umu.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
1 - 17 of 17
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Haake, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Police leaders make poor change agents: leadership practice in the face of a major organisational reform2017In: Policing & society, ISSN 1043-9463, E-ISSN 1477-2728, Vol. 27, no 7, p. 764-778Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article examines expectations on police leaders during major organisational change pressures. Based on policy analysis and interviews with 28 police leaders, the paper seeks to answer the following question: How do police leaders' accounts of leadership practice relate to expectations from higher ranks (above), subordinates (below) and police policies concerning leadership? The results of the paper indicate that police leaders are squeezed into a position between demands from above (top  management) and demands from below (lower organisational tiers). Some of the perceived expectations and practiced leadership actions are also gendered. For example, women feel the need to prove their credibility as leaders and to act in both a caring and daring manner, something that is not evident for male police leaders. Furthermore, the material indicates a considerable mismatch between the different sets of demands expressed in interviews and expectations regarding leadership expressed in police policy discourse, wherein core values and leadership criteria are articulated. In conclusion, the findings indicate a discrepancy between official rhetoric and practice, where the leadership constructed at a policy level deviates from leadership constructed in practice. This discrepancy is argued to represent an effective barrier for change initiatives, and hence the idea that police leaders will be able to function as agents of change promoting organisational reform is highly uncertain.

  • 2.
    Haake, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Reality strikes back: discrepancies between police leadership policy and practice in times of uncertainty and organizational turmoil2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Lindberg, Ola
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Competence in professional practice: a practice theory analysis of police and doctors2015In: Human Relations, ISSN 0018-7267, E-ISSN 1741-282X, Vol. 68, no 4, p. 561-582Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article outlines a theoretical understanding of competence as the inferred potential for desirable activity within a professional practice. By employing the concept of ‘teleoaffective structure’ as developed in Schatzki’s practice theory, our study investigates how notions of competent and excellent professionals are defined in two separate practices in which highly qualified professionals share formal qualifications. The study is comparative and based on a total of 39 interviews carried out in the Swedish National Police Counter-Terrorist Unit (police) and with recruiters of medical interns (doctors) in Swedish healthcare. Results indicate that, despite obvious differences between the professional groups in the study, some remarkable similarities are apparent in what are regarded as high levels of competence. Surprisingly, technical expertise was downplayed as an indicator of high levels of competence in both practices. The professional groups emphasized flexibility, drive/ambition and social competence, as well as the ability to balance between being highly capable and being humble before others, including other groups of professionals as characteristics of excellence. Based on the results, the authors discuss a ‘logic of excellence’ that can be used to describe mechanisms of competence differentiation in professional practices from a practice theory perspective.

  • 4.
    Lindberg, Ola
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Graduate employability as social suitability: professional competence from a practice theory perspective2017In: Graduate Employability in Context: Theory, Research and Debate  / [ed] Michael Tomlinson & Leonard Holmes, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, 1, p. 255-272Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What makes an employer decide in a graduate’s favour when applying for a new job? This question is urgent and important for many graduates who are hoping to get the upper hand in competing for their first job, yet research can tell us little about how to answer it. In an effort to inquire into this question, the following chapter outlines an understanding of graduate employability based in workplace practices. Practice theory is an umbrella term for a number of theories and concepts focusing on the importance of activity for understanding the social world. ‘The practice turn’ in social science seeks to bridge some problematic dualisms (such as actor-structure) in other theories. In the version of practice theory that will be presented below, we draw upon the theorisation presented by Theodore Schatzki (2001, 2005) and our previous work within this framework (Lindberg and Rantatalo 2015), in an effort to translate practice-theory concepts into research tools for examining graduate employability.

  • 5.
    Lindberg, Ola
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Hällgren, Markus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
    Making sense through false syntheses: Working with paradoxes in the reorganization of the Swedish police2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 175-184Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses how a working group in the Swedish police made sense of their task in the wake of reorganization. It aims to describe how inputs from top management prompted processes of sensemaking within the group, and their subsequent results in responding to latent paradoxes. The police group’s work was studied through participant observation, interviews and documents. The findings illustrate how the group made latent paradoxes salient and how they worked with these paradoxes to ultimately make them latent again by what we call “false syntheses”. Through this process, the group achieved its task, but the paradoxes were reproduced, made latent and pushed away to another part of the organization. Thus, sensemaking transforms paradoxes from latent to salient, from macro to micro levels of the organization.

  • 6.
    Lindberg, Ola
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Stenling, Cecilia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Police bodies and police minds: professional learning through bodily practices of sport participation2017In: Studies in Continuing Education, ISSN 0158-037X, E-ISSN 1470-126X, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 371-387Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the literature concerned with bodily perspectives on professional learning by reporting on a study of Swedish police officers’ sport participation as a form of occupational learning. The study seeks to answer how ideals of work practice and sport participation intersect, how professional learning is channelled through sport participation, and how such bodily practices might have excluding effects on professional participation. Using a practice theory framework, the Schatzkian concept of teleoaffective structure guides the analysis. Sixteen interviews were conducted with police officers who practice police sports. The analysis targeted symbolic manifestations of teleoaffectivity, and the findings indicate five overlapping ideals between sport and police practice. In addition, one police specific ideal was constructed. Based on these findings, we discuss how professionals learn by participation in practices not directly related to the work in question, and how such learning includes and excludes from participation.

  • 7.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Media representations and police officers’ identity work in a specialised police tactical unit2016In: Policing & society, ISSN 1043-9463, E-ISSN 1477-2728, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 97-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A growing body of research has highlighted how media representations of policing and contemporary police work are interconnected and influence each other. An under- explored dimension of this relation is how mediated representations of policing transfer meaning to police officers’ sensemaking of their occupational identities. With the aim of advancing knowledge on this issue, the following article reports a case study of a tactical police unit and explores what roles media representations of the unit play in serving police officers’ narrative ‘identity work’ relative to their work and their organisation. Methodologically, the article draws on an analysis of newspaper articles about the studied police unit and interviews with police officers working within the unit. The findings indicate that positively biased representations depicting the unit as heroic and elite had self-enhancing effects on police officers’ identifications, whilst critically oriented media narratives spurred reframing and projection of local counter- images of occupational work identity. These findings add to the present understanding of how the media affect real-life policing, by highlighting how these representations convey meanings to police practice and occupational identification.

  • 8.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Polisiär cykelpatrullering: en kunskapsöversikt och explorativ fallstudie om trafiksäkerhetsarbete i gång- och cykelnätverk2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Följande rapport undersöker erfarenheter och möjliga tillämpningsområden för polisiär patrullering med cykel. Specifikt undersöks frågan om hur cykelpatruller kan arbeta för ökad säkerhet inom cykel och gångtrafiknätverk i storstadsområden. Studien är explorativ till sin art och fokuserar på hur poliser med erfarenhet av cykelpatrullering uppfattar metodens inverkan på sociala normer, regelefterlevnad och riskbeteenden i cykel- och gångtrafiknätverk. Metodologiskt är studien kvalitativ och baseras på intervjuer med poliser, observationer av cykelpatrullering samt videodokumentation av polisens trafiksäkerhetsarbete med cyklar. Resultaten tyder på att cykelpatrullering är en lovande och innovativ åtgärd för att fokusera gångoch cykelnätverk i polisens arbete. De intervjuade poliserna rapporterade cykelpatrullering innebar ökad tillgänglighet och täta kontakter med allmänheten. Poliserna uppgav att deras närvaro hade en normativ effekt på beteenden hos cyklister och fotgängare. I rapporten diskuteras hur polisiära cykelpatruller kan vara en viktig källa för tyst kunskap om gång och cykeltrafik. Rekommenderade områden för fortsatta studier är hur cykelpatrullering kan riktas mot högriskområden, så kallade trafik ”hot spots” samt vilken signalvärde polisiära cykelpatruller har ur allmänhetens perspektiv

