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  • 1.
    Norgren Hansson, Mimmi
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Berättelser om omsorg: omsorgsetikens kritiska potential i skolans värdeförmedlingsuppdrag2024Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    From a care ethics perspective, this thesis aims to discuss and conceptualise children’s experiences of care in Swedish compulsory school. I initiate an ethical discussion focusing on the theoretical core of care ethics and exploring how the framework can be used and developed within the aforementioned educational context. The thesis consists of two empirical and two theoretical articles. In the empirical articles, a qualitative approach is employed to interview sixth-grade children about their experiences giving and receiving care within peer relationships in school. The theoretical articles explore the conditions of values education in Swedish schools and the application of the care ethics framework in the context of new moral psychological research. Article I, “Dissonance between liberal and conservative function: an analysis of values education in Swedish schools”, underscores the significance of contextualisation in analyses of values education, emphasising the intricate interplay between societal values and those imparted within educational contexts. It critically evaluates existing theoretical frameworks and approaches, highlighting the need to disentangle values from function and navigate dissonance within diverse value systems. In article II, “Caring narratives from Swedish compulsory school”, a care ethics perspective is employed to analyse caring narratives from pupils in sixth grade, revealing the dynamic roles of caregivers and recipients of care in shaping a reactive care narrative. Partiality’s pivotal role in care dynamics is explored in article III, “The partial care”, stressing its impact on peer relationships in school environments. Article IV, “What can Moral Psychology Contribute to the Understanding of an Ethics of Care?”, delves into recent developments in moral psychology, challenging the care ethics understanding of moral reasoning by acknowledging the connection between rapid emotional responses and deliberate rational thinking. It connects these psychological insights with the ethics of care, exploring the relationship between intuitive acts of natural care and deliberate choices of ethical care in a moral pedagogical context. In synthesising these themes, my thesis contributes to a relational understanding of values education and situates the ethics of care framework within the realm of education. It offers a novel perspective on the interrelationships between values education, critical Religious Education, and the feminist framework of care ethics, enriching the discourse within these subdisciplines.

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  • 2.
    Berg, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Bäckström, Hanna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Solidaritet i samexistens: om ett begrepp värt att värna2023Ingår i: Feminism och konvivialitet: samexistens, oenighet, hopp / [ed] Lena Martinsson; Diana Mulinari, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2023, s. 25-35Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I följande kapitel står termen solidaritet i centrum för vår undersökning. Solidaritet är ett begrepp som ofta uppfattas som entydigt positivt, men det kan användas på många olika sätt. Det används av enskilda personer, av olika grupper och det kan få olika konsekvenser. Vi har tidigare studerat olika rörelser och grupper som använder sig av det och slagits av den bredd av betydelser som termen tillskrivs. I en samtid när ordet har blivit populärt att använda inom politiken och i vardagligt tal, ser vi det som angeläget att uppmärksamma risker med ett oreflekterat bruk och manar till att se solidaritet som ett begrepp att värna och omsätta i praktik. I antologin utgör denna del således ett bidrag till hur vi som forskare kan stanna upp och reda i till synes självklara ord. I kapitlet diskuterar vi därför dess mångtydiga innebörd i relation till bokens röda tråd: konvivialitet, att leva tillsammans. 

  • 3.
    Lauri, Johanna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Lauri, Marcus
    Mid Sweden University, Sweden.
    Selling feminist stories: popular feminism, authenticity and happiness2023Ingår i: European Journal of Cultural Studies, ISSN 1367-5494, E-ISSN 1460-3551Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    By interviewing Swedish feminist activists who sell commodities to serve feminist purposes, this study focuses on how they articulate their engagement and make it intelligible. To untangle how articulations about feminist businesses may stabilise, reshape and challenge feminist values and engagement, we use theories of popular feminism alongside discourse theory to capture its contingencies. The analysis shows that, rather than enhancing sales by the use of feminism, the interviewees articulate an interest in spreading feminism through the sale of commodities. They understand their commodities to be ‘authentic’ and ‘truly’ feminist, thereby distancing themselves from corporations that use feminism to brand their products. However, this aligns precisely with the dominant contemporary corporate branding discourse of authenticity, understood as untainted by capitalism. The interviewees want to provide their customers with confidence, a dominant trait of popular feminism, through the display of feminist expression. A quest for visibility tends to absorb political aspects, which is further illustrated in the expressed wish to avoid an aggressive, provocative or explicitly political address. Understanding popular feminism as a discursive struggle, we conclude that the domination of a happy, confidence-building feminism will render more confrontational and radical versions of feminism less visible.

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  • 4.
    Degerstedt, Frida
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Avdelningen för fysioterapi.
    Equity among children and youth with cerebral palsy: physical leisure activity, physical education, physiotherapy and quality of life2023Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Background & aim: Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common reason for movement difficulties among children and youth in Sweden. Physiotherapy is usually introduced early in order to develop mobility and prevent further impairment, which in turn facilitates activity and participation. Physiotherapy is closely connected with physical activity, both as a goal and a mean, and physical activity contributes to aspects of health, in turn associated with quality of life (QoL). Physical education in school as well as physical leisure activity are important parts of the total physical activity participation among children and youth. Participation in physical leisure activity and physical education, as well as access to physiotherapeutic interventions, is insufficiently explored from an equity perspective regarding function, gender and ethnicity or birth country. The overall aim of the current thesis is to explore participation in physiotherapeutic interventions, physical leisure activity and physical education, as well as analyze the association between physical activity and quality of life, from an equity perspective for children and adolescents with CP in Sweden.

    Methods: The four papers that comprise this thesis are based upon three empirical studies: a National cross-sectional registry study (Papers I and II), based on the National Quality Registry Cerebral Palsy Follow-up Program (CPUP); an interview study with a qualitative approach (Paper III); and a national QoL survey complemented with registry data (IV). Quantitative data were analyzed with multivariable logistic-, linear- or quantile regressions. For the interview study, qualitative content analysis was used.

    Results: The number of participants in the registry studies were 2855 aged 0-18 years (Paper I) and 1935 aged 6-18 years (Paper II). The interview study (Paper III) included 11 participants aged 15-18 years, and the survey study (Paper IV) 149 participants, aged 15-18 years. Being born in Sweden entailed higher odds for participating in physiotherapy, physical leisure activity, physical education and physiotherapy, respectively, compared to those born outside Sweden (Paper I) or outside Europe (Paper II). More severe gross motor function difficulties were positively associated with higher odds of receiving physiotherapy, and negatively associated with physical activity participation (Paper II). Participants in the interviews report several examples of exclusion, struggles and (in-) sufficient support and inclusion through the categories ‘Exclusion and lack of support’, ‘Resistance, struggle and guilt’, and ‘Empowerment and support’. Gender as a vector in physical activity is mainly seen through the qualitative results, referring to physical education (Paper III). Frequent participation in physical leisure activity was associated with the domain Communication and physical health. Domains of QoL that referred to participation or function were negatively associated with having greater motor function difficulties, although not significantly associated with domains of social- and school wellbeing. Pain and bother is negatively associated with all five domains of QoL. Low educational level among the caregivers was associated with higher QoL-scores in the domain of social well-being (Paper IV).

    Discussion & Conclusions: The results that reveals differences regarding birth country indicates the relevance to raise awareness about possible inequity in participation in physical leisure activity, physical education, and physiotherapy for children and youth who have CP, as a prerequisite for improvement. Physiotherapists, school, and leisure sport leaders, as well as their organizations, need to be attentive to norms and bias in order to prevent inequity and discrimination due to for example birth country, gender or function, and provide support, which is included in the compensatory assignment of the schools and health care. This is emphasized by the experiences of exclusion expressed by participating youth with CP. Frequent physical activity participation is in part associated with higher QoL while Pain and bother is negatively associated with QoL, as is partly gross motor function difficulties. Prevention and treatment of pain and facilitation of physical activity is therefore important for children and youth with CP. Future studies should carefully consider targeting youth with a non-Nordic birth country and with large gross motor function difficulties or associated difficulties to widen knowledge about equity in physical activity- and physiotherapy participation, and QoL.

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  • 5.
    Lauri, Marcus
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Department of Psychology and Social Work, Östersund, Sweden.
    Carbin, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Linander, Ida
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    The rise of carceral feminism in sweden: analysing political debate and policy on men's violence against women2023Ingår i: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 99, artikel-id 102780Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on recent parliamentary debates and policy proposals, this article illustrates how penal policies and punitive agendas to combat gendered violence are on the rise in Sweden. While right-wing parties have long deployed a rhetoric of crime and punishment, today the Social Democrats and Left Party (labelling themselves feminist), as well as parts of the women's shelter movement, are deploying a similar discourse. This article shows how men's violence against women suddenly became a highly prioritised political issue within a discursive framework of ‘crime and punishment’, thereby asking whether carceral feminism is emerging in Sweden. Firstly, we analyse the logic of this approach, after which we discuss associated risks, such as how carceral feminism (re)shapes the understanding of gendered violence, that it is neither effective nor demanded by victims and has stratifying and stigmatising effects on racialised communities. Furthermore, it silences material welfare solutions and ultimately legitimates the expansion of penal policies, thereby providing a foundation for a carceral state in which repression becomes the standard response to social problems.

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  • 6.
    Andersson, Lars Fredrik
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för ekonomisk historia.
    Liselotte, Eriksson
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Lilljegren, Josef
    Faculty of Economics and Business, Groningen University, the Netherland.
    Pre-welfare state provision and adverse selection: enrolment in a Swedish nationwide health insurance society2023Ingår i: Financial History Review, ISSN 0968-5650, E-ISSN 1474-0052, Vol. 30, nr 1, s. 74-99Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Mutual benefit societies evolved as the major provider for sickness, accident and life insurance in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries on both sides of the Atlantic. One of the major problems facing insurers was the risk of adverse selection, i.e. that unhealthy individuals had more incentives than healthy individuals to insure when priced for the average risk. By empirically examining whether longevity among insured individuals in a nationwide mutual health society was different from a matched sample of uninsured individuals, we seek to identify the presence of adverse selection. We find no compelling evidence showing that unhealthy individuals were more likely to insure, or reasons to believe that problems related to adverse selection would have been a major reason for government intervention in the health insurance market in Sweden.

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  • 7.
    Andersson, Lars Fredrik
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för ekonomisk historia.
    Liselotte, Eriksson
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Household risk strategies during a pandemic – experiences from the 1918 influenza pandemic2023Ingår i: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 71, nr 1, s. 36-57Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2020, The COVID-19 crisis has put great pressure on the economy worldwide. Only time can tell whether the COVID-19 crisis will have permanent effects on corporate and household behaviour and how it will affect society at large. This article examines historical experiences of how households managed the financial consequences of rising mortality during the 1918 influenza pandemic. We find that the previous pandemic led to an immediate and major increase in primarily small-sum industrial life insurance policies designed for blue-collar workers. The increase in new policies did not, however, have a lasting effect. By the time the pandemic had faded, the number of policies had dropped to below pre-pandemic conditions. This historical experience underlines the fact that there are limits to the extent to which even a major shock, such as a pandemic, can lead to behavioural change among households as currently being predicted in relation to COVID-19.

