umu.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
1 - 20 of 20
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Andersson, Louise
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Forsberg, Bertil
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Oudin Åström, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Pettersson-Strömbäck, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Åström, Christofer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Med värme ihågkommen2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this project has been to use an interview study and literature survey to show how the outdoor environment, public facilities and housing can be designed to reduce the risk for elderly and persons with disabilities to die prematurely during heat waves. The goal is to raise awareness and interest in the adaptation of the environment and buildings of the persons responsible for planning, housing stock, social service, health care and homes for elderly.

    Cities are generally warmer and less windy than the surrounding landscape. The urban "warmer climate" is mainly due to the greater heat storage that can be found in buildings, streets, sidewalks, etc., limited vegetation that can shade and release moisture and activities such as traffic and domestic heating, which generate heat. During heat waves the increase in mortality is larger in cities. To live alone, be confined to bed and stay on the top floor has been shown to be additional risk factors.

    Measures to reduce the city's urban heat island and effects on humans are sometimes divided into "soft measures" (information, warning systems for heat waves, interventions for vulnerable groups), "green actions" (make the city a greener environment) and “technical measures” (shaded structures, changes of the walls, refrigeration /air conditioning indoors, etc.), which all are complementary. In some countries, the care homes for elderly should have a common room that can be kept cool even during heat waves.

    The aim of the interview study was to describe how personnel in the elderly care experience these problems in Sweden. The data collection method was 20 semi structured interviews with elderly care

    Sid 3 (49)

    personnel in Botkyrka municipality during October 2011. Content analysis was performed on the transcribed interview data and categories and subcategories were created on repeated themes in the text. The conclusions suggest intensified education for and information to personnel in the elderly care sector and that already in the planning of new homes for elderly the personnel's knowledge and experience of the needs among the elderly should be taken into account. 

  • 2.
    Eriksson, Jeanette
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Wahlström, Jens
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Nordin, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hofverberg, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Pettersson-Strömbäck, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Längre arbetsliv: om samverkan mellan företagshälsovård och personalavdelningar inom norrländska kommuner och landsting2014Report (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Holm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Edström, Örjan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Mannelqvist, Ruth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Pettersson-Strömbäck, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Arbetsgivaren och den organisatoriska arbetsmiljön: Arbetsbelastning, juridiskt ansvar och upplevda problem2019In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 49-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetsgivares juridiska ansvar för arbetsmiljö och ett hållbart arbete återfinns i en mängd olika bestämmelser av varierande karaktär, samt i domar och beslut från Arbetsmiljöverket, vilket inte underlättar vare sig överskådlighet och förståelse av regelverkets innebörd. Avsikten är att i den här artikeln dels analysera arbetsgivares juridiska ansvar för arbetstagares arbetsbelastning inom arbetsmiljörätten, dels undersöka hur problem med arbetsbelastning upplevs samt om, och i så fall hur, dessa problem hanteras inom såväl manligt och kvinnligt dominerade arbetsplatser som inom privat och offentlig verksamhet.

