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  • 1.
    Ericson Wolke, Lars
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Hägg, Christer
    Sjöblom, Ingvar
    Svenska sjöslag2009Book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Att föda en garnison: Ryska soldater på Åland under 1800-talet2012In: Mat och krig / [ed] Martin Skoog, Stockholm: Armemuseum , 2012, 1, p. 141-161Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Att förklara och förstå kriget i Finland 18082009In: Havet, minnet, slaget: Kriget 1808-09 / [ed] Joachim Mickwitz, Sagalunds museistiftelse , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Att förstå finska kriget utgång och konsekvenser ur ett svenskt perspektiv2008In: Suomen sota Keski-Pohjanmaalla 1808-1809 / [ed] Miska Sliden, Kokkolan Kaupunki/K.H. Renlundin Museo-Keski-Pohjanmaan maakuntamuseo , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Att tolka och förstå ett slag och dess betydelse: den svenskspråkiga historieforskningen och slaget vid Rilax den 27 juli 17142015In: Stor seger - litet nederlag?: perspektiv på sjöslaget vid Rilax 1714 / [ed] Nils Erik Villstrand & Kasper Westerlund, Åbo: Sjöhistoriska institutet vid Åbo Akademi , 2015, p. 121-131Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    De militärpolitiska konsekvenserna av freden 18092009In: Fredens konsekvenser: samhällsförändringar i norr efter 1809 / [ed] Lars Elenius, Patrik Lantto & Matti Enbuske, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet , 2009, p. 213-222Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Decline and consolidation: Sweden, the Napoleonic Wars and Geopolitical Restructuring in Northern Europe2015In: Napoleon's Empire: European Politics in Global context / [ed] Ute Planert, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, p. 200-213Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Den åländska fiskarkulturen2006In: Finsk tidskrift: Kultur-Ekonomi-Politik, ISSN 0015-248X, no 6Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Det storpolitiska läget inför riksdagen i Örebro 18122012In: Krig och fred: Örebro 1812 / [ed] Einar Lyth, Örebro: Örebro läns museum , 2012, p. 27-38Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Durchmarscher och kronoskjuts: Lokalbefolkningen och de militära transportproblemen under kriget 1808-091995In: Militärhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Fartyg i krigets tjänst - det skeppsägande bottniska borgerskapet och finska kriget 1808-092012In: Människan, arbetet och historien: en vänbok till professor Tom Ericsson / [ed] Anders Brändström & Svante Norrhem, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2012, p. 207-226Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Finska kriget 1808-092008In: 1809: Rikssprängning och begynnelse: 200-årsminnet av Finska kriget / [ed] Per Sandin, Stockholm: Livrustkammaren , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Finska kriget 1808-09: det civila samhällets och det militära underhållets betydelse2008In: Historielärarnas förenings årsskrift, ISSN 0439-2434Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Finska kriget 1808-09: krigsförlopp och förklaring2007In: Meddelande 66: armémuseum 2006 / [ed] Thomas Roth, Stockholm: Föreningen Armémusei vänner , 2007, p. 58-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Finska kriget 1808-09: orsaker, händelseförlopp och konsekvenser2008In: Fänrik Ståls sägner, Themis förlag , 2008, p. 291-315Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Finska kriget 1808-18092006Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken behandlar finska kriget 1808-1809. Arbetet tar sitt avstamp i kriget bakgrund i den europeiska storpolitiken. Den mest tydliga tesen som drivs är fråna om undrehållet avgörande betydelse. Kriget bestämdes av de båda arméernas förmåga att förflytta och underhålla sin soldater. Det civila samhällets roll i detta sammanhang lyft tydligt fram som en avgörande faktor i kriget. Boken tar även upp de poltiska förvecklingaran i Sverige och Finland.

