umu.sePublikasjoner
Endre søk
Begrens søket
1 - 35 of 35
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Treff pr side
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
Merk
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 1.
    Andersson, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Nationalekonomi.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Nationalekonomi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    Sjöström, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Nationalekonomi.
    Regional Effects of Military Base Closures: The case of Sweden2007Inngår i: Defence and Peace Economics, ISSN 1024-2694, E-ISSN 1476-8267, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 87-97Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate regional effects of military base closures in Sweden during the last decades. Our analysis is based on a regional growth model, where two equations are estimated; one equation describing the average income growth rate and one equation describing the net migration rate. The data set is a panel of 31 Swedish municipalities covering the period 1983-1998. Our main finding is that a closure of a military base has not had any significant impact on the subsequent average income growth rate nor the net migration rate in the affected municipalities. One potential explanation for these results relates to the labour market and the composition of the labour force.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nationalekonomi.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    Sjöström, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nationalekonomi.
    Regional Effects of Military Closures: The case of Sweden2005Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concerns the effects of military closures on the local growth pattern in Sweden during the last decades. The main issue is to analyze to what extent the closures have affected the subsequent average income growth and net migration rates at the local level. The analysis is based on a data set covering Swedish municipalities with military bases during the period 1983-1998. Our main finding is that the closures have not had any significant impact on the subsequent income growth rate or the net migration rate in the affected minicipalities compared to other municipilaties. However, in accordance with previous studies based on Swedish data, we find the initial endowment of human capital to have a positive impact on the subsequent growth rate.

  • 3.
    Aronsson, Thomas
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nationalekonomi.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nationalekonomi.
    Wikström, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nationalekonomi.
    Regional income growth and net migration in Sweden, 1970-19952001Inngår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 35, nr 9, s. 823-830Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concerns the regional growth pattern in Sweden, and the purpose is to analyse what factors determine the growth rate of average income and the net migration at the regional level. We find a negative relationship between the initial level of regional average income and subsequent income growth. The results also imply that the initial endowment of human capital (measured as the percentage of the population with higher education) has a positive effect on the subsequent net migration. Other determinants of regional income growth and population movements are 'fixed endowments' (related to geography and climate) and regional labour market characteristics.

  • 4.
    Aronsson, Thomas
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nationalekonomi.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nationalekonomi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    Wikström, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nationalekonomi.
    The Impact of regional public expenditures on the local decision to spend2000Inngår i: Regional Science and Urban Economics, ISSN 0166-0462, E-ISSN 1879-2308, Vol. 30, nr 2, s. 185-202Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the hypothesis that local (municipal) expenditures in part can be explained by the expenditures of the regional (county) government. To accomplish this task, we derive and estimate a model of local public (municipal) spending that is defined conditional on the level of regional public expenditures. The empirical analysis is based on panel data from the Swedish local public sector for the time period 1981–1986. Among the results, we find that the hypothesis that regional expenditures are weakly separable from local expenditures can be rejected. However, we cannot reject the hypothesis that the regional expenditures are weakly exogenous in the local expenditure equation.

  • 5. Bergman, Mats
    et al.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Lundberg, Sofia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Stake, Johan Y.
    Interactions Across Firms and Bid Rigging2019Inngår i: Review of Industrial Organization, ISSN 0889-938X, E-ISSN 1573-7160Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We evaluate whether an econometric technique that is used in the spatial econometrics and network effects literature can be adopted as a test for collusive bidding in public procurement auctions. The proposed method is applied to the Swedish asphalt cartel that was discovered in 2001. Our dataset covers the period 1995–2009, which makes it possible to test for conditional independence between complementary cartel bids before and after 2001. Our estimates show a significant positive correlation between complementary cartel bids during the cartel period, whereas a non-significant correlation is shown during the later period. The variance of the parameter estimate of interest also differs between the periods, which suggests a structural change in bidding behavior among cartel members between the two periods.

  • 6.
    Cialani, Catia
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för miljö- och naturresursekonomi (CERE).
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Growth, migration and unemployment across Swedish municipalitiesManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Fundamental questions in economics are why some regions are richer than others, why their economic growth rates vary, whether their growth tends to converge and the key factors that contribute to the variations. These questions have not yet been fully addressed, but changes in the local tax base are clearly influenced by the average income growth rate, net migration rate, and changes in unemployment rates. Thus, the main aim of this paper is to explore in depth the interactive effects of these factors (and local policy variables) in Swedish municipalities, by estimating a proposed three-equation system. Our main finding is that increases in local public expenditures and income taxes have negative effects on subsequent local income growth. In addition, our results support the conditional convergence hypothesis, i.e. that average income tends to grow more rapidly in relatively poor local jurisdictions than in initially “richer” jurisdictions, conditional on the other explanatory variables.

  • 7.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    A spatial interaction model of benefit spillovers from locally provided public services2001Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we test the hypotheses that recreational and cultural services provided at the local level of government are associated with bene…t spillovers between Swedish municipalities. We also test the hypothesis that municipalities with similar expenditure levels are more clustered than would be expected from merely a coincidence. A representative voter model is derived and the demand for recreational and cultural services is estimated using spatial SUR techniques. The results suggest that these expenditures are associated with bene…t spillovers and that municipalities with similar expenditure levels are clustered to a greater extent than would be expected from just a coincidence.

  • 8.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Nationalekonomi.
    A Spatial Interaction Model of Benefit Spillovers from Locally Provided Public Services2006Inngår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 40, nr 6, s. 631-644Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper tests the hypotheses that recreational and cultural services provided at the local government level in Sweden are

    associated with spillovers between municipalities. A representative voter model is derived and the demand for recreational and cultural services is estimated using spatial SUR techniques. The result suggests a negative correlation between recreational and cultural services provided by neighbouring municipalities that indicate that these services are associated with spillovers. In terms of strategic behaviour, this result suggests that these services are strategic substitutes. Moreover, the results provide week evidence that recreational and cultural services provided by local governments are complements.

  • 9.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Are local income tax decisions spatially correlated?2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Theories of inter-jurisdictional tax-competition, yardstick competition and expenditure spillovers all assume fiscal decisions of one jurisdiction to influence fiscal decisions of other jurisdictions. This paper empirically addresses the issue if the income tax setting behavior by one local government influence the tax setting behavior of other local governments. The main purpose of this paper is to test for inter-jurisdictional influence in tax setting behavior across Swedish jurisdictions. In particular, the aims in this paper is to answer two questions: 1) Do the local tax level in one jurisdiction depend on the tax level in other jurisdictions, and 2) Do tax adjustments in one jurisdiction depend on tax adjustments in other jurisdictions. The empirical strategy is to use spatial econometric methods to estimate fiscal reaction functions where, conditional on other covariates, the tax rate in one jurisdiction depends on the tax rates in other jurisdictions. In the previous literature it is often assumed that interaction only exist among geographically close jurisdictions such as jurisdictions who share a common border or are within a pre-defined geographical distance. Although such definition are reasonable, it is also reasonable to define closeness based on distance in for instance population size or population density, age structure and political preferences. That is, a densely populated jurisdiction may relate and more influenced by the tax setting behavior by other densely populated jurisdictions compared to geographically closer but small jurisdictions. Moreover, we also allow for sequential decision making in that the tax decision made by municipality  at time  depend on the tax rate in a neighbouring municipality  at time .

     

    A data set covering all 290 Swedish municipalities between 2003-2016 constitute the base of analysis. One advantage of using data on local Swedish governments is that they have for long enjoyed considerable autonomy from the national government in that they set their own budget, make their own priorities and exercise powers of income taxation. Another advantage of is that since they work within the same legal and institutional system, many of the problems associated with cross-country studies are avoided. Our results points in the direction of no or small effects.

  • 10.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Do local governments underprovide elederly care?: Evidence from Sweden2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we test the hypothesis of strategic interaction in the provision of elderlycare services across Swedish local governments. The theoretical model used for this purposedi¤ers from that presented by Brueckner (2000) in that the elderly (poor) are not allowedto migrate but the workers (rich) who pay for the elderly care are. The empirical analysisis based on a data set covering Swedish municipalities during the period between 2003 and2011, and a spatial lag econometric model is applied to estimate reaction functions. Theresults provide no clear-cut evidence for strategic interactions in the provision of elderly careservices which contradicts some previous research in this area.

  • 11.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Does academic research affect local growth? Empirical evidence based on Swedish data2017Inngår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 51, nr 4, s. 586-601Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Does academic research affect local growth? Empirical evidence based on Swedish data, Regional Studies. The hypothesis that research activities do not merely affect the growth rate within the municipality hosting the university or university college but spill over to neighbouring municipalities is tested using data covering the Swedish municipalities between 1990 and 2010. Research activities are measured as the number of dissertations and the number of papers published in academic journals with peer-review system. The results suggest academic institutions by their presence and 'production' of human capital and new knowledge through research affect the regional growth pattern in both the municipality where the academic institution is located and the growth pattern of neighbouring municipalities.

  • 12.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Horizontal interactions in local income taxes2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Theories of inter-jurisdictional tax- and yardstick competition assume the tax decision of one jurisdiction to influence the tax decision of other jurisdictions. This paper empirically addresses the issue of horizontal dependence in local income tax rates across jurisdictions. Based on a large data set covering Swedish municipalities over a period of 14 years our results points in the direction of a positive horizontal dependence due to inter-jurisdictional tax competition.

  • 13.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Local government expenditures and regional growth in Sweden2001Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of five papers, which concern expenditure decisions and economic growth within Swedish local government.Paper [1] explores the hypothesis that local fiscal shocks have short run effects on revenue and expenditure decisions made within local government. It is found that although fiscal shocks do not affect local authorities' revenue decisions, they do induce municipalities to change expenditures and financial costs along with short term loans. Local authorities are also found to respond more powerful to unfavorable fiscal shocks (deficit shocks) than to favorable fiscal shocks (surplus shocks).In Paper [2], we study the hypothesis that local (municipal) expenditures, in part, can be explained by regional (county) expenditures. We formulate and estimate a demand model for municipal services that is defined conditional on the county expenditures. The results imply a positive dependency between the provision of county and municipal services. Moreover, the results suggest that the hypothesis of weak separability between the provision of county and municipal services can be rejected. In addition, we cannot reject the hypothesis that the regional expenditures are weakly exogenous in the local expenditure equation.In Paper [3] the existence of spillover between Swedish municipalities in the provision of recreational and cultural services is analyzed. A representative .voter model is derived and the demand for recreational and cultural services is estimated using spatial SUR techniques. The results suggest a negative relationship between recreational and cultural expenditures provided by neighboring municipalities, which indicates that these services are substitutes.Paper [4] concerns the regional growth pattern in Sweden by analyzing what factors might determine the growth rate of regional average income levels and the net migration rates. Our results suggest a negative dependence between the initial average income level and the subsequent income growth, which supports the conditional convergence hypothesis. Among other things, we also find that the initial endowments of human capital have a positive effect on subsequent net migration while the initial unemployment rate is found to have a negative impact on net migration.Paper [5] complements the analysis made in Paper [4] by studying which factors determine average income growth and net migration at the local level of government. The conditional convergence hypothesis cannot be rejected. Local government investments are found to have a positive effect on the subsequent net migration while leaving the growth in mean income unaffected. This may indicate that the net migration caused by these investments does not significantly affect the proportion of skilled and unskilled labor.

  • 14.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    On cartel detection and Moran’s I2017Inngår i: Letters in spatial and resource sciences, ISSN 1864-4031, E-ISSN 1864-404X, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 129-139Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the potential of using the Moran’s I statistic to detect complementary bidding on public contracts. The test is applied to data concerning the so-called Swedish asphalt cartel, which was discovered in 2001. Using information on submitted bids and procurement characteristics for both the cartel period (1995–2001) and the post-cartel period (2003–2009), the Moran’s I correctly predicts complementary bidding behavior for linear and quadratic specifications when such behavior is likely to exist, and rejects such behavior when it’s unlikely to be present. Remarkably, the Moran’s I also correctly indicates and rejects complementary bidding on the basis of information on the separate bids alone.

  • 15.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    On the definition of W in empirical models of yardstick competition2014Inngår i: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 52, nr 2, s. 597-610Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Theoretical models of strategic interaction between local governments are often implemented empirically using spatial econometric techniques. In order to empirically discriminate between different theoretical explanations for strategic interactions, it is important to ensure that the spatial weights matrix W reflects the theoretical mechanisms behind the interaction of interest. However, researchers do not usually have the information required to adequately define its elements in such a way. Here, we present a method for defining these elements that captures the interest of one jurisdiction's inhabitants in the local politics of their neighboring jurisdictions even when this information is not directly available to the researcher. The method is suitable for use in empirical models of strategic interaction between local jurisdictions and can be used to define spatial weights matrices for spatial econometric models that will be used to test or control for yardstick competition across jurisdictions.

  • 16.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    On the determinants of average income growth and net migration at the municipal level in Sweden2001Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to study what factors determined the average income growth and net migration at the municipal level in Sweden between 1981-1990. Our results suggest a negative correlation between the initial level of average income and the subsequent average income growth, which can be interpreted in terms of conditional convergence. We also find that local government policy variables are important determinants of net migration and average income growth. However, there is no evidence to suggest that the presence of a university or a university college in the municipality affects local growth and mobility patterns.

  • 17.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nationalekonomi.
    On the determinants of average income growth and net migration at the municipal level in Sweden2003Inngår i: The Review of Regional Studies, ISSN 0048-749X, Vol. 33, nr 2, s. 229-253Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to study what factors determined the average income growth and net migration at the municipal level in Sweden during the 1980s. To do this, we allow for a broad set of possible determinants of the local growth pattern such as economic "opportunity" variables, local policy and national policy decisions (including local public investments), the political stability within the local council, and the local socio-economic structure. Our results suggest a negative correlation between the initial level of average income and the subsequent average income growth, which can be interpreted in terms of conditional convergence. We also find local government policy variables to be important determinants of net migration and average income growth.

  • 18.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    Samverkan mellan forskningsinstitutioner och näringsliv2003Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det ställs allt större förväntningar och krav på att de resurser samhället satsar på forskning och utveckling skall ge avkastning i form av nya kommersialiserbara varor och tjänster, fler företag och arbetstillfällen. Ett av skälen till dessa förväntningar och krav är uppfattningen att den ekonomiska tillväxten drivs av teknologisk utveckling, vilken i sin tur skapas genom en medvetet organiserad, planerad och marknadsanpassad forskning, en uppfattning som även predikteras av så kallad endogen tillväxtteori. För att dessa förväntningar skall infrias krävs någon form av samverkan mellan forskningsinstitutionen och det övriga samhället. Det kan antingen ske genom att den enskilde forskaren startar ett företag baserat på ett forskningsresultat, eller att forskaren samarbetar med ett redan befintligt företag eller någon annan typ av organisation för att producera, marknadsföra och sälja produkten eller tjänsten.

    Syftet med föreliggande rapport är att ge en överblick av den forskning som utförts inom området samverkan mellan forskningsinstitutioner och övriga samhället, att ge en kortfattad överblick av det svenska systemet/systemen för samverkan samt jämföra det svenska systemet med andra jämförbara länder.

  • 19.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nationalekonomi.
    Short run responses to fiscal shocks: evidence from Swedish municipalities1997Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concerns the short-run effects of local fiscal shocks on municipal expenditure and revenue decisions. It also explores the hypothesis that differences in political preferences lead to differences in the way municipalities adjust to fiscal shocks. A panel data set for Swedish municipalities is used in the empirical estimation. According to the results, fiscal shocks have an impact on expenditure and loan decisions, and political preferences matter in the adjustment process. However, there are no indications that fiscal shocks affect revenue decisions.Keywords:

  • 20.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    The Regional Growth Pattern in Sweden: A Search for Hot Spots2003Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper gives an exploratory description of the regional growth pattern in Sweden during the period 1981-1999. The main issue is to test the hypothesis that municipalities with high average income growth rates are more spatially clustered than could be caused by pure chance. The paper is purely descriptive where we make use of two statistical tests for spatial correlation as well as maps to identify what we reefer to as significance, the hypotheseis that municipalities with similar average growth rates are more clustered than could be expected from pure chance. In particular, regional Hot Spots are found near the major city of Stockholm and in the Gislaved/Gnosjö region.

  • 21.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    The spatial distribution of wealth: a search for hot spots2015Inngår i: Firms' location selections and regional policy in the global economy / [ed] Toshiharu Ishikawa, Springer, 2015, s. 185-201Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter gives an exploratory description of the spatial distribution of relative local tax bases and private wealth as well as the growth rate in these variables across Swedish municipalities during the period 1992–2013. The main aim is to test the hypothesis that municipalities with relatively high tax bases and high private wealth, such as relative capital incomes or private property values and changes in these variables, are more spatially clustered than could be caused by pure chance. The chapter is purely descriptive where we make use of two frequently used statistical tests for spatial correlation, the global Moran's I and the local G i* (d)-statistic, as well as maps to identify what we refer to as regional 'hot spots'. That is, clusters of municipalities with high local tax bases and private wealth in combination with high growth rates in these variables. This chapter also serves as a guide to how the global Moran's and the local G i * (d)-statistic could be used with application to the spatial distribution of local tax bases and private wealth across Swedish municipalities. Even though this paper focuses on local tax bases and private wealth, the method applied could of course be used to identify other types of clusters such as industrial clusters, clusters of individuals and/or industries with specific human capital and knowledge, different types of crimes, etc.

  • 22.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    Using Spatial Econometrics to Analyze Local Growth in Sweden2002Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates factors that determine the average income growth and net migration using Swedish data. The main issue is to test the hypothesis that the growth rate in one municipality is affected by the growth rates in its neighboring municipalities. Our results support this hypothesis: we found a positive correlation between the growth rates in neighboring municipalities. In addition, we found a negative correlation between the initial level of average income and the subsequent average income growth, which can be interpreted in terms of conditional convergence. We also found that local government policy variables such as local public investments, expenditures, and income tax rates were important determinants of net migration and average income growth.

  • 23.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Nationalekonomi.
    Using Spatial Econometrics to Analyze Local Growth in Sweden2006Inngår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 40, nr 3, s. 303-316Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper investigates factors that determine the average income growth and net migration rates in Swedish municipalities during 1981-99. The main issue is to test the hypothesis that conditional on a set of other possible determinants of regional growth, the growth rate in one municipality is affected by the growth rates in its neighbouring municipalities. The hypothesis of conditional convergence is also tested. A positive correlation is found between net migration rates in neighbouring municipalities, which suggests that net migration tends to 'spillover' to neighbouring municipalities. When it comes to average income growth, the results indicate spatial dependence in the error terms during the 1980s. However, there is no clear evidence in favour of the hypothesis of conditional convergence. Instead, the results predict conditional divergence between municipalities located in the Stockholm region throughout the period and also for municipalities outside the Stockholm region during the 1990s.

  • 24.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    Using Spatial Econometrics to Analyze Local Growth in Sweden: Revised and Extended2003Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates factors that determine the average income growth and net migration rates in Swedish municipalities during the period 1981 to 1999. The main issue is to test the hypothesis that, conditional on a set of other possible determinants of regional growth, the growth rate in one municipality is affected by the growth rates in its neighboring municipalities. We also test the hypothesis that initially 'poorer' regions tend to grow faster than initially 'richer' regions conditional on the other explanatory variables in the model. We find a positive correlation between net migration rates in neighbouring municipalities, which suggests that net migration tend to 'spill over' to neighbouring municipalities. When it comes to average income growth, our results indicate spatial dependence in the error terms during the 1980´s. Such dependence is important in the sense that it indicates that shocks into the system not only affect the municipally where the shock has its origin but spread across the country.

     

    In addition, and in contrast to previous empirical findings based on Swedish data, we do not find any clear evidence in favour of the hypothesis of conditional convergence. Instead, our results predict conditional divergence between municipalities located in the Stockholm region throughout the period and also for municipalities outside Stockholm region during 1990´s.

  • 25.
    Lundberg, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Castillo, D
    Dahmani, M
    Do Online Students Perform Better than Face-to-face Students? Reflections and a Short Review of Some Empirical Findings2008Inngår i: Revista de Universidad y Sociedad del Conocimiento, ISSN 1698-580X, Vol. 5, nr 11, s. 1125-1131Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 26.
    Lundberg, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Nationalekonomi.
    Castillo-Merino, David
    Dept. of Economics and Business, Open University of Catalonia (UOC).
    Dahmani, Mounir
    Economics, University of Paris Sud, France.
    Do Online Students Perform Better than Face-to-face Students?: Reflections and a Short Review of some Empirical Findings2008Inngår i: RUSC, Revista de Universidad y Sociedad del Conocimiento, ISSN 1698-580X, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 35-42Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The increases in the number of online courses given by universities have been quite dramatic over the last couple of years. Nowadays, many universities even give complete degree programs online where instructions and lectures in the form of, for example, streaming videos, are available for students to watch 24 hours a day. In a sense, the use of Internet and Interactive Computer Technologies (ICT) in higher education can be compared to any other type of teaching tool, such as the blackboard and overhead projectors. The motivation for using the Internet and ICT in higher education, from an economic point of view, is if they are more effective as teaching tools compared to any relevant alternative. That is, all else being equal, if the Internet is an effective teaching tool in that students who attend online courses or complete degree programs perform better in terms of marks in the final exam compared to face-to-face students. In this paper we reflect on and summarize some of the empirical findings in the literature on the effects of online teaching on student performance compared to face-to-face equivalents.

  • 27.
    Lundberg, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Hanes, Niklas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Eliasson, Kent
    Tillväxtanalys, Östersund.
    Regionalt transportbidrag: En effektutvärdering med fokus på sågverksindustrin2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 28.
    Lundberg, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Hudson, Chris
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Eklund, Niklas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Svenska stadsregioner: Demokrati, lokalt medborgar skap och politiska institutioner2009Inngår i: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, nr 1, s. 59-63Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 29.
    Lundberg, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Lundberg, Sofia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Distributional Effects of Lower Food Prices in a Rich Country2012Inngår i: Journal of Consumer Policy, ISSN 0168-7034, E-ISSN 1573-0700, Vol. 35, nr 2, s. 373-391Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Controlling for differences in taxes and transportation costs, the Nordic Competition Authorities claims, in a report from 2005, that food prices are 11% higher in Sweden compared to the EU-15 countries. One explanation for this put forward in the report is the limited competition on this market which suggests there to be a potential for lower food prices. This paper focuses on distributional effects of a price decrease on food. Based on a simple model of household utility, the households demand for food is derived and estimated. Price and income elasticities for different income groups are then calculated based on these parameter estimates. Our results suggest that food is a normal good with an average income elasticity of approximately 0.18 and a price elasticity of 0.45. In addition, and of importance from a policy perspective, the results indicate the income elasticity to differ across income groups while price elasticities are constant.

  • 30.
    Lundberg, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Nationalekonomi.
    Lundberg, Sofia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Nationalekonomi.
    Distributional Effects of Lower Food Prices in a Rich Country: Calculations Based on Estimates of Household Demand for Food2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 31.
    Lundberg, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Nationalekonomi.
    Lundberg, Sofia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Nationalekonomi.
    Join the Club?  On the Attractiveness of Golf Club Membership2008Inngår i: The Empirical Economics Letters, ISSN 1681-8997, Vol. 7, nr 11, s. 1125-1132Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 32.
    Lundberg, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    Lundberg, Sofia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    Join the Club: On the Attractiveness of Golf Club Membership2005Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to analyze determinants of the attractiveness of membership in Swedish golfclubs. This is modeled as a utility maximization problem and is estimated using a unique data set that includes 99 percent of all golf clubs in Sweden. We find that the annual membership fees and the member profile have a significant impact on the club´s attractiveness as well as a number of other important characteristics of the club and the municipality in which the club is located. The latter result indicates that not only the characteristics of the club itself but also its location matter for its attractiveness.

  • 33.
    Lundberg, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    Lundberg, Sofia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    Westin, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    Hushållens efterfrågan på dagligvaror och val av dagligvarubutik i Umeå kommun.2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande rapport är att analysera vilka faktorer som påverkar hushållens efterfrågan på dagligvaror samt vilka faktorer som styr hushållens val av dagligvarubutik. Den ekonometriska analysen bygger på ett datamaterial bestående av totalt 116 enkätsvar från hushåll i Umeå kommun. Enkäten omfattar information om hushållens sammansättning, inkomstnivå, bostadsområde, val av dagligvarubutik för olika typer av inköp (stora inköp (veckohandel), medelstora inköp samt mindre inköp (kompletteringshandel)), hushållets utgifter för dagligvaror per månad, hushållets storlek etc.

    Det begränsade empiriska materialet gör det inte möjligt att utifrån de resultat som presenteras dra några statistiskt säkerställda slutsatser. Däremot ger den ekonometriska analysen möjlighet att formulera hypoteser som kan studeras ytterligare i en mer omfattande studie. Därmed skall denna rapport ses som en förstudie till en mer omfattande studie baserad på ett utskick om cirka 3 000 enkäter. Ett mer sådant empiriskt underlag skulle även göra det möjligt att använda mer sofistikerade ekonometriska metoder.

  • 34.
    Lundberg, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    Westin, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    Utvärdering av forskargrupperna "Gruppen för Regionalvetenskaplig Forskning samt "Turism och Fritid" vid Karlstads Universitet.2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 35.
    Lundberg, Sofia
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Retailer choice and loyalty schemes: evidence from Sweden2010Inngår i: Letters in spatial and resource sciences, ISSN 1864-4031, E-ISSN 1864-404X, Vol. 3, nr 3, s. 137-146Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    From economic theory, it is well known that consumer loyalty schemes can have lock-in effects resulting in entry barriers and higher prices. This paper concerns consumer loyalty schemes where the main issue is to test the hypothesis that loyalty scheme membership affects the choice of food retailer. This choice is modeled as a random utility maximization problem estimated with maximum likelihood. Based on a data set covering 1,551 Swedish households, we find evidence supporting this hypothesis. Further, according to the results, store characteristics and geographical distance matter for the choice of retailer while household characteristics are not found to have a significant effect.

1 - 35 of 35
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf