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  • 1.
    Beland Lindahl, Karin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Johansson, Johanna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    Örebro universitet.
    Ranius, Thomas
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Roberge, Jean-Michel
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU, Umeå, Sweden.
    The Swedish forestry model: more of everything?2017Ingår i: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 77, s. 44-55Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    "The Swedish forestry model" refers to the forest regime that evolved following the 1993 revision of the Swedish Forestry Act. It is key to Swedish forest politics and used to capture the essence of a sustainable way of managing forests. However, the ideas, institutions and practices comprising the model have not been comprehensively analyzed previously. Addressing this knowledge gap, we use frame analysis and a Pathways approach to investigate the underlying governance model, focusing on the way policy problems are addressed, goals, implementation procedures, outcomes and the resulting pathways to sustainability. We suggest that the institutionally embedded response to pressing sustainability challenges and increasing demands is expansion, inclusion and integration: more of everything. The more-of-everything pathway is influenced by ideas of ecological modernization and the optimistic view that existing resources can be increased. Our findings suggest that in effect it prioritizes the economic dimension of sustainability. While broadening out policy formulation it closes down the range of alternative outputs, a shortcoming that hampers its capacity to respond to current sustainability challenges. Consequently, there is a need for a broad public debate regarding not only the role of forests in future society, but also the operationalization of sustainable development.

  • 2.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Social values of forests and production of new goods and services: the views of Swedish family forest owners2018Ingår i: Small-scale Forestry, ISSN 1873-7617, E-ISSN 1873-7854, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 125-146Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Forests are considered crucial assets for sustainable rural development, and contemporary forestry is an industry where production, environmental and social goals can – and should – be handled simultaneously. Swedish family forest owners (FFOs) are expected to both manage and conserve their forests for the benefit of the whole country, but there are contradictions between development and conservation and between traditional and alternative forms of utilization, representing dilemmas in rural areas. Tensions between urban and rural areas, between demands on what to produce and protect, are often linked to the FFOs’ views on opportunities for forest management. The aim of this study is to identify and analyse the extent to which FFOs perceive that social values have the ability to generate “new” goods and services as a supplement or alternative to traditional forestry, and to suggest how the forests might be managed to render high social values. Fifty-seven interviews were conducted with FFOs (both resident and non-resident). The results indicate that regardless of where they reside, FFOs have a multifunctional view of their forests and forest management, that the social values attached to forests can play an important role in the development of local recreation- and forest-based tourism activities, and in this respect they can enhance sustainable rural development. It is, however, not obvious who might start and develop these businesses, since there seems to be a lack of interest among the FFOs themselves.

  • 3. Felton, Adam
    et al.
    Löfroth, Therese
    Angelstam, Per
    Gustafsson, Lena
    Hjältén, Joakim
    Felton, Annika M.
    Simonsson, Per
    Dahlberg, Anders
    Lindbladh, Matts
    Svensson, Johan
    Nilsson, Urban
    Lodin, Isak
    Hedwall, P. O.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Lämås, Tomas
    Brunet, Jörg
    Kalen, Christer
    Kriström, Bengt
    Gemmel, Pelle
    Ranius, Thomas
    Keeping pace with forestry: Multi-scale conservation in a changing production forest matrix2019Ingår i: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The multi-scale approach to conserving forest biodiversity has been used in Sweden since the 1980s, a period defined by increased reserve area and conservation actions within production forests. However, two thousand forest-associated species remain on Sweden's red-list, and Sweden's 2020 goals for sustainable forests are not being met. We argue that ongoing changes in the production forest matrix require more consideration, and that multi-scale conservation must be adapted to, and integrated with, production forest development. To make this case, we summarize trends in habitat provision by Sweden's protected and production forests, and the variety of ways silviculture can affect biodiversity. We discuss how different forestry trajectories affect the type and extent of conservation approaches needed to secure biodiversity, and suggest leverage points for aiding the adoption of diversified silviculture. Sweden's long-term experience with multi-scale conservation and intensive forestry provides insights for other countries trying to conserve species within production landscapes.

  • 4.
    Felton, Adam
    et al.
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Nilsson, Urban
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Sonesson, Johan
    Skogforsk.
    Felton, Annika M.
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Roberge, Jean-Michel
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Ranius, Thomas
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Ahlström, Martin
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Bergh, Johan
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Björkman, Christer
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Boberg, Johanna
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Drössler, Lars
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet (SLU).
    Fahlvik, Nils
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Gong, Peichen
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Holmström, Emma
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet (SLU).
    Keskitalo, E. Carina H.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Klapwijk, Maartje
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet (SLU).
    Laudon, Hjalmar
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Lundmark, Tomas
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Niklasson, Mats
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet (SLU)/Foundation Nordens Ark.
    Nordin, Annika
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Pettersson, Maria
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Stenlid, Jan
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Wallertz, Kristina
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Replacing monocultures with mixed-species stands: Ecosystem service implications of two production forest alternatives in Sweden2016Ingår i: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 45, s. 124-139Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Whereas there is evidence that mixed-species approaches to production forestry in general can provide positive outcomes relative to monocultures, it is less clear to what extent multiple benefits can be derived from specific mixed-species alternatives. To provide such insights requires evaluations of an encompassing suite of ecosystem services, biodiversity, and forest management considerations provided by specific mixtures and monocultures within a region. Here, we conduct such an assessment in Sweden by contrasting even-aged Norway spruce (Picea abies)-dominated stands, with mixed-species stands of spruce and birch (Betula pendula or B. pubescens), or spruce and Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris). By synthesizing the available evidence, we identify positive outcomes from mixtures including increased biodiversity, water quality, esthetic and recreational values, as well as reduced stand vulnerability to pest and pathogen damage. However, some uncertainties and risks were projected to increase, highlighting the importance of conducting comprehensive interdisciplinary evaluations when assessing the pros and cons of mixtures.

  • 5.
    Kardell, Örjan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Lindkvist, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Skogsgödslingen i backspegeln: debatten om storskogsbrukets kvävegödsling i Sverige ca 1960-20092010Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 6.
    Kardell, Örjan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Lindkvist, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Skogsgödslingen i backspegeln: debatten om storskogsbrukets kvävegödsling i Sverige ca 1960-20092010Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In the mid-1960s, fertilization (with nitrogen) had a breakthrough as a forest management method in Swedish company owned forests. The activity grew and peaked during the 1970s but then lost ground and stabilized on a low level in the 1990s and early 2000s. Over the last five years, however, interest in fertilizing Swedish forests has increased again. In this article factors that have shaped these fluctuations are explored. A specific task is to investigate to what extent the fluctuations correlate with debates on environmental issues. Furthermore, conflicting “fundamental ideas” within interest groups, representing forestry and the environmental movement respectively, are identified and analyzed. The study thus sheds some light on how the relationship between forestry and the environmental movement has evolved, from the 1960s until today.

  • 7.
    Kardell, Örjan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Skogsgödslingen i storskogsbrukets backspegel2010Ingår i: Skogshistoriska sällskapets årsskrift, ISSN 1650-0962, s. 76-94Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 8. Lindahl, Karin Beland
    et al.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Stens, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Alternative pathways to sustainability?: Comparing forest governance models2017Ingår i: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 77, s. 69-78Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 9.
    Lindkvist, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    'Aa - her er ein herlig provins til lande lagt': från emigration till inre kolonisation i 1900-talets Norge och Sverige2003Ingår i: Heimen, ISSN 0017-9841, E-ISSN 1894-3195, Vol. 40, nr 2, s. 105-118Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    "0h! A lovely province is added to the country". From emigration to internal colonisation in 20th century Norway and Sweden

    The article discusses the Swedish National Association against Emigration (NAE), established 1907, and its Norwegian counterpart, The Society for the Reduction of Emigration, established 1908 and later known as The New Land Society. These societies arose from nationalistic currents that followed the dissolution of the union between Sweden and Norway in 1905. There had been large scale emigration from both countries for nearly 50 years, and more than every fifth Swede and Norwegian was living abroad. The societies were not only supposed to combat emigration but also, as non-public agencies, to promote "internal colonisation" within their respective national borders. This study points to several similarities as well as differences between the two societies. They were led by individuals with similar political backgrounds, the Swedish publicist Adrian Molin (1880-1942) and the Norwegian politician Johan E. Mellbye (1866-1954), both of whom can be regarded as nationalist right-wing radicals. The boards of directors were dominated by employment interests. The Swedish board also contained a large proportion of politicians from the national assembly and the govern-ment, above all right-wingers and liberals, but also some from the left-wing. Even the business of the societies followed similar lines with "internal colonisation" as their primary goal. By "internal colonisation" the societies meant the establishment of small scale farming and the cultivation of new land within their national borders. The Norwegian society was to a greater degree to engage in the cultivation of new land, while the NAE concentrated its efforts on the estates of mid Sweden. There was great interest in internal colonisation throughout Europe at the time, and both in Noway and in Sweden there were other groups working with colonisation issues. The National Association against Emigration and The Society for the Reduction of Emigration/The New Land Society were however powerful agencies within their respective countries, and the Norwegian society would continue to be so until 1950. With the "internal colonisation" of Prussia as a model, they wished to improve the workers in industry and agriculture, economically, socially and mentally, while at the same time increasing national power. Sweden and Norway were to be expanded within their own borders.

  • 10.
    Lindkvist, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    En lappmissionärs dagböcker berättar2008Ingår i: Västerbotten, ISSN 0346-4938, nr 1, s. 26-36Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 11.
    Lindkvist, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Jorden åt folket: nationalföreningen mot emigrationen 1907-1925.2007Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with the National Society Against Emigration (Sw.Nationalföreningen mot emigrationen) – referred to as the NE – and its radical right-wing leader Adrian Molin. Th e NE was founded in 1907 in order to stem the tide of emigration from Sweden and facilitate re-immigration by providing jobs and accomodation. Its many bureaus served as employment offi ces, land distribution centres and own-your-own-home companies, mainly aimed at creating smallholdings for Swedish working-class families.

    The purpose of the study is to investigate the organization, concept and practise of the internal colonization of rural Sweden between 1907 and 1925. By following both the successes and setbacks of the NE during the first decades of the twentieth century, ideas and opportunities circulating in Swedish society in a time of wide-ranging ideological and material change are discussed. Questions in focus include why a society to prevent

    emigration from Sweden emerged at that particular time; the function it served for both society and the state; the form internal colonization actually took and how it was conducted in comparison with other governmental and private agricultural reforms; and the attitude of the NE toward modernization in general. Theoretically the dissertation takes its point of departure in theories on nation-building and internal colonization (i.e., the establishment of small-scale farming and the cultivation of new land within the national borders), corporatism and attitudes toward modernization. The ideological analysis has been inspired by political scientist Michael Freeden´s theory of the construction of political ideologies via political concepts, as well as an analysis of the view of social categories such as gender, class and ethnicity. The source material is comprised of magazines, newspaper articles, letters and books and offi cial parliamentary publications. The practise of internal colonization has been studied with the aid of preserved accounts of the NE’s small-scale farming colonies, real estate documents, company reports, correspondance and further press materials.

    The surge of anti-emigration attitudes is explained as a powerful reaction arising at the turn of the century due to the economic upswing in Swedish industry and the social transformations which followed in the 1890s, when the country was seen as a nation with a promising future. That Adrian Molin founded the NE in 1907 is viewed as a consequence of his nationalistic thought. Together with political scientist Prof. Rudolf Kjellén, Molin was one of the country´s foremost advocates of an integrative nationalism.

    The NE was led by an elite of middle- and upper-class men involved in politics, industry and voluntary associations. Female members and representatives of the lower social classes were mostly absent. In general the NE neglected women in both speeches and plans, being preoccupied with ideas concerning the cultivation of middle-class Swedish men.

