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  • 1.
    Andersson, Emma K.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR).
    Bengtsson, Christoffer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR).
    Evans, Margery L.
    Chorell, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR).
    Sellstedt, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR).
    Lindgren, Anders E.G.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Hufnagel, David A.
    Bhattacharya, Moumita
    Tessier, Peter M.
    Wittung-Stafshede, Pernilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Almqvist, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR).
    Chapman, Matthew R.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR). University of Michigan, USA.
    Modulation of Curli Assembly and Pellicle Biofilm Formation by Chemical and Protein Chaperones2013In: Chemistry and Biology, ISSN 1074-5521, E-ISSN 1879-1301, Vol. 20, no 10, p. 1245-1254Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Enteric bacteria assemble functional amyloid fibers, curli, on their surfaces that share structural and biochemical properties with disease-associated amyloids. Here, we test rationally designed 2-pyridone compounds for their ability to alter amyloid formation of the major curli subunit CsgA. We identified several compounds that discourage CsgA amyloid formation and several compounds that accelerate CsgA amyloid formation. The ability of inhibitor compounds to stop growing CsgA fibers was compared to the same property of the CsgA chaperone, CsgE. CsgE blocked CsgA amyloid assembly and arrested polymerization when added to actively polymerizing fibers. Additionally, CsgE and the 2-pyridone inhibitors prevented biofilm formation by Escherichia coli at the air-liquid interface of a static culture. We demonstrate that curli amyloid assembly and curli-dependent biofilm formation can be modulated not only by protein chaperones, but also by "chemical chaperones."

  • 2.
    Antti, Henrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Sellstedt, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Cell-Based Kinetic Target-Guided Synthesis of an Enzyme Inhibitor2018In: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters, ISSN 1948-5875, E-ISSN 1948-5875, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 351-353Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Finding a new drug candidate for a selected target is an expensive and time-consuming process. Target guided-synthesis, or in situ click chemistry, is a concept where the drug target is used to template the formation of its own inhibitors from reactive building blocks. This could simplify the identification of drug candidates. However, with the exception of one example of an RNA-target, target-guided synthesis has always employed purified targets. This limits the number of targets that can be screened by the method. By applying methods from the field of metabolomics, we demonstrate that target-guided synthesis with protein targets also can be performed directly in cell-based systems. These methods offer new possibilities to conduct screening for drug candidates of difficult protein targets in cellular environments.

  • 3.
    Horvath, Istvan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Sellstedt, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Weise, Christoph
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Nordvall, Lina-Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Golla, Krishna Prasad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Olofsson, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Larsson, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Almqvist, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Wittung-Stafshede, Pernilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Modulation of α-synuclein fibrillization by ring-fused 2-pyridones: templation and inhibition involve oligomers with different structure2013In: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, ISSN 0003-9861, E-ISSN 1096-0384, Vol. 532, no 2, p. 84-90Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a recent study we discovered that a ring-fused 2-pyridone compound triggered fibrillization of a key protein in Parkinson's disease, α-synuclein. To reveal how variations in compound structure affect protein aggregation, we now prepared a number of strategic analogs and tested their effects on α-synuclein amyloid fiber formation in vitro. We find that, in contrast to the earlier templating effect, some analogs inhibit α-synuclein fibrillization. For both templating and inhibiting compounds, the key species formed in the reactions are α-synuclein oligomers that contain compound. Despite similar macroscopic appearance, the templating and inhibiting oligomers are distinctly different in secondary structure content. When the inhibitory oligomers are added in seed amounts, they inhibit fresh α-synuclein aggregation reactions. Our study demonstrates that small chemical changes to the same central fragment can result in opposite effects on protein aggregation.