  • 4.
    Holm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Pettersson-Strömbäck, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Arbetsgivarens organisatoriska ansvar – i rätten och i praktiken2019In: FALF 2019: Book of Abstracts, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2019, p. 145-146Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 5. Liljedahl, Birgitta
    et al.
    Pettersson-Strömbäck, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Prochazka, Helena
    Martinsson, Emil
    Martinsson, Erik
    Waleij, Annica
    Soldaters riskuppfattning i internationella insatser: pilotstudie FS202011Report (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Liljelind, IE
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Strömbäck, AE
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Järvholm, BG
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Levin, JO
    Strangert, BL
    Sunesson, A-LK
    Self-assessment of exposure: a pilot study of assessment of exposure to benzene in tank truck drivers2000In: Applied occupational and environmental hygiene, ISSN 1047-322X, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 195-202Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Liljelind, Ingrid E
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational Medicine.
    Rappaport, Stephen M
    School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States.
    Levin, Jan-Olof
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational Medicine. National Institute for Working Life, Programme for Chemical Exposure Assessment, Umeå.
    Pettersson-Strömbäck, Anita E
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational Medicine.
    Sunesson, Anna-Lena
    National Institute for Working Life, Programme for Chemical Exposure Assessment, Umeå.
    Järvholm, Bengt G
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational Medicine.
    Comparison of self-assessment and expert assessment of occupational exposure to chemicals2001In: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, ISSN 0355-3140, E-ISSN 1795-990X, Vol. 27, no 5, p. 311-317Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: Occupational assessments of chemical exposure are often inadequate because of difficulties in obtaining sufficient numbers of measurements by trained professionals (experts). The objective of this study was to determine whether workers can provide unbiased data via self-assessments of exposure facilitated by the use of simple passive monitors for personal sampling.

    METHODS: Untrained workers obtained personal measurements of their exposures to gaseous contaminants (terpenes in sawmills and styrene in reinforced plastics factories) with passive monitors and written instructions. To study the validity of the self-assessments, an occupational hygienist performed exposure measurements on the same occupational groups after the workers had obtained two or more measurements independently. The potential bias of the self-assessments was evaluated by comparing the self-assessments with the expert assessments in mixed-effects statistical models.

    RESULTS: A total of 153 terpene (97 self and 56 expert) and 216 styrene (159 self and 57 expert) measurements were obtained from four sawmills and six reinforced plastics factories, respectively. No significant differences in the geometric mean exposures were observed between the self-assessments and the expert assessments in 3 of 4 sawmills and 5 of 6 reinforced plastics factories (P > 0.10). The potential bias of the self-assessments of exposure ranged from less than 0.1% to 102% and was less than 17% in 9 of the 10 groups investigated.

    CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that untrained, unsupervised workers are able to collect consistently unbiased exposure data by employing currently available passive monitors.

  • 8.
    Nordin, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Pettersson-Strömbäck, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Projekt Norräng 2.0 Arbetsmiljö i skolan efter införande av klassmentorer: Delrapport I: Resultat från baslinjemätning, ettårsuppföljning och fokusgruppsintervjuer.2018Report (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Pettersson-Strömbäck, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Chemical exposure in the work place: mental models of workers and experts2008Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Many workers are daily exposed to chemical risks in their work place that has to be assessed and controlled. Due to exposure variability, repeated and random measurements should be conducted for valid estimates of the average exposure. Traditionally, experts such as safety engineers, work environment inspectors, and occupational hygienists, have performed the measurements. In self assessment of exposure (SAE), the workers perform unsupervised exposure measurements of chemical agents.

    This thesis studies a prerequisite for SAE, i.e. the workers’ mental models of chemical exposure. Further, the workers’ mental models are contrasted with experts’ reasons and decision criteria for measurement.

    Both qualitative and quantitative data generated from three studies (Paper I, II, and III) were used to describe the workers’ mental model of chemical exposure. SAE was introduced to workers in three different industries; transports (benzene), sawmill industry (monoterpenes), and reinforced plastic industry (styrene). By interviews, qualitative data were collected on the workers’ interpretation of measurement results and preventive actions. To evaluate the validity of worker measurement, the measurements were compared with expert measurements. The association between each worker’s number of performed measurement and mean level and variability in exposure concentrations was calculated. Mean absolute percent/forecast error (MAPE) was used to assess whether the workers’ decision models were in accordance with a coherence or correspondence model. In Paper IV, experts (safety engineers, work environment inspectors, and occupational hygienists) were interviewed to elucidate their mental models about the triggers and decision criteria for exposure measurements.