    The NE became a co-actor in a corporative colonization eff ort sanctioned by government financing during the 1910s. In 1920 the NE’s projects were condemned as hierarchical and undemocratic in comparison with other own-home organizations. Many other own-home companies were built on a cooperative foundation,

    while the NE was run by a national, regional, and local political and financial elite. Suspicions were raised about the raison d´être of the society. The state withdrew its subsidies and loans, and the NE lost it close connections with the government. Though conservative and reactionary in social issues, the NE cannot be characterized as critical of civilization or economic modernization of the country. Its programme intended to aid in the development

    of both agriculture and industry. The creation of more smallholdings would help bridge the problematic transition between two systems, from agrarian to industrial society.

  • 12.
    Lindkvist, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Kyrkan och kolonisationen under 1900-talet2005Ingår i: Livsfrågor i Lappland: kyrkan och kolonisationen: forskarsymposium i Vilhelmina 30 september-1 oktober 2004 / [ed] Tuuli Forsgren och Sigurd Nygren, Umeå: Johan Nordlander-sällskapet (JNS) , 2005Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 13.
    Lindkvist, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Landskap och identitet2003Ingår i: Värdefulla landskap / [ed] Erland Mårald, Umeå: Landskapet som arena, Umeå universitet , 2003, s. 129-138Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 14.
    Lindkvist, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Kardell, Örjan
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Idéer och värderingar i den svenska skogsgödslingens historia2010Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Sedan 1950-talet har skogsgödsling med kväve framhållits som en av de mest lönsamma skogsvårdsåtgärderna inom skogsbruket. Trots dessa fördelar har intresset för skogsgödsling pendlat kraftigt över tid och endast lockat de stora skogsbolagen i Sverige. Många faktorer har påverkat storskogsbrukets intresse för skogsgödslingen över tid. Ekonomiska överväganden, statliga författningar och påtryckningar från kritiska miljöorganisationer och andra intressegrupper har haft betydelse, men periodvis också en oro över gödslingens ekonomiska och ekologiska konsekvenser för virke och skog. Idéer och värderingar i den svenska skogsgödslingens historia. Osäkerheten kring skogsgödslingens effekter, som byggts upp sedan 1960-talet, har skapat motsättningar mellan gödslingsförespråkare och -motståndare. Konflikterna har underbyggts av seglivade idéer ("tankefigurer") som står emot varandra. Idéer och frågor som uttrycktes på 1960-talet har fortfarande inflytande över dagens debatt och framstår därmed som relativt stabila. Detta innebär att motsättningarna sannolikt kommer att kvarstå inom den närmaste framtiden.

  • 15.
    Lindkvist, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Kardell, Örjan
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Intensive Forestry as Progress or Decay?: An Analysis of the Debate about Forest Fertilization in Sweden, 1960–20102011Ingår i: Forests, ISSN 1999-4907, E-ISSN 1999-4907, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 112-146Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the mid-1960s, fertilization (with nitrogen) had a breakthrough as a promising forest management method in Swedish company owned forests. The activity grew and peaked during the 1970s but then lost ground and stabilized at a low level in the 1990s and early 2000s. Over the last five years, however, interest in fertilizing Swedish forests has increased again. In this article both the forestry industry’s, and the environmental movement’s, attitudes toward forest fertilization over time are investigated. Furthermore, conflicting persistent ideas about nature and future, i.e., “figures of thought”, within interest groups, representing forestry and the environmental movement respectively, are identified and analyzed in relation to the debate on fertilization. The analysis reveals mainly three figures of thought that have influenced this debate during the period, “the idea of progress”, “the idea of decay” and “the idea of the great chain of being”. The study thus sheds light on how the relationship between forestry and the environmental movement has evolved from the 1960s until today and uncovers thought patterns that have stood, and continue to stand, in opposition to one another.

  • 16.
    Lindkvist, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Mineur, Eva
    The Swedish Research Council, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nordlund, Annika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Olsson, Olof
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Keskitalo, Carina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Attitudes on intensive forestry: an investigation into perceptions of increased production requirements in Swedish forestry2012Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 27, nr 5, s. 438-448Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2008, the Swedish government launched an inquiry into the possibilities, benefits and requirements for conducting intensive forestry in part of the Swedish countryside, including fertilization, genetically improved plant material and fastgrowing species beyond what is currently allowed in Swedish legislation. Drawing upon part of that governmental investigation, this paper analyzes attitudes toward intensive forestry over time. The study draws upon studies of points of conflict written in the 1970s and 1980s, attitudes among different stakeholder groups, and interviews with forest owners and stakeholder groups potentially affected by intensive forestry. The study concludes that the diverging opinions as to what constitutes acceptable forest use have remained largely the same over the years. Radical landscape change is generally not seen as desirable, but views diverge over the use of novel tree species and the use of fertilization.

  • 17.
    Lindkvist, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Skogslandskapet som arena: en idé och miljöhistorisk bakgrundsanalys2009Ingår i: Konflikt och konsensus i skogen: intensivodling av skog ur ett humanistiskt och samhällsvetenskapligt perspektiv, Umeå: SLU , 2009, s. 2-32Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Delstudien syftar till att ge en bakgrund till dagens skogsbruk i Sverige och att sätta in skogspolitiken i ett idé- och miljöhistoriskt sammanhang. Sammantaget handlar undersökningen om hur skogen har brukats och hur detta brukande har motiverats, institutionaliserats, reglerats och ifrågasatts under de senaste århundradena. Den består av två delar. Den första delen inleds med en historik som tar upp maktförhållandena i skogen och hur skogen har nyttjats genom tiderna. Därefter följer en redogörelse över skogsbrukets och skogsvårdslagens förändring över tid fram till att miljörörelsen, rennäringen, kulturminnesvården och andra "allmänna intressen" som värnar om skogen tar plats i skogsvårdslagen. I den andra delen diskuteras ett urval av konflikter som uppkommit i anslutning till skogen och skogsbruket, främst med tyngdpunkt på 1970- och 1980-talen: debatten om plantering av skog i öppna landskap, kalhyggesdebatten, reaktionerna vid inplantering av främmande trädslag, debatten om bruket av bekämpningsmedel samt visionen om att utveckla och nyttja genmodifierade träd. Flera av dessa konflikter kan rimligen åter aktualiseras vid ett intensifierat skogsbruk av det slag som utredningen behandlar.

