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  • 1.
    Andersson, Ewa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Educational Measurement.
    En forskarutbildningsbarometer för Umeå universitet.: Ett underlag för att utveckla fakultetsövergripande instrument för mätning av doktoranders och forskarhandledares syn på forskarutbildningen2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    A number of studies have been conducted in Sweden on the issue of postgraduate studies. However, the point of departure has mainly been the view of the postgraduate students. Few investigations have been conducted from the perspective of the supervisors. The main purpose of this study was to present a model for development of a program for assessment of postgraduate studies at Umeå University. The model suggested a questionnaire should be developed and distributed to postgraduate students and supervisors in all the faculties at the university. The questionnaires should focus on selected aspects considered to be essential, in order to reach a deeper understanding of interacting and under laying mechanisms as obstacles for success in postgraduate studies. The selected aspects are: The relation between the postgraduate student and the supervisor, the surrounding working climate, and the information and introduction given to the postgraduate students. Nevertheless, a number of theoretical and practical issues are to be considered before a program for assessment of postgraduate studies is to be implemented. A recommendation is made for how to design such a program.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Ewa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Educational Measurement.
    Högskolestudenters syn på högskoleprovet och strategier för att antas till högre utbildning2005In: Pedagogisk forskning i Sverige, ISSN 1401-6788, E-ISSN 2001-3345, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 81-98Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Utifrån en rad perspektiv är det angeläget att antagningssystemet och de instrument som används för urval till högre utbildning har legitimitet hos systemets avnämare. Den undersökning som redovisas har genomförts inom ramen för VALUTAprojektet (Validering av den högre utbildningens antagningssystem). Syftet är att belysa antagningssystemets konsekvenser ur ett avnämarperspektiv genom att undersöka hur olika grupper av högskolestudenter ser på högskoleprovets relevans som urvalsprov samt om de studerande använt sig av strategier, i form av upprepat provdeltagande och komplettering av gymnasiebetyg. Huvudresultaten visar, oberoende av utbildning, kön och social bakgrund, att det delprov som anses vara det mest relevanta är LÄS medan det minst relevanta delprovet är ORD. Vidare att de studerande genomfört och upprepat högskoleprovet samt kompletterat sina gymnasiebetyg, men att dessa strategier använts på olika sätt av olika studerandegrupper vilket är relaterat till utbildning, kön och social bakgrund.

  • 3.
    Andersson, Ewa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Who is a successful student from the perspective of university teachers in two departments?2003In: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170, ISSN 0031-3831, Vol. 47, no 5, p. 543-559Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Andersson, Ewa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Grysell, Tomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Nöjd, klar och duktig: Studenter på fem utbildningar om studieframgång2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis addresses the significance of the concept of study success in higher education from the perspective of students at five university programs; Business Administration and Economics, Engineering Physics, Medical Education, Social Work and Teacher Education for Upper Secondary Level. The thesis is based on data from three studies conducted between, spring 1993 and autumn 1996. A questionnaire was distributed to all the students enrolled in autumn 1992 to the five programs, regarding students' paths to the university, how they perceived their university studies, and their plans for the future. Fifty-nine of the students were then selected from the five university programs and interviewed on two different occasions. The first interview, conducted mainly during the autumn term of 1993, focused on the respondent's path to the university studies and on different aspects of their lives as students. For a majority of the students, the second interview was conducted about one year later. This interview focused on how the students perceived study success: what was considered to be a good study result, and the characteristics of successful and unsuccessful students. The students were also asked to describe an occasion when they felt successful and unsuccessful, respectively. The results indicate that there is little congruence between the students' perception of study success and that expressed in many public reforms and policies in Sweden. Furthermore, there are both similarities and differences in students' views across the programs. The students at the five programs seemed to relate study success mainly to aspects of Achievement, Process/Strategy, and Comprehension, while aspects related to Personal Growth or Future/Occupation were rarely mentioned. When comparing students' views in the five university programs, the results indicate that an Achievement oriented view dominated among the students in Business Administration and Economics, and Engineering Physics. The students in Engineering Physics and Social Work were more oriented towards Process or Strategy aspects of study success than the students in the other programs. Personal Growth was emphasised as an important aspect only by the Social Work students. Furthermore, students in Social Work and Medical Education were more oriented towards Comprehension than the others. The students in Medical Education and Teacher Education related study success to Future/Occupation to a higher degree that the others. The views on study success seem mainly to be related to aspects in the learning environment, in particular the way the university studies are organised, the examination and grading system, and the contact with the profession. Different recruitment patterns, and the impact of upper secondary education may also be of importance. Influences from the students' prior experiences and their life outside their studies cannot be excluded. Furthermore, the results indicate gender differences. The women seem to view study success in terms of Comprehension, while the men are more oriented towards Achievement. An additional analysis within the categories indicated that the male students seemed to be more self-confident and self-reliant while the female students expressed a more pessimistic view. Furthermore, while the male students view an unsuccessful student only in relation to the individual in question, the female students' view involved the negative consequences of the student's behaviour for other people.

