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  • 1.
    Abdullatif, Zina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Sjuksköterskors bidrag till farmakovigilans arbete i Sverige En retrospektiv analys av alla sjuksköterskors biverkningsrapporter år 2015: En retrospektiv analys av alla sjuksköterskors biverkningsrapporter år 20152016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2.
    Abed, Shahla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Pharmacology.
    Is adiponectin secreted via caveolae?: The importance of caveolae for stimulated adiponectin secretion in obesity2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3.
    Abed, Shahla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Läkemedel mot Bcl-2 överuttryckande resistenta Prostatatumörer: Läkemedel mot Bcl-2 överuttryckande resistenta Prostatatumörer2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4.
    Aden, Hassan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Pharmacology.
    Apotekssystem i Kanada och Storbritannienrelaterat till Sveriges utveckling i enomreglerad apoteksmarknad2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5.
    Ader, Ulla
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychotherapy.
    Lundblad Danielsson, Inga
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychotherapy.
    Att lyssna till tonårsröster: Psykisk hälsa hos ungdomar med funktionsnedsättning2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med fördjupningsarbetet har varit att via en pilotstudie öka kunskapen om ungdomar med funktionsnedsättning i Umeå, med avseende på psykisk hälsa, och på hur de upplever sin vardag i skolan, med kamrater och i familjen. Psykisk hälsa undersöktes genom att ungdomar med funktionsnedsättning som går i specialklasser (grundsärskolans högstadium, högstadium för ungdomar med Asperger, högstadium för ungdomar med rörelsenedsättningar), fick besvara en enkät under skoltid. För att kunna relatera till den undersökning som Statens Folkhälsoinstitut genomförde hos ungdomar i Sverige 2009 har samma enkät använts.

     

    Resultatet visar att de flesta ungdomar har angett att de mår bra, trivs i skolan, har bra kontakt med sina lärare och med sina föräldrar. Majoriteten mår lika bra som de flesta ungdomar i landet och t.om bättre än de ungdomar i Folkhälsoinstitutets undersökning, som angett att de hade någon funktionsnedsättning.

     

    Inom några områden visades dock lägre resultat. Ungdomarna i vår undersökning uppgav att deras svårigheter påverkade deras vardag i familjen och vid fritidsaktiviteter. De umgås mer sällan med kamrater, motionerar mindre och har färre fritidsaktiviteter. Ungdomar med Asperger skiljer ut sig mest i vår undersökning, de är mindre nöjda med livet och med sig själva, känner sig mer ensamma,  umgås mer sällan med kamrater och har mindre kul, jämfört med ungdomar i grundsärskolan.

     

    Det finns områden där stödet ifrån Barn- och ungdomshabiliteringen kan förbättras, som att utveckla metoder för socialt samspel och stärka ungdomarnas identitet och i samarbete med andra aktörer öka delaktigheten till en mer aktiv fritid.

  • 6.
    Agharbi, Mariam
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Hva ønsker den norske kunden seg av helsetjenester i apotek?: Kartlegging og utforming av blodtrykksmåling som en etterspurt helsetjeneste i norske apotek.2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 7.
    Aghester, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Hyperspektral bildanalys av pulverblandningar innehållande mannitol och natriumsalicylat: Effekt av partikelstorlek och blandningstid2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8.
    Ahlm, Kristin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Forensic Medicine.
    Traffic and drowning incidents with emphasis on the presence of alcohol and drugs2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Worldwide, fatal traffic injuries and drowning deaths are important problems. The aim of this thesis was to investigate the cirumstances of fatal and non-fatal traffic injuries and drowning deaths in Sweden including analysis of the presence of alcohol and drugs, which are considered to be major risk factors for these events. Data where obtained from the database of National Board of Forensic Medicine.

    In the first study, we investigated 420 passenger deaths from 372 crashes during 1993-1996. There were 594 drivers involved. In total, 21% of the drivers at fault were alcohol positive compared to 2% of drivers not at fault (p<0.001) (Paper I). During 2004-2007, crashes involving 56 fatally and 144 non-fatally injured drivers were investigated in a prospective study from Northern Sweden (Paper II). The drivers were alcohol positive in 38% and 21%, respectively. Psychoactive drugs were found in 7% and 13%, respectively. Benzodiazepines, opiates and antidepressants were the most frequent drugs found in drivers. Illict drugs were found 9% and 4% respectively, with tetrahydrocannabinol being the most frequent of these drugs (Paper II).

    We investigated 5,125 drowning deaths in Sweden during 1992-2009 (Paper III). The incidence decreased on average by about 2% each year (p<0.001). Unintentional drowning was most common (50%). Alcohol was found in 44% of unintentional, 24% of intentional, and 45% of undetermined drowning deaths. Psychoactive substances were detected in 40% and benzodiazepines were the most common substance. Illicit drugs were detected in 10%. Of all drowning deaths, a significantly higher proportion females commited suicide compared with males (55% vs. 21%, p<0.001). Suicidal drowning deaths (n=129) in Northern Sweden were studied further in detail (Paper IV). of these, 53% had been hospitalized due to a psychiatric diagnosis within five years prior to the suicide. Affective and psychotic disorders were the most common psychiatric diagnoses. Almost one third had performed a previous suicide attempt. One fourth had committed suicide after less than one week of discharge from hospital. Alochol was found in 16% and psychoactive drugs in 62% of these cases, respectively. 

    In conclusion, alcohol and psychoactive drugs are commonly detected among injured drivers and drowning victims, and probably play a role in these events. Most of the individuals that tested positive for alcohol and high blood concentrations, indicating alochol dependence or abuse. This association warrants futher attention when planning future prevention. 

  • 9.
    Ahlm, Kristin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Forensic Medicine.
    Björnstig, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Öström, Mats
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Alcohol and drugs in fatally and non-fatally injured motor vehicle drivers in northern Sweden2009In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 129-136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Alcohol and drugs are important risk factors for traffic injuries, a major health problem worldwide. This prospective study investigated the epidemiology and the presence of alcohol and drugs in fatally and hospitalized non-fatally injured drivers of motor vehicles in northern Sweden. During a 2-year study period, blood from fatally and hospitalized non-fatally injured drivers was tested for alcohol and drugs. The study subjects were recruited from well-defined geographical areas with known demographics. Autopsy reports, medical journals, police reports, and toxicological analyses were evaluated. Of the fatally injured, 38% tested positive for alcohol and of the non-fatally 21% tested positive; 7% and 13%, respectively, tested positive for pharmaceuticals with a warning for impaired driving; 9% and 4%, respectively, tested positive for illicit drugs. The most frequently detected pharmaceuticals were benzodiazepines, opiates, and antidepressants. Tetrahydrocannabinol was the most frequently detected illicit substance. No fatally injured women had illegal blood alcohol concentration. The relative proportion of positively tested drivers has increased and was higher than in a similar study 14 years earlier. This finding indicates that alcohol and drugs merit more attention in future traffic safety work.

  • 10.
    Ahlm, Kristin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Forensic Medicine.
    Eriksson, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Forensic Medicine.
    Blood loss in exsanguination deaths2011In: Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, ISSN 0973-9122, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 5-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Deaths by exsanguination among various underlying causes of death were analyzed in order to expand the knowledge on the relation of extravasated blood volume to other documented parameters.

    A consecutive series of 193 cases of ruptured thoracic aortic aneurysm (n=13), gunshot wounds (n=63), stab wounds (n=28), rib fractures (n=5), and blunt injury to thoracic aorta (n=84) were investigated.

    The amount of internal bleeding into pleural cavities only varied greatly (200-3,400 ml) with a mean value of 1,174 ml, slightly higher among males. Age, body weight, cause and manner of death, external bleeding, alcohol inebriation, multiplicity of injuries, and degree of coronary heart disease did not significantly affect the amount of internal (pleural) bleeding. Also, post-mortem delay to autopsy did not correlated to the amount of extravasated blood, indicating that post-mortem bleeding is of no importance in these days.

     

  • 11.
    Ahlm, Kristin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Forensic Medicine.
    Eriksson, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Forensic Medicine.
    Driver's alcohol and passenger's death in motor vehicle crashes2006In: Traffic Injury Prevention, ISSN 1538-9588, E-ISSN 1538-957X, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 219-223Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: Previous studies on alcohol involvement associated with fatal injury in traffic crashes have focused on the drivers, but the passenger's view is not well known. This study (1) analyzes the relationship between passenger's death and alcohol inebriation of the driver and (2) estimates the role of alcohol as the cause of a crash by examining who was at fault, sober, or inebriated.

    METHOD: The study includes all motor vehicle passengers (n = 420) who died in crashes in Sweden 1993 through 1996 and were medicolegally autopsied. Autopsy reports from the Departments of Forensic Medicine, including toxicological analyses, and police reports were studied. Presence of alcohol among drivers was based on blood and breath tests.

    RESULTS: One-fifth of the fatally injured passengers and one-fifth of the tested drivers were under the influence of alcohol. The youngest drivers had the highest prevalence of drunken driving. Drivers at fault were alcohol positive in 21% of these crashes and drivers were not at fault in 2% of these crashes. In 53% of the crashes where both the passenger and driver were alcohol positive, the passenger had a lower alcohol concentration than the driver. Children (<16 years) comprised 15% of the killed passengers. Notably, the children were riding with a driver who was under influence of alcohol in 13% of these crashes. Alcohol involvement was not tested in half of the surviving drivers.

    CONCLUSIONS: The data show that 20% of both passengers and drivers were under the influence of alcohol. Increased testing of surviving drivers regarding alcohol and other drugs is recommended.

  • 12.
    Ahlm, Kristin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Forensic Medicine.
    Hassler, Sven
    Sjölander, Per
    Eriksson, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Forensic Medicine.
    Unnatural deaths in reindeer-herding Sami families in Sweden, 1961-20012010In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 69, no 2, p. 129-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: Unnatural deaths among Indigenous populations, including the Swedish Sami, occur more often than among the general population. To find prevention strategies, we explored the circumstances of the unnatural deaths of members of reindeer-herding Sami families.

    STUDY DESIGN: The number of deaths from among a cohort of 7,482 members of reindeer-herding Sami families were retrieved from the National Board of Health and Welfare for the years 1961- 2001.

    METHODS: An evaluation of the information from autopsy records at the National Board of Forensic Medicine, police reports, and available medical records identified 158 unnatural deaths. These were then analysed in detail.

    RESULTS: Transport-related deaths and suicides were the most common unnatural deaths among Swedish reindeer-herding Sami family members. Suicides contributed to 23% of all deaths, road traffic accidents to 16%, and snowmobile fatalities to 11%. The accidents generally reflected an "outdoor lifestyle" and the working conditions were characterized by the use of off-road vehicles such as snowmobiles. Half of the number of victims tested positive for alcohol and alcohol abuse was documented in 15% of all victims.

    CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that alcohol is an important factor in preventing unnatural deaths among reindeer-herding Sami, together with increased safety of both on-road and off-road transportation.

  • 13.
    Ahlm, Kristin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Forensic Medicine.
    Lindqvist, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Clinical Physiology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.
    Saveman, Britt-inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Björnstig, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Suicidal drowning deaths in Northern Sweden 1992-2009Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Ahlm, Kristin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Forensic Medicine.
    Lindqvist, Per
    Division of Social and Forensic Psychiatry, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Saveman, Britt-inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Björnstig, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Suicidal drowning deaths in northern Sweden 1992-2009: the role of mental disorder and intoxication2015In: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, ISSN 1752-928X, E-ISSN 1878-7487, Vol. 34, p. 168-172Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Suicides by drowning have received limited attention by researchers. A recent finding that almost onethird of all drowning deaths in Sweden were classified as suicide instigated this study. We identified 129 cases of suicide by drowning in Northern Sweden and analyzed the circumstances and the psychiatric history prior to the suicide. Information was obtained from autopsy, police and medical records, as well as from the National Inpatient Register. One-third of the suicide victims had previously attempted suicide and half of the victims had been hospitalized due to mental health problems. One-third of these had left the hospital less than one week before the suicide. Alcohol and psychoactive drugs were present in 16% and 62% of the cases, respectively. A history of mental disorder and previous suicide attempt (s), especially by drowning, is an ominous combination necessitating efficient clinical identification, treatment and follow-up if a complete suicide is to be prevented.

  • 15.
    Ahlm, Kristin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Forensic Medicine.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Björnstig, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Drowning deaths in Sweden with emphasis on the presence of alcohol and drugs: a retrospective study, 1992-20092013In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 13, p. 216-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Drowning deaths constitute a significant proportion of unnatural deaths globally. In Sweden and other high-income countries, drowning deaths have decreased. This study investigates the epidemiology and current trends of unintentional, intentional, and undetermined drowning deaths with emphasis on the presence of alcohol and other drugs.

    Methods: During an 18-years period, 5,125 drowning deaths were autopsied in Sweden. Data on cases including toxicological analysis on alcohol, pharmaceutical drugs, and illicit drugs were obtained from the National Board of Forensic Medicine.

    Results: During the study period, the annual incidence of drowning deaths in Sweden was 3.1/100,000 inhabitants and decreased on average by about 2% each year (p<0.001). The highest incidence was found among males and in middle/older age groups. The incidence increased 3% for each year of age. Children/adolescents (<= 18 years) constituted 5% of all drowning deaths. Of all drowned females in the study, 55% (847/1,547) committed suicide, which was a significantly higher proportion compared with males (21%, 763/3,578) (p<0.001). In total, 38% (1,656/4,377) of tested drowned persons had alcohol in their blood and the mean concentration was 1.8 g/l. In the unintentional drowning group, intentional drowning group, and the undetermined group, the proportion of alcohol positive was 44%, 24%, and 45%, respectively. One or several psychoactive drugs were present in the blood in 40% (1,688/4,181) of all tested persons and in 69% (965/1,394) of tested persons who died from suicidal drowning. The most common drug was benzodiazepines (21%, 891/4,181). Illicit drugs were detected in 10% (82/854) of tested persons.

    Conclusion: Presence of alcohol and drugs were frequent and may have contributed to the drowning deaths. The incidence of drowning deaths significantly decreased during the study period. Males and the middle/older age groups had a higher incidence compared to females and children. Suicidal drowning was common especially among women. Alcohol and drugs are significant contributors in drowning deaths in Sweden and should be considered as part of a comprehensive prevention program.

  • 16. Ahlqvist, Jan
    et al.
    Eliasson, S
    Welander, Ulf
    The cephalometric projection. Part II. Principles of image distortion in cephalography.1983In: Dento-Maxillo-Facial Radiology, ISSN 0250-832X, E-ISSN 1476-542X, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 101-8Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Ahlqvist, Jan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
    Isberg, Annika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
    Validity of computed tomography in imaging thin walls of the temporal bone1999In: Dento-Maxillo-Facial Radiology, ISSN 0250-832X, E-ISSN 1476-542X, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 13-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the validity of computed tomography (CT) for reproduction of the bone margins of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ).

    METHODS: Seven TMJ specimens were examined with a CT and then cryosectioned. The bone separating the TMJ from the middle cranial fossa, middle ear and external auditory canal was measured as the full width at half maximum (FWHM). Measurements were compared with the true thickness of the bone wall.

    RESULTS: There was good agreement when the bone walls were thicker than 1 mm: accuracy was influenced only by the angle of the bone wall to the scanning plane. Conversely, bone walls thinner than 1 mm were reproduced with a magnification that increased with decreasing bone thickness. The difference increased further as the inclination of the bone wall became greater.

    CONCLUSION: Measurements performed at FWHM are reliable within +/- 10% for bone walls more than approximately 1 mm thick which form an angle of less than 35 degrees to the perpendicular of the scanning plane. For bone walls thinner than 1 mm and for those thicker than 1 mm with an inclination exceeding approximately 35 degrees, partial volume effects result in a progressively increasing magnification of bone thickness.

  • 18.
    Ahmad, Bayar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Apotekverksamhetens regler i Holland: – skillnader och likheter mellan Sverige och Holland2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 19.
    Ahmad, Bayar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Apotekverksamhetens regler i Holland – skillnader och likheter mellan Sverige och Holland2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 20.
    Ahmad, Raghad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Sambandet mellan neuroleptika och det metabola syndromet2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 21.
    Ahmed, Zina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Poly-ADP ribos polymeras (PARP) inhibitorers effekt på bröstcancer: Poly-ADP ribos polymeras (PARP) inhibitorers effekt på bröstcancer2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 22.
    Akhatova, Elena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Do clinical pharmacy servicesimprove outcomes for patientswith heart failure (HF)?: Do clinical pharmacy servicesimprove outcomes for patientswith heart failure (HF)?2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 23.
    Akhatova, Elena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Pharmacology.
    Information och rådgivningvid e-handelpå apotek i Sverige.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 24.
    Akrawi, Shehrazad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Hur upplever landstingsanställda farmaceuter i VästraGötalandsregionen sin yrkesroll?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25.
    Akselsen, Gunn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Legemiddelbruk hos eldre på sykehjem: Identifisering av potensielt uhensiktsmessige legemidler utfra NORGEP-NH kriteriene hos pasienter boende på sykehjem i to norske kommuner2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 26.
    Al-ameri, Khalid
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Pharmacology.
    Effektskillnad mellanmåldos och lågdos vidhjärtsviktsbehandling2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27.
    Alattar, Hiba
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Läkemedelsbehandling hos för tidigt födda barn: Läkemedelsbehandling och biverkningar hos barn med lungproblem2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28.
    Albadran, Nadia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Små molekyler från bakterier i kampen mot antibiotikaresistens: Marina aktinomyceter som en lovande källa mot multiläkemedelsresistent Staphylococcus aureus2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 29.
    Ali, Sabrina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Säker och effektiv insulinterapi hos barn med diabetes typ 1: En jämförelse mellan insulinpumpsbehandling och injektionsbehandling2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 30.
    Alm, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Forensic Medicine.
    Barn som dödar barn2012Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Två svenska pojkar, Texas Linderot och Kevin Hjalmarsson, var båda fyra år gamla med en tydlig sak gemensam. Båda är döda. När det är ett barn som blivit dödat/mördat vill vi inte tro att det är sant.  

     

    I de båda fallen med pojkarna var det inte en vuxen person eller en pedofil som var gärningsmännen, det var barn. Kevin Hjalmarssons mördare var två syskon som var fem respektive sju år gamla. Texas Linderoths mördare var en pojke som var tio år gammal.

    Vad är det som har hänt de båda mördade pojkarna är frågor som vi ställer oss.

    Var det lekar som gått snett?

     

    Nu i efterhand vet vi svaren på frågorna och vi vet med säkerhet att det inte var en lek som gick snett. Det var barn som med avsikt mördade andra barn. I båda fallen var det rättsläkarna på Rättsmedicinalverket som kunde konstatera att dödsorsaken var strypning och dödsättet inte skett genom en olycka  utan troligt orsakats av någon utomstående.

    När massmedia berättade den hemska sanningen bakom dessa två mord var vi många som inte trodde det var sant. Vi vill nog tro att barn är goda och inte benägna att utföra hemska våldshandlingar.

  • 31.
    Alm, Susanne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychotherapy.
    Vittne i terapi: Hur psykoterapeuter inom barnpsykiatrin upplever möten med barn, ungdomar och familjer, tillhörande Jehovas Vittnen2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fem psykoterapeuter, med blandad grundutbildning, på en barnspsykiatrisk klinik i Blekinge, har intervjuats. Syftet har varit att undersöka vilka erfarenheter och upplevelser psykoterapeuterna har av att möta barn, ungdomar och familjer, tillhörande Jehovas Vittnen, i barnpsykiatrin. Jehovas Vittnen är ett trossamfund som finns över hela världen. Det är en tro som dikterar tydliga och stränga levnadsvillkor för sina medlemmar och som inte deltar i övriga samhällets förekommande traditioner.

     

    I intervjuerna har samtliga terapeuter upplevelser av att det är svårare att utmana och skapa förändring i dessa fall. Utmanandet av ett system där man lever reglerad utifrån en tro som Jehovas Vittnen, upplevs bekymmersamt. Terapeuterna saknar tillräcklig kunskap om samfundet och om barns levnadsvillkor där. Samtliga terapeuter uppger också att det inte är en självklar och naturlig sak att fråga patienter om deras trostillhörighet.

     

    I intervjuerna framkommer en negativt färgad bild av samfundet och svårigheter kring att jobba terapeutiskt i en kultur som är främmande den terapeuterna själv lever och är skolade i.

    Det faktum att terapeuterna inte har någon egen trostillhörighet verkar vara försvårande, då frågor om tro inte finns som en naturlig del i terapeuternas repertoar. Rädsla för att kränka den lagstadgade religionsfriheten och den privata sfären, är något som leder till försiktighet vid dessa möten. I uppsatsens avslutande del sker ett resonemang kring och ges förslag på frågor som skulle kunna ingå som en del i terapeuters anamnesupptagning, vid möten med nya familjer

  • 32.
    Almosawi, Shahad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience.
    Ciklesonid jämfört med budesonidvid behandling avastma: -En litteraturstudie som jämför effekten och biverkningsprofilenför budesonid och ciklesonidvid behandling av astma2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 33.
    Al-saedi, Shaymaa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Faktorer som påverkar homogeniteten avläkemedelsubstanser i pulverblandningar: En litteraturstudie2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 34.
    Amin, Essen
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Könsspecifika skillnader ochrekommendationer för läkemedelmot urininkontinens: Könsspecifika skillnader ochrekommendationer för läkemedelmot urininkontinens2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 35.
    Andersson, Ewa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychotherapy.
    Andersson, Monika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychotherapy.
    Brist på sympati: Psykoterapeuters upplevelser och erfarenheterav att arbeta med klienterde inte känner sympati inför2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning Studiens syfte var att undersöka terapeuters erfarenheter av hur ett samarbete kan skapas när utgångspunkten är att man inte känner sympati för patienten i en terapirelation. Det finns förhållandevis lite forskning som handlar om denna specifika aspekt av behandlingsrelationen. För att belysa frågan intervjuades sju legitimerade psykoterapeuter med en halvstrukturerad fokuserad intervju. Nyckelord och citat utmynnade i fem huvudteman med underteman. Huvudteman var: Utforskande/Nyfikenhet, Allians, Arbetsmetoder, Värderingar och Egen utveckling. Informanterna menade att det går att ha en samarbetsrelation med en patient trots att man som terapeut inte känner sympati men man upplever alliansen som svagare. De upplevde att det underlättar att ha en god terapeutisk allians över tid och att utfallet blir mer gynnsamt. Vi fann också att terapeutens personliga värderingar och etiska principer är det som avgör om man kan ha en behandlingsrelation överhuvudtaget. Hamnar terapeuten i alltför svåra personliga värdekonflikter upplevde samtliga att det inte gick att fortsätta. Resultatet visar att brist på sympati för patienter förekommer och intervjupersonerna hade metoder för att hantera dessa känslor. Lång yrkeserfarenhet, livserfarenhet, egenterapi, utbildning, handledning och tillgång till kolleger kan ha varit underlättande i hanteringen av de problem i terapirelation och behandling som en bristande sympati kan skapa.   Nyckelord: Allians, Sympati, Metod, Psykoterapi, Antipati 

  • 36.
    Andersson, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports medicine.
    Andersson, Ida
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports medicine.
    Samband mellan överkroppsstyrka och prestation i skidspåret hos svenska längdskidåkande juniorer.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has identified strength as a key factor for performance in cross-country skiing. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between upper body strength and performance in swedish junior cross-country skiers. 33 swedish young men and 23 young women age 17,3 ± 1,0 years volunteered to participate in specific tests during a summer training camp were they completed a test battery consisting of bench press and bench pull. The strength variables obtained were correlated with FIS-points (International Ski Federation´s ranking points for distance and sprint performance) used as the performance indicator. Correlations were performed by Spearman´s rank correlation coefficient for all variables. The results showed that FIS-points for sprint correlated significantly with both bench press and bench pull. No significant correlation was found between FIS-points for distance and bench pull. These results may predict performance for cross-country skiers and indicate a justification for increased proportion of strength training. 

  • 37.
    Andreasson, Annette
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Nedsatt njurfunktion hos diabetiker: En jämförelse mellan olika metoder att mäta njurfunktion Annette Andreasson2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 38.
    Angantyr, Sofie Angantyr
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Behandling av depression: En jämförelse av långtidseffekterna av KBT ochantidepressiva läkemedel2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 39.
    Arnejo Guardado, Beatriz
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Behandling av ångest:Läkemedel eller kognitiv beteendeterapi2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 40.
    Arvidsson, Louise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Sexuella biverkningar vid behandling med antidepressiva läkemedel: Prevalens, patomekanismer och behandlingsmöjligheter. En litteraturstudie2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 41.
    Asplund, Kjell
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.
    From phylogeny into ontogeny with Claes Hellerstrom2016In: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences, ISSN 0300-9734, E-ISSN 2000-1967, Vol. 121, no 2, p. 73-76Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Asplund, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Den legitimerade farmaceutens yrkesroll på svenska apotek: En litteraturstudie av professionens betydelse i nutid och framtid2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 43.
    Atmarsson, Kamilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Forensic Medicine.
    När är en människa död?: En studie av den juridiska definitionen av döden2012Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fram till den 1 januari 1988 saknade Sverige rättsregler som angav när en människa skulle anses vara död. Innan år 1984 hade inte heller frågan om dödsbegreppet lyfts till analys. I medicinsk przis hade emellertid döden sedan länge ansetts träda in vid det tillfälle då en människas hjärt- och andningsverksamhet varaktigt upphört. Under intensivsvårdens växande framsteg på sextio-, sjuttio- och åttiotalen utvecklades dock ett behov av att både ändra den allmänt vedertagna definitionen av dödens inträdande och av att införa en juridiskt bindande definition om när döden ansågs ha inträffat. Efter en omfattande utredning beslutades till sist att lagstadga dödsbegreppet och döden definierades ha inträffat när hjärnans samtliga funktioner totalt och oåterkalleligt fallit bort. Frågan som ställs i denna uppsats är hur dagens definition av döden lyder. Uppsatsen undersöker därav skälen som föranlett den nuvarande definitionen och hur den rent praktiskt går till när döden ska fastställas.

  • 44.
    Attebäck, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Pharmacology.
    Är metformin ett effektivt och säkert behandlingsalternativ till insulin vid graviditetsdiabetes?: - En litteraturstudie av det vetenskapliga kunskapsläget2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 45.
    Backman, Annica
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lövheim, Hugo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Sjögren, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lindkvist, Marie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Edvardsson, David
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.  School of Nursing and Midwifery, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
    Characteristics of highly rated leadership in Swedish nursing homes2016In: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 56, p. 283-283Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Bagdasarian, Arine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Cancer Therapy: - The mitochondrial Bcl-2 protein familyas drug targets for inducing cell death2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 47.
    Balciunaite, Elona
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Forensic Medicine.
    Vad säger skadorna om gärningsmannen?: beydelse i brottsutredningen Gärningsmannaprofilering2010Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vissa typer av brott kräver stora insatser och kunskap för att hitta en gärningsman. Sådana situationer uppstår när ett offer är död och/eller när man har ett seriemord eller till och med när ett offer har svåra skador med är medvetslöst. I vissa fall kan det vara att offret inte vet vem gärningsman är. Man bör inte heller glömma ett levande offer som skadat sig själv.

       Just skadorna som återfinns hos ett offer indikerar en hel del om en gärningsman. Till skillnad från det juridiska begreppet – en skada, som används i brottsrubriceringssyfte[1], så används skadorna som finns på ett offer i utredningsarbetet för att hitta en gärningsman och återskapa ett händelseförlopp. Med andra ord försöker man svara på frågor: vem har begått ett brott, hur och när brottet har begåtts och varför det har begåtts.[2] Själva utredningsarbetet som omfattar gärningsmannaidentifiering kan i vissa komplicerade, allvarliga fall även inkludera en gärningsmannaprofilering. Syftet är att hitta en gärningsman, dvs. även verifiera om det är just den person som begått visst brott – bevissyfte.

       Skadorna bedöms utifrån art, ålder, grad och antal, t.ex. vilken karaktär en skada har, hur den kunde uppkomma osv. Man försöker bedöma utifrån skadornas art eller andra förhållanden om det kan tyda på ett bestämt motiv, planering av brott eller om det handlar om en impulshandling.[3]

    [1] Thomsen, s. 85.

    [2] Ainsworth, s. 17.

    [3] Thomsen, s. 148-153.

  • 48. Ballesteros, Soledad
    et al.
    Prieto, Antonio
    Mayas, Julia
    Pilar, Toril
    Ponce De León Romero, Laura
    Reales, José Manuel
    Waterworth, John
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Corrigendum: brain training with non-action video games enhances aspects of cognition in older adults: a randomized controlled trial2015In: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, ISSN 1663-4365, E-ISSN 1663-4365, Vol. 7, article id 82Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Bang, Ann-Kristin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Acetylkolinesterashämmare vid Alzheimer´s sjukdom: Skillnad i effekt och biverkningsprofil2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 50.
    Becarevic, Vanja
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
    Generiskt utbyte på apotek iSverigeProblem och möjligheter med generisk substitution2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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