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  • 1.
    Hammarström, Patrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Rosendahl, Simon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    SOMATIC SYMPTOMS ASSOCIATED WITH BURNOUT2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Burnout is affecting a lot of people in today’s society and is the result of prolonged exposure to emotional and interpersonal stressors. Burnout is also associated with disorders such as depression and anxiety, as well as somatic symptoms. In order to add knowledge to identify burnout at an early stage to try and prevent it, the aim of this study was to investigate which somatic symptoms are most strongly associated with burnout. Cross-sectional data from Västerbotten Environmental Health Study was used. 3231 participants were included in the study with a mean age of 50.6 years and 55.9% women. The participants were grouped into a risk group and a reference group based on level of burnout. Instruments used were the Shirom-Melamed Burnout Questionnaire (SMBQ) for burnout, and the Patient Health Questionnaire-15 (PHQ-15) for somatic symptoms. The most associated somatic symptoms were, in order of correlation: Feeling tired or having low energy; Trouble sleeping; Stomach pain; Nausea, gas or indigestion; Back pain; Headaches; Constipation, loose bowels, or diarrhea; and Dizziness. All eight symptoms were still relevant after controlling for depression and anxiety. A possible cutoff of four somatic symptoms was also found. The results show a wide range of somatic symptoms associated with burnout. The symptoms associated with burnout are discussed in relation to findings of somatic symptoms associated with depression and anxiety. Further research is encouraged to better understand the severity of the somatic symptoms when going from burnout to clinical burnout, and differentiating burnout from other states.

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