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  • 101.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Development of adult-like place and manner of articulation in initial sC clusters2005In: Proceedings FONETIK 2005: XVIIIth Swedish Phonetics Conference, 2005, p. 71-74Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous investigations have proposed that nasality in consonants are more perceptually stable than place of articulation inconstrained conditions. This paper investigates the progression of initial consonant clusters from a reduced to an adult-like form in terms of manner and place of articulation in the speech of children between the age of 1;6 and 3;5. The results show an earlier onset of stable production of manner compared to place for in both full clusters and in the reduced form. The results are interpreted as evidence of the importance of perceptual salience of segmental properties in the acquisition initial consonant clusters.

  • 102.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Development of Complex Syllable Onsets: Evidence from duration measurements2004In: Proceedings from the XVIIth Swedish Phonetics Conference, 2004, p. 100-103Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the emergence of complex syllable onsets through measurements of their duration compared to the duration of corresponding singleton syllable onsets. The results show that there is a difference in the progression in syllable onset duration that is dependent on subject age and onset structure.

  • 103.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    The acquisition of contrast: a longitudinal investigation of initial s+plosive cluster development in Swedish children2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This Thesis explores the development of word-initial s+plosive consonant clusters in the speech of Swedish children between the ages of 1;6 and 4;6. Development in the word-initial consonant clusters is viewed as being determined by 1) the children’s ability to articulate the target sequence of consonants, 2) the level of understanding of which acoustic features in the adult model production are significant for the signalling of the intended distinction, and 3) the children’s ability to apply established production patterns only to productions where the acquired feature agrees with the adult target, to achieve a contrast between rival output forms. This Thesis employs a method where output forms are contrasted with attempted productions of potential homonym target words. Thus, development is quantified as an increase in the manifestations of phonetic features where it agrees with the adult norm, coupled by a decrease in the same feature in output forms where it is inappropriate according to the specifications of the phonological system of the ambient language. Acoustic investigations of cues of voicing, aspiration, place of articulation and syllable onset complexity, and auditory investigations of place, manner and syllable onset complexity were conducted. The Thesis has four outcomes. One, a description of the perceptual quality of the productions in terms of place, manner, voicing and syllable onset complexity is presented. Two, a developmental sequence of stable acquisition of these features is proposed; manner is shown to be acquired first, followed by syllable onset complexity and place of articulation. Evidence is provided that the voiced/aspirated distinction is still being acquired at the end of the investigated age period. Three, the developmental use of acoustic cues of place and voicing are described. Voice Onset Time and Spectral Skewness are shown to be used by children in order to increase the likeness to the adult target in terms of voicing and place of articulation. Aspiration Amplitude is shown to be used as an auxiliary cue to Voice Onset Time. The place cues Spectral Tilt Change, F2, Spectral Mean and Spectral Variance were shown to be used in order to refine already produced consonants rather than approach the adult target model. Four, the Thesis provides evidence of periods of confusions in the output of children. With the reductions of these patterns of confusion, evidence is provided of children’s re-organisation of their internal representation of the consonant to be produced.

  • 104.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics. Lingvistik.
    Czigler, Peter
    Sullivan, Kirk P H
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics. Lingvistik.
    Using Voice Onset Time for Estimating Production Maturity of /sP/ clusters2005In: Proceedings from the X International Congress For the Study of Child Language, 2005Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    In previous investigations of the child’s acquisition of simple and complex syllable onsets in word initial position, a number of developmental trends have been observed. In the early stages of development, plosives have been reported to be substituted by a plosive at another, usually more fronted, place of articulation. Initial fricatives, on the other hand, have been reported to be substituted by plosive-like speech segments. At later stages of development, the child’s productions of plosives and fricatives in word initial position have been transcribed as increasingly adult-like.

    As to complex syllable onsets, children’s’ productions have been reported to go through stages of reduction or simplification at the onset of attempted cluster production. In an earlier investigation, the progression through this stage in development has been investigated acoustically through measurement of voice onset time and aspiration (Karlsson et al., 2002). The results indicated a strong tendency towards short lagged voice onset time at the onset of production of voiceless plosives and long lagged voice onset time at later stages, for the same speech sound category.

    This paper presents an investigation of the correlation between development in consonant quality and acoustic correlates of voicing and aspiration in the productions of children aged 77-218 weeks. Productions of target words with an initial fricative, voiced plosive, voiceless plosive or s+plosive cluster were collected from 21 children (12 male and 9 female) who were recorded at monthly intervals for up to one year per child. The total number of syllable onsets analysed was 4133. Using this corpus, the correlation of onset of production of plosives with non-fronted target places of articulation and the rise in mean voice onset time length are currently under investigation. The investigation includes correlations between time of reaching a steady state in voice onset time, aspiration length and the time of steady production of consonants with adult quality. Finally, correlation between the time of onset of production of complex syllable onsets will be considered and included in the model.

    The results from the correlation study will be presented and the implications for the study of consonant cluster production development will be discussed.

  • 105.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Speech and Language Therapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Neurosurgery. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Neurology.
    Doorn, Jan van
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Speech and Language Therapy.
    Applying the Vowel Formant Dispersion (VFD) method to the study of reduced or alterered vowel productions2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Formant centre frequencies are regularly used as acoustic measure of vowel quality because of the well established correlation between them and properties of vowel production(Fant, 1960). While it is recognised that it is important transform formant frequencies, as measured from the spectrogram, into relevant psychoacoustic scales when addressing issues of vowel perception, production studies are still largely based on the the raw, Hz-scaled, formant measurements. As a consequence, systematic studies of vowel articulation proficiency due to clinical conditions or effects of treatment are not easily afforded. 

    A number of derived measures have been proposed to capture whole-system effect of vowel production. Previous research has primarily used the calculated total area of formants measured from either [a], [u], [i] and [æ] or only [a], [u] and [i] productions, joined together to form a quadrilateral or a triangle (Vowel space area, VSA)(Kent & Kim, 2003). In the reduced articulatory range of hypokinetic dysarthria, VSA is expected to be reduced by the dysarthria, and increased due to successful treatment the patient’s articulatory range. 

    However, VSA has been proposed to be not powerful enough to capture effects on vowel articulation found specifically in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD), and therefore not able to establish treatment effects.

    Two alternative measures have been proposed previously that are more focused towards specifically towards finding expansion and reductions in vowel spaces, the Vowel articulation index (VAI)(Roy, Nissen, Dromey, & Sapir, 2009) or Formant Centralization Ratio (FCR)(Sapir, Ramig, Spielman, & Fox, 2010). Both VAI and FCR has been shown to be able to establish significant reductions vowel articulation due to PD. Similar to VSA, however, the VAI and FCR measures do not given any detailed insight into the nature of the change in articulation. Further, all three measures reduces all obtained vowel formant measurements into a single metric, resulting in a substantial loss of statistical power and a considerable reduction in quality of intra-speaker models of articulatory proficiency. 

    In response to the problematic properties of previous metrics, a revised view of formant frequencies more suitable for studies of changes in vowel articulation has recently been outlined, along with a new metric (Vowel Formant Dispersion, VFD). The VFD view of vowel formants are more closely connected to properties of vowel articulation and therefore affords more more detailed interpretations to be drawn concerning speakers’ production proficiency and offers increased reliability of within speaker estimates of this proficiency. This paper presents a detailed view of how VFD may applied to clinical populations where vowel production is affected by the condition (e.g. hypokinetic dysarthria) or where production should be affected (e.g. transexual patients or in successful treatment of dysarthric patients). It will be shown that most aspects of the study of vowel articulation proficiency will be significantly enhanced by the VFD method.

  • 106.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Doorn, Jan van
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Speech and Language Therapy.
    Automatic acquisition of jitter and shimmer measurements across large sets of sustained vowel productions2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Measurements of jitter and shimmer are frequently employed to quantify laryngeal control and stability during voice production in patients(1-3). Accurate estimates of jitter and shimmer may be obtained from acoustic recordings of sustained vowels produced by patients using computer software implementing algorithms for their extraction (e.g. Praat(4) or MDVP(5)). The jitter and shimmer algorithms do not, in themselves, exclude non-stable productions and are influenced by the inclusion of silence in the analysed intervals. As a consequence, reliable measurements of jitter and shimmer are made by manually opening each sound file and selecting an interval for the computations. 

    The current paper proposes an alternative approach to afford a more efficient estimation of jitter and shimmer across a large set of sustained vowel recordings. Using information readily available in the acoustic signal and a combination of algorithms already available within the Praat program, a reliable method for automatic processing of only the sustained vowel in each recording of a large corpus is outlined. The method further affords the acquisition of multiple, repeatable, measurements of jitter and shimmer for sub-intervals of the vowel’s duration (applying more than one algorithm), which additionally provides information concerning the reliability of the jitter or shimmer estimates for a specific vowel  production. Comparisons with manually obtained measurements are made for the purpose of validation of the segmentation method.

  • 107.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Doorn, Jan van
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Speech and Language Therapy.
    Vowel formant dispersion as a measure of articulation proficiency2012In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, ISSN 0001-4966, Vol. 132, no 4, p. 2633-2641Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The articulatory range of a speaker has previously been estimated by the shape formed by first and second formant measurements of produced vowels. In a majority of the currently available metrics, formant frequency measurements are reduced to a single estimate for a condition, which has adverse consequences for subsequent statistical testing. Other metrics provide estimates of size of vowel articulation changes only, and do not provide a method for studying the direction of the change. This paper proposes an alternative approach. Vowel formant frequencies are re-defined as vectors originating from a defined center point of the vowel space fixed to a basic three-vowel frame. The euclidian length of the vectors, the Vowel Formant Dispersion (VFD), can be compared across conditions for evidence of articulatory expansions or reductions across conditions or speaker groups. Further, the angle component of the vowel vectors allows for analyses of direction of the reduction or expansion. Based on the range of investigations afforded by the VFD metric, and simulation experiments that compare its statistical properties with those of other proposed metrics, it is argued that the VFD procedure offers an enhanced view of vowel articulation change over rival metrics.

  • 108.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Landgren, Tomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Sullivan, Kirk P H
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Utveckling av Voice Onset Time hos svenska barn2006In: Tionde Nordiska Barnspråkssymposiet / [ed] Mårten Eriksson, Antti Ylikiiskilä & Eva Berglund, Gävle: Högskolan i Gävle , 2006, p. 69-75Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 109.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Sullivan, Kirk P H
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Kvantifiering av inlärning av tonande/tonlös kontrast med hjälp av Voice Onset Time2006In: Tionde Nordiska Barnspråkssymposiet / [ed] Mårten Eriksson, Antti Ylikiiskilä & Eva Berglund, Gävle: Högskolan i Gävle , 2006, p. 60-68Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 110.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics. Lingvistik.
    Sullivan, Kirk P H
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics. Lingvistik.
    /sP/ consonant clusters in Swedish: Acoustic measurements of phonological development2005In: Developmental Paths in Phonological Acquisition: Special issue of Leiden Papers in Linguistics 2.1, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a cross-sectional and longitudinal investigation into the development of a contrast in voicing production in simple and complex consonant clusters for 21 children. The results showed that, although the group results indicated a progression that may have been caused either by development in articulatory proficiency or by an growing underlying representation, individual children develop in a manner that is not consistent with a developmental model postulating only articulatory development.