  • 4.
    Horvath, Istvan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Weise, Christoph F
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Andersson, Emma K
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR).
    Chorell, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Sellstedt, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Bengtsson, Christoffer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Olofsson, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Hultgren, Scott J
    Department of Molecular Microbiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, United States.
    Chapman, Matthew
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Wolf-Watz, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Almqvist, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR).
    Wittung-Stafshede, Pernilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Mechanisms of Protein Oligomerization: Inhibitor of Functional Amyloids Templates α-Synuclein Fibrillation2012In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 134, no 7, p. 3439-3444Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Small organic molecules that inhibit functional bacterial amyloid fibers, curli, are promising new antibiotics. Here we investigated the mechanism by which the ring-fused 2-pyridone FN075 inhibits fibrillation of the curli protein CsgA. Using a variety of biophysical techniques, we found that FN075 promotes CsgA to form off-pathway, non-amyloidogenic oligomeric species. In light of the generic properties of amyloids, we tested whether FN075 would also affect the fibrillation reaction of human α-synuclein, an amyloid-forming protein involved in Parkinson's disease. Surprisingly, FN075 stimulates α-synuclein amyloid fiber formation as measured by thioflavin T emission, electron microscopy (EM), and atomic force microscopy (AFM). NMR data on (15)N-labeled α-synuclein show that upon FN075 addition, α-synuclein oligomers with 7 nm radius form in which the C-terminal 40 residues remain disordered and solvent exposed. The polypeptides in these oligomers contain β-like secondary structure, and the oligomers are detectable by AFM, EM, and size-exclusion chromatography (SEC). Taken together, FN075 triggers oligomer formation of both proteins: in the case of CsgA, the oligomers do not proceed to fibers, whereas for α-synuclein, the oligomers are poised to rapidly form fibers. We conclude that there is a fine balance between small-molecule inhibition and templation that depends on protein chemistry.

  • 5.
    Rosenbaum, Erik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Sellstedt, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Almqvist, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Johansson, Lennart B-Å
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Unusual light spectroscopic properties of a 2-Pyridone-based multi-ring-fused Fluorescent Scaffold2010In: Journal of Fluorescence, ISSN 1053-0509, E-ISSN 1573-4994, Vol. 20, no 6, p. 1249-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    UV-VIS absorption and fluorescence spectroscopic properties of six related polyaromatic 2-pyridones have been studied. Excitation of the lowest and rather weak and structure-less transition [epsilon (max) (430 nm) approximately 3,000 mol-1dm3cm-1] gives rise to a broad fluorescence band in the visible region, for these compounds. These S0 <--> S1 transitions are compatible with symmetrically forbidden transitions, promoted by intensity borrowing, as is revealed by fluorescence depolarisation data. With one exception, all compounds exhibit strong fluorescence, with quantum yields in glycerol varying between 40% and 70%. The corresponding fluorescence lifetimes range from 11 ns to 17 ns, while the radiative lifetimes are very similar ( approximately 26 ns), for all compounds. Interestingly and rarely observed, the calculated radiative lifetimes for the weak absorption band are significantly longer, i.e. between 37 and 40 ns.

  • 6.
    Sachl, Radek
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Rosenbaum, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Sellstedt, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Almqvist, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Johansson, Lennart B-Å
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Locations and reorientations of multi-ring-fused 2-Pyridones in Ganglioside GM1 Micelles2011In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 27, no 5, p. 1662-1667Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fluorescent multi-ring-fused 2-pyridones, with chemical resemblance to other biologically active 2-pyridone systems, were solubilized in spherical micelles formed by the gangloiside GM1 and studied with respect to their spatial localization and rotational mobility. For this, electronic energy transfer between the multi-ring-fused 2-pyridone (donor) and BODIPY-FL-labeled GM1 was determined, as well as their fluorescence depolarization. From the obtained efficiency of energy transfer to the acceptor group (BODIPY-FL), either localized in the polar or in the nonpolar part of the ganglioside, it has been possible to estimate the most likely localization of the multi-ring-fused 2-pyridones. The center of mass of the studied multi-ring-fused 2-pyridones are located at approximately 33 Å from the micellar center of mass, which corresponds to the internal hydrophobic-hydrophilic interfacial region. At this location, the reorienting rates of the multi-ring-fused 2-pyridones are surprisingly slow with typical correlation times of 35-55 ns. No evidence was found for the formation of ground and excited state dimers, even when two monomers were forced to be near each other via a short covalent linker.

