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  • 101. Bak, Krzysztof
    What is Hidden in Västerbotten’s Stomach?: On Augustine and Torgny Lindgren’s Minnen 2014In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 91-142Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article investigates the complex intertextual dialogue between Torgny Lindgren’s Minnen (2010) and Augustine’s Confessions, from which Lindgren has taken the motto of his autobiography. By using the patristic intertext as a starting point, the investigation intends to show how Lindgren has constructed his image of Västerbotten. The article is divided into four parts. The first part (I), establishes the heuristic principles of the investigation, which adhere to the recent tendency in patristic studies to observe the heterogeneous character of Augustine’s world of thought. The second part of the article (II) charts parallels between text and intertext in their portrayal of grace, evil, and man. It emerges that those elements of Lindgren’s world view which are particularly closely related to Augustinian theology are also the ones that possess a particularly strong Västerbottnian character. This intertextual affinity can be explained not only with reference to the Lutheran tradition of Västerbotten, but also has to be related to the text’s specific structure of memoria, which is unravelled in the remaining parts (III– IV). On the basis of modern cultural anthropological theories of memory, the third part demonstrates that most of the differences between text and intertext can be linked to the cultural memory of modernity, and document the rise and fall of industrial subjectivity. Lindgren embeds his autobiographical version of Västerbotten into the basic structure of modern memory, transforms it into a quasi-subject, and taints it with the symptoms of decay that plague the industrial ‘I.’ In the same as Western modernity, Minnen draws the majority of its metaphors of dissolution from Augustine’s paradigmatic doctrine of sin. The fourth part of the article (IV) aims to analyse the autobiography’s mechanisms of substitution. It is argued that these attempt—in analogy to many Western critics of modernity—to counteract the crisis of industrial cultural memory by reviving the Augustinian forms of memoria and creating a synthesis of pre-industrial and industrial. Within the quasi-subject of Västerbotten and its wealth of agrarian objects, Lindgren finds adequate metaphorical models for use in his compensatory project of counter-memory. The article concludes by observing that, just as Minnen’s productive dialogue with Augustine allows it to recapitulate the history of Western memory, Lindgren’s Västerbotten is elevated to the status of a universal symbol of European consciousness and its fate.

  • 102. Ballard, Kirrie J.
    et al.
    Djaja, Danica
    Arciuli, Joanne
    James, Deborah G. H.
    van Doorn, Jan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Speech and Language Therapy.
    Developmental Trajectory for Production of Prosody: Lexical Stress Contrastivity in Children Ages 3 to 7 Years and in Adults2012In: Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, ISSN 1092-4388, E-ISSN 1558-9102, Vol. 55, no 6, p. 1822-1835Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Accurate production of lexical stress within English polysyllabic words is critical for intelligibility and is affected in many speech-language disorders. However, models of speech production remain underspecified with regard to lexical stress. In this study, the authors report a large-scale acoustic investigation of lexical stress production in typically developing Australian English-speaking children ages 3-7 years (n = 73) compared with young adults (n = 24).

    Method: Participants named pictures of highly familiar strong-weak and weak-strong polysyllabic words. Of 388 productions, 325 met criteria for acoustic measurement. Relative vowel duration, peak intensity, and peak f(0) over the first two syllables were measured.

    Result: Lexical stress was marked consistently by duration and intensity but not f(0). Lexical stress on strong-weak words was adultlike by 3 years. All 3 measures showed significant differences between adults and children for weak-strong words still present at 7 years.

    Conclusion: Our findings suggest that protracted development of weak-strong stress production reflects physiological constraints on producing short articulatory durations and rising intensity contours. Findings validate treatment that is centered on strong-weak stress production for children >= 3 years with dysprosody. Although intervention for the production of weak-strong words may be initiated before age 7 years, reference to normative acoustic data is preferable to relying on perceptual judgments of accuracy.

  • 103. Balzamo, Elena
    The Geopolitical Laplander: From Olaus Magnus to Johannes Schefferus2014In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 29-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    After being either completely ignored or mixed up with monsters and devils, which in the medieval imagination dwelled in the Extreme North, the Sami were suddenly brought into the limelight by Olaus Magnus (1492–1557), Swedish catholic bishop in exile. His Carta marina (1539) and Historia de gentibus septentrionalibus (1555) contain most valuable information, depicting the Sami’s natural virtues, practical skills and mysterious magic powers. The image provided by these works became widely spread in Europe thanks both to the reprints of the Latin originals and to the numerous translations. In the seventeenth century the theme was re-actualized by a new publication, entirely devoted to Lapland and its inhabitants: Lapponia (1673) by Johannes Schefferus (1621–1679). Translated into a number of languages it replaced the image created by Olaus Magnus with a new one, at the same time similar and different. The present paper examines some crucial points of this evolution in order to show that both “portraits” reflect motivations that go beyond purely scholarly interest: each of them is part of the ideological struggle of its time—the Reformation in one case, the conflicts brought to life by the Thirty Years’ War in the other.

  • 104.
    Banhold, Dominik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies. Dept German Linguist Wurzburg, Wurzburg, Germany ; Univ Bologna, Bologna, Italy ; Univ Santiago de Compostela, Santiago De Compostela, Spain.
    School Grammars and Language Guides: Prescriptivism in the German Language Codex in the Early 20th Century2017In: Prescription and Tradition in Language / [ed] Ingrid Tieken-Boon van Ostade, Carol Percy, Multilingual Matters, 2017, Vol. 165, p. 168-182Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 105.
    Banks, Anjella E
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Breaking the Silence: Feminist Perspectives on Power and Language in The Handmaid's Tale2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this essay is on the power that language has on the individual, the protagonist and anti-heroine of the novel, related to her use of language – her storytelling. How does she resist and break through the oppressive linguistic, psychic and social prohibitions of systematized discourse through her narrative?  The essay, exploring the protagonist’s relationship to language, attempts to explain the way power works, and how language makes this possible. The protagonist's story is analyzed using various feminist ideas on the female voice.  Through a close reading of the novel, this essay tries out a theoretical account by which the protagonist of the novel comes to internalize the suppression and restriction of her speech and thereafter overcomes the taboo of Handmaid speech, focusing on how the first-person narrator delivers her story.

