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  • 1.
    Bidleman, Terry F.
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kemiska institutionen.
    Andersson, Agneta
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap. Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå marina forskningscentrum (UMF).
    Brugel, Sonia
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap. Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå marina forskningscentrum (UMF).
    Ericson, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Haglund, Peter
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kemiska institutionen.
    Kupryianchyk, Darya
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kemiska institutionen.
    Lau, Danny C. P.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Liljelind, Per
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kemiska institutionen.
    Lundin, Lisa
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kemiska institutionen.
    Tysklind, Anders
    Tysklind, Mats
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kemiska institutionen.
    Bromoanisoles and Methoxylated Bromodiphenyl Ethers in Macroalgae from Nordic Coastal Regions2019Ingår i: Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, ISSN 2050-7887, E-ISSN 2050-7895, s. 881-892Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Marine macroalgae are used worldwide for human consumption, animal feed, cosmetics and agriculture. In addition to beneficial nutrients, macroalgae contain halogenated natural products (HNPs), some of which have toxic properties similar to those of well-known anthropogenic contaminants. Sixteen species of red, green and brown macroalgae were collected in 2017–2018 from coastal waters of the northern Baltic Sea, Sweden Atlantic and Norway Atlantic, and analyzed for bromoanisoles (BAs) and methoxylated bromodiphenyl ethers (MeO-BDEs). Target compounds were quantified by gas chromatography-low resolution mass spectrometry (GC-LRMS), with qualitative confirmation in selected species by GC-high resolution mass spectrometry (GC-HRMS). Quantified compounds were 2,4-diBA, 2,4,6-triBA, 2′-MeO-BDE68, 6-MeO-BDE47, and two tribromo-MeO-BDEs and one tetrabromo-MeO-BDE with unknown bromine substituent positions. Semiquantitative results for pentabromo-MeO-BDEs were also obtained for a few species by GC-HRMS. Three extraction methods were compared; soaking in methanol, soaking in methanol–dichloromethane, and blending with mixed solvents. Extraction yields of BAs did not differ significantly (p > 0.05) with the three methods and the two soaking methods gave equivalent yields of MeO-BDEs. Extraction efficiencies of MeO-BDEs were significantly lower using the blend method (p < 0.05). For reasons of simplicity and efficiency, the soaking methods are preferred. Concentrations varied by orders of magnitude among species: ∑2BAs 57 to 57 700 and ∑5MeO-BDEs < 10 to 476 pg g−1 wet weight (ww). Macroalgae standing out with ∑2BAs >1000 pg g−1 ww were Ascophyllum nodosumCeramium tenuicorneCeramium virgatumFucus radicansFucus serratusFucus vesiculosusSaccharina latissimaLaminaria digitata, and Acrosiphonia/Spongomorpha sp. Species A. nodosumC. tenuicorneChara virgataF. radicans and F. vesiculosus (Sweden Atlantic only) had ∑5MeO-BDEs >100 pg g−1ww. Profiles of individual compounds showed distinct differences among species and locations.

