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  • 1.
    Bergström, Niklas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Kontraurbanisering i Umeåregionen2002Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During the past decade almost every western society has experienced an urbanization process that has led to a substantial population growth in metropolitan areas. After World War II some periods of a reversed migration stream, so called counterurbanization, has occurred implying that population figures in smaller towns and some rural areas have increased. The purpose of this study is to describe whether any counterurbanization process has taken place in the Umeå urban region in Sweden. More precisely the aim is to analyze the migration pattern from the city of Umeå to the city’s hinterland defined by a distance of 50 kilometers, for the period 1985 to 1995. This is done in order, on one hand, to find characteristics for these people (incomeand education level, age, sex), and on the other hand, to find out if there is any spatial difference in attractiveness between places within the region. The following variables were tested with regard to their impact on outmigration patterns; the presence of smaller towns in the region; proximity to sea, lakes or rivers, distance from the city of Umeå; locations of second homes; access to a public road and the proximity to open land from the place of residence. The investigation shows that there are significant geographical differences of attraction levels between places in the region. The variable that is most important to explain where migrants fromUmeå have settled down is the presence of smaller towns. Another important explanation is the distance from the city of Umeå. The number of new inhabitants decreases according to an almost linear function with an increasing distance from Umeå. Proximity to water, open land and the access to public roads are also shown to be essential characteristics of some attractive places. People who have migrated from Umeå to the city’s hinterlands have an average income of 158.600 Sek. which is about 9.000 Sek. lower than the income of the inhabitants of Umeå. The education level among the migrant is also a bit lower than among people living in Umeå. As the differences between the migrants and the inhabitants of Umeå in fact are quite small, one may doubt that the counterurbanization from Umeå is a result of displacement.

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