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  • 8.
    Berg, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Linander, Ida
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Hypogonadism: Diagnosis, Masculinity, and Capital in Narratives about Testosterone deficiency2023Ingår i: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 5-20Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    For centuries, male hypogonadism has been defined as a clinical syndrome caused by the inability to produce physiological concentrations of testosterone and/or normal amount of sperm. In 2020, an information campaign started in Sweden with the ambition of increasing knowledge about hypogonadism and (lack of) testosterone, targeting both men and healthcare providers. In this study, we take a closer look at media discussions in Sweden on hypogonadism over the period 2018–2021. Through feminist thinking on biomedicalisation, we analyse the media material about the phenomena and issues being raised regarding masculinity, age and health in contemporary neoliberal and biocapital times. For some people, hypogonadism is a severe condition, but we can also see that the diagnosis becomes a response to a wide range of symptoms, expanding the realm for diagnostic practices and tying into normative ideas about age, time and lacking or fading masculinity. The media narratives about hypogonadism not only reflect cultural norms regarding masculinity and the plasticity of diagnoses but also create desires, needs and markets.

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  • 9.
    Keisu, Britt-Inger
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Brodin, Helene
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Postfeminism as Coping Strategy: Understandings of Gender and Intragroup Conflict among Swedish Welfare Workers2023Ingår i: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 31, nr 1, s. 76-90Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores how workers in the women-dominated public sectorin Sweden speak about and make sense of gender and intragroup conflictand the consequences of this way of thinking and acting for genderequality at work. Using qualitative interviews with 26 first-level managersand employees, we introduce an analytical framework that employs criticaldiscourse psychology and the conceptualization of a postfeministsensibility at work. We identified three competing meanings (postfeministstorylines) of gender and intragroup conflict: Supporting the genderedmeanings of conflict, Unawareness of conflict’s gendered meanings andCounteracting the gendered meanings of conflict. The welfare workersacknowledged the role of gender in intragroup conflicts but, paradoxically,constructed their own workplaces as gender neutral, withoutinequalities related to gender. We interpret these three postfeminist storylinesas coping strategies; that is, as ways to make sense of the falsepromise of gender egalitarianism that characterizes the Swedish labourmarket.

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  • 10.
    Öhman, Ann
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Keisu, Britt-Inger
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Enberg, Birgit
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Avdelningen för fysioterapi.
    Professional knowledge development and evidence-based practice in confusing vs. supportive work organizations: A grounded theory situational analysis of Swedish elderly care2023Ingår i: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, ISSN 0959-3985, E-ISSN 1532-5040, Vol. 39, nr 5, s. 994-1006Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This article focuses on knowledge development and health professionals’ opportunitiesto use evidence-based practice (EBP). We studied registered physiotherapists (PT), occupationaltherapists (OT) and nurses (RN) in Swedish elderly-care institutions, a sector known for highturnover and shortages of competent staff.Objective: To examine the perspectives of healthcare providers on professional knowledge developmentand EBP in their organization.

    Methods: We conducted on-site qualitative interviews with a purposive sample of PTs, OTs andRNs, in six elderly care institutions. Situational analysis was used to analyze the material.

    Results: Three discursive professional positions were found: 1) Professional ambition in confusingwork organization; 2) Professional ambition in a knowledge-promoting work organization; and 3) Professional indifference with few aspirations for knowledge development. Professional aspirationstoward knowledge development were high in two of these positions, whereas the third representsa slightly different approach with fewer aspirations for knowledge development. Linked to theseprofessional approaches to knowledge development is a continuum of aggravating or facilitatingfactors within the work organization, including varying degrees of support from leadership of theorganization, as well as few opportunities for rewards.

    Discussion and conclusions: It is concluded that elderly care needs to develop strategies forevidence-based practice in order for the sector to become a sustainable arena for health professionals’career development, and in order to improve the quality of care for the elderly.

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  • 11.
    Goicolea, Isabel
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Gotfredsen, Anne
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Jonsson, Frida
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Arktiskt centrum vid Umeå universitet (Arcum).
    Wernesjö, Ulrika
    Department of Culture and Society, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    The Promise of Belonging: Racialized Youth Subject Positions in the Swedish Rural North2023Ingår i: Journal of International Migration and Integration, ISSN 1488-3473, E-ISSN 1874-6365, Vol. 24, s. 695-713Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses how youth subject positions of the ‘racialized other’ are produced, and how these positions interconnect with the concept of belonging to the rural community. We do this by analysing 15 group discussions with 63 young people living in rural areas in northern Sweden taking a discursive psychology approach, and focusing on how discourses produce certain subject positions of ‘the racialized other’. Drawing on the concepts of the politics of belonging and the ‘stranger’, we argue that discourses on belonging to the (rural) community create boundaries that exclude ‘other’ youth, as well as resistance and contestation. The subject positions that such discourses produce represent racialized youth in stereotypical ways and imply a promise of belonging for certain ‘others’ based on their fulfilment of particular norms. However, such a depoliticized promise of belonging that places the responsibility for becoming integrated on the ‘others’ was also challenged. Firstly, in relation to criticisms of the welfare system, and secondly, in relation to racism as an unwelcome threat in rural communities.

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  • 12.
    Stanfors, Maria
    et al.
    Department of Economic History, Lund University, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Tobias
    Department of Economic History, Lund University, Sweden.
    Andersson, Lars-Fredrik
    Department of Economic History and International Relations, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Liselotte, Eriksson
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Between voluntarism and compulsion: membership in mutual health insurance societies in Swedish manufacturing, c. 19002023Ingår i: Economic history review, ISSN 0013-0117, E-ISSN 1468-0289Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Membership in mutual health insurance societies spread among industrial workers in the late nineteenth century. We study determinants of such membership among male workers in Swedish manufacturing by using matched employer–employee data from three industries covering all workers (i.e. members and non-members, N > 12 000) and firms around 1900. We find remarkably high rates of membership overall, and especially among married workers. The association between marital status and health insurance suggests that selection into health insurance societies was ‘propitious’ rather than ‘adverse’. Many workers became members well before the age of 40 years, when their health began to deteriorate, and this coincided with the average age of first marriage for men, occurring in their late twenties. Being married and having membership was more marked in firms with voluntary membership and was important for the viability of the mix of voluntary and compulsory health insurance societies emerging in Nordic countries around 1900. Findings support the idea that health insurance can attract high levels of membership under voluntary schemes and suggest why it took so long before statutory health insurance covering sickness absence and workplace accidents was introduced in Sweden.