  • 106.
    Bannert, Robert
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Minimizing Foreign Accent in Multiple Language Learning (MiFA).2004In: Fonetik 2004, The XVIIth Swedish Phonetics Conference, Stockholm: Stockholm University, 2004, p. 128-131Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The teaching of a foreign language to adultsvery often lacks appropriate assistance for thelearning of pronunciation. Insights into thelearning processes are necessary in order to beable to design a special learning programme.The project aims at investigating theseprocesses for university students engaged inbeginner level courses of German in Swedenand of Swedish in the German speakingcountries in the context of multiple languagelearning. Both languages are linguisticallyclosely related to each other, especially wherephonology is concerned. A typical foreignaccent very often hampers smoothcommunication. Therefore minimizing theforeign accent appears to be a challenge,especially when these two kindred languagesare concerned.The project research will be carried out asa longitudinal study. Various kinds of speechmaterial will be recorded at certain intervals,digitalized and collected in the database MiFA,analysed and labelled for cross searching. Ourresults will add new knowledge and insightsinto the learning of pronunciation of twokindred languages in the context of multiplelanguage learning. A large quantity of data willallow for a quantitative evaluation of differenthypotheses, foremost the role of the first andthe second language.

  • 107.
    Bardeau, Christian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    « La langue d'och »: Stratégie de traduction de la conjonction de coordination « och » en français.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 108.
    Bardeau, Christian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    « À cœur vaillant rien d’impossible »: Métaphores et métonymies – Étude sémantique cognitive des occurrences du mot « cœur » en contexte.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 109.
    Barrett, James
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Developing your social media practice2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 110.
    Barrett, James
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Frankenstein’s Monster Comes Home: The ‘Two Cultures’ in Remix2013In: Authorship, ISSN 2034-4643, Vol. 2, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Frankenstein or the Modern Prometheus by Mary Shelley (1818) is the starting point for this reading of remix in relation to authorship and its implications for creative work. The monster in Frankenstein has no single author, or father, and is damned by his mixed parentage as much as by his inability to recreate himself. Alone, he falls into the waste as a product of the divide between poetry and science. The ‘two cultures’ coined by C. P. Snow (1956) address this same divide and lament its dominance in mid twentieth-century intellectual life. But contemporary remix culture that relies on digital media closes this gap as poets now write code and artists are technicians. In my close reading of five remixes I show that origin is no longer relevant in the mixed material realization of processes that are performed or ‘re-authored’ in reception. In these remixes the creator reinterprets by changing the context of remixed elements in the works. The result is textual hybrids that are remixed further in reception.

  • 111.
    Barrett, James
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Narratives of Creation and Space:: Pilgrimage, Aboriginal and Digital2008In: Format, ISSN 0867-2555, no 55, p. 18-19Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    I approach digital media via brief examinations of spatial and narrative discourse networks not often associated with the digital. This approach is meant to suggest that digital media is a product and a producer of a dynamic realignment of cultural assumptions globally, such as what is considered to be 'narrative'. The cultural fields I discuss in relation to digital media are the performance of pilgrimage and some of the story telling systems of the Australian Aboriginal nations. In relation to pilgrimage the 9th century Buddhist stupa of Borobudur on the Indonesian island of Java is examined as an example of a spatial hypermediation that immerses the pilgrim in a story manifest through interactions. The Aboriginal story systems examined move across media forms (spoken word, song, body paint, sculpture, bark painting) to present a participatory narrative grounded in culturally specific understandings of space and place.

    My use of the term 'digital' refers to media systems that rely on digital technologies. The major features of digital technologies relevant here is the effectiveness of the technology at constructing spatial relations in representations and the demand of the direct participation of the users as co-creators of what is represented.

     

  • 112.
    Barrett, James
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Rhetoric of the Holy in the Online Virtual Environment of Second Life2010In: Changing societies – values, religions, and education: A selection of papers from a conference at Umeå University, June 2009 / [ed] Karin Sporre and Gudrun Svedberg, Umeå: Umeå School of Education , 2010, no 7, p. 19-24Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses three examples of rhetorical holiness from the online virtual world of Second Life. The rhetorical holiness is compared to the representation of beliefs and practices in physical settings. By examining representation of the holy in Second Life it is possible to discuss the shift from older to new media forms in established and therefore comparative contexts. How these movements reflect and affect practices and beliefs is argued as highlighting networks of power and meaning.

  • 113.
    Barrett, James
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    The Ergodic revisited: spatiality as a governing principle of digital literature2015Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation examines the role of the spatial in four works of digital interactive literature. These works are Dreamaphage by Jason Nelson (2003), Last Meal Requested by Sachiko Hayashi (2003), Façade by Michael Mateas and Andrew Stern (2005) and Egypt: The Book of Going Forth by Day by M. D. Coverley (2006). The study employs an original analytical method based on close reading and spatial analysis, which combines narrative, design and interaction theories. The resulting critique argues that the spatial components of the digital works define reader interaction and the narratives that result from it. This is one of very few in-depth studies grounded in the close reading of the spatial in digital interactive literature.

    Over five chapters, the dissertation analyzes the four digital works according to three common areas. Firstly, the prefaces, design and addressivity are present in each. Secondly, each of the works relies on the spatial for both interaction and the meanings that result. Thirdly, the anticipation of responses from a reader is evaluated within the interactive properties of each work. This anticipation is coordinated across the written text, moving and still images, representations of places, characters, audio and navigable spaces. The similar divisions of form, the role of the spatial and the anticipation of responses provide the basic structure for analysis. As a result, the analytical chapters open with an investigation of the prefaces, move on to the design and conclude with how the spaces of the digital works can be addressive or anticipate responses. In each chapter representations of space and representational space are described in relation to the influence they have upon the potentials for reader interaction as spatial practice. This interaction includes interpretation, as well as those elements associated with the ergodic, or the effort that defines the reception of the digital interactive texts.

    The opening chapter sets out the relevant theory related to space, interaction and narrative in digital literature. Chapter two presents the methodology for close reading the spatial components of the digital texts in relation to their role in interaction and narrative development. Chapter three assesses the prefaces as paratextual thresholds to the digital works and how they set up the spaces for reader engagement. The next chapter takes up the design of the digital works and its part in the formation of space and how this controls interaction. The fifth chapter looks at the addressivity of the spatial and how it contributes to the possibilities for interaction and narrative. The dissertation argues for the dominance of the spatial as a factor within the formation of narrative through interaction in digital literature, with implications across contemporary storytelling and narrative theory.

  • 114.
    Barrett, James
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Virtual worlds, machinima and cooperation over borders2013In: Sens Public: International Web Journal, ISSN 2104-3272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cooperation over borders between individuals and groups is possible using online three-dimensional virtual worlds. This cooperation occurs in the production of art, research, teaching and learning, and performance as well as in building social, professional and personal contexts. The borders that are crossed can be geopolitical, generational, spatial and embodied. In order to maintain coherence for people to meet, talk, build, write, perform and exchange in virtual worlds, a sense and understanding of place is required. Such human activities as meeting are reliant on a shared space and place. This chapter integrates the idea of sharing places in examples of how virtual worlds can provide common spaces and places from a series of projects involving art, documentation, teaching and communication. By using examples of one artist’s project and several machinima – videos made using screen-capture software on computers, to film places and avatar actors in virtual worlds – I argue these virtual worlds can enable cooperation over a variety of borders through sharing.

