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  • 1.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine.
    Barnekow-Bergkvist, Margareta
    Angquist, Karl-Axel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Brulin, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Relationships between work-related factors and disorders in the neck-shoulder and low-back region among female and male ambulance personnel.2005In: Journal of Occupational Health, ISSN 1341-9145, Vol. 47, no 6, 481-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This cross-sectional study on a random sample of 1,500 ambulance personnel investigated the relationships between self-reported work-related physical and psychosocial factors, worry about work conditions, and musculoskeletal disorders among female and male ambulance personnel. Three different outcomes, complaints, activity limitation, and sick leave, for the neck-shoulder and low-back region, respectively, were chosen. Among the female personnel, physical demands was significantly associated with activity limitation in the neck-shoulder (OR 4.13) and low-back region (OR 2.17), and psychological demands with neck-shoulder (OR 2.37) and low-back (OR 2.28) complaints. Among the male personnel, physical demands was significantly associated with low-back complaints (OR 1.41) and activity limitation (OR 1.62). Psychological demands and lack of social support were significantly associated with neck-shoulder complaints (OR 1.86 and OR 1.58, respectively) and activity limitation (OR 3.46 and OR 1.71) as well as activity limitation due to low-back complaints (OR 2.22 and OR 1.63). Worry about work conditions was independently associated with activity limitation due to low-back complaints among the female (OR 5.28), and to both neck-shoulder and low-back complaints (OR 1.79 and OR 2.04, respectively) and activity limitation (OR 2.32 and OR 1.95) among the male personnel. In conclusion, the association patterns between physical and psychological demands and MSDs suggest opportunities for intervention.

  • 2.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine.
    Brulin, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Ängquist, Karl-Axel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Barnekow-Bergkvist, Margareta
    Work-related psychosocial factors, worry about work conditions and health complaints among female and male ambulance personnel.2005In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 19, no 3, 251-258 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Abrahamsson, Marléne
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Viklund, Mikael
    Personers upplevelse av att leva med diabetesfotsår: En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Peoples experience of living with diabetic foot ulcers

    Abstract

    Background: Foot ulcers related to diabetes is a global problem. These ulcers can be difficult to heal and very painful for the affected person. Risk for infections and amputations are high. Diabetic foot ulcers can change the affected person’s life world.

    Aim: The purpose of the literature study was to illustrate people's experiences of living with diabetic foot ulcers.

    Method: A literature study based on twelve articles with qualitative approach. The results from respective article has been reviewed, analyzed and compiled. The databases that were used was CINAHL, PubMed, MEDLINE och PsycINFO.

    Result: The analyze resulted in two categories and a total of five subcategories. The categories were: Lost autonomy and Emotional suffering.

    Conclusion: The experience of living with diabetic foot ulcers varies between individuals, but common to many is that they suffer in different ways and that the quality of life deteriorate. The nurse can be a cause of the suffering, but also a hopeful mainstay. To provide person-centered care and see the whole individual is a prerequisite for good nursing care.

    Keywords: Diabetic foot ulcers, experience, suffering.

  • 4.
    Abrahamsson, Mirjam
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Furufalk, Helena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Jämställdhet är...en alldeles för stor fråga: Barnmorskors uppfattningar om unga mäns ansvarstagande, delaktighet och möjlighet till råd och stöd, vid oönskade eller oplanerade graviditeter.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate midwives perceptions about young men’s responsibility and participation in case of unwanted and unplanned pregnancies and their ideas of support aimed at men, from an equality standpoint.

    Design: Semi-structured interviews with seven midwives in the north of Sweden. The interviews were analyzed with a qualitative content-analysis and from a Critical theory-perspective. It resulted in eleven sub-categories, four categories and one theme.

    Result: Four categories as follows, The excluded young men, shows midwives attitudes regarding that young women, the society and sexual and reproductive healthcare tends to exclude young men when it comes to men´s issues. It is a woman’s world: The midwives saw that their primary work was all about the women, where pregnancy and contraceptives overall was a woman´s matter, in which only women made the decisions. Young men acts according to the masculinity norms of the society: The young men were perceived as rarely looking for support and help with their reproductive and sexual health and were often perceived as having an immature approach to sex. Long way until the sexual and reproductive health is equal: Sex education for young men took place in large groups and was - according to the midwives, often focusing on the wrong things. Sex education needs to start early on and preferably with the support of parents. The midwives had the knowledge requested by young men, but were not routinely sharing it. The theme: Equal responsibility for reproduction no reality in practice includes all categories.

    Conclusion: Young men are considered important in theory but not in practice. The young men are perceived as absent from unplanned pregnancies. With their great knowledge within sexual and reproductive healthcare, midwives are considered ideal working with this group.

  • 5.
    Adolfsson, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Berggren Nylund, Inga
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Upplevelser av primärvården hos vuxna med Neurofibromatos typ 12015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To describe how adults with Neurofibromatosis type 1 experience their encounter with primary care

    Background: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal dominant condition including café au lait spots on the skin and multiple benign tumours that grow from peripheral nerves. The severity of the condition varies. Pains and the unpredictability of the disease may cause concern and result in repeated visits to health centres. Nursing patients with NF1 can be a challenge. 

    The presence of multiple symptoms can cause difficulties in creating a holistic approach towards the patient. Despite the fact that one of 3000 has the condition it is relatively unknown. Few studies describe how people with NF1 experience primary care.  

    Design: A quantitative cross sectional study

    Method:  In 2015, 30 participants took part in a survey with multiple choice questions and space for comments about their experiences of primary care. 

    Results: Half of the participants perceived primary care generally as good or very good. However, 93 % perceived health professionals’ knowledge about NF1 as poor or very poor.  

    Conclusion: Many professions in primary care had insufficient knowledge and understanding of NF1. This study indicates the need of improved care and a deeper insight into patients’ problems. The authors suggest establishing more centres for rare diseases. Also care planning programmes for NF1 may result in improved care at health centres. More nursing research is needed on providing information about rare diseases.     

  • 6.
    af Bjerkén, Agneta
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Åslund, Mia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Anestesisjuksköterskors erfarenheter av vård av patienter med missbruksproblem: En intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The aim of this study was to describe anaesthetic nurses' strategies for the nursing of patients with misuse dependency within anaesthetic care.Background Anaesthetic nurses daily meet patients with different backgrounds, conditions and needs. There are often different physiological and psychological factors that affect the anaesthesia and the anaesthetic care for persons with misuse problems than for persons without similar problems. These factors could be for example increased tolerance for drugs, impaired ability to digest drugs, increased bleeding tendency, stress and anxiety. The anaesthetic nurses' knowledge and understanding for earlier mentioned factors are of utmost importance for them to be able to perform a good and optimum anaesthetic care.Design The study was made with qualitative research design with semi-structured interviews.Methods The participants were chosen on a representative basis. The data collection consisted of semi-structured interviews with anaesthetic nurses in five hospitals in Sweden. The interviews were written down and analyzed using a qualitative content method.Results Twelve interviews were made during the autumn 2016. The analysis of the material resulted in three categories titled ”Having preparedness for action”, ”Communicating with the patient” and ”Being security conscious”. The categories consisted of eight subcategories that were titled ”Being prepared to adjust the doses”, ”Choosing the adequate medicine”, ”Managing bleeding tendency”, ”Handling difficulties with giving injections”, ”Establishing trust”, ”Being explicit”, ”Ensuring safety for the staff” and ”Ensuring safety for the patient”.Conclusion Anaesthetic nurses are aware of the physiological and psychological factors that affect the anaesthesia of patients with misuse dependency. They have conceived strategies for planning the anaesthesia and for preventing the emerging of problems. The predominant strategies contain drug related measures such as dose adjustment and selection of drugs. There are different opinions whether a PM or a general routine would increase the safety and improve the handling of patients with misuse dependency.Keywords: Anaesthetic nurse; Misuse; Strategies; Experiences