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  • 13.
    Holmberg, Jenny
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Linander, Ida
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Södersten, Maria
    Division of Speech and Language Pathology, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Medical Unit Speech-Language Pathology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap.
    Exploring motives and perceived barriers for voice modification: the views of transgender and gender-diverse voice clients2023Ingår i: Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, ISSN 1092-4388, E-ISSN 1558-9102, Vol. 66, nr 7, s. 2246-2259Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To date, transgender and gender-diverse voice clients' perceptions and individual goals have been missing in discussions and research on gender-affirming voice therapy. Little is, therefore, known about the client's expectations of therapy outcomes and how these are met by treatments developed from views of vocal gender as perceived by cisgender persons. This study aimed to explore clients' individual motives and perceived barriers to undertaking gender-affirming voice therapy.

    Method: Individual, semistructured interviews with 15 transgender and gender-diverse voice clients considering voice therapy were conducted and explored using qualitative content analysis.

    Results: Three themes were identified during the analysis of the participants' narratives. In the first theme, “the incongruent voice setting the rules,” the contribution of the voice on the experienced gender dysphoria is put in focus. The second theme, “to reach a voice of my own choice,” centers around anticipated personal gains using a modified voice. The third theme, “a voice out of reach,” relates to worries and restricting factors for not being able to reach one's set goals for voice modification.

    Conclusions: The interviews clearly indicate a need for a person-centered voice therapy that starts from the individuals' expressed motives for modifying the voice yet also are affirmative of anticipated difficulties related to voice modification. We recommend that these themes should form the basis of the pretherapy joint discussion between the voice client and the speech-language pathologist to ensure therapy goals that are realistic and relevant to the client.

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  • 14.
    Overud, Johanna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    "Now it has happened!": The entry/return of Women in the Chimney-sweep profession in Sweden during the 1970’s2023Ingår i: ESSHC 2023: Preliminary Programme, 2023Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about the meanings of the absence/presence of women in the traditionally male chimney-sweeping profession. Women entered the chimney-sweepers profession in the 1970’s, and were presented as the first ones in this job. But history shows that women existed in this occupation further back in time. At least ten percent of Stockholm's chimney sweepers during the 18th and 19th centuries were women. Widows of chimney sweepers often succeeded their husbands in his chimney sweeping business as a survival strategy, because women at that time had limited opportunities to support themselves.

    Today, the proportion of women active in the profession is only about 2-3% of the total number of chimney sweepers. Even less is the proportion of women in leading positions in the chimney sweeper businesses. What has male dominance/women’s presence in this profession meant? The study is based on material from state education archives (Statens Brandskola, Statens Brandnämnd) interviews with chimney sweeps, media materials. The study focuses on how power structures interact in the social and cultural processes of professions.

  • 15.
    Overud, Johanna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    "För oss är framtiden oviss": Sömmerskor i norrländsk beklädnadsindustri 1972–19932023Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 16.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Sundström, Kristin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Integrating the immigrant the Swedish way? Understandings of citizenship and integration in Swedish local civic integration projects2023Ingår i: Journal of Intercultural Studies, ISSN 0725-6868, E-ISSN 1469-9540, Vol. 44, nr 4, s. 553-569Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, integration is a pressing issue particularly following the large influx of immigrants in 2015. Swedish municipalities play an important role in civic integration, with responsibility for newly arrived immigrants receiving a basic understanding of Swedish society, their rights and obligations. We analyse data from 204 applications granted funding 2016/2017 for projects improving the integration of refugees into society by co-operation between municipalities and other actors. Using thematic analysis, we identify two broad themes. One concerning the ‘what’ of integration–the Swedish values, norms and behaviours that immigrants are expected to learn in order to become ‘good’ Swedish citizens, and the other concerning the means or the ‘how’ of integration. However, although these projects are well-meaning, they may have normalizing and disciplining effects whereby the immigrant is constructed as subordinate, as the Other. Swedish gender-equality is heavily emphasized and we see how, in relation to this, the immigrant is constructed as unmodern, bound by tradition and unequal. Particularly immigrant women are produced as passive objects rather than active subjects, in need of special women’s activities and lacking as parents in comparison with the Swedish ideal.

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  • 17.
    Persson, Margareta
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Lindberg, Inger
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Regional and clinical guidelines for prevention and care of obstetric anal sphincter injuries - A critical frame analysis2023Ingår i: Midwifery, ISSN 0266-6138, E-ISSN 1532-3099, Vol. 119, artikel-id 103608Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Policy documents govern how the prevention and care of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) are implemented. Thus, in the absence of Swedish national guidelines on OASIS, differing views may be visible in the regional and local policy documents. Therefore, we aimed to analyse regional and local policies, guidelines, and care programs on the prevention of OASIS and care for OASIS-affected women in a Swedish context by applying a critical frame analysis inspired by Verloo.

    Design and setting: A cross-sectional study of existing policy documents from Swedish healthcare regions was performed. The documents were analysed using Verloo's critical frame analysis.

    Findings: We found that OASIS was framed as a preventable problem addressed by skilled protective manoeuvres of the healthcare staff. Education, communication, and teamwork were three frames of crucial solutions to minimise the prevalence of OASIS. However, complicating power dimensions between professional groups and between professionals and birthing women were identified. Furthermore, several discursive struggles were found, predominantly regarding the scientific evidence for the suggested prevention and care.