    The results indicate that the workers’ measurement results were in agreement with experts’. However, the measurement results were not a strong enough signal to induce workers to take preventive actions and sustained exposure measurements even if the measurement result were close to the occupational exposure limit. The fit was best for the median model, indicating that the workers’ mental models for interpretation of measurement data can best be described by the coherence theory rather than by the correspondence theory. The workers seemed to mentally reduce the variation in the exposure to a measure of central tendency (the median), and underestimated the average exposure level. The experts were found to directly take preventive actions instead of performing exposure measurements. When they performed exposure measurements, a worst case sampling strategy was most common. An important trigger for measurement for the experts was “request from the employer” (safety engineers), “legal demands” (work environment inspectors), and “symptoms among workers” (occupational hygienists). When there was a trigger, all experts mentioned expectations of high exposure level as a decision criterion for measurements.

    In conclusion, the studies suggest that workers’ mental interpretation model is best described in terms of a coherence model rather than a model of correspondence. The workers reduced the variation mentally in favor of an estimate of average exposure (median), which may imply that they underestimate short-term, high exposure health risks. A consequence is that interpretation of measurements such as SAE cannot be given to the individual worker without some support, e.g. from an expert. However, experts often chose to directly take preventive actions, without measuring the exposure. The results indicate that also the experts need support e.g. from the legal system if exposure measurements are to be done.

  • 10.
    Pettersson-Strömbäck, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Gender transition in the Swedish mining industry: challenges and opportunities2016In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 75, p. 17-17, article id 33200Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Pettersson-Strömbäck, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Psychosocial factors: an exposure difficult to measure2014In: Barents Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, ISSN 1458-5952, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 38-40p. 38-40Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Pettersson-Strömbäck, Anita
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Bodin Danielsson, Christina
    Nordin, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Öhrn, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Harder, Mette
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå School of Architecture.
    Olsson, Tommy
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.
    Wahlström, Viktoria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Slunga-Järvholm, Lisbeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Slutrapport från AKTIKON-PROJEKTET i Örnsköldsviks kommun: Arbetsmiljö, fysisk aktivitet, hälsa och produktivitet i aktivitetsbaserad kontorsmiljö – en kontrollerad studie i Örnsköldsviks kommun2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet Aktivitetsbaserat Kontor (AktiKon) har följt och utvärderat en förändringsprocess i Örnsköldsviks kommun där tjänstemännen i kommunen flyttade från cellkontor till antingen ett aktivitetsbaserat kontor (AB-kontor) eller ett cellkontor. Syftet med forskningsprojektet var att studera effekter på arbetsmiljö, fysisk aktivitet, hälsa och produktivitet i aktivitetsbaserad kontorsmiljö och kunna jämföra med fortsatt arbete i cellkontor. Mätningar med enkäter, fokusgruppsintervjuer, gåturer och observationer utfördes 6 mån före flytt och 6 respektive 18 månader efter flytt. Individuella intervjuer av personer med upplevd funktionsnedsättning utfördes ca 10 månader efter flytt. Rörelsemätningar utfördes vid fem olika tillfällen under flyttprocessen.

    I denna rapport har vi valt att redovisa enkätresultat från anställda som vi har kunnat följa över tid, d.v.s. individer där vi har resultat från enkät besvarad före flytt och från minst ett tillfälle efter flytt. Den ursprungliga studiepopulationen som studerades med denna metod bestod från början av 374 anställda och vid den sista uppföljningen, 18 månader efter flytt, av 152 anställda i AB-kontoret och 63 i cellkontoret. De två grupperna som flyttade till olika kontorsmiljöer var inte helt jämförbara. Exempelvis var det fler män och chefer som flyttade till AB-kontoret och yrkesgrupperna var inte heller lika, men alla som ingick i projektet var tjänstemän inom samma kommun.

    De som flyttade till AB-kontoret upplevde den nya kontorsmiljön som estetiskt tilltalande och luftkvaliteten god. De som flyttade till nya cellkontor hade utifrån kvalitativa intervjuer inte en lika positiv uppfattning vad gäller kontorets design och inredning.

