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  • 101.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    "Men är vi inte färdiga med queer nu...?"2003In: Bang, ISSN 1102-4593, no 1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 102.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Moderskap utan statlig välfärd.: En vansklig politisk utopi.2017In: Feministiskt PerspektivArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 103.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Performativity as a symptom: the trembling body in the works of Butler2015In: Lambda Nordica: Tidskrift om homosexualitet, ISSN 1100-2573, no 2-3, p. 125-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är vanligt att betrakta performativitet som en möjlighet till subversiva handlingar som radikalt kan förändra vår relation till genus. Genom en omläsning och omtolkning av några av Judith Butlers texter, menar jag att genus förvisso reproduceras och manifesteras performativt, men att performativitet inte konstituerar genus. Genus konstitueras genom heterosexuell melankoli; det är genom denna melankoli som inkorporeringen av könat begär/begärligt kön äger rum och den maniska repetition av genus som Butler kallar för performativitet är på så sätt snarare ett symptom på denna melankoli. Performativitet kan ses som psykiskt nödvändigt för att utesluta kroppsliga oförenligheter och beroenden genom att ge upphov till en psykosomatisk illusion av en koherent och autonom kropp. I bästa fall kan performativitet visa på andra versioner av genus som levbara, men enbart genom att använda sig av samma illusion av en koherent kropp. Denna användning av performativitet kan vara användbar för en humanistisk feminism som i första hand strävar efter att erkänna och humanisera marginaliserade subjektspositioner, men det är samtidigt ett angreppssätt som även kan riskera att individualisera identiteter och ge upphov till gränser mellan kroppar i stället för solidaritet. De distinktioner jag försöker påvisa i min tolkning av performativitetsbegreppet och dess relation till förkroppsligad melankoli kan därför vara väsentliga att påpeka för att undvika en (ny)liberal annektering av politisk organisering och aktivism.  

  • 104.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Recension av: Hjelm, Jonny: Amasoner på planen2005In: Kvinnovetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 0348-8365, Vol. 26, no 1Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 105.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    "The queer disappearance of Butler": När Judith Butler introducerades i svensk feministisk forskning, 1990-20022008In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 106.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Ur led är feminismens tid!2008In: Fronesis, ISSN 1404-2614Article, review/survey (Other academic)
  • 107.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Äktenskapet, sexualmoralen och barnets bästa som samhällsorganisatörer i två statliga utredningar: kommentar till texter om äktenskap2015In: Sexualpolitiska nyckeltexter / [ed] Klara Arnberg, Pia Laskar, Fia Sundevall, Stockholm: Leopard , 2015, p. 317-325Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 108.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    ”Även queerteorin måste förklara sig – och ta ställning.: Recension av Når heteroseksualiteten må forklare seg2009In: Trikster, no 3Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 109.
    Edenheim, Sara
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Persson, Cecilia
    Enade vi falla, söndrade vi stå!: Reflektioner om kontinuitet, kronologi, myter och stringens2006In: Kvinnovetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 0348-8365, Vol. 27, no 2-3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 110.
    Edenheim, Sara
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Akademisk feminism: Institutionalisering, organisation och kritik2014In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 99-121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is an examination of what consequences our passion for critical research has had on our relation to Gender Studies as a discipline. The examination begins with the exclusion from, and escape from, another discipline, to the space and possibilities offered by Gender Studies. This move is, however, also an escape into a new discipline and a new order of normativities. We move on to identifying these normativities: 1) Gender Studies as constituted through a compromise with research ideals, where, for example, the concept gender (genus) is depicted as more inclusive than other concepts, and Gender Studies as less critical and political than Feminist Studies, 2) the dogmatism of sisterhood, as an identity based limitation for research, and 3) the constant mix-up with, and adaptation to, both governmental gender equality politics and activist organisations outside the university. In order to exist, Gender Studies has, in some way or another, compromised with all three of these normativities. We do not assume that this development is automatically bad or good – the normativities do not always reinforce each other, incongruences and gaps sometimes appear when they meet, and a compromise also implies that there still remains something of that which is ‘other’, of that which was ‘too much’ and had to be compromised. However, for the moment they seem to interact with a neo-liberal governmentality that restructures politics, activist demands, and identifications as well as research focus and university organisation. Hence, we see a need for a re-organisation of academic feminism, using Gender Studies as a platform, but constituted by neither the traditional object of study (“women/gender”) nor the idea of infinite inclusion and flexibility (“intersectionality”). Instead we propose that passion for critical research (including responsibility of that research), organised around the untimely idea of a non-competitive collegium, constitutes the guiding rules for a non-nostalgic and non-identical academic feminism.