  • 2. Hale, Sarah E.
    et al.
    Arp, Hans Peter H.
    Kupryianchyk, Darya
    Department of Environmental Engineering, Norwegian Geotechnical Institute (NGI).
    Cornelissen, Gerard
    A synthesis of parameters related to the binding of neutral organic compounds to charcoal2016Ingår i: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 144, s. 65-74Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract The sorption strength of neutral organic compounds to charcoal, also called biochar was reviewed and related to charcoal and compound properties. From 29 studies, 507 individual Freundlich sorption coefficients were compiled that covered the sorption strength of 107 organic contaminants. These sorption coefficients were converted into charcoal-water distribution coefficients (KD) at aqueous concentrations of 1 ng/L, 1 µg/L and 1 mg/L. Reported log KD values at 1 µg/L varied from 0.38 to 8.25 across all data. Variation was also observed within the compound classes; pesticides, herbicides and insecticides, PAHs, phthalates, halogenated organics, small organics, alcohols and PCBs. Five commonly reported variables; charcoal production temperature T, surface area SA, H/C and O/C ratios and organic compound octanol–water partitioning coefficient, were correlated with KD values using single and multiple-parameter linear regressions. The sorption strength of organic compounds to charcoals increased with increasing charcoal production temperature T, charcoal SA and organic pollutant octanol–water partitioning coefficient and decreased with increasing charcoal O/C ratio and charcoal H/C ratio. T was found to be correlated with SA (r2 = 0.66) and O/C (r2 = 0.50), particularly for charcoals produced from wood feedstocks (r2 = 0.73 and 0.80, respectively). The resulting regression: log KD = (0.18 ± 0.06) log Kow + (5.74 ± 1.40) log T + (0.85 ± 0.15) log SA + (1.60 ± 0.29) log OC + (−0.89 ± 0.20) log HC + (−13.20 ± 3.69), r2 = 0.60, root mean squared error = 0.95, n = 151 was obtained for all variables. This information can be used as an initial screening to identify charcoals for contaminated soil and sediment remediation.

  • 3.
    Kupryianchyk, Darya
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kemiska institutionen.
    Giesler, Reiner
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Bidleman, Terry F.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kemiska institutionen.
    Liljelind, Per
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kemiska institutionen.
    Lau, Danny Chun Pong
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Sponseller, Ryan A.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Andersson, Patrik L.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kemiska institutionen.
    Industrial and natural compounds in filter-feeding black fly larvae and water in 3 tundra streams2018Ingår i: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, ISSN 0730-7268, E-ISSN 1552-8618, Vol. 37, nr 12, s. 3011-3017Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We report concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, novel flame retardants, and naturally occurring bromoanisoles in water and filter-feeding black fly (Simuliidae) larvae in 3 tundra streams in northern Sweden. The results demonstrate that black fly larvae accumulate a wide range of organic contaminants and can be used as bioindicators of water pollution in Arctic streams.

  • 4.
    Kupryianchyk, Darya
    et al.
    Norwegian Geotechnical Institute, P.O. Box 3930 Ullevål Stadion, 0806 Oslo, Norway.
    Hale, Sarah E.
    Breedveld, Gijs D.
    Cornelissen, Gerard
    Treatment of sites contaminated with perfluorinated compounds using biochar amendment2016Ingår i: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 142, s. 35-40Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Per- and polyfluorinated compounds (PFCs) have been attracting increasing attention due to their considerable persistence, bioaccumulation, and toxicity. Here, we studied the sorption behavior of three PFCs, viz. perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorooctanecarboxylic acid (PFOA), perfluorohexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS), on one activated carbon (AC) and two biochars from different feedstocks, viz. mixed wood (MW) and paper mill waste (PMW). In addition, we explored the potential of remediating three natively PFC contaminated soils by the addition of AC or biochar. The sorption coefficient i.e. Freundlich coefficients Log KF, (μg/kg)/(μg/L)n, for the two biochars were 4.61 ± 0.11 and 4.41 ± 0.05 for PFOS, 3.02 ± 0.04 and 3.01 ± 0.01 for PFOA, and 3.21 ± 0.07 and 3.18 ± 0.03 for PFHxS, respectively. The AC sorbed the PFCs so strongly that aqueous concentrations were reduced to below detection limits, implying that the Log KF values were above 5.60. Sorption capacities decreased in the order: AC &gt; MW &gt; PMW, which was consistent with the material’s surface area and pore size distribution. PFC sorption to MW biochar was near-linear (Freundlich exponent nF of 0.87–0.90), but non-linear for PMW biochar (0.64–0.73). Addition of the AC to contaminated soils resulted in almost complete removal of PFCs from the water phase and a significant (i.e. 1–3 Log unit) increase in soil–water distribution coefficient Log Kd. However, small to no reduction in pore water concentration, and no effect on Log Kd was found for the biochars. We conclude that amendment with AC but not biochar can be a useful method for in situ remediation of PFC-contaminated soils.

  • 5.
    Kupryianchyk, Darya
    et al.
    Norwegian Geotechnical Institute, Oslo, Norway.
    Hale, Sarah
    Zimmerman, Andrew R.
    Harvey, Omar
    Rutherford, David
    Abiven, Samuel
    Knicker, Heike
    Schmidt, Hans-Peter
    Rumpel, Cornelia
    Cornelissen, Gerard
    Sorption of hydrophobic organic compounds to a diverse suite of carbonaceous materials with emphasis on biochar2016Ingår i: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 144, s. 879-887Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Carbonaceous materials like biochars are increasingly recognized as effective sorbent materials for sequestering organic pollutants. Here, we study sorption behavior of two common hydrophobic organic contaminants 2,2',5,5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (CB52) and phenanthrene (PHE), on biochars and other carbonaceous materials (CM) produced at a wide range of conditions and temperatures from various feedstocks. The primary aim was to establish structure–reactivity relationships responsible for the observed variation in CM and biochar sorption characteristics. CM were characterized for their elemental composition, surface area, pore size distribution, aromaticity and thermal stability. Freundlich sorption coefficients for CB52 and PHE (i.e. LogKF,CB52 and KF,PHE, respectively) to CM showed a variation of two to three orders of magnitude, with LogKF,CB52 ranging from 5.12 ± 0.38 to 8.01 ± 0.18 and LogKF,PHE from 5.18 ± 0.09 to 7.42 ± 1.09. The highest LogKF values were observed for the activated CM, however, non-activated biochars produced at high temperatures (&gt;700 °C) sorbed almost as strongly (within 0.2–0.5 Log units) as the activated ones. Sorption coefficients significantly increased with pyrolysis temperature, CM surface area and pore volume, aromaticity, and thermal stability, and decreased with H/C, O/C, (O + N)/C content. The results of our study contribute to the understanding of processes underlying HOC sorption to CM and explore the potential of CM as engineered sorbents for environmental applications.

  • 6. Rakowska, Magdalena I.
    et al.
    Smit, Martijn P. J.
    Kupryianchyk, Darya
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kemiska institutionen. Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management Group, Department of Environmental Sciences, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
    Qin, Jinyi
    Koelmans, Albert A.
    Rijnaarts, Huub H. M.
    Grotenhuis, Tim
    Turbulent mixing accelerates PAH desorption due to fragmentation of sediment particle aggregates2017Ingår i: Journal of Soils and Sediments, ISSN 1439-0108, E-ISSN 1614-7480, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 277-285Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Stripping contaminants from sediments with granular activated carbon (GAC) is a promising remediation technique in which the effectiveness depends on the rate of contaminant extraction from the sediment by the GAC. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of mixing intensity on the short-term extraction rate of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from contaminated sediment.

    Materials and methods: PAH desorption from sediment at a wide range of rotational speeds (min−1; rotations per minute (rpm)) was monitored by uptake in Tenax polymeric resins using a completely mixed batch reactor. Desorption data were interpreted using a radial diffusion model. Desorption parameters obtained with the radial diffusion model were correlated with particle size measurements and interpreted mechanistically.

    Results and discussion: Fast desorption rate constants, De/r2, with De the effective diffusion coefficient and r the particle radius, ranged from 3.7 × 10−3 to 1.1 × 10−1 day−1 (PHE) and 6 × 10−6 to 1.9 × 10−4 day−1(CHR), respectively, and increased with the intensity of mixing. The De/r2 values would correspond to De ranges of 1.8 × 10−14–1.2 × 10−16 m2 × day−1 and 1.8 × 10−12–3.7 × 10−15 m2 × day−1, assuming fast desorption from the measured smallest particle size (9 μm) classes at 200 and 600 rpm, respectively.

    Conclusions: Desorption of PAHs was significantly accelerated by a reduction of particle aggregate size caused by shear forces that were induced by mixing. The effective intra-particle diffusion coefficients, De, were larger at higher mixing rates.

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