    Arbetsbelastningen och olika typer av krav såg lika ut över tid för respektive grupp. Det var vid 18 månader efter flytt ingen skillnad jämfört med före flytt i hälsofrämjande arbetsfaktorer undersökta med WEMS-instrumentet (Work Experience Measurement Scale) för de som flyttat till AB-kontor. Det var inte heller någon skillnad över tid i jämförelse med de som flyttat till cellkontor. Datorstödet upplevdes mycket positivt av de som flyttade till AB-kontoret och de blev något mer nöjda än de som flyttade till cellkontor. Det fanns i AB-kontoret inte någon säker skillnad i upplevelse av samarbete mellan olika arbetsgrupper eller inom hela organisationen vid 18 månader efter flytt jämfört med utgångsläget och inte heller någon säker skillnad över tid jämfört med cellkontoret. De som flyttade till AB-kontor rapporterade efter flytten en ökad störning av ljud och besvär av bristande avskildhet. Man upplevde i genomsnitt en lägre produktivitet i AB-kontoret efter flytt och det fanns en skillnad mellan de två kontorstyperna över tid.

    Cheferna var generellt nöjda med att arbeta i AB-kontor och de upplevde inte någon minskad produktivitet vid övergång till AB-kontor. I genomsnitt blev det emellertid en minskad nöjdhet med kontorets utformning i gruppen som flyttade till AB-kontor. Nöjdheten med AB-kontoret varierade beroende på yrke och typ av arbetsuppgifter. De som hade mycket enskilt och koncentrationskrävande datorarbete upplevde mindre nöjdhet efter flytt och angav att de helst ville arbeta i cellkontor om de fick välja. De som arbetade mycket i grupp, behövde vara idérika och ofta diskuterade med kollegor föredrog att arbeta i AB-kontor. Bland dem som helst ville arbeta i cellkontor fanns det en ökad förekomst av problem med stress, långvarig utmattning och psykiska besvär.

    Det framkom ökade problem med koncentrationen hos de som flyttade till AB-kontor. Det fanns däremot inga säkra skillnader över tid mellan grupperna vad gäller skattning av allmän hälsa och förekomst av andra typer av besvär.

    Redan före flytten hade båda grupperna tillgång till höj- och sänkbara bord och det var vanligt att arbeta stående under en rätt stor del av arbetsdagen. Efter flytten ökade tiden i gående och antal steg något i AB-kontoret jämfört med cellkontoret. I AB-kontoret fanns tillgång till gå-band, men dessa användes endast av ett fåtal anställda. Den centralt belägna öppna trappan var omtyckt och användes mycket.

    Sammanfattningsvis visar studien att nöjdhet, preferens och produktivitet i AB-kontor varierar mycket beroende på vilka arbetsuppgifter man har. AB-kontoret fungerar särskilt bra för personer med ledningsuppdrag. För att AB-kontoret ska kunna fungera bra även för personer med funktionsnedsättning måste det finnas system för att fånga upp individuella problem och möjliggöra anpassningar vid behov. Detta gäller särskilt vid psykiska besvär och kognitiva svårigheter. Det är angeläget att det i AB-kontoret finns tillgång till stödytor och resurser i tillräcklig omfattning för alla de olika arbetsuppgifter som ska utföras.

    En viktig erfarenhet i projektet är betydelsen av att kunna beskriva den kontext som förändringen sker i. Genom att göra en processutvärdering har det funnits möjlighet att på ett adekvat sätt tolka och förstå de effekter som framkom vid övergång till AB-kontor.

    Framgångsfaktorer vid övergång till AB-kontor är noggrann kartläggning och analys före flytt, samverkan, delaktighet, överenskomna regler och förhållningssätt, och övergripande rutiner som inkluderar hela kontoret för det fortsatta arbetsmiljöarbetet.