  • 7.
    Sellstedt, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Development of 2-Pyridone-based central fragments: Affecting the aggregation of amyloid proteins2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There are many applications of small organic compounds, e.g. as drugs or as tools to study biological systems. Once a compound with interesting biological activity has been found, medicinal chemists typically synthesize small libraries of compounds with systematic differences to the initial “hit” compound. By screening the new ensemble of compounds for their ability to perturb the biological system, insights about the system can be gained. In the work presented here, various ways to synthesize small libraries of ring-fused 2‑pyridones have been developed. Members of this class of peptidomimetic compounds have previously been found to have a variety of biological activities, e.g. as antibacterial agents targeting virulence, and as inhibitors of the aggregation of Alzheimer b‑peptides. The focus in this work has been to alter the core skeleton, the central fragment, of the previously discovered biologically active 2‑pyridones and evaluate the biological effects of these changes. Several new classes of compounds have been constructed and their preparations have included the development of multi-component reactions and a method inspired by diversity-oriented synthesis.

    Some of the new compounds have been evaluated for their effect on the fibrillation of different amyloid proteins. Both the Parkinson-associated amyloid protein a-synuclein and the bacterial protein CsgA that is involved in bacterial biofilm formation are affected by subtle changes of the compounds’ central fragments. This is an example of the usefulness of central-fragment alterations as a strategy to probe structure-activity relationships, and the derived compounds may be used as tools in further study of the aggregation of amyloid proteins.

  • 8.
    Sellstedt, Magnus
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Almqvist, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    A novel heterocyclic Scaffold formed by ring expansion of a cyclic Sulfone to Sulfonamides2009In: Organic Letters, ISSN 1523-7060, E-ISSN 1523-7052, Vol. 11, no 23, p. 5470-5472Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A novel heterocyclic scaffold with a peptidomimetic backbone structure has been synthesized. The scaffold is formed by insertion of primary amines into a cyclic sulfone to give the corresponding ring-expanded sulfonamides. By varying the amine component, a series of potentially biologically interesting compounds has been synthesized.

  • 9.
    Sellstedt, Magnus
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Almqvist, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    A three-component reaction forming naphthyridones: synthesis of lophocladine analogs2011In: Organic Letters, ISSN 1523-7060, E-ISSN 1523-7052, Vol. 13, no 19, p. 5278-5281Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A three-component reaction forming dihydro 2,7-naphthyridine-1-ones has been developed. These unstable dihydro intermediates can be either oxidized or reduced to form naphthyridones or tetrahydro naphthyridones, respectively. The reaction tolerates a large variety of aldehydes and amines, and the produced compounds are analogs of the natural product lophocladine A.

  • 10.
    Sellstedt, Magnus
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Almqvist, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Development of a three-component reaction forming naphtyridones: Synthesis of lophocladine analogs2011In: Abstract of Papers of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0065-7727, Vol. 242, p. 255-ORGN-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Sellstedt, Magnus
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Almqvist, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Synthesis of a novel tricyclic peptidomimetic Scaffold2008In: Organic Letters, Vol. 10, no 18, p. 4005-4007Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An efficient method to synthesize a novel rigid tricyclic peptidomimetic scaffold through ring-closure of amino-functionalized bicyclic 2-pyridones has been discovered. The scaffold can function as a peptide backbone mimetic (highlighted) with two substituents independently variable to fine-tune biological response. Halogenation of the pyrazolo ring followed by Suzuki couplings made it possible to introduce substituents with variable electronic properties late in the synthetic route, which is preferable in library synthesis.

  • 12.
    Sellstedt, Magnus
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Dang, Hung The
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Prasad, G. Krishna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Sauer, Uwe
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Almqvist, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Four-Component Assembly of Natural-Product-Like Ring-Fused Isoquinuclidines2013In: European Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 1434-193X, E-ISSN 1099-0690, Vol. 2013, no 33, p. 7476-7479Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A four-component reaction between formyl-substituted 2-pyridones, aldehydes, amines, and activated alkenes has been developed. The resulting products are ring-fused natural-product-like isoquinuclidines. Three carbon–carbon bonds, two carbon–nitrogen bonds, and four or five stereocentres are formed in the reaction with overall product yields in the range 23–67 %. In most cases a single diastereomer was obtained. An intramolecular version of the reaction yielded analogues of the multi-ring-fused natural product catharanthine in a single step.

  • 13.
    Sellstedt, Magnus
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Nyberg, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Rosenbaum, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Engström, Patrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Molecular Biology (Faculty of Medicine). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Molecular Infection Medicine Sweden (MIMS).
    Wickström, Malin
    Department of Medicinal Sciences, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Uppsala University Hospital, 75185 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Gullbo, Joachim
    Department of Medicinal Sciences, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Uppsala University Hospital, 75185 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Bergström, Sven
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Molecular Biology (Faculty of Medicine). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Molecular Infection Medicine Sweden (MIMS). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR).
    Johansson, Lennart B-Å
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Almqvist, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Synthesis and characterization of a multi ring-fused 2-pyridone-based fluorescent scaffold2010In: European Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 1434-193X, E-ISSN 1099-0690, no 32, p. 6171-6178Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A series of compounds based on a novel fluorescent scaffold have been synthesized. Most of the compounds displayed high quantum yields of fluorescence and unusually long fluorescence lifetimes. HeLa cells were treated with one of the compounds and its use as a fluorescent dye was demonstrated with fluorescence confocal microscopy.

  • 14.
    Sellstedt, Magnus
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Prasad, G Krishna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR).
    Krishnan, K Syam
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Molecular Infection Medicine Sweden (MIMS).
    Almqvist, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Directed diversity-oriented synthesis. Ring-fused 5- to 10-membered rings from a common peptidomimetic 2-pyridone precursor.2012In: Tetrahedron Letters, ISSN 0040-4039, E-ISSN 1359-8562, Vol. 53, no 45, p. 6022-6024Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A variety of ring-fused 2-pyridone-based central fragments were prepared using a strategy inspired by diversity-oriented synthesis. The produced compounds are diverse, yet focused, analogs of biologically active peptidomimetic 2-pyridones.

  • 15.
    Sellstedt, Magnus
    et al.
    Max-Planck-Institute für Molekulare Physiologie, Dortmund, Germany.
    Schwalfenberg, Melanie
    Ziegler, Slava
    Antonchick, Andrey P.
    Waldmann, Herbert
    Trienamine catalyzed asymmetric synthesis and biological investigation of a cytochalasin B-inspired compound collection2016In: Organic and biomolecular chemistry, ISSN 1477-0520, E-ISSN 1477-0539, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 50-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to their enhanced metabolic needs many cancers need a sufficient supply of glucose, and novel inhibitors of glucose import are in high demand. Cytochalasin B (CB) is a potent natural glucose import inhibitor which also impairs the actin cytoskeleton leading to undesired toxicity. With a view to identifying selective glucose import inhibitors we have developed an enantioselective trienamine catalyzed synthesis of a CB-inspired compound collection. Biological analysis revealed that indeed actin impairment can be distinguished from glucose import inhibition and led to the identification of the first selective glucose import inhibitor based on the basic structural architecture of cytochalasin B.

  • 16.
    Åberg, Veronica
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Sellstedt, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Hedenström, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Pinkner, Jerome S
    Hultgren, Scott J
    Almqvist, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Design, synthesis and evaluation of peptidomimetics based on substituted bicyclic 2-pyridones-targeting virulence of uropathogenic E. coli2006In: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, ISSN 0968-0896, E-ISSN 1464-3391, Vol. 14, no 22, p. 7563-7581Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Substituted bicyclic 2-pyridones, termed pilicides, are dipeptide mimetics that prevent pilus assembly in uropathogenic Escherichia coli. Here, we apply rational design to produce four classes of extended peptidomimetics based on two bioactive 2-pyridones. The key intermediate in the synthesis was an amino-functionalised 2-pyridone scaffold, which could be obtained via a mild and selective nitration and subsequent reduction. Procedures were then developed to further derivatize this amino-substituted core and a total of 24 extended peptidomimetics were synthesised and evaluated for chaperone affinity and in vivo antivirulence activity in P pili producing E. coli. Enhanced affinities for the target protein were observed within the generated set of compounds, while the ability to prevent pilus assembly in vivo was significantly decreased compared to the parent lead compounds. The results suggest that the limited in vivo potencies of the analogues are either uptake/distribution related or due to loss in binding specificity.

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