from a modern evolutionary and game theoretical standpoint including concepts as inclusive fitness, reciprocal altruism, prisoner’s dilemma, tit-for-tat, etc. The application of this theoretical model shows how entrepreneurs are willing to pay unselfish taxes if the taxes are distributed for community expenses such as schools, medical care, etc. and/or if they receive some direct tribute for their corporate activity, such as extra personnel provided by unemployment offices and paid for by the tax system. If entrepreneurs do not trust that the tax system will be used in either of these two forms, they are likely to feel that their resources are being confiscated. They can then logically - from evolutionary and game theoretical standpoints - evade taxes because they view themselves as cheated by an impersonal tax system.

  • 22.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    The rate of white collar crime: The hot spot of white collar crime in Sweden during the 2000 decade2012Ingår i: Crime rates, types and hot spots / [ed] Alexander D. Morina, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2012, s. 145-158Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 23.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    The wealthy white-collar criminals: corporations as offenders2010Ingår i: Journal of Financial Crime, ISSN 1359-0790, E-ISSN 1758-7239, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 308-320Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to map out the corporate criminality among the 70 top-ranked corporations in the Swedish business world. It aims to identify properties common for companies that get a decision by a regulatory agency and which kind of properties there are when the regulatory agency goes to a decision.

    Design/methodology/approach – Data on decisions taken against violation (criminal, civil, or administrative) collected from annual reports (1999-2008) presented on the internet by eight regulatory agencies in Sweden. The corporations collected by the internet site “largest companies” and the Swedish business magazine Affärsvärlden (World of Business). The analysis of data were worked out by cross tab, designed as analysis of covariation between one independent variable to one dependent variable, or two or more independent variables (were one or more of them were held invariant to each other) to one dependent variable.

    Findings – Approximately, 60 companies (85.7 per cent) had at least one decision against them during the period 1999-2008, and 28 companies had more than five decisions (court, administrative law, objection or settlement) against them, which means that 40 per cent of the whole sample performed a carrier criminality. Among the variables, low profitability, interior business, and to some degree, management control tend to covary with some or all kinds of decisions given by the regulatory agencies.

    Originality/value – The paper provides the field of white-collar crime an investigation of corporations as offenders from the Swedish horizon. It provides regulatory agencies with a model of the causality behind the decisions against a corporation.

  • 24.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Trafficking in the Northern Countries: Eastern Prostitution from Russia to Sweden and Finland2002Ingår i: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, ISSN 1404-3858, E-ISSN 1651-2340, ISSN 1404-3858, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 96-111Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Trafficking is a relatively new phenomenon in the research agenda on organized crime. In this article the spread of the phenomenon in Scandinavia is described and discussed. Special attention has been given to Russian-organized prostitution in the Tornio Valley (the borderarea between northern Finland and northern Sweden). The data for the article consist of observations at special 'deposit-sites' in Finland and interviews with the authorities concerned (police, customs, social services, Center for Disease Control (CDC), etc.) in Sweden, and also newspaper articles that have reported on the phenomenon. The methological projection of the article is exploratory in character with the purpose of describing the phenomenon, rather than being able to explain it. The results show that there is an organized trade in women in the Tornio Valley (set rendezvous points, pick-up sites, transport via Russian-registered minivans etc). Despite this the phenomenon cannot be tied conclusively to Russian-organized crime. One conclusion is that further research on this phenomenon should gather information from the Russian authorities and from the prostitutes themselves.

  • 25.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    White Collar Crime: A Propositional Logical Analysis of a Concept2018Ingår i: Journal of Forensic Sciences & Criminal Investigation, ISSN 2476-1311, Vol. 9, nr 4, artikel-id 555769Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In their book White-Collar Crime – An Opportunity Perspective (2009), Benson and Simpson undertake the task of more precisely denoting the concept of white-collar crime by its nature and how the causal structure of the object is meant to be understood. The aim of this article is to prove the logical consistency (validity and consequence) of Benson and Simpson’s derivation of the concept. The article focuses on the propositional explanation of causation, by applying first-order logic inference rules of sentential and predicate logic based on the rule of contraposition: a → b ↔ ¬b → ¬a. The results show that Benson and Simpsons’ argument is not logical valid, but logical consequent that is something that the agenda can build on.

  • 26.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    White Collar Criminals: the State of Knowledge2015Ingår i: The Open Criminology Journal, ISSN 1874-9178, ISSN 1874-9178, Vol. 8, s. 28-35Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    White collar crime is the least studied and the least understood crime type in comparison to traditional crime types. This review highlights the recent developments in the state of knowledge over the white collar criminals. The review concerns the topics of demography, motivation for offending and career criminality among white collar criminals. It compiles the international results (mainly West-European) so far in the three topics. The review ends with a request on further research that needs to be done in four aspects: what is the main demographic difference between white collar offenders and confirmative non-offenders? How can we explain the difference in the age-crime relationship between street criminals and white collar criminals? Why do we still have the gender divergences by white collar criminals, despite the fact that women increase their participation into the labor market? And why do we know so little about the criminal motivation among white collar criminals?

  • 27.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Azarian, Reza
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    When white collar criminals turn to fatal violence: the impact of narcissism and psychopathy2018Ingår i: Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, ISSN 1544-4759, E-ISSN 1544-4767, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 215-226Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article takes as its point of departure Perri's view, according to whom the impact of personality traits such as psychopathy and narcissism has unduly been omitted in research on white collar criminality. However, this article argues that although such factors have an important role to play in some cases when white collar criminals turn violent in order to prevent the detection of their felonies, they constitute neither the necessary nor the sufficient conditions for white collar criminals to commit murders. This means on the one hand that, although potentially increasing the risk for violence, these traits are not by themselves sufficient as the triggers of violent acts and can function so only under certain social‐contextual circumstances. However, such personality traits are not by themselves necessary, as there can be empirical cases of fraud detection murder committed by white collar criminals lacking them. This position is supported by both a logical analysis of Perri's main arguments and by empirical evidence, consisting of a few real‐life cases of Scandinavian white collar criminals who have “turned red.”

  • 28.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Korsell, Lars
    Larsson, Paul
    Ekonomisk brottslighet: en nordisk reader2014Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 29.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Avslutning2011Ingår i: Vinddriven kriminalitet på en vinddriven marknad: Ekonomisk och organiserad brottslighet, Borås: Recito förlag , 2011, 1, s. 206-213Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 30.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Larsson, DanielUmeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Den ljusskygga ekonomin: Organiserad och ekonomisk brottslighet2008Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 31.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Försäkringsbedragarens kriminella historik2014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 32.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Introduktion2011Ingår i: Vinddriven kriminalitet på en vinddriven marknad: Ekonomisk och organiserad brottslighet / [ed] Tage Alalehto, Daniel Larsson, Borås: Recito förlag , 2011, 1, s. 9-23Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 33.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Measuring trust in the police by contextual and individual factors2016Ingår i: International Journal of Law Crime and Justice, ISSN 1756-0616, E-ISSN 1876-763X, Vol. 46, s. 31-42Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigate if procedural justice and police competence affects trust in the police independent on the level of perception of corruption, and whether the impact of procedural justice and police competence varies due to perception of corruption. The data used is European Social Survey round 5 (2010), containing 24 countries. To separate individual effects from aggregate effects we used multilevel analyses. The results show that procedural justice and police efficiency are of importance for trust in the police independent of the perception of corruption. But the results also show that the impact of both procedural justice and police competence varies due to the level of perception of corruption. The conclusion is therefore that the fight against corruption must be prioritized to increase trust in the police.