  • 111.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Sullivan, Kirk P H
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    The use of relativization in the regional dialect of Swedish spoken in Burträsk2002In: Relativisation in the North Sea Littoral, Lincom Europa , 2002, p. 97-107Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 112.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Sullivan, Kirk P H
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Czigler, Peter E.
    van Doorn, Jan
    Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Sciences.
    Acoustic correlates of voicing in a child's production of plosives2002In: Proceedings of the 9th Australian International Conference on Speech Science & Technology, 2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 113.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics. Lingvistik.
    Sullivan, Kirk P H
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics. Lingvistik.
    van Doorn, Jan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Sciences, Speech and Language Therapy.
    Czigler, Peter E.
    Då or Tå, Pår or Bår - Seeing is believing!2003In: Proceeding of the 15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, 2003Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Several acoustic properties of plosives have been established as correlates of voicing contrast, including voice onset time (VOT), F1 cut-back, aspiration duration and initial F1 and F2 transition. Therefore, acquisition of the voicing contrast for plosives could be viewed as gaining the ability to combine interacting acoustic cues in an adult-like manner, resulting in a large number of possible developmental routes. The presented investigation examined initial plosives produced by one child from ages 18¿31 months that had been judged as voiced in an auditory analysis. The results show that some perceptually voiced and unaspirated plosives (elicited using voiceless targets) were produced with VOT values within the range of voiceless plosives for adult speakers of Swedish, and also had increased duration of high frequency, aperiodic friction after plosive release. It was conjectured that the child was attempting a voicing contrast by using increased VOT and increased duration of aperiodic friction that were not perceptible to adult listeners.

  • 114.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics. Lingvistik.
    Zetterholm, Elisabeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics. Lingvistik.
    Sullivan, Kirk P H
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics. Lingvistik.
    Development of a Gender Difference in Voice Onset Time2004In: Proceedings of the 10th Australian International Conference on Speech Science & Technology, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the effect of gender on voice onset time distribution at three stages of speech development. Two subject groups consisting of children, aged approximately 3 and 9 years, were compared to adult speakers regarding voice onset time of initial plosives. The results showed significant gender effects in the aspirated plosives in the young subjects that were not present in the plosives produced by adults. It is hypothesised that the effect of gender at the earlier stages of develpment may be due to the differences in airflow intensity and variability.

  • 115.
    Kjellander, Daniel
    Umeå University.
    Cognitive constraints in English lexical blending A data collection methodology and an explanatory model2018In: Pragmatics & Cognition, ISSN 0929-0907, E-ISSN 1569-9943, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 142-173Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The complex characteristics of lexical blending have long troubled mainstream word formation research to the extent that it has typically been considered a peripheral issue in linguistics. In recent years this has begun to change, and there is currently a growing body of evidence uncovering the intriguing nature of this word formation process. In the present study, underlying principles and usage-based aspects of lexical blends were examined. Analyses of derivatives of three matrix words, republican, liberal, and vegetarian, revealed the impact of three cognitive constraints on the use of lexical blends: schema transfer effects, neighborhood effects, and effects of the influence from morphological lexicalization. The first constraint fueled blend formation, while the other two displayed a hampering effect on the use of lexical blending. Furthermore, a study of the word class distribution in the datasets showed that there were significant differences in the grammar of lexical blending and compounding, respectively.

  • 116.
    Knospe, Yvonne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Schreibstrategietraining im Deutschunterricht: Textqualität und Schreibprozesse einiger schwedischer Lernender2019In: German as a Foreign Language, ISSN 1470-9570, E-ISSN 1470-9570, no 2, p. 20-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    Vor dem Hintergrund einer mangelnden fremdsprachlichen Kompetenz in der Drittsprache bei Schülerinnen und Schülern in ganz Europa (European Commission 2012) wird in diesem Beitrag der Einsatz von Strategie- und Lernbewusstheit fördernden Methoden im Drittsprachenunterricht thematisiert. Die Entwicklung von Textqualität und Schreib-prozessen einiger schwedischer Lernender in der Drittsprache Deutsch und unter dem Einfluss eines Schreibstrategietrainings wird beschrieben. Die Ergebnisse zeigen eine Verbesserung der Textqualität und geringe Veränderungen im Schreibverhalten, welche sich vor allem durch die abnehmende Nutzung von Online-Wörterbüchern und ein gesteigertes Vorkommen von Textrevisionen zeigten. 

  • 117.
    Knospe, Yvonne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Writing in a third language: a study of upper secondary students’ texts, writing processes and metacognition2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Learning an additional foreign language (usually referred to as a third language, L3) after English (L2) in formal settings seems to remain relatively unsuccessful in the European context (European Commission 2012), despite the reported advantages from extensive language learning experiences. Against this background the present thesis explores the potential benefits of a teaching approach focused on writing strategies and metacognitive reflections for L3 writing. The study investigates the influence of an intervention concerning the writing of argumentative texts in L3 German. Two classes with 15- and 16-year-olds from a Swedish upper secondary school participated. One class received writing instruction, the other one no special treatment. Texts were collected at three points in time. Additionally, seven students from the intervention class, the “focus students”, attended five individual writing sessions, in which their argumentative writing was recorded with keystroke logging and screen-recording software. After each writing session, individual stimulated-recall interviews were conducted. The development of L3 writing throughout the course of the intervention was investigated from three different perspectives: writing products, writing processes and metacognitive knowledge. Text quality was studied on the basis of a selection of class texts, which were scored both analytically and holistically. The writing processes were examined by automated and manual analysis of the conducted log- and screen-recording files. Metacognitive knowledge was analysed based on transcripts of stimulated-recall interviews. The findings show that only the texts of those students, who attended both the intervention and the individual writing sessions, including reflective interviews, improved in quality during the intervention. Further, these students slightly increased their writing fluency through higher text production rate and a shift from intense online-source use to more revisions. The investigation of metacognitive knowledge revealed a number of learner- and language-related variables, which seem to be decisive in understanding the interplay between learners’ attitudes, performance and strategic behaviour. The results suggest that writing practice is crucial, but learning to write can be further enhanced by including writing strategy instruction and metacognitive reflections in the foreign language classroom.

  • 118.
    Leung, Lilia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    The Writing Behaviours of a Bilingual: Using Inputlog to Compare Chinese and English Writing Data2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many recent studies on writing behaviour have been done with the help of keystroke logging programs to study the difference between native language (L1) writing and non-native language (L2) writing. In this study, I aimed to investigate whether the typical characteristics of L1 and L2 found in previous studies were different when the participant was a longtime immigrant who had studied and worked in an L2 environment while her L1 had been restricted to home use. I myself served as the participant, writing in my L1 (traditional Chinese, using

    the Changjie input method) and in my L2 (English). While some data could not be used due to incompatibility between Inputlog (the keystroke logging program) and the Changjie input method, much of the usable data showed that my L1 writing exhibited the characteristics of a less developed language, as compared to my L2. I describe the results that characterised the fluency of my L1 and L2 writing, as well as offer a list of suggestions for Inputlog development.

  • 119.
    Levlin, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Lässvårigheter, språklig förmåga och skolresultat i tidiga skolår: en undersökning av 44 elever i årskurs 2 till 32014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Every year about 20% of the students in primary and secondary school do not reach the goals of the Swedish National Curriculum. A greater understanding of how reading difficulties relate to oral language skills, and how both reading and oral language skills contribute to educational outcome in the Swedish context is needed to improve early identification and intervention for students at risk of not achieving the goals of the Swedish national curriculum. This dissertation investigates how reading difficulties and oral language comprehension affect educational outcome in the year 3 Swedish national tests, and how reading difficulties in early primary school relate to phonological processing skills and oral language comprehension. The Simple View of Reading model was used to describe the participants’ reading difficulties. All year 2 students (N = 214) in two municipalities participated in an examination of reading comprehension, word-decoding and spelling. Sixty-six students with reading comprehension (z < –0.83), word-decoding skills (z < –0.71) and/or spelling skills (z < –0.58) in the lower end of the normal distribution were identified. Forty-four students agreed to participate in the study. Oral language skills, phonological processing, verbal memory, word-decoding, reading comprehension and non-verbal ability were examined in year 3. Forty-six to 66 per cent of the students with reading comprehension difficulties in year 2 were identified with difficulties in oral language comprehension (z ≤ –1.0) in year 3. None of the students with specific word-decoding difficulties had difficulties in oral language comprehension. Oral language comprehension was significantly correlated to the results in the year 3 Swedish national tests for the two tasks in reading comprehension (p < .01) in Swedish, and with five of six tasks in Mathematics (p < .01 in four tasks and p < .05 in one task). Rapid naming of visual objects also correlated significantly with four out of six tasks in Mathematics (p < .01). Non-verbal ability, word-decoding and reading comprehension in year 3 showed no significant relationship with outcome in the Swedish national tests. This dissertation shows the centrality of oral language comprehension skills for both reading comprehension and outcome in the Swedish national tests, and the importance of considering oral language comprehension both in assessment and in intervention when students show poor reading comprehension skills in early primary school.

  • 120.
    Levlin, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Sullivan, Kirk
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Olofsson, Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Oral language skills in grade 3 among a group of Swedish students with weak word-decoding and reading comprehension in grade 2.2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 121.
    Levlin, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Sullivan, Kirk
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Olofsson, Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Språklig förmåga hos en grupp elever med svag avkodning och läsförståelse i åk 2.2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 122.
    Levlin, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Sullivan, Kirk
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Olofsson, Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Språkligförmåga hos en grupp elever med svag avkodning och läsförståelse i åk 2.2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 123.
    Levlin, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Waldmann, Christian
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Oral language skills and reading in relation to written text production: A longitudinal study of 85 students' written text production in Year 3, 6 and 92017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 124.
    Levlin, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Waldmann, Christian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Samband mellan språklig förmåga och skriven textproduktion hos elever med lässvårigheter2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skriven textproduktion är en utmaning för många elever med språk- och lässvårigheter. Tidigare studier har visat att språklig förmåga, arbetsminne och fonologiskt processande utgör centrala förutsättningar inte bara för automatiserade processer i skrivandet (stavning och interpunktion) utan också för skrivprocesser på en högre kognitiv nivå (textens språkliga kvalitet, textorganisation och textlängd). I den föreliggande studien undersöker vi relationen mellan språklig förmåga, fonologiskt processande, verbalt arbetsminne, läsförmåga och skriven textproduktion hos 40 elever som identifierades med svag läs- och stavningsförmåga i årskurs 2. I årskurs 3 deltog dessa elever i en logopedutredning som omfattade en bedömning av fonologiskt processande, receptiv och expressiv språklig förmåga (ordförråd, grammatik och hörförståelse av text), korttidsminne, arbetsminne, ordavkodning, läsförståelse och icke-verbal problemlösning. Utfallet i logopedutredningen undersöktes i relation till den narrativa skrivuppgiften som eleverna genomförde i de nationella proven i svenska i årskurs 3. Elevernas texter analyserades utifrån ett flertal mått på textproduktion på olika nivåer: transkriptionsnivå (stavning och interpunktion), lexikal nivå (lexikal variation och densitet), meningsnivå (syntaktisk komplexitet, morfologiska och syntaktiska avvikelser) och textnivå (textlängd). Utifrån modellen ”Simple View of Writing” och resultat från tidigare forskning formulerades följande hypoteser: (1) receptiv och expressiv språklig förmåga, verbalt arbetsminne, avkodning och läsförmåga relaterar till textproduktion på ord- och meningsnivå och till mått på textnivå, och (2) fonologisk processande, avkodning och verbalt arbetsminne relaterar till stavning på transkriptionsnivån. Pearsons produktmomentkorrelation användes för att analysera relationen mellan språklig förmåga, fonologiskt processande, verbalt arbetsminne, läsförmåga och skriven textproduktion. Resultaten presenteras och diskuteras utifrån både metodologiska och teoretiska aspekter.