  • 18.
    Lindkvist, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Olsson, Olof
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Nordlund, Annika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Mineur, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Konflikt och konsensus i skogen: intensivodling av skog ur ett humanistiskt och samhällsvetenskapligt perspektiv. Faktaunderlag till utredning om Möjligheter till intensivodling av skog2009Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den första delstudien, ”Skogslandskapet som arena”, syftar till att ge en bakgrund till dagens skogsbruk i Sverige och att sätta in skogspolitiken i ett idé- och miljöhistoriskt sammanhang. Sammantaget handlar undersökningen om hur skogen har brukats och hur detta brukande har motiverats, institutionaliserats, reglerats och ifrågasatts under de senaste århundradena. Den består av två delar. Den första delen inleds med en historik som tar upp maktförhållandena i skogen och hur skogen har nyttjats genom tiderna. Därefter följer en redogörelse över skogsbrukets och skogsvårdslagens förändring över tid fram till att miljörörelsen, rennäringen, kulturminnesvården och andra ”allmänna intressen” som värnar om skogen tar plats i skogsvårdslagen. I den andra delen diskuteras ett urval konflikter som uppkommit i anslutning till skogen och skogsbruket, främst med tyngdpunkt på 1970- och 1980-talen: debatten om plantering av skog i öppna landskap, kalhyggesdebatten, reaktionerna vid inplantering av främmande trädslag, debatten om bruket av bekämpningsmedel samt visionen om att utveckla och nyttja genmodifierade träd. Flera av dessa konflikter kan rimligen åter aktualiseras vid ett intensifierat skogsbruk av det slag som utredningen behandlar.Den andra delstudien, ”Attityder och värderingar”, undersöker privatpersoners och skogsägares inställningar till den svenska skogen i allmänhet och till intensivodling av skog i synnerhet. Privatpersoner betraktar vanligen skogen som en rekreationsresurs, medan skogsägare håller skogens traditionella, ekonomiska värden närmare hjärtat. När attityder mot skogen väl förändras beror det ofta på generationsväxlingar, ökat miljömedvetande och urbaniseringstrender. Sveriges stora demografiska och kulturella skillnader har även bidragit till att skogen idag uppfattas olika i olika delar av landet. Samtidigt som vi bor längre bort från skogen än tidigare ökar vår efterfrågan på dess sociala värden, vilket innebär att ungefär hälften av våra skogsbesök numera sker i tätortsnära skog, som främst är förknippad med rekreation och vila. Skogens ekonomiska värden är emellertid fortfarande viktiga, inte minst när det gäller skogens roll som framtida energikälla. Intervjuade skogsägare har visat sig vara förhållandevis positiva till intensivodling av skog, samtidigt som det av miljömässiga och ekonomiska skäl finns ett starkt motstånd mot att öka användningen av gödsel. Privatpersoner som intervjuats anser i regel att intensivodlade områden begränsar naturupplevelsen, skadar miljön och missgynnar mångfalden. Fördelar som ökad möjlighet att utvinna alternativa energibränslen och ökade exportmöjligheter för svensk industri har emellertid också nämnts.Den tredje delstudien, ”Potentiella synergier och målkonflikter”, relaterar intensivodling av skog dels till de av riksdagen fastställda miljömålen dels till eventuella intressemotsättningar som kan uppstå till följd av ett förändrat nyttjande av jordbruksmark. De målkonflikter som identifieras, främst mellan miljömålen ’Begränsad klimatpåverkan’ och ’Ett rikt växt- och djurliv’, kan inte enbart lösas på teknisk väg utan kräver någon form av politisk avvägning. För att ansvariga myndigheter ska kunna göra en sådan avvägning krävs dock att det utarbetas någon form av politisk prioriteringsordning som kan vägleda myndigheterna i det arbetet. När det gäller eventuella intressemotsättningar som kan uppstå till följd av intensivodling framgår det av intervjuer med olika intresseorganisationer att många konflikter sannolikt kan undvikas om synpunkter från olika intressen beaktas i samband med planering av förändrat marknyttjande.

  • 19.
    Mårald, Erland
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Langston, Nancy
    Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, USA.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Moen, Jon
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Changing ideas in forestry: A comparison of concepts in Swedish and American forestry journals during the early twentieth and twenty-first centuries2016Ingår i: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 45, s. 74-86Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    By combining digital humanities text-mining tools and a qualitative approach, we examine changing concepts in forestry journals in Sweden and the United States (US) in the early twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. Our first hypothesis is that foresters at the beginning of the twentieth century were more concerned with production and less concerned with ecology than foresters at the beginning of the twenty-first century. Our second hypothesis is that US foresters in the early twentieth century were less concerned with local site conditions than Swedish foresters. We find that early foresters in both countries had broader—and often ecologically focused—concerns than hypothesized. Ecological concerns in the forestry literature have increased, but in the Nordic countries, production concerns have increased as well. In both regions and both time periods, timber management is closely connected to concerns about governance and state power, but the forms that governance takes have changed.

  • 20.
    Mårald, Erland
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Annika, Nordin
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Sténs, Anna (Medarbetare/bidragsgivare)
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Beland Lindahl, Karin (Medarbetare/bidragsgivare)
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Carlsson-Kanyama, Annika (Medarbetare/bidragsgivare)
    Kungl. Tekniska Högskolan, KTH.
    Johansson, Johanna (Medarbetare/bidragsgivare)
    Södertörns högskola.
    Keskitalo, E. Carina H. (Medarbetare/bidragsgivare)
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Laudon, Hjalmar (Medarbetare/bidragsgivare)
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Lidskog, Rolf (Medarbetare/bidragsgivare)
    Örebro universitet.
    Lämås, Tomas (Medarbetare/bidragsgivare)
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Lundmark, Tomas (Medarbetare/bidragsgivare)
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Nilsson, Urban (Medarbetare/bidragsgivare)
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Nordström, Eva-Maria (Medarbetare/bidragsgivare)
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Roberge, Jean-Michel (Medarbetare/bidragsgivare)
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Sonesson, Johan (Medarbetare/bidragsgivare)
    Skogforsk.
    Forest governance and management across time: developing a new forest social contract2017Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The influence of the past, and of the future on current-time tradeoffs in the forest arena are particularly relevant given the long-term successions in forest landscapes and the hundred years' rotations in forestry. Historically established path dependencies and conflicts determine our present situation and delimit what is possible to achieve. Similarly, future trends and desires have a large influence on decision making. Nevertheless, decisions about forest governance and management are always made in the present – in the present-time appraisal of the developed situation, future alternatives and in negotiation between different perspectives, interests, and actors.

    This book explores historic and future outlooks as well as current tradeoffs and methods in forest governance and management. It emphasizes the generality and complexity with empirical data from Sweden and internationally. It first investigates, from a historical perspective, how previous forest policies and discourses have influenced current forest governance and management. Second, it considers methods to explore alternative forest futures and how the results from such investigations may influence the present. Third, it examines current methods of balancing tradeoffs in decision-making among ecosystem services. Based on the findings the authors develop an integrated approach – Reflexive Forestry – to support exchange of knowledge and understandings to enable capacity building and the establishment of common ground. Such societal agreements, or what the authors elaborate as forest social contracts, are sets of relational commitment between involved actors that may generate mutual action and a common directionality to meet contemporary challenges.

  • 21. Nummelin, Tuomas
    et al.
    Widmark, Camilla
    Riala, Maria
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Nordström, Eva-Maria
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Nordin, Annika
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Forest futures by Swedish students: developing a mind mapping method for data collection2017Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 32, nr 8, s. 807-817Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Forests are an important natural resource in Sweden. They are used for multiple purposes, for example, providing economic returns from timber harvest, conservation of biodiversity, provision of wild berries and mushrooms and recreational benefits. People's perceptions of forests and forest use are currently under transformation due to drivers like globalization and urbanization. The aim of this study was to analyse in particular Swedish university student's visions of future forests using a newly developed survey method based on mind mapping. An online survey with mind map technique was used to collect data from university students in Umeå, northern Sweden. The study focused on features of forests, products derived from forests and activities in forests. The results indicate that students regard ecological, social and economic aspects of forests as important for future forests and the use of them. In particular, the role of non-wood forest products, like berries and mushrooms, as well as recreational features of forests were central to many of the students. The multitude of different visions suggests that forest management decisions of today, directing the future of forests, need to consider the multiple use of forests to be able to satisfy forest preferences also of younger generations.

  • 22. Ranius, Thomas
    et al.
    Hämäläinen, Aino
    Egnell, Gustaf
    Olsson, Bengt
    Eklöf, Karin
    Stendahl, Johan
    Rudolphi, Jörgen
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Felton, Adam
    The effects of logging residue extraction for energy on ecosystem services and biodiversity: a synthesis2018Ingår i: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, E-ISSN 1095-8630, Vol. 209, s. 409-425Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We review the consequences for biodiversity and ecosystem services from the industrial-scale extraction of logging residues (tops, branches and stumps from harvested trees and small-diameter trees from thinnings) in managed forests. Logging residue extraction can replace fossil fuels, and thus contribute to climate change mitigation. The additional biomass and nutrients removed, and soils and other structures disturbed, have several potential environmental impacts. To evaluate potential impacts on ecosystem services and biodiversity we reviewed 279 scientific papers that compared logging residue extraction with non-extraction, the majority of which were conducted in Northern Europe and North America. The weight of available evidence indicates that logging residue extraction can have significant negative effects on biodiversity, especially for species naturally adapted to sun-exposed conditions and the large amounts of dead wood that are created by large-scaled forest disturbances. Slash extraction may also pose risks for future biomass production itself, due to the associated loss of nutrients. For water quality, reindeer herding, mammalian game species, berries, and natural heritage the results were complicated by primarily negative but some positive effects, while for recreation and pest control positive effects were more consistent. Further, there are initial negative effects on carbon storage, but these effects are transient and carbon stocks are mostly restored over decadal time perspectives. We summarize ways of decreasing some of the negative effects of logging residue extraction on specific ecosystem services, by changing the categories of residue extracted, and site or forest type targeted for extraction. However, we found that suggested pathways for minimizing adverse outcomes were often in conflict among the ecosystem services assessed. Compensatory measures for logging residue extraction may also be used (e.g. ash recycling, liming, fertilization), though these may also be associated with adverse environmental impacts.

  • 23.
    Ranius, Thomas
    et al.
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Rudolphi, Jörgen
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Erland, Mårald
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Conflicting demands and shifts between policy and intra-scientific orientation during conservation research programmes2017Ingår i: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 46, nr 6, s. 621-629Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Conservation scientists must meet the sometimes conflicting demands of policy and science, but not necessarily at the same time. We analysed the policy and intra-scientific orientations of research projects on effects of stump extraction on biodiversity, and found shifts over time associated with these demands. Our results indicate that uncertainties related to both factual issues and human decisions are often ignored in policy-oriented reports and syntheses, which could give misleading indications of the reliability or feasibility of any conclusions. The policy versus intra-scientific orientation of the scientific papers generated from the surveyed projects varied substantially, although we argue that in applied research, societal relevance is generally more important than intra-scientific relevance. To make conservation science more socially relevant, there is a need for giving societal relevance higher priority, paying attention to uncertainties and increasing the awareness of the value of cross-disciplinary research considering human decisions and values.

  • 24.
    Roberge, Jean-Michel
    et al.
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Laudon, Hjalmar
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Björkman, Christer
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Ranius, Thomas
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Felton, Adam
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci SLU, Southern Swedish Forest Res Ctr, Rorsjovagen 1,Box 49, S-23053 Alnarp, Sweden.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Nordin, Annika
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Granström, Anders
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Widemo, Fredrik
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Bergh, Johan
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Sonesson, Johan
    Skogforsk.
    Stenlid, Jan
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Lundmark, Tomas
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
    Socio-ecological implications of modifying rotation lengths in forestry2016Ingår i: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 45, s. 109-123Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The rotation length is a key component of even-aged forest management systems. Using Fennoscandian forestry as a case, we review the socioecological implications of modifying rotation lengths relative to current practice by evaluating effects on a range of ecosystem services and on biodiversity conservation. The effects of shortening rotations on provisioning services are expected to be mostly negative to neutral (e.g. production of wood, bilberries, reindeer forage), while those of extending rotations would be more varied. Shortening rotations may help limit damage by some of today's major damaging agents (e.g. root rot, cambium-feeding insects), but may also increase other damage types (e.g. regeneration pests) and impede climate mitigation. Supporting (water, soil nutrients) and cultural (aesthetics, cultural heritage) ecosystem services would generally be affected negatively by shortened rotations and positively by extended rotations, as would most biodiversity indicators. Several effect modifiers, such as changes to thinning regimes, could alter these patterns.

  • 25.
    Sandström, Camilla
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Beland Lindahl, Karin
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Comparing forest governance models2017Ingår i: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 77, s. 1-5Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 26.
    Sandström, Camilla
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Lindkvist, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Öhman, Karin
    SLU, Department of Forest Resource Management.
    Nordström, Eva-Maria
    SLU, Department of Forest Resource Management.
    Governing competing demands for forest resources in Sweden2011Ingår i: Forests, ISSN ISSN 1999-4907, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 218-242Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Changing and competing land use, where we make use of a growing share of resources, potentially undermines the capacity of forests to provide multiple functions such as timber, biodiversity, recreation and pasture lands. The governance challenge is thus to manage trade-offs between human needs and, at the same time, maintain the capacities of forests to provide us with these needs. Sweden provides a clear example of this kind of challenge. Traditionally, timber has been the most apparent contribution of the forest to Swedish national interests. However, due to competing land use, the identification of the wider role of forests in terms of multifunctionality has been recognized. Today, a number of functions, such as water quality and biodiversity together with cultural and social activities related to forests, are increasingly included as potential demands on forests in competition with traditional functions such as timber production. The challenge is thus related to trade-offs between different functions. How to balance the relationship and guide trade-offs between different functions of forests is, to a large extent, a matter of policy choice and the design of appropriate governance institutions and pro-active management activities. Based on perceptions among stakeholders on future competing demands and a literature review, the paper explore the multifunctionality of the Swedish forests and how it is affected by competing demands for land use; how multifunctionality is currently governed; and concludes by suggesting promising decision support methods to manage trade-offs between different functions.

  • 27.
    Sandström, Camilla
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Competing land use associated with Sweden´s forests: External drivers affecting Swedish forests and forestry2009Rapport (Refereegranskat)
  • 28.
    Sandström, Camilla
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Dilemmas in forest policy development: the Swedish forestry model under pressure2015Ingår i: The future use of nordic forests: a global perspective / [ed] Erik Westholm, Karin Beland Lindahl, Florian Kraxner, Springer, 2015, s. 145-158Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter brings back the discussion to the Swedish situation and describes the forest policy dilemmas related to a transition of forest governance. The expected transition implies a shift in forest policy and practice in developed countries with a reduced "emphasis on timber production relative to the provision of environmental goods and services". The chapter describes a number of dilemmas and concludes that Swedish forestry policy has not managed to handle the gap between key stakeholders. Now this gap seems too wide to expect any joint contribution to the development of Swedish forest policy. Instead, the disagreements have resulted in putting pressure on the Swedish forestry model 

  • 29.
    Sandström, Camilla
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Konflikten om bärplockning är av gammalt datum2012Ingår i: Skogshistoriska sällskapet. Årsskrift 2012, ISSN 1650-0962, s. 44-53Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den politiska majoriteten i riksdagen har hela tiden gått emot förslagen om inskränkningar av allemansrätten till skogens vilda bär. Man har erkänt att det förekommer konflikter kring resursen, men menat att de kan förebyggas och lösas genom undervisning och information om vilka lagar och regler som gäller i skog och mark och inte via hårdare regleringar som stärker markägarnas rätt till bären.

    Avgörande för denna inställning tycks hittills ha varit att bären är alltför lite utnyttjad resurs – även som kommersiell produkt och som växer utan att markägaren behöver göra några investeringar. Det har därför funnits en farhåga att begränsningar av rätten till att plocka skulle göra resursen ännu mindre utnyttjad, vilket setts som en nationalekonomisk nackdel.

    Trots att skogens bär är en så användbar resurs är det nämligen endast en liten del som plockas. Av de uppskattningsvis 300 miljoner kilo bär som växer i de svenska skogarna varje år är det alltjämt uppskattningsvis endast cirka 5–10 procent som tas om hand. Samtidigt importeras stora mängder skogsbär i dag, liksom under hela 1900-talet. Nutida statistik visar exempelvis att när Sverige under 2000-talet exporterat mellan 6 000 och 9 000 ton blåbär per år så har vi också importerat mellan 4 000 och 5 000 ton.

  • 30.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Forskning för ett reflexivt, variationsrikt och hållbart skogsbruk2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hållbart skogsbruk är en utmaning i en tid präglad av allt större efterfrågan på skogens ekosystemtjänster. Forskning som utförts vid Umeå universitet om skogens sociala värden, inklusive allemansrättens gränser, har påverkat uppfattningen om vilka skogens sociala värden är i ett svenskt perspektiv. Den har också bidragit till uppvärderingen av skogens estetiska och rekreationsmässiga värden. Detta synliggörs i nationella policydokument samt i utbildningssatsningar inom skogssektorn. Forskningen kan på längre sikt bidra till ett mer reflexivt, variationsrikt och socialt hållbart skogsbruk.