  • 115.
    Baudou, Evert
    Umeå University.
    Luleälvsprojektet och den tvärvetenskapliga forskningen1997In: Kulturgräns norr: förändringsprocesser i tid och rum. Presentation av forskningsprogram jämte en uppsats om tvärvetenskap / [ed] Lars-Erik Edlund, Umeå: Forskningsprogrammet Kulturgräns norr , 1997, Vol. S. 30-50, p. 30-50Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 116.
    Beden, Nadja
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Body and Mind: A Phenomenological and Corporeal Approach to J. M. Coetzee’s Characters in Waiting for the Barbarians and In the Heart of the Country 2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 117.
    Belancic, Kristina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Eva, Lindgren
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Discourses of functional bilingualism in the Sami curriculum in Sweden2017In: International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, ISSN 1367-0050, E-ISSN 1747-7522Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sami are Indigenous languages spoken by the Sami people in the northern parts of Scandinavia and Russia. All Sami languages are endangered because of historically aggressive assimilation policies. Currently Sami communities are working actively with language revitalisation processes. This article examines pupils’ access to knowledge in and about Sami languages and functional bilingualism in Sami and Swedish within the curriculum for the Sami schools in Sweden. Through a multifaceted lens of functional linguistic analysis, Bloom’s revised taxonomy of knowledge types and processes, and Bernstein’s concepts of vertical and horizontal discourse we examine the learning outcomes in the Sami and Swedish syllabi. The findings show an unequal balance between the two languages with the Sami syllabus containing fewer knowledge types, cognitive processes, verb processes, a stronger focus on oracy, and a stronger horizontal discourse than the Swedish syllabus. We conclude that the discourses about functional bilingualism that underpin these policy documents is contradictory and does not support Sami to be a fully functional language for all domains of society.

  • 118.
    Belancic, Kristina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Lindgren, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Outakoski, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Westum, Asbjørg
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Sullivan, Kirk
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Nordsamiska i och utanför skolan: språkanvändning och attityder2017In: Samisk kamp: kulturförmedling och rättviserörelse / [ed] Marianne Liliequist och Coppélie Cocq, Umeå: Bokförlaget h:ström - Text & Kultur, 2017, p. 252-279Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 119.
    Bell, David
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    Ardent propaganda: miner's novels and class conflict, 1929-19391995Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study of the contribution of working-class fiction to the debate on class conflict in Britain is based on four novels written by two ex-miners between 1929 and 1939: The Gate of a Strange Field (1929) and Last Cage Down (1935), by Harold Heslop, and Cwmardy (1937) and We Live (1939), by Lewis Jones. These novels represent, in work­ing-class fiction, a unique combination of an archetypal working-class occupation, min­ing, with central features of the 1930s cultural discourse, the role of political ideology in literature.

    This study takes as its starting point the perception of these novels as having a spe­cifically communicative function in the social and cultural context of the 1930s. It recognises their role in articulating the radical voice of the miner in the conflict of inter­ests between capital and labour as exemplified by the coal industry. I also argue that the novels are influenced by the polarised discourse of British social and cultural life in this period. Cultural context is not seen simply as a reflection of 1930s attitudes and ideas, but also in relation to a tradition of working-class and miners' fiction that appropriates accepted literary forms for specific needs, in this case, the articulation of miners' griev­ances in the 1930s, seen in terms of class conflict. This conjuncture of historical and contemporary cultural discourses acts as the organising principle of the first part of this study.

    The four novels are analysed in terms of a sub-genre classification of the realist novel: the roman à thèse. This approach facilitates an analysis focusing on the deter­mining influence of ideology as a totalising concept affecting the structure, content and message of these novels. I argue that the prime purpose of these novels is to constrain interpretation to a desired outcome, as represented by the doctrine inherent in the text. Two types of roman à thèse are distinguished: the apprenticeship, which builds on the precepts of the Bildungsroman, and the confrontational, which is non-transformational, depicting scenes of class conflict. The apprenticeship model consists of two types of exemplary narrative: positive and negative. This study demonstrates that, by applying the analytical model of a positive apprenticeship to Cwmardy, the narrative structures of the novel limit the potential for interpretation to the doctrinal assumptions underlying the text. The reader is expected to identify with the class-conscious insights gained by the hero. The Gate of a Strange Field, in contrast, acts as a cautionary tale, illustrating the consequences of embracing a false doctrine. Both We Live and Last Cage Down are considered as novels of confrontation in which the primary conflict between capital and labour is modified by a secondary conflict within labour on the question of ways and means of achieving a socialist society.

    The conclusion reached is that these novels can only be understood in relation to the polarised social and cultural attitudes of the 1930s, and in relation to their place in a history of miners' literature that appropriates literary forms to engage in a debate on the class nature of British society.

  • 120.
    Bentzen, Kristine
    et al.
    Universitetet i Tromsø.
    Anderssen, Merete
    Universitetet i Tromsø.
    Waldmann, Christian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Object shift in spoken mainland Scandinavian: a corpus study of Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish2013In: Nordic Journal of Linguistics, ISSN 0332-5865, E-ISSN 1502-4717, Vol. 36, no 2, Special Issue, p. 115-151Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent work on Object Shift (OS) suggests that this is not as uniform an operation as traditionally assumed. In this paper, we examine OS in the spontaneous speech of adults in large Danish, Norwegian and Swedish child language corpora in order to explore variation with respect to OS across these three languages. We evaluate our results against three recent strands of accounts of OS, namely a prosodic/phonological account, an account in terms of cognitiv status, and an account in terms of information structure. Our investigation shows that there is both withing-language and across-language variation in the application of OS, and that the three accounts can explain some of our data. However, all accounts are faced with challenges, especially when explaining exceptional cases.

  • 121.
    Bergdahl, Liv Saga
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Kärleken utan namn: Identitet och (o)synlighet i svenska lesbiska romaner2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to study representations of identity and (in)visibility in Swedish lesbian novels written in the 1930s, and to provide a summary of Swedish lesbian literature up to the early 21st century. This study has been done through a close reading primarily of Charlie by Margareta Suber (1932), Fröknarna von Pahlen by Agnes von Krusenstjerna (1930–1935) and Kris by Karin Boye (1934).

    Lesbian literature is discussed as a loose category, a construction which can be used as an analytical tool in a conscious and reflexive way, with its basis in the categories of author, text and reader. In short, I define lesbian literature as novels written by women, about lesbian figures and/or relationships, and for lesbian readers in the sense that the literature depicts lesbians from an insider’s perspective.

    As regards the period before 1930, the focus is on romantic friendship and the excitement zone when the romantic friendship becomes a sexual one, as seen in the fictitious case of Sin fars dotter (1920) by Lydia Wahlström.

    Sexological theories, the image of “the new woman” and changes to the law all colour the first half of the 20th century. This is seen in Charlie by Margareta Suber, where the author makes use of many such explanations in her creation of a lesbian figure.

    A reading of Fröknarna von Pahlen by Agnes von Krusenstjerna shows an intricate pattern of relationships at its heart. My analysis charts several same-sex couples, a lesbian single woman and two collectives; that is to say, the female collective and the male homosexual collective. The relationships between women are many-faceted and include everything from romantic friendship, kinship and sensualism to eroticism and shared parenthood.

    In my analysis of Kris by Karin Boye, I focus on Malin, the main character, and the development of her sense of identity, in which the struggle between the language of the world around her and her own emotional experience of love for a woman is a central theme.

    After the 1930s, the historical context changed in terms of everything from decriminalisation in 1944 via the homophobic panic of the 1950s to the impact of queer theory in the 1990s. Swedish lesbian literature addresses everything from crime of passion (murder) to the coming out process of young women.

    There exists in all novels from the 1930s an interplay that is (in)visible: the characters or lesbian relationships depicted are both visible and invisible at the same time. The characters are more or less aware of the potential risks attached to being visible as a lesbian, and often they do not notice themselves when this occurs. During the course of the 20th century, (in)visibility becomes replaced by openness and secrecy, and the visibility of the lesbian characters is politicised. 

  • 122.
    Bergenmar, Jenny
    et al.
    Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bertilsdotter Rosqvist, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lönngren, Ann-Sofie
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Autism and the Question of the Human2015In: Literature and medicine, ISSN 0278-9671, E-ISSN 1080-6571, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 202-221Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article explores how normative notions of emotions and interaction are active in constructions of the categories of “human” and “animal” in different discourses about autism: scientific and autobiographical. In the scientific discourse of autistic emotionality, a deficit perspective of autism is central. The general affective deficit discourse relies on normative discursive notions of “humanity” or “human emotionality.” Thus, neurotypicals are produced as real “humans” and neurotypical emotionality as “normal” human emotionality. This human normativity is challenged in the Swedish autobiographical texts by Gunilla Gerland (b. 1963), Iris Johansson (b. 1945) and Immanuel Brändemo (b. 1980). Along with American authors of autobiographies about autism, such as Temple Grandin’s Thinking in Pictures (1995) and Dawn Prince-Hughes’ Songs of the Gorilla Nation (2004) they destabilize the categories of “human” and “animal” by identifying with nonhuman animals, describing themselves as such, or feeling disqualified as real humans

  • 123.
    Berglund, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Comparative Literature and Scandinavian Languages.
    Segrarnas sorgsna eftersmak: Om autenticitetssträvan i Stig Larssons romaner2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    At the heart of this thesis are the Swedish author Stig Larsson’s novels: Autisterna (The Autistic, 1979), Nyår (New Year, 1984), Introduktion (Introduction, 1986) and Komedin I (The Comedy I, 1989). The purpose is to illuminate how certain central activities in the novels contribute strongly to the actual formation of these works. A part of this purpose is demonstrating that these central activities can be related to fundamental thinking in the writer’s authorship that concerns a struggle for authenticity. In terms of theory I connect principally to Jean-Pierre Richard’s thematic criticism. The purpose of the thesis, the theoretical considerations and a presentation of Stig Larsson form the first chapter.

    The second chapter discusses Larsson’s aesthetic points of departure, where a recurring striving after authenticity and change stand in focus. The chapter begins by placing Larsson’s authorship in relation to a late-modernistic literary tradition. Next it is emphasised that this authentic attitude often stands on a collision course with a harmonising and anti-modernistic view of literature, associated with György Lukács, which was common in Sweden in the 1970s when Larsson debuted as an author. The chapter ends with a rough description of the three most important elements of Larsson’s quest for authenticity: insignificant phenomena, everyday activities and painful experiences.

    The third chapter concerns the insignificant and minimal activities that are such a dominant element in Larsson’s novels. First comes an analysis of the ”small moments” observed during a train journey by the protagonist of Autisterna, and then a comparison is made with literary impressionism. The chapter then focuses on: the peripheral spatial dimension, the odd moments in time, the slow movement and, finally, ”the view of an uninterrupted nothing”. Given Larsson’s aversion to a harmonising and grandiose literature, these insignificant phenomena are a clear element in his struggle for authenticity.

    The everyday, the worthless and the ugly are the focus of the fourth chapter. The theme of everyday life is looked at from four different perspectives. The first concerns an ordinary everydayness (food preparation, watching TV and everyday games) and the second the literally worthless and ugly (rubbish and bodily fluids). The third perspective looks in detail at everyday language, and the performative character of dialogue in Larsson’s novels, and the fourth at relations to modern Swedish social developments since the 1960s.

    The fifth chapter looks at humiliation, violence and abuse in the novels. I argue throughout that Larsson chooses to touch on phenomena such as humiliation and violence because they show more authentically how real people behave towards each other in real life. Even the way in which these activities are portrayed can be related to ideas concerning authenticity. This is because Larsson generally chooses to portray both violence and humiliation visually and without comment.

    The thesis ends with a sixth chapter, which consists of a brief conclusion that shows how ideas concerning authenticity and change can also be related to four autobiographical prose works that Stig Larsson released between 1997 and 2000.

  • 124.
    Bergman, Catharina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Fängslande flexibilitet: En studie av den nya kapitalismens arbetare i Drömfabriken och Yarden2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie utforskas hur arbetet karakteriseras samt hur arbetarnas upplevelser skildras i de två arbetarromanerna Drömfabriken (2010) av Maria Hamberg och Yarden (2009) av Kristian Lundberg. Det som studeras är hur kropp, solidaritet och livsberättelse påverkas av kapitalismens kultur med särskilt fokus på de bemanningsföretagsanställda karaktärernas erfarenheter. I Drömfabriken, vars berättelse utspelar sig innan Yardens, skildras konsekvenserna av vinstmaximerande åtgärder på en bilfabrik. Att hyra in personal är en av de slutliga åtgärderna. I Yarden skildras hur tillvaron påverkas av att vara anställd av ett bemanningsföretag. Inom ramen för studien sker en viss jämförelse med exempel hämtade ur det tidiga 1900-talets arbetarlitteratur. Analysen har genomförts med hjälp av Richard Sennetts teorier om hur arbetare påverkas av den nya kapitalismens kultur. Även begrepp som respektabilitet, turist och vagabond har använts.