  • 7.
    Ahl, Caroline
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Nyström, Maria
    To handle the unexpected: the meaning of caring in pre-hospital emergency care2012In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, Vol. 20, no 1, 33-41 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The patient's voice has not been present to the same degree as the professional perspective in caring research in a pre-hospital context. In order to further develop and improve pre-hospital care, it is therefore important to explore patients' situations not only in life threatening but also in non-traumatic situations. This is especially important as these patients might be defined as inappropriate attendees of ambulance services. The aim of this study was to interpret and explain experiences of caring in pre-hospital care situations that are not defined as traumatic or life threatening. Twenty informants aged between 34 and 82 years were interviewed. The design of the study was exploratory, and it used an interpretative approach in order to understand the meaning of pre-hospital caring. The findings show that pre-hospital caring can be understood and explained as a matter of interplay between carer(s) and patient with potentials for positive as well as negative outcomes. Our conclusion is that the initial meeting is of vital importance in how patients experience pre-hospital care. It is suggested that general public information on the development of Swedish pre-hospital care received in turn may facilitate the first encounter between patient and carer(s). 

  • 8.
    Ahl, Caroline
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. School of Health Sciences, University Collage of Borås, SE-501, 90 Borås, Sweden.
    Nyström, Maria
    Jansson, Lilian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Making up one's mind: patients' experiences of calling an ambulance2006In: Accident and Emergency Nursing, ISSN 0965-2302, E-ISSN 1532-9267, Vol. 14, no 1, 11-19 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of the inappropriate use of ambulance transport and care has mainly been studied from the professionals' and caregivers' perspective, with few studies focusing on the patient and his/her experiences. To further understand whether patients use ambulance care in an inappropriate manner and, if so, why, it is important to obtain an overall picture of the patients' existential situation at the time they call an ambulance. The aim of this study was to analyse and describe patients' experiences related to the decision to call an ambulance and the wait for it to arrive. The design was explorative, and twenty informants aged between 34 and 82 years were interviewed. Qualitative content analyses were performed. The findings showed that calling for an ambulance is a major decision that is preceded by hesitation and attempts to handle the situation by oneself. Our conclusion is that the definition of inappropriate use of valuable health care resources should not be based solely on the professionals' point of view but also take account of the patients' reactions when they experience a threat to their life and health.

  • 9.
    Ahlberg, Camilla
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Johansson, Viola
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Vårdpersonalens kunskap om trycksårsprofylax: – En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    ABSTRAKT

    Bakgrund: Att förebygga sjukdom och lindra lidande är två av sjuksköterskans huvuduppgifter. Trycksår räknas som vårdskada och är ett universellt problem med relativt konstant frekvens som innebär mycket smärta och lidande för patienten. Trycksår kan förebyggas i de flesta fall vilket är en del av vårdpersonalens ansvar.

    Syfte: Denna litteraturstudie avser att beskriva vårdpersonalens kunskap om trycksårsprofylax.

    Metod: 11 kvantitativa forskningsartiklar om vårdpersonals kunskap beträffande trycksårsprofylax har granskats och sammanställts för att få en klarare syn på kunskapen.

    Resultat: Även om vårdpersonalens kunskap om trycksårsprofylax överlag är relativt god så har man ändå kunnat identifiera stora kunskapsluckor.

    Konklusion: Dessa kunskapsluckor kan vara en av orsakerna till att undvikbara trycksår fortfarande uppstår.    

    Nyckelord: Sjuksköterska, trycksår, prevention, profylax, kunskap 

  • 10.
    Ahlberg, Jane
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Dannvik, Rebecka
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Omvårdnadsåtgärder: En litteraturstudie om omvårdnadsåtgärder vid Anorexia nervosa.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Anorexia nervosa är en ätstörning som debuterar i allt yngre ålder och kan yttra sig på olika sätt beroende på individen. Detta leder till att det inte finns ett enkelt svar på hur sjukdomen ska behandlas. Det ställer krav på både kunskap och erfarenhet hos sjuksköterskorna för att förstå komplexiteten av anorexia nervosa, vilket är nödvändigt för att uppnå ett lyckat behandlingsresultat.

     

    Syfte: Syftet är att beskriva sjuksköterskans omvårdnadsåtgärder vid behandling av anorexia nervosa hos unga kvinnor.

     

    Metod: En litteraturstudie grundad på åtta kvalitativa artiklar. Artiklarnas resultat har granskats, analyserats och sammanställts för att besvara syftet. Databassökningen har genomförts i Cinahl, Pubmed samt PsykInfo.

     

    Resultat: Sammanfattningen av artiklarnas resultat bildade tre kategorier som beskriver de omvårdnadsåtgärder sjuksköterskorna använder: 1) Bygga och upprätthålla en god relation till patienten, 2) Säkerställa viktökning och 3) Återställa ett normalt ätbeteende.  

     

    Slutsats: Litteraturstudien beskriver hur behandlingen påverkas av hur sjuksköterskorna genomför omvårdnaden. Att skapa en god relation till patienten är en avgörande komponent för att lyckas med viktökning och en beteendeförändring hos patienten.   

     

    Nyckelord: Anorexia nervosa, behandling, kvinnor, omvårdnad, ungdomar

  • 11.
    Ahlgren, Christina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Malmgren Olsson, Eva-Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Brulin, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Gender analysis of musculoskeletal disorders and emotional exhaustion: interactive effects from physical and psychosocial work exposures and engagement in domestic work2012In: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 55, no 2, 212-228 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study was to assess the relationships between physical and psychosocial work exposures, engagement in domestic work and work-home imbalance in relation to symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders and emotional exhaustion in white- and blue-collar men and women. Three thousand employees from 21 companies were asked to answer a questionnaire on family structure, household and child care tasks, work exposure, work-home imbalance and symptoms of neck/shoulder disorders, low back disorders and emotional exhaustion. Women reported more musculoskeletal disorders and engagement in domestic work. Adverse at-work exposures were highest in blue-collar women. High engagement in domestic work was not separately associated with symptoms but paid work exposure factors were associated. High engagement in domestic work interacted with adverse work exposure and increased risk estimates for low back disorders and emotional exhaustion. Reported work-home imbalance was associated with neck/shoulder disorders in women and with emotional exhaustion in both women and men.

    Practitioner Summary. The current article adds to earlier research by showing that high engagement in domestic work is not separately associated with increased symptoms, but interacts with psychosocial work exposure variables to produce emotional exhaustion in both women and men and low back disorders in women.

  • 12.
    Ahlm, Kristin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Forensic Medicine.
    Lindqvist, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Clinical Physiology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.
    Saveman, Britt-inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Björnstig, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Suicidal drowning deaths in Northern Sweden 1992-2009Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Ahlm, Kristin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Forensic Medicine.
    Lindqvist, Per
    Division of Social and Forensic Psychiatry, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Saveman, Britt-inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Björnstig, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Suicidal drowning deaths in northern Sweden 1992-2009: the role of mental disorder and intoxication2015In: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, ISSN 1752-928X, E-ISSN 1878-7487, Vol. 34, 168-172 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Suicides by drowning have received limited attention by researchers. A recent finding that almost onethird of all drowning deaths in Sweden were classified as suicide instigated this study. We identified 129 cases of suicide by drowning in Northern Sweden and analyzed the circumstances and the psychiatric history prior to the suicide. Information was obtained from autopsy, police and medical records, as well as from the National Inpatient Register. One-third of the suicide victims had previously attempted suicide and half of the victims had been hospitalized due to mental health problems. One-third of these had left the hospital less than one week before the suicide. Alcohol and psychoactive drugs were present in 16% and 62% of the cases, respectively. A history of mental disorder and previous suicide attempt (s), especially by drowning, is an ominous combination necessitating efficient clinical identification, treatment and follow-up if a complete suicide is to be prevented.

  • 14.
    Ahlm, Kristin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Forensic Medicine.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Björnstig, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Drowning deaths in Sweden with emphasis on the presence of alcohol and drugs: a retrospective study, 1992-20092013In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 13, 216- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Drowning deaths constitute a significant proportion of unnatural deaths globally. In Sweden and other high-income countries, drowning deaths have decreased. This study investigates the epidemiology and current trends of unintentional, intentional, and undetermined drowning deaths with emphasis on the presence of alcohol and other drugs.

    Methods: During an 18-years period, 5,125 drowning deaths were autopsied in Sweden. Data on cases including toxicological analysis on alcohol, pharmaceutical drugs, and illicit drugs were obtained from the National Board of Forensic Medicine.

    Results: During the study period, the annual incidence of drowning deaths in Sweden was 3.1/100,000 inhabitants and decreased on average by about 2% each year (p<0.001). The highest incidence was found among males and in middle/older age groups. The incidence increased 3% for each year of age. Children/adolescents (<= 18 years) constituted 5% of all drowning deaths. Of all drowned females in the study, 55% (847/1,547) committed suicide, which was a significantly higher proportion compared with males (21%, 763/3,578) (p<0.001). In total, 38% (1,656/4,377) of tested drowned persons had alcohol in their blood and the mean concentration was 1.8 g/l. In the unintentional drowning group, intentional drowning group, and the undetermined group, the proportion of alcohol positive was 44%, 24%, and 45%, respectively. One or several psychoactive drugs were present in the blood in 40% (1,688/4,181) of all tested persons and in 69% (965/1,394) of tested persons who died from suicidal drowning. The most common drug was benzodiazepines (21%, 891/4,181). Illicit drugs were detected in 10% (82/854) of tested persons.

    Conclusion: Presence of alcohol and drugs were frequent and may have contributed to the drowning deaths. The incidence of drowning deaths significantly decreased during the study period. Males and the middle/older age groups had a higher incidence compared to females and children. Suicidal drowning was common especially among women. Alcohol and drugs are significant contributors in drowning deaths in Sweden and should be considered as part of a comprehensive prevention program.

  • 15.
    Ahlström, Hanna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Sjöstedt, Pamela
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Den äldre människans bästa vän: En litteraturstudie om vårdhundens positiva effekter på personer med demenssjukdom2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Många personer med demenssjukdom bor på särskilda boenden. Vårdmiljön på de särskilda boendena består både av fysiska och psykosociala faktorer, vilka påverkar hälsan. Demenssjukdom är ett kroniskt tillstånd som kan orsaka flera olika symtom. Beteendemässiga och psykiska symtom vid demenssjukdom (BPSD) är vanligt förekommande och har en negativ påverkan på livskvalitén hos personer med demenssjukdom samt personer i deras närhet. BPSD behandlas oftast med läkemedel, men det finns flera kompletterande icke- farmakologiska behandlingsmetoder och djurassisterad intervention är en av dem. Inom vården har djur visat sig ha flera positiva effekter på hälsan. Hundar är det djur som används mest och finns inom exempelvis hospice, rehabilitering och demensvård.  Syfte: Syftet var att belysa positiva effekter av att använda vårdhundar inom demensvård på särskilt boende. Metod: En litteraturstudie där resultatet baserats på nio kvantitativa studier. Först genomfördes systematiska sökningar i olika databaser med utvalda sökord. Därefter granskades, analyserades och sammanställdes de valda studierna. Resultat: Sammanställningen resulterade i fyra huvudkategorier; påverkan på BPSD, påverkan på kognition, påverkan på livskvalité samt påverkan på läkemedelsanvändning. Djurassisterad intervention kan minska BPSD, förbättra orienteringsförmågan, ökad social interaktion och förbättra livskvalitén hos personer med demenssjukdom. Inom läkemedelsanvändningen sågs inga skillnader. Konklusion: Litteraturstudiens slutsats är att vårdhundar kan ha flera positiva effekter på personer med demenssjukdom. Det krävs mer forskning om interventionens utformning och om dess potentiella förmåga att komplettera eller ersätta läkemedelsanvändning.   

  • 16.
    Albinsson, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Nordlander, Anna-Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser och erfarenheter av samtal med äldre personer som vårdas i livets slutskede2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Ensuring good care in the end of life is a multifaceted task. Focus often tends to be of pharmacological orientation and mostly on relieving physical symptoms such as pain.For a person-centered care based on a holistic view, the nurse's communication with the patient is also important.The aim of this study was to describe the nurses' experiences of communicating with elderly people cared for in the end of life.Design. This study has a qualitative descriptive design and is based on interviews.Method. A total of ten nurses participated in semistructured interviews at the beginning of the year of 2017. The material was analyzed with qualitative content analysis.Findings. Eight categories emerged during analysis. The result shows that late insight and denial approach to end of life are perceived as obstructing circumstances for communication. A number of other impeding considerations such as lack of time, language barriers, lack of knowledge and experience, as well as relatives' presence are also described in this study. The nurse's closeness in a neutral relationship, the patient's ability of acceptance and the nurse's balance between professionalism and trustworthy commitment, appear on the other hand as supportive conditions for communication. A united palliative focus around the patient creates better opportunities for communication and support to adaption and acceptance in the final stage of life.Conclusions. The result shows that trustful communication is found meaningful both for the patient and for the nurse. The nurse finds that the connection to the patient through the communication is an important and necessary basis when creating a person-centered care. The communication consequently need to be highlighted as a self-evident and prioritized part in the care of the elderly person at the end of life.

  • 17.
    Alex, Jonas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Karlsson, Stig
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Effect evaluation of a heated ambulance mattress-prototype on body temperatures and thermal comfort - an experimental study2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, ISSN 1757-7241, E-ISSN 1757-7241, Vol. 22, 43- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Exposure to cold temperatures is, often, a neglected problem in prehospital care. One of the leading influences of the overall sensation of cold discomfort is the cooling of the back. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a heated ambulance mattress-prototype on body temperatures and thermal comfort in an experimental study.

    Method: Data were collected during four days in November, 2011 inside and outside of a cold chamber. All participants (n = 23) participated in two trials each. In one trial, they were lying on a stretcher with a supplied heated mattress and in the other trial without a heated mattress. Outcomes were back temperature, finger temperature, core body temperature, Cold Discomfort Scale (CDS), four statements from the state-trait anxiety - inventory (STAI), and short notes of their experiences of the two mattresses. Data were analysed both quantitatively and qualitatively. A repeated measure design was used to evaluate the effect of the two mattresses.

    Results:

    A statistical difference between the regular mattress and the heated mattress was found in the back temperature. In the heated mattress trial, the statement "I am tense" was fewer whereas the statements "I feel comfortable", "I am relaxed" and "I feel content" were higher in the heated mattress trial. The qualitative analyses of the short notes showed that the heated mattress, when compared to the unheated mattress, was experienced as warm, comfortable, providing security and was easier to relax on.

    Conclusions:

    Heat supply from underneath the body results in increased comfort and may prevent hypothermia which is important for injured and sick patients in ambulance care.

  • 18.
    Alex, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Feministiska perspektiv på omvårdnad - finns det?1998In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 75, no 1-2, 57-61 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Alex, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Omvårdnad.
    Fråntagna sitt språk2007In: Invandrare och Minoriteter, no 6, 32-5 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20.
    Alex, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Resilience among old Sami women2016In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 36, 1738-1756 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is lack of research on old indigenous women’s experiences. The aim of thisstudy was to explore how old women narrate their experiences of wellbeing andlack of wellbeing using the salutogenetic concept of resilience. Interviews fromnine old Sami women were analysed according to grounded theory with the followingthemes identified: contributing to resilience and wellbeing built up from the categoriesfeeling connected, feeling independent and creating meaning; andcontributing to lack of lack of resilience and wellbeing built up from the categoryexperiencing lack of connectedness. The old Sami women’s narratives showedthat they were to a high extent resilient and experienced wellbeing. They felt bothconnected and independent and they were able to create meaning of being anold Sami woman. Having access to economic and cultural capital were for the oldSami women valuable for experiencing resilience. Lack of resilience was expressedas experiences of discrimination, lack of connectedness and living on the borderof the dominant society. Analysis of the Sami women’s narratives can give wider perspectiveson women’s health and deepen the perspectives on human resilience andincrease the understanding of minority groups in a multicultural world.

  • 21.
    Alex, Lena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Fjellman-Wiklund, Anncristine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Lundman, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Christianson, Monica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Beyond a Dichotomous View of the Concepts of 'Sex' and 'Gender' Focus Group Discussions among Gender Researchers at a Medical Faculty2012In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 7, no 11, e50275- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The concepts of 'sex' and 'gender' are both of vital importance in medicine and health sciences. However, the meaning of these concepts has seldom been discussed in the medical literature. The aim of this study was to explore what the concepts of 'sex' and 'gender' meant for gender researchers based in a medical faculty. Methods: Sixteen researchers took part in focus group discussions. The analysis was performed in several steps. The participating researchers read the text and discussed ideas for analysis in national and international workshops. The data were analysed using qualitative content analysis. The authors performed independent preliminary analyses, which were further developed and intensively discussed between the authors. Results: The analysis of meanings of the concepts of 'sex' and 'gender' for gender researchers based in a medical faculty resulted in three categories; "Sex as more than biology", with the subcategories 'sex' is not simply biological, 'sex' as classification, and 'sex' as fluid and changeable; "Gender as a multiplicity of power-related constructions", with the subcategories: 'gender' as constructions, 'gender' power dimensions, and 'gender' as doing femininities and masculinities; "'Sex and gender as interwoven", with the subcategories: 'sex' and 'gender' as inseparable and embodying 'sex' and 'gender'. Conclusions: Gender researchers within medicine pointed out the importance of looking beyond a dichotomous view of the concepts of 'sex' and 'gender'. The perception of the concepts was that 'sex' and 'gender' were intertwined. Further research is needed to explore how 'sex' and 'gender' interact.

  • 22.
    Alex, Lena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lehti, Arja
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Professionell Development.
    Experiences of Well-Being Among Sami and Roma Women in a Swedish Context2013In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 34, no 8, 707-726 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our aim was to explore the experiences of well-being and lack of well-being among middle-aged and older women belonging to two national minority groups in Sweden. Interviews from nine older Sami women and four middle-aged Roma women were analyzed using grounded theory with the following categories identified: contributing to well-being (with the subcategories belonging to a healthy family, being spiritual, cultural norms as health promoting, and having had a life of one's own); and contributing to lack of well-being (with the subcategories living subordinate to the dominant society, living in a hierarchical family, and living in the shadow of tuberculosis.)

  • 23.
    Alex, Lena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Wikberg, A
    Feministisk kritik av kurslitteratur inom ämnet professionell omvårdnad1994In: Omvårdaren, ISSN 0280-4123, no 2, 24-27 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Algotsson, Elin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Undersökningar med magnetkamera av fullgångna och prematura barn: En litteraturstudie om risker och patientsäkerhet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: MRI is a relatively safe diagnostic method with non-ionizing radiation used, as is not the case in conventional radiography. Despite this there are still risks to take into account, some common to all patients. For neonates, premature and full-term, these risks differ, and thereby also affect the neonatal staff and the radiographer's ability to meet the child's special need of patient safety. Purpose: This study aims to describe specific risk factors that affect patient safety during examination with MRI, regarding the full term and preterm neonatal child. Method: scientific articles were searched in PubMed, Cinahl and Medline, eight quantitative articles were selected for quality review. Results: After analysis of these eight articles, four categories were recognized and distinguished; image quality, hypothermia, low oxygen saturation, and anesthetics. The results also showed that the use of an MR-compatible incubator further impacted patient safety positively. Conclusion: Image quality, hypothermia, low oxygen saturation and anesthetics are specific risk factors that need to take into account when considering the patient safety in preterm and full-term neonates.

    Keywords: magnetic resonance imaging, infant premature, patient safety

  • 25. Alvariza, Anette
    et al.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Boman, Kurt
    Brännström, Margareta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Family members' experiences of integrated palliative advanced home and heart failure care: A qualitative study of the PREFER intervention2017In: Palliative & Supportive Care, ISSN 1478-9515, E-ISSN 1478-9523Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 26. Alverbratt, Catrin
    et al.
    Berlin, Johan
    Åström, Sture
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, University West, Trollhättan.
    Kauffeldt, Anders
    Carlström, Eric
    A New Working Method in Psychiatric Care: The Impact of Implementation2017In: International Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 0190-0692, E-ISSN 1532-4265, Vol. 40, no 3, 295-304 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An equal mix of organizational cultures is important for a successful implementation process. The aim of this study was to examine the implementation of a new working method in psychiatric hospital wards, representing different cultural characteristics. Descriptive quantitative data were collected at two hospitals (intervention and control). The results revealed one ward characterized by a mix of organizational cultures. This ward, compared with other intervention wards, showed the best results regarding patient assessed empowerment and participation. The result shows tentatively that organizational culture may have an impact on the implementation processes.

  • 27.
    Aléx, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Cold exposure and thermal comfort among patients in prehospital emergency care: innovation research in nursing2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Patients’ cold exposure is a neglected problem in prehospital emergency care. Cold stress increases pain and anxiety and contributes to fear and an overall sense of dissatisfaction. When left untreated, cold stress disturbs vital body functions until ultimately reaches hypothermia.

    Aim

    The overall aim was to investigate patients’ experiences of thermal comfort and reactions to cold exposure in prehospital emergency care and to evaluate the effects of an intervention using active warming from underneath.

    Method

    Study I:

    Persons (n=20) injured in a cold environment in the north of Sweden were interviewed. Active heat was given to 13 of them.

    Study II:

    In wintertime, 62 patients were observed during prehospital emergency care. The field study was based on observations, questions about thermal discomfort, vital signs, and temperature measurements.

    Study III:

    Healthy young persons (n=23) participated in two trials each. Data were collected inside and outside a cold chamber. In one trial, the participants were lying on a regular ambulance stretcher and in a second trial on a stretcher supplied with a heated mattress. Outcomes were the Cold Discomfort Scale (CDS), back, finger, and core body temperature, four statements from the State-TraitAnxiety-Inventory (STAI), vital signs, and short notes about their experiences of the two stretchers.

    Study IV:

    A quantitative intervention study was conducted in prehospital emergency care in the north of Sweden. The patients (n=30) in the intervention group were transported in an ambulance supplemented with a heated mattress on the stretcher, whereas only a regular stretcher was used in the ambulance for the patients (n=30) in the control group. Outcomes were the CDS, finger, core body, and air temperature, and questions about cold experiences.

    Results

    Study I:

    Patients suffered more because of the cold than from the pain of their injuries. The patients were in a desperate need of heat.

    Study II:

    Patients are exposed to cold stress due to cold environments. There was a significant decrease from the first measurement in finger temperature of patients who were indoors when the ambulance arrived, compared to the measurement taken in the ambulance. In the patient compartment of the ambulance, 85% of the patients had a finger temperature below the comfort zone and almost half of them experienced the patient compartment in the ambulance to be cold. The regular mattress surface temperature at the ambulance ranged from -22.3 to 8.4 ºC.

    Study III:

    A statistical increase of the participants’ back temperature was found between those lying on the heated mattress compared to those lying on the regular mattress. The heated mattress was experienced as warm, comfortable, providing security, and easy to relax on.

    Study IV:

    Thermal comfort increased for the patients in the intervention group and decreased in the control group. A significant higher proportion of the participants rated the stretcher as cold to lie on in the control group compared to the intervention group.

    Conclusion

    The ambulance milieu is too cold to provide thermal comfort. Heat supply from underneath increased comfort and might prevent cold stress and hypothermia

  • 28.
    Aléx, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Effect evaluation of a heated ambulance mattress-prototype on thermal comfort and patients’ temperatures in prehospital emergency care -an intervention studyManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The ambulance milieu does not offer good thermal comfort to patients during the cold Swedish winters. Patients’ exposure to cold temperatures combined with a cold ambulance mattress seems to be a major factor leading to an overall sensation of discomfort. As far as we have seen, there is still little research on the effect of active heat delivered from underneath in ambulance care. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an electrically heated ambulance mattress-prototype on thermal comfort and patients’ temperatures in the prehospital emergency care.

    Methods:

    A quantitative intervention study conducted in ambulance care in the north of Sweden. The ambulance used for the intervention group (n=30) was equipped with a heated mattress on the stretcher compared to the control group (n=30) where no active heat was provided on the stretcher. Outcome variables were measured as thermal comfort on the Cold Discomfort Scale (CDS), finger, ear, and air temperatures along with subjective comments on cold experiences.

    Results:

    Thermal comfort, measured by CDS, was improved during the ambulance transport to the Emergency Department (ED) in the intervention group (p= 0.001) but decreased in the control group (p=<0.014). A significant higher proportion (57%) of the control group rated the stretcher as cold to lie down on compared to three percent in the intervention group (p<0.001). Concerning finger, ear, and compartment air temperature no significant difference between groups was found. Mean transport time was approximately 15 minutes.

    Conclusion:

    The use of active heat, from underneath, increases the patients’ thermal comfort and may prevent the negative consequences of cold stress.

  • 29.
    Aléx, Jonas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University.
    Karlsson, Stig
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Björnstig, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. Center for Disaster Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Effect evaluation of a heated ambulance mattress-prototype on thermal comfort and patients' temperatures in prehospital emergency care - an intervention study2015In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 2242-3982, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 74, 28878Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The ambulance milieu does not offer good thermal comfort to patients during the cold Swedish winters. Patients' exposure to cold temperatures combined with a cold ambulance mattress seems to be the major factor leading to an overall sensation of discomfort. There is little research on the effect of active heat delivered from underneath in ambulance care. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an electrically heated ambulance mattress-prototype on thermal comfort and patients' temperatures in the prehospital emergency care.

    METHODS: A quantitative intervention study on ambulance care was conducted in the north of Sweden. The ambulance used for the intervention group (n=30) was equipped with an electrically heated mattress on the regular ambulance stretcher whereas for the control group (n=30) no active heat was provided on the stretcher. Outcome variables were measured as thermal comfort on the Cold Discomfort Scale (CDS), subjective comments on cold experiences, and finger, ear and air temperatures.

    RESULTS: Thermal comfort, measured by CDS, improved during the ambulance transport to the emergency department in the intervention group (p=0.001) but decreased in the control group (p=0.014). A significant higher proportion (57%) of the control group rated the stretcher as cold to lie down compared to the intervention group (3%, p<0.001). At arrival, finger, ear and compartment air temperature showed no statistical significant difference between groups. Mean transport time was approximately 15 minutes.

    CONCLUSIONS: The use of active heat from underneath increases the patients' thermal comfort and may prevent the negative consequences of cold stress.

  • 30.
    Aléx, Jonas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Karlsson, Stig
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Patients' experiences of cold exposure during ambulance care2013In: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, ISSN 1757-7241, E-ISSN 1757-7241, Vol. 21, 44- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Exposure to cold temperatures is often a neglected problem in prehospital care. Cold exposure increase thermal discomfort and, if untreated causes disturbances of vital body functions until ultimately reaching hypothermia. It may also impair cognitive function, increase pain and contribute to fear and an overall sense of dissatisfaction. The aim of this study was to investigate injured and ill patients' experiences of cold exposure and to identify related factors.

    METHOD: During January to March 2011, 62 consecutively selected patients were observed when they were cared for by ambulance nursing staff in prehospital care in the north of Sweden. The field study was based on observations, questions about thermal discomfort and temperature measurements (mattress air and patients' finger temperature). Based on the observation protocol the participants were divided into two groups, one group that stated it was cold in the patient compartment in the ambulance and another group that did not. Continuous variables were analyzed with independent sample t-test, paired sample t-test and dichotomous variables with cross tabulation.

    RESULTS: In the ambulance 85% of the patients had a finger temperature below comfort zone and 44% experienced the ambient temperature in the patient compartment in the ambulance to be cold. There was a significant decrease in finger temperature from the first measurement indoor compared to measurement in the ambulance. The mattress temperature at the ambulance ranged from -22.3°C to 8.4°C.

    CONCLUSION: Cold exposure in winter time is common in prehospital care. Sick and injured patients immediately react to cold exposure with decreasing finger temperature and experience of discomfort from cold. Keeping the patient in the comfort zone is of great importance. Further studies are needed to increase knowledge which can be a base for implications in prehospital care for patients who probably already suffer for other reasons.

  • 31.
    Aléx, Jonas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lundgren, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Henriksson, Otto
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Being cold when injured in a cold environment: Patients' experiences2013In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 21, no 1, 42-49 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Patients in prehospital care, irrespective of diseases or trauma might experience thermal discomfort because of a cold environment and are at risk for decreasing body temperature which can increase both morbidity and mortality. Objective: To explore patients' experiences of being cold when injured in a cold environment. Method: Twenty persons who had been injured in a cold environment in northern Sweden were interviewed. Active heat supply was given to 13 of them and seven had passive heat supply. The participants were asked to narrate their individual experience of cold and the pre- and post-injury event, until arrival at the emergency department. The interviews were transcribed verbatim, then analyzed with qualitative content analysis. Results: Patients described that they suffered more from the cold than because of the pain from the injury. Patients who received active heat supply experienced it in a positive way. Two categories were formulated: Enduring suffering and Relief of suffering. Conclusion: Thermal discomfort became the largest problem independent of the severity of the injuries. We recommend the use of active heat supply to reduce the negative experiences of thermal discomfort when a person is injured in a cold environment.

  • 32.
    Aléx, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Att balansera mellan olika diskurser: konsten att leva som gammal samisk kvinna2008In: Människor i norr: samisk forskning på nya vägar / [ed] Sköld, Peter, Umeå: Centrum för samisk forskning , 2008, 287-301 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Aléx, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Resilience among very old men and women2010In: Journal of research in nursing, ISSN 1744-9871, Vol. 5, no 15, 419-431 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    High resilience is characterised by qualities of equanimity, perseverance, self-reliance, meaningfulness and existential aloneness. The aims of the present study were both to explore how the oldest of old men and women with estimated high resilience talk about experiences of becoming and being old, and to discuss the analysis of their narratives in terms of the foundational concepts of the Resilience Scale (RS). Thematic narrative interviews collected from 24 old people were analysed using content analysis, and the following themes were identified: feeling connected, feeling independent and creating meaning. The themes can be seen as congruent with the underlying concepts of the Resilience Scale; however, the themes were markedly gendered. A combination of both quantitative and qualitative research may contribute to a new angle of approach towards our understanding of resilience. In nursing practice it is of importance to both stimulate social contacts in the present and listen to narratives from the past to increase resilience among the oldest patients.

  • 34.
    Aléx, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Omvårdnad.
    Äldre människors berättelser om att bli och vara gammal tolkade utifrån genus- och etnicitetsperspektiv2007Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of the five studies that make up this thesis is to elucidate constructions of being old from the perspectives of gender and ethnicity. One of the studies uses quantitative data and four use qualitative data.

    The sample in study I consisted of 125 participants from the Umeå 85+ study, aged 85 to 103 years old, who were able to use Likert scales in responding to questions. Studies II and III involved content analysis of interviews with old persons scoring on the extremes of the resilience scale. In study IV, interviews with nine Sami women were analysed using grounded theory. In study V, four interview situations were subjected to discourse analysis.

    Study I showed statistically significant correlations between the scales measuring resilience, sense of coherence, purpose in life and self-transcendence. These scales were supposed to measuring a common dimension, which is here interpreted as “inner strength”. There was a significant correlation between women’s “inner strength” and perceived mental health.

    The femininities found were associated with “being connected”, “being an actor”, “living in the shadow of others” and “being alienated”. The masculinities found were associated with “being in the male centre”, “striving to maintain the male facade” and “being related”. The femininity associated with “being an actor” and the masculinity associated with “being in the male centre” were pronounced in those participants assessed as having high resilience.

    Old Sami woman were found to be balancing within various discourses, including being a reindeer owner versus not owning reindeer, being Sami versus being Swedish, speaking in Sami versus speaking in Swedish, dreaming about the past versus looking to the future, being equal to men versus living in the shadow of the male herders, and changing for survival versus striving to retain uniqueness as a Sami.

    Study V revealed that shifts in power between the interviewer and the interviewed can be related to the discourses of age, gender, education, body, ethnicity and ideology.

    This thesis presents a complex picture of what it means to be among the oldest old. The ageing, gendered and ethicised selves cannot be seen as socially and culturally fixed. For the women, the femininity expressed in “being connected” involved being satisfied, content and having positive relationships. “Being an actor” involved a stress on the person’s own strength and own choices. The femininities experienced as “living in the shadow of others” and “being alienated” generated narratives about dissociation and loneliness. For the men, it seemed important to relate to themselves and to other men. However, the masculinity expressed in “being related” involved an alternative form of masculinity, focusing on the importance of daily work, new relationships, and reflecting on the meaning of life. The Sami women showed strength in being able to position themselves between various discourses, but their narratives also showed tender sadness when they spoke of their longing for the past and for their mother tongue. The reflection on how narratives are constructed by both the interviewed and the interviewer in relation to their access to various discourses of age, gender, education, ethnicity and ideology in different interview situations can be important for increasing awareness of the role of these discourses. Various ways of constructing femininities and masculinities must be studied if we are to avoid ageism developing in society. Analyzing and reflecting on the importance of age, gender and ethnicity from a constructivist perspective may reduce stereotypical descriptions of the oldest old.

  • 35.
    Aléx, Lena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Shift in power during an interview situation: methodological reflections inspired by Foucault and Bourdieu2008In: Nursing Inquiry, ISSN 1320-7881, E-ISSN 1440-1800, Vol. 15, no 2, 169-176 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents methodological reflections on power sharing and shifts of power in various interview situations. Narratives are said to be shaped by our attempts to position ourselves within social and cultural circumstances. In an interview situation, power can be seen as something that is created and that shifts between the interviewer and the interviewed. Reflexivity is involved when we as interviewers attempt to look at a situation or a concept from various perspectives. A modified form of discourse analysis inspired by subject positioning was used to reflect on power relations in four different interview situations. The analyses indicate that reflection on the power relations can lead to other forms of understanding of the interviewee. The main conclusion that can be drawn from this study is that power relations are created within an interview situation and therefore it is important to be aware of dominant perspectives. Researchers and nurses face the challenge of constantly raising their level of consciousness about power relationships, and discursive reflexivity is one way of doing this. Thus, reflexivity is an important part of the qualitative research process.

  • 36.
    Aléx, Lena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Women´s Experiences in Connection with Induced Abortion - a Feminist Perspective2004In: Scand J Caring Sci, Vol. 18, no 2, 160-168 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Aléx, Lena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Gustafson, Yngve
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine.
    Norberg, Astrid
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lundman, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Constructions of various femininities among the oldest old women2006In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 27, no 10, 853-872 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study forms part of the Ume 85+ Study, and the aim was to explore various gendered constructions of femininities among the oldest old women. Femininities are seen as various ways of shaping oneself as a woman in relation to the impact of historical, social, and cultural circumstances. Thematic narratives were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Through interpreting these narratives in the light of gender theories, we were able to discern four femininities: “being connected,” “being an actor,” “living in the shadow of others,” and “being alienated.” The oldest old women displayed complex outlooks on femininities, and no femininity was interpreted as being in the center related to the other femininities. Further research is needed in order to disclose the complexity of femininities related to factors such as social class, ethnicity, and financial situation among the oldest old, and to acquire a greater knowledge of various femininities.

  • 38.
    Aléx, Lena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine. Allmänmedicin.
    Norberg, Astrid
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lundman, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Balancing within various discourses: the art of being old and living as a Sami woman.2006In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 27, no 10, 873-892 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Aléx, Lena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Norberg, Astrid
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lundman, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Construction of masculinities among men aged 85 and older in the north of Sweden2008In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 17, no 4, 451-459 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The aim was to analyse the construction of masculinities among men aged 85 and older. BACKGROUND: All societies have a gender order, constructed from multiple ideas of what is seen as feminine and masculine. As the group of men aged 85 and older is increasing in size and their demand for care will increase, we must recognize the importance of studying these men and various discourses of masculinities. DESIGN: Qualitative explorative. METHODS: Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse thematic narratives. Masculinity theories provided the point of departure for the analysis. RESULTS: The analysis coalesced into three masculinities. 'Being in the male centre', developed from subthemes as: taking pride in one's work and economic situation; being in the centre in relation to others; regarding women as sexual objects; and belonging to a select group. 'Striving to maintain the male facade' developed from subthemes as: emphasizing 'important' connections; having feelings of loss; striving to maintain old norms and rejecting the fact of being old. 'Being related' was formulated from subthemes as: feeling at home with domestic duties; being concerned; accepting one's own aging; and reflecting on life. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates the importance of being aware of the existence of multiple masculinities, in contrast to the generally unproblematic and unsubtle particular healthcare approaches which consider men as simply belonging to one masculinity. Relevance to clinical practice. Diverse masculinities probably affect encounters between men and healthcare providers and others who work with an older population and therefore our results are of importance in a caring context.

  • 40.
    Aléx, Lena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lundman, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lack of resilience among very old men and women: a qualitative gender analysis2011In: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice, ISSN 1541-6577, Vol. 25, no 4, 302-316 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    High degree of resilience has been described as an enduring positive view of life despite difficult circumstances during the aging process. How to become old and being old with low resilience have not been studied. The aim of this study was to illuminate experiences about becoming old and being old among very old people with low resilience. Interviews from very old women and men were analyzed using content analysis with the following themes identified: being out of it, emphasizing life experiences from the past, religious doubting, and accepting age. Except for religious doubting, the themes contained both similarities and variations between women and men. Our study showed that in spite of scoring low on the Resilience Scale (RS), very old persons can experience integration and well-being. However, the women seemed to be more vulnerable compared to men, and for them, it is important to strengthen social and relational possibilities for contributing to resilience.

  • 41.
    Aminoff, Carina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lind, Nadja
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Distriktssköterskors upplevelse av sitt arbete efter kommunalisering av hemsjukvården: en intervjustudie2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva hur distriktssköterskor på hälsocentral uppleversitt arbete sedan hemsjukvården överförts till kommunen. Åtta distriktssköterskor på fyraolika hälsocentraler intervjuades, texten analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Iresultatet framkommer tre kategorier med vardera två underkategorier; en dimension somförsvann som beskriver förlust av frihet och förlust av helhet, distriktssköterskan som bromellan organisationerna som beskriver distriktssköterskan som mellanhand och dennesoro för patientsäkerheten samt distriktssköterskans mottagning i fokus som beskrivermindre splittring, mer tid, ökad trivsel och att variationen i arbetet har fortsatt medinriktning mot specialisering och prevention. Sammanfattningen är att distriktssköterskorupplevde en förlust över att inte vara verksam i hemsjukvård, men som positivtövervägdes av möjligheten att fokusera på hälsocentralens mottagning, men trotskommunaliseringen upplevde distriktssköterskorna att de behövde utföra vissahemsjukvårdsuppdrag åt kommunens sjuksköterskor på bekostnad av hälsocentralens tid.

  • 42.
    Andersson, Anneli
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Andersson, Catarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Att leva med svårläkta venösa bensår: En litteraturstudie som beskriver patienters upplevelser av att leva med svårläkta venösa bensår2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Många människor lever idag med svårläkta bensår, varav ca 80 % avbensåren är venösa. Det är av stor vikt att rätt diagnos fastställs samt bakomliggandeorsaker behandlas. Idag finns merparten av dessa patienter i den kommunala sektorn.Vården av patienter med bensår genererar stora ekonomiska kostnaderna församhället. Svårläkta sår på underbenen kan orsakas av olika sjukdomstillstånd. Attleva med svårläkta venösa bensår har betydande inverkan på det dagliga livets olikaaktiviteter samt människors välbefinnande. Denna litteraturstudie inriktar sig påpatienternas upplevelser av att leva med svårläkta venösa bensår.Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva patienters upplevelser av att levamed svårläkta venösa bensår.Metod: En litteraturstudie med resultat från nio kvalitativa studier.Artiklarna kvalitetsgranskades, analyserades och sammanställdes.Resultat: I resultatet framkom varierade patientupplevelser av att leva medsvårläkta venösa bensår. Resultatet kategoriserades in i tre huvudkategorier och 11subkategorier. Huvudkategorierna bestod av: upplevelser av att leva medsårsmärta, upplevelser i samband med sårets uppkomst och behandling,psykologisk påverkan av patientens livssituation och upplevelser av förändring idet dagliga livet. Ett tema framkom: att uppleva ett såväl fysiskt som psykisktlidande.Konklusion: Resultatet i vår litteraturstudie indikerar ett lidande fysiskt,psykiskt samt socialt (i varierande grad) hos alla patienter som lever medsvårläkta venösa bensår. Viktigt att sjuksköterskan har ett helhetsperspektiv ochser hela människan och inte bara ett bensår.Nyckelord: venösa sår, bensår, svårläkta bensår, patientupplevelser, omvårdnad

  • 43.
    Andersson, Arvid
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Papperslösas rätt till vård: En kvantitativ studie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Undocumented migrants in Sweden are a group that does not have the same legal right to health care as other citizens in the nation. Ambiguity in the law and the lack of knowledge among health care staff has led to a situation where undocumented migrants run into obstacles to get access to the care they are entitled to.Aim: The aim of the study was to describe the knowledge and information needs among health care staff at the health centres and the emergency room in the municipality of Umeå concerning the right to health care for undocumented migrants according to swedish law.Method: This empirical study has a quantitative approach with a descriptive design. A survey was handed out to health care staff at the emergency room and health care centres in the municipality of Umeå.Result: 65,8% had experience of undocumented migrants seeking care. 39,7% percieved they had good knowledge of the rights the law afforded. 38,2% percieved they were adequately informed on the matter in the workplace. 75% percieved they need more education in the matter. 66,2% percieved there to be routines in the matter. 57,4% percieved their knowledge adequate for good and lawful care. 39,7% percieved the existence of discussion on the matter in the workplace. 44,5% felt they could assess "care that cannot be deferred". 61,8% percieved a sense of security in meeting undocumented migrants. 5,9% deemed it reasonable to contact law enforcement. 64,7% did not believe themselves to be bound by law to contact law enforcement.Conclusion: The majority had experience with meeting undocumented migrants. Approx. one third had no knowledge of the law 2013:407. Many did not know what rights the law afforded to undocumented migrants or if confidentiality applied to such patients. Self-assessed ability to provide lawful care rated considerably higher. Most found the workplace to have routines related to undocumented migrants. A majority considered they had not recieved enough information on the workplace in the matter and felt in need of more education.

  • 44.
    Andersson Birol, Tyril
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Steel, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Sjuksköterskors lindring av smärta hos barn vid vaccination. En intervjustudie.2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte:

    Syftet med studien är att beskriva likheter och skillnader mellan sjuksköterskors användning av metoder för att lindra smärta vid vaccination av barn (0-5 år) vid BVC i Sverige och internationella sjukhus i Kina, och beskriva vad som påverkar sjuksköterskors val av metod.

    Bakgrund:

    Många barn upplever vaccination som plågsamt. Enkla metoder för god smärtlindring finns, men användningen av metoder är begränsad beroende på kulturella aspekter, kunskapsbrist och ointresse.

    Metod:

    Studien genomfördes med hjälp av semistrukturerade kvalitativa intervjuer av åtta barnsjuksköterskor i Sverige och Kina. Det inspelade materialet transkriberades och analyserades med deskriptiv innehållsanalys.

    Resultat:

    Sjuksköterskorna använde sig av en rad olika metoder vid smärtlindring som till exempel avledning och Emla. Sjuksköterskans val av metod påverkades av arbetsplatsen, sjuksköterskan, barnet och föräldrarna.

    Slutsats:

    Sjuksköterskorna var intresserade av att smärtlindra barnet, men metoderna var inte alltid vetenskapligt förankrade. Författarna föreslår en utökad spridning av information för förståelse och kunskap om smärtlindring hos det lilla barnet i samband med vaccination.

  • 45.
    Andersson, Caroline
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Olivia, Carlsson
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Kvinnors upplevelser av ofrivillig barnlöshet: En litteraturstudie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: I Sverige är 7-8 % av kvinnorna ofrivilligt barnlösa. Orsakerna till infertilitet kan vara hormonrubbningar, skador på äggledarna, kvinnor senarelägger familjebildningen och livsstilsfaktorer. Infertilitet medför många olika känslomässiga reaktioner. Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att belysa kvinnors upplevelser av ofrivillig barnlöshet. Metod: Artikelsökningen genomfördes i EBSCO som innehåller omvårdnadsinriktade databaser. I litteraturstudien ingick det 12 kvalitativa studier som har analyserats och sammanställts med inspiration av Fribergs analysmetod. Resultat: Resultatet delades in i följande fem kategorier: "Känslomässiga upplevelser", "upplevelsen av förändrad kvinnlighet", "upplevelsen av utanförskap", "upplevelsen av meningen med livet" och "upplevelsen av ett livslångt fenomen". Konklusion: Litteraturstudiens resultat visar att kvinnans upplevelse av ofrivillig barnlöshet är ett komplext fenomen. Kvinnor behöver psykosocialt stöd för att kunna hantera och bearbeta sin situation på bästa sätt. Som sjuksköterskan är det viktigt att ha ett holistiskt synsätt. Mer forskning behövs inom området.

  • 46.
    Andersson, Christer
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
    Floderus, Y
    Wikberg, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lithner, Folke
    The W198X and R173W mutations in the porphobilinogen deaminase gene in acute intermittent porphyria have higher clinical penetrance than R167: a populations-based study2000In: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation, ISSN 0036-5513, Vol. 60, no 7, 643-648 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The biosynthesis of porphyrins is one of the most conserved parthways known, about the same sequence of reactions taking place in all species. By associating different metals, porphyrins give rise to the “pigments of life”: chlorophyll, haem and cobalamin. The unique tetrapyrrolic structure enables it to function in an array of reactions as a single electron carrier and as a catalyst for redox reactions. In this capacity, it constitutes the prosthetic group of enzymes participating in cellular respiration, in conversion reactions involving steroids and lipophilic xenobiotics, in protective mechanisms directed against oxidative stress and in pathways providing central messenger molecules. The formation of haem is accomplished by a sequence of eight dedicated enzymes encoded by different genes, some being active in ubiquitous as well as in erythroid isoforms. Large differences between the participating enzymes with regard to catalytic power, with low capacity steps positioned early in the catalytic chain, constitute a bar against substrate overloading of enzymes processing porphyrins, thus preventing accumulation in the body of these phototoxic compounds under physiological conditions. Most of the haem in the body is produced by the liver and bone marrow, but the mechanisms applied for the control of the synthesis differ between the two organs. The extremely potent hemeprotein enzymes formed in the liver are rapidly turned over in response to current metabolic needs. They have half-lives in the order of minutes or hours and are restored by fast-acting mechanisms for the de novo synthesis, when needed. Uninterrupted and instant availability of the compound is secured by acute deinhibition of the initial enzyme of the synthetic chain, ubiquitous 5-aminolevulinate synthase (ALAS-1), in response to drain of the free cellular haem pool caused by prevailing demands for hemeproteins or by increased catabolism of the compound. In contrast, in the erythroid progenitor cell the haem synthetic machinery is designed for uninterrupted production of huge amounts of haem for combination with globin chains to form hemoglobin at a steady rate. In the erythron the synthesis of the enzymes participating in the formation of haem is under control of erythropoietin, formed under hypoxic conditions. In the absence of iron, to be incorporated in the porphyrin formed in the last step of the synthesis, the mRNA of erythroid 5-aminolevulinate synthase (ALAS-2) is blocked by attachment of an iron-responsive element (IRE) binding cytosolic protein, and transcription of this key enzyme is inhibited. In humans, the genes for each of the haem synthetic enzymes may become the target of mutations that give rise to impaired cellular enzyme activity. Seven of the enzyme deficiencies are associated with accumulation of toxic intermediaries and with disease entities termed porphyrias. The acute porphyrias are characterized by attacks of neuropsychiatric symptoms, which may be due to a toxic surplus of the porphyrin presursor 5-aminolevulinic acid, or a consequence of a deficit of vital hemeproteins resulting from impaired synthesis of haem. In the cutaneous porphyrias, impairment of enzymatic steps where porphyrins are processed gives rise to solar hypersensitivity due to accumulation of phototoxic porphyrins in the skin. Early diagnosis, information to the patient regarding the nature of the illness and counselling aimed at avoidance of triggering factors are cornerstones in the handling of the porphyric diseases. Gene analysis is of incomparable diagnostic reliability in carrier detection, but biochemical methods must be applied in the important task of monitoring porphyric disease activity. In most forms of porphyria the gene carriers run the risk of development of associated diseases in liver or kidneys, a circumstance that prompts application of well-structured surveillance programs.

  • 47.
    Andersson, Christer
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Wikberg, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Stegmayr, Bernd
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.
    Lithner, Folke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.
    Renal symtomatology in patients with acute intermitent porphyria2000In: Journal of Internal Medicine, ISSN 0954-6820, E-ISSN 1365-2796, Vol. 248, 319-325 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Can renal insufficiency in subjects with acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) be due solely to AIP?

    Design: A population-based study.

    Subjects: Subjects with AIP ≥ 18 years of age (n = 386) in the four most northerly counties of Sweden.

    Interventions: Screening with creatinine clearance at 24 h. Patients below the lower reference level underwent a repeat clearance test and, if still low, also chromEDTA clearance.

    Results: 286 (74%) subjects performed the creatinine clearance test and in 57 clearance was low; the second clearance proved normal in 23 who were then excluded. Eighteen subjects with other possible medical reasons for renal insufficiency, ethical reasons or refusing further examinations were also excluded. The 16 remaining subjects with no explanation for their renal insufficiency other than AIP were then studied in detail. All 14 women, mean age 52 years, and two uraemic men, 58 and 67 years, had manifest AIP. Twelve patients had hypertension (HT) and four were normotensive in spite of renal insufficiency. Histological findings of renal biopsies revealed diffuse glomerulosclerotic and interstitial changes with additional ischaemic lesions.

    Conclusion: Protracted vasospasm in attacks of AIP may be a cause of renal lesions. This is discussed.

  • 48.
    Andersson, Elin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Nilsson, Amanda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Att axla ett vårdaransvar: Att vara anhörig till en närstående med Alzheimers sjukdom - en litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Alzheimers sjukdom påverkar inte bara den närstående med Alzheimer utan även anhöriga drabbas, både fysiskt och psykiskt då sjukdomen bidrar till stora förändringar i anhörigas livssituation. Därför är det viktigt att öka kunskapen om anhörigas situation för att bättre kunna stödja dem. Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva erfarenheter av att vara anhörig till en person med Alzheimer som bor hemma.

    Metod: En litteraturstudie har genomförts och nio kvalitativa artiklar har valts genom sökningar i Cinahl, PubMed och Scopus. Artiklarna har sedan granskats, analyserats och sammanställts.

    Resultat: Anhörigas erfarenheter av att ha en närstående med Alzheimer beskrevs i fyra huvudkategorier; ’Att ställas inför ett vårdaransvar som anhörig’, ’Påfrestningar på den egna hälsan’, ’Behovet av kunskap och stöd’ samt ’Förändrat vardagsliv med närstående’.

    Konklusion: Att vara anhörig till en närstående som har Alzheimers sjukdom är mycket påfrestande både fysiskt och psykiskt. Genom ökad kunskap och ökat stöd kan anhöriga förhoppningsvis bli tryggare i vårdarrollen, förebygga egen ohälsa eller förbättra den.

    Nyckelord: Alzheimers sjukdom, Anhöriga, Erfarenheter

  • 49.
    Andersson, Gun
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Höj-och sänkbara arbetsbord på 1177 sjukvårdsrådgivning och vårdcentral2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractBackgroundOccupations involving more sedentary at work occurs in today´s society to a greater extent, and even in their spare time, several are less physically active. Around 1.2 million acquisition workers felt that their work contained an excessive amount of sedentary.PurposeThe aim of this thesis was to examine the self-assessed work environment amongst medical staff who uses height-adjustable work desks.MethodThe study was conducted as a quantitative survey with validated questionnaires from QPS Nordic- 34 + questions from AFS 2012:2 checklists from the Swedish Work Environment Authority. A convenience sample of 1177 medical counseling and a health center of Uppsala led to 53 completed questionnaires. The study material was analyzed through the development of descriptive statistics and related analysis.ResultThe majority of the 53 respondents had a height- adjustable desk. The group that had height- adjustable desk were able to switch working position frequently during the day. There is no significance between those with and without height- adjustable work desks regarding the questions about the self assessed work.ConclusionThe majority of the staff from both the 1177 medical counseling and the health centers had height- adjustable work desks and were using them.KeywordsOccupational sitting, sit-stand work station, sit-stand desk, height- adjustable workstations, muscle fatigue.

  • 50.
    Andersson, Hillevi
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Israelsson, Frida
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Ungdomars upplevelser av att genomgå skolioskirurgi2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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