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  • 1.
    Harbs, Justin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.
    Svensson, Jack
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.
    Automated alarm and root-cause analysis based on real time high-dimensional process data: Part of a joint research project between UmU, Volvo AB & Volvo Cars2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, a large amount of raw data are available within manufacturing industries. Unfortunately, most of it is not further analyzed in search of valuable information regarding the optimization of processes. In the painting process at the Volvo plant in Umeå, adjusted settings on the process equipments (e.g. robots, machines etc.) are mostly based on the experience of the personnel rather than actual facts (i.e. analyzed data). Consequently, time- and cost waste caused by defects is obtained when painting the commercial heavy-duty truck bodies (cabs). Hence, the aim of this masters thesis is to model the quality as a function of available background- and process data. This should be presented in an automated alarm and root-cause system.

    A variety of supervised learning algorithms were trained in order to estimate the probability of having at least one defect per cab. Even with a small amount of data, results have shown that such algorithms can provide valuable information. Later in this thesis work, one of the algorithms was chosen and used as the underlying model in the prototype of an automated alarm system. When this probability was considered as too high, an intuitive root-cause analysis was presented. Ultimately, this research has demonstrated the importance and possibility of analyzing data with statistical tools in the search of limiting costs- and time waste.

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