    Sammanfattningsvis visar undersökningen att kropp, solidaritet och livsberättelse tar skada av den fragmentariska och för arbetarna icke-påverkansbara situation de befinner sig i. Förhållandet till kroppen är komplext. Kroppen är en förutsättning för arbete, men den slits också av det. Studien visar även att solidariteten bland arbetare har försvagats över tid. Den återfinns dock till viss del i de studerade romanerna. Studien visar också att bemanningsföretagsanställda avpersonifieras i Drömfabriken och avhumaniseras i Yarden. Livsberättelse i form av utveckling och framgång på arbetsplatsen är inte tillgänglig för karaktärerna i Drömfabriken och Yarden. De arbets- och anställningsförhållanden som skildras har även en negativ inverkan på romankaraktärernas försök att skapa sin livsberättelse utanför arbetet.

    En slutsats som dras är att arbetarlitteratur, som ger en kritisk röst till dem med osäkra anställningar, fyller en viktig funktion som ställföreträdare för det kollektiv som inte kan formas till följd av rörlighet, kortsiktighet och få anställningsrättigheter.

  • 125. Bergman, Ingela
    et al.
    Edlund, Lars-Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Birkarlar and Sámi - inter-cultural contacts beyond state control: reconsidering the standing of external tradesmen (birkarlar) in medieval Sámi societies2016In: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, E-ISSN 1503-111X, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 52-80Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is not until the fourteenth century that written records offer a glimpse into the coastal societies of Northern Sweden. Records include references to a social stratum referred to as the birkarlar, who were tradesmen engaged in trading with the Sami. The origin of the birkarlar, their prominent status and the meaning of the term, is an enigma that has been much disputed among scholars although there is consensus about the economic and fiscal supremacy of birkarlar vis-a-vis the Sami. However, the paradox of tradesmen employing force against their most important circle of suppliers and customers remains a puzzle. The birkarla institution is analyzed by means of alternative reading of historical records from the perspective of the indigenous Sami and coastal farming communities. The postulated animosity between Sami and the birkarlar is critically examined in light of the social and economic context of interior and coastal communities during the Late Iron Age and Early Medieval period, and in relation to historically known Sami kinship relationships and marriage traditions. Data are analyzed with regard to demography and social structure, and from a landscape perspective including the logistics and practicalities of inter-cultural contact. Analyses corroborate that birkarlar were deeply rooted in the coastal communities and fully involved in the regular subsistence activities. They were representatives given a commission of trust and contacts between the birkarlar and the Sami were characterized by mutuality and inter-dependence.

  • 126. Bergman, Kerstin
    et al.
    Bäckström, PerClaesson, ChristianDahlberg, LeifForslid, TorbjörnFranzén, CarinCullhed, AnnaHelgesson, StefanHenrikson, PaulaIngvarsson, JonasJohansson, AndersJohansson, ChristerLindhé, CeciliaUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.Lysell, RolandMöller, HåkanNovén, BengtOrlov, JaninaSjöholm, CeciliaSundén, JennyUllén, Magnus
    Codex and Code: Aestethcis, Language and Politics in an Age of Digital Media, NORLIT 2009, Stockholm, August 6-9, 20092010Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The conference Codex and Code: Aesthetics, Language and Politics in an Age of Digital Media (NorLit 2009)was held at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) in Stockholm, August 6–9, 2009. The conference was organized by the Nordic Association for Comparative Literature (NorLit); the Department of Culture and Communication, Linköping University; the School of Computer Science and Communication, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH); the Department of Comparative Literature, Stockholm University; the Department of Culture and Communication, Södertörn University College; and the Department of Comparative Literature, Uppsala University.

        The aim of the conference was to develop the study of Comparative Literature through Nordic collaboration both in its own discipline and in Modern Language and Cultural studies. As the title for the conference suggests, the principal question for the conference was the challenge that the study of literature encounters in an age of digitalization and globalization. It was our aim to encourage discussion of how literary studies respond to the ongoing changes in media and technology, politics and economy. Many have argued that the Humanities currently are in a state of crisis. We believe that the discipline seldom has found itself in such an interesting and fruitful historical moment. Several of these questions have surfaced during earlier media system changes, in particular during Romanticism and Modernism, which provided the conference with an historical frame. The conference Codex and Code also addressed questions of authenticity and originality, identity and gender, literary genres and reading practices, media and materiality, culture and popular culture, language and history, world literature, work aesthetics, translations, and canon formation.

        The conference Codex and Code wanted to stimulate interdisciplinary scholarly research of the literary in a broad sense. The conference was open to scholars in Comparative Literature and in Classical and Modern Languages, Aesthetics, Media and Communication studies, Film and Theatre studies, Philosophy and adjacent disciplines. The conference was organized around a number of thematic sessions in which researchers and scholars presented and discussed papers.

        The conference has received generous financial support from the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation, Magnus Bergwall foundation, Granholms foundation, Linköping University, School of Computer Science and Communication, Royal Institute of Technology, Svenska litteratursällskapet; the Swedish Academy, Swedish Science Council, and Vitterhetsakademien.

  • 127.
    Bergström, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Brottet i dammen: En tematisk analys av Mikael Niemis roman Fallvatten ur ett ekokritiskt, ekofeministiskt och postkolonialt perspektiv2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    Our times of ecological disasters and climate crisis inspired the author Mikael Niemi to write the novel Fallvatten (2012). The narrative deals with what happens when a dam in a hydro-electric power plant bursts, and creates a tsunami-like flood. The purpose with my essay was to make a thematic analysis of this novel from an ecocritical, ecofeministic and postcolonial perspective. The genre and its importance for the themes and the shaping of the novel were also noticed in the essay. My questions were: Does the author use an ecocritical, ecofeministic and a postcolonial approach in the novel? If he does, how is that shaped in the narrative? Is the story adversarial to civilization and/or technology? Is Fallvatten an ironic novel? If it is, what is the irony about? What are the characteristics of the genre ecothriller, and why can the novel be placed in this genre? How does the genre influence the themes used and development of the story? By using the method of close-reading I have made a thematic analysis of the novel Fallvatten, with a theoretical frame of ecocriticism, ecofeminism and postcolionial theory. The results of the analysis demonstrated that this novel can be regarded as an ecocritical, ecofeministic and postcolonial “rewriting”. In the narrative nature is personified and depicted as an active agent who takes vengeance on humanity’s greed. The author is deconstructing dichotomies and stereotypes about the view of both gender and nature. He is also depicting the Sami cultural identity as hybrid and heterogeneous.  Fallvatten can be placed in the genre of ecothriller, because the environment is a premise for the story and it also includes an intense and increasing suspense. The genre has enabled the author to create a polyphonic and rhapsodic novel containing several protagonists with a variety of points of view. In the story, the protagonist´s personal problems get exposed, and forces of good and evil within them reveals, trough their encounter with the disaster. Fallvatten might be adversarial to civilization, but not to technology. In the story technology is depicted positively and it often seems to be indispensable. The narrative contains several Bible-references, which seems to be meant as a parody. But I don´t consider Fallvatten to be an ironic novel. Instead, I see it as a seriously meant story written with a sense of humor and with an ironical tone. I believe the author handles weighty subject matters in the novel with humor and irreverence because it works in a subversive way, with an ecocritical, ecofeministic and an anticolonial aim.