  • 17.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Finska kriget 1808-1809: förhistoria, förlopp och konsekvenser ur ett geopolitiskt perspektiv2014In: Krig på sjö og land: Norden i Napoleonskrigene. Gundlovsjubileet 1814-2014 / [ed] Knut Arstad, Oslo: Forsvarsmuseet , 2014, p. 185-200Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Fänrik Ströms sägner: Finska kriget 1808-09 utifrån ett rekonstruerat människoöde2009In: Stormvindar: en bok om ödesåret 1809 / [ed] Ingvar von Malmborg, Stockholm: Riksarkivet , 2009, p. 194-213Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    För kung och fosterland?: – folkliga reaktioner i Finland och i andra delar av Europa under revolutions- och napoleonkrigen2012In: Svärdet, ordet och pennan: kring människa, makt och rum i nordisk historia : festskrift till Nils Erik Villstrand den 24 maj 2012 / [ed] Christer Kujava & Ann-Catrin Östman, Åbo: Historiska samfundet i Åbo , 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Gränsen till Finland kunde ha gått vid Kalixälven2008In: Populär historia, no 10Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Jean Baptiste Bernadotte: Napoleons försiktige marskalk2014In: Militär historia, ISSN 2000-3471, no 1, p. 14-22Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Kluvna lojaliteter?: ålänningarna och den ryska överhögheten under Krimkriget 1854-562004In: Historiens mångfald: presentation av pågående forskning vid Institutionen för historiska studier, Umeå universitet / [ed] Ann-Katrin Hatje, Umeå: Institutionen för historiska studier, Umeå universitet , 2004, p. 169-183Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Krigets och fredens relativa tillstånd: Ålänningarna och krigets och fredens villkor 1808-18562008In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, no 3, p. 389-410Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is often difficult to determine when war turns into peace. Peace is not estab- lished at an exact moment, but grows gradually out of a state of war. In times of peace, preparation for war can be so extensive that peace differs only marginally from war. Hence, the concept of war needs to be refined. The situation on the Åland Islands in the period 1808-1856 shows how the transition from peace to war was not an absolute phenomenon. In 1809, the islands were transferred from Sweden to Russia. To the islanders, the most noticeable consequence of their al- tered status was the annual quartering of Russian soldiers in their homes. At times, Russian troops were quartered in as many as 60 percent of the households on the islands. Soldiers stayed for months, sometimes for as long as ten months in a year. The quartering of soldiers never led to serious confrontations, but a bal- anced relationship could be maintained between the Russian military and the Ålanders. The islanders supplied the military with fuel and transports. The con- struction of the fortress at Bomarsund affected the islanders only indirectly, however. With the outbreak of the Crimean War the Ålanders were placed in a difficult situation. French and British troops captured and destroyed Fort Bomar- sund in the summer of 1854. The constitutional status of the islands was uncertain and the islanders suffered a crisis of loyalty. In 1856, Åland was demilitarised.

  • 24.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Lantvärnet vid Stockholmseskadern 1808 - en meningslös katastrof?2000In: Skärgårdsflottan: uppbyggnad, militär användning och förankring i det svenska samhället 1700-1824 / [ed] Hans Norman, Lund: Historiska media , 2000, p. 308-326Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Lars Rosander: Sveriges fältmarskalkar.2003In: Karolinska förbundets årsbok, ISSN 0348-9833Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Mellan lantvärn och allmän värnplikt: krigföring och rekrytering under Napoleonkrigen och besluten i Örebro 18122012In: Krig och fred: Örebro 1812 / [ed] Einar Lyth, Örebro: Örebro läns museum , 2012, p. 121-130Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Mellan öst och väst2014In: En samtidig världshistoria / [ed] Maria Sjöberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, p. 789-820Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Militärrevolten 1809 som process2007In: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 2Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Napoleon Bonaparte: fältherren som verkligheten hann ikapp2013In: Legendariska fältherrar: från Hannibal till Rommel / [ed] Anders Frankson oh Andreas Nyberg, Stockholm: Semic , 2013, p. 127-142Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 30.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Narva 1700 "Yksi kymmentä vastaan"2007In: Suomalaisten taistelut, Tammi, Helsingfors , 2007Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 31.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nils Erik Forsgård. September, 1808.: A month that sealed Finlands's fate2009In: Balitic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 60-61Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    När Europa vände blad2015Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 33.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Om krigets förutsättningar: Den militära underhållsproblematiken och det civila samhället i norra Sverige och Finland under Finska kriget 1808-092002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Finnish War 1808-1809 started in February 1808 by a Russian attack on Finland and ended by the peace treaty of Fredrikshamn in September 1809. The peace meant the dissolution of the six-hundred-year old Swedish-Finnish realm. The Finnish War 1808-09 was fought in the poor and isolated areas of the north of Sweden and Finland.

    This thesis deals with the preconditions for the supply of an army and warfare in the northern parts of Finland and Sweden in the period 1808 – 1809. The problems of the supply service and the role of local civilian society within the military supply system are the focus of attention. The thesis aims at posing new questions as well as supplying a new perspective on the nature of warfare at this period of time. A modified picture of the Finnish War of 1808-1809 will also be presented. Three areas of problems are addressed: 1) The resources in the war zone, war plans and supply organization; 2) Logistical problems; 3) The role of civilian society as a resource within the military supply system. Both the Swedish Army and the Russian Army are examined. Geographically the scope of the thesis is restricted to three counties in northern Sweden and Finland, namely Västerbotten in Sweden, Oulu and Vaasa in Finland.

    The most significant findings of this thesis are that the preconditions for supply during the Finnish War 1808-1809 are to a large extent equal to the ability and the will of the local population to offer provisions and render services. It can also be shown that supply was instrumental in the warfare during certain critical periods, especially in the summer of 1808. The difference between the Russian and the Swedish supply systems is to a large extent indicative of the outcome of the war. The Russian decentralized supply system proved more flexible than the Swedish did, despite an apparently superior organization of the latter. Additionally, it is an important realization that supply as a key factor in warfare is not made up of just delivery of food stuff and forage but also comprises vital functions like grinding of flour and baking of bread. From a European perspective the issue of supply proves to be a difficult one in Finland as well as in other peripheral states, e.g. Spain. When the local resources are sparse a supply system based on storage is required on the one hand and systematic co-operation with the local population on the other.

    Keywords: The Finnish War 1808-09, logistics, war and society, war, supplies, military supply system, artels, farmers, civilian administration, burghers, Sweden and the Napoleonic Wars.

  • 34.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Omvälvningarnas tid: Norden och Europa under revolutions- och Napoleonkrigen2010Book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Oravainen 1808 "Mi voitosta teki tappion"2007In: Suomalaisten taistelut, Tammi, Helsingfors , 2007Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 36.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Past and present: geopolitical perspective on Swedish and Finnish foreign policy and military planning2016In: Finland and Sweden - partners with a mutual interest? / [ed] Kurt Almqvist och Mattias Hessérus, Stockholm: Axel and Margaret Ax:son Johnson Foundation , 2016, p. 35-45Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Preconditions of war: – logistics, civilian society and the consequences of war during the period of the Napoleonic Wars2008In: Military conflicts and civil population: total wars, limited wars, asymmetrical wars vol 1, 2008, p. 236-241Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Prolog2008In: "De oändeligt förbannade sluparna-": episoder från sjöstriderna mot Ryssland 1808-1809 / [ed] Olle Malmqvist & Irene Welander Larsson, Karlskrona: Statens maritima muséer , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Ruotsinsalmi 1790 Uhkayritys2007In: Suomalaisten taistelut, 2007Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 40.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Ryska kriget 1788-90 och Finska kriget 1808-09 - aspekter på sjötransporternas betydelse2007In: Forsvarsmuseets småskrifter, ISSN 08005249, Vol. 43Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sjötransporterna under krigen i Finland 1788-90 och 1808-09 har ofta fått en mycket liten plats i historieskrivningen. I artiklen lyfts sjötransporternas betydelsefulla roll fram. Sjötransporterna var avgörnade för de svenska arméernas underhåll under de båda krigen.

  • 41.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Ryssland på frammarsch2014Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 42.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies. Historia.
    Sjötransporter och skärgårdskrig: - avgörande faktorer i Finland 18082007In: Skärgård, ISSN 0356-9381, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 10-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 43.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Slaget vid Oravais2008In: Populär historia, no 8Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 44.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Suomen sota 1808-18092007Book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sveaborgs fall 18082008In: Populär historia, no 2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 46.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sveaborgs kapitulation 1808: - ett moralhistoriskt problems egentliga betydelse2008In: Finsk tidskrift, ISSN 0015-248X, no 2-3Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The Finnish War of 1808-1809 in Context: Warfare, Logistsics and Civilan Society2011In: 1809 und die Folgen: Finnland zwischen Schweden, Russland und Deutschland / [ed] Jan Hecker-Stampehl, 2011, p. 24-56Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Uppfattningar om andra världskrigets historia: svar till Lennart Andersson Palm2015In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 135, no 4, p. 655-659Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Viapori 1808 Kohtalokas kavallus2007In: Suomalaisten taistelut, 2007Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 50.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    What is Military History?2008In: European Review of History, ISSN 1350-7486, E-ISSN 1469-8293, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 104-106Article, book review (Other academic)
12 1 - 50 of 51
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