  • 34.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Measuring white-collar crime perceptions among public and white-collar offenders: a comparative investigation of four European countries2015Ingår i: The Routledge handbook of white-collar and corporate crime in Europe / [ed] van Erp J, Huisman W & Vande Walle G, Oxon/New York: Routledge, 2015Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 35.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    The roots of modern white-collar crime: does the modern form of white-collar crime have its foundation in the transition from a society dominated by agriculture to one dominated by industry?2009Ingår i: Critical Criminology, ISSN 1205-8629, E-ISSN 1572-9877, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 183-193Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present paper is to investigate whether the process of transition from an agricultural to an industrial society was a watershed for white-collar crime, such that this type of crime increased rapidly in connection with the industrialization process. The theoretical reasoning behind this notion is that the transition process promoted a mentality characterized by self-centered values and a culture of competitiveness, which together paved the way for fraud perpetrated at the expense of others. The data are from Statistic Sweden’s historical records and cover the period of 1864–1912. Since there is no way to measure all crimes that can be defined as white collar crime, we have used bankruptcy offences as an example of white collar crime. The results do not support the notion that the transition period from an agricultural to an industrial society showed an increase in bankruptcy offences. Instead, the results show that when fluctuations in the economy are taken into account, the industrialization process per se entailed less bankruptcy offences. On the other hand, other research using the case of Sweden has shown that it was first after World War II that bankruptcy offences increased rapidly. Our argument is that the transition process as a structural mechanism had a greater impact on bankruptcy offences when industrialized capitalism became advanced.

  • 36.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Varför ekobrottsforskningen gått i stå och hur vi skall få den att expandera!: ekobrottslingens demografi, riskfaktorer och kriminella karriär2011Ingår i: Vinddriven kriminalitet på en vinddriven marknad: Ekonomisk och organiserad brottslighet, Borås: Recito förlag , 2011, 1, s. 24-56Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 37.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Vem är den ekonomiske brottslingen?: En jämförelse mellan länder och brottstyper2012Ingår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 49, nr 1, s. 25-44Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Who is the economic criminal? A comparison between countries and types of crime In white collar crime research two particularly competing definitions (Sutherland versus the Revisionists) have dominated the field during the last two decades. Sutherland's definition states that the sociodemographic profile is homogeneous (entrepreneur with high education and high or regular income), despite type of white collar crime or context. The definition given by the Revisionists states that white collar criminals' demographic profile is heterogeneous (everyone can be convicted for white collar crime). As a consequence of this divided definitional approach we have a contradictive outcome of who the white collar criminal is. Our purpose is to investigate the qualification of the two definitions by analyzing heterogeneity/homogeneity based on crime type and national context. The investigation is based on seven countries from the EES 2004 (European Social Survey). We use four types of crime. The results show a rather homogeneous demographic profile but there is also a certain substantial heterogeneity depending on kinds of crime and context. The results altogether indicate that the Revisionists' definition is more correct in its description of the white collar criminal than Sutherland's definition. The demographic profile of the white collar criminal seems to be more complex than a profile confined to just one social category would be and the contextual factor has an impact on the variety of the demographic profile. An important task for future research is to hold the door open for further demographic investigations depending on the type of crime and country that the study is based on.

  • 38.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Larsson, DanielUmeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Vinddriven kriminalitet på en vinddriven marknad: Ekonomisk och organiserad brottslighet2011Proceedings (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 39.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Who was the white collar criminal?: white collar criminals in Sweden, 1865-19122011Ingår i: Capitalism in business, politics and society / [ed] Eugene N. Shelton, Hauppauge, N.Y.: Nova Science Publisher's , 2011, s. 77-91Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Who was the white collar criminal? During the last few years this question has been an increasingly popular topic in the field of white collar crime. But very few have asked who the white collar criminal was in the past. Our aim is to investigate the demographic character of the white collar criminal during the first industrial revolution and the implementation of capitalism in Sweden (1865-1912). Data comes from Statistics Sweden‘s historical statistics record regarding a section of the law that concerns offenses in bankruptcy. The hypothesis put forward is that the impact of industrialism and capitalism changes the socio-demographic profile regarding offenders of bankruptcy. The results, however, indicate that the profile did not change, which implies that the impact of capitalism and industrialism during the first period in Sweden did not have any impact on the characteristics of the offenders. This is in line with recent research showing that there is no correlation between the number of bankruptcy offenses and industrialization during this period. Furthermore, the results show that there are great similarities in the socio-demographic profile during this period with the same profile today. This result clearly contradicts the common understanding among many researchers in the field that modern white collar crime has its roots in capitalism and industrialization. Rather, the result shows that the socio-demographic profile is stable and related to other factors. In the conclusion, we discuss the results from the point of view of general understandings of theories such as Wheeler‘s ―fear of falling, Gottfredson and Hirschi‘s self-control theory, and Hirschi‘s theory of social bonds.

  • 40.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Larsson, Paul
    Korsell, Lars
    Introduktion2014Ingår i: Ekonomisk brottslighet: en nordisk reader / [ed] Alalehto T, Larsson P & Korsell L, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, s. 9-24Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 41.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Persson, Olle
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    The Sutherland tradition in criminology: a bibliometric story2013Ingår i: Criminal justice studies, ISSN 1478-601X, E-ISSN 1478-6028, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. 1-18Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we provide an overview of the body of knowledge associated with the Sutherland tradition in criminology. We track Sutherland's impact through a bibliometric analysis of papers citing any of Sutherland's works and by focusing on publications that are co-cited with Sutherland. This approach enables us to visualize Sutherland's role in relation to the forerunners and founding fathers of criminology during his own active period, to his followers, and to contemporary scholars. The dataset consisted of 2596 genuine articles that cite at least one of Sutherland's publications, in which he appears as first author in Web of Science TM published between 1955 and 2010. The results show a clear impact of the Sutherland tradition more or less throughout the twentieth century, peaking during the 1930s and 1940s and decreasing in the 1990s, when the Sutherland tradition was more powerfully challenged, primarily by the life-course tradition.

  • 42.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Sjödin, Jan
    Privat-Utredarna CJ HB.
    ’Business as usual’: Två exempel på ekobrott i den svenska vardagen2003Ingår i: Förebyggande metoder mot ekobrott: En antologi / [ed] Lars Emanuelsson Korsell och Tage Alalehto, Stockholm: Brottsförebyggande rådet, Information och förlag , 2003, s. 79-92Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 43.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Sköld, Tryggve
    KNAPSU2014Ingår i: Tornionlaakson vuosikirja 2013-2014: Tornedalens årsbok 2013-2014 / [ed] Tapio Salo, Kyösti Satokangas, Minna Lehtola, Tornedalsrådet Nordkalottens kultur- och forskningscentrum , 2014, s. 30-42Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 44.
    Azarian, Reza
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Patterns in Account-Giving among White Collar Criminals2014Ingår i: Deviant behavior, ISSN 0163-9625, E-ISSN 1521-0456, Vol. 35, nr 2, s. 101-115Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Using Swedish entrepreneurs' own explanations, this article searches for the possible regularities in the accounts offered by white collar offenders and for the underlying factors that produce these regularities, tracing in particular the impact of these offenders' attitudes toward regulation and taxation as well as their perceptions of the functioning of the market in which they operate. The results show that justifications are more common among offenders who have a clearly negative view on both factors. Excuses, on the other hand, are more frequently used by those who hold a positive attitude toward taxation and regulation. The results also show that offenders who offer excuses tend to share the same negative perception of the market as the “justifiers.” This unanticipated finding suggests that the “excusers” commit their offenses because they believe that the unlawful behaviors of the relevant others disturb the functioning of the market mechanism and thereby push them toward criminality.