    Conclusion: The policy documents emphasised that OASIS is preventable, and improved education, communication, and teamwork could diminish the OASIS prevalence. Nevertheless, power dimensions and discursive struggles may challenge the preventive efforts. Furthermore, each Swedish region has the sovereignty to develop its policies, which was reflected in our findings and may imply inequities in care provision. Thus, there is an urgent need to develop comprehensive national high-quality guidelines of high quality for OASIS prevention and care so that all women giving birth have access to equal care and treatment in Sweden.

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  • 18.
    Tafvelin, Susanne
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Keisu, Britt-Inger
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Development and validation of the InEquality in organisations Scale (InE-S): a measure based on Acker’s inequality regimes2023Ingår i: Gender in Management, ISSN 1754-2413, E-ISSN 1754-2421Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a scale that can be used to assess inequality at work based on gender, age and ethnicity that is grounded in Acker’s (2006) inequality regimes.

    Design/methodology/approach: The authors used three representative samples (total N = 1,806) of Swedish teachers, nurses and social workers to develop and validate the scale. The validation process included the assessment of content validity, confirmatory factor analysis for factorial validity, internal consistency and associations with theoretically warranted outcomes and related constructs to assess criterion-related validity and convergent validity.

    Findings: The authors found evidence supporting the content, factorial, criterion-related and convergent validity of the InEquality in organisations Scale (InE-S). Furthermore, the scale demonstrated high internal consistency.

    Originality/value: The newly developed scale InE-S may be used to further the understanding of how inequality at work influences employees. This study makes a contribution to the current literature by providing a scale that, for the first time, can test Acker’s hypotheses using quantitative methods to demonstrate the consequences of inequality at work.

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  • 19.
    Alm, Erika
    et al.
    Department of Cultural Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Berg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Parenting the nation: state violence and reproduction in Nicaragua and Sweden2023Ingår i: Struggles for reproductive justice in the era of anti-genderism and religious fundamentalism / [ed] Diana Mulinari; Marta Kolankiewicz; Rebecca Selberg, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2023, s. 213-240Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Reproduction is a core question for the state, a site of struggle between the reproduction of the nation and the reproduction of liveable lives, especially for those citizens whose rights are rarely recognized in the first place. What role does the exceptionalisation of reproductive rights play in the reproduction of the nation-state? Nicaragua and Sweden are countries where debates about reproductive justice highlight tensions in the projection of a state that cares for its citizens. Nicaragua, the second-poorest country in the Western hemisphere with one of the most repressive and punitive legislations on abortion in the world. Sweden with its reputation as a pioneering nation in matters of gender equality and reproductive justice. This chapter draws on a particular formulation of the centrality of the state in theories and practices of reproductive justice: the notion of the state as a parent with a particular responsibility to protect and foster, but also discipline and subjugate, its citizens. Political leaders, Fathers and Mothers of the Nation, form the discourse within which the state regulates its imagined children’s, the citizens, reproductive rights. As such the governance of reproduction is a vital aspect of the political fantasy about the nation-state and its futuriority.

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  • 20.
    Berg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Feminist ethnographies: methodological reflections in gender research2023Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Can there really be a feminist ethnography?

    The question was asked decades ago, and we need to return to it. Feminist ethnographic ideals about trust, collaboration and exchange of knowledge are important but not necessarily easy. 

    The following book is the result of discussions about reflexivity, ethics, and subject positions in ethnographic work within interdisciplinary gender studies. What do positionality and ethical considerations mean in our ethnographic work today? In this anthology nine researchers, from six disciplines, explore this area anchored in their ongoing research.

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  • 21.
    Berg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Reflexive ethnography in gender research2023Ingår i: Feminist ethnographies: methodological reflections in gender research / [ed] Linda Berg, Umeå: Umeå University , 2023, s. 10-23Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 22.
    Neidhardt-Mokoena, Anja
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Designhögskolan vid Umeå universitet. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Doing the right thing(s) when imagining and creating what is not yet: ethics in design research workshops2023Ingår i: Feminist ethnographies: methodological reflections in gender research / [ed] Linda Berg, Umeå: Umeå University , 2023, s. 90-106Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    From a feminist perspective, the chapter by Anja Neidhardt-Mokoena explores ethics in participatory design workshops. She articulates how ethical questions are generally approached in design research, and then looks at a concrete example to reflect on what doing the right thing(s) might entail.

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  • 23.
    Björklund, Henrik
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Devinney, Hannah
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för datavetenskap. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Computer, enhence: POS-tagging improvements for nonbinary pronoun use in Swedish2023Ingår i: Proceedings of the third workshop on language technology for equality, diversity, inclusion, The Association for Computational Linguistics , 2023, s. 54-61Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Part of Speech (POS) taggers for Swedish routinely fail for the third person gender-neutral pronoun hen, despite the fact that it has been a well-established part of the Swedish language since at least 2014. In addition to simply being a form of gender bias, this failure can have negative effects on other tasks relying on POS information. We demonstrate the usefulness of semi-synthetic augmented datasets in a case study, retraining a POS tagger to correctly recognize hen as a personal pronoun. We evaluate our retrained models for both tag accuracy and on a downstream task (dependency parsing) in a classicial NLP pipeline.

    Our results show that adding such data works to correct for the disparity in performance. The accuracy rate for identifying hen as a pronoun can be brought up to acceptable levels with only minor adjustments to the tagger’s vocabulary files. Performance parity to gendered pronouns can be reached after retraining with only a few hundred examples. This increase in POS tag accuracy also results in improvements for dependency parsing sentences containing hen.

  • 24.
    Erhard, Sophia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Can moments of ethical tension between the procedural phase and ethics in practice be resolved through a feminist research ethic?2023Ingår i: Feminist ethnographies: methodological reflections in gender research / [ed] Linda Berg, Umeå: Umeå University , 2023, s. 120-132Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter by Sophia Erhard focuses on the tensions that can arise during the process of applying for ethical approval in relation to research in practice. It further investigates whether and how a feminist research ethic can be employed as a tool to resolve such tensions.

  • 25.
    Helander, Disa
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Threading a thin path between representational violence and asserting the authority of feminist ethnography2023Ingår i: Feminist ethnographies: methodological reflections in gender research / [ed] Linda Berg, Umeå: Umeå University , 2023, s. 27-42Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 26.
    Helander, Disa
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Bordering through genetics: DNA testing, family reunification and Swedish migration control2023Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    After people flee to Sweden and are granted asylum, their family members must apply to the Swedish migration authorities in order to be reunited with their loved ones in Sweden. As part of this process, some applicants must prove their relationships through DNA analysis. In such situations, ‘family’ is conceptualised as meaning only genetic parent-child relationships and couples who have a child to whom they are both genetically related. This contrasts to more varied constructions of family in other contexts, not least compared to queer family and kinship practices. In this thesis, I analyse the use of DNA testing in family reunification in Sweden, its consequences, as well as how ‘family’, ‘migration control’ and ‘knowledge’ are constructed in this practice. Drawing on postcolonial and queer feminist theorising, as well as feminist science and technology studies, I examine the interrelatedness of power, body, scientific knowledge production, experience, and critique. I interrogate the use of DNA tests in migration control through an ethnographic study consisting of interviews and observations, as well as policy and published material. The study involves people who have applied for family reunification, civil servants at the Swedish Migration Agency, officials from the Migration Courts, staff in laboratories analysing DNA, representatives from migrant rights organisations and lawyers.

    When DNA tests are used in family reunification proceedings they come to function as the ultimate arbiter of who counts as ‘family’, and are a determining factor in whether family reunification is granted. I argue that this is based on hierarchical valuations of different knowledges. It also relies on a combination of racialised and heterosexual schemes of (un)intelligibility that shape which families, relationships, and lives are thought of as deserving protection or family reunification. My analysis of how DNA is analysed and constructed as knowledge demonstrates the gradual reduction of ambiguity and corollary stabilisation of meaning this process involves. This occurs within the laboratory processes themselves, and then when test results are subsequently used within the legal system. Despite the contingencies of these processes of production and interpretation of knowledge, DNA analyses are constructed as unchallengeable; they are seen as providing clear-cut answers as to who is family. I contend that DNA testing in migration control reproduces an epistemic order in which migrants’ accounts are devalued and treated with suspicion, and where technoscience assumes the function of a producer of facts and truth. I argue that the use of a form of knowledge that is constructed as objective, neutral, and reliable leads to migration control itself being constructed as neutral, and as characterised by administrative justice. Through the example of DNA testing, this thesis claims that racialised and sexualised discourses in combination with the mobilisation of what is considered infallible knowledge function to legitimise and naturalise migration control.

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  • 27.
    Goicolea, Isabel
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Bäckström, Hanna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Lauri, Marcus
    Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Carbin, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Linander, Ida
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Daring to ask about violence?: a critical examination of social services’ policies on asking about gender-based violence2023Ingår i: Journal of Gender-Based Violence, ISSN 2398-6808, Vol. 7, nr 3, s. 467-482Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article critically analyses the assumptions and effects of the ‘daring to ask approach’ to gender based violence (GBV), as expressed in the policies that govern social services’ work in Sweden. We show how GBV is constituted as a sensitive issue connected with shame and as something that will not be brought up spontaneously; GBV is something that women who had experienced it carry with them as an ‘untouched truth’ waiting to be discovered by social workers while women’s worries about the consequences of telling are not made intelligible. The very speaking as such is seen as emancipatory, and the social worker is understood as a facilitator. With this approach follows standardised questions, aiming for neutrality and equity. However, these are so wide and unspecific, that the risk is that no one thinks the questions are directed to her. By making the assumptions and effects of a seemingly self-evident strategy visible, we demonstrate areas in need of further research and policy development, such as barriers to help-seeking (beyond stigmatisation) and effects of standardisation. This is an important undertaking since without critical scrutiny of the policies there is a risk that stakeholders assume that merely asking will resolve the problem of GBV.

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  • 28.
    Brandén, Jennie
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. Lávvuo – forskning och utbildning för samisk hälsa, Umeå universitet, Umeå, Sverige..
    Nilsson, Lena Maria
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa. Lávvuo – forskning och utbildning för samisk hälsa, Umeå universitet, Umeå, Sverige..
    Burman, Monica
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet. Lávvuo – forskning och utbildning för samisk hälsa, Umeå universitet, Umeå, Sverige..
    Stoor, Jon Petter A.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa. Institutionen för Epidemiologi och Global Hälsa, Lávvuo – forskning och utbildning för samisk hälsa, Umeå universitet, Umeå, Sverige; Senter for Samisk Helseforskning, Institutt for Samfunnsmedisin, UiT – Norges Arktiske Universitet, Tromsø, Norge.
    Utsatthet för sexuellt våld bland samiska kvinnor i Sverige: den Samiska HLV studien 20212023Ingår i: Tidsskrift for kjønnsforskning, ISSN 0809-6341, E-ISSN 1891-1781, Vol. 47, nr 2-3, s. 113-129Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Frågan om sexuellt våld har under de senaste åren fått ett allt större utrymme i Sápmi. I denna artikel, som baseras påden populationsbaserade studien «Samisk hälsa på lika villkor» (Samisk HLV) 2021, undersöks utsatthet för sexuelltvåld bland samiska kvinnor och män i Sverige jämfört med kvinnor och män i Sveriges befolkning. Analysen visaratt sexuellt våld mot kvinnor utgör ett mycket omfattande samhällsproblem i det samiska samhället, i minst sammaomfattning som i övriga Sverige. Samiska kvinnor rapporterar en signifikant högre utsatthet för flera former av sexuelltvåld jämfört med kvinnor i Sverige, däribland utsatthet för våldtäkt och våldtäktsförsök. Analysen visar även attsamiska kvinnor är mer benägna att söka vård samt polisanmäla efter övergreppet, vilket nyanserar bilden av en tystnadkring sexuellt våld i Sápmi. Utifrån ett urfolksfeministiskt perspektiv belyser artikeln hur könade och kolonialamaktrelationer samspelar vad gäller utsatthet för sexuellt våld i Sverige och att positionen som både kvinna och sameökar utsattheten för sexuellt våld, medan att vara man och same inte gör det. Sammantaget pekar artikeln på att bådekön och samisk tillhörighet har betydelse för utsatthet för sexuellt våld och därmed på vikten av att inkludera samiskaperspektiv i framtida forskning om, och politiska insatser mot, sexuellt våld.