  • 9.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Sensemaking and organising in the policing of high risk situations: Focusing the Swedish Police National Counter-Terrorist Unit2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Specialised policing of critical incidents has previously been underexplored within scholarly research. Simultaneously, this type of policing has been recognised as a highly complex endeavour which hinges on an organisationalability to make sense of uncertainty and external contingencies. To build knowledge on the subject of specialised policing, the present thesis aims to explore processes of sensemaking and organising in the work context of specialised police units dedicated to the policing of high risk incidents. Two research questions have guided the thesis project viz.: 1) what ascribed meanings are coupled to specialised police unit work practice and; 2) how can organising of specialised police units be enacted in a reliable manner. These questions are empirically addressed through four part-studies: Study A amounts to a contextual literature study of previous research on specialised police units and aims at conceptual development of anomenclature describing police specialisation as a professional context. Study B in the thesis examines symbolic meanings connected to specialised police units and how such meanings relate to constructions of occupational identity of police officers working in a specialised police unit. With these studies as a contextual frame, study C within the thesis examines how leadership, management and ICT system within a specialised police unitimpacts organisational reliability and sensemaking during incident management. Finally, study D examines organisational reliability on an interpersonal level during incident management as it entails a study of collaboration between police practitioners conducting an intervention. The thesis employs a mainly ideographic and close practice approach to researchas the empirical examinations are focused upon one specific specialised police unit, namely the Swedish police’s National Counter-Terrorist Unit (NI). Using data collected through interviews, observations and archival sources, the thesis aims to contribute both to organisational developmentand to knowledge development within the scholarly community. In overview, the results of the thesis indicate that specialised policing on a level of ascribed meaning tend to be represented as exceptional, sensational and surrounded by inferences of elitism, machismo and violence. In extent, such representations inform serving police officers occupational identity workeither by spurring identification or dis-identification with prevailing accounts of meaning. On a level of organising, resilient policing of high risk incidents is shown to be dependent on an ability to favour flexibility, both through the organisational frameworks that frames incident management and in interpersonal enactment during task execution. This conclusion challenges day-to-day conceptualisation of specialised police units’ work practice as instrumental applications of coercion.

  • 10.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Using police bicycle patrols to manage social order in bicycle and pedestrian traffic networks: a Swedish case study2016In: The Police Journal, ISSN 0032-258X, E-ISSN 1740-5599, Vol. 89, no 1, p. 18-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how bicycle police units perceive their impact on social norms of rule compliance and risk behaviours in bicycle and pedestrian traffic networks. Using qualitative methods, a police bicycle patrol was analysed. Findings indicate that bicycle patrols are promising as an innovative measure to target bicycle and pedestrian traffic enforcement. Police reported that the bicycle patrol allowed increased accessibility and that police presence on bicycles had a positive normative impact on the behaviours of bike riders and pedestrians. The discussion encompasses the way in which bicycle patrol units hold important tacit knowledge of street life that could play a key role in policy making.

  • 11.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Haake, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Sparrhoff, Gun
    Linköpings universitet.
    Bäck, Thomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Den pluralistiska ledarskapsforskningen: en översikt över svenska avhandlingarom ledarskap 2003–20142016In: Nordiske organisasjonsstudier, ISSN 1501-8237, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 3-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ledarskap har i ett internationellt perspektiv studerats över tid men hittills vet vi ganska lite hur det svenska forskningslandskapet ser ut. Svensk ledarskapsforskninghar anekdotiskt konstaterats vara svag samtidigt som Sverige, med en arbetsmarknad präglad av samförstånd och korta beslutsvägar, utgör en intressant kontext för ledarskapsstudier. En delaspekt av forskning om ledarskap är hur fenomenet studerats i avhandlingar. Givet dessa konstateranden syftar följande forskningsöversikt till analysera doktorsavhandlingar om ledarskap skrivna 2003–2014. Specifikt besvaras fyra frågor: 1) Vilka ämnen och institutioner studerar ledarskap? 2) Vad studeras i avhandlingar om ledarskap? 3) Hur har ledarskap studerats? 4) Vilka kunskapsbidrag kan identifieras i de analyserade avhandlingarna? Totalt analyserades 70 avhandlingar i studien och valet att analysera avhandlingar motiveras av att doktorsavhandlingar kan spegla lokal praxis och trender i kunskapsbildning inom akademin. Resultatet visar på att ledarskap som forskningsfält är fragmenterat mellan olika ämnen och forskningsbedrivande institutioner, att kvalitativa metoder var vanligare än kvantitativa samt att förvånansvärt lite av forskningen relaterar till, eller tar avstamp ifrån, andra svenska eller skandinaviska forskargruppers arbeten. I artikeln diskuteras avslutningsvis hur bristande kommunikation mellan forskningsmiljöer kan hänga ihop med att ledarskap i många av destuderade avhandlingarna studerats instrumentellt som en delmängd av andra ämnesområden.