  • 111.
    Edenheim, Sara
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Institute for advanced studies, Princeton.
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Karlstad university.
    Representations of equality: processes of depoliticization of the citizen-subject2016In: Gendered citizenship and the politics of representation / [ed] Hilde Danielsen, Kari Jegerstedt, Ragnhild L. Muriaas, Brita Ytre-Arne, Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, p. 61-83Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 112.
    Edin, Kerstin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Nilsson, Bo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Men's violence: narratives of men attending anti-violence programmes in Sweden2014In: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 46, p. 96-106Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The efficacy of batterer-intervention programmes for men has frequently been questioned, inviting additional research and development. Men inclined to violence have multifaceted problems but are frequently squeezed into ‘one-size-fits-all’ programmes with high ambitions for change that often show little evidence of effectiveness. Some research even indicates that any changes in men's violent behaviour might result from factors not at all linked to the programmes.

    For this study, ten interviews were carried out with men who had attended anti-violence programmes within the Swedish Probation Service. The overall aim was to analyse gendered identity constructions in the narratives of men attending the programmes — how men articulate the course of violent events and in what way they talk about themselves and the programmes.

    According to our results, men defended themselves by making excuses, explanations and victim positions. Furthermore, the men's gendered identity constructions collided with the programmes' ambitions of changing men's conceptions and behaviour.

  • 113.
    Edlund, Ann-Catrine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Comparative Literature and Scandinavian Languages.
    Kan män vara sjuksköterskor och kvinnor brandmän? Om sambandet mellan yrkesbeteckningar och kön2004In: Den könsuppdelade arbetsmarknaden:: betänkande av utredningen om den könssegregerade svenska arbetsmarknaden / [ed] Statens offentliga utredningar, Stockholm, 2004, p. 263-280Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 114.
    Edlund, Ann-Catrine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Comparative Literature and Scandinavian Languages.
    Erson, Eva
    Milles, Karin
    Frödin, Ulf (Illustrator)
    Språk och kön2007Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi översköljs dagligen av föreställningar om hur män och kvinnor "är". Vi möter en mängd schablonbilder i massmedia och populärkultur. Dessa konstruerade föreställningar om skillnader mellan könen gäller också vårt språkbruk.

    Författarna diskuterar och problematiserar våra kulturella föreställningar om språkskillnader mellan könen med utgångspunkt i den massmediala verkligheten och våra vardagliga erfarenheter. De visar att många av förställningarna om språkskillnader mellan könen är konstruerade och saknar grund. I stället tydliggörs de många - och svårfångade - sambanden mellan språk och kön.

    Språk och kön är landets första vetenskapligt uppbyggda lärobok i ämnet. Den vänder sig både till studenter och till yrkesverksamma. Boken kan användas på utbildningar i bland annat språkvetenskap, nordiska språk, genusvetenskap och lärarutbildningar.

  • 115.
    Edlund, Lars-Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Viveca Rabb, Genuskongruens på reträtt. Variation i nominalfrasen i Kvevlaxdialekten. Åbo 2007 (Åbo Akademis Förlag). ISBN 978-951-765-360-2. ISBN 978-951-765-361-9 (digital), 205 pp2008In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, no 2, p. 107-108Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 116.
    Edström, Charlotta
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Brunila, Kristiina
    Troubling Gender Equality: Revisiting Gender Equality Work in the Famous Nordic Model Countries2016In: Education as Change, ISSN 1682-3206, E-ISSN 1947-9417, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 10-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article concerns gender equality work, that is, those educational and workplace activities that involve the promotion of gender equality. It is based on research conducted in Sweden and Finland, and focuses on the period during which the public sector has become more market-oriented and project-based all over the Nordic countries. The consequences of this development on gender equality work have not yet been thoroughly analysed. Our joint empirical analysis is based on discourse-analytic methodology and two previous empirical studies. By analysing interviews conducted with people involved in gender equality work, this article emphasises the effects of market-oriented and project-based gender equality work in education and working life in Sweden and in Finland. The findings highlight an alliance between projectisation and heteronormativity that acts to regulate how gender equality ought to be talked about in order for its issues to be heard. A persistently constructed 'remedy' to 'the gender equality problem' is that girls and women are positioned as 'needing' to change more than boys and men, by adopting more traditionally 'masculine manners' and choosing to work in more 'masculine sectors'. The findings also show that the constitutive forces of these discourses provide little leeway for critical perspectives.

  • 117.
    Egan Sjölander, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Att HBTQ-certifiera ett hockeylag. Om Kiruna IF och Acceptansprojektet till Allsvenskan2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 118.
    Ekerholm, Helena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Plikt och undantag: vapenfrilagstiftningen och det manliga medborgarskapet i Sverige 1965-19782014In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 134, no 1, p. 31-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In countries where military conscription has been in force such service has been defined as a masculine duty as opposed to feminine caring and life giving duties. Conscientious objectors not only question a societal contract of duties and civil rights; they also challenge a politically hegemonic masculinity by opting out of one of its main homosocial arenas. This article investigates the changes made to non-combatant conscription service legislation and how it was discussed and designed as a condition for male citizenship in Sweden 1965–1978.

    In 1963, the Social democrats and the Liberals demanded changes in the restrictive non-combatant conscription legislation adopted during World War II. Critics regarded the connection of the non-combatant services to the armed forces as too manifest. New legislation was introduced in 1966. A state board was established to evaluate requests for civil service, transferring evaluation from the military to the civilian sector. The non-combatant service areas were expanded in order to take individual requests into consideration, without compromising the need for conscripts within the total national defense. Members of Jehovah’s Witnesses, who refused unconditionally, were controversially exempt from all service, as they were deemed unfit, comparable to alcoholics and anti-socials.

    A notable increase of ethical and political non-combatant applications in the last years of the 1960s and early 1970s proved challenging to the 1966 legislation. In 1973 a new governmental commission was appointed to propose changes. One problem was the application evaluation board’s partiality towards religious objectors and the nature of the proceedings, which were criticized for being too intrusive, thus clashing with the objectors’ civil rights. In 1978 the approved service sectors were further expanded into the civilian sector, for example by allowing environmental work, school assistance and service with the Red Cross. The legislative changes indicate that the link between conditioned male citizenship and military service was weakened, when challenged by the non-combatants’ alternative masculinities.

  • 119.
    Ekholm, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    "Det är väl dags att få någonting tillbaka": En diskursanalys av känslor och makthierarkier i två välgörenhetsgalor2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Välgörenhet är ett stort samtida fenomen och så även välgörenhetsgalor. Vissa har argumenterat för biståndsarbete och välgörenhet har två sidor, altruism och egenintresse (Öhman, 2000). Den här uppsatsen undersöker känslor och makthierarkier inom en välgörenhetsdiskurs genom att analysera två svenska välgörenhetsgalor som sändes i SVT och TV4 under 2017. De teoretiska utgångpunkterna har främst varit Sara Ahmeds (2011) teori om olustens politik, Olli Pyyhtinens (2014) tolkning och utveckling av Marcel Mauss (1924) teori om gåvor och utbyten, samt Jo Littler (2008) och Ilan Kapoors (2013) teorier om kändisars deltagande i välgörenhet. Genom att använda Ernest Laclau och Chantal Mouffes diskursteori som teoretisk ingång och metod för diskursanalysen undersöks välgörenhetsdiskursens möjligheter och krav, med fokus på sprickor och spänningar som uppstår inom dess ramar. Analysen visar att diskursen kräver vissa moment för att existera. Ett sådant moment är de, med användning av Kapoors begrepp, avpolitiserande effekter som framkommer när fokus riktas mot snabba lösningar på akuta problem snarare än att tala om social rättvisa och politiska åtgärder. Ytterligare ett moment som diskursen kräver är temat om medlidande för att kunna väcka känslor hos subjektet som uppmanas att skänka pengar. I förlängningen krävs också lyckliga slut, där detta givarsubjekt får se hur pengarna har hjälpt rädda liv på barn runt om i världen. Analysen visar hur välgörenhetsgalorna, trots goda intentioner, också bidrar till att konstruera en bild av Sverige som en ”god” nation vilket förstärker makthierarkier mellan Sverige och de länder som mottar pengar från välgörenheten. Bilden av Sverige som (re)produceras inom välgörenhetsdiskursen osynliggör också förståelser av Sverige som del i en global kapitalistisk ordning som tar från samma fattiga som välgörenhetsgalorna ämnar rädda.

  • 120.
    Elovaara, Pirjo
    et al.
    Technoscience Studies, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlshamn, Sweden.
    Mörtberg, Christina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Design of digital democracies: Performance of citizenship, gender and IT2007In: Information, Communication and Society, ISSN 1369-118X, E-ISSN 1468-4462, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 404-423Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The point of departure for this article is several Swedish IT policies that articulate goals for further development of the welfare state, which demand and enable active citizenship as well as enrolment of IT in the performance of this active citizenship. This article also examines the performance of active citizenship in a variety of sociotechnical arenas where people and technology coexist. Does the notion of active citizenship turn out a number of performances when translated into materialized technologies, such as Internet portals and web-based services? The authors juxtapose the policies with a construction of agencies in the story of citizens' design. In the last section, the discussions taking place in the parliament of things are summarized and related to the problematizations of citizenship, gender and IT.

  • 121.
    Eman, Josefin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The lives of older athletes: with a focus on masculinity and embodiment2009In: Proceedings from GEXcel Theme 2: Deconstructing the Hegemony of Men and Masculinities Conference 27-29 April 2009 / [ed] Biricik, Alp & Hearn, Jeff, 2009, p. 71-77Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 122.
    Engholm, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    “In the end, one person has to convince another”: A critical discourse analysis of gender and sexuality in the asylum process2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study has been to critically analyse discourses on gender and sexuality in written material produced by the Swedish Migration Board and in interviews with staff at the administrative authority, drawing on Norman Fairclough’s three-dimensional model as well as feminist and postcolonial theory. The written material is used frequently in assessments where asylum-seekers claim risk of persecution based on gender or sexuality. I have identified three discursive themes; objective identities, self-image as deviant and victim of culture and tradition. Other than the discursive themes, the written material and the interviews showed a paradox of subjective truth expressing the subjective element of self-image and as a result of this the difficulties in evaluating identities in others.