  • 125.
    Lidström, Shona
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    High off her love - LOVE IS A DRUG: A comparative study of the use of love and sadness metaphors and their meaning in country and rap song lyrics2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper researches the use of conceptual metaphors in rap and country song lyrics. It looks specifically at conceptual metaphors for the concepts of LOVE and SADNESS, focusing on what source domains are proposed in each genre, what similarities there are in source domains between the genres and the style of language found in the linguistic expressions in the two genres. Song lists and lyrics were obtained from internet sites and then, using the Metaphor Identification Procedure (MIP), linguistic expressions were identified which were then subjected to a qualitative analysis. Those relating to SADNESS and LOVE were grouped according to proposed source domains for comparison. The results show that there are similarities, and some differences in the source domains identified within the genres and that they have a wide variety of sub-domains. Concrete concepts common to both genres do not exhibit the same mapping of correspondences to the target domains. There is no discernible difference in the style of language used in the linguistic expressions of the two genres. Nevertheless, the rap expressions tend to be more in the present, dynamic and at times sexually provocative whereas in country expressions they tend to be more reflective, virtuous and at times, depressing.

  • 126.
    Lidén, Ulla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Der grammatische Tigersprung: Studien zu Heimito von Doderers Sprachterminologie1990Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Austrian novelist Heimito von Doderer (1896-1966) gained his reputation after World War II with the novels Die Strudlhofstiege (1951) and Die Dämonen (1956). His interest in language, its functions and its innermost essence appears from his novels, his diaries and his essays. In order to express his energetic conception of language he used an individual and partly newly-created terminology.This dissertation deals in the main with an analysis of approximately 25 central sentences {Fundamentalsätze), containing more than 100 terms, according to the criteria of content and formal aspects. Chapter 5 focuses on Doderer's view of life (Lebensphilosophie), a combination of philosophy, psychology and religion. The role of memory, the exploration of thinking and the depiction of creativity constitute combined endeavours in his work, in which he was influenced by Weininger's and Swoboda's terms and theses. Chapter 6 treats linguistic terminology proper. Two different examples may demonstrate Doderer's remarkable intuition for linguistic essentials. Beginning with the indirect essence of language he supposes that there is no fundamental difference between the birth of language and the creation of metaphors. Secondly he conceives of a sentence as being formed as a structural unit, based on a formula (Strukturformel). Similar opinions are represented in modern linguistics.The formal aspects of his terminology are dealt with in Chapter 7, including the different types of terms and the possibilities of word-formation, to express definitions and thematic connections. In the novel Die Merowinger (1962) Doderer constructs a burlesque travesty of erudite professional language.

  • 127. Lindblom, Else Britt
    Studier över önamnen i Luleå skärgård1988Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to present and examine the names of the islands in the archipelago of Luleå innorthern Sweden. The basis for the studies is a collection of names, which contains written forms excerpted fromsources from the 14th to the 20th century and local pronunciations of old as well as modern names. The names ofthe islands in the collection have been studied from three aspects.The first study (chapter 2) deals with the structure of the names and especially that of names of islands in doublecompound. The lack of s in names like Storhäll-gründet, where dialects in the south of S weden and StandardSwedish would have Storhälls gründet, is the starting point of the investigation. (Some double compounds have sin the compounding link like Bullerskärs-grundet. They are also discussed.)The hypothesis advanced is that the dialectal distribution of the accent in the names in northern Sweden makes itpossible to show where the link in the double compound is, so the 5, which in Standard Swedish and in thedialects in the south of Sweden is needed to mark the semantic limit between the parts of the compound, is notneeded in the dialects of northern Sweden.The stress in double compounds of th e type AB-C (see above) is on the last element of the name or word: -——. Names in double compound of the type A-BC like Lill-Kvarnören have a different type of accent: — — 1with the stress on the first element of the name or word. The two different main accents in double compounds ofthe type AB-C and A-BC: J— — and — —1 have the status of markers showing where the compounding link inthe compound is, so the s is not needed in the compounds of the type AB-C in the dialects of northern Sweden.The study includes names of isl ands containing double compounds in the whole of Norrbotten and appellativedouble compounds from a collection of words from a village in Nederluleå.The second study (chapter 3) deals with the relationship between the names and the land uplift. The BothnianBay is an area of rapid land uplift. The land uplift has its highest estimated values, 0,9 meters in 100 years, on thecoast north of Skellefteå up to Luleå. Many names of islands have disappeared because the islands have beenuplifted, especially in what used to be large bays, now large shallow lakes like Persöfjärden. New water-surroundedareas have on the other hand been named like Sandgrönnorna, described from old maps from 1790 and fromphotographs from 1946.Chapter 3 consists of three sections, in which separate studies of names in relation to the land uplift are presented.The first section deals with the names ending in -gründet, -grunden. Originally names of under-water localities,they are now names of small islands and gründet has changed its denotation to 'small island' in the area.The second section in chapter 3 presents a method for the dating of names of island in uplifted areas. Many largeislands, now uplifted, still have the names they had as water-surrounded islands. By following the equidistancecurves around the locality it is possible to find out at what equidistance it was surrounded by water. Before thattime it must have been named as an island. That is terminus ante quem, TAO, for the name. The third sectiondeals with the names of vattung, which can be dated from the time of th eir rise above the sea level. A vattung, 5meters high, can thus be about 500 years old, terminus post quem, TPQ, about 1450. The studies presentedabove show that some names can be dated to the Viking Age.The third study (chapter 4) deals with the names of large islands and the colonization. The colonization period ofthe northern part of Sweden is reflected in many names of large islands containing personal names like Hertsönand Germandön. No archipelago in Scandinavia shows such an amount of names of islands containing personalnames. Most personal names are Nordic and can be compared to those in the names ending in -mark in Västerbottenand the south of Norrbotten. - Some of t he names of islands containing personal names have also beendated in chapter 3. They are among the oldest names in Nederluleå.In chapter 5 the names in the studies are put in relation to the historical and archaeological records in Norrbottenand can thus contribute to throwing light upon the colonization period of northern Sweden.

