umu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
Avgränsa sökresultatet
1 - 5 av 5
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Träffar per sida
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
Markera
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 1. Carsin, Anne-Elie
    et al.
    Fuertes, Elaine
    Schaffner, Emmanuel
    Jarvis, Debbie
    Antó, Josep M.
    Heinrich, Joachim
    Bellisario, Valeria
    Svanes, Cecilie
    Keidel, Dirk
    Imboden, Medea
    Weyler, Joost
    Nowak, Dennis
    Martinez-Moratalla, Jesus
    Gullón, José-Antonio
    Sanchez Ramos, José Luis
    Caviezel, Seraina
    Beckmeyer-Borowko, Anna
    Raherison, Chantal
    Pin, Isabelle
    Demoly, Pascal
    Cerveri, Isa
    Accordini, Simone
    Gislason, Thorarinn
    Toren, Kjell
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Goteburg, Sweden..
    Forsberg, Bertil
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Yrkes- och miljömedicin.
    Janson, Christer
    Department of Medical Sciences, Respiratory, Allergy and Sleep Research, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Jogi, Rain
    Emtner, Margareta
    Gómez Real, Francisco
    Raza, Wasif
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Yrkes- och miljömedicin.
    Leynaert, Bénédicte
    Pascual, Silvia
    Guerra, Stefano
    Dharmage, Shyamali C.
    Probst-Hensch, Nicole
    Garcia-Aymerich, Judith
    Restrictive spirometry pattern is associated with low physical activity levels: A population based international study2019Ingår i: Respiratory Medicine, ISSN 0954-6111, E-ISSN 1532-3064, Vol. 146, s. 116-123Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Restrictive spirometry pattern is an under-recognised disorder with a poor morbidity and mortality prognosis. We compared physical activity levels between adults with a restrictive spirometry pattern and with normal spirometry.

    Methods: Restrictive spirometry pattern was defined as a having post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC ≥ Lower Limit of Normal and a FVC<80% predicted in two population-based studies (ECRHS-III and SAPALDIA3). Physical activity was measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. The odds of having low physical activity (<1st study-specific tertile) was evaluated using adjusted logistic regression models.

    Results: Subjects with a restrictive spirometry pattern (n = 280/4721 in ECRHS, n = 143/3570 in SAPALDIA) reported lower levels of physical activity than those with normal spirometry (median of 1770 vs 2253 MET·min/week in ECRHS, and 3519 vs 3945 MET·min/week in SAPALDIA). Subjects with a restrictive spirometry pattern were more likely to report low physical activity (meta-analysis odds ratio: 1.41 [95%CI 1.07–1.86]) than those with a normal spirometry. Obesity, respiratory symptoms, co-morbidities and previous physical activity levels did not fully explain this finding.

    Conclusion: Adults with a restrictive spirometry pattern were more likely to report low levels of physical activity than those with normal spirometry. These results highlight the need to identify and act on this understudied but prevalent condition.

  • 2. Fuertes, Elaine
    et al.
    Carsin, Anne-Elie
    Antó, Josep M.
    Bono, Roberto
    Corsico, Angelo Guido
    Demoly, Pascal
    Gislason, Thorarinn
    Gullón, José-Antonio
    Janson, Christer
    Jarvis, Deborah
    Heinrich, Joachim
    Holm, Mathias
    Leynaert, Bénédicte
    Marcon, Alessandro
    Martinez-Moratalla, Jesús
    Nowak, Dennis
    Erquicia, Silvia Pascual
    Probst-Hensch, Nicole M.
    Raherison, Chantal
    Raza, Wasif
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Yrkes- och miljömedicin.
    Real, Francisco Gómez
    Russell, Melissa
    Sánchez-Ramos, José Luis
    Weyler, Joost
    Aymerich, Judith Garcia
    Leisure-time vigorous physical activity is associated with better lung function: the prospective ECRHS study2018Ingår i: Thorax, ISSN 0040-6376, E-ISSN 1468-3296, Vol. 73, nr 4, s. 376-384Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: We assessed associations between physical activity and lung function, and its decline, in the prospective population-based European Community Respiratory Health Survey cohort. Methods: FEV1 and FVC were measured in 3912 participants at 27-57 years and 39-67 years (mean time between examinations= 11.1 years). Physical activity frequency and duration were assessed using questionnaires and used to identify active individuals (physical activity >= 2 times and >= 1 hour per week) at each examination. Adjusted mixed linear regression models assessed associations of regular physical activity with FEV1 and FVC. Results: Physical activity frequency and duration increased over the study period. In adjusted models, active individuals at the first examination had higher FEV1 (43.6 mL (95% CI 12.0 to 75.1)) and FVC (53.9 mL (95% CI 17.8 to 89.9)) at both examinations than their non-active counterparts. These associations appeared restricted to current smokers. In the whole population, FEV1 and FVC were higher among those who changed from inactive to active during the follow-up (38.0 mL (95% CI 15.8 to 60.3) and 54.2 mL (95% CI 25.1 to 83.3), respectively) and who were consistently active, compared with those consistently non-active. No associations were found for lung function decline. Conclusion: Leisure-time vigorous physical activity was associated with higher FEV1 and FVC over a 10-year period among current smokers, but not with FEV1 and FVC decline.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Raza, Wasif
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Yrkes- och miljömedicin.
    Forsberg, Bertil
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Yrkes- och miljömedicin.
    Johansson, Christer
    Nilsson Sommar, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Yrkes- och miljömedicin.
    Air pollution as a risk factor in health impact assessments of a travel mode shift towards cycling2018Ingår i: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 11, nr 1, artikel-id 1429081Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Promotion of active commuting provides substantial health and environmental benefits by influencing air pollution, physical activity, accidents, and noise. However, studies evaluating intervention and policies on a mode shift from motorized transport to cycling have estimated health impacts with varying validity and precision.

    OBJECTIVE: To review and discuss the estimation of air pollution exposure and its impacts in health impact assessment studies of a shift in transport from cars to bicycles in order to guide future assessments.

    METHODS: A systematic database search of PubMed was done primarily for articles published from January 2000 to May 2016 according to PRISMA guidelines.

    RESULTS: We identified 18 studies of health impact assessment of change in transport mode. Most studies investigated future hypothetical scenarios of increased cycling. The impact on the general population was estimated using a comparative risk assessment approach in the majority of these studies, whereas some used previously published cost estimates. Air pollution exposure during cycling was estimated based on the ventilation rate, the pollutant concentration, and the trip duration. Most studies employed exposure-response functions from studies comparing background levels of fine particles between cities to estimate the health impacts of local traffic emissions. The effect of air pollution associated with increased cycling contributed small health benefits for the general population, and also only slightly increased risks associated with fine particle exposure among those who shifted to cycling. However, studies calculating health impacts based on exposure-response functions for ozone, black carbon or nitrogen oxides found larger effects attributed to changes in air pollution exposure.

    CONCLUSION: A large discrepancy between studies was observed due to different health impact assessment approaches, different assumptions for calculation of inhaled dose and different selection of dose-response functions. This kind of assessments would improve from more holistic approaches using more specific exposure-response functions.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 4. Russell, M.
    et al.
    Janson, C.
    Real, F.
    Johannessen, A.
    Waatevik, M.
    Benediktsdottir, B.
    Holm, M.
    Lindberg, E.
    Schlunssen, V
    Raza, Wasif
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Yrkes- och miljömedicin.
    Svanes, C.
    Dharmage, S.
    Physical activity and the association with asthma and wheeze in the respiratory health in northern Europe (rhine) study2015Ingår i: Respirology (Carlton South. Print), ISSN 1323-7799, E-ISSN 1440-1843, Vol. 20, s. 53-53Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 5. Russell, Melissa A.
    et al.
    Janson, Christer
    Gomez Real, Francisco
    Johannessen, Ane
    Waatevik, Marie
    Benediktsdottir, Bryndis
    Holm, Mathias
    Lindberg, Eva
    Schlünssen, Vivi
    Raza, Wasif
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Yrkes- och miljömedicin.
    Dharmage, Shyamali C.
    Svanes, Cecilie
    Physical activity and asthma: a longitudinal and multi-country study2017Ingår i: Journal of Asthma, ISSN 0277-0903, E-ISSN 1532-4303, Vol. 54, nr 9, s. 938-945Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To investigate the impact of physical activity on asthma in middle-aged adults, in one longitudinal analysis, and one multi-centre cross-sectional analysis.

    Methods: The Respiratory Health in Northern Europe (RHINE) is a population-based postal questionnaire cohort study. Physical activity, height and weight were self-reported in Bergen, Norway, at RHINE II (1999–2001) and all centres at RHINE III (2010–2012). A longitudinal analysis of Bergen data investigated the association of baseline physical activity with follow-up asthma, incident asthma and symptoms, using logistic and zero-inflated Poisson regression (n = 1782). A cross-sectional analysis of all RHINE III centres investigated the association of physical activity with concurrent asthma and symptoms (n = 13,542) using mixed-effects models. Body mass index (BMI) was categorised (&lt;20, 20–24.99, 25–29.99, 30+ kg/m2) and physical activity grouped by amount and frequency of lighter (no sweating/heavy breathing) and vigorous (sweating/heavy breathing) activity.

    Results: In the Bergen longitudinal analysis, undertaking light activity 3+ times/week at baseline was associated with less follow-up asthma (odds ratio [OR] 0.44, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.22, 0.89), whilst an effect from undertaking vigorous activity 3+ times/week was not detected (OR 1.22, 95% CI 0.44, 2.76). The associations were attenuated with BMI adjustment. In the all-centre cross-sectional analysis an interaction was found, with the association between physical activity and asthma varying across BMI categories.

    Conclusion: These findings suggest potential longer-term benefit from lighter physical activity, whilst improvement in asthma outcomes from increasing activity intensity was not evident. Additionally, it appears the benefit from physical activity may differ according to BMI.

1 - 5 av 5
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf