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  • 1.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Aging and Dependency in Sweden's Welfare Services2013In: An Insatiable Dialectic: Essays in Critique, Modernity, and Humanism / [ed] Roberto Cantú, Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing , 2013, 1, p. 196-215Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    At tilegne sig et nyt sprog2013In: Læring i og af klinisk praksis / [ed] Stinne Glasdam & Steen Hundborg, København: Nyt Nordisk Forlag Arnold Busck , 2013, 1, p. 89-103Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Det gäller att hushålla med kommunens resurser: biståndsbedömares syn på äldres sociala behov2004In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, Vol. 11, no 3-4, p. 275-292Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Det ligger i tiden: Tid för rutiner i omsorgsarbetet?2006In: Tid för utveckling?, Studentlitteratur, Lund , 2006, p. 25-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Freedom of choice in Swedish public care of the elderly: a care-worker perspective on the challanges of care and care work2013In: Tracing the women-friendly welfare state: gendered politics of everyday life in Sweden / [ed] Åsa Gunnarsson, Göteborg: Makadam , 2013, 1, p. 170-189Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Individualisering2016In: Förändringsperspektiv på äldreomsorg: att leva som andra / [ed] Stina Johansson & Annika Taghizadeh Larsson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016, 1, p. 129-138Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lokala värdighetsgarantier: att skapa(o)lika villkor i äldreomsorgen?2018In: Äldreomsorger i Sverige: lokala variationer och generella trender / [ed] Håkan Jönson & Marta Szebehely, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2018, 1, p. 59-73Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Myndighetsutövning i äldreomsorgen: att skapa likhet i äldres behov?2007In: Social omsorg i socialt arbete, Gleerups, Malmö , 2007, p. 21-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Omsorg under förhandling: - om tid, behov och kön i en föränderlig hemtjänstverksamhet2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish welfare state, and public elderly care of today in particular, is under transformation in many respects. Organisational restructuring, such as downsizing and new forms of organisation, mainly influenced by New Public Management, are some of the factors that have affected home care service. The purchaser/provider model is the applied organising model in the investigated municipality in one of the bigger towns in Northern Sweden. These changes, in combination with demographic changes which means an increasing elderly group who receive home care service, and the fact that more men carry out the care work, point towards some important themes such as time, needs and gender.

    The empirical material, consisting mainly of interviews, has been analysed from both a theoretical and empirical perspective. The voices of three groups; the care managers’, the care workers’ and the elderlys’ have been allowed to “inform” each other. The focus has directly and indirectly been on the elderly and the care they do or do not receive. The aim is to describe and analyse the conditions for meetings that take place between the elderly and staff in a home care service in transformation, based on the statements given by the different actors. Twelve women and four men in the group of care workers and six female care managers were interviewed. Four women and two men represented the group of elderly. A perspective on strangership, influenced by Simmel, is introduced to illustrate some of the aspects that cannot be taken for granted in care in a changing public home care service.

    Methodological choices and how these are handled, have been crucial. Important conclusions made are that meetings that take place in the home care service may look very different and can therefore not be viewed in terms of either only one aspect or another, or a combination of both, but rather as in concurrence. Time, needs and gender are subjected to negotiations in the hierarchy of the social services. The problems connected with time and the view of needs, are constantly moving around within and between the groups, but nevertheless remain. Gender is present in home care service in a way that contradicts the officially fixed neutrality of gender. A typical example is when care managers argue that gender is not a relevant factor in the needs assessments, even though this seems to be the case. The public home care service constitutes an arena, where constant negotiations between different groups and on different levels take place. In this divided organisation, negotiations concerning time, needs and gender are continuously in progress.

    Keywords: Care, elderly care meetings, elderly, care managers, care workers, public home care service, home care service in transformation, time, needs, gender, strangership, negotiations

  • 10.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Paradoxes of gender in elderly care: the case of men as care workers in Sweden2012In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 166-181Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish public system of elderly care is highly relevant for studying gender relations, specifically when male care workers are more frequently seen within this female-coded field of practice. In this article, qualitative interviews with male and female care workers, elderly women and men, and care managers are analysed to discover how they talk about care work and how gender is expressed, both implicitly and explicitly, in the materialization of care. By illuminating the dynamics of how gender is constructed and negotiated in the intersection of the different actors' perspectives, the paradoxes of gender appeared. The care workers' moral responsibility seemed to undermine equality between male and female care workers, and the elderly clients' gendered expectations and representations created inequality in care work. Furthermore, the gender-neutral assessments made by the care managers came to favour elderly men. Thus, the results suggest the importance of capturing the different perspectives in society's institutions, such as elderly care, in order to understand the complexities of gendered processes.

  • 11.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Personlig hygiejne som en intim situation2016In: Det nære sundhedsvæsen: perspektiver på samfundsudvikling og møder mellem mennsker / [ed] Stinne Glasdam & Jette Westenholz Jørgensen, Københamn: Munksgaard Forlag, 2016, 1, p. 115-122Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Röster från hemtjänsten2010In: Omsorg och mångfald / [ed] Stina Johansson, Malmö: Gleerups , 2010, p. 164-178Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    The neglect of time as an aspect of organising care work2008In: Care work in crisis: Reclaiming the Nordic ethos of care, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2008, p. 342-374Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Valfrihet och mångfald: ett dilemma för hemtjänsten2010In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 17, no 3-4, p. 308-325Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Äldreomsorg och kön2007In: Social omsorg i socialt arbete, Gleerups, Malmö , 2007, p. 18-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Andersson, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ahnlund, Petra
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Urvalets betydelse för kvalitativa studier i teori och praktik2009In: Att forska i socialt arbete: utmaningar, förhållningssätt och metoder / [ed] Lena Dahlgren, Lennart Sauer, 2009, 1Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Andersson, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Blom, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Moren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sauer, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Teorigenerering och kvalitativ analys i NUD*IST: Forskare i socialt arbete beskriver och reflekterar2004Report (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Andersson, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Blom, BjörnUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.Morén, StefanUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.Sauer, LennartUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Welfare.
    Teorigenerering och kvalitativ analys i NUD*IST.: Forskare i socialt arbete beskriver och reflekterar2004Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Andersson, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hanberger, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Governance, Accountability, and Organizational Development: Eldercare Unit Managers' and Local Politicians' Experiences of and Responses to State Supervision of Swedish Eldercare2018In: Journal of Aging & Social Policy, ISSN 0895-9420, E-ISSN 1545-0821, Vol. 30, no 5, p. 419-439Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores how local politicians and care unit managers in Swedish eldercare experience and respond to state supervision. Twelve politicians and 12 managers in 15 previously inspected municipalities were interviewed about their experiences of and reactions to state supervision (SSV) in relation to their views of care quality and routines in eldercare practice. The findings indicate that local managers and political chairs perceived SSV in eldercare positively at a superficial level, but were critical of and disappointed with specific aspects of it: in terms of a) governance—chairs and managers said SSV strengthened implementation of national policies via local actors, but were critical of SSV’s narrow focus on control and flaws in eldercare practice; b) accountability—SSV was seen as limited to accountability for finances and systemic performance; and c) organizational development—SSV was seen as limited to improving routines and compliance with legislation, while local definitions of quality are broader than that. In general, local actors regarded SSV as improving administrative aspects and routines in practice but ignoring the relational content of eldercare quality.

  • 20.
    Andersson, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hanberger, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Statlig tillsyn2019In: Perspektiv på granskning inom offentlig sektor: med äldreomsorgen som exempel / [ed] Anders Hanberger & Lena Lindgren, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2019, p. 55-70Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Andersson, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Biståndshandläggning och mötet med det främmande2017In: Social omsorg i socialt arbete: grunder och fördjupningar / [ed] Stina Johansson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2017, 1, p. 75-88Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Andersson, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Valfrihet som dilemma2010In: Omsorg och mångfald / [ed] Stina Johansson, Malmö: Gleerups , 2010, p. 116-131Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Andersson, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Kalman, Hildur
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Methodological challenges in the implementation and evaluation of social welfare policies2012In: International Journal of Social Research Methodology, ISSN 1364-5579, E-ISSN 1464-5300, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 69-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As social reality is quite elusive, even regarding seemingly well-recognized everyday concepts and objects, there are always methodological challenges underlying assessments and evaluations of implementation policies. The present article addresses this area of concern by presenting the results of a rereading of an empirical study of elderly home care services. Our results reveal the emergence of a dissolution of common and professional key concepts and objects in these welfare services to a degree that challenges both the implementation policy and the evaluation of policy. We claim that this has methodological implications for evaluation of implementation policies in general.

  • 24.
    Andersson, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kalman, Hildur
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Strategies to handle the challenges of intimacy in nighttime home care services2017In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 219-230Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The provision of intimate and personal care constitutes a challenge for both careworkers and care recipients and is still a neglected area of research. An observational study of the interaction between the careworkers and care recipients in night-time home care services was conducted in a large municipality in Sweden. The results were analysed in light of previous research and theorising on strategies for handling intimacy in intimate care. The study highlights what appears to be a tension between the ways in which the recipient of care is conceptualised as an active consumer of care in present-day guidelines and the strategies chosen on the part of both caregivers and care recipients, when intimacy and integrity is most at stake, and framed as it is by the care recipients' situation of dependency and vulnerability. Home care services night-time was shown to be a case that markedly differs from many other settings of intimate care, but in the interactional routines intimate care came forth as a smooth and minimally obtrusive activity. The careworkers and care recipients engaged in strategies such as disattention, eye-discipline, middle-distance orientation, and objectification, thereby serving the purpose of balancing the transgressions of thresholds of intimacy.

  • 25.
    Andersson, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kvist, Elin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The neoliberal turn and the marketization of care: the transformation of eldercare in Sweden2015In: The European Journal of Women's Studies, ISSN 1350-5068, E-ISSN 1461-7420, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 274-287Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The care for older and disabled people has been described as a core area of the Nordic model. The Nordic countries’ welfare model has also been described as women friendly, as women are not forced to make harder choices than men between work and family. The Swedish eldercare system has, during the last several decades, undergone significant changes. Previously, eldercare could be described as universal, meaning a publicly provided, comprehensive, high-quality service available to all citizens according to need and not based on the ability to pay. In later years transformation of eldercare has been influenced by neoliberal politics, which emphasize economic efficiency and cost reduction through competition. Eldercare has become a more diverse multidimensional system, and a private market for home-based eldercare has been created. The numbers of eldercare providers have increased considerably, and new ways of organizing eldercare have been established. In January 2009, the Act on System of Choice in the Public Sector was introduced (in Swedish: Lagen om valfrihetssystem [LOV]). The Act was supposed to provide an opportunity for interested municipalities and county councils to expose their publicly provided services to market competition, and to enable users to choose their providers. This article aims to illustrate how neoliberal reasoning dominated the policy process leading to adoption of the Act on System of Choice in the Public Sector. With the use of a discursive policy analysis the authors specifically explore how neoliberal logic dominated, and also how choice and equality were understood and interpreted in the policy process. They conclude that the neoliberal turn in eldercare claiming to centre on the individual choice of persons in need of care runs the risk of creating unequal care that decentres the eldercare worker and creates precarious work situations.

  • 26. Andersson, Katarina
    et al.
    Sjölund, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Högskolan i Gävle.
    Challenges in Elderly Night-Time Care: Dignity 24 Hours a Day in Swedish Elderly Home Care Services?2017In: Innovation in Aging, Volume 1, Issue suppl_1, 1 July 2017, Pages 302,: Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. 2017, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The research study explores a large knowledge gap within Swedish elderly care – namely the challenges of within home care services at night. Despite that home care services is the most common support given to the elderly in Sweden. The few National and International studies that exist on night-time care, have focused on residential care facilities for the elderly. Therefore, focus here is on night-time care in their own homes, given by the night patrol – which we know very little about.

    In the last decades, organizational transformation has taken place within elderly care towards increased rationalization and marketization. Along with demographical changes, this raises questions of dignified care, equal social rights and access to care. As the elderly are living longer and living in their own homes with severe disability and vulnerability, the pressure on home care services will increase – including at night. Dignity in care has been legislated in the Swedish Social Services Act, but is vaguely implemented, specifically at night.

    Discussed are results of an interview survey with managers responsible for night-time home care services in 50 Swedish municipalities. How night-time care is organized varies depending on local governance, location and size of municipalities. This indicates challenges for equal access to care, depending on where you live. Care workers experience time pressure at night with many fragile elderly in need of care. How efforts to secure dignity and safety for older people varies over night is therefore important to reveal, not the least from a social equality perspective.

  • 27.
    Hanberger, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Can state supervision improve eldercare? An analysis of the assumptions of the Swedish supervision model2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Can state supervision improve eldercare? An analysis of the assumptions of the Swedish supervision model

    Background: Lately the supervision of Swedish eldercare has been reinforced to ensure better compliance with laws and regulations. Policy-makers express high expectation that this reform will improve quality in eldercare, and ensure older citizens a good and equal distribution of eldercare.

    Purpose: The aim of this paper is to unfold the underlying assumptions of how the supervision model (inspectorate) is intended to work to ensure and improve quality in Swedish eldercare, and to probe the validity of the assumptions.

    Method: A program theory analysis is carried out to describe how state supervision is assumed to work to achieve intended effects. These assumptions are referred to as the supervision’s program theory. A policy scientific method is applied to reconstruct the program theory. Once the program theory is described its consistence is analyzed and the validity is assessed against supervision theory and caring theory.

    Results: The assumption that the supervised will improve compliance with laws and regulations has some validity but confined to aspects of eldercare being supervised. The theories we used provide no support that supervision is an effective tool for improving quality in eldercare.

    Conclusions: Reinforced supervision cannot be justified with reference to supervision being an effective tool or mechanism to enhance quality in eldercare. However, some kind of supervision is necessary for transparency and holding local governments, and public and private service providers to account for compliance with the statues. Supervision also reinforce the national objectives and standards that should guide social service committees and eldercare service providers.

  • 28.
    Hanberger, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå Centre for Evaluation Research (UCER).
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Can state supervision improve eldercare?: An analysis of the soundness of the Swedish supervision model2018In: British Journal of Social Work, ISSN 0045-3102, E-ISSN 1468-263X, Vol. 48, no 2, p. 371-389Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the assumptions regarding how Swedish state supervision (SSV) ofeldercare is to achieve its intended effects. It explores how SSV is intended to work toensure and improve eldercare quality, and theoretically and empirically assesses the validityof its guiding assumptions with programme theory methodology. The theoreticalassessment suggests that most intended effects are partly achieved, though the qualityenhancingassumption finds little support in caring research. The assumption that thesupervised parties will improve their compliance with laws and regulations has some validity,but this compliance is temporary and confined to the aspects of eldercare beingsupervised. Twenty-four interviews with the chairs of Social Welfare Committees andcare unit managers provide empirical support for all but two intended effects. SSV hasnot increased ‘awareness of national regulative demands in eldercare’ or contributed to‘general quality improvement in eldercare’. Four unintended effects of SSV were also recognisedin the interviews—for example, unsupervised caring activities were less prioritised.The authors conclude that, although SSV does little to improve eldercare quality, itis needed for transparency and accountability as well as to hold local governments andpublic and private service providers to account for compliance with national statutes.

  • 29.
    Hanberger, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå University.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University.
    Lindgren, Lena
    Förvaltningshögskolan, Göteborgs universitet.
    Tillsyn och öppna jämförelser: exemplet äldreomsorgen2015Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Äldreomsorg har genom olika former av utvärdering fått avsevärt ökad uppmärksamhet i media och politisk debatt. I denna session diskuteras vilka konsekvenser som två dominerande former av utvärdering – tillsyn och öppna jämförelser – har för äldreomsorgens styrning, ansvarsutkrävande och verksamhetsutveckling. Sessionen utgår från resultat från ett Forte-finansierat forskningsprojekt om användning av utvärdering i äldreomsorgen.

  • 30.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Framing of intimate care in home care services2015In: Active Ageing and Demographic Change: Challenges for social work and social policy / [ed] Siniša Zrinščak and Susan Lawrence, New York: Routledge, 2015, p. 90-102Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Framing of Intimate Care in Home Care Services2014In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 402-414Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Provision of intimate care is a challenge for the care worker, as well as for the recipient of care, in terms both of how this care is to be performed and of how to manage feelings such as anxiety and embarrassment. In home care services, most intimate care work is performed by non-professionals who have received little or no formal or in-house training, and who are at risk of being left to devise their own methods or coping strategies. This article reports on a participant observation study of intimate care in home care services in Sweden. The strategies used to handle intimacy in care work displayed similarities, as well as dissimilarities, to those of professional framing identified in earlier studies of medical and nursing practice. There are similarities in terms of how framing was accomplished in a balance between a distanced matter-of-fact stance and one of personal acknowledgement created in interplay between care workers and care recipient. There are dissimilarities in terms of the challenges presented by the home care setting. As the relationship between care worker and care recipient in intimate care is a particularly precarious one, lack of guidance and formal training may hamper care and lead to neglect.

  • 32.
    Kamp, Annette
    et al.
    Roskilde University.
    Obstfelder, Aud
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Welfare Technologies in Care Work2019In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 9, no S5, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Nouf-Latif, Faten
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Markström, Urban
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Encouraging real or make-believe citizen-workers?: Narratives of self-realization versus disabling support-to-work contexts by individuals with High Functioning Autism2019In: Alter;European Journal of Disability Research ;Journal Europeen de Recherche Sur le Handicap, ISSN 1875-0672, E-ISSN 1875-0680, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 126-140Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden, like other Western countries, has a disability legislation that coexists with the Active Labour Market Policies. ALMP address a discourse emphasizing the importance of the able and productive ‘citizen-worker’, who is expected to crafthis/her own success through meaningful personal goals and ambitions. This discourse also impacts disability groups who are actualized for support-to-work interventions, such as people with high-functioning autism (HFA). The objective of this paper is to analyse how narratives targeting ambitions and self-realisation in work life are expressed by individuals with HFA in relation to the citizen-worker discourse. This ethnographic study comprises 26 qualitative interview narratives by 11 participants with HFA. Findings indicate that the participants have developed a strong citizen-worker identity. The will is an essential point of gravity, expressed through notions of individual meaningfulness and ambitions of being perceived as resources in any vocational context. Barriers to these ambitions are experienced as personally counteractive support-to-work practices. These results suggest that disability legislation and policies are caught in a mantra of stagnating normalisation, resulting in disability-worker interventions that are incompatible with meanings emphasized in the citizen-worker discourse, which is the new ‘normal’ of today.

  • 34.
    Stina, Johansson
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Katarina, Andersson
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Diversity: A challenge to the Scandinavian Care Regime ?2008In: Forum on Public Policy Online, Vol. Spring 2008 edition, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a European comparison the Scandinavian countries are described as women friendly. Men as care workers as well as immigrants (both female and male) mean new dilemmas. The intersection of gender and ethnicity emerges as a key dimension of the multicultural challenge posed by migration. For minority groups, their citizenship often involves negotiating a puzzle of changing gender and family cultures as they move between minority and majority communities. Swedish elderly care, which is predominantly publicly organised, is an arena of practice which strives to implement such political objectives as gender equality and cultural diversity. Meetings between dependent care givers and recipients lead to dilemmas on several different levels. For instance, the needs of recipients of elderly care are often expected to be homogenous and fit within the standard norms of the organisation. Is it therefore appropriate for staff to refuse to visit violent and atypical persons in their homes? Or alternatively, is it appropriate for the elderly recipients to refuse to be cared for by someone whose appearance will conflict with the old people’s beliefs? When examining how policy is implemented in practice, structural elements, individual power and relative influence often become more apparent. In these interactions of different actors on different levels, un-intended processes may occur. How are rights maintained, and dilemmas resolved? In the case studies, a variety of dilemmas will be explored and discussed.

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