    Forskningen har utgjort en del av forskningsprogrammet Future Forests, ett transdisciplinärt forskningsprogram som påbörjades 2009. Huvuddelen av forskningen om skogens sociala värden har pågått mellan 2012 och 2016. Ett stort antal forskare från Umeå universitet och SLU har bidragit. Den nyckelforskare som lyfts fram här är Anna Sténs, fil. dr. i historia och aktiv vid Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier, Umeå universitet.

    Forskarna har samverkat med en rad aktörer inom skogssektorn, däribland miljörörelsen, Samiska organisationer, myndigheter, friluftslivsorganisationer och skogsindustri. 

  • 31.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Ja till förskönade landskap, nej till reglering2014Ingår i: Västerbottenskuriren, ISSN 1104-0246Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 32.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Kulturella ekosystemtjänster i skoglig planering2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport presenterar arbetssätt och resultat under projektet ”Integrering av information om kulturella ekosystemtjänster i privata skogsägares skogsbruksplaner”. Projektet pågick 2016-09-15–2016-12-15. Finansiärer var Umeå universitet och Vinnova. Projektledare var Anna Sténs, Umeå universitet. Projektet har avrapporterats till Vinnova.

  • 33.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Skogen och det sköna2015Ingår i: Tänk. Ett vetgirigt magasin från Umeå universitet, ISSN 2001-3418Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 34.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Skogens estetik: Anna Sténs presenterar sin forskning2015Ingår i: Norra Skogsmagasinet, ISSN 1653-5154, nr 1, s. 30-Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skogsbrukets anpassning till estetiska och upplevelsemässiga värden förknippas ofta med tätortsnära skogar och tätbefolkade områden med mycket turism. Anna Sténs vid Future Forests vände på perspektivet och tog reda på hur skogsägare i ett glesbefolkat och skogsrikt Västerbotten tänker.

  • 35.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Skogens estetiska värden2014Ingår i: Grön entreprenör: Skogens sociala värden - Forskningen visar vägen / [ed] Susanna Lundqvist, Lena Johnson, Alnarp: Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet , 2014, 1, s. 72-77Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 36.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Skogens skönhetsvärden växer i vikt2014Ingår i: Idéer och värderingar: rapport från Future Forests 2009-2012 / [ed] Erland Mårald och Christer Nordlund, Umeå: SLU, Future Forests , 2014, , s. 2s. 28-29Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 37.
    Sténs, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Nordström, Eva-Maria
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Fries, Clas
    Skogsstyrelsen.
    Johansson, Johanna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    In the eye of the stakeholder: the challenges of governing social forest values2016Ingår i: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 45, nr 2, s. 87-99Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines which kinds of social benefits derived from forests are emphasised by Swedish stakeholders and what governance modes and management tools they accept. Our study shows that there exists a great variety among stakeholders’ perceptions of forests’ social values, where tourism and recreation is the most common reference. There are also differences in preferred governance modes and management where biomass and bioenergy sectors advocate business as usual (i.e. framework regulations and voluntarism) and other stakeholders demand rigid tools (i.e. coercion and targeting) and improved landscape planning. This divide will have implications for future policy orientations and require deliberative policy processes and improved dialogue among stakeholders and authorities. We suggest that there is a potential for these improvements, since actors from almost all stakeholder groups support local influence on governance and management, acknowledged and maintained either by the authorities, i.e. targeting, or by the stakeholders themselves, i.e. voluntarism.

  • 38.
    Sténs, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Kardell, Örjan
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkstudier.
    Oenigheten består om skogsgödsling2014Ingår i: Idéer och värderingar: rapport från Future Forests 2009-2012 / [ed] Erland Mårald och Christer Nordlund, Umeå: SLU, Future Forests , 2014, , s. 2s. 26-27Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 39.
    Sténs, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Kardell, Örjan
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkstudier.
    Skogsdödens "uppgång och fall": vad har vi lärt oss?2014Ingår i: Idéer och värderingar: rapport från Future Forests 2009-2012 / [ed] Erland Mårald och Christer Nordlund, Umeå: SLU, Future Forests , 2014, , s. 4s. 22-25Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 40.
    Sténs, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    “Forest property rights under attack”: Actors, networks and claims about forest ownership in the Swedish press 2014–20172020Ingår i: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 111, artikel-id 102038Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is a leading country in governance of property rights, according to global assessments, but Swedish landowners currently argue that their forest property rights are being eroded. Thus, the aim of this article is to investigate when and why the current debate on forest property rights came about, and its resemblance to discussion in an ‘echo-chamber’. This refers to an arena in which information is accessed from limited sources and a small number of actors with ideological homogeneity may exert substantial influence and reinforce established opinions. Hence, it may spread disinformation, increase polemic tensions, and hamper deliberative policy processes in society. We assess the resemblance by identifying where the issue is debated in printed news media, the active actors, the interests they represent and how they problematize property rights, i.e. the claims they make and the claims’ homogeneity. Our results show that the debate has intensified in recent years, but several issues are not new. The debate is mainly limited to the Swedish rural business press and rural conservative press. Moreover, the main claim-makers are representatives of land and forest owner organizations, and members of agrarian and conservative political parties, which have close organizational and individual connections, thereby forming a metaphorical ‘chamber’. The ‘echo’ consists of repetitive claims about withdrawal and management rights, with no efforts to examine and contextualize complex aspects of private property rights in a changing society. The debate about forest ownership in an echo-chamber is problematic in several ways. It hampers efforts of claim-makers in the chamber to reach out, undermines current systems’ legitimacy, and locks important questions about sustainable forestry and property rights into a narrow societal sphere.

  • 41.
    Sténs, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Mårald, Erland
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Managing forest aesthetics in the boreal fringe2014Ingår i: International forestry review, ISSN 1465-5489, E-ISSN 2053-7778, Vol. 16, nr 5, s. 52-Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The value and management of forest aesthetics have been heavily studied since the early 1970s. However, studies moving outsideof urban areas are less frequent. This also holds for Sweden. Previous research has focused on the southern, urban parts of thecountry rather than the sparsely populated, forest dependent, northern interior. However, to increase the quality of livelihood inthese areas, an aesthetically attractive environment is an important component. This paper discusses the attitudes to aestheticalconsiderations among forest owners and consultants in the northern parts of Sweden. It raises questions such as: Whichconsiderations have been taken to aesthetical values in boreal forests? What policies lay behind and what was gained from theseconsiderations? What are the attitudes to forest aesthetics today and who will be responsible for the preservation and creationof aesthetical values in the future? The study has been conducted through a qualitative literary review of previous research andinterviews with present stakeholders. Preliminary results show that the societal interest in forest aesthetics is high, but policiesregulating these values have become more vague. There also seem to be a discrepancy between forest owner’s and consultant’sattitudes when discussing aesthetical considerations in boreal productive forests.

  • 42.
    Sténs, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Roberge, Jean-Michel
    Lofmarck, Erik
    Lindahl, Karin Beland
    Felton, Adam
    Widmark, Camilla
    Rist, Lucy
    Johansson, Johanna
    Nordin, Annika
    Nilsson, Urban
    Laudon, Hjalmar
    Ranius, Thomas
    From ecological knowledge to conservation policy: a case study on green tree retention and continuous-cover forestry in Sweden2019Ingår i: Biodiversity and Conservation, ISSN 0960-3115, E-ISSN 1572-9710, Vol. 28, nr 13, s. 3547-3574Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The extent to which scientific knowledge translates into practice is a pervasive question. We analysed to what extent and how ecological scientists gave input to policy for two approaches advocated for promoting forest biodiversity in production forests in Sweden: green-tree retention (GTR) and continuous-cover forestry (CCF). GTR was introduced into forest policy in the 1970s and became widely implemented in the 1990s. Ecological scientists took part in the policy process by providing expert opinions, educational activities and as lobbyists, long before research confirming the positive effects of GTR on biodiversity was produced. In contrast, CCF was essentially banned in forest legislation in 1979. In the 1990s, policy implicitly opened up for CCF implementation, but CCF still remains largely a rare silvicultural outlier. Scientific publications addressing CCF appeared earlier than GTR studies, but with less focus on the effects on biodiversity. Ecological scientists promoted CCF in certain areas, but knowledge from other disciplines and other socio-political factors appear to have been more important than ecological arguments in the case of CCF. The wide uptake of GTR was enhanced by its consistency with the silvicultural knowledge and normative values that forest managers had adopted for almost a century, whereas CCF challenged those ideas. Public pressure and institutional requirements were also key to GTR implementation but were not in place for CCF. Thus, scientific ecological knowledge may play an important role for policy uptake and development, but knowledge from other research disciplines and socio-political factors are also important.

  • 43.
    Sténs, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Allemansrätten: Hinder eller möjlighet för grönt entreprenörskap?2014Ingår i: Skogens sociala värden: Forskningen visar vägen / [ed] Susanna Lundqvist & Lena Johnson, Alnarp: Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet , 2014, 1, s. 52-61Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 44.
    Sténs, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Allemansrätten in Sweden: A resistant custom2014Ingår i: Landscapes, ISSN 2040-8153, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 106-118Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    By studying parliamentary proposals, debates, and reports as well as governmental inquiries and proposals from the first half of the twentieth century, the authors analyse the status of the allemansrätt – ‘every man’s right’ to public access - in Sweden. The founding principles of this use-right have been generally accepted since the late nineteenth century, but for almost as long there has been a feeling that it has been used (and abused) for commercial as well as personal interest, first by ‘for-profit’ berry harvesters and later on by tourist companies. These uses have been questioned by a minority of conservative and (to a less extent) liberal landowners, who have tried to limit the right of public access to private land by addressing the issue in the parliament. At the same time, a political majority of socialists, liberals, and conservatives has defended the right from being either limited or regulated by law. This resistance is explained by the economic characteristics of the resources at stake, and by the difficulties associated with transferring a customary right into law, i.e. an informal institution to a formal institution.

  • 45.
    Sténs, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Allemansrätten och bären: vem ska äga "skogens guld"2014Ingår i: Idéer och värderingar: rapport från Future Forests 2009-2012 / [ed] Erland Mårald och Christer Nordlund, Umeå: SLU, Future Forests , 2014, , s. 2s. 20-21Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 46.
    Sténs, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Divergent interests and ideas around property rights: the case of berry harvesting in Sweden2013Ingår i: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 33, s. 56-62Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper illustrates the clash between interests and ideas concerning property rights and regulation by analyzing the ongoing debate on the right of public access in Sweden, which has recently intensified due to an influx of foreign professional berry harvesters. The conflicts in Sweden are found to stem from contradictory concepts concerning property (notably, ownership and the right of public access) and ideological differences in terms of whether forest resources should be regulated by government or governance. While the precise circumstances of this case are somewhat unique to Sweden, differences of opinion concerning property rights and regulations are common and so our findings will be broadly applicable when defining and analyzing forest-related conflicts, especially those involving multiple-use situations.

  • 47.
    Wikström, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Problematising refugee migrants in the Swedish forestry sector2019Ingår i: Transfer - European Review of Labour and Research, ISSN 1024-2589, E-ISSN 1996-7284, Vol. 25, nr 1, s. 63-80Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, ideas behind current Swedish efforts to integrate refugees in ‘green’ industries are analysed. We ask why the employment of refugees in forestry, a sector historically and globally notorious for its abuse of migrant workers, has come to be regarded as a solution in official Swedish migration policy. A discourse analytical approach is applied, analysing what the arguments are for introducing refugees to forestry work and how the forest, as a space, is depicted and used discursively as a means for refugee integration. The sources for the analyses consist of articles appearing in the printed press from 2015 to 2017. Three main problem discourses are identified: the ‘labour shortage’ discourse, the ‘refugees in need of work’ discourse and the ‘forest as a health-promoting learning environment’ discourse. The hazardous aspects of forestry work or the fact that refugees might be overqualified for the jobs offered are generally left unproblematised.

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