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  • 1.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Sociologi.
    Konstruktioner av genus i medietexter2004Ingår i: Medicinsk genusforskning - teori och begreppsutveckling, Vetenskapsrådet , 2004, s. 165-171Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet.
    "Like a normal girl": Performance of body, functionality and femininity2015Ingår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 52, nr 4, s. 395-397Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Looking good: a study of gendered body ideals among young people2000Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of this thesis is to study how social and cultural norms regarding body and appearance are perceived and interpreted by young people. This is done by studying both how these perceptions affect young people and how the body is controlled and altered through practices such as dieting, exercise, plastic surgery and the use of steroids. Another question raised in the study concerns important sources of influence for how one's own body is perceived. The study is based on a questionnaire distributed to 167 young girls and boys aged 13,15 and 17.The theoretical framework includes both general theories of the body and gender perspectives. Four themes have been applied in order to capture central and important aspects of the ideal body. These are; the problematic body, the controlled body, the commodified body and the social body. These themes are all related both to gender and to the portrayal of bodies in mass media.The main conclusion is that the body matters very much to many young people today, both their own perceptions of it and what others think of it. The perceptions of one's own body is also very much gendered. Many girls have internalised a fragmented and problematised way of looking at their bodies. They report a greater dissatisfaction with their bodies than do boys. Size and shape are regarded as particularly problematic and a small and slim body is preferred. Girls are also frequently engaged in practices to alter and control their bodies and are more concerned with the state of their own bodies and how others' view them. Boys expressed a greater satisfaction with their bodies. Their dissatisfaction is primarily focused on height and weight and indicates a desire to become bigger and taller. Exercise is the prime way for boys to alter their bodies. However, their own bodies are not as problematic as for girls; instead they seem to be more concerned with others' bodies. Friends, together with mass media (particularly visual media and magazines), are regarded as the strongest source of influence on how the respondents (both girls and boys) perceive their bodies.Age differences are also found. Girls display a tendency to be more dissatisfied with and be more involved in practices to alter the body the older they are. Boys display the reverse situation. The largest differences can therefore be found among the oldest. The influence of friends and media tend also to be perceived as more important among the oldest.

  • 4.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Sociologi.
    Ungdomar, kropp och funktionshinder2007Ingår i: Funktionshinder, kultur och samhälle, Studentlitteratur , 2007Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 5.
    Bengs, Carita
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Sociologi.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Medicinsk fakultet, Folkhälsa och klinisk medicin.
    Könskonstruktioner av sjuklighet - exemplet depression2004Ingår i: Kropp och genus i medicinen, Studentlitteratur , 2004, s. 267-274Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 6.
    Bengs, Carita
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Johansson, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Danielsson, Ulla EB
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Lehti, Arja
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Gendered portraits of depression in Swedish newspapers2008Ingår i: Qualitative Health Research, ISSN 1049-7323, E-ISSN 1552-7557, Vol. 18, nr 7, s. 962-973Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Mass media are influential mediators of information, knowledge, and narratives of health and illness. In this article, we report on an examination of personal accounts of illness as presented in three Swedish newspapers, focusing on the gendered representation of laypersons' experiences of depression. A database search identified all articles mentioning depression during the year 2002. Twenty six articles focusing on personal experiences of depression were then subjected to a qualitative content analysis. We identified four themes: displaying a successful facade, experiencing a cracking facade, losing and regaining control, and explaining the illness. We found both similarities and differences with regard to gendered experiences. The mediated accounts of depression both upheld and challenged traditional gender stereotypes. The women's stories were more detailed, relational, emotionally oriented, and embodied. The portrayal of men was less emotional and expressive, and described a more dramatic onset of depression, reflecting hegemonic patterns of masculinity.

