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  • 1.
    Aalberg, Carmen
    et al.
    Wageningen UR.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Governance patterns and performance of regional strategies in peri-urban areas: comparative analysis of seven cases in Europe and Chine2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report examines how different regional and local governance patterns and specific spatial planning strategies impact on peri-urban land use in Rural Urban regions. It draws from seven regional case studies, presenting a diverse mix of strategies ranging from protecting biodiversity and agricultural land, creating recreation and tourism opportunities to reducing pressure from building and infrastructure development. To study the means of influence or power an analytical framework of ‘policy arrangement’ was employed (Tatenhove et al, 2000): specifying rules of the game, resources, coalitions and discourses. Both government and nongovernment actors such as environmental groups or developers can form coalitions, adopt rules, employ resources and develop discourses to influence policies and developments in urban regions. The analytical and assessment frameworks defined by regional researchers and practitioners helped to organize the case study data and to evaluate both processes and outcomes of governance in peri-urban areas. The outcomes are represented in a summarized way for each strategy and region.

    The report provides examples of unsustainable developments in peri-urban regions and how certain strategies helped to counteract these, and emphasizes the importance of recognizing peri-urban areas as a policy field in its own right.

    A sustainable spread of land use over the Rural Urban region requires regional authorities whose jurisdiction covers the Rural Urban region and who have the appropriate mix of policy means of influence and relative power over lower level authorities. Under the current predominant discourse of ‘sustainable’ development largely being equal to economic development, the outcome of sustainability concerns depends on urban areas taking financial responsibility for the inclusion of common good interests such as ecosystem services, cultural heritage and social and environmental justice into the periurban areas. Recommendations for policy makers at different levels conclude the report.

  • 2. Aalbers, C
    et al.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Governance of peri-urban areas and sustainability: A comparative analysis of thePLUREL case studies’2012In: Peri-urbanfutures: Scenarios and models for land use change in Europe / [ed] K Nilsson, S Pauleit, S Bell, C Aalbers & T.S. Nielsen, Heidelberg: Springer Verlag , 2012, p. 330-356Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Adman, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Bergquist, Ann-Kristin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Unit of Economic History.
    Bonnedahl, Karl Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Eimermann, Marco
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Enlund, Desirée
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Helmersson, Linnea
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Nilsson, Bo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Nordlund, Annika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Simonsson, Märit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Örestig, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    DN Debatt. 171 forskare: ”Vi vuxna bör också klimatprotestera”2019In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, , p. 1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Vuxna bör följa uppmaningen från ungdomarna i Fridays for future-rörelsen och protestera eftersom det politiska ledarskapet är otillräckligt. Omfattande och långvariga påtryckningar från hela samhället behövs för att få de politiskt ansvariga att utöva det ledarskap som klimatkrisen kräver, skriver 171 forskare i samhällsvetenskap och humaniora.

  • 4.
    Adman, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    91 forskare: I dag bör vi alla klimatprotestera: ”Vi vuxna har en skyldighet att engagera oss”2019In: Aftonbladet, ISSN 1103-9000, , p. 1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Runt om världen skolstrejkas det mot att alltför lite görs för att stoppa klimatförändringarna. Hundratusentals ungdomar i över hundra länder har engagerat sig i vad som blivit till en global rörelse.

    I dag planeras för de mest omfattande protesterna hittills.

    Budskapet är det samma som klimatforskarnas, alltså att rådande klimatpolitik och utsläppsnivåer måste läggas om radikalt snarast, annars hotar en global katastrof. Tusentals belgiska och engelska forskare har i öppna brev bekräftat att budskapet stämmer. Därför har alla vi vuxna medborgare en skyldighet att engagera oss. I slutändan krävs politiskt ledarskap. De folkvalda måste axla sitt ansvar, erkänna situationens allvar, diskutera och besluta om nödvändiga policyer och se till att dessa genomförs; det är vår skyldighet som demokratiska medborgare att pressa dem till detta, så länge de inte gör det på eget initiativ.

  • 5.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Danielsson, Marianne
    Uppsala universitet.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Edman, Stefan
    Friman, Eva
    Uppsala universitet.
    Gren, Ing-Marie
    SLU.
    Gustafsson, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet.
    Gustavsson, Sverker
    Uppsala universitet.
    Havnevik, Kjell
    Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
    Holmgren, Pär
    Uppsala universitet.
    Hornborg, Alf
    Lunds universitet.
    Liljenström, Hans
    SLU.
    Lindberg, Carl
    Uppsala universitet.
    Molander, Sverker
    Chalmers.
    Robért, Carl-Henrik
    Blekinge tekniska högskola.
    Rockström, Johan
    Stockholms universitet.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sanne, Christer
    KTH.
    Silveira, Semida
    KTH.
    Svanström, Magdalena
    Chalmers.
    Swain, Ashok
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sörlin, Sverker
    KTH.
    Wijkman, Anders
    Linköpings universitet.
    Bannlys alla politiska beslut som ger mer klimatutsläpp2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Baker, Susan
    et al.
    Cardiff School of Social Sciences/Sustainable Places Institute, Cardiff University.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    A policy analysis perspective on ecological restoration2013In: Ecology and Society, ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 18, no 2, article id 17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a simple stages model of the policy process, we explore the politics of ecological restoration using an array of examples drawn across sector, different size and scale, and from different countries. A policy analysis perspective reveals how, at both the program and project levels, ecological restoration operates within a complex and dynamic interplay between technical decision making, ideologies, and interest politics. Viewed through the stages model, restoration policy involves negotiating nature across stages in the policy making process, including agenda setting, policy formulation, implementation, and evaluation. The stages model is a useful heuristic devise; however, this linear model assumes that policy makers approach the issue rationally. In practice, ecological restoration policy takes place in the context of different distributions of power between the various public and private actors involved at the different stages of restoration policy making. This allows us to reiterate the point that ecological restoration is best seen not only as a technical task but as a social and political project.

  • 7. Baker, Susan
    et al.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Combining old and new governance in pursuit of sustainable development2008In: Pursuit of sustainable development: New governance practices at the sub-national level in Europe, New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group , 2008, p. 208-211Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8. Baker, Susan
    et al.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Comparing Central Government Funding Initiatives in the EU aimed at the Promotion of Sustainable Development2005In: ECPR, Joint Session of Workshops, Workshop 17, Initiating Sustainable Development: Patterns of Sub-National Engagement and their Significance. Granada April 2005, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Baker, Susan
    et al.
    Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales U.K..
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ecological restoration success: a policy analysis understanding2016In: Restoration Ecology, ISSN 1061-2971, E-ISSN 1526-100X, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 284-290Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses how ecological restoration success can be understood and evaluated using a policy analysis lens. First, this article details a conceptual tool that helps to develop a more encompassing set of criteria to assess restoration activities that provide socioeconomic benefits. Second, by broadening the understanding of restoration success and how it can be evaluated, it allows a more critical view of evaluation itself and its uses as a policy tool. A table is presented that can help practitioners reveal preferences and clarify the aims and objectives of particular initiatives. The table also sensitizes practitioners to the complexity of the links between restoration rationales and evaluation criteria, which in turn may open up much needed discussion and dialogue between restoration participants about the underlying values an actor may wish to promote. It heightens awareness of the fact that evaluation methods need to recognize that restoration is driven by multiple rationales often in the same project, both process driven and output oriented, which in turn can change over time. Adding process and output criteria together may also raise issues of priority. Evaluation criteria thus need to be assigned in ways that reflect these multiplicities, while at the same time recognizing that some restoration values might be conflictual and that there may be winners and losers. Furthermore, judgement about "failure" of a project can change as new goals emerge in delivery and implementation. Ecological restoration evaluation should therefore be ongoing, contextual, and not a one-off event.

  • 10. Baker, Susan
    et al.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Economic instruments and the promotion of sustainable development: Governance experiences I key European states2008In: In Pursuit of Sustainable Development: New governance practices at the sub-national level in Europe, Routledge (Taylor & Francis Group) , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Baker, Susan
    et al.
    Cardiff School of the Social Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Governance for sustainable development in Sweden: the experience of the local investment programme2007In: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 325-342Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the role of central government in enhancing local capacity for promoting sustainable development. Building upon a series of evaluation studies, it examines a major central government funding initiative in Sweden, called the Local Investment Programme for Ecological Sustainability (LIP). The Programme formed part of a new governance approach towards the promotion of sustainable development. It was designed to promote both ecological sustainable development and create new 'green jobs', while at the same time stimulating innovative ways of thinking among local actors about the relationship between economy, ecology and society. Substantial material environmental effects were achieved and 'green jobs' created by LIP. However, allocation was skewed towards environmental leader municipalities and LIP was never fully integrated into other sustainable development initiatives. Further, few public/private partnerships were developed. Hence, despite the magnitude of the Programme, we question whether it produced lasting capacity-building effects at the local level.

  • 12. Baker, Susan
    et al.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    In pursuit of sustainable development at the sub-national level: the 'new' governance agenda2008In: In pursuit of sustainable development: New governance practices at the sub-national level in Europe, New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group , 2008, p. 1-26Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13. Baker, Susan
    et al.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sustainable Development within the European Union2012In: Wales' Central Organising Principle: Legislating for Sustainable Development / [ed] Anna Nicholl & John Osmond, IWA -Institute of Welsh Affairs , 2012, p. 62-69Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Baker, Susan
    et al.
    Cardiff University, Storbritannien.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The Role of the State in the Governance of Sustainable Development: subnational practices in European states2014In: State and Environment: The Comparative Study of Environmental Governance / [ed] Andreas Duit, Cambridge MA /London: MIT Press, 2014, p. 179-202Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter investigates the role of the state in the governance of sustainable development at the sub-national, regional and local levels in Europe, including 1) the scope of state involvement, 2) the function of the state in sustainable development policy making. The state is shown to be a key player in initiating and co-ordinating the sustainable development planning processes in the four key themes across European states: (1) multi-level governance; (2) networks and public / private partnerships; (3) participation and (4) the use of marked based instruments.

    The main function of the state in the analyzed policy areas is, on the one hand to act as coordinator between different interests, and on the other to act as stimulator for initiating new policy initiatives. The state both initiates and co-ordinates policy networks and retains a great deal of power over the nature and functioning of network forms of governance. Evidence also points out how the use of new environmental policy tools can strengthen the hand of the state by supporting hierarchical governance. Thus, far from being a simple one, the relationship between market and network governance and the state has been shown to be complex and dense.

  • 15.
    Baker, Susan
    et al.
    Cardiff School of Social Sciences, Cardiff University, Wales, UK.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Zachrisson, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Political science and ecological restoration2014In: Environmental Politics, ISSN 0964-4016, E-ISSN 1743-8934, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 509-524Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ecological restoration has taken on a new significance in the face of climate change and biodiversity loss. Despite its growing policy salience, however, the social and political sciences have paid limited attention to the study of ecological restoration policy and practice. By drawing upon the political science study of multilevel governance, institutions, power elations, and place-based politics, a flavour is given of what a political science engagement might contribute to the rich tapestry of analysis that has already been produced by other disciplines on ecological restoration. As the use of restoration grows, it is increasingly likely that it will give rise to social dispute and be brought into conflict with a variety of environmental, cultural, economic, and community interests. Restoration policy and projects encounter professional and institutional norms as well as place-specific interests and values. There is urgent need to investigate how and in what ways some interests become winners and others losers in these activities, and how this in turn can influence ecological restoration outcomes. A political science lens could help build new criteria for evaluating the success of ecological restoration, ones that combine both process- and product-driven considerations.