  • 45.
    Johansson, Mats
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Sociologi.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Sociologi.
    Kommunism och nazism i lokalsamhället: Lokala aktörer i Båtskärsnäs, Karlsborg och Tärendö under 20- och 30-talen2009Ingår i: Arbetarhistoria, ISSN 0281-7446, nr 1-2, s. 41-46Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 46.
    Johansson, Mats
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Nazismen i Tornedalen: en jämförelse mellan Pajala och Tärendö 1934-19442017Ingår i: Tornionlaakson vuosikirja 2015-2017: Tornedalens årsbok 2015-2017 / [ed] Henry Barsk, Tapio Salo, Kyösti Satokangas, Haparanda: Tornionlaakson neuvosto , 2017, s. 46-68Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The municipal election of 1934 gave the Nazi party over 30 per cent of the votes in Tärendö municipality which led to six mandates in the municipal council and the chairmanship for the local Nazi politician. The Nazi party held its position as a municipal political force still until the end of Second World War with a popular vote of over 12 per cent in the election 1944 to the parliament. In comparison to other municipalities in the Swedish Tornio valley this was an exceptional political expression by the citizens. In the article we compare Tärendö toward Pajala from different perspectives of institutional, the mobilization of political movement and political leadership. The article tries to answer: how come that the Nazi party was successful in Tärendö but not in Pajala, despite the short distance and the cultural, social and market similarities between the two municipalities? The results show that institutional structure can only explain in margin the differences in Nazi voting. The main reason behind Nazi voting in Tärendö was the interaction between the mobilization of the political movements and the character of the local political leadership.

  • 47.
    Larsson, Daniel
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    The Reaction Towards White Collar Crime: When White Collar Crime Matters2013Ingår i: The Open Criminology Journal, ISSN 1874-9178, Vol. 6, s. 1-9Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present article, we analyze socio-demographic profiles regarding wrongful attitudes toward white-collar crime. This is a well-researched area, however where the vast majority of the studies comes from the USA and UK. In this paper we will investigate wrongful attitudes in a different context – Sweden. We will furthermore not only focus on those having a restricted view of white collar crime, but also people with a liberal view, i.e. people who do not consider white collar crime to be seriously wrong. To identify different groups regarding attitudes towards white collar crime we have used Latent Class Analyses, with the result that we can identify four different groups, among which we focus on a large group (containing 35 % of the sample) having the most restricted view of white collar crime, and a small group (4.5 % of the sample) having the most liberal view of white collar crime. The socio-demographic profile of people having a restricted view of white collar crime is quite similar to the previous research. The restricted group consists in general of elderly women that infrequently uses Internet. The liberal group is in great extent an opposite group – containing young men regularly using Internet. We conclude that it is the latter group that is of most interest for future research, not the least be-cause it is a group that may be breeding general distrust, which may strain the society’s social solidarity and trustfulness.

  • 48. Larsson, Paul
    et al.
    Korsell, Lars
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Från småfisk till global katastrof: ekonomisk brottslighet på 2000-talet2014Ingår i: Ekonomisk brottslighet: en nordisk reader / [ed] Alalehto T, Larsson P & Korsell L, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 49. Shover, Neal
    et al.
    Hochstetler, Andy
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Choosing White-Collar Crime2013Ingår i: The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory / [ed] Francis T. Cullen and Pamela Wilcox, New York: Oxford University Press, 2013, s. 475-493Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In Western countries such as the United States, crime is viewed as chosen behavior. This assumption emerged as the dominant theoretical underpinning of crime control policy-making in the decades encompassing the dawn of the twenty-first century. Routine activity theory is a good example of how contemporary criminological scholars have been drawn to choice models of criminal behavior. The notion of crime as choice also underlies many, if not most, contemporary interpretations of white-collar crime. For instance, theoretical explanations in which the causal importance of variation in criminal opportunities is stressed are based on choice models. Crime-as-choice theory overlaps but is not coextensive with rational choice theory; it differs mainly from the latter by not incorporating an assumption a priori that criminal choices are rational. This article applies the concepts and logic of crime-as-choice theory to explain variation in white-collar crime.

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