  • 123.
    Enström, Karolina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Teacher Education, Child and Youth Education, Special Education, and Counselling.
    "Han sa att jag var modig": en studie om ungdomar som brutit mot könsmärkta gymnasieval2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med arbetet var att försöka förstå enskilda ungdomars val av ett gymnasieprogram som domineras av det motsatta könet. Jag ville undersöka dessa ungdomars egna tankar om orsaker till och konsekvenser av sitt otraditionella gymnasieval. Jag har använt mig av kvalitativa intervjuer med sex gymnasieelever. Av studien framkom att Elprogrammet och Omvårdnadsprogrammet är de program som domineras mest av killar respektive tjejer och av den anledningen valde jag att intervjua tre tjejer på Elprogrammet och tre killar på Omvårdnadsprogrammet. Genom intervjuerna har jag undersökt ungdomarnas bakgrund, orsaker till gymnasievalet, deras framtidssyn, hur de uppfattar att omgivningen ser på deras val och vilken status deras framtida yrke har. Resultatet av intervjustudien visade att elevernas bakgrund har haft stor betydelse för deras val och att det är viktigt att tjejer och killar provar på varandras områden för att ett intresse ska kunna väckas. Ungdomarnas värderingar och förväntningar på sitt framtida yrke skiljer sig från tidigare forskningsresultat om de tjejer och killar som gör traditionella val.

  • 124.
    Eriksson, Liselotte
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Beneficiaries or policyholders?: The role of women in Swedish life insurance 1900-19502014In: Business History, ISSN 0007-6791, E-ISSN 1743-7938, ISSN 0007-6791, Vol. 56, no 8, p. 1335-1360Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the second half of the nineteenth century, women were depicted as dependents and beneficiaries and men as breadwinners and policyholders in Swedish life insurance sales promotions. Furthermore, life insurance was assumed to be a middle-class concern. The notion of the life insurance policyholder as ‘middle class’ and ‘male’ was first contested with the introduction of industrial life insurance, i.e. life insurance for the working classes and also, to a large extent, the rural population in Sweden. The industrial life insurance business contributed to the growth of a large proportion of female life insurance policyholders from the rural and working classes. This article illuminates the contrast between ideological representations of women as the opponents of life insurance in sales promotions and the real actions and roles of women in business history.

  • 125.
    Evertsson, Lars
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nyman, Charlott
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    On the other side of couplehood: single women in Sweden exploring life without a partner2013In: Families, Relationships and Societies, ISSN 2046-7435, E-ISSN 2046-7443, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 61-78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article describes Swedish women’s experiences of life as single. Data showed that singlehood was not actively chosen but rather a situation that participants ended up in due to separation from a partner. However, once single, participants chose to remain single. The lack of gender equality in traditional cohabiting couplehood made participants wary about entering a new cohabiting couple relationship. Living apart together (LAT) relationships were identified  as a possible way to combine gender-equal intimacy with personal freedom and independence. Data suggested that the increased number of single women may not necessarily point to an increased desirability of singleness per se, nor to a rejection of coupled intimacy. Singlehood was rather a rejection of the limitations associated with cohabiting couplehood. The article highlights the importance of the Swedish welfare state for making it possible for women toremain single, even those with dependent children.

  • 126.
    Fahlgren, Siv
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Det sociala livets drama och dess manus: diskursanalys, kön och sociala avvikelser1999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We are the eyes of our discourses. This is the point of departure. The disourses make us see, think, talk, act. be and move in certain ways. They contribute to forming our bodies, our souls, our genders. Therefore, to consider how such discourses are ordered becomes an important project. How is the manuscript of the social drama written? How is meaning constructed in our lives? What effects may the construction of meaning have? The ensuing research assignment will be to design a discourse analysis which is justifiable from the perspectives of gender theory and ethics and which can function as a research strategy, and to apply that discourse analysis to three areas or texts: a traditional social science text, texts from the contemporary discussion about gender theory, and a story of my own from social work with children.

    First, a frame centered around the philosophy of language and the theory of knowledge is constructed to encircle the discourse analysis as a research strategy, and then the analysis is described out of an example. The first application—to a classic, sociological text—clearly illus­trates how a disourse analysis can be made, and it also demonstrates how gendered meanings can be constituted and discursively reproduced in social science texts as well as what potential effects the constitution of meaning can have. This application makes up an illustration of how gender differences are constructed and naturalised in a concurrence of discourse and practice.

    The second application is a discursive reading of the contemporary discussion about gender theory and its various gendered meanings and varying effects. Here I posit my own view of gender/sex in relation to that discussion. Both in scholarly work and in everyday life there are discursive controversies about which gendered meaning to naturalise, about which drama to enact, about which manuscript to use. The discourse analysis can visualise such controversies.

    In the third application of the discourse analysis, the relation between discourse and practice is focused. It concerns social work with children and departs from my own story about a child who is taken into custody. In the analysis, social work is described as paradoxical and contra­dictory, a discipline whose governing purpose is the maintenance and administration of central social values and orders like class, gender, and ethnicity (here focused on gender).

    The discourse analysis in the three applications opens up opportunities for a discussion and an ethical reflection about how discursive constitutions are made and what effects they have. Contrarily, the analysis also demonstrates what discursive constitutions aggravate or silence in reference to other approaches or modes of expression, and consequential forms of social practices, relations, life styles, and ways of life.

  • 127.
    Foka, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Gender subversion and the early Christian East: reconstructing the Byzantine comic mine2015In: Laughter, humor, and the (un)making of gender: historical and cultural perspectives / [ed] Anna Foka and Jonas Liliequist, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, p. 66-83Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 128.
    Foka, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Introduction: Part I : Laughter, humor, and misogyny : reconsiderations and new perspectives2015In: Laughter, humor, and the (un)making of gender: historical and cultural perspectives / [ed] Anna Foka and Jonas Liliequist, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, p. 7-12Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 129.
    Foka, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Arvidsson, Viktor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Digital gender: a manifesto: report on the research workshop: digital gender: theory, methodology, and practice2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    While early day Internet research often hailed “Cyberspace” as an arena where individuals would be liberated from the social shackles of their biological gender, a growing body of research makes evident the exaggerations present within these romanticized claims. Though the online gender divide is rapidly eroding, the Internet remains rooted in society at large. While digital technologies can challenge normative views, they therefore often maintain status quo. Consequently, there is a need to revisit old claims and challenge traditional notions of ”Digital Gender”. In this vein, this manifesto reports and synthesizes findings and discussions from an international workshop titled ”Digital Gender: Theory, Methodology and Practice”, held at Umeå University, Sweden, in early 2014. Against this backdrop, we chart out a new agenda for research on how the digital intermingle with the social in the production of gender. In particular, we argue that scholars must move past the idea of Internet as a separate – virtual – realm and direct attention to the increasingly complex ways that digital technologies permeate social practices, altering the very fabric of society itself. On the one hand, we stress the need for research that focuses on how particular Internet technologies help maintain as well as challenge normative views of gender. On the other hand, we stress the need to uncover how particular material properties of digital technology affect the (un)making of such views. Overall, we also stress the need for scholars of gender to move beyond binary oppositions and to be appreciative of intersectionality in their analyses of digital gender construction.

  • 130.
    Foka, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Liliequist, JonasUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Laughter, humor and the (un)making of gender: historical and cultural perspectives2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A fresh look at longstanding questions, across a temporal range (classical antiquity to the early modern) and a geographical range (Asia to Europe, Islam to Christendom). The optimistic investigators find gender subversion, women's agency, and men's self-criticism in comic forms from high (Homer) to low (folklore, burlesque, jokes, cartoons), imagining a complex audience.

    Humor is the tendency of particular cognitive experiences to provoke laughter and provide amusement. Throughout history, it has played a crucial role in defining gender roles and identities. This collection offers an in-depth thematic examination of this relationship between humor and gender, spanning a variety of historical and cultural backdrops. Bringing together a medley of case studies diachronically and across cultures, the book examines gendered humorous expressions from classical antiquity to the late eighteenth century and across visual culture, literature and performance in both European and Asian premodern contexts.

  • 131.
    Formark, Bodil
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Fältanteckningar om magasinerade flickminnen och ett ambivalent tjejblivande2013In: Finsk tidskrift : kultur, ekonomi, politik, ISSN 0015-248X, no 7/8, p. 33-41Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 132.
    Formark, Bodil
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Jösses flickor, vilket trassel!: Historiska reflektioner kring flickforskningens uppgift i en flickfrämjande och postfeministisk tid2013In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, no 2-3, p. 7-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Oh Boy Girls, What a Tangle! Historical Reflections on the Value of Girlhood Studies in a Girl-Friendly and Post-Feminist Time

    Using the recent establishment of the International Day of the Girl Child as an analytical departure point this article addresses three different but intertwined challenges which Girlhood Studies are facing in relation to the contemporary construction of the girl as an important agent for social change. The construction of a historically significant girl represents a significant historical change, which requires further historical analysis and reflection. Seeking to untangle this temporal problem the article first discusses a number of problematic implications caused by the historiographical emphasis of the “invisibility of girls” within the research field. Furthermore, it discusses how this narrative of invisibility also has infused the ideals, norms and discourses among girlhood researchers. In the article I argue that this narrative represents a risk in relation to the current neo-liberal centering of the girl, as it might entail a tendency to approach all instances where the girl is noticed as a girl in an uncritical manner. The article then analyses how historians have framed the writing of the history of girls and girlhood. A project in which there seems to be an emancipatory ambition to affix a kind of eternal value to the girl, which can be viewed to be in correspondence with contemporary girl power discourses. The article thereafter discusses some historical aspects regarding the relationship between Girlhood Studies and Women’s and Gender Studies both in an international and in a Swedish context. I conclude the article by exemplifying how a more theoretical understanding of girls, girlhood and generation could be used as a framework in the investigation of the Nordic experience of forty years of gender equality politics.

  • 133.
    Formark, Bodil
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Spröda kvarlevor av växtvärk: Tori Amos besjungande av levd flickerfarenhet2013In: Flicktion: perspektiv på flickan i fiktionen / [ed] Eva Söderberg, Mia Österlund och Bodil Formark, Malmö: Universus Academic Press , 2013, p. 258-273Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 134.
    Formark, Bodil
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Mulari, HetaVoipio, Myry
    Nordic girlhoods: new perspectives and outlooks2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This edited collection is an interdisciplinary and dialogical endeavor focused on the field of Nordic Girlhood Studies. It investigates young femininity as well as the key themes and concepts of Girlhood Studies, including girl power, feminisms, femininity, gender equality, postfeminism and sexualities in the specific cultural, historical and political context of the Nordic region. The chapters of the book consist of thematic case studies, including memories of girl power in the Finnish context, gendered harassment experienced and explained by Finnish girls, troublesome girlhood within the Swedish context and girls’ subjectification projects in Nordic welfare state. Further, the case studies are accompanied by dialogical Outlook-essays, where researchers either outside Nordic region or from adjacent research fields reflect on Nordic Girlhood Studies through comparisons and reflections form their vantage point. The book will be of scholarly interest to researchers and students working especially on the fields of Girlhood Studies, Youth Studies, Gender Studies, Sociology and Cultural Studies both within the Nordic region and outside.

  • 135.
    Fors Connolly, Filip
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Goossen, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Hjerm, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Does Gender Equality Cause Gender Differences in Values?: Reassessing the Gender-Equality-Personality Paradox2019In: Sex Roles, ISSN 0360-0025, E-ISSN 1573-2762Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Gender-Equality-Personality Paradox (GEPP) is the finding that gender differences in personality are at their largest in the most gender equal countries. Previous known studies have not examined this relationship over time. Examining this linkage is crucial to our understanding of gender differences and personality development. In the present study, we contrast evolutionary perspectives predicting a gender divergence in personality due to progression in gender equality against biosocial perspectives predicting convergence. Using data from all eight rounds of the European Social Survey (n = 235,339) across 32 European countries, we report three findings. First, in accordance with the evolutionary perspective, country-level gender equality is positively associated with gender differences in basic human values. Second, in accordance with the biosocial perspective, we find evidence supporting gender convergence in basic human values. Third, contradicting both evolutionary and biosocial assumptions, we find no evidence that gender equality causes gender differences in values. We argue that there is a need to explore alternative explanations to the observed cross-sectional association between gender equality and personality differences, as well as gender convergence in personality over time.

  • 136.
    Forsberg, Jennie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, History and Theory of Art. The National Graduate School of Gender Studies.
    Museum Anna Nordlander: the museum and the image of an artist2007In: Present challenges in gender research / [ed] Åsa Andersson & Eva E. Johansson, Umeå: National School of Gender Research, Umeå University , 2007, p. 74-87Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the essay Jennie Forsberg shows how biographical writings have been used as legitimizing strategies by Museum Anna Nordlander, and how these writings at the same time risk becoming both historically problematic, and counterproductive to the ambitions of the museum.

  • 137.
    Forsberg, Ulla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Jämställdhetspedagogik: en sammanställning av aktionsforskningsprojekt1998Report (Other academic)
  • 138.
    Forssén, Annika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Feminism och medicinsk vetenskap - en provokativ betraktelse2004In: Kropp och genus i medicinen / [ed] Birgitta Hovelius, Eva E Johansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2004, p. 87-95Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 139.
    Forssén, Annika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Klimakteriet och vetenskapen: en historia att lära av?2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 140.
    Forssén, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Carlstedt, Gunilla
    Feministisk forskning tydliggör att all forskning är politisk2000In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 97, no 47, p. 5477-5481Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article is a review of different trends and epistemologies in women’s studies/feminist research within the field of medicine. In the beginning of the 1980s, women’s studies entered the field of medicine in the Nordic countries. They are now a part of the feminist research that has been established within most sciences both nationally and internationally. The gender power relation and its impact on health - first of all women’s, but in extension also men’s - has been in focus. Moreover, science itself, its limits and possibilities, and the kind of knowledge it produces, is discussed. In this respect, feminist theory of science is a useful tool.

  • 141.
    Fredriksson, Ulf
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Taube, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Läsning, läsvanor och läsundersökningar2012Book (Other academic)
  • 142.
    Frändå, Linnea
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    "They teach us to hate each other": A Study on Social Impediments for Peace-Building Interaction Between Young Cypriot Women2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The yet unresolved interethnic conflict on the island of Cyprus known as the ‘Cyprus Problem’is one of the longest persisting conflicts in the world stretching over five decades. The conflictis between the Greek-Cypriots and Turkish-Cypriots and has consequently divided the Islandinto a Greek-Cypriot administrated southern part, and a Turkish-Cypriot administrated northernpart. Despite the opening of the borders in 2003, which granted permission to cross over to eachside, studies show that the peace-building interaction between the younger generations remainslimited. Through in-depth interviews with ten young Cypriot women, the thesis analyses socialfactors impeding the interaction across the divide and provide an understanding of the women’sperception of peace in Cyprus. The politicisation of the construction of belonging continues todisconnect the women from a shared Cypriot identity and hence impedes interaction across thedivide. Further, the context of the negotiations has created a stalemate on peace-buildinginteraction for many of the women and had a negative impact on their views on politics ingeneral. The study reaffirms that women’s political involvement is essential to bring aboutpeace and reconciliation in Cyprus.

  • 143.
    Färnström, Nelly
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Görandet av det genusvetenskapliga syftet: En kvalitativ analys av genusvetenskapliga institutioners sätt att marknadsföra ämnet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines Swedish education institutions and their ways of marketing gender studieson their websites to future students. The purpose was to analyze how the political and scientificambitions of the field are affected by the way it is presented to attract students. The materialcontains of the informative texts from all Swedish institutions that offer gender studies on ahigh education level and the method that was used was discourse analysis inspired by the ideasof Michel Foucault. The essay also describes how feminist activism has affected the genderstudies field historically and the study leans on scientific theories by Ruth Hubbard andThomas Kuhn. It also renders from political theories by Chantal Mouffe. The study shows thatthe way gender studies are presented is highly influenced by neoliberal ideas and the society’svaluing of education that will lead to concrete possibilities of employment for the student. Thisis in conflict with ideas within the gender studies field that lean on a critical perspectivetowards the society and how structural power relation’s work. The gender studies student isconstructed as a person with an interest in gender equality issues and an urge to learn moreabout the way power works in the society as a whole as well as within themselves.

  • 144.
    Gilenstam, Kajsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Gender and physiology in ice hockey: a multidimensional study2009Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background That men are prioritised over women has been called the “gender regime in sport”, and has in part been explained by the gender difference in performance. However, gender differences in physical performance between women and men can be debated to depend on how comparisons are made and on the fact that there are many different confounders that may influence the results. Even if attempts are made to overcome this and the groups of women and men are stated to be matched, there are still often differences in training experience in years, or differences in training load. Women tend to have less experience in ice hockey in relation to age and differences in training conditions have also been reported. The aim of this thesis was to investigate how female and male ice hockey players position themselves in their sport and to visualise the interactions between society and biology that may affect performance.

    Theoretical approach and methods Harding’s three perspectives (Symbolic, Structural and Individual) were applied on information from team administration as well as on results from questionnaires, semi-structured interviews, and tests of puck velocity, anthropometrics, body composition, isokinetic muscle strength, ergospirometry and on-ice tests from female and male ice hockey players.

    Results Vast differences in structural conditions were found, for example in hockey history and in the financial situation within the teams and both women and men were aware of the gender differences in structural conditions. However these differences were not even considered when comparisons of the ice hockey performance of women and men were made. Nine out of ten female players increased puck velocity when a more flexible stick and a lighter puck were used thus indicating that poorly adjusted equipment may affect performance. Male ice hockey players were taller, heavier and stronger, had more lean body mass and a higher aerobic capacity compared to the women in absolute values as well as in relation to body weight. However, the differences diminished or disappeared when the values were expressed in relation to lean body mass. Men had higher expectations on their situation as athletes and the interviewed women described men’s ice hockey as superior to theirs and consequently male ice hockey players deserved better conditions.

    Conclusions The views of women and men may affect structural conditions in sport which in turn may affect possibilities in sport for the individual. Gender differences in conditions thus risk confirming the traditional views of femininity and masculinity. However, by moving outside the normal gender boundaries individuals may change the traditional views of femininity and masculinity.

  • 145.
    Gilenstam, Kajsa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Henriksson-Larsén, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine.
    Gendered expectations and structural conditions in ice hockeyIn: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, ISSN 0270-1367, E-ISSN 2168-3824Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using player questionnaires (72 women, 42 men) and club staff interviews, this paper provides an analysis of the effect of structural conditions on expectations of support and hindrance. In spite of large structural conditions women and men rated similar levels of support and hindrance. Yet, both women and men believed that the situation in sport was better for men. The adult women’s lower expectations may be an indication of their awareness of their lower status within their sport. When comparisons are made between women and men in sport it is important to consider that gender operates at different levels and may affect conditions as well as expectations

  • 146.
    Gilenstam, Kajsa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Henriksson-Larsén, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine.
    Gender in ice hockey: women in a male territory2008In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 235-249Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates how female ice hockey players describe and explain their situation within as well as outside their sport. Information was obtained by semi-structured interviews with female ice hockey players. The results were analyzed in a gender perspective where the main starting point was the concepts of different levels of power relations in society developed by Harding and applied to sports by Kolnes (the symbolic, structural and individual level). The study shows that the players appeared to share the traditional views of men and women. They also described gender differences in terms of financial and structural conditions as well as differences in ice hockey history. Even though the players described structural inequalities, they were quite content with their situation and the differences in conditions were not considered when they explained the gender differences in ice hockey performance. On the individual level the players considered themselves different from other women and appeared to share the traditional views of femininity and masculinity.

    It has been suggested that performance of a sport traditionally associated with the other sex might alter the traditional view of men and women, however our results give little support to that suggestion.

  • 147.
    Gilenstam, Kajsa M.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Thorsen, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine.
    Henriksson-Larsén, Karin B.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine.
    Physiological Correlates of Skating Performance in Women's and Men's Ice Hockey2011In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, ISSN 1064-8011, E-ISSN 1533-4287, Vol. 25, no 8, p. 2133-2142Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the current investigation was to identify relationships between physiological off-ice tests and on-ice performance in female and male ice hockey players on a comparable competitive level. Eleven women, 24 ± 3.0 years, and 10 male ice hockey players, 23 ± 2.4 years, were tested for background variables: height, body weight (BW), ice hockey history, and lean body mass (LBM) and peak torque (PT) of the thigh muscles, [latin capital V with dot above]o2peak and aerobic performance (Onset of Blood Lactate Accumulation [OBLA], respiratory exchange ratio [RER1]) during an incremental bicycle ergometer test. Four different on-ice tests were used to measure ice skating performance. For women, skating time was positively correlated (p < 0.05) to BW and negatively correlated to LBM%, PT/BW, OBLA, RER 1, and [latin capital V with dot above]o2peak (ml O2·kg-1 BW-1·min-1) in the Speed test. Acceleration test was positively correlated to BW and negatively correlated to OBLA and RER 1. For men, correlation analysis revealed only 1 significant correlation where skating time was positively correlated to [latin capital V with dot above]o2peak (L O2·min-1) in the Acceleration test. The male group had significantly higher physiological test values in all variables (absolute and relative to BW) but not in relation to LBM. Selected off-ice tests predict skating performance for women but not for men. The group of women was significantly smaller and had a lower physiological performance than the group of men and were slower in the on-ice performance tests. However, gender differences in off-ice variables were reduced or disappeared when values were related to LBM, indicating a similar capacity of producing strength and aerobic power in female and male hockey players. Skating performance in female hockey players may be improved by increasing thigh muscle strength, oxygen uptake, and relative muscle mass.

  • 148.
    Gillving, Caroline
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Negotiating the boundaries of (in)dependent gendered aging2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish welfare society tend to idealize independent and active citizens, in turn pressuring people to care for themselves even when help is needed, a troublesome effect of neo-liberal tendencies that needs to be acknowledged. The purpose with this thesis is therefor to scrutinize the intersection of age and gender through the subjective experience of aging, as an alternative to homogenous representations of “elderly” as a gender-neutral group, concealing the unequal and gendered dimensions of aging. This is a micro-level study focusing on four women in the age of 78-90, as an attempt to explore how delimitations of aging are negotiated and (in)dependency upheld through informal strategies. The analyse illustrates that aging is gendered, further suggesting that it is crucial to not neglect and overlook the important supportive care that women in upper ages provide for themselves and others, in an everyday context.

  • 149.
    Goicolea, Isabel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Coe, Anna-Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Easy to Oppose, Difficult to Propose: Young Activist Men's Framing of Alternative Masculinities under the Hegemony of Machismo in Ecuador2014In: Young - Nordic Journal of Youth Research, ISSN 1103-3088, E-ISSN 1741-3222, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 399-419Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Debates are ongoing on whether man can engage in gender change and challenge hegemonic masculinities. The study aimed to analyze in what ways young Ecuadorian mencurrently or recently involved in activism to advance gender equality and reproductive rightsdefined different masculinities, hegemonic and alternative. We used Grounded Theory to collect and analyze three focus group discussions and 15 individual interviews with 30 young activist men in Ecuador. A core category captured the process of defining masculinities: Moving from passive acceptance of machismo to critical reflection and action' that in turn linked to three theoretical categories: Opposing machismo', From machos to men', and Inspiring opposition to machismo'. We drew upon framing theory in social movement studies to interpret the findings and thereby enhance the theory of hegemonic masculinity. Young activist men successfully framed the problem and motives for collective mobilization, but they wavered when it came to framing solutions.

  • 150.
    Goicolea, Isabel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Salazar Torres, Mariano
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Morras, Ione
    Medicus Mundi Gipuzkoa, San Sebastian, Spain.
    Edin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Condemning violence without rejecting sexism?: Exploring how young men understand intimate partner violence in Ecuador2012In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 5, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This study aims to explore young men's understanding of intimate partner violence (IPV) in Ecuador, examining similarities and differences between how ordinary and activist young men conceptualize IPV against women. Methods: We conducted individual interviews and focus group discussions (FGDs) with 35 young men - five FGDs and five interviews with ordinary young men, and 11 interviews with activists - and analysed the data generated using qualitative content analysis. Results: Among the ordinary young men the theme 'too much gender equality leads to IPV' emerged, while among the activists the theme 'gender inequality is the root of IPV'. Although both groups in our study rejected IPV, their positions differed, and we claim that this is relevant. While activists considered IPV as rooted in gender inequality, ordinary young men understood it as a response to the conflicts generated by increasing gender equality and women's attempts to gain autonomy.

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