  • 5.
    Andersson, Ewa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Educational Measurement.
    Wolming, Simon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Educational Measurement.
    Högskoleprovet som prognosinstrument1996In: Högskoleprovet. Genom elva forskares ögon, Högskoleverket, Stockholm , 1996, p. 70-81Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Bylund, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Rolfsman, Ewa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Injuries before and after the implementation of traffic safety countermeasures: a case study of a pedestrian and bicycle bridge2013In: Safety Science Monitor, ISSN 1443-8844, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 5-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The implementation of community injury prevention programs in order to reduce injuries caused by road traffic incidents has been a public health priority for many years. The purpose of this case-study was to investigate whether the implementation of traffic safety countermeasures on a bridge for bicyclists and pedestrians was effective in reducing the number and severity of injuries. The study was based on data from the injury database at the University Hospital of Umeå and includes data from 74 injured persons. Injury incidence, injury severity and the circumstances associated with injury incidences are reported. There was an increase in the incidence of both moderate and more serious injuries, such as brain injuries and fractures of upper extremities, after the safety countermeasures were put in place. Falls due to overturning with the bicycle dominated among single crashes. Collisions and crashes caused by giving way to pedestrians or other bicyclists were the most common types of crash. The main finding is that the modification of the bridge, which aimed to reduce injuries, has not been successful, in particular with reference to the incidence of severe injuries.

  • 7.
    Eklöf, Hanna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Educational Measurement.
    Andersson, Ewa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Educational Measurement.
    Wikström, Christina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Educational Measurement.
    The concept of accountability in education: Does the Swedish school system apply?2009In: Cadmo, ISSN 1122-5165, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 55-66Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Gyllencreutz, Lina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Björnstig, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Rolfsman, Ewa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Outdoor pedestrian fall-related injuries among Swedish senior citizens: injuries and preventive strategies2015In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 225-233Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Senior citizens get around, to a large extent, as pedestrians, and safe walking is desirable for senior citizens allowing them to stay mobile, independent and healthy in old age. Senior citizens are over-represented in injury statistics, and fall-related injuries are common. The aim of this study was to investigate fall-related injuries including healthcare costs among senior citizen pedestrians injured when walking in public outdoor environments and to describe their self-reported causes and suggested preventive strategies. The data were based on a combination of information from injury data and a questionnaire. Three hundred senior citizens attended one emergency department after sustaining injuries from pedestrian falls; 60% suffered nonminor injuries, mostly fractures. One-fifth of the pedestrians were hospitalised for an average of 8 days with an indirect hospital cost of 6.2 million EUR (55 million SEK). Environmental factors such as ice were the most commonly described cause of the injury incident. Forty per cent of the respondents indicated that the municipality was responsible for the cause of the injury incident. Fewer respondents mentioned their own responsibility as a preventive strategy. Thirty per cent described a combination of improvements such as better road maintenance, changes in human behaviour and use of safety products as preventive strategies. It is of great importance to highlight general safety, products and preventive strategies to minimise injury risks, so that pedestrians can safely realise the known health benefits of walking and thereby limit healthcare costs.

  • 9.
    Gyllencreutz, Lina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Rolfsman, Ewa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Frånberg, Gun-Marie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Approve or disapprove risky outdoor play among school children: a field studyManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Gyllencreutz, Lina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Rolfsman, Ewa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Frånberg, Gun-Marie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Injury risks during outdoor play among Swedish schoolchildren: teachers' perceptions and injury preventive practices2020In: Education 3-13, ISSN 0300-4279, E-ISSN 1475-7575, Vol. 48, no 1, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Approximately 36,000 Swedish children seek medical care annually because of injuries during school time. The purpose of this field study is to investigate risky outdoor play at the school yard and to describe teachers’ perceptions of risk and safety in relation to learning and development. The study includes observations of children (6–12 years old) during outdoor activities as part of the school’s activities and includes focus-group interviews with teachers and children. Children were seen climbing high in play facilities, speeding down slides, or competing with sticks in the woods. Different views of risk and safety among the participants influence outdoor play activities. Teachers’ knowledge of risk seems to be derived from common sense and personal experiences rather than from a professional perspective. A joint approach of educational and medicine disciplines is desirable when it comes to children’s health and development.

  • 11.
    Gyllencreutz, Lina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Rolfsman, Ewa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Non-minor injuries among children sustained in an outdoor environment: a retrospective register study2015In: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, ISSN 1745-7300, E-ISSN 1745-7319, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 3-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to investigate non-minor injuries sustained during outdoor activities among 0-12 year old children and to explore self-reported circumstances surrounding these incidents. During 2007-2009, the Umea University Hospital injury database (IDB) registered 795 children with moderate (n = 778) and serious (n = 17) injuries, such as fractures. The IDB includes data from a questionnaire completed in the emergency department by the injured child or a parent. The open-ended questions catch the injured child's description of what circumstances precede the injury incident. The most commonly reported activities contributing to injuries were play, sport, and transport. Surface impacts were also reported as contributing factors along with products such as trampolines, bicycles, and downhill skis. By achieving a deeper knowledge about the activities and circumstances that precede non-minor injury incidents, creating safer outdoor environments may be feasible.

  • 12.
    Hanberger, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Bylund, Per-Olof
    Lundström, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Mårald, Gunilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Rolfsman, Ewa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Säkerhetsarbetets relevans och effekter: slutrapport från ett femårigt forskningsprogram2013Report (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Laukaityte, Inga
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics.
    Rolfsman, Ewa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Low-, Medium-, and High-performing Schools in the Nordic Countries: student Performance at PISA Mathematics 2003-2012Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Decreasing performance among students in Sweden on international comparative studies and increasing segregation of schools, has led to a debate concerning strategies for improving student performance. The aim of this study is to analyse the between school variance and to identify factors associated with student performance in PISA in mathematics at different performance levels in the Nordic countries. In order to separate the effect of school-level variables, from the effect of student’s background factors and to take care of the multistage sampling design used in PISA, multilevel analysis was used. The results show that no evidence regarding the relationship between the average student performance in mathematics and the between-school variance was found which, is in contrast to previous studies conducted on science performance in PISA. Regarding school-level factors, our results overall have shown that few school-level factors (having a positive or a negative effect) seemed to be associated with performance. School-level factors associated with performance have mainly been identified among low- and medium-performing schools, and to a less extent among students at high-performing schools (only in Sweden and Denmark). This is a result which is in line with other studies showing the educational system’s incapacity to provide support for high-performing students and to enhance their learning.

  • 14.
    Laukaityte, Inga
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Rolfsman, Ewa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Low, medium, and high-performing schools in the Nordic countries. Student performance at PISA Mathematics 2003-20122020In: Education Inquiry, ISSN 2000-4508, E-ISSN 2000-4508Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Decreasing performance in several core subjects among students in Sweden and the increasing segregation of schools are urgent issues in relation to equity in education, which has been a long-term goal in Sweden. The aim of this study is to identify factors in the school environment associated with student performance in PISA in mathematics at different performance levels in the Nordic countries. In order to separate the effects of school-level variables from the effects of student background factors, and to deal with the multistage sampling design used in PISA, multilevel analysis was used in this exploratory study. Based on data from PISA 2003 and 2012, which are the most recent assessments with a focus on mathematics, results have shown that a few school-level factors seemed to be associated with student success, and then mainly among low and medium-performing schools. Overall, school-level factors associated with success (or lack of it) partially differ between countries and over the years. These results have implications for educational professionals since some of the school-level factors identified inhibit potential for change.

  • 15.
    Lindblad, Michael
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Lundahl, Lisbeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Rolfsman, Ewa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Holm, Ann-Sofie
    Framtiden i sikte: Skolans stöd för ungas karriärlärande2020 (ed. 1:1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att navigera bland olika framtidsvägar är en avancerad uppgift för en tonåring, och detta blir extra tydligt i samband med gymnasievalet i nian. Valet rör i praktiken inte bara kommande utbildning utan också ett yrkes- och vuxenliv som ungdomarna blir del av först långt senare. I dag finns det dessutom ett rikhaltigt utbud av gymnasieskolor och gymnasieprogram som ofta är svårt att överblicka. Framtiden i sikte bygger på forskningsprojektet Lära för karriärvalet och handlar om stödet – såsom undervisning, vägledning och praktik – till grundskolans elever för att de ska göra välunderbyggda framtidsval. Boken betonar lärandeaspekterna av sådant stöd. Den analyserar hur skolans rektorer, lärare och vägledare arbetar med dessa frågor och vilka aktörer utanför skolan som engagerar sig. En central aspekt i boken gäller vilket innehåll som förmedlas till eleverna och vilka förutsättningar som ges för ett mer varaktigt lärande. Boken tar slutligen upp elevernas uppfattningar om vilket stöd de skulle behöva för framtidsvalen, och vilket stöd de faktiskt får.