  • 7.
    Bengs, Carita
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Pensionspreferenser och motiv till arbete efter 65 bland personal inom hälso- och sjukvården: kvalitativa analyser av arbetsrelaterade faktorers påverkan på pensionspreferenser samt motiv till och erfarenheter av ett förlängt arbetsliv2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet ”Nycklar till ett längre arbetsliv. Individuella och organisatoriska perspektiv” är ett av FORTE finansierat forskningsprojekt som startade hösten 2014 som ett samverkansprojekt med personalenheten vid Västerbottens läns landsting (VLL). Projektet, som baseras på olika enkätundersökningar, studerar medarbetares syn på pensionsålder (pensionspreferenser) och hur olika arbetsrelaterade faktorer påverkar pensionspreferenser och motivationen att arbeta längre. Projektet har bestått av tre olika delstudier. Delstudie ett baseras på kvantitativa analyser av en enkät riktad till samtliga medarbetare från 55 år och uppåt kring önskad tidpunkt för pension. Studien utgår från teoretiska bestämningar av arbetsvillkor och arbetsmiljö och dess effekt på pensionspreferensen. Delstudie två baseras på kvalitativa analyser av fritextsvar från samma enkät kring de arbetsrelaterade motiv som medarbetare angett i relation till sin pensionspreferens. De kvalitativa analyserna kompletterar de kvantitativa fynden genom att medarbetarna själva definierar motiven till sin pensionspreferens. Delstudie tre studerar erfarenheter av och motiv till att fortsätta arbeta efter 65 års ålder. Studien baseras på kvalitativa analyser av fritextsvar från en enkät riktade till medarbetare som arbetar efter 65 års ålder. I föreliggande rapport redovisas resultaten från de två kvalitativt orienterade studierna. Rapporten inleds med en kort bakgrund till forskningsprojektet därefter presenteras de övergripande resultaten från de två fristående delstudierna tillsammans med återkopplingar till tidigare forskning på området. Rapporten avslutas med ett kort diskussionsavsnitt där de två studiernas resultat relateras till varandra och till de implikationer resultaten kan ha för organisationen.

  • 8.
    Bengs, Carita
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Wiklund, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Kropp och hälsa2015Ingår i: Feministiskt tänkande och sociologi: teorier, begrepp och tillämpningar / [ed] Anna Hedenus, Sofia Björk, Oksana Shmulyar Gréen, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, s. 151-167Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 9.
    Bohm, Ingela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för kostvetenskap.
    Lindblom, Cecilia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för kostvetenskap.
    Åbacka, Gun
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Hörnell, Agneta
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för kostvetenskap.
    Absence, deviance and unattainable ideals: Discourses on vegetarianism in the Swedish school subject Home and Consumer Studies2016Ingår i: Health Education Journal, ISSN 0017-8969, E-ISSN 1748-8176, Vol. 75, nr 6, s. 676-688Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: This study aimed to describe Discourses on vegetarian food in the Swedish school subject Home and Consumer Studies. Design: The study involved the observation of naturally occurring classroom talk, with audio recording and in some cases video-taping. Setting: The study was conducted during Home and Consumer Studies lessons in five different northern Swedish schools. Method: Fifty-nine students and five teachers were observed, recorded and in some cases video-taped. The resulting data were analysed with a focus on big 'D' Discourses. Results: Results indicated that gendered Discourses of absence, deviance and unattainability restricted some students' access to vegetarian food. The absence of meat was constructed as simultaneously healthy and unhealthy, a lack of cultural familiarity with vegetarian cooking made finding recipes difficult and students perceived the loss of taste as very negative. The vegetarian was seen as deviant, with vegetarianism being conceptually equated with sickness. Access to meat-free food required a commitment to a vegetarian lifestyle, and this was seen as a sacrifice and as too much work, not only for the individual but also for others. Conclusion: To counteract the restricted access to vegetarian food, Home and Consumer Studies teachers can redesign activities in the subject with the help of critical food literacy. For example, cooking could focus on popular plant-based dishes instead of 'empty' vegetarian themes, all students could be allowed to share vegetarian dishes instead of reserving them for vegetarians, the possibly strict rules of vegetarianism could be relaxed for those who do not wish to commit to them and vegetarian food could be deliberately connected to strength and masculinity. However, this presupposes sufficient economic resources and ample food storage space.

  • 10.
    Bohm, Ingela
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för kostvetenskap.
    Lindblom, Cecilia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för kostvetenskap.
    Åbacka, Gun
    Vasa Faculty of Education, Åbo Akademi University, Vasa, Finland.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Hörnell, Agneta
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för kostvetenskap.
    "He just has to like ham": the centrality of meat in home and consumer studies2015Ingår i: Appetite, ISSN 0195-6663, E-ISSN 1095-8304, Vol. 95, s. 101-112Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to describe Discourses on meat in the school subject Home and Consumer Studies in five different northern Swedish schools. Fifty-nine students and five teachers from five different schools were recorded and in some cases video-taped during lessons. Results indicate that meat was seen as central to nutritional health, sensory experience, culture and social relationships. This positive view was challenged by an alternative Discourse where meat was threatening to health, sensory experience and psychological comfort, but this was not strong enough to affect centrality. Even when participants sought to promote the health advantages of reducing meat consumption, the dominant centrality Discourse was strengthened. This implies that the possible tension between physical and psychosocial/emotional health can make the benefits of a reduction difficult both to convey and accept. A form of critical food literacy may help teachers deconstruct the arbitrary power of the centrality Discourse, but it may also strengthen meat-eater identities because the social norms that guide food choice become salient. A redesign of Discourses might facilitate a reduction in meat consumption, but such a paradigm shift is dependent on the development of society as a whole, and can only be briefly touched upon within the limited timeframes and resources of Home and Consumer Studies.