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  • 29.
    Berg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). UCGS .
    What's the Fuss?: In search for the inscrutable andropause in Sweden2023Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2002, in the Swedish Medical National Assembly, the question of whether there is something that can be medically defined as a male menopause and how the hormonal transition should be perceived regarding men's bodies was dealt with. The term andropause, investigated and discussed early by urologists during the 1940s has parallels to menopause and is used to describe a period characterized by reduced physical and sexual ability. 

    Twenty years after the Medical Assembly an expert group for endocrine diseases in Stockholm presented results which showed that more men are worried about testosterone levels and the prescription of testosterone has increased in recent years, despite the lack of studies showing the benefit of treatment in many male patients. Together, studies from 1940s up to contemporary time reflect what STS-professor Nelly Oudshoorn (1994) has emphasised, that biomedical discourses change as part of technical medical development and shift in response to changes in society. When reading through medical articles there is not much disagreement regarding general biological changes in men's bodies. So why is it important to investigate and debate the existence of andropause, and how can we understand the affective reactions today? The following paper take as a starting point ethnographic work and media material on andropause in a Swedish context. Through feminist thinking on biomedicalisation, the material about the phenomena is being analysed and issues being raised regarding masculinity, age and health in contemporary neoliberal and biocapital times.

  • 30.
    Norlander, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Från kvinnoforskning till genusstudier2023Ingår i: Humaniora: om humanistiska fakulteten vid Umeå universitet / [ed] Alf Arvidsson; Lars-Erik Edlund; Elena Lindholm; Per Melander; Christer Nordlund, Umeå: Umeå University, 2023, 2, s. 86-89Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 31.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    The demands of the historical unconscious: the psychopathology of history2023Ingår i: Feminist philosophy: time, history and the transformation of thought / [ed] Synne Myrebøe; Valgerður Pálmadóttir; Johanna Sjöstedt, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2023, 1, s. 57-66Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
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  • 32.
    Andersson, Lars Fredrik
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för ekonomisk historia. Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Liselotte, Eriksson
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Harris, Bernard
    Social Work and Social Policy, University of Strathclyde, UK.
    Morbidity among working class men and women in early twentieth century Sweden2023Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates gendered morbidity patterns by employing micro data derived from sickness records and membership ledgers on working class men and women in the early 20th century Sweden. We find that the main reason for gendered morbidity differences - that woman faced fewer, but longer sickness episodes than men – reflects gendered productive and reproductive activities. Men suffered from the large number of work-place accidents as workers in the production sector, while women faced major risks due to pregnancy, childbearing and related sickness. Women also suffered more from for diseases of the blood, diseases of the digestive & metabolic system and diseases the genitourinary than men. Both men and women faced shorter, but longer, sickness episodes in urban areas attributed to the underlying differences in morbidity causes during the epidemiological transition.

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  • 33.
    Fingalsson, Rebecka
    et al.
    Natural Science, Mathematics and Society, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Junkala, Hannele
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för naturvetenskapernas och matematikens didaktik. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    'Happy Stories' of Swedish Exceptionalism: Reproducing Whiteness in Teaching and Biology Textbooks in Sexuality Education2023Ingår i: Science & Education, ISSN 0926-7220, E-ISSN 1573-1901Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Sexuality education (SE) takes place in fields of tension where biology, legislation, norms, and values intersect. Drawing on Ahmed’s phenomenological account of whiteness, this article examines how Swedish whiteness is constructed and reproduced within SE. In Sweden, SE is formalised as an overarching, subject-integrated knowledge area where the biology subject plays a crucial role in its delivery. To include a wide spectrum of SE, where both planned and unplanned aspects of teaching are considered, as well as tensions in the content, we have analysed eight semi-structured teacher interviews and five biology textbooks. Our analysis shows how Swedish whiteness is reproduced as a form of institutionalised orientation constructed by norms, social values, people, subject knowledge, policies, and legislation, all intertwined in a complex web. This web places SE, teachers, and pupils in a racial landscape that constructs and reproduces specific forms of Swedish whiteness by assigning each a position in relation to familiarity. This familiarity provides a taken-for-granted starting point in SE, where ‘here’ is constructed as a place of progression, openness, and possibilities for happy future sexual lives, while other places come to stand out as hyper-visible examples of the less familiar, less happy, and ‘far away’. From this outpost, teachers and biology textbooks construct and reproduce Swedish whiteness through 'happy stories' of Swedish exceptionalism. Although these positive messages in SE may stem from good intentions, our findings show that a colourblind view of racial hierarchies in the rendering of ‘happy stories, about, for example, gay rights, free abortion, and equality also contributes to reproducing whiteness and reinforcing ideas about race and Swedish exceptionalism in SE.