  • 12.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Collective reflection in practice: an ethnographic study of Swedish police training2016In: Reflective Practice, ISSN 1462-3943, E-ISSN 1470-1103, Vol. 17, no 6, p. 708-723Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although reflection has been viewed as an individual process, increased attention has been given to how reflective processes are socially anchored. The present article contributes to this knowledge through an examination of how collective reflection is enacted in the context of police education. The article is based on a one-year ethnographic study of police recruits undergoing training, and the main sources of data collection were participant observations and field interviews. The data were inductively analysed, and a model that differentiates amongst ‘specular’, ‘dialogic’ and ‘polyphonic’ reflection processes is presented. The findings suggest that collective reflection involving multiple individuals adds complexity to reflective processes and that these processes may take on more diverse forms than has been acknowledged, as previous research has mainly focused on dialogic collective reflection. The implications of these findings, such as how increased complexity may counteract the benefits of collective reflection, are also discussed.

  • 13.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ghazinour, Seyedmehdi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Lauritz, Lars-Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Hur utvecklas nya polisers reflexiva förmågor under yrkessocialisation? En agenda för framtida forskning.2015In: The past, the present and the future of police research: proceedings from the fifth Nordic police research seminar / [ed] Granér, Rolf & Kronkvist, Ola, Växjö: Linnæus University , 2015, p. 171-184Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Polisers förmåga att reflektera i och kring sin yrkespraktik blir en alltviktigare faktor i en snabbt föränderlig omvärld. För svensk polishandlar förändringen till exempel om metodförändringar som följerav ändrade tekniska möjligheter men också om den pågående organisationsförändringendär landets tidigare 21 polismyndigheter bliviten enda från 1 januari 2015. Organisationsförändringen är å enasidan en tydlig centralisering. Å andra sidan ska den, enligt både denutredning som föregått förändringen och enligt beslut som fattats igenomförandearbetet, leda till en decentralisering av beslutsfattandei polisers vardagsarbete. Med ett sådant förändrat mandat blir enskildapolisers förmåga att fatta egna beslut grundade på ett professionelltoch reflexivt förhållningssätt en allt viktigare framgångsfaktori polisverksamhet.I detta kapitel beskrivs ett projekt som undersöker polisstudentersutvecklande av reflexiva förmågor i utbildning och i tidig karriär.Huvudfrågan som behandlas är hur reflektion kan stödjas pedagogisktunder formell utbildning, i aspiranttjänstgöring samt i tidigyrkespraktik. I kapitlet presenterar vi en agenda för forskning omhur förutsättningarna för sådana processer kan förstås och främjas.

    Reflexiv praktik är ett ofta förekommande begrepp inom en arbetslivspedagogiskkontext och reflektion är ett begrepp som oftaomgärdas av en stark positiv retorik. Förmåga till reflektion har visatsig vara av stor betydelse för lärande i både utbildning och arbetslivoch visar sig stödja både problemlösning, innovation och generell kreativitet. Förmåga till reflektion anses också viktig för ett professionelltförhållningssätt i yrkessammanhang som kräver diskretionoch hög grad av autonomitet. I sådana sammanhang indikerarforskning att reflexiv praktik bidrar till ett effektivt erfarenhetsbaseratlärande och ett professionellt yrkesutövande (Boud, Cressey, &Docherty, 2006; Knipfer, Kump, Wessel, & Cress, 2013; Schön,1987).

    Trots att reflektion är ett vetenskapligt väl etablerat begrepp ärdet svårfångat på den praktiska nivån. Mycket uppmärksamhet harriktats mot individers och gruppers möjligheter till lärande och utvecklinggenom ett aktivt arbete med reflektion. Däremot finnsmindre kunskap om hur man på institutionell nivå kan organiseraverksamhet för att uppnå reflektion i olika sammanhang (Jordan,2010; Reynolds & Vince, 2004). Det finns en närmast total konsensusom att reflektion är något gott både i arbetslivet och i övrigalivet. Ändå vet vi inte mycket om hur en organisation ska formas föratt stödja den goda reflektionen. I detta kapitel visar vi på behovetav att undersöka organisatoriska förutsättningar för reflektion i polisiärgrundutbildning och tidig yrkeskarriär inom polisen.

  • 14.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Liminal practice and reflection in professional education: police education and medical education2018In: Studies in Continuing Education, ISSN 0158-037X, E-ISSN 1470-126X, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 351-366Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on a study of how liminality relates to the facilitation of reflective practice in professional education. Liminality refers to sites and positions that exhibit 'in-betweenness', or bordering positions, that might draw together different institutional conditions. The present project aims to examine the role of liminality in professional educational practice with a specific focus upon how liminality may support student reflection. Using a qualitative and comparative research approach, we analysed interview and observational data from police education and a medical programme. Observations and interviews explore practices of collective interactional (and hence observable) reflection at sites that are characterised by ‘betweenness’ of work and education. Findings indicate that situations that afford reflection are characterised by a sense of undeterminedness in terms of either the subject, space or activity. Thus, we conclude that there is some evidence that liminality affords reflection, but also that liminality and underminedness are fragile states that are not easily organised in a professional education curriculum.

  • 15.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Kihlberg, Robert
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
    Hällgren, Markus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Negotiations and Research Bargains: Bending Professional Norms in the Effort to Gain Field Access2018In: International Journal of Qualitative Methods, ISSN 1609-4069, E-ISSN 1609-4069, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study provides an autoethnographic account of the efforts to gain field access to a police organization, spanning more than 2 years. The aim is to describe a case of gaining access in relation to the professional norms of science put forward by Robert K. Merton. Aided by an organized record of notes, e-mails, and other written communications regarding access (144 memos of various types), the study describes and discusses the negotiations with Mertonian norms that followed from the dissonance between ideals of research and practical reality. Opening up for further scholarly discussion, this article concludes that Merton’s norms are incongruent with both prevailing guidelines of research ethics and with the practical, short-term problems of access negotiations and research bargains.

  • 16.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Sjöberg, David
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Supporting roles in live simulations: how observers and confederates can facilitate learning2019In: Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 1363-6820, E-ISSN 1747-5090, Vol. 71, no 3, p. 482-499Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Live simulations in which students perform the roles of future professionals or act as confederates (i.e. student actors) are important training activities in different types of vocational education. While previous research has focused on the learning of students who enact a professional, secondary roles in scenario training, such as student observers and confederates, have received inadequate attention. The present study focuses on student observers and confederates in order to examine how these roles can support the learning of other participants in live simulations and to determine how the experience of performing these roles can become a learning experience for the performers. A total of 15 individual interviews and 1 group interview of students attending Swedish police training were conducted. The study findings indicated that the observer role is characterised by distance and detachment, and the confederate role by directness and sensory involvement. Both roles can support as well as inhibit intentional learning for primary participants and offer learning experiences for those playing the roles. The study theorises these roles and lists practical implications for planning live simulations in vocational education and training.

  • 17.
    Sjöberg, David
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    What students who perform in "secondary roles" can learn from scenario training in vocational education2019In: International Journal for Research in Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2197-8638, E-ISSN 2197-8646, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 46-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Context: Learning through scenario training and live simulation in vocational education is generally regarded as an effective tool for developing professional knowledge. However, previous research has largely overlooked the learning of students in secondary roles in scenario training. The objective of this study is to explore learning for students who act in secondary roles during scenario training in vocational educational settings. 

    Method: The studied case entails scenario training for police students in a Swedish police education programme. A case study design, which included both participant observation and a questionnaire, was used. The analytic lens applied was inspired by practice theory and focused on how structural and situational arrangements of the training activity affect learning. 

    Results: Our findings show that students who act in secondary roles learn from their scenario training experiences, but this learning often is overlooked in the design of training activities. Due to the structural arrangements of training activities, learning emerged as students in secondary roles were tasked to support the primary participants in relation to their learning objectives. In addition, it emerged in how students in secondary roles used previous scenario training experiences in relation to the current scenario and its learning objectives. Examples of learning from situational arrangements emerged as students in secondary roles formulated and provided feedback to primary participants and through informal discussions and reflection processes. Learning also emerged as students in secondary roles embodied the “other” during scenario training, something that provided the students with new perspectives on police encounters. 

    Conclusions: We theorize and extract three dimensions for how learning emerges in this case for secondary participants. It emerges through embodying the “other”, in students’ sensory experiences, and through reconstruction of knowledge through repetition. However, our findings also show that learning for students in secondary roles can be improved through mindful set-up and design. Based on the findings, our article provides a discussion and suggestions on how scenario training can be planned and set-up to develop professional knowledge for students in secondary roles.

1 - 17 of 17
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf