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  • 1.
    Ahl, Steffen
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    Schwedenhäppchen: Ein Forschungseisebericht2001Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2.
    Ahlberg, Caroline
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Planering av fritidshus: En studie om Stockholms skärgårds planaktörer och dilemmat fritidshus2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 180 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim for this bachelor thesis is to identify how second homes are applied in planning strategies between different levels of planning. The planning levels are identified by municipality’s and part-regional levels. Furthermore, this thesis aims to analyze in which contexts second homes brings consequences in both positive and negative ways. To answer the purpose of this analyze a case study based on Stockholm archipelago was made. Two part-regional documents, seven documents for the municipalities in the archipelago and two semi-structured interviews with stakeholders was conducted to answer the aim.

    Second homes indicate the change of where a resident primarily lives depending on season. Which means that planning strategies should take into consideration for a phenomenon that doesn’t dwell on an all year basis. Due to this analyze, six themes were identified for the implementation of second homes in the planning strategies. Two main themes were identified. The first theme is in regards of the change that plays out when a second home becomes the primary dwelling and on the other hand when the primary dwelling becomes a second home. This in a combination with the second theme which indicates that the localization of the dwellings is of high priority for planning strategies in Stockholm archipelago. Remaining themes are identified in the planning strategies for the municipalities, which is the local level in this study. They indicate for example that second homes can provide profit for the local organizations and stakeholders, but some contexts also include the opposite implication as well. Furthermore, the themes apply to restrictions of use, constructions and the local conditions. 

  • 3. Ahmed, Bayes
    et al.
    Hasan, Rakibul
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Maniruzzaman, K. M.
    Urban Morphological Change Analysis of Dhaka City, Bangladesh, Using Space Syntax2014Ingår i: ISPRS International journal of geo-information, ISSN 2220-9964, Vol. 3, nr 4, 1412-1444 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is based on a study of the morphological changes of Dhaka City, the capital of Bangladesh. The main objective of the research is to study the transformation of urban morphology in Dhaka City from 1947 to 2007. Three sample wards (18, 19 and 72) of Dhaka City Corporation are strategically selected as the study areas. Ward 72 has an indigenous type of organic settlement, whereas ward 19 is a planned area, and ward 18 represents a mixed (both planned and informal) type of settlement. In this research, the transformation of urban settlement pattern is examined through space syntax. The results show that the organic settlements (ward 72) are highly integrated both in terms of the local and global syntactic measures (lowest standard deviation for local and global integration, with the highest intelligibility values), and are more connectivity. The scenario is opposite in the case of planned settlements. The characteristics of mixed areas (ward 18) lie in between the organic and planned settlements. Therefore, in summary, it can be stated that the integration, connectivity and intelligibility measures of Dhaka City are found to be high, medium and low for the indigenous, mixed and planned settlement types; respectively.

  • 4.
    Akhmetzyanova, Leyla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Modeling Income-Based Residential Segregation in Moscow, Russian Federation2015Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 80 poäng / 120 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates spatial patterns of income-based residential segregation at the neighborhood level in the Russian capital city Moscow within new administrative boundaries, which have received relatively little attention in prior studies. It is argued that Moscow faces high levels of income inequality exacerbated by growing levels of spatial segregation between the affluent and prestigious Center – South-West and poor industrial South – South-East. Applying a whole set of quantitative methods complemented with computer mapping techniques, based on the latest 2013 data by the City of Moscow Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics and 2010 Census data, this study provides new insights into spatial differentiation processes and elaborates policy solutions aimed at addressing economic disparities in the city. A key finding of this thesis is that income segregation in the study area has been driven to a larger extent by the isolation of very poor neighborhoods from middle- and upper-income areas.

  • 5.
    Alatalo, Marita
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Salmon angling as a resource in regional development in the Swedish counties Norrbotten and Västerbotten1998Ingår i: Recreational Fisheries: Social, Economic and Management Aspects / [ed] Phil Hickley and Helena Tompkins, Oxford: Fishing News Books Ltd , 1998, 142-149 s.Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Around the world, sportfishing for salmon is a major industry. Rivers attracting salmon anglers can make a big contribution to the local economy. As a result of exploitation and environmental impacts most of the approximately 70 former salmon rivers in the Baltic basin have been damaged and lost their spawning capacity. There is, however, a big potential for salmon angling in the remaining salmon rivers entering the Baltic sea, especially in the Swedish counties of Norrbotten and Västerbotten in north Sweden. The chapter aims to describe the effects of a possible future situation with full scale sportfishing for salmon in northern Sweden. An assessment was made of the aggregate economic effects based on the hypothetical future scenario taking into account the potential amount of salmon returning to the rivers included in our study. The economic estimate is based on a catch amounting to 300 tonnes per year. This return may support an angling activity with approximately 300 000 days in the whole region. Transformed into economic terms this could lead to a total economic impact of about SEK200 million per annum, economic multipliers included.

  • 6.
    Alfredsson, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Green consumption energy use and carbon dioxide emission2002Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to explore the quantitative potential to reduce energy requirements and CO2 emissions through changed patterns of consumption, given unchanged levels of consumption expenditure.

    The thesis question is analysed using a systems analysis approach which in this case means that life cycle assessment data on energy requirements and CO2 emissions related to household consumption are combined with a financial and behavioural analysis to make sure that the budget constraint is kept and that both the first and second order effects of adopting a green consumption pattern are analysed. The budget constraints are kept using a general linear model. By using marginal propensities to spend to direct the reallocation of saved or deficit money calculated utility is maintained as far as possible. Further, investigations explore the impact of individual household demographic characteristics and geographic context on household consumption patterns, energy requirements and CO2 emissions.

    The key result of this thesis is that changed household behaviour, choosing “green“ products and energy efficient technology will not make a big difference. What can be achieved in the short time perspective by adopting an almost completely green consumption pattern and energy efficient technology is a reduction of energy requirements by around 8% and CO2 emissions by around 13%. With a longer time perspective and further technological change that provides additional possibilities to move consumption patterns in a greener direction, the effect on energy requirements and CO2 emissions is still fairly small. By 2020, the potential to reduce energy requirements is around 13% and CO2 emissions around 25%. In the most extreme scenario (2050), the scope for reducing energy requirements is 17% and for CO2 emissions 30%. All these reductions will be outpaced by growth in income almost as soon as they are implemented.

    Of policy relevance the results reveal that very limited impact can be expected by a policy relying on greener consumption patterns, whether adopted voluntarily or as a result of incentives such as tax changes. Such a policy cannot achieve more than a small and temporary reduction to growth in energy requirements and CO2 emissions. It is also shown that, prescribing specific consumption patterns as a means of reducing energy requirements and CO2 emissions has to be done with care. This is illustrated by one of the experiments in which adopting a partly green consumption pattern, a green diet, in fact increased total energy requirements and CO2 emissions. This, and the results of all the other experiments show the importance of applying a systems approach. It demonstrates that life cycle data alone are irrelevant for assessing the total effects of adopting green consumption patterns. Further research on the potential to reduce energy requirements and CO2 emissions thus primarily needs to better capture system wide effects rather than to improve on, and fine tune the measurement of the energy requirements and CO2 emissions related to individual products.

  • 7. Ali, A
    et al.
    Carson, D.B
    Umeå universitet, Arktiskt centrum vid Umeå universitet (Arcum).
    Information and communications technology (ICT) and the challenge of sustainable self-drive tourism2011Ingår i: Drive Tourism: Trends and Emerging Markets, Oxfordshire: Routledge , 2011Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 8.
    Almstedt, Åsa
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Post-productivism in rural areas: A contested concept2013Ingår i: Natural resources and regional development theory / [ed] Linda Lundmark, Camilla Sandström, Umeå: Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Umeå universitet , 2013, 8-22 s.Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9.
    Almstedt, Åsa
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Brouder, Patrick
    Karlsson, Svante
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Lundmark, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Beyond Post-productivism: From Rural Policy Discource to Rural Diversity2014Ingår i: European Countryside, ISSN 1803-8417, Vol. 6, nr 4, 297-306 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There has been a strong discourse in public policy aimed at transforming rural places from venues of primary production into truly diverse socioeconomic landscapes. Yet conceptualisations of the rural as envisioned in the policy and politics of the ‘new economy’ often prove to be elusive on the ground. However, post-productive activity in rural areas has become a major focus for rural studies scholars. This paper investigates the ideas of post-productivism in the existing literature, and argues for a holistic understanding of post-productivism as an idea and political ambition rather than an imperative and irreversible change of rural economic activity. The purpose of the study is to make clear the division between post-productivism and the related concepts of post-production and post-productive activities in order to better understand processes of rural change in relation to different geographical contexts. It is argued that post-productivism as a concept stands apart from de facto post-production and alternative concepts such as multifunctionality and should be regarded as part of broader regional development discourses. The paper outlines several important fields in which post-productivism is a necessary component for rural transformation and development. While it is not always easily captured in indicators or empirical studies in rural locations, post- productivism exists at the level of discourse and planning and thus has real effects on the ground. The paper concludes by offering suggestions on how to apply the concepts of post-productivism, post-production and multifunctionality in future studies. 

  • 10.
    Almstedt, Åsa
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Lundmark, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Pettersson, Örjan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Public spending on rural tourism in Sweden2016Ingår i: Fennia, E-ISSN 1798-5617, Vol. 194, nr 1, 18-31 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism is an important part of rural policies in European countries. An increased demand for rural amenities is seen as creating a more diversified labour market and contributing to the restructuring of the economy, from primary sectors and manufacturing to a more service-oriented economy, which has been termed a "new rural economy". As a result, and as often presented in many policy documents, tourism is now seen as a universal tool for rural development. The purpose of this study is to investigate the distribution of public spending on tourism in rural areas in Sweden. It focuses on public spending on the main programme for rural development, the Swedish rural development programme, but also on the regional structural funds programmes, from 2000 to 2013. Another subject of interest is how policy makers understand rural tourism as presented in policy documents since these documents, to a great extent, direct programme spending in terms of projects and their content. This study is based on register data on programme spending, policy documents and programme evaluation reports. Results show that a relatively small amount of total public spending targets tourism – mainly going to accommodation, activities and marketing efforts – indicating that tourism is still not a prioritised area despite policy makers’ understanding of rural tourism as expressed in policy documents. Thus, although public efforts target adequate parts of the tourism industry, they cannot be expected to contribute significantly to the restructuring of the rural economy.

  • 11.
    Andersson, Erika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Are You Staying?: A Study of In-movers to Northern Sweden and the Factors Influencing Migration and Duration of Stay2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The distribution of the population has multiple implications on regional development and planning. In-migration is frequently seen as the only possible solution in order to rejuvenate the population and stimulate regional development in sparsely populated regions. A population increase results in greater tax revenues, meaning that local authorities can plan for their inhabitants and expenditures in a more sufficient way. In addition, certain professionals are needed in order to support essential local services such as schools and hospitals. Place marketing with the intention of attracting in-movers has become increasingly popular, especially for rural, sparsely populated Swedish municipalities. Still, the outcome from place marketing efforts are dubious and in addition, migration has a temporal aspect and individual migration propensity usually fluctuates over time. This begs the question – how long do in-movers stay? Is there potential for long lasting development in sparsely populated regions connected to in-movers or is it temporary?

    This study focuses on the duration of time until an in-mover re-migrates from Region 8 in northern Sweden and which socioeconomic and demographic factors that influences the out- migration. This is studied by applying an event history method with discrete-time logistic regressions. The study follows individuals in working age that moved to any of nine specified municipalities in Västerbotten and Norrbotten County, sometime between 2000 and 2011. Questions posed for the study is: i) On average, how long did people who moved to Region 8 between the years 2000-2011 stay in the region? ii) What are the socioeconomic and demographic factors that influence the out-migration from the region? iii) Do the influencing factors differ between women and men?

    The results show that the time perspective matters as the risk of moving out was highest in the initial years and that it declines with time. 30 % of the sampled in-movers had moved out again within the time of observation, and on average the in-movers stayed for nine years. The regression results indicated that the factors that had the greatest influence on the out- migration was unemployment, being between 20-26 years old, high education, having and unemployed partner, and having children below school age. Women had a slightly lower likelihood of moving out compared to men, and the most prominent influential factor to outmigration that varied between women and men was unemployment. 

  • 12.
    Andersson, Erika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Att kommersialisera och sälja en plats: en analys av resereklam, representationer och geografiska föreställningar2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Pictures are often used when marketing a tourist destination. Photographs of a place, a destination, are used to convince customers and stimulate daydreaming in order to turn a potential customer into a real customer. For some people the photographic representations of a place is the only one they experience. With this in mind, it is reasonable to question how representations of places and geographical imaginations are being (re)produced when marketing a destination by using photographs. This paper aims to study how representations of place and people are used when marketing a tourist destination via travel commercial. The study was conducted by analysing images used for marketing tourist destinations located outside Europe, with a focus on photographs portraying people. The pictures included in this study were found in five travel catalogues for the Swedish market. The sample was narrowed down and reduced to three pictures, which were analysed by using a semiotic image analysis. The study aim to answer the following questions: When marketing a tourist destination how are people in the tourism advertising being presented? In what way can the images that are being used for tourism advertising generate stereotypes about places/people?

    The study indicates that, according to the included sample, the people portrayed in tourism advertising are being presented in a stereotypical manner. 

  • 13.
    Anne, Ouma
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    From Rural Gift to Urban Commodity: Traditional Medicinal Knowledge and Socio-spatial Transformation in the Eastern Lake Victoria Region2013Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    As we celebrate all the dynamic and dramatic improvements in human health care in the 21st century, life in much of Africa begins with and is sustained with the support of traditional medicinal knowledge. Research on traditional medicinal knowledge (TMK) is extensive, but rather few studies have been written about Traditional Healers' (THs') own perceptions about TMK and practices in relation to changing societal dynamics.

    The aim of this thesis is to examine how THs perceive on going socio-spatial transformation, including contemporary processes of urbanization, migration, commercialization and commodification of TMK, as well as changing dynamics of learning and knowledge systems between generations and genders and how these affect their medicinal healing practices in time and space.

    The thesis consists of four main empirical chapters, which derive from different data sources including literature, documentation review and qualitative interview material. The findings in this thesis can be summarised as follows: First that TMK today exists side by side with modern health systems, in what are seen as complex patterns of medical pluralism that provide evidence of an evolving role the TH plays in primary health care, in the rural and urban space. Youthful migrating population dynamics that are linked to historical processes, have effectively carved an emerging cross-sectoral role of the TH in the formal space.

    Secondly the developing legislation on IPR and ABS in parallel with the representation of an earlier official formal governance around TMK in Tanzania; and the difference in the sectors where TMK is anchored in the two contexts, could have paved way to some earlier collaborative mechanisms, that today provide space to enable a more natural engagement between formal and informal organizations involved in the governance of TMK in Tanzania. Thirdly, the practical ways in which TMK learning processes, which are characterized by learning systems in place, being sent and visiting sacred places that are lived by an apprentice over a number of years, have increasingly come under pressure. Fourthly the thesis shows approaches by THs, encouraging the youth to access conventional medicinal education followed by, or in parallel with TMK learned through traditional pedagogies employed by the THs themselves. The youth’s keen interest in learning TMK is seen to increase when they view improved livelihood possibilities due to the commercialization of medicinal plants. The future of TMK learning processes may be limited unless incentives are put in place for the youth regarding their future livelihoods. Fifth, gendered and generational dimensions suggest that older and some younger female THs reemphasize the values of the gift and TMK in a climate of increased commodification and commercialization of TMK, where TMK increasingly meets neoliberal processes, engaging an alternative paradigm than the gift economy, where a predominance of male TH’s in the urban space and places, increasingly define the diversification of the TMK livelihoods. The gift provided by a higher power and which is embedded in a particular cosmological view, to be used as a social service to help the community, is increasingly evolving as an emerging tested force in a changing ideological climate, with an increasing awareness of commodification, commercialization, IPR and ABS issues surrounding TMK. It implies awareness in relation to the increased benefits of commoditized and commercialized medicinal plant knowledge (which THs hold) for other individuals and institutions.

    The TH profession and TMK is seen as entering a contested IPR/ABS arena at a time when increasingly socio-spatial transformations are modifying its role from that of a gift to an owned commodity. However while the practice of TMK has changed over time and space, presenting new challenges as well as opportunities, it is also seen as a threat that anyone today can sell and market TMK products.

  • 14.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Case Vindel river area2014Ingår i: Through joy: Mapping sporty activities in Norway, Sweden and Finland with a view to enhancing regional attractiveness / [ed] Olli Rosenqvist, Kokkola: University of Jyväskylä, Kokkola University Consortium Chydenius , 2014, 46-64 s.Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 15.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    En ny löparvåg i väntan på nästa Vindelälvslopp?2012Ingår i: Västerbottens Kuriren, ISSN 1104-0246Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 16.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Geografiska institutionen, Umeå universitet.
    Kanada en kontrapunkt på den nordamerikanska kontinenten: några iakttagelser rörande sociostrukturell karaktäristik och kriminalitet1993Ingår i: Den vet som vida färdas: reserapport från en kulturgeografisk exkursion i Kanada våren 1993 / [ed] Lars-Erik Borgegård, Umeå, 1993, 255-276 s.Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 17.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Kriminalitet och bostadsbyten1995Ingår i: Invandrare & Minoriteter, ISSN 0346-6566, nr 5, 24-28 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 18.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Löparvågen och dess västerbottniska exponent Vindelälvsloppet2010Ingår i: Idrott Historia & Samhälle, ISSN 0280-2775, 67-83 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 19.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Löpningens masstävlingar: en del av den växande sportturismen2011Ingår i: Geografiska Notiser, ISSN 0016-724X, Vol. 69, nr 2, 94-101 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Moldau - ett stycke musik och en flod mitt i Europa2010Ingår i: Geografiska Notiser, ISSN 0016-724X, nr 1, 35-45 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 21.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Vindelälvsloppets uppgång och fall : vad lagledarna tycker i efterhand, en webbaserad enkätstudie2012Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 22.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Alatalo, Marita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Wild Swedish salmon: A regional development resource through recreational use?1998Ingår i: Northern waters: Management issues and practice / [ed] David Symes, Oxford: Fishing News Books , 1998, 164-174 s.Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 23.
    Appelblad, Håkan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    National Board of Fisheries, Sweden.
    Weissglas, Gösta
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Regional patterns in Swedish recreational fisheries2003Ingår i: Regional Experiences for Global Solutions / [ed] APM Coleman, Darwin, 2003, 39-42 s.Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Interest in Sweden, as in the other Nordic countries, for recreational fishing is widespread. About 35 % of adult Swedes fish for recreation. However, different regional patterns are evident concerning participation, attitudes towards the use of national resources and willingness-to-pay (WTP) for access to recreational fishing. One factor is to be found in the regional differences within Sweden: the population found in rural areas is generally more interested in fishing than people in urban areas. The recreational fishermen in the peripheral areas have, on the other hand, lower relative WTP for their fishing.

    Swedish recreational fisheries is based on roughly 10-20 % of the overall Swedish catch, while the yearly expenditure by recreational fishermen is about three times larger than the value derived from the commercial fisheries in Sweden. In a recent public survey, preservation and environmental issues concerning the overall fish stock was stressed, with the proposition of a general fishing fee in Sweden (long present in the other Nordic countries). The paper is based mainly on analysis of the Swedish component of a large Nordic survey. A comparison is also made with contemporary material from the official Swedish survey on recreational fisheries.

  • 24.
    Arango Nilsson, Emilio
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Kulturens betydelse och effekter som utvecklingsstrategi: En fallstudie om kulturhuvudstadsåret och kulturdriven tillväxt i Umeå2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to identify how cultural development and the European cultural capital event applies within the context of city development in Umeå. Furthermore, the study aims to examine how the European cultural capital event affects the local cultural actors. The analysis is a case study based upon how local and municipal cultural actors use culture to develop the municipality of Umeå and how the European cultural capital event has affected their work. To answer the aim of the thesis six semi-structured interviews was performed with cultural actors both within the municipality and private sector. This was to get wide-ranging information about cultural development in Umeå. The method to extract information was through thematic analysis of the preformed interviews, this allowed me as researcher to fully analyze the extracted material.

     

    The results of the study reveal that culture permeates city development in Umeå. Primarily the municipality makes great effort to make the city development rich with culture. Despite the effort culture is not a certainty in urban development and it is a constant political struggle to maintain and emphasize the importance of culture in city development. The study revealed that some actors feel that culture has become too commercialized in the municipality’s effort to generate urban growth, especially in the wake of the European capital event. All interviewed actors indicate that the European cultural capital event has had a great impact on their work and working methods. Primarily internal collaborations between the municipality and private cultural actors have been identified as meaningful, due to the many possibilities it brought, for all actors and the lack of collaboration in the post cultural capital Umeå is missed. There is an underlying understanding that all actors want to collaborate again but the lack of resources and common goals interferes. 

  • 25. Arnberg, Klara
    et al.
    Svanlund, Jonatan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Mad women: gendered divisions in the Swedish advertising industry, 1930–20122017Ingår i: Business History, ISSN 0007-6791, E-ISSN 1743-7938, Vol. 59, nr 2, 268-291 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article constitutes a first attempt to systematically map the presence of women in the greatly changing Swedish advertising industry since 1930. The overarching aim of the study is to analyse how the gendered divisions of labour and business changed in relation to both business structure and the overall labour market in Sweden. While we conclude that women constituted around 40–50% of the workforce over time, we see an increase in the shares of women in higher positions and in women who were self-employed and managers. This upturn, however, stabilised during the 1990s. We argue that the changes in gendered divisions of labour and business coincided with a fast-changing business structure. First, the old cartel broke down in the mid-1960s. Then, the number of firms increased quickly during the 1970s and 1980s, and the market share for the largest firms declined. This, in turn, meant new business opportunities for women at the same time as their overall labour market participation increased. The article stresses the importance of both acknowledging women’s presence in the industry development as well as the structures constituting gender divisions.

  • 26.
    Asp, Tobias
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Ett partis framväxt: Sverigedemokraterna, en GIS-analys2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka och förklara hur Sverigedemokraterna har växt i Sverige. Detta för att förstå hur ett nytt parti växer över rummet. Studien syftar även till att förstå vem det är som röstar på Sverigedemokraterna, vad som karaktäriserar deras väljare. 

     

    Studien har utformats som en fallstudie där fokus ligger på att undersöka valåren 2002, 2006 och 2010. Studien undersöker kluster i valresultatet samt vad som gör att väljare röstar på Sverigedemokraterna.

     

    Resultatet av studien visar att det finns en viss grannskapseffekt när partier etablerar sig. Den tidiga tillväxten sker i huvudsak på platsen där paritet uppstod. Även spridningen kan förklaras till viss del av grannskapseffekter. Resultatet visar även att det finns flera socioekonomiska faktorer som påverkar vilket parti som man väljer att rösta på. Den geografiska påverkan har visat sig i form av att befolkningstätheten och det faktum att väljarna bor på landsbygden har en negativ påverkan på valresultatet, medan kommuner som är av typen förortskommuner till större städer har en positiv påverkan på väljarstödet.   

  • 27. Auer, K
    et al.
    Carson, D.B
    Umeå universitet, Arktiskt centrum vid Umeå universitet (Arcum).
    How can general practitioners establish 'place attachment' in Australia's Northern Territory? Adjustment trumps adaptation2010Ingår i: Rural and Remote Health, Vol. 10, nr 1476, online- s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 28.
    Azimzadeh, Sarah
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    What is Umeå about in 2014?: A Study on Gaps between Stakeholders’ Perceptions of Umeå Brand Identity as a European Capital of Culture in 20142014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    During centuries, places and cities have made efforts to make their land more attractive, efficient, democratic and secure. This aspire has accelerated due to globalization and other external factors. Today, there is fierce and global competition between cities and nationalities to create arenas for more investments, productive inhabitants and vibrant culture. The place brand has been a good tool and a key for success. Nevertheless, place branding is challenging; it includes the investment of all stakeholders – possessing different agendas and target markets – and at the same time their coordination and collaborations to ensure there would be no conflicting messages, misusing the place and harming the brand. Therefore, strong collaboration among stakeholders and consistent perceptions – about the city potentials – is substantially important.

    There are debates among scholars to choose the best initiative for involving all the groups, cultures, interests of a society into branding a city and exploit the potential of the city simultaneously. Place branding is a relatively new but growing field of research. The topic is multifaceted and therefore is considered advantageous to study place branding from a stakeholder perspective. In this current study, the stakeholders are viewed as the actors that are engaged in the act of presenting Umeå based on the cultural potential of the city during its hosting the European Capital of Culture event in 2014. Based on the purpose and research problems of this thesis, it is aimed to provide a framework to examine the gaps between the stakeholders’ perceptions about their city cultural potential during a cultural event.

    For this qualitative research, a single case study design is used and eight stakeholders – divided in two main groups – are identified for the data gathering by using in-depth interviews. The identity-reputation gap model is used as an analytical tool and gives guidance to the research.

    This study fills other research gaps by contributing with an understanding of the stakeholder’s role by studying place branding in the context of a mid-size city. With regard to the empirical contribution, this study offers a range of insights for Umeå – the image and the branded potential of the city – and findings can be regarded as a starting point for brand managers as well as cultural coordinators working to develop the place brand identity consistently in other contexts.

  • 29.
    Back, Andreas
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi. Umeå University.
    Marjavaara, Roger
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Mapping an invisible population: the uneven geography of second-home tourism2017Ingår i: Tourism Geographies, ISSN 1461-6688, E-ISSN 1470-1340, Vol. 19, nr 4, 596-611 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Second-home tourism is a very popular form of tourism in many countries, particularly in the Nordic countries. More than half of the Swedish population have access to second homes. Previous studies have revealed that there is great variation between different second homes. Examples range from rustic Australian shacks, lonely cabins in the Norwegian mountains, spacious Swedish archipelago villas and palatial Russian dachas. Still, second homes are often seen and analysed as a unitary category – a perspective that obscures the considerable heterogeneity within the category as well as spatial differences in the impact of second-home tourism. Using a second-home typology from previous research and data on about 660,000 second homes, we analyse the heterogeneity of second homes by mapping the composition of the Swedish second-home stock. Results show the uneven geography of second-home tourism, revealing significant and sometimes steep differences between peripheral areas and urban hinterlands, tourism hot-spots, and areas in decline. Based on these results, we assert that there is good cause to move away from using second homes as a unitary category. Instead, we argue for viewing second homes as an umbrella concept with dwelling use in focus. This enables a greater sensibility to place and more accurate analyses of the uneven impacts of second-home tourism. The results also give greater insights into the impact of the ‘invisible population’ of second-home owners from a public planning perspective.

  • 30.
    Backlund, Kenneth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nationalekonomi.
    Nuclear power policy as a differential game2000Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines nuclear energy output in a differential game framework involving two countries. The countries differ regarding nuclear technology with one being relatively safe and the other less safe. Simulation of a numerical model gives the following results, (i) A cooperative agreement will imply less use of nuclear energy compared with both a noncooperative Nash equilibrium and an uncontrolled market solution, (ii) The country with relatively safe nuclear energy technology benefits most from a cooperative solution, (iii) Starting from an uncontrolled market economy, an agreement between the countries to introduce taxation of nuclear energy will be beneficial for both countries. However, by starting from the noncooperative Nash equilibrium, an agreement to slightly increase the nuclear energy taxes will be most beneficial for the country with less safe nuclear energy technology.

  • 31.
    Backlund, Kenneth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nationalekonomi.
    On the role of green taxes in social accounting: a numerical analysis2000Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses social accounting numerically in a dynamic general equilibrium model. The main purposes are to study: (i) whether emission taxes based on static willingness to pay information can be used to improve the welfare level, and; (ii) whether these taxes provide close enough approximations of the correct Pigou-vian emission tax to be useful in the context of social accounting. The results indicate that, if environmental quality is relatively linear with respect to pollution, the approximation of the Pigouvian emission tax will bring the economy close to the socially optimal solution and, at the same time, provide a close approximation of the value of net investments in environmental capital.

  • 32.
    Backlund, Kenneth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nationalekonomi.
    Welfare measurement, externalities and Pigouvian taxation in dynamic economies2000Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of five papers.

    Paper [1] analyzes one possible way of replacing dynamic Pigouvian taxes by a static approximation of such taxes from the point of view of social accounting. The idea is to approximate a Pigouvian emission tax by using the instantaneous marginal willingness to pay to reduce the stock of pollution. If this approximation is close enough to the correct Pigouvian tax it will be useful for at least two reasons: (i) it brings the economy close to the socially optimal solution; and (ii) it provides information relevant for social accounting by closely approximating the value of additions to the stock of pollution.

    Paper [2] analyzes the welfare effects of an agreement between countries to slightly increase their emission taxes. The results indicate that such an agreement need not necessarily increase the global welfare level, even if each individual country has set its prereform emission tax to be lower than the marginal social cost of pollution.

    Paper [3] provides an economic framework for analyzing the global warming problem, emphasizing the use of forests as a means of carbon sequestration. We explore the difference between the decentralized economy and the socially optimal resource allocation, and discuss the appropriate tax system required to implement the first best optimum.

    Paper [4] incorporates the uncertainty involved in the production of nuclear energy into a dynamic general equilibrium growth model. We compare the resource allocation in the decentralized economy with the socially optimal resource allocation and design the dynamic Pigouvian taxes that make the decentralized economy reproduce the socially optimal resource allocation.

    Paper [5] treats externalities from nuclear power in a dynamic differential game framework involving two countries, which differ with regard to their nuclear technology. The model is solved numerically, where one country is considered relatively safe and the other relatively less safe.

  • 33.
    Backsell, Sofia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Kan lokal tillväxt och regionförstoring gå hand i hand?: En studie om  Motala kommuns strategier för ökad attraktivitet och lokala utveckling2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 34. Barakat, B
    et al.
    Carson, D.B
    Umeå universitet, Arktiskt centrum vid Umeå universitet (Arcum).
    Taylor, A
    Basu, R
    Wang, L
    Education, remoteness and population dynamics2011Ingår i: Demography at the Edge: Remote human populations in developed nations, Farnham, United Kingdom: Ashgate Publishing Ltd , 2011Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 35.
    Batten, David F.
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten.
    Grozev, George V.
    Managing energy futures and greenhouse gas emissions with the help of agent-based simulation2008Ingår i: Changing Stocks, Flows And Behaviors In Industrial Ecosystems / [ed] Matthias Ruth , Brynhildur Davidsdottir, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2008, 101-121 s.Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 36.
    Bennmarker, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Växande Befolkningsklyftor i ett ständigt föränderligt samhälle - Västerbotten 2000-20142015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    REFERAT

    Studiens syfte är att påvisa utvecklingstrenderna i befolkningens utveckling och sammansättning under perioden 2000-2014. Syftet är också att diskutera denna utveckling utifrån teorier och trender i ett större perspektiv.Studien är kvantitativ och bygger på datamaterial från SCB. Studien är en deskription för hur befolkningsutvecklingen och sammansättningen av ålder och könsbalans ser ut för kommunerna i länet.Resultatet visar att de flesta kommuner har en negativ utveckling och att nästan all befolkningstillväxt sker i Umeå. För samtliga kommuner minskar andelen yngre och andelen äldre blir fler. Åldersstrukturen, könsbalansen och försörjningskvoten skiljer sig kraftigt mellan kommuner. Utvecklingen medför att klyftorna mellan kommunerna blir större under tidsperiodenNyckelord: Västerbotten, befolkning, migration, utveckling, könsbalans, försörjningskvot

  • 37.
    Bergkvist, Oskar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Homeownership & Unemployment: A test of the Oswald hypothesis in Sweden2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of a well-functioning housing market has been proposed for long within economics, economic geography and urban planning.  A high mobility on the housing market most likely positively affects the dynamics of the labor market, a dynamic important for economic growth. Mobility defined as the link between the worker and the workplace in terms of transportation and housing are most likely essential components of a dynamic and well-functioning labor market. The Oswald hypothesis states that positive relationship between homeownership and unemployment exists, the lower mobility in the homeownership housing stock compared to the rental housing stock affects labor market mobility in a negative way which can be noted if European countries are compared. My thesis explores this relationship in a Swedish context by mobilizing a quantitative approach with aggregate data on municipal level ranging from 1998 to 2013. The Swedish housing market is in a deregulation process since 1992, a conversion process from public rental housing to homeownership co-op apartments has taken place and public policies now favor homeownership over renting. Municipal data on unemployment, homeownership of apartment, rental tenant and control variables for economy and personal characteristics are applied in Pooled OLS, random effects and fixed effects regression models. The results from the Pooled OLS and the Random effects model confirms the positive relationship proposed by Oswald for homeownership of apartment but not for homeownership of detached housing. Also rental tenant show a positive relationship. The results from the fixed effect estimation rejects the hypothesis altogether and show a negative relationship.

  • 38. Bergman, Ingela
    et al.
    Edlund, Lars-Erik
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkstudier.
    Birkarlar and Sámi - inter-cultural contacts beyond state control: reconsidering the standing of external tradesmen (birkarlar) in medieval Sámi societies2016Ingår i: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, E-ISSN 1503-111X, Vol. 33, nr 1, 52-80 s.Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It is not until the fourteenth century that written records offer a glimpse into the coastal societies of Northern Sweden. Records include references to a social stratum referred to as the birkarlar, who were tradesmen engaged in trading with the Sami. The origin of the birkarlar, their prominent status and the meaning of the term, is an enigma that has been much disputed among scholars although there is consensus about the economic and fiscal supremacy of birkarlar vis-a-vis the Sami. However, the paradox of tradesmen employing force against their most important circle of suppliers and customers remains a puzzle. The birkarla institution is analyzed by means of alternative reading of historical records from the perspective of the indigenous Sami and coastal farming communities. The postulated animosity between Sami and the birkarlar is critically examined in light of the social and economic context of interior and coastal communities during the Late Iron Age and Early Medieval period, and in relation to historically known Sami kinship relationships and marriage traditions. Data are analyzed with regard to demography and social structure, and from a landscape perspective including the logistics and practicalities of inter-cultural contact. Analyses corroborate that birkarlar were deeply rooted in the coastal communities and fully involved in the regular subsistence activities. They were representatives given a commission of trust and contacts between the birkarlar and the Sami were characterized by mutuality and inter-dependence.

  • 39.
    Bergström, Niklas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    Kontraurbanisering i Umeåregionen2002Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    During the past decade almost every western society has experienced an urbanization process that has led to a substantial population growth in metropolitan areas. After World War II some periods of a reversed migration stream, so called counterurbanization, has occurred implying that population figures in smaller towns and some rural areas have increased. The purpose of this study is to describe whether any counterurbanization process has taken place in the Umeå urban region in Sweden. More precisely the aim is to analyze the migration pattern from the city of Umeå to the city’s hinterland defined by a distance of 50 kilometers, for the period 1985 to 1995. This is done in order, on one hand, to find characteristics for these people (incomeand education level, age, sex), and on the other hand, to find out if there is any spatial difference in attractiveness between places within the region. The following variables were tested with regard to their impact on outmigration patterns; the presence of smaller towns in the region; proximity to sea, lakes or rivers, distance from the city of Umeå; locations of second homes; access to a public road and the proximity to open land from the place of residence. The investigation shows that there are significant geographical differences of attraction levels between places in the region. The variable that is most important to explain where migrants fromUmeå have settled down is the presence of smaller towns. Another important explanation is the distance from the city of Umeå. The number of new inhabitants decreases according to an almost linear function with an increasing distance from Umeå. Proximity to water, open land and the access to public roads are also shown to be essential characteristics of some attractive places. People who have migrated from Umeå to the city’s hinterlands have an average income of 158.600 Sek. which is about 9.000 Sek. lower than the income of the inhabitants of Umeå. The education level among the migrant is also a bit lower than among people living in Umeå. As the differences between the migrants and the inhabitants of Umeå in fact are quite small, one may doubt that the counterurbanization from Umeå is a result of displacement.

  • 40.
    Bergström, Stina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Om geografiska informationssystem (GIS) och dess tillämpningar inom barncancerforskning: Ett fokus på GIS i forskningen om barnleukemi och dess etiologi2011Studentarbete övrigt, 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to summarize the literature about geographic information systems (GIS) and its applications in childhood cancer research. The main focus was to examine how GIS has been contributing to the research of childhood leukemia and its etiology. Since this is one of the diseases that can be connected to a public health issue, a thorough exploration of different areas outside the childhood cancer area had to be considered. Areas such as epidemiology and environmental health were two of the most relevant sources of literature. The etiology behind childhood leukemia has been studied for several decades, but the risk factors that cause this disease still remain largely unknown, and the results have been inconsistent. Since the 1990's, one of the methods to identify potential spatial clusters of childhood leukemia has been the use of GIS. This software has the ability to layer multiple risk factors in relation to the diagnosed children and thereafter visualize potential clusters on a map. The evaluation of the literature resulted in five topics which included most of the studies that has utilized GIS in their research of childhood leukemia. These five topics with its connected risk factors were: electromagnetic fields, ionizing radiation, air pollution, agricultural pesticides and hazardous waste sites. Even though few of the studies showed statistic significant clusters when connecting a potential risk factor with childhood leukemia, a majority of them didn't present any evidence about a causal relationship, which indicates a need of further research.   

  • 41.
    Bergström, Stina
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Telemedicin i Västerbottens läns landsting: Diffusion och kartläggning av telemedicin ur ett geografiskt perspektiv2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Telemedicine is the use of information and communication technology to provide clinical health care at a distance. This approach is usually adopted to bridge the distance in rural settings, but it is also a method to meet demographical and economical challenges. Västerbotten, a sparsely populated county with an ageing population, is in leading edge when it comes to telemedicine. The purpose of this report was to examine the diffusion and the inventory of telemedicine in the county council of Västerbotten from a geographical perspective. To gain a deeper understanding of diffusion and inventory of telemedicine, my purpose was also to examine these processes from an international and national perspective. Telemedicine and diffusion as concepts, and how these have been portrayed in the literature were studied, as well as the driving forces behind, and the barriers to further diffusion of telemedicine. The main focus in the report was telemedicine in the county council of Västerbotten and their ongoing inventory of telemedicine. The background of the inventory, how it is being performed and what the results have been up to this date were investigated. All these aspects were performed through interviews. An important factor to successful implementation of telemedicine, is the use of comprehensive and systematic performed evaluations of telemedicine activities. The inventory performed by the county council of Västerbotten is an important contribution to the lack of evidence in this area. Although, a major barrier to successful implementation and further diffusion of telemedicine, appears to be attitudes among health care staff.

  • 42.
    Bern, Sofia
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi, Transportforskningsenheten (TRUM).
    Jansson, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi, Transportforskningsenheten (TRUM). RiseB.
    Nordlund, Annika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi, Transportforskningsenheten (TRUM).
    Nyman, Emma
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi, Transportforskningsenheten (TRUM).
    Mobilitet och tillgänglighet – framtidens resande2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Trafikverket har gett TRUM (Transportforskningsenheten vid Umeå Universitet) i uppdrag att utreda framtidens mobilitet innefattande frågor såsom privatpersoners attityder och normer till resande med bil och däribland självkörande bilar, betalningsvilja, syn på ägande inställning till individuellt resande gentemot kollektivt resande, samt intressenters förväntningar på ett framtida tillgängligt transportsystem. Därutöver önskar Trafikverket ökad förståelse kring arbetssätt och metoder för att möta teknikutveckling och framtida mobilitet. Syftet med föreliggande rapport är att svara på dessa frågeställningar utifrån litteraturstudier och intervjuer.

    Det huvudsakliga underlaget för rapporten är en genomgång av litteratur relaterad till transporter, mobilitet och historiska såväl som framtida trender. Fokus har varit på persontransporter kopplat till människors beteende, samt vad privatpersoner, framtidsspanare och företrädare för bil- och teknikbranschen tror kommer att hända med personresande i framtiden. Utöver litteraturstudien genomfördes sex intervjuer under januari och februari 2016. Intervjuerna gjordes med syfte att öka förståelsen för hur människor resonerar kring mobilitet och transporter i dagsläget och hur de tror att vi kommer att resa i framtiden. Utifrån litteraturgenomgången och intervjuerna kan konstateras att attityder till elbilar generellt sett är positiva. Hinder för ett bredare genombrott utgörs av uppfattade prisskillnader, räckviddsångest och uppfattad brist på laddinfrastruktur. Som drivkrafter kan nämnas ökat miljömedvetande och alltmer positiva attityder bland flera olika aktörer, till exempel teknikutvecklare. När det gäller självkörande bilar är attityderna mer varierande. Bland annat lyfts säkerhetsfaktorer, tillgänglighet och det faktum att flera bilmodeller redan idag utrustas med olika typer av autonomifunktioner. Enligt olika bedömningar kommer koncept såsom Mobility as a Service och liknande att leda till förändrade attityder och normer när det gäller både privat och kollektivt resande. Avslutningsvis lämnas förslag på hur dessa och andra förändringar kan följas och förstås utifrån ett planeringsperspektiv. Olika metoder och perspektiv är viktiga för att skapa en bild över framtida utveckling redan idag, framförallt kopplat till de miljöutmaningar samhället står inför.

  • 43.
    Bertilsson, Erik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Befolkningstillväxtens mosaik i Umeå kommun2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att presentera och analysera befolkningsutvecklingen inom Umeå kommun för tidsperioden 1992 till 2012. Studien syftar även på att diskutera befolkningstrender presenterade i tidigare studier för att hitta gemensamma faktorer och få en djupare uppfattning.

    Undersökningen bygger på kvantitativ data för nyckelkodsområden under åren 1992, 2002 och 2012 som erhölls från Umeå kommun. Undersökningen visar en fortsatt positiv utveckling över nästan alla nyckelkodsområden i kommunen, men en skiftande trend i tillväxttakt mellan kommunens center och periferi, samt en diversifierad medelålder bland befolkningen.

    Medan Umeå stad har den fortsatt högsta tillväxten under de studerade åren verkar en ny trend peka mot en ökad efterfrågan att bosätta sig vid utkanten av kommunen, primärt i närheten av kusten.

  • 44. Bird, Deanne
    et al.
    Govan, Jeanie
    Murphy, Helen
    Harwood, Sharon
    Haynes, Katharine
    Carson, Dean B
    The Northern Institute, Charles Darwin University; Poche Centre for Indigenous Health, Flinders University.
    Russell, Stephen
    King, David
    Wensing, Ed
    Tsakissiris, Nicole
    Larkin, Steven
    Future change in ancient worlds: indigenous adaptation in northern Australia2013Rapport (Refereegranskat)
  • 45.
    Björk, Agnes
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Hemma och hemlängtan i det dagliga livet2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka begreppet hemma och hemlängtan och hur detta påverkar de intervjuade personerna. Fokus ligger på det dagliga livet.Studien utgår från kvalitativa intervjuer med fem respondenter som i dagsläget är boende i Umeå. De har alla olika bakgrund och är varierar i ålder. Intervjuerna har transkriberats och sedan analyserats med hjälp av tematisk analys.Resultatet visar att hemma och hemlängtan är två väldigt abstrakta begrepp, som påverkar människor på olika sätt. Dock hade många en klar bild av hemma, som en plats starkt kopplat till relationer.Variationerna mellan respondenterna grundade sig till stor del på vilken fas i livscykeln respondenten befann sig i. Den främsta påverkan var i mobiliteten. Exempelvis att respondenterna valde att återbesöka en plats för att den ansågs vara hemma och man längtade dit, eller stanna på en plats för det var hemma och man skulle längta tillbaka vid flytt.

  • 46.
    Björnander, Niklas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi. 911213-2593.
    Trenden OCR, vad är det som lockar?: En studie om resemotiv för högt och lågt involverade människor inom OCR.2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Sport tourism is one of the fastest growing segments in the tourism industry, and more and more people seek to have an active holiday. In the same time OCR (obstacle course race) is one of the fastest growing sports in the world. To sustain and develop this new phenomenon it is important to know why people are traveling to participate and what factors which are important to different groups.

    This thesis aim is to study the underlying motives underpinning for travel and participation in OCR races, and also link this to the destination where the OCR race takes place. More specifically, the study investigates if there are any differences in motives for traveling to participate in OCR amongst highly involved people and people with low involvement in OCR. The study is based on a questionnaire survey that have been distributed to people that are, more or less, involved in OCR. The study has been conducted by statistically analyzing data from the survey. The result showed that there are inner motives, such as challenge oneself, to feel connected to others and to create memories, rather than outer factors on the destination that drives people to travel to participate in OCR races. In terms of differences between the groups (hi and low involved people in OCR) it was social factors and identification that differ the most, where highly involved people appear to value fellowship, enjoyment and participation because of lifestyle to a greater degree than low involved people.  

  • 47.
    Blomberg, Elin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    I globaliseringens vågrörelse; en etablering i Lycksele kommun.2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie belyser hur en större investering av ett privat företag i en kommun i Norrlands inland kan påverka det lokala näringslivet och kommunen. Mobiliteten till kommunen väntas stiga och några direkta och indirekta effekter som detta kan innebära för näringslivet analyseras.

     

    Metoden för denna studie är kvalitativ. Intervjuer har genomförts med initiativtagaren och ägaren av företaget LHG Learning Center och kommunala tjänstemän i Lycksele kommun.

     

    De slutsatser som framkommer av denna studie är att LHG Learning Centrets etablering i Lycksele innebär både möjligheter och risker för kommunens framtid. Idag vet man inte hur omfattande de indirekta effekterna kommer att bli av LHG:s etablering för kommunens näringsliv. Därav kan man bli sårbar när samhällsplaneringen ska göras. Kan kommunen inte tillgodose de behov LHG Learning Center har, kan utvecklingsmöjligheterna med LHG i värsta fall försvinna om företaget väljer att omlokalisera sig.

  • 48.
    Boberg, William
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Konsekvenser av det tillgängliga friluftslivet2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The increased accessibility of Storulvån has led to a conflict between outdoor recreation and the sami village of Handölsdalen. The month of may is the time of the year when reindeers are born and if the female gets scared or disturbed she may leave the newborn. The sami village of Handölsdalen has applied to Länsstyrelsen to close Storulvåvägen during this time. However, Trafikverket has appealed to Transportstyrelsen that the road should be open for public use, which is still the case. The purpose of this study is to take a deeper look into this conflict to see who are involved and what the different opionions are concerning Storulvåvägen.

     

    The method of collecting data has been thru interviews with the sami village and Svenska Turistföreningen. Documents from Länsstyrelsen Jämtlands län, Trafikverket and Transportstyrelsen has been analyzed to see what the different views of the problem and conflict are.

     

    The result show different oppinions regarding reindeer herding and outdoor recreation.

     

    Keywords: outdoor recreation, reindeer herding, conflict, accessibility, sami.

  • 49.
    Boman, Mattias
    et al.
    SLU.
    Fredman, Peter
    MIUN.
    Lundmark, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Ericsson, Göran
    SLU.
    Outdoor recreation – A necessity or a luxury?: Estimation of Engel curves for Sweden2013Ingår i: Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism, ISSN 2213-0780, Vol. 3-4, 49-56 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Income constitutes one important constraint for the degree of participation in outdoor recreation. The effect of this constraint can be measured by the income elasticity of outdoor recreation demand, which is of policy interest when the distribution of recreation opportunities across socio economic groups is a concern. This study investigated income elasticity of expenditures for three types of outdoor recreation in Sweden, at the individual level: outdoor recreation as an aggregated composite good, outdoor recreation close to home (less than 100km away from the permanent residence), and hunting. The findings indicated that outdoor recreation as a composite is a luxury good with elasticity in excess of unity (i.e. a relative increase in income will lead to a greater relative increase in demand). The elasticities of the specific activities were found to be lower. Outdoor recreation close to home was characterized as a necessity with elasticity less than unity (i.e. a relative increase in income will lead to a smaller relative increase in demand). The results further suggested that an increase in income could lead to either a decrease or an increase in the demand for hunting, indicating that hunting might be an inferior good or possibly a necessity.

  • 50.
    Borggren, Jonathan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    ‘A place without living standards’ - Defining creativity amongst ‘talents’ and ‘creatives’ in Gothenburg, Sweden.2014Ingår i: Tourism, ISSN 1332-7461, Vol. 62, nr 2, 201-216 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Building on previous research concerning the location preferences of human capital (Niedomysl and Hansen, 2010; Borggren & Eriksson 2014) talents (Hansen & Winther, 2010), milieu (Buttimer, 1969; Drake, 2003) and the ‘creative class’ (Florida 2002), this paper studies creative milieu from the perspective of individuals engaged in different creative occupations in Gothenburg, Sweden. Drawing on the background of structural economic change, the key competitive asset of attracting skilled workers and place-marketing to promote regional development, the aim of this study is to ‘take a step back’ and let representatives of these individuals first define a creative milieu, and second to investigate, in retrospect, whether this creative milieu has exercised any significant influence on residence and location choices by way of in-depth interviews. Results show that the creative milieu as described by the respondents constitutes a space containing human interaction, the possibility to think freely and having the option of choosing to participate in various activities. It is suggested that further understandings of creative milieu would be based on the social context, or more precisely the social space (Buttimer, 1969), of the observer and of how said person ‘justifies’ creative milieu from a professional standpoint, i.e. from the perspective of one’s occupation.

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