  • 11.
    Danielsson, Ulla EB
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Lehti, Arja
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Johansson, Eva E
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Struck by lightning or slowly suffocating: gendered trajectories into depression2009Ingår i: BMC Family Practice, ISSN 1471-2296, E-ISSN 1471-2296, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 56-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In family practice depression is a common mental health problem and one with marked gender differences; women are diagnosed as depressed twice as often as men. A more comprehensive explanatory model of depression that can give an understanding of, and tools for changing, this gender difference is called for. This study explores how primary care patients experience, understand and explain their depression.

    Methods: Twenty men and women of varying ages and socioeconomic backgrounds diagnosed with depression according to ICD-10 were interviewed in-depth. Data were assessed and analyzed using Grounded Theory.

    Results: The core category that emerged from analysis was "Gendered trajectories into depression". Thereto, four categories were identified – "Struck by lightning", "Nagging darkness", "Blackout" and "Slowly suffocating" – and presented as symbolic illness narratives that showed gendered patterns. Most of the men in our study considered that their bodies were suddenly "struck" by external circumstances beyond their control. The stories of study women were more diverse, reflecting all four illness narratives. However, the dominant pattern was that women thought that their depression emanated from internal factors, from their own personality or ways of handling life. The women were more preoccupied with shame and guilt, and conveyed a greater sense of personal responsibility and concern with relationships.

    Conclusion: Recognizing gendered narratives of illness in clinical consultation may have a salutary potential, making more visible depression among men while relieving self-blame among women, and thereby encouraging the development of healthier practices of how to be a man or a woman.

  • 12.
    Danielsson, Ulla EB
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Samuelsson, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Johansson, Eva E
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    "My greatest dream is to be normal": the impact of gender on depression narratives of young Swedish women and men2011Ingår i: Qualitative Health Research, ISSN 1049-7323, E-ISSN 1552-7557, Vol. 21, nr 5, s. 612-624Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Depression is common among young people. Gender differences in diagnosing depression appear during adolescence. The study aim was to explore the impact of gender on depression in young Swedish men and women. Grounded theory was used to analyze interviews with 23 young people aged 17 to 25 years who had been diagnosed with depression. Their narratives were marked by a striving to be normal and disclosed strong gender stereotypes, constructed in interaction with parents, friends, and the media. Gender norms were upheld by feelings of shame, and restricted the acting space of our informants. However, we also found transgressions of these gender norms. Primary health care workers could encourage young men to open up emotionally and communicate their personal distress, and young women to be daring and assertive of their own strengths, so that both genders might gain access to the positive coping strategies practiced respectively by each.

  • 13.
    Hammarström, Anne
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin.
    Lehti, Arja
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin.
    Danielsson, Ulla
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Johansson, E.E.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin.
    Gender-related explanatory models of depression: a critical evaluation of medical articles2009Ingår i: Public Health, ISSN 0033-3506, E-ISSN 1476-5616, Vol. 123, nr 10, s. 689-693Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: Although research has consistently shown a higher prevalence of depression among women compared with men, there is a lack of consensus regarding explanatory factors for these gender-related differences. The aim of this paper was to analyse the scientific quality of different gender-related explanatory models of depression in the medical database PubMed.

    Study design: Qualitative and quantitative analyses of PubMed articles.

    Methods: In a database search in PubMed for 2002, 82 articles on gender and depression were selected and analysed with qualitative and quantitative content analyses. In total, 10 explanatory factors and four explanatory models were found. The ISI Web of Science database was searched in order to obtain the citation number and journal impact factor for each article.

    Results: The most commonly used gender-related explanatory model for depression was the biomedical model (especially gonadal hormones), followed by the sociocultural and psychological models. Compared with the other models, the biomedical model scored highest on bibliometric measures but lowest on measures of multifactorial dimensions and differences within the group of men/women.

    Conclusion: The biomedical model for explaining gender-related aspects of depression had the highest quality when bibliometric methods were used. However, the sociocultural and psychological models had higher quality than the biomedical model when multifactoriality and intersectionality were analysed. There is a need for the development of new methods in order to evaluate the scientific quality of research.

  • 14.
    Johansson, Eva E
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Danielsson, Ulla EB
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Lehti, Arja
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Gaps between patients, media and academic medicine in discourses on gender and depression: a metasynthesis2009Ingår i: Qualitative Health Research, ISSN 1049-7323, E-ISSN 1552-7557, Vol. 19, nr 5, s. 633-644Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 15.
    Kristoffersson, Emelie
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Andersson, Jenny
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Hamberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Experiences of the gender climate in clinical training: a focus group study among Swedish medical students2016Ingår i: BMC Medical Education, ISSN 1472-6920, E-ISSN 1472-6920, Vol. 16, artikel-id 283Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research shows that medical education is characterized by unequal conditions for women and men, but there is a lack of qualitative studies investigating the social processes that enable and maintain gender inequalities that include both male and female students. In this focus group study, we therefore explored male aswell as female medical students’ experiences of the gender climate – i.e., how beliefs, values, and norms about gender were communicated – during clinical training and how the students dealt with these experiences.

    Methods: Focus group interviews were conducted with 24 medical students (nine men) at Umeå University, Sweden. The interviews were structured around personal experiences in clinical training where the participants perceived that gender had mattered. Data were analysed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results: The students described gender-stereotyped expectations, discriminatory treatment, compliments, comments, and demeaning jargon. Female students gave more personal and varied examples than the men.The students’ ways of handling their experiences were marked by efforts to fit in, for example, by adapting their appearance and partaking in the prevailing jargon. They felt dependent on supervisors and staff, and due to fear of repercussions they kept silent and avoided unpleasant situations and people rather than challenging humiliating jargon or supervisors who were behaving badly.

    Conclusions: Everyday communication of gender beliefs combined with students’ adaptation to stereotyped expectations and discrimination came across as fundamental features through which unequal conditions for male and female students are reproduced and maintained in the clinic. Because they are in a dependent position, it is often difficult for students to challenge problematic gender attitudes. The main responsibility for improvements, therefore, lies with medical school leadership who need to provide students and supervisors with knowledge about gendered processes, discrimination, and sexism and to organize reflection groups about the gender climate in order to improve students’ opportunities to discuss their experiences, and hopefully find ways to protest and actively demand change.

  • 16.
    Lehti, Arja
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinsk fakultet, Folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Johansson, Eva E
    Umeå universitet, Medicinsk fakultet, Folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Sociologi.
    Danielsson, Ulla
    Umeå universitet, Medicinsk fakultet, Folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå universitet, Medicinsk fakultet, Folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    "The others": a qualitative analysis of explanations of depression in research publications focusing on ehtnicity and genderArtikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 17.
    Lehti, Arja
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Johansson, Eva E
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Danielsson, Ulla
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    "The Western gaze": An analysis of medical research publications concerning the expressions of depression, focusing on ethnicity and gender2010Ingår i: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 31, nr 2, s. 100-112Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Our aim of this study was to explore how authors of medical articles wrote about different symptoms and expressions of depression in men and women from various ethnic groups as well as to analyze the meaning of gender and ethnicity for expressions of depression. A database search was carried out using PubMed. Thirty articles were identified and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Approaches differ with regard to how depression is described and interpreted in different cultures in relation to illness complaints, illness meaning, and diagnosis of depression. Articles often present issues based on a Western point of view. This may lead to “cultural or gender gaps,” which we refer to as “the Western gaze,” which may in turn influence the diagnosis of depression.

  • 18.
    Schnabel, Annette
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Wiklund, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Modernità, stress e ricerca dell'autogestione emotiva2012Ingår i: Salute e Società. La medicina delle emozioni e delle cognizioni, ISSN 1723-9427, nr 2, s. 74-89Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Sociology has a longstanding tradition in describing the emotional regime of modernity as "disciplining" effect, accompanied by an increased demand for selfregulation (Elias). Recently, researchers stressed that we nowadays observe a growing informalization of emotion rules (Wouters) and an increased demand for the emotional labour (Hochschild). The tension between disciplinary limitation of emotions and their informalization is mirrored in the growing necessity to psychologically and chemically alter and optimize emotions (Neckel). Beyond a mere theoretical analysis of this tension, the article empirically explores the selfperceptions and self-management strategies of young women in Sweden in order to cope with felt oppression and stress in relation to the emotional and behavioural demands of their environment.

  • 19.
    Strömbäck, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Psykiatri.
    Wiklund, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Danielsson, Ulla
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    ”Jag skakar” tjejers uttryck för psykisk ohälsa2015Ingår i: När livet känns fel: ungas upplevelser kring psykisk ohälsa / [ed] Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor, Stockholm: Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor , 2015, s. 174-196Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur tänker unga kvinnor själva om sin psykiska hälsa och hur tar den sig uttryck? Artikeln fördjupar förståelsen för hur tonårstjejer och unga kvinnor uttrycker psykisk ohälsa utifrån egna berättelser. Ofta använder de bildspråk, liknelser och metaforer för att förklara och begripliggöra hur de mår och hur de har det i livet. Avslutningsvis diskuterar vi de unga kvinnornas erfarenheter utifrån genus- och maktperspektiv.

  • 20.
    Wiitavaara, Birgitta
    et al.
    Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Högskolan i Gävle.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Brulin, Christine
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Lekmannaperspektiv på hälsa bland personer med muskuloskeletala besvär2015Ingår i: Best Practice: Smärta, nr 10, s. 20-23Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 21.
    Wiitavaara, Birgitta
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Brulin, Christine
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Well, I'm healthy, but… - lay perspectives on health among people with musculoskeletal disorders2016Ingår i: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 38, nr 1, s. 71-80Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: The purpose was to investigate lay perspectives on health among people with musculoskeletal disorders.

    METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were performed with 39 women and 30 men, (aged 22-63 years) with long-term, non-specific musculoskeletal disorders in the neck, shoulder and/or low back. Data was analysed using qualitative content analysis.

    RESULTS: These people experienced health as "having resources and opportunities to lead the life one wants". Three categories, "a good enough physical and psychological functioning, freedom of action, and a positive state of emotion and an enriching life", illustrate the different resources and opportunities that the informants described as important for them to perceive themselves as healthy. The informants also reflected on "being ill" and "being well" and what makes the difference. Five aspects influenced the dynamics of their health experiences: "body and soul, prognosis, character of symptoms, physical and social activity, and emotional state". Consequently, the informants expressed a holistic view of health, where the focus lies on the opportunity and the ability to lead their lives the way they want.

    CONCLUSIONS: This study points at the value of taking lay perspectives on health into account, as it might increase the opportunity to design effective, personalized rehabilitation strategies. Implications for Rehabilitation Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are difficult to cure and actions to alleviate suffering are of most importance to increase wellbeing and thereby work ability. Research on lay perspectives can contribute towards a deepened understanding of the health experiences of the affected, and thereby the development of the goals and activities of rehabilitation. Our models, that present the view of health and aspects important for achieving wellness among people with MSDs, can contribute in the development of multimodal rehabilitation. The results can also be useful as a base in the evaluation of clinical practice.

  • 22.
    Wiklund, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Embodied dimensions of distress: young Swedish women's mental health in a context of gendered neoliberalisation2013Ingår i: BSA Medical Sociology Group 45th Annual Conference 2013, York University, York, UK, 2013Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 23.
    Wiklund, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Working Hard to Create a Visible Self: Social Constructions of (In)Visibility in Relation to Girls' Stress2012Ingår i: Invisible Girl: "Ceci n'est pas une fille" / [ed] Gun-Marie Frånberg, Camilla Hällgren & Elza Dunkels, Umeå: Umeå University , 2012, s. 21-31Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we problematise the stress girls experience in the light of invisibility and visibility, including the gendered tensions around the social constructions of girls as (in)visible. Our analysis is based on a rereading of narrative interviews with Swedish girls experiencing stress-related problems. Issues of girl's health and illness are found to be undeveloped in the wider sociocultural context of both health research and cultural youth studies. Our analysis suggests that stress as an illness among girls seems invisible and diminished, and also that girls themselves feel invisible and not good enough. We emphasise that girls' efforts and the external demands on them need to be acknowledged and addressed instead of individualised. Furthermore, we relate the tension between visibility and invisibility, which seems central to the girl's distress, to limiting norms of femininity and gender orders. According to our analysis the girls' efforts to create a visible self seem to come at a price.

  • 24.
    Wiklund, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Malmgren-Olsson, Eva-Britt
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Young women facing multiple and intersecting stressors of modernity, gender orders and youth2010Ingår i: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 71, nr 9, s. 1567-1575Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to explore stressors experienced by Swedish adolescent girls and young women, specifically understood in relation to social context and gender theory. Interviews were conducted with 40 young Swedish women, aged 16–25 years, who had sought help at a youth health centre for stress problems. Using qualitative content analysis we identified three clusters of stressors: “the stressors of modernity”, “the stressors of gendered orders”, and “the stressors of youth”. The results revealed that multiple and intersecting discourse-shaped stressors and demands connected to essential life spheres contribute not only to experiences of distress but also to feelings of constraint. Gendered individualism and healthism proved to be essential in understanding the young women’s experienced stress. Failing social support from adults, gendered demands and responsibility taking were also illuminated. This calls for a broad contextualized and gender-sensitive approach to young women’s stress and health problems.

  • 25.
    Wiklund, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Danielsson, Ulla
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Strömbäck, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Psykiatri.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Dissonanser och möjligheter: i ljuset av genus, normativitet och samhällets individualisering2015Ingår i: När livet känns fel: ungas upplevelser kring psykisk ohälsa / [ed] Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällsfrågor, Stockholm: mucf.se , 2015, s. 153-173Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna fördjupande artikel riktar vi blickarna mot ungas psykiska ohälsa – dissonanser och möjligheter – i förhållande till genuskonstruktioner, normativitet och inflytelserika samhällstrender som individualisering.

  • 26.
    Wiklund, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Malmgren-Olsson, Eva-Britt
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    "He messed me up": Swedish adolescent girls' experiences of gender-related partner violence and its consequences over time2010Ingår i: Violence against Women, ISSN 1077-8012, E-ISSN 1552-8448, Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 207-232Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article illuminates two Swedish adolescent girls' experiences of living in a violent relationship as teenagers and how this has affected their lives and health over time. Interviews were conducted in a youth health center. A combination of qualitative content analysis and narrative analysis describes violation, stress, trauma, coping, and agency during the period of adolescence and transition into adulthood. Despite Swedish progressive public policies on men's violence against women, teenage girls are exposed to male partners' violation, a severe gendered stressor. There is a need for the development of health policy and gender-responsive interventions geared specifically toward adolescent girls.

  • 27.
    Wiklund, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Strömbäck, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Psykiatri. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    En ribba att nå: Unga kvinnors förkroppsligade stress i en neoliberal och könad kontext2013Ingår i: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, nr 2-3, s. 57-85Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    I föreliggande artikel är vårt syfte att synliggöra och problematisera tonårsflickors och unga kvinnors upplevda och förkroppsligade stress och psykiska ohälsa i förhållande till en könad samhällelig kontext – vilket vi menar har relevans för såväl folkhälsovetenskaplig forskning som för genusvetenskaplig flickforskning. Genom sammanförandet av historiska, sociokulturella, politiska och hälsorelaterade infallsvinklar från olika forskningsfält belyser vi komplexiteten och motstridigheterna i fenomenet/problemet ”unga tjejers stress” med utgångspunkt i vår empiriskt baserade forskning om unga kvinnor, kroppslighet och psykisk ohälsa. Några av våra frågeställningar lyder: Vad och hur berättar unga kvinnor själva om sin upplevda stress och livssituation, och vilka centrala teman kan vi skönja i deras berättelser? Hur kan unga kvinnors stress och psykiska ohälsa kontextualiseras, förstås och begripliggöras utifrån historiska, politiska, sociokulturella och genusrelaterade perspektiv? Hur förkroppsligas den sociala kontexten i unga kvinnors berättade upplevelser och uttryck av stress?

  • 28.
    Wiklund, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Malmgren-Olsson, Eva-Britt
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Living close to the edge: embodied dimensions of distress during emerging adulthood2014Ingår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 2, nr 4, s. 1-17Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although self-reported stress-related problems are common among Swedish adolescent girls and young women, few qualitative studies have been made of young people’s own understandings and descriptions of their situation. The aim of our present study, therefore, is to explore and analyze the lived experiences of stress among adolescent girls and young women who had sought help at a youth health center. Interviews were conducted with 40 girls and young women, aged 16-25 years. The interviews were analyzed by qualitative content analysis. “Living close to the edge” is interpreted as the common theme running through all of the interviews and represents the participants’ sometimes unbearable situations. The theme contains dimensions of physical, emotional, cognitive, social, and existential distress, as well as dimensions of distrust and disempowerment. Findings highlight the importance of addressing these dimensions in youth health interventions. The importance of contextualizing young women’s distress is furthermore emphasized.

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