     

  • 128.
    Bergström, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Läsning som feber och passion: Om det kvinnliga subjektet som läsare i Madame Bovary, Vattenmelonen och Bridget Jones dagbok2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This papers purpose is to compare the female protagonist as a subject and reader in Madame Bovary, Watermelon and Bridget Jones´s diary. The aim is feministic, where Judith Butler’s concepts of subjectivity and performativity have been used besides the method of close reading. These novels are pioneering works of each genre; the realistic novel and chick lit. Emma Bovary loses her subjectivity and turns in to a passive object when she is desired and looked at by men. Instead dead objects gets animated, which produces an extremely objectifying portrait of Emma. This culminates with the depiction of her suicide. Surprisingly Emma’s position as a subject, if she ever has one, appears through her reading. The performativity of the texts gives her power and agency to try to change her life within the limits of the bourgeoisie marriage. The protagonists of Watermelon and Bridget Jones´s diary are two female subjects in a modern society, who loves reading. Despite their different opportunities to live fulfilling lives, as compared to Emma, they tend to objectify themselves in relationship to men. They also emphasize the importance of love and having a man in their life, which is according to the genre. Interpreted through Butler, an explanation could be that the power of submission not only sets the outer limits, it also influences our internal desires. These chick lit-novels also discuss literature and cultural hierarchy, where the protagonists tend to prefer popular literature. Watermelon also contains an opening for subversion, depicted by Claire’s achieved independency at the end of the novel, and through some gender-parodies. Most of all, these two chick lit-novels tend to reiterate and consolidate a traditional gender-order through their performativity, although ironizing over the same.

    Keywords: Reading, genre, realistic novel, chick lit, feminism, Judith Butler, subjectivity, performativity, Madame Bovary, Watermelon, Bridget Jones´s diary.

     

  • 129.
    Bergström, Ellen
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    ¿Y qué cree que no puedo?: La obra teatral El eterno femenino de Rosario Castellanos desde una perspectiva feminista.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay’s main goal is to analyse Rosario Castellanos’s play El eterno femenino, published in 1975. Castellanos was an essayist, a poet, and novelist and played an important role for the feminist movement in Mexico during her time. In her work, she presents a stereotyped image of the Mexican woman and her history. Using humour and irony, she creates a satire which plays with the myth of the eternal feminine and ridicule gender stereotypes. This literary analysis is based on a feminist perspective. By examining the work through its social and political context and putting it in dialogue with the feminist literary theories, the primary aim is to receive a better understanding of the importance of the work. Having in mind the historical context of the feminist movement of the 1960s and 1970s in Mexico and the modern feminist literary criticism which took off in the late 1960s, the investigation focuses on the relation between the play and the situation of the Mexican women and their position in society as well as the aspects of the understanding of gender historically. The results show us how the woman is presented, in the traditional roles of the Mexican society, as the virgin, the married woman, the mother and the housewife in a humoristic way. The connection between the work and the feminist wave in Mexico during the 1970s is seen through the protagonist Lupita who becomes aware of a historical and contemporary oppression. Castellanos creates a fictional universe where the woman can finally tell her own story. We discover the traditional role of women as well as their battle against it.

  • 130.
    Bergström, Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts. Department of English.
    Grammatical correctness and communicative ability: a performance analysis of the written and spoken English of Swedish learners1987Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Written and oral material produced by a group of low-achieving learners of English from the 2-year lines of the Swedish upper secondary school was analysed from the perspective of grammatical correctness and communicative ability. The grammatical analysis focussed on the verb phrase and tests included both free production in speech and writing and elicitation tests. Communicative ability was assessed ‘ ‘objectively* ’ by identifying such parameters as fluency, copiousness and span, and “holistically” by using non-expert evaluators.The scores thus obtained were correlated. Grammatical correctness was correlated with communicative ability both in speech and in writing and writing proficiency was correlated with speech proficiency with respect to both grammatical correctness and communicative ability.Our findings are that there is a positive correlation between grammatical correctness and communicative ability. A remarkable finding is that the percentage of correct verb phrases correlates very weakly with communicative ability in written data. In oral data, the correlation is in fact slightly negative. The learner’s competence in grammar is reflected in both his written and oral performance. On the other hand, there is no correlation between communicative ability in writing and communicative ability in speech.The study shows that a working command of a set of syntactic rules is essential for communication. Errors are, however, an integral part of the learning process. The major part of errors are accounted for by the learner’s use of compensatory strategies. Among these low-achievers, communicative ability in conversation is distinct from writing ability.

  • 131.
    Bernhardsson, Sebastian
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Rocha, Luis E C
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Minnhagen, Petter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Size dependent word frequencies and translational invariance of books2010In: Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, ISSN 0378-4371, E-ISSN 1873-2119, Vol. 389, no 2, p. 330-341Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is shown that a real novel shares many characteristic features with a null model in which the words are randomly distributed throughout the text. Such a common feature is a certain translational invariance of the text. Another is that the functional form of the word-frequency distribution of a novel depends on the length of the text in the same way as the null model.This means that an approximate power-law tail ascribed to the data will have an exponent which changes with the size of the text-section which is analyzed.A further consequence is that a novel cannot be described by text-evolution models like the Simon model.The size-transformation of a novel is found to be well described by a specific Random Book Transformation.This size transformation in addition enables a more precise determination of the functional form of the word-frequency distribution.The implications of the results are discussed.

  • 132.
    Bertils, Klara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Hen - ett könsneutralt pronomen på väg in i allmänspråket?: En studie av funktionen och spridningen av ordet hen i bloggar och tidningstexter2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här uppsatsen behandlas det könsneutrala pronomenet hen, som har debatterats livligt under 2012. Tidigare studier har visat att ordet främst är etablerat i hbtq- och feministkretsar och att det framför allt fyller en funktion i att problematisera kön. Uppsatsens syfte är att närmare beskriva betydelser och funktioner för ordet hen samt att undersöka huruvida ordet i dag förekommer i kontexter som inte är direkt knutna till feministisk eller hbtq-relaterad verksamhet.

    Uppsatsens teoridel behandlar feministisk språkteori och språkvårdsteori, främst enligt Cameron (1992) och Pauwels (1998; 2003). Här redogörs också för bakgrunden till ordet hen samt några av de queerteoretiska och skrivtekniska motiv som har anförts för att införa ett könsneutralt pronomen.

    I studien analyseras användningen av hen i 100 bloggtexter och 100 tidnings­texter, dvs. 200 belägg, från hösten 2012 utifrån morfosyntaktiska, funktionella och kontextuella perspek­tiv. Resultaten pekar på att hen i första hand används som personligt köns­neutralt pronomen för både generisk och unik referens samt för personer med en problem­atiserad köns­identitet. En ytterligare funktion är att hen kan fungera person­ifi­erande för djur, väsen och inanimata samt användas i överförd betydelse för att beteckna köns­neutralitet eller genusmedvetenhet. Resultaten tyder också på att hen används i tid­nings­texter och bloggar även utanför en uttalat feministisk och politisk kontext. Detta tolkar jag som att den starka politiska laddning som präglat hen börjar försvagas och att pronomenet rör sig mot en mer allmänspråkligt och neutral användning.

  • 133.
    Better, Monica Seittu
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    La causa de Chile es también nuestra: Un análisis crítico de un discurso de Olof Palme2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen undersöker sambandet mellan text, diskurs och social praktik i ett tal hållet av Olof Palme i september 1974 på Skånes partidistrikts Chilemöte. Studien undersöker även vilka strategier Palme använder i sitt tal och de vanligast förekommande teman. Metoden i arbetet är en kombination av Faircloughs kritiska diskursanalys och Hallidays systemiska funktionella grammatik. Textanalysprogrammet Lexicool användes för att se de mest använda orden i talet.

    Resultatet visar att Palmes tal inte var ett ordinärt politiskt tal, då han till största delen talar i första person plural och om “de” som inte är inkluderade. I politiska tal är det vanligt att man talar i egen person för att vinna röster. Dessutom används inte modalitetsmarkörer i någon större utsträckning, en väl vald strategi för att tala till Chiles folk i kris och för att visa avsky mot Pinochet och andra diktatorer. De mest förekommande teman är politik, demokrati och diktatur, som får sammanfatta talets syfte. Sambandet mellan text, diskurs och social praktik är solidaritet. Palmes sista uppmaning i sitt tal, på textnivå, är att alla ska visa Chile solidaritet. Palme talar även om andra länder i kris, andra länder som levt i diktaturer, vilket visar solidaritet på diskursnivå. Socialdemokratisk ideologi och historia har sin grund i solidaritet, vilket visar en länk mellan text, diskurs och social praktik.

  • 134.
    Bindler, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Umeå University Library.
    Olsson, Magnus
    Umeå University, Umeå University Library.
    No Writing Center is an Island: A Swedish Writing Center and its University Library Work Together2016In: Building Bridges through Academic Writing: Research, Policy, and Practice: Third International Conference on Academic Writing in Israel June 27-28, 2016, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Writing center tutors and librarians share in the goal of helping students with the recursive processes of writing and researching. Nevertheless, few writing centers that are located in university libraries work collaboratively, but rather simply share a location.

    Research from the US shows that collaboration can take different forms, and while some of these may be readily transferable to European university systems, some will be challenging to implement. Also, this research tends to originate from librarians rather than writing consultants (Ferer, 2012).

    Umea University is unusual in that it works collaboratively. Drawing on our experience, we will provide a Swedish university's perspective based on the collaboration between its Writing Centre and University Library. We explain how we work together to match students' writing and researching needs, the challenges in collaborating, and what future additional collaborations are possible. Finally, we raise the question, what more can we do to develop and maintain our collaboration?

    Discussing best practices can provide valuable information to better meet the new generation of students. Research, thinking and writing go hand in hand. Rather than compartmentalizing these processes, writing tutors and librarians can work together with students to help them navigate these intricately linked processes. Collecting this expertise into one location allows students more comprehensive support and convenient access: "one-stop shopping" (Cooke & Bledsoe, 2008).

    Writing centers and libraries can have an influence in the current reformation of higher education and should contribute to the discussion by promoting their strengths and sharing their respective knowledge (Elmborg, 2005). We hope to contribute to the conversation through our presentation.

  • 135.
    Bindler, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Umeå University Library.
    Vu, Mai Trang
    Umeå University, Umeå University Library.
    Olsson, Magnus
    Umeå University, Umeå University Library.
    Academic literacies and PhD education?: Aspirations, implementation, and implications from a doctoral workshop series2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation reports on the process of developing and implementing a workshop series for PhD students at the Academic Resource Centre, Umeå University, launched for the first time during the spring term 2017. Adopting an academic literacies model (Lea & Street, 1998, 2006) as the framework for the course’s underlying principles, its design and instruction, we propose that literacy in a university setting and especially at doctoral level can be understood not only as the individual, transferable cognitive skills of writing and reading. Rather, it is an interrelated, dynamic, and situated set of knowledge, skills, and personal attributes that support PhD students to acculturate themselves into their disciplinary discourses, as well as the academic community and wider social contexts.

    Lea and Street’s (2006) academic literacies model draws from both the surface features of language form (the study skills model) and students’ acculturation into a disciplinary and subject area community (the academic socialisation model). However, the academic literacies model moves beyond the academic socialisation model by considering social processes (such as power, identity, and authority). This model has been used in different higher education contexts, enabling the conceptualising and reconceptualising of the knowledge students should learn and do with regards to academic writing and reading (e.g. Wingate, 2012; Castanheira, Street, & Carvalho, 2015; Guzmán-Simón, García-Jiménez, & López-Cobo, 2017).

    In the particular setting of Umeå University, the Academic Resource Centre, University Library is the unit who provides academic support to students at all levels, including PhD students. From our experience as academic tutors, academic librarians and researchers working with the University’s doctoral students, we were able to identify their need for support not only with thesis texts written in English but also a range of capabilities such as article reading, research communicating, information searching, and publishing. These needs have also been expressed by PhD students themselves. As a result, the workshop series “Write here, Write now” was developed and implemented by the Academic Resource Centre during March – May 2017. Informed by the academic literacies model, a number of factors were considered as we approached writing. Besides the focus of helping students to improve their academic English, we wished to highlight that writing is a process which involves a myriad of competence, and it is a social practice rather than merely an individual cognitive skill. Above all, we aspired to develop a course that aligns with the national goals for Swedish PhD education which are set beyond the final thesis; the aim is to educate a critical, autonomous, creative, and responsible PhD researcher (Swedish Higher Education Ordinance, Annex 2, Qualifications Ordinance). The course should also be designed following the fundamental principles of teaching and learning in higher education that promote critical thinking, active learning, learner autonomy, and collaborative learning.

    In our presentation, we will show how these aspirations have helped us with our attempts at defining “literacy” in PhD education at Umeå University as lying at the intersection of English language, research competence, and Information literacy. Examples of how we incorporated the intended contents and guiding principles in our pedagogical practices will be provided. Reflections on our roles as instructors and further implications regarding policy on PhD education in the Swedish context will also be discussed.

  • 136.
    Björk, Johannes
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Arbetets tid - och en tid bortom arbetet2017In: Provins, ISSN 02809974, no 1, p. 26-29Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 137.
    Björk, Johannes
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Begreppsliga bataljer om svensk arbetarlitteratur2017In: Hva er arbeiderlitteratur?: Begrepsbruk, kartlegging of forskningstradisjon / [ed] Christine Hamm, Ingrid Nestås Mathisen, Anemari Neple, Bergen: Alvheim og Eide akademisk forlag, 2017, p. 135-152Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 138. Björk, Johannes
    Bokbindaren P. J. Öbers estetiska erfarenheter och dess produktiva inaktivitet2014In: Från Bruket till Yarden: Nordiska perspektiv på arbetardiktning / [ed] Bibi Jonsson, Magnus Nilsson, Birthe Sjöberg, Jimmy Vulovic, Lund: Absalon , 2014, p. 35-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 139.
    Björk, Johannes
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Dispositivets historia2013In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, Vol. 43, no 3-4, p. 156-159Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 140.
    Björk, Johannes
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Förberedande anteckningar till en undersökning om estetisk autonomi i överbefolkningens tidevarv2016In: Paletten, ISSN 0031-0352, no 3, p. 49-53Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 141.
    Björk, Johannes
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    I väntan på nya namn2014In: Glänta, ISSN 1104-5205, no 1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 142.
    Björk, Johannes
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Magnus Nilsson: Literature and Class. Aesthetical and Political Strategies in Modern Swedish Working-Class Literature2014In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, Vol. 44, no 3-4, p. 147-150Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 143.
    Björk, Johannes
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Med rätten att döda2011In: Arena, ISSN 1652-0556, no 4, p. 51-52Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 144.
    Björkenvall, Anna-Maja
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    La lingua italiana e il suo rapporto con gli anglicismi: storia, ruolo e modalità della penetrazione2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of English words in Italian has been an active phenomenon for centuries. Opinions diverge whether this is a positive part of a natural linguistic evolution in a globalized world, or a linguistic breakdown to be avoided at all cost. In the present study, the history of anglicisms in Italian language will be examined, as well as modern day characteristics of Anglo-Saxon influence and adaptation on the Italian peninsula. The result is a colorful portrait of an Italian language in movement, with anglicisms being part of the linguistic field in both the written and spoken contemporary language. The view of the Accademia della Crusca, the Italian academy for linguistic preservation, is explored, as well as some potential social factors contributing to this form of linguistic innovation.

  • 145.
    Björnfjord, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Ondaatje's Characters Governed by Emotions: An Ahmedian Analysis on How Love and Pain Can Affect Fiction Characters2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay delas with the effect of emotions on Ondaatje's characters.  By using Sara Ahmed's theory that they way we react and act is shaped by our contact with other people and that "emotions shape the very surfaces of bodies" (Ahmed 4) and that this in turn make us either approach or reject people, Ondaatje's main characters are analysed.  It is their meeting with certain people that governs their feelings and explains the way they act. 

  • 146.
    Bladh, Ylva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    I Mean, You Look Sexy.: Differences in perception of a male and female character amongst students in Seychelles2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the difference in perception of a character in a male and a female guise amongst university students in Seychelles, and elaborates on how such difference reflects gender hierarchies in general. The students were given a questionnaire consisting of five scenarios, in which two or more characters communicated, and then answered questions about their perception of the characters. The character’s gender mattered to how he/she was perceived for at least one of the characters in the dialogue, in four of the scenarios, and in one scenario there was no difference in perception of the male guise and the female guise. The biggest difference in perception of a male guise and female guise was in a scenario in which one character commented on his/her colleague’s appearance. The male guise was perceived more negatively both when commenting and when rejecting such comment. However, the space in which the interaction took place, and the relationship between the characters influenced how they were perceived. So, when a group of people commented on an unknown person’s appearance, on the beach, the respondents perceived both the male guise and the female guise of the character similarly both as commenters and as receivers of the comment. 

  • 147. Blennow, Anna
    et al.
    Fogelberg Rota, Stefano
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Appendix I: must-see monuments - the Colosseum in guidebooks through the centuries2019In: Rome and the guidebook tradition: from the Middle Ages to the 20th century / [ed] Anna Blennow and Stefano Fogelberg Rota, Berlin / Boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2019, p. 339-344Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 148. Blennow, Anna
    et al.
    Fogelberg Rota, Stefano
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Appendix II: itineraries through Trastevere from the Middle Ages to the twentieth century2019In: Rome and the guidebook tradition: from the Middle Ages to the 20th century / [ed] Anna Blennow och Stefano Fogelberg Rota, Berlin / Boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2019, p. 345-348Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 149. Blennow, Anna
    et al.
    Fogelberg Rota, Stefano
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Introduction2019In: Rome and the guidebook tradition: from the Middle Ages to the 20th century / [ed] Anna Blennow och Stefano Fogelberg Rota, Berlin / Boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2019, p. 1-32Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 150. Blennow, Anna
    et al.
    Fogelberg Rota, StefanoUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Rome and the guidebook tradition: from the Middle Ages to the 20th century2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Almost everyone has used a guidebook, when travelling or in the armchair at home. But how and when was the guidebook born? In this book, seven scholars from various disciplines argue that the guidebook emerged in Rome in the late Middle Ages, to form a surprisingly consistent model for guidebooks up to our time. The descriptions of must-see monuments, recommended routes, practical information and value-laden instructions have guided travellers to Rome through more than 1000 years.

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