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  • 34.
    Junkala, Hannele
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för naturvetenskapernas och matematikens didaktik. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Balansakter - kroppar, sexualiteter och det oväntade: kritiska och didaktiska perspektiv på sexualundervisning inom biologiämnet2023Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Sexuality education (SE) involves topics that can be perceived as sensitive and private, which creates challenges for teachers. Teachers in Sweden feel uncomfortable with the subject of SE, as they lack knowledge about LGBTQ issues and experience uncertainty in handling charged discussions. Therefore, teachers need tools for teaching this subject, regarding both the content itself and the teaching methods. Aiming to facilitate inclusive SE, this thesis thus contributes to the knowledge of contemporary SE in Sweden. Two studies were conducted: the first addressing Swedish Biology textbooks in grades 7-9, and the second involving classroom observations in three different teachers’ SE teaching in grade 8. These studies were developed into four papers.

    Paper 1 presents a content analysis of five Swedish Biology textbooks using feminist, crip and queer perspectives. The results show that trans persons, homosexuality, bisexuality, and heterosexuality are standard content. Representations of disabilities are sparse, while intersex and asexuality are not included. In paper 2, Swedish whiteness is analysed in the textbooks and teacher interviews through the lens of critical race theory. The findings reveal that references to legislation, science, progression, ethnicity, tradition, and culture construct Swedish whiteness as a ‘happy’ place ‘here’, in contrast to less happy places elsewhere, far away ‘there’. Paper 3 concerns different tensions that arise during classroom teaching and how teachers balance these situations. Both the anti-oppressive strategies and the teaching methods focused on processes, facts, and relations are analysed. The results show that teachers can use tensions in SE to challenge prejudice and heteronormative assumptions. Also, teachers’ inclusion of students’ thoughts and worlds, even around controversial topics, creates recognition, subjectification, and meaning making for the students. Paper 4 explores how teachers handle unexpected situations in SE classrooms. The short interruptions are analysed through the theoretical concepts becomings, intensity, and glow.

    According to the results, when teachers capture unexpected comments, student engagement is aroused, allowing new concepts to enrich the SE content. In sum, this thesis concludes that SE needs to embrace more diverse content. This could be achieved through fluid conceptions of bodies and sexualities, thus facilitating students' recognition and subjectification, especially through the inclusion of nuances of asexuality, alternative family constellations, intersex, and crip. Finally, teachers need to welcome tensions and the unexpected as rich possibilities to capture new SE content and to create student engagement.

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  • 35.
    Devinney, Hannah
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för datavetenskap. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Eklund, Anton
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Ryazanov, Igor
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Cai, Jingwen
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Developing a multilingual corpus of wikipedia biographies2023Ingår i: International conference. Recent advances in natural language processing 2023, large language models for natural language processing: proceedings / [ed] Ruslan Mitkov; Maria Kunilovskaya; Galia Angelova, Shoumen, Bulgaria: Incoma ltd. , 2023, artikel-id 2023.ranlp-1.32Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    For many languages, Wikipedia is the mostaccessible source of biographical information. Studying how Wikipedia describes the lives ofpeople can provide insights into societal biases, as well as cultural differences more generally. We present a method for extracting datasetsof Wikipedia biographies. The accompanying codebase is adapted to English, Swedish, Russian, Chinese, and Farsi, and is extendable to other languages. We present an exploratory analysis of biographical topics and gendered patterns in four languages using topic modelling and embedding clustering. We find similarities across languages in the types of categories present, with the distribution of biographies concentrated in the language’s core regions. Masculine terms are over-represented and spread out over a wide variety of topics. Feminine terms are less frequent and linked to more constrained topics. Non-binary terms are nearly non-represented.

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  • 36.
    Lauri, Marcus
    et al.
    Department of Psychology and Social Work, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Lauri, Johanna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Linander, Ida
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Women’s shelters and private shelters discursive struggle: separatism, security and social change2023Ingår i: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The increase in private shelters for women escaping men’s violence in Sweden prompts an analysis of discursive struggles on separatism, violence, and safety. The analysis of websites and interviews with representatives from private shelters and women’s shelters show that the woman-to-woman approach is important for women’s shelters whereas private shelters frame their use of male staff as a practical necessity or a way to show women that there also exist ‘good’ men. Women’s shelters articulate the importance of knowledge about men’s violence for counteracting normalization of violence and self-blame, while private shelters emphasize therapeutic knowledge and interventions. To provide safety, women’s shelters articulate the importance of a homey atmosphere and ‘inner safety’, where private shelters emphasize security; shell protection, perpetrator profiles, and risk assessments. The women’s shelters position their work within a discourse of social change, whereas private shelters emphasize their lack of political ambitions, with profit-making as their primary motivation. Should public funding continue to be funnelled to private shelters, rather than to women’s shelters, it will undermine women’s shelter’s dual role of providing refuge and contributing to social change. Should the private shelters discourse prevail it will likely alter the support provided to victims of violence.

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  • 37.
    Carlsson, Eric
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Carbin, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Nilsson, Bo
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Restoring trust? Public communication from Swedish universities about the post-truth crisis2023Ingår i: Critical Studies in Education, ISSN 1750-8487, E-ISSN 1750-8495, Vol. 64, nr 5, s. 497-514Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we engage with five Swedish universities’ discursive articulation of, and responses to, an alleged post-truth crisis in communication, aimed at the public. Taking discourse theory as our point of departure, the aim is to analyse how universities are trying to maintain or restore trustworthiness against a backdrop of problems with fact resistance, fake news, and mistrust in academic institutions. The dilemma for universities is how to counteract post-truth without falling into the trap of returning to a realist paradigm, with its strict notions of truth and objectivity. The paper shows how public events are characterised by a crisis rhetoric, a dislocation, together with imaginaries of both external and internal threats of disorder, which convey a narrow and simplified understanding of scientific knowledge as objective and neutral. ‘Defenders of truth’ seem to foreclose any discussion by deeming knowledge relativism an irrational and dangerous position that fuels arguments claiming a truth crisis. A conclusion is that universities risk increasing polarisation, rather than trying to tackle problems of trustworthiness. The authors argue that, instead, universities need to be a