  • 13.
    Pettersson-Strömbäck, Anita E
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Bergdahl, Ingvar A
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Järvholm, Bengt G
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Nordin, Steven
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    When and why do experts perform exposure measurements?: An exploratory study of safety engineers, work environment inspectors, and occupational hygienists.2006In: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, ISSN 1545-9624, E-ISSN 1545-9632, Vol. 3, no 12, p. 713-717Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe experts' decision processes leading to measurements of occupational chemical exposure. Safety engineers, clinical occupational hygienists, and work environment inspectors (four from each group) were interviewed according to a semistructured scheme. We analyzed: (i) perceived triggers for measurements, (ii) the experts' decision criteria for performing measurements when there was a trigger, and (iii) sampling strategy. Regarding triggers, all safety engineers reported a “request” from, for example, an employer; all work environment inspectors reported “legal demands;” and all clinical occupational hygienists reported “symptoms among workers.” As a decision criterion, all the interviewees reported that they measured only if they expected sufficiently high levels. The results of the present study highlight factors that trigger measurements and are of importance in determining whether measurements will be performed. These factors appear to be related to the expert's professional role and may bias the assessment of exposure. Thus, when using data from routine measurements done by experts, the possibility of a bias needs to be considered.

  • 14.
    Pettersson-Strömbäck, Anita Elisabeth
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Liljelind, Ingrid Elisabeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Nordin, Steven
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Järvholm, Bengt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Workers’ mental models of chemical exposure in the workplace2010In: Risk Analysis, ISSN 0272-4332, E-ISSN 1539-6924, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 488-500Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study was to examine workers’ mental interpretation models developed in response to occupational chemical exposure. The study was performed in six companies within the reinforced plastics industry in northern Sweden, in which styrene was used; 32 workers participated in the study. Each worker performed between four and seven exposure measurements. Before receiving each result of the second to seventh measurements, the workers were asked to predict the level of their next exposure measurement. Their predictions were evaluated with respect to two judgmental principles: coherence (that the predictions are based on logical decision rules, that is, the mean value of the prior exposure levels); and correspondence (the predictions have high empirical accuracy) by calculating the mean absolute percent forcast error (MAPE). The coherence principle was tested by comparing each of the workers’ predictions with the mean, median, and last exposure level (last value) of the prior measurements. The correspondence principle was tested by comparing the worker’s prediction with the outcome of the measurement. The coherence principle was found to be the best descriptor of the workers’ predictions and the median model had the best fit. The mean model had a similar but significantly poorer fit (MAPE values of 29 and 31, respectively). The correspondence model had a poor fit with a MAPE of 54. The workers’ predictions were generally lower than their average exposures. We conclude that the workers’ interpretation model can be best described by a coherence model rather than by a correspondence model.

  • 15.
    Pettersson-Strömbäck, Anita
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Liljelind, Ingrid
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Neely, Greg
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Järvholm, Bengt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Workers' interpretation of self-assessment of exposure2008In: The Annals of occupational hygiene, ISSN 1475-3162, Vol. 52, no 7, p. 663-671Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: The aim was to investigate how workers interpret and act upon results from self-assessment of exposure (SAE). METHODS: Workers in four sawmills in Sweden were supplied with diffusive samplers for measurement of terpenes. Workers received both oral and written instructions about terpenes, their medical effects and how to handle the samplers. Responsibility for sampling was left to the individual worker; written feedback about terpene levels was provided after each measurement. The number of measurements was registered. The workers and supervisors were interviewed about their attitudes, perceived control of their work environment, need for preventive actions and future surveillance of the workplace. RESULTS: In total, 28 workers performed 100 terpene measurements. At one sawmill, there was a significant association between exposure levels and the number of measurements performed by each worker (rho = 0.79, P = 0.03). Contrary to instructions, supervisors played an important role in spontaneous organization of the measurements at each mill. Four measurements revealed terpene concentrations that exceeded the occupational exposure limits, and one preventive action was taken as a consequence of high levels. Seventy percent of the workers could not identify any reason for more measurements. Only 15% considered the measurements as their 'own' project, and the rest stated that they participated in order to satisfy the researchers. CONCLUSIONS: Previous studies have shown that workers can perform valid measurements, both select a day and technically perform measurements. This study indicates that this ability is not sufficient to ensure that measurements will be done or that implementing measurements will result in preventive actions. Workers need additional support to take preventive actions and use SAE for ongoing surveillance.

  • 16.
    Pettersson-Strömbäck, Anita
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Meister, Kadri
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Forsberg, Bertil
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Rapport om upplevd hälsa och miljöstörning i Gällivare - Malmberget - Koskullskulle: rapport till Miljödomstolen2009Report (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Pettersson-Strömbäck, Anita
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Meister, Kadri
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Mossberg Sonnek, Karin
    Hur individen uppfattar negativaeffekter av klimatförändringarna: Resultat från en enkätstudie2012Report (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Pettersson-Strömbäck, Anita
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nordin, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Slunga-Järvholm, Lisbeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Managers and coworkes perceptions of activity based work: a sub study of the aktikon project2016In: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, ISSN 1070-5503, E-ISSN 1532-7558, Vol. 23, p. S149-S149Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Sjöberg, André
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Pettersson-Strömbäck, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sahlen, Klas-Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Lindholm, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Norström, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
    The burden of high workload on the health-related quality of life among home care workers in Northern Sweden2020In: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, ISSN 0340-0131, E-ISSN 1432-1246Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that high workload affects health negatively. However, studies are lacking among home care workers. The aim of this study is to examine the burden of perceived workload on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among home care workers and to determine whether psychosocial factors modify such a relationship.

    METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in which 1162 (58% response rate) home care workers participated. The psychosocial factors were measured by QPSnordic. HRQoL was measured by EuroQol 5 dimensions, from which responses were translated into quality-adjusted life year scores (QALY). Propensity scores were used with absolute risk differences (RD). Stratified analysis was used to test the buffer hypothesis of the demand-control-support model.

    RESULTS: Personnel with a high workload had a statistically significant 0.035 lower QALY than personnel with a normal workload. This difference was also statistically significant for the Visual Analogue Scale (RD 5.0) and the mobility (RD 0.033) and anxiety/depression scales (RD 0.20) dimensions of EQ-5D. For QALY, the effect of a high workload compared to a normal workload was higher, with low (RD 0.045, significant) compared with high (RD 0.015, non-significant) social support; while it was similar, and non-significant results, for low and high control.

    CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that lowered work burden would be beneficial for home care personnel. Furthermore, our results suggest that interventions aimed at increasing social support could reduce work-related illness.

  • 20.
    Sunesson, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    National Institute for Working Life, Umeå.
    Liljelind, Ingrid
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational Medicine.
    Sundgren, Margit
    National Institute for Working Life, Umeå.
    Pettersson-Strömbäck, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Levin, Jan-Olof
    National Institute for Working Life, Umeå.
    Passive sampling in combination with thermal desorption and gas chromatography as a tool for self-assessment of chemical exposure2002In: Journal of Environmental Monitoring, ISSN 1464-0325, E-ISSN 1464-0333, Vol. 4, no 5, p. 706-710Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Diffusive samplers for monitoring of air quality are user-friendly devices that can normally be operated by the user himself. Hence these samplers are suitable for self-assessment. Practical and work organisational aspects of self-assessment of chemical exposure were studied in different occupational settings. It was found that the diffusive sampler used in these studies, the Perkin-Elmer tube in combination with thermal desorption, worked well for the purpose and could be correctly handled by the individuals using it. The results from self-assessments agreed well with expert measurements carried out by an occupational hygienist. However, in order to obtain a sustainable system of self-assessment strong organizational support is needed.

1 - 20 of 20
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf