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  • 1.
    Daerga, Laila
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Att leva i två världar: hälsoaspekter bland renskötande samer2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: There is a gap of knowledge of the health situation among the reindeer herding Sami in Sweden. The Swedish government has also got criticism for not taking responsibility for the Sami health. The aim of this thesis was to get more knowledge to understand the health situation of the reindeer herding Sami in Sweden. Furthermore, gender specific risk factors in the working environment among reindeer herders and their perception of healthcare and social services were investigated.

    Method: Cross–sectional questionnaires covering different aspects of health such as musculoskeletal disorders, trust for different healthcare providers and work related psychosocial factors was distributed to reindeer herding Sami and non-Sami populations. Interviews with nine reindeer herding Sami about trust in healthcare and social services were carried out and analyzed with thematic analysis. Sixteen discussion meetings with 80 reindeer herders focusing on psychosocial perspectives of working conditions in Sami communities were performed.

    Result: The prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms from elbow, hand/wrist and lower back from male reindeer herders were higher compared to blue-collar worker. Psychosocial risk factors for health were identified such as high workload on a few herders, difficulties to get relief and support as well as to get appreciation in work and lack of participation in decisionmaking among women were common in the organization of reindeer husbandry. The trust in healthcare and social services was lower among reindeer herding Sami compared to non-Sami majority population. A hypothesis is that healthcare professionals do not know that the "Reindeer cloud" (metaphor to iCloud) affects all parts in the reindeer herders life. The distrust are influenced by historically traumas, reindeer herding Sami experiences from healthcare professionals and healthcare organization and culturally generated norms.

    Conclusio: The thesis hypothesized that health disorders, attitude towards healthcare and psychosocial environment are important aspects when trying to understand the health situation among the reindeer herding Sami. There is a need to introduce long-term public health work for all Sami people, to establish ethical guidelines for Sami health research and develop healthcare services that provides access to healthcare for the reindeer herding Sami, on equal terms.

  • 2.
    Daerga, Laila
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Edin-Liljegren, A
    Dahlgren, L
    Sahlén, Klas-Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Lack of trust in health and social services among reindeer herding Sami in SwedenIn: Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3. Daerga, Laila
    et al.
    Edin-Liljegren, Anette
    Sjölander, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine.
    Work-related musculoskeletal pain among reindeer herding Sami in Sweden--a pilot study on causes and prevention.2004In: Int J Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, Vol. 63 Suppl 2, p. 343-8Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4. Daerga, Laila
    et al.
    Sjolander, Per
    Jacobsson, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Edin-Liljegren, Anette
    The confidence in health care and social services in northern Sweden: a comparison between reindeer-herding Sami and the non-Sami majority population2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 40, no 6, p. 516-522Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: To investigate the confidence in primary health care, psychiatry and social services among the reindeer-herding Sami and the non-Sami population of northern Sweden. Methods: A semi-randomized, cross-sectional study design comprising 325 reindeer-herding Sami (171 men, 154 women) and a control population of 1,437 non-Sami (684 men, 753 women). A questionnaire on the confidence in primary health care, psychiatry, social services, and work colleagues was distributed to members of reindeer-herding families through the Sami communities and to the control population through the post. The relative risk for poor confidence was analyzed by calculating odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals adjusted for age and level of education. Results: The confidence in primary health care and psychiatry was significantly lower among the reindeer-herding Sami compared with the control group. No differences were found between men and women in the reindeer-herding Sami population. In both the reindeer-herding Sami and the control population, younger people (<= 48 years) reported significantly lower confidence in primary health care than older individuals (>48 years). Conclusions: A conceivable reason for the poor confidence in health care organizations reported by the reindeer-herding Sami is that they experience health care staff as poorly informed about reindeer husbandry and Sami culture, resulting in unsuitable or unrealistic treatment suggestions. The findings suggest that the poor confidence constitutes a significant obstacle of the reindeer-herding Sami to fully benefit from public health care services.

  • 5. Edin-Liljegren, A
    et al.
    Daerga, Laila
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Sahlén, Klas-Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Jacobsson, L
    Psychosocial perspectives on working conditions among reindeer herding Sami in SwedenIn: Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Edin-Liljegren, Anette
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. Västerbottens läns landsting.
    Daerga, Laila
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Västerbottens läns landsting.
    Sahlén, Klas-Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Jacobsson, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Psychosocial Perspectives on Working Conditions among Men and Women in Reindeer Breeding in Sweden2017In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 31-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim of this project was to describe the work organisation in the Sami communities and in reindeer-herding work and to explore the range of female duties and compare how men and women experience their psychosocial working conditions. Design: A kind of intervention study was performed by means of a questionnaire sent out to 200 individuals from seven Sami communities. Questions were asked about work organisation, communication, personal relations, solitary work, support, participation and appreciation from colleagues and women's tasks. Meetings and discussions were held about what was perceived as being important in the life of the Sami communities. Notes from 16 group discussions were written down and analysed according to themes of topics relating to how men and women in the Sami communities experience their lives. Results: Communication and relations were described as being inadequate and some respondents experienced a heavy workload. The women reported more troubled relations, less participation in decision-making and less appreciation from colleagues. Positive issues reported were the Sami identity and a strong connection to the reindeer and to nature. Conclusions: This study indicates a need for a more systematic study of the psychosocial work conditions in the Sami communities in Sweden. Measures should be taken to develop the organisation of work, e.g. through developing communication strategies and conflict management, which has been requested by several Sami communities.

  • 7.
    Edin-Liljegren, Anette
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Sahlen, Klas-Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Jacobsson, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Daerga, Laila
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
    Reindeer-herding Sami experiences of seeking care in the mainstream society2016In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 75, no 33200Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Jacobsson, Lars
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry. Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    Fagerström, Anna
    Centre for Rural Medicine, County Council of Västerbotten, Umeå University, Umeå , Sweden.
    Daerga, Laila
    Centre for Rural Medicine, County Council of Västerbotten, Umeå University, Umeå , Sweden.
    Edin-Liljegren, Anette
    Centre for Rural Medicine, County Council of Västerbotten, Umeå University, Umeå , Sweden.
    Experiences of Psychiatric Care among Young Sami in Northern Sweden2016In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 75, no 33200Article in journal (Refereed)
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