  • 16. Benediktsson, Karl
    et al.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Lein, Haakon
    Wanted and Unwanted Nature: Invasive Plants and the Alien-Native Dichotomy2014In: Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0029-1951, E-ISSN 1502-5292, Vol. 68, no 1, p. 59-60Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Miljöpolitik: bilden av Sverige som föregångare i ett komplext politikområde2016In: Svensk politik och EU: hur svensk politik har förändrats av medlemskapet i EU / [ed] Daniel Silander & Mats Öhlén, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2016, 1, p. 79-100Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Zachrisson, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Lokal samverkan i fjällens miljö- och naturresursförvaltning: var, när och hur behovet av lokal samverkan uppstår – samt om lokalt deltagande bidrar till hållbar utveckling i fjällen?2016Report (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Zachrisson, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Lokal samverkan i fjällen: strategier för att minska konflikter inom miljö- och naturresursförvaltning2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20. Bonde, Ingrid
    et al.
    Kuylenstierna, Johan
    Bäckstrand, Karin
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Kåberger, Tomas
    Löfgren, Åsa
    Rummukainen, Markku
    Sörlin, Sverker
    2019: Report of the Swedish Climate Policy Council2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden’s overarching climate target is to reach net-zero emissions of greenhouse gases by 2045, followed by negative emissions. This long-term target is complemented by several interim targets. Those climate targets, the planning and monitoring system regulated under the Swedish Climate Act (2017:720), and the Swedish Climate Policy Council together form Sweden’s climate policy framework.

    The Climate Act took effect on 1 January 2018 after being adopted by a broad majority of the Riksdag (the Swedish Parliament). The mission of the Swedish Climate Policy Council is to determine if the government’s overall design of policies is compatible with the climate targets adopted by the Parliament and the Government. The Council uses a broad approach to evaluate the comprehensive policy, aiming to assess the effect of different policies on greenhouse gas emission trends. From this broad perspective, we examine the comprehensive policy in two dimensions: leadership and governance, and policy instruments.

    We define leadership and governance as policy targets, organisation and work procedures. Policy instruments include all the decisions and actions that directly affect citizens, companies and other stakeholders, including taxes, fees, regulations, public-sector consumption and investments.

    Since 1990, Sweden’s greenhouse gas emissions have decreased by 26%. This reduction mainly took place between 2003 and 2014. Thereafter the rate of reduction slowed, and 2017 was the third consecutive year in which emissions decreased by less than 1%. This rate is far too slow to achieve the climate targets, except for the upcoming 2020 target. The rate of reduction would need to accelerate to between 5% and 8% each year to meet future targets.

    The Swedish Climate Act states that within the framework of the budget bill, each year the Government must report climate policy decisions and actions taken during the previous year. The first climate assessment was presented to the Parliament together with the 2019 Budget Bill. It lacks assessments of how the reported climate policy decisions and actions might affect emissions. The Government recognised that additional actions are needed in several sectors, but did not state when and how decisions on these actions will be taken. The transitional government at the time said this was due to its limited mandate. This raises the stakes for the four-year Climate Action Plan that the Climate Act requires the Government to present in 2019.

    To achieve the long-term target, Sweden must reach the interim targets for 2030 and 2040, which include emissions that are not a part of the EU’s Emissions Trading System (EU ETS). All sectors matter, but reaching the 2030 goal depends heavily on progress in the transport sector, because domestic transport accounts for half of Sweden’s current emissions. In light of this, the Climate Policy Council has chosen to more closely examine policies that affect domestic transport emissions in a thematic section in this year’s report.

    The sectors included in the EU ETS – large-scale industry, civil aviation and power generation – account for almost 40% of Sweden’s greenhouse gas emissions. These sectors are included in the overarching target of net-zero emissions but not in the national interim targets, since the trading system is regulated at the EU level. There is currently no mechanism in place at the EU level to bring emissions covered by the trading system to net-zero in all Member States. Progress on these emissions is not in line with what is required for Sweden to reach its target of net-zero emissions.

    The report presents ten recommendations to the Swedish government: four general and six for transport policy.

  • 21. Bonde, Ingrid
    et al.
    Kuylenstierna, Johan
    Stockholms universitet.
    Bäckstrand, Karin
    Stockholms universitet.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Kåberger, Tomas
    Chalmers.
    Löfgren, Åsa
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Rummukainen, Markku
    Lunds universitet.
    Sörlin, Sverker
    KTH.
    Klimatpolitiska rådets rapport 20192019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Klimatpolitiska rådet bildades den 1 januari 2018 som en del av Sveriges klimatpolitiska ramverk. Ramverket antogs året innan av en mycket bred majoritet i riksdagen.Rådets uppdrag är att utvärdera hur regeringens samlade politik är förenlig med de klimatmål som riksdagen och regeringen har beslutat. Arbetet ska redovisas i en årlig rapport. Denna första granskningsrapport är en genomlysning av den samlade politikens utformning i förhållande till klimatmålen. Den innehåller också våra kommentarer till regeringens första klimatredovisning i 2019 års budgetproposition. Utifrån detta presenterar vi ett antal övergripande observationer och rekommen-dationer. Därutöver har rådet i denna rapport valt att ytterligare fördjupa utvärderingen av politikens påverkan på klimatmålet för inrikes transporter.Klimatpolitiska rådet har fått ett brett och komplext uppdrag. Det finns inga beprövade metoder för att utvärdera hela regeringens politik mot ett långsiktigt mål. Det första årets arbete har delvis handlat om att utveckla arbetssätt och metoder samt att skapa dialog med andra myndigheter och aktörer. Vår ambition är att presentera en rapport som är vetenskapligt grundad och praktiskt användbar för regeringen och riksda-gen. Utifrån det första årets erfarenheter kommer sedan rådets arbete och rapporter att fortsätta utvecklas. Vi vill framföra vårt tack till alla de organisationer, forskare, experter och praktiker som har bidragit till den här rapporten genom att skicka in skriftliga underlag samt delta i seminarier och dialoger skriftliga underlag, seminarier och dialoger. Utöver att ge rekommendationer till regering och riksdag hoppas vi att rapporten ska bidra till en framåtsyftande diskussion mellan alla de aktörer som berörs av Sveriges klimatmål och som behövs för att de ska uppnås.

  • 22. Bonde, Ingrid
    et al.
    Kuylenstierna, Johan
    Stockholms universitet.
    Bäckstrand, Karin
    Stockholms universitet.
    Löfgren, Åsa
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Kåberger, Tomas
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Rummukainen, Markku
    Lunds universitet.
    Sörlin, Sverker
    KTH.
    Det klimatpolitiska ramverket: rapport 20182018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Klimatpolitiska rådet bildades den 1 januari 2018 med uppgift att utvärdera hur regeringens samlade politik är förenlig med de klimatmål som riksdagen och regeringen har beslutat. Detta är rådets första rapport. Här presenteras rådets ledamöter och vårt uppdrag, som en del av Sveriges klimatpolitiska ramverk och dess internationella sammanhang i EU och FN.

    I Paris i december 2015 enades världens länder om ett nytt globalt klimatavtal under klimatkonventionen. Parisavtalet är historiskt då det är det första klimatavtalet som nästan alla världens länder står bakom. Processen bakom avtalet involverade också en lång rad andra viktiga aktörer inom näringsliv, forskning, civilsamhälle, städer och regioner.

    Efter Parisavtalet har ramverken för att hantera klimatproblemet förstärkts även på europeisk och nationell nivå. I juni 2017 beslutade riksdagen om ett klimatpolitiskt ramverk för Sverige med stöd av en mycket bred majoritet av riksdagens partier. Ramverket innehåller tre delar: långsiktiga mål, ett planerings- och uppföljningssystem samt ett klimatpolitiskt råd. Delar av ramverket är reglerat i en klimatlag.

    Det övergripande målet i det klimatpolitiska ramverket är att Sverige senast år 2045 inte har några nettoutsläpp av växthusgaser till atmosfären, för att därefter uppnå negativa utsläpp. Ramverket innehåller även etappmål på vägen mot det långsiktiga målet.

    Som en del av den parlamentariska överenskommelsen och det klimatpolitiska ramverket har regeringen inrättat det Klimatpolitiska rådet. Rådets huvuduppdrag är att ”utvärdera hur regeringens samlade politik är förenlig med de klimatmål som riksdag och regering har beslutat”.

    Uppdraget att granska regeringens samlade politik understryker klimatfrågans breda och tvärsektoriella karaktär. Att nå målen om ett fossilfritt samhälle utan några nettoutsläpp av växthusgaser inom 25 år innebär en omfattande samhällsförändring i ett komplext samspel mellan mängder av olika faktorer, aktörer och drivkrafter. Klimatfrågan spänner därmed också över i princip samtliga vetenskapliga fält. Det klimatpolitiska rådet består av personer med bred tvär- och mångvetenskaplig kompetens inom naturvetenskap, samhällsvetenskap, humaniora och teknikvetenskap. Till sitt förfogande har rådet ett kansli med tre heltidsanställda.

    Under första halvan av 2018 kommer rådet att forma inriktning och planer för arbetet. Klimatpolitiska rådet kommer att koncentrera sitt arbete till hur Sverige ska nå klimatmålen genom utsläppsminskningar och kompletterande åtgärder. Klimatanpassningsfrågor ingår inte i rådets arbetsområde.

    Sverige är inte det första landet som instiftar ett klimatpolitiskt råd. I bland annat Storbritannien, Danmark och Finland finns sedan flera år tillbaka liknande organ. I Sverige bidrar redan många andra myndigheter och organisationer på olika sätt med analys och kunskapsunderlag kring klimatpolitiken. Klimatpolitiska rådet har en unik roll bland myndigheter genom sitt fokus på den samhälleliga klimatomställningen, sitt oberoende och sitt breda mandat att utvärdera regeringens samlade politik.

  • 23.
    Borgström, Sara
    et al.
    Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, SE 10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Zachrisson, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Funding ecological restoration policy in practice: patterns of short-termism and regional biases2016In: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 52, p. 439-453Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With continuous degradation of ecosystems combined with the recognition of human dependence on functioning ecosystems, global interest in ecological restoration (ER) has intensified. From being merely a nature conservation measure, it is today advanced as a way to improve ecosystem functions, mitigate biodiversity loss and climate change, as well as renew human–nature relationships. However, ER is a contested and diversified term used in research, policy and practice. Substantive public funding is allocated towards this end worldwide, but little is known about its concrete purpose and coverage, as well as what decides its allocation. With inspiration from environmental funding literature we analyze the case of Sweden to provide the first national overview of public ER funding. The understudied political context of ER is thus addressed but also regional variation in funding allocation. A database of all national government funding programs between 1995 and 2011 that included projects and sub-programs aiming at practical ER measures was created. Results show that ER activities counted for 11% (130 million USD) of the total government nature conservation funding. Water environments were highly prioritized, which can be explained by economic and recreational motives behind ER. The ER funding was unevenly distributed geographically, not related to either environmental need or population size, but rather to regional administrative capacity. It was also found to be small scale and short term, and hence part of a general trend of "project proliferation" of public administration which runs contrary to ecosystem based management. As ER is not yet a long-term investment in Sweden, commonly seen as an environmental lead state, we expect even less and more short-term ER funding in other countries.

  • 24. Dahlgren, Katrin
    et al.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Gerger Swartling, Åsa
    Lärande i lokala naturvårdsprojekt (LONA)2008Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25.
    Dahlgren, Katrin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Mineur, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Effekter av delaktighet i Lokala naturvårdsprojekt (LONA)2009Report (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Duit, Andreas
    et al.
    Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Galaz, Victor
    Department of Political Science, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ebbesson, Jonas
    Faculty of Law, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Governance, complexity, and resilience2010In: Global Environmental Change, ISSN 0959-3780, E-ISSN 1872-9495, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 363-368Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This special issue brings together prominent scholars to explore novel multilevel governance challenges posed by the behavior of dynamic and complex social-ecological systems. Here we expand and investigate the emerging notion of “resilience” as a perspective for understanding how societies can cope with, and develop from, disturbances and change. As the contributions to the special issue illustrate, resilience thinking in its current form contains substantial normative and conceptual difficulties for the analysis of social systems. However, a resilience approach to governance issues also shows a great deal of promise as it enables a more refined understanding of the dynamics of rapid, interlinked and multiscale change. This potential should not be underestimated as institutions and decision-makers try to deal with converging trends of global interconnectedness and increasing pressure on social-ecological systems.

  • 27.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Enfald och mångfald i naturvården2010In: Biodiverse, ISSN 1401-5064, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 3-4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag börjar de senaste decenniernas sanningar om naturvård ifrågasättas och omprövas. Det är inget nytt fenomen, utan naturvården har tagit vindlande vägar ända sedan 1800-talet.

  • 28.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Environmental protection in Swedish forestry: a study of the implementation process1987Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    According to the Swedish Forestry Act, environmental protection is required within forest operations regardless of forest ownership. This thesis examines the extent to which regulations issued by the National Board of Forestry are implemented in clearcuttings. Different factors contributing to the outcome of environmental protection are analyzed both from a top-down and a bottom-up perspec­tive. Empirically, the study combines field investigation of clearcuts, interviews with implementing actors, and evaluation of written prescriptions and advice on environ­mental protection. The Swedish forest-environmental legislation and implementation process is also compared to that of the U.S. and, especially, to the state of Cali­fornia .

    Conflicting goals within the Forestry Act and vague environmental guidelines leave the implementing agency officers with great discretion. Steering attempts by the Forestry Agency are in terms of friendly advice and information. No breaches of the regulations were taken to court during 1980-1986 although this is formally possible.

    There is an average compliance of approximately fifty per cent of the required environmental measures. Aesthetic values are taken into account to a greater extent than pure floristic and faunistic ones. Economic considerations and harvest technology contribute to a low degree of environmental protection. Forest machines are inadequately suited for protecting single, environmentally valuable trees and they frequently cause deep tracks.

    Inadequate environmental knowledge and insufficient pre-harvest environmental planning also affect environ­mental performance negatively. Generally, economic considerations contribute to the low priority to environ­mental protection given by the implementing actors compared to timber production. Economic inducements counteract environmental protection.

    It is generally rare that environmentalists and other public interests affected by forest operations are consulted. Environmentalists however influence indirectly through political pressure to legislate, participation in the consultation process before legislation is enacted, and mass-media attention.

  • 29.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Future Forest Governance: Multiple Challenges, Diverging Responses2015In: Forest Futures: Rethinking Global Trends – Implications for boreal regions / [ed] Westholm, E., Beland Lindahl, K. och F. Kraxner, Springer, 2015, p. 83-97Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter analyzes the implications of current global trends in forest governance, with increased complexity leading to the emergence of new conflicts over common-good values between various interests, and the emergence of new policy instruments and alliances. Still however, with such multilevel and policycentric policy-making developing in parallel with growing neoliberal economic agendas worldwide, the degree of sustainable management outcomes in forest governance remains highly dependent on strong states and leadership not least through the European Union to ensure civil-society accountability and counteract asymmetric power relationships.

  • 30.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Local participation and learning in nature protection: A Swedish success story2012In: Democracy, governance and sustainable development: Moving beyond the impasse / [ed] James Meadowcroft, Oluf Langhelle, Audun Ruud, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012, p. 55-74Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Nationell och lokal klimatpolitik: låsning eller lösning?2010In: Sverige i nytt klimat - våtvarm utmaning / [ed] Birgitta Johansson, Stockholm: Formas , 2010, p. 377-388Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Nordic Environmental Policy in Perspective2008Report (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Science and Politics of Foreign Aid: Swedish Environmental Support to the Baltic States2004In: Political Studies ReviewArticle, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 34.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Tillväxt när miljön är med2006Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 35.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Vad kan ett naturvetenskaplig perspektiv bidra med i studiet av miljöpolitik?: Om samarbete och konkurrens i miljöforskningen2010In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 112, no 5, p. 269-279Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Vägen vi vandrat2004Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 37.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Baker, Susan
    Marell, A
    Dahlgren, Katrin
    Morley, A
    Wahlström, N
    Understanding LIP in Context: Central Government, Business and Comparative Perspectives2005Report (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Learning through on-going evaluation of EIP-Agri in Sweden2017In: Proceedings of the XXVII Congress. Uneven processes of Rural Change: On Diversity, Knowledge and Justice / [ed] Kristina Svels, Krakow, 2017, p. 186-188Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Miljand, Matilda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Mancheva, Irina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Tio års erfarenheter med LONA – lokala naturvårdssatsningen: Intresse, deltagande och lärande inom naturvård och friluftsliv2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Local Nature Conservation Programme (LONA) was initiated by the Swedish government in 2004 and has now been ongoing more than ten years. The great majority of Swedish municipalities have applied for and received funding for LONA projects. A total of 300 MSEK was allocated to 1 530 projects in 260 municipalities plus at least as much in local funding. After a short break, LONA was taken up again in 2010-2016 with 237 MSEK national funding to 1 524 projects (4 505 measures) in 260 municipalities.