  • 16.
    Lyrén, Per-Erik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Rolfsman, Ewa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Wedman, Jonathan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Wikström, Christina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Wikström, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics.
    Det nya högskoleprovet: samband mellan provresultat och prestation i högskolan2014Report (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Olofsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Child and Youth education, Special Education and Counselling.
    Lundahl, Lisbeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Child and Youth education, Special Education and Counselling.
    Lexelius, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Educational Measurement.
    Rolfsman, Ewa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Östh, John
    Kulturgeografiska institutionen, Uppsala Universitet.
    Ungas övergångar mellan skola och arbete: förutsättningar, lokala strategier och åtgärder2012Report (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Pakbaz, Mojgan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynecology.
    Rolfsman, Ewa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Löfgren, Mats
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynecology.
    Are women adequately informed before gynaecological surgery?2017In: BMC Women's Health, ISSN 1472-6874, E-ISSN 1472-6874, Vol. 17, no 1, article id 68Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Surgery for pelvic organ prolapse, urinary incontinence, and hysterectomy are the most common gynaecological surgeries that can affect the function of the bladder and bowel as well as one's sexual life. There is evidence that adequate patient information given preoperatively regarding expected outcomes of surgery is important because well-informed patients are more satisfied with the results of surgery and recover faster. However, there is little known about the amount and quality of information given to women before surgery. This study investigates whether women received information before gynaecological surgery on the effect of surgery with respect to the functioning of the bladder (micturition, ability to stay continent) and the bowel (empty bowel) as well as the surgery's effect on sexual functioning.

    METHODS: A prospective, cross-sectional study was conducted. Women undergoing hysterectomy, surgery for vaginal prolapse, or surgery for urinary incontinence (n = 972) and included in the Swedish National Register for Gynaecological Surgery participated in the study. A questionnaire was developed and distributed to the women along with the preoperative questionnaire from the register.

    RESULTS: About 50% of the women undergoing prolapse surgery were supplied with information regarding the effect of the surgery with respect to remaining continent, to emptying bowels, micturitaion, and sexual life. One out of four women undergoing hysterectomy received information about the effect of the surgery on the sexual life and bladder function. In the incontinence group, the given information about the surgery's effect on bladder function and sexual function was 80 and 30%, respectively.

    CONCLUSION: Surgery in the vagina and the genital organs may affect function of the organs close to the surgical area (i.e., bladder and bowel) and may affect sexual function. According to this study, women are inadequately informed before surgery. Access to information via oral and written counselling needs to be improved.

  • 19.
    Pakbaz, Mojgan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Rolfsman, Ewa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Mogren, Ingrid
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Löfgren, Mats
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Vaginal prolapse: perceptions and healthcare-seeking behaviour among women prior to gynecological surgery2011In: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412, Vol. 90, no 10, p. 1115-1120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. To investigate perceptions of vaginal prolapse and healthcare-seeking behavior in women prior to gynecological surgery. Design. Prospective, cross-sectional study using a web-based questionnaire. Setting. Clinics including patients in the Swedish National Register for Gynecological Surgery (Gynop-register). Population. 214 women with vaginal prolapse and 347 women without prolapse as reference patients. Methods. A questionnaire was developed for assessment of women's perception of prolapse and their healthcare-seeking behavior. Data were collected through the Gynop-register. For comparisons between the study groups, Student's t-test and the chi-squared test were used. Main outcome measures. Perceptions of prolapse, healthcare-seeking behavior, and source of information. Results. The most common definition of prolapse reported by the women was presence of a vaginal bulge. Reasons for seeking healthcare were interference with physical activity and increasing symptoms. One in five women with prolapse could not relate the symptoms to prolapse. Participants in the prolapse group gained less information on their own condition from brochures and public media compared to participants in the reference group ( p<0.001). Conclusion. There appeared to be a lack of information on pelvic organ prolapse in the public domain. Healthcare professionals have a significant role to play in informing women about symptoms related to the condition and the available treatment options. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

  • 20.
    Rolfsman, Ewa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Bylund, Per-Olof
    Emergency and Disaster Medical Center, Umeå University Hospital, Sweden.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Single injury incidents among pedestrians and biscyclists in northern Sweden: safety and preventive issues2012In: Safety Science Monitor, ISSN 1443-8844, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 5-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Every year, in Sweden, more than 4,000 people require inpatient care for single injury incidents obtained while walking or bicycling in a traffic environment. The aim of this study is to describe causes of single injury incidents among pedestrians and bicyclists and to identify preventive strategies. The study is based on data from the injury registration database at the University Hospital in Umeå and from a complementary questionnaire containing questions regarding the causes of injury and preventive strategies. The questionnaire was distributed to all pedestrians and bicyclists injured in single incidents in a city in northern Sweden and who had visited the hospital in 2009 because of those injuries. The data set is comprised of medical data for all 367 patients (244 pedestrian and 123 bicyclists) who responded to the questionnaire. The results from this study show that the pedestrians and bicyclists differ in their reports regarding causes of their injuries and the differences seem to be related to injury severity. The pedestrians mainly referred to environmental factors as causes to their injuries, while the bicyclists referred to environmental factors, product factors, and human factors as causes of the injury incident. Regarding preventive strategies, the views of the pedestrians and the bicyclists is in line with their views of causes to their injuries. The results are useful for developing preventive strategies for differing groups of road users.

  • 21.
    Rolfsman, Ewa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Wiberg, Marie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics.
    Laukaityte, Inga
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics.
    School effectiveness in the Nordic countries in relation to PISA and TIMSS2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a Nordic perspective, the finish students overall achieve the highest score on PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment), while the Swedish students exhibit declining results. The results of the Swedish students have drawn attention to the quality of education and the role of the educational professionals and the efficiency of the school. It is therefore of vital importance to investigate whether these results can be related to school level factors in a Nordic perspective. However, TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study) and PISA exhibit similarities as well as differences as they target different subjects. In addition, the results on TIMSS and PISA differ between countries. The aim of this study is to investigate whether school level factors can contribute to the explanation of the results for the Nordic countries participating in PISA 2009 and, if so, identify factors that can be influenced in order to enhance students’ achievement. We focus on school effectiveness in relation to PISA, since all Nordic countries participate in PISA. However, the results are contrasted to results from TIMSS for Sweden and Norway. In order to separate the effect of school level variables from the effect of student’s home environment and to take care of the sampling design used in TIMSS and PISA, multilevel analysis was used. The results show that only a few school level factors were significant, and only in Sweden and Finland. Furthermore, school level factors in Sweden and Norway on PISA differ from school level factors based on TIMSS data.

  • 22.
    Wiberg, Marie
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics.
    Rolfsman, Ewa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Nordic Students’ Achievement and School Effectiveness in TIMSS 20152019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The effectiveness of schools is often defined by students’ success in core subjectsand a basic assumption within this research field is that students’ success arerelated to school factors, which can be categorized into context and climatevariables. A key actor is the principal, since he or she is ultimately responsible forthe school and thereby ultimately the students’ success. The overall aim of thisstudy was to identify factors in the school environment that are associated withstudents’ mathematics achievement in the Nordic countries. We focused onSweden and Norway and compared them as they both participated in TIMSS 2015.Effective schools were identified by using average mathematics achievement andconstructed regression models with the student factors and variables as covariates.Schools were regarded as high effective if they were in the top third in theircountry in mathematics achievement, mid effective if they were in the middlethird, and low effective if they were in the bottom third in their country. Schoolfactors were constructed based on the school questionnaire answered by theprincipals. Multilevel analysis was used to separate the school effects from thestudents’ home background. The overall results indicate that few school factorsassociated with student success were found, in particular in Sweden where schoolfactors of importance are mainly related to the student body regardless of thedifferent school types, i.e. low- mid- or high-effective school. School factors ofimportance for student success in Norway, appear mainly to be related to theschool climate. The finding for Sweden is in line with previous studies. However,this is a result that require some thoughts, in the light of the recent development in Sweden regarding the rise of the school segregation and the Swedish long-termgoal of encounter threats to individuals, equal opportunities and access toeducation and future plans on educational investments.

  • 23.
    Wiberg, Marie
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics.
    Rolfsman, Ewa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    School effectiveness in science in Sweden and Norway viewed from a TIMSS perspective2013In: Utbildning och Demokrati, ISSN 1102-6472, E-ISSN 2001-7316, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 69-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Declining achievement in various core subjects has led to a debate on strategies to enhance student achievement. Identifying factors in the school environment that affect student performance in science, are therefore, of vital importance. The aim of this study is to identify school-level factors that are associated with eight-grade students' achievement in science based on results from TIMSS (Trends in Intrrnational Mathematics and Science Study) 2003 and 2007. Because the TIMSS data includes school-level factors at two different time points, we expected to find factors that influence science performance by Swedish and Norwegian students. Multilevel analysis was used, and this framework allowed us to account for the influence of the students' home backgrounds. After controlling for student background, our results show that there are only a few school-level factors that are associated with student achievement in science, and the influence of these factors differ between Sweden and Norway.

  • 24.
    Wiberg, Marie
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics.
    Rolfsman, Ewa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    School-effectiveness in mathematics in Sweden compared with countries in Europe and Asia-Pacific2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an increased focus on educational quality and learning outcomes in Sweden, especially since international comparative studies like TIMSS has put the limelight on declining study results in core subject like mathematics. School-effectiveness is therefore an urgent issue. The aim of this study is to identify factors that contribute to the explanation why some schools is effective but others are less effective in terms of the students’ academic achievement in mathematics on TIMSS. This is conducted by examining Sweden in contrast with school-effectiveness in some high achieving countries in Europe and Asia-Pacific. The framework of multilevel analysis was used, since it is important to separate the effect of school-level variables from the effect of home environment and to take care of the sampling design used in TIMSS 2007. The results show that different educational system identifies different school level factors when controlling for home background. Noteworthy is that very few school level factors were significant in the full models. The single most important factor for school- effectiveness appears to be student behavior in school. Offering enrichment or remedial in mathematic seem to have different effects in different countries. Professional development opportunities for the teachers and the use of different incentives do not seem to have any effect in any of the countries, except in Chinese-Taipei. Disappointingly, we were unable to detect any significant school level factors in Sweden. A possible reason for this is that we excluded variables that have been altered in any of the countries, since we do believe that such changes might be a threat to the validity. Hence, it is possible that important questions in the Swedish context were excluded.

  • 25.
    Wiberg, Marie
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics.
    Rolfsman, Ewa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    The association between science achievement measures in schools and TIMSS science achievements in Sweden2019In: International Journal of Science Education, ISSN 0950-0693, E-ISSN 1464-5289, Vol. 41, no 16, p. 2218-2232Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine the association between students’ TIMSS (Trends in Mathematics and Science Study) science achievement, and students’ school achievements, in terms of national tests and grades from school years 6 and 9. Further to examine the association with TIMSS science achievement and different subgroups of students based on their home background. The study is based on a unique possibility to analyse TIMSS 2015 data together with register data of the Swedish students’ national test results from school years 6 and 9 and their science subject grades from school years 6 and 9. The overall results show that there were moderate associations between TIMSS science achievement and school achievement measures. The association between grades and the high-stakes national tests were stronger than between grades and TIMSS. The students’ home background had a clear impact on the results as students with highly educated mothers, who comes from homes with many books and are nonimmigrants had on average higher TIMSS science achievements.

  • 26.
    Wiberg, Marie
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics.
    Rolfsman, Ewa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Laukaityte, Inga
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics.
    School effectiveness in mathematics in Sweden and Norway 2003, 2007 and 20112013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    International studies like TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study) usually highlight students’ study result changes between two assessments. The aim of this study is to identify factors that contribute to the explanation why some schools is effective but others are less effective in terms of the students’  academic achievement in mathematics on TIMSS. We focus on the school efficiency in Sweden and Norway at the time points 2003, 2007 and 2011. In the core subject mathematics, Sweden’s result declined in TIMSS between 2003 and 2011 while Norway’s result inclined. Since Sweden and Norway have similar educational systems it is of interest to examine the incline in Norway as opposed to the decline in Sweden between 2003 and 2011. We used multilevel analysis in order to separate the effect of school level variables from the effect of student’s home environment and to take care of the sampling design used in TIMSS. The results show that Norway and Sweden exhibit different trends. In Norway it was possible to identify school level factors which affect the students’ achievements. In Sweden this could not be obtained. Note, in both countries at all three timepoints most of the student home background factors were significant suggesting that the students’ background play a large role in mathematics achievement.

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