  • 128.
    Lindblom, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    How crossing one's fingers and holding one's thumbs manages to convey a similar semantic meaning.: The cognitive motivations behind the understanding of three Swedish and English idiom pairs, with different words for body parts.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Three idiom pairs were analysed in order to identify which conceptual motivation, in the form of metaphors, metonymies, embodied motivations and conventional knowledge, were present. Each pair had one Swedish- and one English idiom. They had a similar semantic meaning and they both contained a lexical word for a body part – but not the same body part. The aim was to find out how the idioms could have a similar semantic meaning without having the same structure and the same words. The aim was the research questions were answered by analysing the idiom pairs from a cognitive linguistic perspective. The result of the study showed there are cognitive and conceptual motivations for the underlying process, which makes people understand the idioms in a similar way. The reason for why the Swedish and the English idioms used different words for body parts seems to have been the notion of embodiment and of cultural and conventional knowledge. The different words for the body parts did not seem to affect the semantic similarity of the idiom pair. 

  • 129.
    Lindgren, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Stevenson, Marie
    The University of Sydney.
    Interactional resources in the letters of young writers in Swedish and English2013In: Journal of second language writing, ISSN 1060-3743, E-ISSN 1873-1422, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 390-405Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the use of interactional resources in letters to a penfriend of Swedish 11-year-olds in Swedish (L1) and English (FL) from a multi-competence perspective. The objectives of the study are to ascertain whether the language in which the letters were written and the gender of the writers influenced the extent to which interactional meanings were expressed, and also to examine the textual resources that the young novice writers employed to convey interactional meanings in FL. The texts are analysed in terms of both content and discourse-semantic expression, with the discourse-semantic analysis drawing on a Systemic Functional Linguistic framework known as Appraisal. The quantitative results show that, when the amount of text produced is taken into account, there are few significant differences in the frequency of expression of interactional meanings in L1 and FL, but slightly more for gender. The qualitative description identifies a number of language-specific and non-language specific resources used by the writers to enable them to express interactional meanings in FL. In the discussion, these findings are linked to the notion of multi-competence.

  • 130.
    Lindgren, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Sullivan, Kirk P HUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Observing writing: insights from keystroke logging and handwriting2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Observing writing: Insights from Keystroke Logging and Handwriting is a timely volume appearing twelve years after the Studies in Writing volume Computer Keystroke Logging and Writing (Sullivan & Lindgren, 2006). The 2006 volume provided the reader with a fundamental account of keystroke logging, a methodology in which a piece of software records every keystroke, cursor and mouse movement a writer undertakes during a writing session. This new volume highlights current theoretical and applied research questions in keystroke logging and handwriting research that observes writing. In this volume, contributors from a range of disciplines, including linguistics, psychology, neuroscience, modern languages, and education, present their research that considers the cognitive and socio-cultural complexities of writing texts in academic and professional settings.

  • 131.
    Lindgren, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Sullivan, Kirk P. H.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    The LS graph: A methodology for visualising writing revision2002In: Language learning, ISSN 0023-8333, E-ISSN 1467-9922, Vol. 52, no 3, p. 565-595Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The writing process has long been a subject for investigation. Until recently researchers have been restricted to written protocols for the analysis of writing sessions. These provide vast amounts of information from which it is impossible to create detailed mental representations of the writer’s movements around the text, revision activity, or pause behavior. Computer keystroke –logging programs, which record all keystrokes and mouse actions, facilitate the collection of quantitative data about text creation. This article presents the LS graph, a novel way of graphically representing and summarizing the quantitative data collected when keystroke logging. Further, the graph can be combined with a detailed manual analysis of the individual revisions that can be undertaken by playing back the logged writing session.

  • 132.
    Lindgren, Simon
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Palm, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Textometrica: Service Package for Text Analysis2011Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 133.
    Lindvall-Östling, Mattias
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Deutschmann, Mats
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Steinvall, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    “Oh It Was a Woman! Had I Known I Would Have Reacted Otherwise!”: Developing Digital Methods to Switch Identity-Related Properties in Order to Reveal Linguistic Stereotyping2019In: Virtual Sites as Learning Spaces: Critical Issues on Languaging Research in Changing Eduscapes / [ed] Sangeeta Bagga-Gupta, Giulia Messina Dahlberg, Ylva Lindberg, Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 207-239Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter describes the methodological processes involved in the project Raising Awareness using Virtual Experiencing (RAVE), funded by the Swedish Research council. The aim of the project is to develop experiential pedagogic approaches aimed at raising sociolinguistic language awareness about stereotyping and language. A key feature of the method consists of updated matched-guise techniques, whereby the same recording is digitally manipulated to alter the voice quality of a speaker to sound “male” or “female”, for example. These versions of the recording are then used as input stimuli for a response phase aimed at illustrating how we as listeners react differently to a person, and what is being said, depending on the perceived identity of the speaker. This chapter then illustrates how results are used as a starting point for discussions with respondents (student groups) on issues related to stereotyping and language, with the aim to raise awareness and self-reflection.

  • 134.
    Lischinsky, Alon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Book Review: Ruth Wodak & Michał Kryzanowski (eds.), Qualitative discourse analysis in the social sciences2009In: Discourse & Society, ISSN 0957-9265, E-ISSN 1460-3624, Vol. 20, no 6, p. 780-782Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 135.
    Lischinsky, Alon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Book reviews: Grillo, Eric (Ed.) (2005) Power without domination. Dialogism and the empowering property of communication2010In: Journal of Language and Politics, ISSN 1569-2159, E-ISSN 1569-9862, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 165-169Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 136.
    Lodén, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    To make a mountain out of a molehill: A comparative study of the metonymical and metaphorical structures of three semantically identical, but lexically different, idioms in English, Swedish and German2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study revolves around the different underlying metaphorical or metonymical structures of three specific idioms, one English, one Swedish and one German, but with equivalent semantics. The structure of the source and target domains was analysed, as well as the mapping from source to target. The lexical features and the cognitive concepts involved were analysed as well. The method used for this study was an analysis based on cognitive linguistics and conceptual metaphor theory. The result shows a structure of conceptual metaphor within the English and German idioms: making a small entity into a big entity is exaggeration. The Swedish idiom consists of a conceptual metaphor but with a metonymic structure: the part for the whole is exaggeration. The result also suggests a difference in meaning of the definitions of the idioms, indicating that the form of exaggeration varies depending on which idiom is used. 

  • 137.
    Lundgren, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Att som vuxen bli litterat på sitt andraspråk2002In: Forskning i nordiske sprog som andet- og fremmedsprog / [ed] Auður Hauksdòttir, Birna Arnbjörnsdòttir, Maria Garðarsdòttir, Sigriður þorvaldsdòttir, Reykjavík: Háskóli Íslands , 2002, 1, p. 295-314Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 138.
    Madelene, Mikaelsson
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Upprepad läsning: En interventionsstudie i studieväg 1 i utbildningen svenska för invandrare2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated whether repeated reading can enhance reading fluency for students with little or no education, studying Swedish tuition for immigrants. The work was based on the question: Is there any difference in learning effects / degree of learning, depending on whether the repeated reading is done individually with the special education teacher, with a peer in the classroom, or individually conducted silent reading? To investigate that, three interventions were done: repeated reading individually with the special education teacher, repeated reading in pairs and individual silent reading of literary books. The students who had repeated reading individually with special education teachers improved their word decoding skills compared to the other two intervention groups. The students who had repeated reading with a peer in the classroom improved their word decoding skills more than the silent reading group. Students who had individual silent reading improved mainly their reading speed. The results showed that none of the groups improved both of the components of reading fluency, decoding and reading speed. The conclusion is that more studies are needed to find methods that enhance reading skills and test materials that work for low-educated students in Swedish tuition for immigrants.

  • 139.
    Malmqvist, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    "Event": the rise of a buzzword in German2006In: Muttersprache, ISSN 0027-514X, Vol. 116, no 3, p. 216-227Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study focuses on the recent import of an English loanword, event, into German, describing the process of integration and comparing this with corresponding developments in the Swedish language. Using a German and Swedish corpus compiled from newspaper texts the tokens are analysed with regard to frequency, domains of usage, semantic change, and word formation activity. Socio-cultural factors as driving forces in the adoption of the word are discussed, followed by some reflections on the future position of the studied lexeme in the two compared languages.

  • 140.
    Malmqvist, Anita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Purchase rage, health delusion and search for pleasure: time-critical word formations in German with a perspective on Swedish2007In: Muttersprache, ISSN 0027-514X, Vol. 117, no 1, p. 17-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study of German compound nouns, used metaphorically to refer to three life style manifestations characteristic of postmodern society: consumption, health and fitness orientation, and the pursuit of pleasure. The lexical items are classified according to the source domains of the respective metaphors, thus demonstrating the variety of perspectives that come into play and providing an insight into the ways people think as well as their attitudes and values with respect to the phenomena focussed on in the study. Common to all lexemes is an element of excess, which suggests that the phenomena in question are regarded as violations of societal norms.

  • 141.
    Malmqvist, Anita
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Skog-Södersved, Mariann
    Vasa universitet.
    von der Heiden, Gregor
    Evidentialität in schwedischsprachigen Kommentartexten2017In: Persuasionsstile in Europa III: Linguistische Methoden zur vergleichenden Analyse von Kommentartexten in Tageszeitungen europäischer Länder / [ed] Hans-Wilhelm Giessen & Hartmut Ewald Herbert Lenk, Hildesheim: Georg Olms Verlag , 2017, Vol. 232-233, p. 226-246Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    Anhand von Kommentartexten im schwedischen bzw. finnlandschwedischen Teilkorpus des Helsinkier Kommentarkorpus zu den Themen Zypernkrise und Papstwahl untersucht der vorliegende Beitrag, wie die Journalisten zum Ausdruck bringen, dass die verwendeten Informationen nicht von ihnen selbst stammen, sondern eine sekundäre Quelle haben. Im Fokus steht folglich Evidentialität. Es konnten zwei Hauptkategorien von Evidentialität identifiziert werden, direkte und indirekte. Bei direkter Evidentialität geht es um die direkte Wiedergabe einer Quelle, während indirekte Evidentialität je nach Art der indirekten Wiedergabe in drei Untergruppen eingeteilt werden konnte. Die Formulierung der Evidentialität kann mit grammatischen und/oder lexikalischen Mitteln erfolgen. Die Untersuchung hat ergeben, dass im Schwedischen Evidentialität vorwiegend mit lexikalischen Mitteln ausgedrückt wird, da das Schwedische weder über besondere Modusformen noch Endungen, die die Funktion hätten, Evidentialität auszyúdrücken, verfügt. 

  • 142.
    Mellenius, Ingmarie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Word formation2003In: The Acquisition of Swedish Grammar / [ed] Gunlög Josefsson, Christer Platzack & Gisela Håkansson, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2003Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 143.
    Mellenius, Ingmarie
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Rosenberg, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    The Semantics of Compounds in Swedish Child Language2016In: The Semantics of Compounding / [ed] Pius ten Hacken, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016, p. 110-128Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the semantics of NN compounds produced by Swedish children. Three questions are addressed: What is the head’s status in the children’s compounds? What semantic relations are found within the compounds? What is the frequency of these relations, in total and per child? The data contains 387 spontaneously produced novel NN compounds from three monolingual Swedish children, collected longitudinally along with contextual information. The study shows that all children manage right-hand head position. It suggests that around 15 semantic relations, based on previous lists proposed by e.g. Jackendoff (2009; 2016), can account for almost all of the children’s compounds. Some relations are however more frequent than others. There seem to be individual preferences for particular semantic relations. Yet, two tendencies appear: (i) in all children, some relations are frequent (e.g. Purpose, Composition, Location) others rare; (ii) almost all relations are used by all children. In conclusion, although the number of compounds produced by each child is limited, a range of relations is attested. In relation to overall cognitive development, some compounds provide evidence that children indeed make further distinctions from adult speakers, and that they have understanding of the semantic content of their coinages. 

  • 144.
    Mellenius, Ingmarie
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Sullivan, Kirk P H
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Att identifiera talare - ett problem för rättslingvistiken2008In: Texter till Thomas: festskrift till Thomas Kihlberg april 2008 / [ed] Git Claesson Pipping, Göteborg: Livréna , 2008, p. 136-141Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 145.
    Mennen, Ineke
    et al.
    ESRC Centre for Research on Bilingualism, Bangor University.
    Chen, Aujo
    Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Characterising the internal structure of learner intonation and its development over time2010In: Proceedings of The 6th International Symposium on the Acquisition of Second Language Speech (Newsounds 2010), 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the internal structure and longitudinal development of L2 learner intonation in two groups of three speakers from structurally different source languages (Punjabi and Italian) learning the same target language (English). The speakers were recently arrived immigrants in their host country and were followed over a period of thirty months. During this period, their intonation was analysed at two longitudinal points along three dimensions of the intonation system: (i) the inventory of structural elements (pitch accents and boundary tones); (ii) the way these are realised; and (iii) their distribution. Some attention is also paid to the functional aspect of learner intonation. Results show that there are many similarities across speakers in most dimensions of intonation. It seems that learners start out with the same inventory of structural elements from the start of their learning, regardless of the source language of the learners, although there are some differences in the frequency of use of certain patterns and the rate at which the system develop

  • 146.
    Mäntymäki, Tiina
    et al.
    Vaasa University.
    Rodi-Risberg, MarinellaVaasa University.Foka, Anna
    Deviant Women: Cultural, Linguistic, and Literary Approaches to Narratives of Femininity,2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This multidisciplinary collection of articles illuminates the ways in which the concept of female deviance is represented, appropriated, re-inscribed and refigured in a wide range of texts across time, cultures and genres. Such a choice of variety shows that representations of deviance accommodate meaning-making spaces and possibilities for resistance in different socio-cultural and literary contexts. The construct of the deviant woman is analysed from literary, sociolinguistic and historical-cultural perspectives, revealing insights about cultures and societies. Furthermore, the studies recognise and explain the significance of the concept of deviance in relation to gender that bespeaks a contemporary cultural concern about narratives of femininity.

  • 147.
    Mäntymäki, Tiina
    et al.
    Vaasa University.
    Rodi-Risberg, Marinella
    Foka, Anna
    Introduction2015In: Deviant Women: Cultural, Linguistic and Literary Approaches to Narratives of Femininity / [ed] Mäntymaki, T., Rodi-Risberg, M., Foka, A., Oxford: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2015, p. 9-25Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The construct of the deviant woman is analysed from literary, sociolinguistic and historical-cultural perspectives, revealing insights about cultures and societies. Furthermore, the studies recognise and explain the significance of the concept of deviance in relation to gender that bespeaks a contemporary cultural concern about narratives of femininity.

  • 148.
    Nampetch, Camille
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    English Translation of Thai Pronouns: How Two Translators Have Dealt with Thai Personal Pronouns in Four Reigns2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has looked into what translation techniques Tulachandra and Barang have used in their English translation of Thai personal pronouns in Pramoj’s novel Four Reigns. Thai uses different personal pronouns to different people to signify social status, gender and intimacy, which may be challenging for the English translations to achieve. With the limited material available, the personal pronouns sadet, khun, mae, pho and various kinship terms and titles were explored. The results showed that the most frequent translation technique was equivalence, that is, the translating of Thai pronouns into the English I or you. The borrowing technique was also used from time to time. Due to language and cultural differences between Thai and English, it is not possible for the translations to achieve a hundred percent accuracy in terms of underlying meaning of the personal pronouns. The translators did, however, make an effort in keeping the special traits of the pronouns by adding a proper noun into the sentence. 

  • 149.
    Nilsson, Jan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    Plurala ortnamn på Island: morfologiska iakttagelser1975Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 150.
    Nordlander, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages. Engelska.
    The Basics of Main Clause Temporal Marking in Krio2004In: NetNotes on Krio, ISSN 1652-7801, no 2004:1, p. 7-Article in journal (Other academic)
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