    LONA is the largest national investment to achieve greater participation and increased local engagement with nature conservation and recreation, and fulfils the intention of international agreements such as the Convention of Biological Diversity and ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability 2010. LONA’s main objective, to involve a greater range of local actors in conservation efforts, is fulfilled since more than half of the municipalities have done so in their LONA projects. The overall aim with this study is to evaluate more specifically in what ways and how LONA has contributed to local responsibility for nature conservation and recreation measures. The study takes departure in previous commissioned studies by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (reports 5923, 6392, 5605, 6397 and 5811, see references). The results below build on a survey sent out in autumn 2016 to all 290 municipalities (191 responded) and 21 county administrations (20 responded), plus in-depth interviews with key informants from three county administrations, six municipalities and two nongovernmental organisations engaged in LONA. Some interviews were also made in mountain municipalities.

    The specific measures carried in the LONA projects connect to most of the Swedish Environmental Quality Objectives, dominated by ‘A Rich Diversity of Plant and Animal Life’ and ‘A Good Built Environment’. Most measures are relatively minor, with a typical median budget of about 56.000 SEK including the 50% own contribution. About one third of the projects involve non-governmental organisations, which has been made possible since voluntary work is accounted for in the budget as own contribution. The size of the LONA projects as well as the share of voluntary organizations involved has been rather stable over the years.

    The majority of LONA projects concern various types of inventories, information dissemination and knowledge production, while about one third are about ecological restoration, conservation and management. During the 2010-2016 period, which this study focuses on – and despite the growing policy attention to social, cultural and recreational values – the share of measures geared towards nature conservation values has increased. Measures to protect cultural values and set aside nature areas are only a small share. More than half of the LONA projects are located in the urban fringe, which is in line with the government’s ambitions, but even smaller municipalities in rural areas have acquired substantial LONA funding. The majority of LONA projects are led by a municipality, while the remainder are led in cooperation between a municipality and a local organisation and fewer by such an organisation alone. There is very little variation in the nature of LONA projects depending on leadership. Even if all counties have municipalities with LONA projects, three of them are the most active: Skåne in the south, Västra Götaland in the south-west, and Stockholm County.

    The funding LONA provides is very much appreciated among the municipalities. Eight out of ten municipalities say that the LONA aims are fully in line with the local needs for nature conservation, and seven out of ten claim that this is the case for recreation needs. Many of the large municipalities think that while LONA is a welcome contribution, it is still not a requirement for the municipality’s work for nature conservation and recreation. However, in many small-size municipalities the LONA funding is essential. The allocation of funding from LONA is also larger per inhabitant in small-size municipalities compared to large-size, which reflects such needs.

    In the majority of municipalities, LONA funding makes up an important share of the local budget for nature protection, while it is somewhat lower for recreational purposes. Interestingly, LONA has particularly supported measures for nature protection and recreation in those municipalities with an assigned municipal ecologist, suggesting that when they exist, they have a facilitating role. The LONA funding allows for the same project to benefit from other funding as well, such as EU Life and the Rural Development Programme, as long as specific measures are funded separately. This possibility creates an added value of the LONA programme. The simplicity of the application procedure in LONA compared to EU funding is stressed as an advantage by the majority of municipalities.

    The results show that LONA has led to increased and widened participation by local actors in nature protection and recreation. At the same time, the nature of such participation differs depending on the municipality size. Small-size municipalities with less resources tend to more often include external actors in the LONA projects, while large-size municipalities can mobilise the necessary resources themselves. Some of the latter municipalities therefore choose not to involve external actors. Our results further suggest that the involvement of non-governmental organisations seems to depend rather on different modes of working than on the requirements of the LONA regulation. Still, the regulation has restricted the involvement of private companies due to remaining question marks over how profit-making companies may lead and implement LONA projects.

    Municipally employed ecologists, particularly in large-size municipalities, provide the most leadership in the LONA work, followed by other municipal officers and environment- and recreation-oriented non-governmental organisations. Nongovernmental organisations tend to initiate and engage in the work to a greater extent in small-size municipalities. There are already established networks within the field of nature conservancy, while, according to the respondents, new networks for the initiation and implementation of LONA projects are created in the field of recreation. The importance of coordination between municipalities through the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions is emphasised by several municipalities in this respect. A general trend is that such coordination and exchange of experiences has increased over time. The municipalities’ contacts with various local networks have also amplified.

    The perceived need for protecting more areas in urban environments continues to be high, and LONA is seen as an important tool for long-term investment in the protection of nature and recreation values. LONA is regarded as especially important for recreation since there are alternative forms of support in nature conservation at the national level. The small-size municipalities are particularly dependent on LONA in their attempts to safeguard nature protection and recreation values. Many new areas have become accessible for local citizens thanks to LONA, some of which have become popular sites for nature studies, recreation and leisure. Media attention has helped increase their popularity, and assisted in giving high priority to these issues on the municipal political agenda.

    LONA has led to learning among local actors, particularly with regard to nature conservation issues. Information gathered through LONA has spurred the development of plans for nature conservation and recreation in many municipalities, which on its part supports long-term thinking. Further, LONA has contributed to the initiation of Nature Schools and pedagogic tools for learning about nature in many pre-schools, which helps children in their understanding of and respect for nature. The effects of LONA in a long-term perspective is still, however, somewhat complex. For example, it appears that the local interest in establishing new protected areas has not generally increased, and only one-third of the municipalities claim that accessibility in existing protected areas has increased as a result of LONA. Likewise, in particularly small-size municipalities with limited resources, there is a risk that continued long-term management of nature protection and recreation does not materialize. One should keep in mind that most LONA projects are rather modest in size and that support from the LONA programme cannot solve all issues of municipal priority-setting.

    At the same time, the results both from the survey and interviews suggest that LONA has generally had a positive effect on the interest for nature protection and recreation among local politicians and, even more so, among local citizens. This has in turn led to increased local resources for nature protection, albeit somewhat less so for recreation values. The growing attention given to these values has also led to better integration of nature protection and recreation in the municipalities’ spatial planning. In addition, the use of nature areas in the urban vicinity has increased due to more local investments in projects connected to learning. Finally, LONA has stimulated projects and measures targeting ‘new Swedes’ – and even if still only a minority of municipalities have used LONA for this purpose, there is great likelihood that more municipalities will do so in the near future.

    The policy statements in LONA highly emphasize learning, knowledge development and knowledge exchange. The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and the county administrations have contributed to those goals by various information gathering and communication efforts, including mentoring and networking. Our evaluation of how those methods have worked in practice shows that the respondents greatly appreciate the support given, and that the municipalities have been able to access a wealth of information about previous LONA projects, best cases, relevant expertise and arenas for knowledge exchange. The different methods for mentoring are complementary, with different target groups. On the whole, both the county administration officers responsible for LONA and the municipal LONA officers are satisfied with the ways in which the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency has implemented these different methods. They also believe that the methods have been supportive in creating increased participation, local understanding and knowledge for what LONA can and should achieve, and hence that LONA should be considered a success.

  • 40.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Zachrisson, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Incentives for collaborative governance: top-down and bottom-up initiatives in the Swedish mountain region2015In: Mountain Research and Development Journal, ISSN 0276-4741, E-ISSN 1994-7151, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 289-298Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Governance collaborations between public and private partners are increasingly used to promote sustainable mountain development, yet information is limited on their nature and precise extent. This article analyzes collaboration on environment and natural resource management in Swedish mountain communities to critically assess the kinds of issues these efforts address, how they evolve, who leads them, and what functional patterns they exhibit based on Margerum's (2008) typology of action, organizational, and policy collaboration. Based on official documents, interviews, and the records of 245 collaborative projects, we explore the role of the state, how perceptions of policy failure may inspire collaboration, and the opportunities that European Union funds have created. Bottom-up collaborations, most of which are relatively recent, usually have an action and sometimes an organizational function. Top-down collaborations, however, are usually organizational or policy oriented. Our findings suggest that top-down and bottom-up collaborations are complementary in situations with considerable conflict over time and where public policies have partly failed, such as for nature protection and reindeer grazing. In less contested areas, such as rural development, improving tracks and access, recreation, and fishing, there is more bottom-up, action-oriented collaboration. State support, especially in the form of funding, is central to explaining the emergence of bottom-up action collaboration. Our findings show that the state both initiates and coordinates policy networks and retains a great deal of power over the nature and functioning of collaborative governance. A practical consequence is that there is great overlap—aggravated by sectorized approaches—that creates a heavy workload for some regional partners.

  • 41.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Buizer, Marleen
    Fires, forests and conflict in times of rapid environmental change in Sweden and Australia2014In: International forestry review, ISSN 1465-5489, E-ISSN 2053-7778, Vol. 16, no 5, p. 53-Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental problems seem to be increasingly complex, hard to solve by instrumental rationality, and laden with conflict when they demand human interventions in nature. The use of fire is one such contested intervention. This paper examines the role of conflict and deliberation in forest fire management practices in Sweden and Australia whose landscapes have historically been shaped by fire. In Sweden, burning is gradually emerging on foresters' and nature conservationists' agendas for nature conservation purposes. In Australia, prescribed burning has been practiced on a relatively broad scale, chiefly to prevent larger fires and also for nature conservation purposes. Touching on a wide range of values, including biological diversity, human safety, traditional heritage and professional identity, fire management is often the topic of fierce debate. Contemporary politics places high expectations on collaborative governance, drawing attention to the twin concepts of conflict management and deliberation. How does collaborative governance manifest itself relating to fire management? And what are its chances considering the Swedish and Australian contexts with their strong reliance on technical scientific expertise? We conclude that forms of local, collaborative governance in which confl icts and difference have a place, rather than generalized knowledge, are promising but rare processes to move forward.

  • 42.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Buizer, Marleen
    Land Use Planning Group, Wageningen University, The Netherlands.
    Promises and dilemmas in forest fire management decision-making: exploring conditions for community engagement in Australia and Sweden2017In: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 80, p. 133-140Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Prescribed burning, to prevent larger fires or to encourage ecological restoration, is a highly contested practice, raising both complex practical questions relating to safety and techniques, and deep philosophical questions about the relationship between people and nature. Previous research either analyses conflict in forest fire management, or argues for social learning but does not discuss how this might happen. We explore what community engagement in fire management might contribute, and how policy conditions enable or constrain deliberative practices in fire management in two very different countries, Sweden and Australia. In Sweden, burning is gradually emerging on foresters' and nature conservationists' agendas, whereas in Australia, prescribed burning has been practiced and debated on a relatively broad scale for some time. Both countries rely much on technical expertise, while merging this with local knowledge in transformative processes in which conflicts and difference have a place could enhance the quality of the debates.

  • 43.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Dahlgren, Katrin
    Erfarenheter av lokala naturvårdsbidrag (LONA) i processperspektiv2006Report (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Dahlgren, Katrin
    Project or Process?: Fifteen years' experience with Local Agenda 21 in Sweden2007In: Desarrollo sostenibilie y Agenda 21 Local, Economiaz: Revista Vasca de Economia, no 64, p. 124-141Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Dahlgren, Katrin
    ¿Proyecto o proceso?: Quince años de experiencia de la Agenda 21 Local en Suecia2007In: Ekonomiaz 64 - Desarrollo sostenible y Agenda 21 Local, p. 130-149Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Dahlgren, Katrin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Status för Lokal Agenda 21: en enkätundersökning 20042005Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 47.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ersson, Svante
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Bergman, Torbjörn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Statsvetenskapen i Umeå håller måttet också internationellt2005In: Västerbottens-Kuriren 10/3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 48.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Friman, Eva
    Uppsala universitet.
    Gren, Ing-Mari
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Gustafsson, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet.
    Havnevik, Kjell
    Afrikainstitutet.
    Holmgren, Pär
    Uppsala universitet.
    Hornborg, Alf
    Lunds universitet.
    Holmgren, Karin
    Stockholms universitet.
    Ihse, Margareta
    Stockholms universitet.
    Liljenström, Hans
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Molander, Sverker
    Chalmers.
    Olsson, lennart
    Lunds universitet.
    Robèrt, Karl-Henrik
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sanne, Christer
    KTH.
    Silveira, Semida
    KTH.
    Svanström, Magdalena
    Chalmers.
    Ashok, Swain
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sörlin, Sverker
    KTH.
    Varför brister politikerna när det gäller miljömålen?2012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 49.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Hosli, Madeleine
    University of Leiden.
    Aalberts, Tanja
    Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
    Bartolini, Stefano
    The European University Institute .
    Palan, Ronen
    City University of London.
    Aart Scholte, Jan
    University of Gothenburg.
    Skaaning, Svend-Erik
    Aarhus University.
    Stoker, Gerry
    University of Southampton.
    Winter, Søren
    The Danish National Centre for Social Research.
    Evaluation of the Social Sciences in Norway: Report from Panel 3 – Political Science2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Panel 3 evaluated 53 units in all, 22 institutional units and 31 research groups. The evaluation included university departments of political science, political scientists working in interdisciplinary units at universities and university colleges, and political scientists working at interdisciplinary research institutes.

    Broadly speaking, Norwegian Political Science is doing well. Our assessments of the scientific output across institutes and research groups show that the impact varies between fair and excellent, even though we underline the limitations of such an oversimplified classification scheme. The panel observes variation in the scientific quality impact of institutions, especially within the Oslo region compared with most other parts of Norway. The majority of subdisciplines are well covered. A substantial number of studies focus on conflict, peace and policy studies (food, climate, energy etc.). Much of the research focuses on Norway and is directly relevant to Norwegian society. Some of the work makes significant theoretical contributions, but most of it mainly offers a strong empirical dimension.

    However, some areas receive relatively little attention, such as classical and modern political theory, political economy and political history. The range of comparative work could also be broader. Given the available human capital, funding and other resources, the panel finds that Political Science in Norway is not realising its full potential. There is a tendency – at both the research institutes and universities – to rely too much on policy-oriented research funding, which might be an obstacle to pursuing more innovative and ground-breaking conceptual work. Likewise, the recruitment of a new generation of political scientists in the form of PhD students and postdocs is largely driven by project funding, thereby limiting their scope to develop their own topics or ideas. A few institutions have accessed international (mainly EU) funding, but the many smaller units lack the scale and resources required to compete for such funds. These researchers would do well to develop (counter-) strategies that enable them to participate in larger projects, including H2020 proposals. Diversification of funding is a general recommendation for the majority of evaluated units.

    The panel’s assessment of research groups revealed considerable variation between the institutes with regard to their purpose and ‘social life’. The panel considers a constructive and enabling research environment to be the most valuable function of a research group, while at the same time ensuring that individual researchers have autonomy to develop their own research agendas. The panel notes that many of the high-scoring research groups have a good support structure within their departments or institutions, whereas some of the weaker ones lack such support. Joint activities aimed at raising scientific quality, such as regular work-in-progress seminars, article or book manuscript review sessions, mock research grant interviews, staff retreats, and (international) guest speakers, are ways of going forward. More could also be done to target high-profile international journals and publishers, while maintaining a broader perspective on modes of scientific output beyond peer-reviewed articles.

    In light of the considerable organisational fragmentation of Political Science in Norway, and corresponding problems of scale, more collaboration across institutions within the country is generally desirable. Researcher mobility within Norway and internationally could also be expanded. This could to help to bring political science environments closer together, both in their research and in PhD and postdoc training, thereby strengthening Political Science as a discipline.

  • 50.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Joas, M
    Multi-level Environmental Governance: concept under stress?2004In: Local Environment: Special issue, Vol. 9, no 5, p. 405-412Article in journal (Refereed)
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