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  • 101.
    Autrieb, Alexandra
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Bernsand, Veronica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Anestesisjuksköterskors strategier för att skapa trygghet hos patienter inför anestesi.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The majority of patients that are going to need anesthesia before surgical procedures are afraid of being anesthesised and the surgical procedure awaiting. It is difficult to define what security for the patient is and how it can be created for the individual, as this can vary from individual to individual. The sense of security is an important part of health and wellbeing and is included as a criteria for health and medical care, that is included in Swedish hälso och sjukvårds lagen. According to this, so must medical care meet the need of the patient security during care. It is important that the anesthesia nurse understands and realizes the importance of the feeling of security for the patient, and so enables him/her to give increased security when needed.Aim: The Aim of this study was to examine the anesthesia nurses strategies for create a sense of security in patients before anesthesia.Method: This study consist of a qualitative content analysis with an interview guide based on semi-constructed questions. Twelve anesthesia nurses from three different hospitals in the west of Sweden were interviewed.Result: The result builds upon three main categories: Communication, With help of outer factors and personalized care.Conclusion: To adapt the meeting from the patient perspective was as important to create a sense of security. The anesthesia nurse created a sense of security through communication by informing the patient and through body contact. A sense of security was also created through the anesthesia nurses approach to the patient, good team work and through medications. An important aspect to create a sense of security was to let a next of kin be a support.Key words: anesthesiology, sense of security, pre-operative,patient.

  • 102.
    Avander, Tina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Ingesson, Ida
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Upplevelsen av hot och våld: En litteraturstudie om vårdpersonalens upplevelser av att bli utsatt för hot och våld inom hälso- och sjukvården2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Threats and violence against healthcare workers is today a growing problem worldwide. Healthcare personnel are at an increased risk of being subjected to threats and violence by their patients. Health workers are caregivers and advocates for their patients and if they become subject to threats or violence, previous research has shown that the consequences can be many both for caregivers and patients.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to illuminate the experiences of threat and violence by patients on healthcare personnel. Method: This literature review study included 8 scientific, qualitative articles compiled and analyzed with a description of qualitative content analysis with inductive approach. Article search was performed in the databases Cinahl, PsycINFO, PubMed and Scopus.

    Results: The results show that the experience of being subjected to threats and violence leads to a lot of strong feelings for the victimized health care worker. Feelings are, for the most part, of negative character and include feeling of threatened and afraid, feeling both anger in general and anger directed toward patients, feeling powerless and feeling hopelessness and depression. Threats and violence also lead to other negative consequences for the staff. These include, among other things, that motivation is lowered, and that workers find themselves “taking their work home with them”, which affects their private lives, often in detrimental ways. Affected workers also expressed a strong desire for support for victims, and knowledge and training for coping skills and tactics for dealing with difficult patients.

    Conclusion: The results of the literature review study shows that the experience of being subjected to threats and violence leads to many serious consequences for those who are affected. In order to improve the management of the consequences, education and support for healthcare personnel and further research in the area, to be able to prevent further incidents and help the healthcare workers who have been subjected, are required. 

  • 103.
    Avander, Tina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Ingesson, Ida
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Upplevelsen av hot och våld: En litteraturstudie om vårdpersonalens upplevelser av att bli utsatt för hot och våld inom hälso- och sjukvården2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

     

    Background:Threats and violence against healthcare workers is today a growing problem worldwide. Healthcare personnel are at an increased risk of being subjected to threats and violence by their patients. Health workers are caregivers and advocates for their patients and if they become subject to threats or violence, previous research has shown that the consequences can be many both for caregivers and patients.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to illuminate the experiences of threat and violence by patients on healthcare personnel.

    Method: This literature review study included 8 scientific, qualitative articles compiled and analyzed with a description of qualitative content analysis with inductive approach. Article search was performed in the databases Cinahl, PsycINFO, PubMed and Scopus.

    Results: The results show that the experience of being subjected to threats and violence leads to a lot of strong feelings for the victimized health care worker. Feelings are, for the most part, of negative character and include feeling of threatened and afraid, feeling both anger in general and anger directed toward patients, feeling powerless and feeling hopelessness and depression. Threats and violence also lead to other negative consequences for the staff. These include, among other things, that motivation is lowered, and that workers find themselves “taking their work home with them”, which affects their private lives, often in detrimental ways. Affected workers also expressed a strong desire for support for victims, and knowledge and training for coping skills and tactics for dealing with difficult patients.

    Conclusion: The results of the literature review study shows that the experience of being subjected to threats and violence leads to many serious consequences for those who are affected. In order to improve the management of the consequences, education and support for healthcare personnel and further research in the area, to be able to prevent further incidents and help the healthcare workers who have been subjected, are required.

  • 104.
    Axberg, Madelene
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Olsson, Cecilia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Patienters upplevelse av att leva med trycksår: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    ABSTRAKT

    Titel: Patienters upplevelse av att leva med trycksår.

    Bakgrund: Trycksår är en skada som uppkommer i den underliggande vävnaden eller i huden. Ett trycksår kan vara en indikation på ett bristfälligt tillvägagångssätt vid bedömning, att patienten är inaktiv eller sängliggande. Trycksår delas in i fyra stadier och kan snabbt utvecklas till högre grad om inte rätt behandling sätts in i tid. 

    Syfte: Syftet var att studera patienters upplevelser av att leva med trycksår.

    Metod: En litteraturstudie genomfördes vars resultat av åtta kvalitativa vetenskapliga artiklar granskades, analyserades och slutligen sammanställdes. Detta genomfördes med inspiration av metaanalys.

    Resultat: Trycksår påverkade patienternas livskvalité där smärta var ett återkommande problem. Detta behandlandes ofta med analgetika, vilket sällan hade någon effekt. Patienterna påverkades fysiska, psykiska och socialt. Sjuksköterskornas roll och hur de informerade var avgörande för hur en patient uppfattade vad trycksår var.

    Konklusion: Trycksår kan förebyggas och förhindras med rätt insatta åtgärder. En rodnad på huden kan vara början på något smärtsamt. Lyssna på patienten, behandla och utvärdera åtgärder. Ingen ska behöva drabbas av den smärta och den förändrade livskvalitén som patienterna upplevde.

    Nyckelord: Trycksår, upplevelse, livskvalitet

  • 105.
    Axelsson, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Mässing, Carolina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Föräldrars upplevelser av att få ett kroniskt svårt sjukt barn - inriktning på primär immunbrist2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Varje år föds ett till två barn med svår primär immunbrist i Sverige. Studier på föräldrar till barn med andra kroniska sjukdomar visar på att kontakten med olika vårdinstanser var en viktig faktor för deras förmåga att hantera situationen. Föräldrarna beskrev hur den både kunde hindra och stödja deras vårdande roll. Syftet med denna studie är att belysa föräldrars upplevelser av att få ett kroniskt svårt sjukt barn med primär immunbrist och deras kontakt med vården.Metod/Analys. Tio informanter medverkade, en fader och nio mödrar. Intervjustudien genomfördes med narrativ ansats och analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultat. I resultatet framkom upplevelsen av en kamp för att bli tagna på allvar när det gällde oron över sitt barns symptom och att få rätt vård. Ofta har de stött på okunskap inom vården. Diagnosen var för många en vändpunkt då de upplevde att de fick den vård de länge sökt efter. Informanterna har upplevt vårdens positiva och negativa sidor, vilket resulterade i att de kunde ge önskemål på förbättringsområden inom vården. Konklusion. Resultatet visade att majoriteten av föräldrarna kastats mellan hopp och förtvivlan i sin kamp för att bli tagna på allvar och få sitt barn under rätt vård. Detta visar på att det finns förbättringsområden inom svensk sjukvård som skulle kunna underlätta dessa föräldrars upplevelse. Att få en engagerad omvårdnadsansvarig sjuksköterska som fungerade som spindeln i nätet, möta rätt kunskap ochkontinuitet, få psykosocialt stöd, bra information samt tidig diagnos var faktorer som hjälpte informanterna att hantera situationen.

  • 106.
    Axelsson, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Eating problems and nutritional status after stroke1988Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Eating problems and nutritional status were studied in a consecutive series of 104 stroke patients admitted to emergency hospital care. During their stay in hospital eating problems were observed in 46 patients. Certain common types of eating problems were identified: aberrant eating behaviour as regards chewing,lokalization or swallowing, eating small amounts, hoarding of food in the mouth, leakage of food from the mouth and unawareness of eating problems. Poor nutritional status occurred in 16 % of the patients on admission and in 22 % on discharge from the stroke unit.

    A subgroup of 32 patients hospitalized for 21 days or longer was studied for three weeks. On at least one occasion during these three weeks a poor nutritional status was observed in 18 patients, of whom 17 had eating problems.

    All subjects who had eating problems during their hospital stay, plus those patients without eating problems but with neurological deficits and those living in a nursing home one year after the stroke (n=36) were selected for a longitudinal study 18 months after the onset of stroke. Eating problems were identified in 23 of these patients during their hospital stay while 21 had such problems when they were followed up.

    Two patients who could not eat due to severe dysphagia (after a stroke) for three years and 18 months respectively, were successfully trained to eat normally. One patient exhibited impaired oral and hypopharyngeal function and the other impaired hypo- pharyngeal function and a spastic crico-pharyngeal muscle. In both patients training in swallowing was the main remedical measure and one of them also had a myotomy of the spastic muscle.

  • 107.
    Backlund, Emma
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lilja, Felicia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Livspartnerns upplevelse av att leva med en partner med demenssjukdom2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Sweden, eight percent of all people by the age of 65 years or older have a dementia disease. The healthy spouse received or unconsciously took the role as caregiver in the home which could cause psychological and physical stress. Therefore it is important that nurses have good understanding of how the healthy spouses experience their life situation.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe spouses´experiences of living with a partner with dementia disease.

    Methods: This literature study was performed with a qualitative method. Nine scientific articles have been quality checked and analyzed with inspiration from Friberg´s way of thinking. The databases Cinahl and PubMed were used.

    Results: The literature study resulted in the construction of five categories followed by 13 subcategories. The result of the literature study shows that the healthy spouses are affected physically and mentally by living with a partner with dementia disease. A change in the life situation, which entails that the healthy spouse must adapt and change everyday life for the dementia suffering partner's abilities and skills. Conclusion: Living with a partner with dementia disease means a strain for the healthy spouses. It is important for nurses to pay attention to the healthy spouses´well-being. By this study the nurses hopefully understand that it is important to focus on both partners´ needs.

  • 108.
    Backman, Annica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Leadership: person-centred care and the work situation of staff in Swedish nursing homes2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Swedish nursing home managers, who constitute the empirical focus of this thesis, hold overall operational responsibility for the nursing homes, which includes the care of residents, direct care staff and work environment. Aged care organisations are also expected to provide person-centred care. Working towards a person-centred approach poses new demands and leads to challenges for leaders, and there is currently limited knowledge of what characterises leadership that promotes a person-centred approach. In addition, an ongoing demographic shift in the aged care workforce entails further challenges, as the proportion of professional workers is decreasing. Leading a healthy work environment is therefore important for ensuring and protecting staff health. Based on this, it is important to explore nursing home managers’ leadership in relation to person-centred care and the work situation of staff.

    Aim: The overall aim was to explore leadership in relation to person-centred care and the work situation of staff in Swedish nursing homes.

    Methods: This thesis is based on data from two data collections. First, it includes cross-sectional baseline data from a national inventory of health and care in Swedish nursing homes (SWENIS) collected in 2013-2014. The SWENIS dataset consists of a sample of staff n=3605 from 169 nursing homes in 35 municipalities, and nursing home managers n=191. The second data collection consists of 11 semi-structured interviews with 12 nursing home managers in highly person-centred nursing homes that already participated in SWENIS. Data were explored via descriptive statistics, simple and multiple regression analyses, and qualitative content analysis.

    Results: Leadership was positively associated with person-centred care and psychosocial climate. Highly rated leadership behaviors’ among nursing homes managers was characterized by experimenting with new ideas, controlling work closely, relying on his/her subordinates, coaching and giving direct feedback, and handling conflicts constructively. Leading person-centred care can be outlined by four leadership processes: embodying person-centred being and doing; promoting a person-centred atmosphere; maximizing person-centred team potential and optimising person-centred support structures. Leadership was also positively associated with social support and negatively associated with job strain. Further, the variation in leadership was to a very small extent explained by the nursing home managers’ educational qualification, operational form of the nursing home and the number of employees in a unit.

    Conclusions: All findings point in the same direction: that leadership, as it is characterized and measured in this thesis, is significantly associated with person-centred care provision as well as with the work situation of staff. This suggests that nursing managers have a central leadership role in developing and supporting person-centred care practices, and also in creating a healthy work environment. The results also highlight five specific leadership behaviours that are most characteristic of highly rated leadership, thereby adding concrete descriptions of behaviours to the literature on existing leadership theories. The findings also include four central processes for leading towards person-centred care in nursing homes. Taken together, it seems important for managers to translate the person-centred philosophy into actions and to promote an atmosphere pervaded by innovation and trust, in which cultural change is enhanced by positive cultural bearers. Utilizing the overall knowledge and competencies among staff and potentiating care teams was also considered important for leading person-centred care, along with optimising supportive structures for supporting and maintaining person-centred care. If aged care organisations are to be committed to person-centred care, an important implication seems to be to organise nursing homes in a way that allows nursing home managers to be close and present in clinical practice and actively lead towards person-centred care. The findings of this thesis contribute to our understanding of leadership in relation to person-centre care and the work situation of staff. These findings can be used in leadership educations and nursing curriculum. Longitudinal studies would be valuable for following leadership, person-centred care and the work situation of staff over time.

  • 109.
    Backman, Annica
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Ahnlund, Petra
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sjögren, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lövheim, Hugo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    McGilton, Katherine S.
    Edvardsson, David
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. School of Nursing and Midwifery, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia .
    Leading towards person-centred care – Nursing home managers' experiences of leading person-centred care in highly person-centred Swedish nursing homesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:Although a growing body of research knowledge exists highlighting the importance of leadership for person-centred care, studies focused on nursing home managers’ own descriptions of leading their staff to provide person-centred care is lacking. This study aims to explore the process of nursing home managers’ leading person-centred care in Swedish nursing homes.

    Methods:The methods of the study consisted of semi-structured interviews with 12 nursing home managers within 11 highly person-centred nursing homes purposively selected from a national wide survey of nursing homes in Sweden. A qualitative content analysis was performed for data analyses.

    Results:The study revealed that the leading person-centred care in nursing homes can be outlined as comprising four processes: Embodying person-centred being and doing; promoting a person-centred atmosphere; maximizing person-centred team potential; and finally, optimizing person-centred support structures.

    Conclusion:This study contributes to the literature by providing concrete descriptions of how person-centred care can be operationalised and supported in everyday practice by the leadership of nursing home managers. The study is significant in that it provides evidence on how the provision of person centred care can be facilitated by managers and the important role they play in developing and maintaining this philosophy of care within nursing homes.

  • 110.
    Backman, Annica C.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lövheim, Hugo
    Sjögren, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Edvardsson, David
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. La Trobe Univ, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.
    Leadership behavior in relation to person-centeredness and person-centered climate - a cross-sectional study in residential aged care in Sweden2015In: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 55, p. 806-807Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 111.
    Backman, Annica
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lövheim, Hugo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Sjögren, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lindkvist, Marie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Edvardsson, David
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.  School of Nursing and Midwifery, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
    Characteristics of highly rated leadership in Swedish nursing homes2016In: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 56, p. 283-283Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 112.
    Backman, Annica
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Sjögren, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lindkvist, Marie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics.
    Lövheim, Hugo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Edvardsson, David
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. School of Nursing and Midwifery, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Characteristics of highly rated leadership in nursing homes using item response theory2017In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 73, no 12, p. 2903-2913Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To identify characteristics of highly rated leadership in nursing homes. Background: An ageing population entails fundamental social, economic and organizational challenges for future aged care. Knowledge is limited of both specific leadership behaviours and organizational and managerial characteristics which have an impact on the leadership of contemporary nursing home care. Design: Cross-sectional. Method: From 290 municipalities, 60 were randomly selected and 35 agreed to participate, providing a sample of 3605 direct-care staff employed in 169 Swedish nursing homes. The staff assessed their managers' (n = 191) leadership behaviours using the Leadership Behaviour Questionnaire. Data were collected from November 2013 - September 2014, and the study was completed in November 2016. A two-parameter item response theory approach and regression analyses were used to identify specific characteristics of highly rated leadership. Results: Five specific behaviours of highly rated nursing home leadership were identified; that the manager: experiments with new ideas; controls work closely; relies on subordinates; coaches and gives direct feedback; and handles conflicts constructively. The regression analyses revealed that managers with social work backgrounds and privately run homes were significantly associated with higher leadership ratings. Conclusion: This study highlights the five most important leadership behaviours that characterize those nursing home managers rated highest in terms of leadership. Managers in privately run nursing homes and managers with social work backgrounds were associated with higher leadership ratings. Further work is needed to explore these behaviours and factors predictive of higher leadership ratings.

  • 113.
    Backman, Annica
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Sjögren, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lindkvist, Marie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Lövheim, Hugo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Edvardsson, David
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. School of Nursing and Midwifer y, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
    Towards person-centredness in aged-care: exploring the impact of leadership2016In: Journal of Nursing Management, ISSN 0966-0429, E-ISSN 1365-2834, Vol. 24, no 6, p. 766-774Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To explore the association between leadership behaviours among managers in aged care, and person‐centredness of care and the psychosocial climate.

    Background: Theory suggests that leadership is important for improving person‐centredness in aged care, however, empirical evidence is lacking.

    Methods: A cross‐sectional design was used to collect data from Swedish aged care staff (= 3661). Valid and reliable questionnaires assessing leadership behaviours, person‐centeredness of care and the psychosocial climate were used. Data were analysed using multiple linear regression including interaction terms.

    Results: Leadership behaviours were significantly related to the person‐centredness of care and the psychosocial climate. The level of person‐centredness of care moderated the impact of leadership on the psychosocial climate.

    Conclusions and implications for nursing management: The leadership behaviour of managers significantly impacts person‐centred care practice and contributes to the psychosocial climate for both staff and residents in aged care. This study is the first empirically to confirm that middle managers have a central leadership role in developing and supporting person‐centred care practice, thereby creating a positive psychosocial climate and high quality care.

  • 114.
    Backman, Annica
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Sjögren, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lövheim, Hugo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Edvardsson, David
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. School of Nursing and Midwifery, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Vic., Australia.
    Job strain in nursing homes: exploring the impact of leadership2018In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 27, no 7-8, p. 1552-1560Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives: To explore the association between nursing home managers' leadership, job strain and social support as perceived by direct care staff in nursing homes.

    Background: It is well known that aged care staff experience high levels of job strain, and that aged care staff experiencing job strain are exposed to increased risk for adverse health effects. Leadership styles have been associated with job strain in the literature; however, the impact of perceived leadership on staff job strain and social support has not been clarified within nursing home contexts.

    Design: This study had a cross‐sectional design.

    Methods: Participating staff (n = 3,605) completed surveys which included questions about staff characteristics, valid and reliable measures of nursing home managers' leadership, perceived job strain and social support. Statistical analyses of correlations and multiple regression analysis with interaction terms were conducted.

    Results: Nursing home managers' leadership were significantly associated with lower level of job strain and higher level of social support among direct care staff. A multiple regression analysis including an interaction term indicated individual and joint effects of nursing home managers' leadership and social support on job strain.

    Conclusions: Nursing home managers' leadership and social support were both individually and in combination associated with staff perception of lesser job strain. Thus, nursing home managers' leadership are beneficial for the working situation and strain of staff.

    Relevance to clinical practice: Promoting a supporting work environment through leadership is an important implication for nursing home managers as it can influence staff perception of job strain and social support within the unit. By providing leadership, offering support and strategies towards a healthy work environment, nursing home managers can buffer adverse health effects among staff.

  • 115.
    Backman, Sandra
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Skystedt, Mathilda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Att förändras över en natt: Erfarenheter av att ha genomgått obesitaskirurgi- En litteraturstudie.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att förändras över en natt, erfarenheter av att ha genomgått obesitaskirurgi – En litteraturstudie.Bakgrund: Övervikt och fetma är ett allvarligt hälsoproblem som kan förebyggas genom samhälleliga insatser och livsstilsförändringar. Det har visat sig att för de som är kraftigt överviktiga kan obesitaskirurgi vara ett alternativ. Studier visar att obesitaskirurgi resulterar i både positiva och negativa följder.Syfte: Denna litteraturstudies syfte var att belysa ungdomars och vuxnas erfarenheter av att ha genomgått obesitaskirurgi.Metod: En litteraturstudie genomfördes med elva kvalitativa artiklar. Artiklarna granskades och deras resultat analyserades och sammanställdes.Resultat: Erfarenheterna beskrivs i tre kategorier och sju underkategorier, personerna som genomgått obesitaskirurgi fick ett förändrat förhållande till mat, en förändrad relation till omgivningen samt fysiska och psykiska konsekvenser såsom viktnedgång och förbättrad självkänsla.Slutsats: Obesitaskirurgi medför förändrad kroppsbild och det krävs stora ansträngningar och stark vilja för att inte återfå övervikten som många tappar efter operationen. Kunskapen om erfarenheter av att genomgå obesitaskirurgi är viktigt för sjuksköterskor, för att kunna stötta ungdomar och vuxna att finna sin inre motivation, hitta meningsfullhet samt att coacha dessa individer när de ställs inför den förändrade kroppsbilden.

  • 116.
    Backström, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    ATT ÅLDRAS MED HIV: Erfarenheter och kunskapsbehov hos distriktssköterskor inom hemsjukvården2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    ABSTRAKT

    Titel: ATT ÅLDRAS MED HIV. Erfarenheter och kunskapsbehov hos distriktssköterskor inom hemsjukvården.

    Bakgrund: I Sverige lever drygt 6500 personer med HIV. Effektiv behandling gör att antalet äldre som lever med HIV ökar. Idag betraktas HIV som en kronisk sjukdom, vilket ställer krav på kunskap om de åldersrelaterade problem det kan medföra för den äldre. Tidigare studier visar att sjuksköterskor och distriktssköterskor till viss del saknar grundläggande kunskap om HIV, smittsamhet och smittvägar. Brist på erfarenhet och kunskap kan påverka bemötandet och kvalitén på vård av äldre som lever med HIV.

    Syfte: Att belysa erfarenheter och kunskapsbehov hos distriktssköterskor inom hemsjukvården beträffande äldre som lever med HIV.

    Design: Kvalitativ design med induktiv ansats.

    Metod: Studien bygger på semistrukturerade intervjuer med sju distriktssköterskor och två sjuksköterskor inom kommunal hemsjukvård i ett län i norra Sverige. Intervjuerna spelades in, transkriberades och analyserades med hjälp av kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Analysen resulterade i tre huvudkategorier, Medvetandegöra okunskap, Önskan om fortbildning och Önskan om tydliga riktlinjer och sju subkategorier. Resultatet belyses med citat från intervjuerna.

    Slutsats: För att säkerställa en god vård och ett bemötande utan rädsla och fördomar krävs uppdaterad grundläggande kunskap om HIV. Det finns också ett behov av tydliga rutiner som är lätta att hitta och behov av stöd från personal med mer erfarenhet. Vård av äldre som lever med HIV bör präglas av ett personcentrerat förhållningssätt där brukarens erfarenheter och kunskap tas tillvara.

    Nyckelord: distriktssköterska, erfarenhet, HIV, hemsjukvård, kunskap, personcentrerad, åldrande, äldre

  • 117.
    Backteman-Erlanson, Susann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Burnout, work, stress of conscience and coping among female and male patrolling police officers2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Police work is a stressful occupation with frequent exposure to traumatic events and psychological strain from work might increase the risk of burnout. This thesis focuses on patrolling police officers (PPO), who work most of their time in the community and have daily contact with the public. Since police work traditionally is a male coded occupation we assume that there are differences between women and men in burnout as well as experiences from psychosocial work environment.

    Aim. The overall aim of this thesis is to explore burnout, psychosocial and physical work environment, coping strategies, and stress of conscience when taking gender into consideration among patrolling police officers.

    Methods. This thesis employs both qualitative and quantitative methods. In Paper I a qualitative approach with narrative interviews was used where male PPO described experiences of traumatic situations when caring for victims of traffic accidents. A convenience sample of nine male PPO from a mid-sized police authority was recruited. Interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Papers II, III, and IV were based on a cross-sectional survey from a randomly selected sample stratified for gender from all 21 local police authorities in Sweden. In the final sample, 1554 PPOs were invited (778 women, 776 men), response rate was 55% (n=856) in total, 56% for women (n=437) and 53% for men (n=419). The survey included a self-administered questionnaire based on instruments measuring burnout, stress of conscience, psychosocial and physical work environment, and coping.

    Results. Findings from Paper I were presented in three themes; “being secure with the support system,” “being confident about prior successful actions,” and “being burdened with uncertainty.” Results from Paper II showed high levels of emotional exhaustion (EE), 30% for female PPOs and 26% for male PPOs. High levels of depersonalization (DP) were reported for 52 % of female PPO, corresponding proportions for male were 60%. Multiple logistic regression showed that stress of conscience (SCQ-A), high demand, and organizational climate increased the risk of EE for female PPO. For male PPO stress of conscience (SCQ-A), low control and high demand increased the risk of EE. Independent of gender, stress of conscience (SCQ-A) increased the risk of DP. Psychometric properties of the WOCQ were investigated with exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis, a six-factor solution was confirmed. DIF analysis was detected for a third of the items in relation to gender. In Paper IV a block wise hierarchical multiple regression analysis was performed investigating the predictive impact of psychological demand, decision latitude, social support, coping strategies, and stress of conscience on EE as well as DP. Findings revealed that, regardless of gender, risk of EE and DP increased with a troubled conscience amongst the PPO.

    Conclusion. “Being burdened with uncertainty” in this male-dominated context indicate that the PPO did not feel confident talking about traumatic situations, which might influence their coping strategies when arriving to a similar situation. This finding can be related to Paper II and IV showing that stress of conscience increased the risk of both EE and DP. The associations between troubled conscience and the risk of experiencing both emotional exhaustion and depersonalization indicate that stress of conscience should be considered when studying the influence of the psychosocial work environment on burnout. Results from this study show that the psychosocial work environment is not satisfying and needs improvement for patrolling police officers in Sweden. Further studies including both qualitative and quantitative (longitudinal) methods should be used to improve knowledge in this area to increase conditions for preventive and rehabilitative actions.

  • 118.
    Backteman-Erlanson, Susann
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Jacobsson, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Öster, Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Brulin, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Caring for traffic accident victims: the stories of nine male police officers2011In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 90-95Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Psychological strain due to the work environment is common, especially in those occupations which involve working in critical situations. Working as a police officer seems to increase the risk of psychological problems such as symptoms of stress and post traumatic stress disorders. The aim of this study was to describe male police officers’ experiences of traumatic situations when caring for victims of traffic accidents, and to reflect the results through the perspective of gender theories. Nine police officers were asked to narrate and reflect upon their experiences in taking care of people who had been severely injured in traffic accidents. The interviews were analysed with qualitative content analysis. The findings are presented in three themes: “being secure with the support system”, “being confident about prior successful actions, and “being burdened with uncertainty”. The officers’ descriptions showed that most of them had strategies that they used when they were first responders, developed on the basis of their own knowledge and actions and the support systems in their organization which enabled them to act in traumatic situations. When support systems, knowledge, and actions were insufficient, they sometimes felt insecure and “burdened with uncertainty”. In this male-dominated context, there was a risk that the officers may not talk enough about traumatic situations, thus influencing their ability to cope successfully.

  • 119.
    Backteman-Erlanson, Susann
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Brulin, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Prevalence of burnout and associations with psychosocial work environment, physical strain, and stress of conscience among Swedish female and male police personnel2012In: Police Practice & Research, ISSN 1561-4263, E-ISSN 1477-271XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Focus of this study was to investigate prevalence of burnout and relation to psychosocial work environment, physical strain, and stress of conscience amongst female and male police personnel in Sweden. The questionnaire was answered by 856 (55%) patrolling police officers, 437 (56%) women vs. 419 (53%) men. Prevalence and mean values for emotional exhaustion (EE) and depersonalization (DP) was higher in our study compared to other studies including police personnel in Norway and the Netherlands. A multiple logistic regressions showed that for women stress of conscience, high demand, and organizational climate was significant associated with EE, for men it was stress of conscience, decision, and high demand. For DP only stress of conscience contributed statistically significant in our model, respectively, of gender. Further research is needed to develop interventions aiming to reduce levels of burnout among police personnel in Sweden.

  • 120.
    Backteman-Erlanson, Susann
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Öster, Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Brulin, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Exploration of the WOCQ tool in relation to gender and psychometric properties among Swedish patrolling police officersManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Police work is a stressful occupation with frequent exposure to traumatic events. In Sweden knowledge about coping strategies among police personnel is absent probably due to lack of validated measurements. Aim of this study was to explore psychometric properties of the Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WOCQ) among Swedish police personnel, including testing differential item functioning (DIF) for gender. The WOCQ was sent out to 1554 randomly selected patrolling police officers in Sweden. Exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were used. A six factor solution was confirmed with differences and similarities compared to the original eight factor solution. DIF analysis showed similarities and differences in relation to gender. We suggest that the WOCQ can be used when investigating coping strategies in a Swedish police context.

     

  • 121.
    Bagger, Cecilia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Svensson, Marie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Anestesisjuksköterskans bemötande av patienter med preoperativ oro: - En litteraturstudie kring preoperativ oro och metoder att lindra denna2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 122.
    Bagglund, Jessica
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Blomqvist, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Att åldras i marginalen: Upplevelsen av att vara äldre och icke-heterosexuell2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The group of elderly non-heterosexuals in Sweden is estimated to include 80,000 people. Within the nursing programme, there is limited knowledge about older LGBT people.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the experience of being elderly and non-heterosexual.

    Method: In this literature study eight qualitative articles, published between 2001 and 2009, were compiled. Literature searches were performed in the databases CINAHL, PsychINFO and PubMed. After perusal, determination of the quality and analysis of the content, the articles were compiled into five categories and 16 subcategories.

    Results: Older non-heterosexuals viewed and dealt with their sexual identity in different ways. Overall, many participants in the studies experienced a high level of confidence and satisfaction with their lives but many experienced ageism and felt discriminated within nursing contexts. Several of the participants felt that they did not have the same legal rights as heterosexuals do. Some non-heterosexuals chose to deliberately conceal their sexual orientation due to fear of negative attitudes while others lived openly with their sexual identity.

    Conclusion: It is necessary to make the older non-heterosexuals visible. In order to make elderly non-heterosexuals feel secure and equally treated in health care, increased awareness and changes in attitudes are important. Hopefully, the findings will result in better knowledge and greater understanding of elderly non-heterosexuals in the nursing context. Further research is needed on older LGBT persons.

  • 123.
    Bang, Isabell
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Allanius Koskenniemi, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Anestesisjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att söva barn.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The majority of the children who undergo surgery experience severe anxiety prior to surgery. Preoperative anxiety should be avoided to reduce the psychological trauma. The nurse anesthetist should create a good contact and help the family cope with the frightening situation. There are both pharmacological and non-pharmacological ways to reduce anxiety.

    Aims: The purpose of the study is to describe the anesthetic nurses' experiences of anesthetizing children.

    Method: The study is based on interviews with twelve nurse anesthetists, operating at three of the sections on surgery center at one of Sweden's regional hospital. The interviews were based on semi-structured questions and analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

    Findings: Six categories emerged: parents, profession and compliance to different situations, the important meeting, premedication and external factors.

    Conclusion: An optimized premedication was highlighted as the most important factor for a successful anesthetic induction of children. If the child already had an intravenous line upon arrival at the surgical department it simplified the induction significantly. How well the parents handled the situation was also important for how the situation turned out.

  • 124.
    Baradaran, Nadja
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lundgren, Sofie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Att vårda under rädsla: - En litteraturstudie om vårdpersonals upplevelser av hot och våld inom psykiatrisk vård.2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Working under fear- a literature review about nursing staff’s experiences of threat and violence in psychiatric care.

    Background: Reports show that threat and violence is a common phenomenon in healthcare. It appears in every part of healthcare, but some units are at more risk than others, for example psychiatric care. The verbal and physical violence creates an insecure work environment and can cause serious consequences for both personnel and patients.

    Aim: To describe psychiatric nursing staff’s perceptions of threat and violence in psychiatric care. Methods: A literature review based on eight qualitative articles. These articles were examined, analyzed and compiled.

    Results: Threat and violence caused strong emotional reactions, like fear and anger, among nursing staff that influenced the work and their private life. The unsafe work environment composed a threat to the nursing staff’s professional role and self image. It was percieved that violence were unavoidable, and that nursing staff were expected to accept violence as a part of the job. Violence were handled and prevented with different strategies, while manegement support were lacking.

    Conclusion: Violence against nursing staff in psychiatric care are a relatively unexplored subject in need of more research. Nursing staff are suffering both physical and psychological damage due to violence in the workplace, which also effects the care given to patients and the nursing staff’s own health. To improve the work situation the nursing staff need more education in handling violence.

    Keywords: Nursing staff, Psychiatry, Threat and violence, Workrelated violence

  • 125. Barremo, Ann-Sofi
    et al.
    Bruce, Elisabeth
    Västernorrlands läns landsting, Örnsköldsvik (Västernorrland County Council).
    Salander, Monica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Sundin, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Personers upplevelse av att leva med kronisk hjärtsvikt: Systematisk litteraturstudie2008In: Vård i Norden, ISSN 0107-4083, E-ISSN 1890-4238, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 34-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Heart failure is a clinical syndrome where the heart is no longer able to maintain adequate blood circulation to the tissue. Many suffer from symptoms difficult to handle such as dyspnoea, fatigue, and physical weakness.

    Aim: The purpose of the study was to investigate peoples’ experiences of living with congestive heart failure.

    Method: A systematic literature review was used. Relevant articles were found in the Medline and Cinahl databases. The articles were examined, classified and critically appraised. Twenty articles were included. A qualitative content analysis was used to organize the results.

    Results: The results are described in three main categories: losses, protecting independences and readjustment. The category ‘losses’ details physical, emotional and social changes that people experience as losses caused by the debilitating symptoms of heart failure. The category ‘protecting independences’ shows the different ways in which people try to keep control over their lives. The category ‘readjustment’ presents how people try to seek a new ‘wholeness’ in life after the changes heart failure have caused by using acceptance, adaptation and finding new meanings.

    Conclusion: Living with congestive heart failure can be experienced as a synopsis of the «suffering human being» on a continuum, a time axle; from falling ill to seeking a new meaning in life.

  • 126. Barremo, Ann-Sofi
    et al.
    Bruce, Elisabeth
    Sundin, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Omvårdnad.
    Persons' experiences of living with congestive heart failure: a systematic literature review2008In: Vård i Norden, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 34-8Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 127.
    Baxter, Rebecca
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Edvardsson, David
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. School of Nursing and Midwifery, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Impact of a critical care postgraduate certificate course on nurses' self-reported competence and confidence: A quasi-experimental study2018In: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 65, p. 156-161Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Postgraduate education is said to support the development of nurses' professional competence and confidence, essential to the delivery of safe and effective care. However, there is a shortness of empirical evidence to demonstrate an increase to nurses' self-reported confidence and competence on completion of critical care postgraduate certificate-level education.

    Objectives: To explore the impact of a critical care postgraduate certificate course on nurses' self-reported competence and confidence. To explore the psychometric properties and performance of the Critical Care Competence and Confidence Questionnaire.

    Design: A quasi-experimental pre/post-test design.

    Participants: A total population sample of nurses completing a critical care postgraduate certificate course at an Australian University.

    Methods: The Critical Care Competence and Confidence Questionnaire was developed for this study to measure nurses' self-reported competence and confidence at baseline and follow up. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to explore sample characteristics and changes between baseline and follow-up. Reliability of the questionnaire was explored using Cronbach's Alpha and item-total correlations.

    Results: There was a statistically significant increase in competence and confidence between baseline and follow-up across all questionnaire domains. Satisfactory reliability estimates were found for the questionnaire.

    Conclusions: Completion of a critical care postgraduate certificate course significantly increased nurses' perceived competence and confidence. The Critical Care Competence and Confidence Questionnaire was found to be psychometrically sound for measuring nurses' self-reported competence and confidence.

  • 128.
    Bay, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.
    Dellborg, Mikael
    Berghammer, Malin
    Sandberg, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.
    Engström, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Moons, Philip
    Johansson, Bengt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.
    Patient reported outcomes are associated with physical activity level in adults with congenital heart disease2017In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 243, p. 174-179Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In general, adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) have impaired exercise capacity, and approximately 50% do not reach current recommendations on physical activity. Herein we analysed factors associated with physical activity level (PAL) in adults with CHD by using patient-reported outcomes (PRO). Methods: Patients with CHD (n = 471) were randomly selected from the national register on CHD and categorized according to complexity of lesions -simple (n = 172, 39.1 +/- 14.6 years), moderate (n = 212, 39 +/- 14.1 years), and severe (n = 87, 31.7 +/- 10.7 years). Participants completed a standardized questionnaire measuring PRO-domains including PAL. Variables associated with PAL were tested in multivariate logistic regression. Results: PAL was categorized into high (>= 3 METs = 2.5 h/week, n = 192) and low (>= 3 METs <2.5 h/week, n = 279). Patients with low PAL were older (42.6 vs. 35.8 years, p = 0.001), had more prescribed medications (51% vs. 39%, p = 0.009), more symptoms (25% vs. 16%, p = 0.02) and comorbidity (45% vs. 34% p= 0.02). Patients with low PAL rated a lower quality of life (76.6 vs. 83.4, p < 0.001), satisfaction with life (25.6 vs. 27.3, p = 0.003), a lower Physical Component Summary score (PCS) (78.1 vs. 90.5, p < 0.001) andMental Component Summary score (MCS) (73.5 vs. 79.5, p < 0.001). Complexity of heart lesion was not associated with PAL. The included PROs-separately tested in the model, together with age were associated with PAL. Conclusions: PCS and MCS are stronger associated with PAL than age and medical factors. The use of these PROs could therefore provide valuable information of benefit for individualized advice regarding physical activity to patients with CHD.

  • 129.
    Bay, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lämås, Kristina
    Berghammer, Malin
    Sandberg, Camilla
    Johansson, Bengt
    Enablers and barriers for being physically active: experiences from adults with congenital heart diseaseManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 130.
    Bay, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
    Lämås, Kristina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Berghammer, Malin
    Sandberg, Camilla
    Johansson, Bengt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Cardiology.
    It's like balancing on a slackline: a description of how adults with congenital heart disease describe themselves in relation to physical activity2018In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 27, no 15-16, p. 3131-3138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To illuminate how adults with CHD describe themselves in relation to physical activity.

    BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) have reduced exercise capacity and do not reach the recommended daily level of physical activity. With this in view, it is of immense importance to investigate how this population experiences physical activity.

    DESIGN: Qualitative study with semi-structured interviews analysed with qualitative content analysis.

    METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were individually performed with fourteen adults (women=7, age 19-68 years) with complex CHD. Patients were purposively recruited from the clinic waiting list, based on a scheduled follow-up and diagnosis.

    RESULTS: The overall theme, It's like balancing on a slackline, illustrates how adults with CHD described themselves in relation to physical activity. This overall theme consisted of four subthemes: (1) Being an adventurer- enjoying the challenges of physical activity; (2) Being a realist- adapting to physical ability; (3) Being a non-doer- lacking prerequisites for physical activity; and (4) Being an outsider- feeling excluded depending on physical ability.

    CONCLUSIONS: Adults with CHD seem to have a diverse relationship to physical activity and it involves various aspects throughout the lifespan. The findings point out factors that might constitute as obstacles for being physically active, specific for people with chronic conditions like CHD. This highlights the importance of further exploring the hindering and facilitating factors for being physically active in order to get a deeper understanding of how to support adults with CHD to be physically active.

    RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Given the diverse relationship to physical activity, nurses have to further investigate the patients' relationship to physical activity, in order to support a healthy lifestyle. Nurses and allied health professionals should offer individualized exercise prescriptions and education about suitable physical activities in relation to physical ability. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  • 131.
    Bay, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Sandberg, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Thilén, Ulf
    Wadell, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Johansson, Bengt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
    Exercise self-efficacy in adults with congenital heart disease2018In: International Journal of Cardiology: Heart and vasculature, E-ISSN 2352-9067, Vol. 18, p. 7-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Physical activity improves health, exercise tolerance and quality of life in adults with congenital heart disease (CHD), and exercise training is in most patients a high-benefit low risk intervention. However, factors that influence the confidence to perform exercise training, i.e. exercise self-efficacy (ESE), in CHD patients are virtually unknown. We aimed to identify factors related to low ESE in adults with CHD, and potential strategies for being physically active.

    Methods: Seventy-nine adults with CHD; 38 with simple lesions (16 women) and 41 with complex lesions (17 women) with mean age 36.7 ± 14.6 years and 42 matched controls were recruited. All participants completed questionnaires on ESE and quality of life, carried an activity monitor (Actiheart) during four consecutive days and performed muscle endurance tests.

    Results: ESE in patients was categorised into low, based on the lowest quartile within controls, (≤ 29 points, n = 34) and high (> 29 points, n = 45). Patients with low ESE were older (42.9 ± 15.1 vs. 32.0 ± 12.4 years, p = 0.001), had more complex lesions (65% vs. 42%, p = 0.05) more often had New York Heart Association functional class III (24% vs. 4%, p = 0.01) and performed fewer shoulder flexions (32.5 ± 15.5 vs. 47.7 ± 25.0, p = 0.001) compared with those with high ESE. In a logistic multivariate model age (OR; 1.06, 95% CI 1.02-1.10), and number of shoulder flexions (OR; 0.96, 95% CI 0.93-0.99) were associated with ESE.

    Conclusion: In this study we show that many adults with CHD have low ESE. Age is an important predictor of low ESE and should, therefore, be considered in counselling patients with CHD. In addition, muscle endurance training may improve ESE, and thus enhance the potential for being physically active in this population.

  • 132.
    Beckman, Emelie
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Larsson, Anna-Maja
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Känslor av utsatthet: En litteraturstudie om erfarenheter av mötet med sjukvårdspersonal för kvinnor utsatta för partnerrelaterat våld2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Intimate partner violence is a public health problem and women are more exposed. Women suffering from intimate partner violence are visiting the health care twice as much compared to other women. The health care workers often fails to identify and help the women.

    Aim: The aim of the study is to illuminate the experience of encounters with health care professionals for women exposed to intimate partner violence.

    Methods: Literature study with qualitative approach. Twelve scientific qualitative studies have been analyzed with content analysis. Three categories with eight subcategories were compiled into a result.

    Findings: The women wanted to be asked about intimate partner violence by health care professional. Many women found it difficult disclosing violence. Many women stated that they had not got the help or the information they needed.  Women who had positive experiences described the importance of relevant information and an emphatic approach.

    Conclusion: The women had mostly negative experiences of the encounters with the health care professionals. The health care professionals needs more education to be able to give a good health care. 

  • 133.
    Belander, Elina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Nordlund, Felicia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Föräldrars erfarenheter av att leva med ett barn som har typ 1 diabetes: -En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    Title: Parents' experiences of living with a child with type 1 diabetes

    Background: Type 1 diabetes is a disease that mainly affects children and adolescents, it requires a lifelong treatment. This means a change in daily life and in the parenthood for the parents. The parents may have a need for support from the nurse and the diabetes team.

    Aim: To illuminate parents' experiences of living with a child with type 1 diabetes.

    Method: A literature study was conducted. Database search was performed in CINAHL, SCOPUS and PubMed. The results of eight qualitative studies were reviewed, analyzed and compiled.

    Result: The result was compiled into three categories: Becoming a parent to a child with type 1 diabetes, facing challenges in everyday life and to receive/not receive support from the environment.

    Conclusion: Parents of a child with type 1 diabetes may experience a change in their role as a parent after the child has received the diagnosis. Family-focused care includes parental involvement which can, if the nurse if being responsive, enchance their ability to perform care of their child with type 1 diabetes.

  • 134. Bellelli, Giuseppe
    et al.
    Mazzola, Paolo
    Morandi, Alessandro
    Bruni, Adriana
    Carnevali, Lucio
    Corsi, Maurizio
    Zatti, Giovanni
    Zambon, Antonella
    Corrao, Giovanni
    Olofsson, Birgitta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Gustafson, Yngve
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine.
    Annoni, Giorgio
    Duration of Postoperative Delirium Is an Independent Predictor of 6-Month Mortality in Older Adults After Hip Fracture2014In: Journal of The American Geriatrics Society, ISSN 0002-8614, E-ISSN 1532-5415, Vol. 62, no 7, p. 1335-1340Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between number of days with delirium and 6-month mortality in elderly adults after hip fracture surgery. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study with 6-month follow-up. SETTING: Orthogeriatric Unit (OGU). PARTICIPANTS: Individuals (mean age = 84.3 +/- 6.4) admitted to the OGU between October 2011 and April 2013 with hip fracture (N = 199). MEASUREMENTS: Postoperative delirium (POD) was assessed daily using the Confusion Assessment Method algorithm and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision, criteria. Multivariable Cox regression models were used to evaluate the association between POD of and 6-month mortality after surgery, after adjustment for covariates including age, prefracture residence, Katz activity of daily living score, New Mobility score, diagnosis of prefracture dementia, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, albumin serum levels, Charlson Comorbidity Index, and length of OGU stay. RESULTS: Fifty-seven participants (28.6%) developed POD. In the 6-month period after surgery, 35 (17.6%) participants died: 16 of 57 (28.1%) with POD and 19 / of 142 (13.4%) with no POD. The average duration of POD was 2.0 +/- 3.2 days for participants who died and 0.7 +/- 1.8 days for those who survived (P < .001). After adjusting for covariates, each day of POD in the OGU increased the hazard of dying at 6 months by 17% (hazard ratio = 1.17, 95% confidence interval = 1.07-1.28). CONCLUSION: In older adults undergoing hip fracture surgery, duration of POD is an important prognostic factor for 6-month mortality. Efforts to reduce duration of POD are therefore crucial for these individuals.

  • 135. Benedetti, Franzisca Domeisen
    et al.
    Ostgathe, Christoph
    Clark, Jean
    Costantini, Massimo
    Daud, Maria Laura
    Grossenbacher-Gschwend, Barbara
    Latten, Richard
    Lindqvist, Olav
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Peternelj, Andreja
    Schuler, Stefanie
    Tal, Kali
    van der Heide, Agnes
    Eychmueller, Steffen
    International palliative care experts' view on phenomena indicating the last hours and days of life2013In: Supportive Care in Cancer, ISSN 0941-4355, E-ISSN 1433-7339, Vol. 21, no 6, p. 1509-1517Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Providing the highest quality care for dying patients should be a core clinical proficiency and an integral part of comprehensive management, as fundamental as diagnosis and treatment. The aim of this study was to provide expert consensus on phenomena for identification and prediction of the last hours or days of a patient's life. This study is part of the OPCARE9 project, funded by the European Commission's Seventh Framework Programme. The phenomena associated with approaching death were generated using Delphi technique. The Delphi process was set up in three cycles to collate a set of useful and relevant phenomena that identify and predict the last hours and days of life. Each cycle included: (1) development of the questionnaire, (2) distribution of the Delphi questionnaire and (3) review and synthesis of findings. The first Delphi cycle of 252 participants (health care professionals, volunteers, public) generated 194 different phenomena, perceptions and observations. In the second cycle, these phenomena were checked for their specific ability to diagnose the last hours/days of life. Fifty-eight phenomena achieved more than 80 % expert consensus and were grouped into nine categories. In the third cycle, these 58 phenomena were ranked by a group of palliative care experts (78 professionals, including physicians, nurses, psycho-social-spiritual support; response rate 72 %, see Table 1) in terms of clinical relevance to the prediction that a person will die within the next few hours/days. Twenty-one phenomena were determined to have "high relevance" by more than 50 % of the experts. Based on these findings, the changes in the following categories (each consisting of up to three phenomena) were considered highly relevant to clinicians in identifying and predicting a patient's last hours/days of life: "breathing", "general deterioration", "consciousness/cognition", "skin", "intake of fluid, food, others", "emotional state" and "non-observations/expressed opinions/other". Experts from different professional backgrounds identified a set of categories describing a structure within which clinical phenomena can be clinically assessed, in order to more accurately predict whether someone will die within the next days or hours. However, these phenomena need further specification for clinical use.

  • 136. Bengtsson-Tops, A
    et al.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing.
    Tops, D
    Staff experience and understanding of working with abused women suffering from mental illness.2009In: Health & social care in the community, ISSN 1365-2524, Vol. 17, no 5, p. 459-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The phenomenon of abused women with mental illness is often unrecognised by staff working within welfare services. This may be explained by staff members' attitudes, insecurity or lack of awareness. Today, there are shortcomings in the knowledge of staff members' experiences and interpretations of abuse against women suffering from mental illness. The aim of this qualitative study was to describe how staff members experience and understand their work with abused women suffering from mental illness. Thematic interviews were conducted with 13 staff members from various welfare services. Data were subject to content analysis. The findings showed that working with abused women was experienced as ambiguous and painful and made the staff act pragmatically. Feelings of ambiguity were mainly related to the lack of theoretical frameworks for interpreting why women with mental illness are exposed to abuse. Painful experiences involved intertwined feelings of distress, frustration, worthlessness, ambivalence and powerlessness. These were all feelings that emerged in the direct encounters with the abused women. In response to the abused women's comprehensive needs, staff members acted pragmatically, implying networking without any sanction from the leaders of the organisation, compliance with routines and taking action in here-and-now situations. By acting pragmatically, staff members could achieve concrete results through their interventions. It is concluded that staff members, working with abused women with mental illness, are in a vulnerable situation and in need of formally accepted and implemented support and legitimacy as well as theoretical knowledge regarding causes and consequences of abuse in this particular group of women.

  • 137. Bentham, James
    et al.
    Di Cesare, Mariachiara
    Stevens, Gretchen A.
    Zhou, Bin
    Bixby, Honor
    Cowan, Melanie
    Fortunato, Lea
    Bennett, James E.
    Danaei, Goodarz
    Hajifathalian, Kaveh
    Lu, Yuan
    Riley, Leanne M.
    Laxmaiah, Avula
    Kontis, Vasilis
    Paciorek, Christopher J.
    Riboli, Elio
    Ezzati, Majid
    Abdeen, Ziad A.
    Hamid, Zargar Abdul
    Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M.
    Acosta-Cazares, Benjamin
    Adams, Robert
    Aekplakorn, Wichai
    Aguilar-Salinas, Carlos A.
    Agyemang, Charles
    Ahmadvand, Alireza
    Ahrens, Wolfgang
    Al-Hazzaa, Hazzaa M.
    Al-Othman, Amani Rashed
    Al Raddadi, Rajaa
    Ali, Mohamed M.
    Alkerwi, Ala'a
    Alvarez-Pedrerol, Mar
    Aly, Eman
    Amouyel, Philippe
    Amuzu, Antoinette
    Andersen, Lars Bo
    Anderssen, Sigmund A.
    Anjana, Ranjit Mohan
    Aounallah-Skhiri, Hajer
    Ariansen, Inger
    Aris, Tahir
    Arlappa, Nimmathota
    Arveiler, Dominique
    Assah, Felix K.
    Avdicova, Maria
    Azizi, Fereidoun
    Babu, Bontha V.
    Bahijri, Suhad
    Balakrishna, Nagalla
    Bandosz, Piotr
    Banegas, Jose R.
    Barbagallo, Carlo M.
    Barcelo, Alberto
    Barkat, Amina
    Barros, Mauro V.
    Bata, Iqbal
    Batieha, Anwar M.
    Batista, Rosangela L.
    Baur, Louise A.
    Beaglehole, Robert
    Ben Romdhane, Habiba
    Benet, Mikhail
    Bernabe-Ortiz, Antonio
    Bernotine, Gailute
    Bettiol, Heloisa
    Bhagyalaxmi, Aroor
    Bharadwaj, Sumit
    Bhargava, Santosh K.
    Bhatti, Zaid
    Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.
    Bi, Hongsheng
    Bi, Yufang
    Bjerregaard, Peter
    Bjertness, Espen
    Bjertness, Marius B.
    Bjorkelund, Cecilia
    Blokstra, Anneke
    Bo, Simona
    Bobak, Martin
    Boddy, Lynne M.
    Boehm, Bernhard O.
    Boeing, Heiner
    Boissonnet, Carlos P.
    Bongard, Vanina
    Bovet, Pascal
    Braeckman, Lutgart
    Bragt, Marjolijn C. E.
    Brajkovich, Imperia
    Branca, Francesco
    Breckenkamp, Juergen
    Brenner, Hermann
    Brewster, Lizzy M.
    Brian, Garry R.
    Bruno, Graziella
    Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. B(as)
    Bugge, Anna
    Burns, Con
    Cabrera de Leon, Antonio
    Cacciottolo, Joseph
    Cama, Tilema
    Cameron, Christine
    Camolas, Jose
    Can, Gunay
    Candido, Ana Paula C.
    Capuano, Vincenzo
    Cardoso, Viviane C.
    Carlsson, Axel C.
    Carvalho, Maria J.
    Casanueva, Felipe F.
    Casas, Juan-Pablo
    Caserta, Carmelo A.
    Chamukuttan, Snehalatha
    Chan, Angelique W.
    Chan, Queenie
    Chaturvedi, Himanshu K.
    Chaturvedi, Nishi
    Chen, Chien-Jen
    Chen, Fangfang
    Chen, Huashuai
    Chen, Shuohua
    Chen, Zhengming
    Cheng, Ching-Yu
    Chetrit, Angela
    Chiolero, Arnaud
    Chiou, Shu-Ti
    Chirita-Emandi, Adela
    Cho, Belong
    Cho, Yumi
    Christensen, Kaare
    Chudek, Jerzy
    Cifkova, Renata
    Claessens, Frank
    Clays, Els
    Concin, Hans
    Cooper, Cyrus
    Cooper, Rachel
    Coppinger, Tara C.
    Costanzo, Simona
    Cottel, Dominique
    Cowell, Chris
    Craig, Cora L.
    Crujeiras, Ana B.
    D'Arrigo, Graziella
    d'Orsi, Eleonora
    Dallongeville, Jean
    Damasceno, Albertino
    Damsgaard, Camilla T.
    Dankner, Rachel
    Dauchet, Luc
    De Backer, Guy
    De Bacque, Dirk
    de Gaetano, Giovanni
    De Hanauw, Stefaan
    De Smedt, Delphine
    Deepa, Mohan
    Deev, Alexander D.
    Dehghan, Abbas
    Delisle, Helene
    Delpeuch, Francis
    Deschamps, Valerie
    Dhana, Klodian
    Di Castelnuovo, Augusto F.
    Dias-da-Costa, Juvenal Soares
    Diaz, Alejandro
    Djalalinia, Shirin
    Do, Ha T. P.
    Dobson, Annette J.
    Donfrancesco, Chiara
    Donoso, Silvana P.
    Doering, Angela
    Doua, Kouamelan
    Drygas, Wojciech
    Dzerve, Vilnis
    Egbagbe, Eruke E.
    Eggertsen, Robert
    Ekelund, Ulf
    El Ati, Jalila
    Elliott, Paul
    Engle-Stone, Reina
    Erasmus, Rajiv T.
    Erem, Cihangir
    Eriksen, Loise
    Escobedo-de la Pena, Jorge
    Evans, Alun
    Faeh, David
    Fall, Caroline H.
    Farzadfar, Farshad
    Felix-Redondo, Francisco J.
    Ferguson, Trevor S.
    Fernandez-Berges, Daniel
    Ferrante, Daniel
    Ferrari, Marika
    Ferreccio, Catterina
    Ferrieres, Jean
    Finn, Joseph D.
    Fischer, Krista
    Monterubio Flores, Eric
    Foeger, Bernhard
    Foo, Leng Huat
    Forslund, Ann-Sofie
    Forsner, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. Högskolan Dalarna.
    Fortmann, Stephen P.
    Francis, Heba M.
    Francis, Damian K.
    do Carmo Franco, Maria
    Franco, Oscar H.
    Frontera, Guillermo
    Fuchs, Flavio D.
    Fuchs, Sandra C.
    Fujita, Yuki
    Furusawa, Takuro
    Gaciong, Zbigniew
    Gafencu, Mihai
    Gareta, Dickman
    Garnett, Sarah P.
    Gaspoz, Jean-Michel
    Gasull, Magda
    Gates, Louise
    Geleijnse, Johanna M.
    Ghasemian, Anoosheh
    Giampaoli, Simona
    Gianfagna, Francesco
    Giovannelli, Jonathan
    Giwercman, Aleksander
    Goldsmith, Rebecca A.
    Goncalves, Helen
    Gonzalez Gross, Marcela
    Gonzalez Rivas, Juan P.
    Bonet Gorbea, Mariano
    Gottrand, Frederic
    Graff-Iversen, Sidsel
    Grafnetter, Dusan
    Grajda, Aneta
    Grammatikopoulou, Maria G.
    Gregor, Ronald D.
    Grodzicki, Tomasz
    Grontved, Anders
    Gruden, Grabriella
    Grujic, Vera
    Gu, Dongfeng
    Gualdi-Russo, Emanuela
    Guan, Ong Peng
    Gudnason, Vilmundur
    Guerrero, Ramiro
    Guessous, Idris
    Guimaraes, Andre L.
    Gulliford, Martin C.
    Gunnlaugsdottir, Johanna
    Gunter, Marc
    Guo, Xiuhua
    Guo, Yin
    Gupta, Prakash C.
    Gureje, Oye
    Gurzkowska, Beata
    Gutierrez, Laura
    Gutzwiller, Felix
    Halkjaer, Jytte
    Hambleton, Ian R.
    Hardy, Rebecca
    Kumar, Rachakulla Hari
    Hata, Jun
    Hayes, Alison J.
    He, Jiang
    Hendriks, Marleen Ekisabeth
    Hernandez Cadena, Leticia
    Herrala, Sauli
    Heshmat, Ramin
    Hihtaniemi, Ilpo Tapani
    Ho, Sai Yin
    Ho, Suzanne C.
    Hobbs, Michael
    Hofman, Albert
    Hormiga, Claudi M.
    Horta, Bernardo L.
    Houti, Leila
    Howitt, Christina
    Htay, Thein Thein
    Htet, Aung Soe
    Htike, Maung Maung Than
    Hu, Yonghua
    Husseini, Abdullatif
    Huu, Chinh Nguyen
    Huybrechts, Inge
    Hwalla, Nahla
    Iacoviello, Licia
    Iannone, Anna G.
    Ibrahim, Mohsen M.
    Ikeda, Nayu
    Ikram, M. Arfan
    Irazola, Vilma E.
    Islam, Muhammad
    Ivkovic, Vanja
    Iwasaki, Masanori
    Jackson, Rod T.
    Jacobs, Jeremy M.
    Jafar, Tazeen
    Jamil, Kazi M.
    Jamrozik, Konrad
    Janszky, Imre
    Jasienska, Grazyna
    Jelakovic, Bojan
    Jiang, Chao Qiang
    Joffres, Michel
    Johansson, Mattias
    Jonas, Jost B.
    Jorgensen, Torben
    Joshi, Pradeep
    Juolevi, Anne
    Jurak, Gregor
    Juresa, Vesno
    Kaaks, Rudolf
    Kafatos, Anthony
    Kalter-Leibovici, Ofra
    Kapantais, Efthymios
    Kasaeian, Amir
    Katz, Joanne
    Kaur, Prabhdeep
    Kavousi, Maryam
    Keil, Ulrich
    Boker, Lital Keinan
    Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, Sirkka
    Kelishadi, Roya
    Kemper, Han C. G.
    Kengne, Andre P.
    Kersting, Mathilde
    Key, Timothy
    Khader, Yousef Saleh
    Khalili, Davood
    Khang, Young-Ho
    Khaw, Kay-Tee H.
    Khouw, Ilse M. S. L.
    Kiechl, Stefan
    Killewo, Japhet
    Kim, Jeongseon
    Klimont, Jeannette
    Klumbiene, Jurate
    Koirala, Bhawesh
    Kolle, Elin
    Kolsteren, Patrick
    Korrovits, Paul
    Koskinen, Seppo
    Kouda, Katsuyasu
    Koziel, Slawomir
    Kratzer, Wolfgang
    Krokstad, Steinar
    Kromhout, Daan
    Kruger, Herculina S.
    Kubinova, Ruzena
    Kujala, Urho M.
    Kula, Krzysztof
    Kulaga, Zbigniew
    Kumar, R. Krishna
    Kurjata, Pawel
    Kusuma, Yadlapalli S.
    Kuulasmaa, Kari
    Kyobutungi, Catherine
    Laamiri, Fatima Zahra
    Laatikainen, Tiina
    Lachat, Carl
    Laid, Youcef
    Lam, Tai Hing
    Landrove, Orlando
    Lanska, Vera
    Lappas, Georg
    Larijani, Bagher
    Laugsand, Lars E.
    Bao, Khanh Le Nguyen
    Le, Tuyen D
    Leclercq, Catherine
    Lee, Jeannette
    Lee, Jeonghee
    Lehtimaki, Terho
    Lekhraj, Rampal
    Leon-Munoz, Luz M.
    Li, Yanping
    Lilly, Christa L.
    Lim, Wei-Yen
    Fernanda Lima-Costa, M.
    Lin, Hsien-Ho
    Lin, Xu
    Linneberg, Allan
    Lissner, Lauren
    Litwin, Mieczyslaw
    Liu, Jing
    Lorbeer, Roberto
    Lotufo, Paulo A.
    Eugenio Lozano, Jose
    Luksiene, Dalia
    Lundqvist, Annamari
    Lunet, Nuno
    Ma, Guansheng
    Ma, Jun
    Machado-Coelho, George L. L.
    Machi, Suka
    Maggi, Stefania
    Magliano, Dianna J.
    Maire, Bernard
    Makdisse, Marcia
    Malekzadeh, Reza
    Malhotra, Rahul
    Rao, Kodavanti Mallikharjuna
    Malyutina, Sofia
    Manios, Yannis
    Mann, Jim I.
    Manzato, Enzo
    Margozzini, Paula
    Markey, Oonagh
    Marques-Vidal, Pedro
    Marrugat, Jaume
    Martin-Prevel, Yves
    Martorell, Reynaldo
    Masoodi, Shariq R.
    Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.
    Matsha, Tandi E.
    Mazur, Artur
    Mbanya, Jean Claude N.
    McFarlane, Shelly R.
    McGarvey, Stephen T.
    McKee, Martin
    McLachlan, Stela
    McLean, Rachael M.
    McNulty, Breige A.
    Yusof, Safiah Md
    Mediene-Benchekor, Sounnia
    Meirhaeghe, Aline
    Meisinger, Christa
    Menezes, Ana Maria B.
    Mensink, Gert B. M.
    Meshram, Indrapal I.
    Metspalu, Andres
    Mi, Jie
    Michaelsen, Kim F.
    Mikkel, Kairit
    Miller, Jody C.
    Francisco Miquel, Juan
    Jaime Miranda, J.
    Misigoj-Durakovic, Marjeta
    Mohamed, Mostafa K.
    Mohammad, Kazem
    Mohammadifard, Noushin
    Mohan, Viswanathan
    Yusoff, Muhammad Fadhli Mohd
    Molbo, Drude
    Moller, Niels C.
    Molnar, Denes
    Mondo, Charles K.
    Monterrubio, Eric A.
    Monyeki, Kotsedi Daniel K.
    Moreira, Leila B.
    Morejon, Alain
    Moreno, Luis A.
    Morgan, Karen
    Mortensen, Erik Lykke
    Moschonis, George
    Mossakowska, Malgorzata
    Mostafa, Aya
    Mota, Jorge
    Motlagh, Mohammad Esmaeel
    Motta, Jorge
    Mu, Thet Thet
    Muiesan, Maria Lorenza
    Mueller-Nurasyid, Martina
    Murphy, Neil
    Mursu, Jaakko
    Murtagh, Elaine M.
    Musa, Kamarul Imran
    Musil, Vera
    Nagel, Gabriele
    Nakamura, Harunobu
    Namesna, Jana
    Nang, Ei Ei K.
    Nangia, Vinay B.
    Nankap, Martin
    Narake, Sameer
    Maria Navarrete-Munoz, Eva
    Neal, William A.
    Nenko, Ilona
    Neovius, Martin
    Nervi, Flavio
    Neuhauser, Hannelore K.
    Nguyen, Nguyen D.
    Nguyen, Quang Ngoc
    Nieto-Martinez, Ramfis E.
    Ning, Guang
    Ninomiya, Toshiharu
    Nishtar, Sania
    Noale, Marianna
    Norat, Teresa
    Noto, Davide
    Al Nsour, Mohannad
    O'Reilly, Dermot
    Oh, Kyungwon
    Olayan, Iman H.
    Anselmo Olinto, Maria Teresa
    Oltarzewski, Maciej
    Omar, Mohd A.
    Onat, Altan
    Ordunez, Pedro
    Ortiz, Ana P.
    Osler, Merete
    Osmond, Clive
    Ostojic, Sergej M.
    Otero, Johanna A.
    Overvad, Kim
    Owusu-Dabo, Ellis
    Paccaud, Fred Michel
    Padez, Cristina
    Pahomova, Elena
    Pajak, Andrzej
    Palli, Domenico
    Palloni, Alberto
    Palmieri, Luigi
    Panda-Jonas, Songhomitra
    Panza, Francesco
    Parnell, Winsome R.
    Parsaeian, Mahboubeh
    Pecin, Ivan
    Pednekar, Mangesh S.
    Peeters, Petra H.
    Peixoto, Sergio Viana
    Peltonen, Markku
    Pereira, Alexandre C.
    Perez, Cynthia M.
    Peters, Annette
    Petkeviciene, Janina
    Peykari, Niloofar
    Pham, Son Thai
    Pigeot, Iris
    Pikhart, Hynek
    Pilav, Aida
    Pilotto, Lorenza
    Pistelli, Francesco
    Pitakaka, Freda
    Piwonska, Aleksandra
    Plans-Rubio, Pedro
    Poh, Bee Koon
    Porta, Miquel
    Portegies, Marileen L. P.
    Poulimeneas, Dimitrios
    Pradeepa, Rajendra
    Prashant, Mathur
    Price, Jacqueline F.
    Puiu, Maria
    Punab, Margus
    Qasrawi, Radwan F.
    Qorbani, Mostafa
    Bao, Tran Quoc
    Radic, Ivana
    Radisauskas, Ricardas
    Rahman, Mahmudur
    Raitakari, Olli
    Raj, Manu
    Rao, Sudha Ramachandra
    Ramachandran, Ambady
    Ramke, Jacqueline
    Ramos, Rafel
    Rampal, Sanjay
    Rasmussen, Finn
    Redon, Josep
    Reganit, Paul Ferdinand M.
    Ribeiro, Robespierre
    Rigo, Fernando
    de Wit, Tobias F. Rinke
    Ritti-Dias, Raphael M.
    Rivera, Juan A.
    Robinson, Sian M.
    Robitaille, Cynthia
    Rodri-guez-Artalejo, Fernando
    del Cristo Rodriguez-Perez, Maria
    Rodriguez-Villamizar, Laura A.
    Rojas-Martinez, Rosalba
    Rojroongwasinkul, Nipa
    Romaguera, Dora
    Ronkainen, Kimmo
    Rosengren, Annika
    Rouse, Ian
    Rubinstein, Adolfo
    Ruhli, Frank J.
    Rui, Ornelas
    Sandra Ruiz-Betancourt, Blanca
    Horimoto, Andrea R. V. Russo
    Rutkowski, Marcin
    Sabanayagam, Charumathi
    Sachdev, Harshpal S.
    Saidi, Olfa
    Salanave, Benoit
    Salazar Martinez, Eduardo
    Salomaa, Veikko
    Salonen, Jukka T.
    Salvetti, Massimo
    Sanchez-Abanto, Jose
    Sandjaja,
    Sans, Susana
    Santos, Diana A.
    Santos, Osvaldo
    dos Santos, Renata Nunes
    Santos, Rute
    Saramies, Jouko L.
    Sardinha, Luis B.
    Sarrafzadegan, Nizal
    Saum, Kai-Uwe
    Savva, Savvas C.
    Scazufca, Marcia
    Rosario, Angelika Schaffrath
    Schargrodsky, Herman
    Schienkiewitz, Anja
    Schmidt, Ida Maria
    Schneider, Ione J.
    Schultsz, Constance
    Schutte, Aletta E.
    Sein, Aye Aye
    Sen, Abhijit
    Senbanjo, Idowu O.
    Sepanlou, Sadaf G.
    Shalnova, Svetlana A.
    Sharma, Sanjib K.
    Shaw, Jonathan E.
    Shibuya, Kenji
    Shin, Dong Wook
    Shin, Youchan
    Shiri, Rahman
    Siantar, Rosalynn
    Sibai, Abla M.
    Silva, Antonio M.
    Santos Silva, Diego Augusto
    Simon, Mary
    Simons, Judith
    Simons, Leon A.
    Sjostrom, Michael
    Slowikowska-Hilczer, Jolanta
    Slusarczyk, Przemyslaw
    Smeeth, Liam
    Smith, Margaret C.
    Snijder, Marieke B.
    So, Hung-Kwan
    Sobngwi, Eugene
    Söderberg, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.
    Soekatri, Moesijanti Y. E.
    Solfrizzi, Vincenzo
    Sonestedt, Emily
    Song, Yi
    Sorensen, Thorkild I. A.
    Soric, Maroje
    Jerome, Charles Sossa
    Soumare, Aicha
    Staessen, Jan A.
    Starc, Gregor
    Stathopoulou, Maria G.
    Staub, Kaspar
    Stavreski, Bill
    Steene-Johannessen, Jostein
    Stehle, Peter
    Stein, Aryeh D.
    Stergiou, George S.
    Stessman, Jochanan
    Stieber, Jutta
    Stoeckl, Doris
    Stocks, Tanja
    Stokwiszewski, Jakub
    Stratton, Gareth
    Stronks, Karien
    Strufaldi, Maria Wany
    Sun, Chien-An
    Sundstroem, Johan
    Sung, Yn-Tz
    Sunyer, Jordi
    Suriyawongpaisal, Paibul
    Swinburn, Boyd A.
    Sy, Rody G.
    Szponar, Lucjan
    Tai, E. Shyong
    Tammesoo, Mari-Liis
    Tamosiunas, Abdonas
    Tang, Line
    Tang, Xun
    Tanser, Frank
    Tao, Yong
    Tarawneh, Mohammed Rasoul
    Tarp, Jakob
    Tarqui-Mamani, Carolina B.
    Taylor, Anne
    Tchibindat, Felicite
    Theobald, Holger
    Thijs, Lutgarde
    Thuesen, Betina H.
    Tjonneland, Anne
    Tolonen, Hanna K.
    Tolstrup, Janne S.
    Topbas, Murat
    Topor-Madry, Roman
    Torrent, Maties
    Toselli, Stefania
    Traissac, Pierre
    Trichopoulou, Antonia
    Trichopoulos, Dimitrios
    Trinh, Oanh T. H.
    Trivedi, Atul
    Tshepo, Lechaba
    Tulloch-Reid, Marshall K.
    Tuomainen, Tomi-Pekka
    Tuomilehto, Jaakko
    Turley, Maria L.
    Tynelius, Per
    Tzotzas, Themistoklis
    Tzourio, Christophe
    Ueda, Peter
    Ukoli, Flora A. M.
    Ulmer, Hanno
    Unal, Belgin
    Uusitalo, Hannu M. T.
    Valdivia, Gonzalo
    Vale, Susana
    Valvi, Damaskini
    van der Schouw, Yvonne T.
    Van Herck, Koen
    Minh, Hoang Van
    van Rossem, Lenie
    van Valkengoed, Irene G. M.
    Vanderschueren, Dirk
    Vanuzzo, Diego
    Vatten, Lars
    Vega, Tomas
    Velasquez-Melendez, Gustavo
    Veronesi, Giovanni
    Verschuren, W. M. Monique
    Verstraeten, Roosmarijn
    Victora, Cesar G.
    Viegi, Giovanni
    Viet, Lucie
    Viikari-Juntura, Eira
    Vineis, Paolo
    Vioque, Jesus
    Virtanen, Jyrki K.
    Visvikis-Siest, Sophie
    Viswanathan, Bharathi
    Vollenweider, Peter
    Voutilainen, Sari
    Vrdoljak, Ana
    Vrijheid, Martine
    Wade, Alisha N.
    Wagner, Aline
    Walton, Janette
    Mohamud, Wan Nazaimoon Wan
    Wang, Ming-Dong
    Wang, Qian
    Wang, Ya Xing
    Wannamethee, S. Goya
    Wareham, Nicholas
    Weerasekera, Deepa
    Whincup, Peter H.
    Widhalm, Kurt
    Widyahening, Indah S.
    Wiecek, Andrzej
    Wijga, Alet H.
    Wilks, Rainford J.
    Willeit, Johann
    Wilsgaard, Tom
    Wojtyniak, Bogdan
    Wong, Jyh Eiin
    Wong, Tien Yin
    Woo, Jean
    Woodward, Mark
    Wu, Frederick C.
    Wu, Jianfeng
    Wu, Shou Ling
    Xu, Haiquan
    Xu, Liang
    Yamborisut, Uruwan
    Yan, Weili
    Yang, Xiaoguang
    Yardim, Nazan
    Ye, Xingwang
    Yiallouros, Panayiotis K.
    Yoshihara, Akihiro
    You, Qi Sheng
    Younger-Coleman, Novie O.
    Yusoff, Ahmad F.
    Zainuddin, Ahmad A.
    Zambon, Sabina
    Zdrojewski, Tomasz
    Zeng, Yi
    Zhao, Dong
    Zhao, Wenhua
    Zheng, Yingfeng
    Zhou, Maigeng
    Zhu, Dan
    Zimmermann, Esther
    Cisneros, Julio Zuniga
    A century of trends in adult human height2016In: eLIFE, E-ISSN 2050-084X, Vol. 5, article id e13410Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Being taller is associated with enhanced longevity, and higher education and earnings. We reanalysed 1472 population-based studies, with measurement of height on more than 18.6 million participants to estimate mean height for people born between 1896 and 1996 in 200 countries. The largest gain in adult height over the past century has occurred in South Korean women and Iranian men, who became 20.2 cm (95% credible interval 17.522.7) and 16.5 cm (13.319.7) taller, respectively. In contrast, there was little change in adult height in some sub-Saharan African countries and in South Asia over the century of analysis. The tallest people over these 100 years are men born in the Netherlands in the last quarter of 20th century, whose average heights surpassed 182.5 cm, and the shortest were women born in Guatemala in 1896 (140.3 cm; 135.8144.8). The height differential between the tallest and shortest populations was 19-20 cm a century ago, and has remained the same for women and increased for men a century later despite substantial changes in the ranking of countries.

  • 138.
    Bentorp, Stina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Palmcrantz, Josefin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Faktorer av betydelse för uppkomst av arbetsrelaterad stress2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Stress is a physiological response to external and internal requirements. Work-related stress has increased and contributes to an increased risk of physical and mental illness. IT employees run a higher risk of suffering from, for example, heart disease caused by work-related stress compared to the general population.

    Motive: A large part of research in the subject of stress is mainly from Asia, but further studies on work-related stress in the IT industry in Sweden are needed to gain in-depth knowledge.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to survey factors contributing to work-related stress and compare these to the level of stress among employees of an IT company in the northern part of Sweden.

    Method: This study had a quantitative design and was carried out using a web site questionnaire. The result has been analyzed using the SIMCA statistics program. Result: The result showed strongest correlation between recuperation, workload and reported degree of stress. Demographic data showed no correlation with stress.

    Conclusion: Good recuperation and a reasonable workload reduced the risk of stress and fatigue. It is important for companies and employers to comply with current laws and regulations regarding the working environment, which the business nurse can contribute to.

  • 139. Benzein, E
    et al.
    Hagberg, M
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Familj och sociala relationer2009In: Omvårdnadens grunder: perspektiv och förhållningssätt / [ed] Febe Friberg & Joakim Öhlén, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, p. 65-86Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 140. Benzein, E
    et al.
    Hagberg, M
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Familj och sociala relationer2010In: Omvårdnadens grunder: en specialutgåva för sjuksköterskor / [ed] Anna-Karin Edberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, p. 107-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 141. Benzein, Eva Gunilla
    et al.
    Hagberg, Margaretha
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    'Being appropriately unusual': a challenge for nurses in health-promoting conversations with families.2008In: Nursing Inquiry, ISSN 1320-7881, E-ISSN 1440-1800, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 106-115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study describes the theoretical assumptions and the application for health-promoting conversations, as a communication tool for nurses when talking to patients and their families. The conversations can be used on a promotional, preventive and healing level when working with family-focused nursing. They are based on a multiverse, salutogenetic, relational and reflecting approach, and acknowledge each person's experience as equally valid, and focus on families' resources, and the relationship between the family and its environment. By posing reflective questions, reflection is made possible for both the family and the nurses. Family members are invited to tell their story, and they can listen to and learn from each other. Nurses are challenged to build a co-creating partnership with families in order to acknowledge them as experts on how to lead their lives and to use their own expert knowledge in order to facilitate new meanings to surface. In this way, family health can be enhanced.

  • 142. Benzein, Eva Gunilla
    et al.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Health-promoting conversations about hope and suffering with couples in palliative care.2008In: International Journal of Palliative Nursing, ISSN 1357-6321, E-ISSN 2052-286X, Vol. 14, no 9, p. 439-445Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Families living with a dying relative face existential challenges which need to be met by caregivers in a dialogue. AIM: To describe couples' experiences of participating in nurse-initiated health-promoting conversations about hope and suffering during home-based palliative care. METHOD: Data comprised semi-structured evaluative interviews with six couples. Each couple together had previously participated in three health-fostering conversations with nurses. Data were analyzed by content. RESULT: Talking with nurses about existential issues such as hope and suffering made couples feel that they were part of a trustful relationship, and that it was a healing experience. It gave them the opportunity to unburden themselves, as well as a way of learning and finding new strategies for managing daily life. CONCLUSION: Health-promoting conversations about hope and suffering should be implemented as a natural part of the caring relationship between caregivers and families in the palliative context.

  • 143. Berg, Katarina
    et al.
    Idvall, Ewa
    Nilsson, Ulrica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Unosson, Mitra
    Postoperative recovery after different orthopedic day surgical procedures2011In: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing, ISSN 1878-1241, E-ISSN 1878-1292, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 165-175Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Orthopedic day surgery is common. Postoperative recovery may differ according to surgical procedures and personal factors. We studied postoperative recovery up to 2 weeks after different orthopedic day surgical procedures and tried to identify possible predictors associated with recovery. Three-hundred and fifty eight patients who had undergone knee arthroscopy or surgery to the hand/arm, foot/leg or shoulder were included. Data were collected on postoperative days 1, 7 and 14 using the Swedish Post-discharge Surgery Recovery scale, the emotional state, physical comfort and physical independence dimensions in the Quality of Recovery-23 and a general health question. Multiple linear regression was used to explore predictors of recovery. The shoulder patients experienced significantly lower postoperative recovery and general health 1 and 2 weeks after surgery compared to the other patient groups (p < 0.001). Significant predictors of recovery were age, perceived health and emotional status on the first postoperative day and type of surgery. Postoperative recovery after common orthopedic day surgical procedures varies and factors influencing it need to be further explored. The impact of a patient’s emotional state on recovery after day surgery can be of particular interest in this work. Post-discharge planning needs to be tailored to the surgical procedure.

  • 144.
    Berg, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Ethnology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Hernborg, Emma
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Ethnology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Mot nya gränser: Kulturanalytiska perspektiv på sjuksköterskeyrket2001Report (Other academic)
  • 145.
    Berg Marklund, Erik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Jonsson, Tony
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Ambulanspersonals perspektiv och upplevelser av skadehändelser i underjordsgruvor2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Att undersöka ambulanspersonals perspektiv och upplevelser av skadehändelser i underjordisk gruvmiljö.

    Metod: En kvalitativ intervjustudie med 13 deltagare på fem ambulansstationer runt om i Sverige med underjordsgruvor inom sitt upptagningsområde. Innehållet analyserades därefter utifrån en kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Tre kategorier framkom, när larmet går om en skadehändelse i gruva. Ambulanspersonalen ser ett larm som en sällanhändelse och det kan upplevas laddat att åka dit. Bristande information initialt skapade en ovisshet och minskade möjligheten att överblicka situationen. Stora skadehändelser beskrivs vara problematiskt ur resurssynpunkt. Gruvkontext och egna erfarenheter påverkar händelseutfallet. Trots att gruvan beskrivs som en extrem miljö upplever ambulanspersonalen ingen skillnad i omhändertagandet när de kommer åt patienten. Den största skillnaden beskrivs förutom den extrema miljön vara tidsaspekten. Den tredje kategorin är sjukvårdsarbetet på plats i gruvan – ett sätt att lära för framtiden. Den personliga säkerheten prioriteras först och samarbetet på plats grundar sig i en tillit mellan ambulanspersonal, räddningstjänst och gruvans personal. Att gruvans personal följer med ner i gruvan upplever ambulanspersonal är viktigt då de inte vet hur de bör agera nere i gruvan. Många ambulansstationer hade inte någon aktiv utbildning kring gruvor. Studiebesök, utbildning och samövning med andra aktörer skulle göra dem bättre förberedda och känna en större känsla av kontroll av händelsen än vad de gör i dagsläget.

    Slutsats: Studien belyser flera upplevelser hos ambulanspersonal som kan komma att påverka deras förmåga att utföra en god vård och omvårdnad negativt. Några av de upplevda svårigheterna skulle, enligt resultatet, möjligen kunna lösas genom bland annat studiebesök, förtydligande av riktlinjer och gemensamma träffar för att diskutera larmplaner. Lösningarna bör vara av stort intresse för samtliga aktörer som kan bli involverade i en skadehändelse i en gruva.

  • 146.
    Berg, Therese
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Bladh, Frida
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Förekomst av stressrelaterad ohälsa och stöd hos anställda på ett IT-företag2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Stress can arise from many circumstances, often exacerbated when employees experiencelow support from management and colleagues and lack of control at work. Costs of mental illness at workincrease both nationally and internationally. Psychiatric diagnoses are the largest diagnostic group forongoing illnesses for both genders, and mental illness is increasing among the working population inSweden.

    Aim: The purpose of the study was to survey the prevalence of stress-related illness and supportamong employees at an IT company.

    Method: Quantitative cross-sectional study, web-based questionnairewith three validated instruments (s-UMS, PSS-10 and QPSNordic). The study population included 43employees at a smaller, international IT company with headquarters in Sweden. Analysis was performedwith Spearman's rank correlation, Chi2-test and descriptive statistics.

    Result: Most participants reportedlow levels of stress and high levels of support witho risk of developing exhaustion according to s-ED. Almosta third of the participants had moderate or pronounced exhaustion syndrome according to s-ED.Relationship could be demonstrated between levels of stress, exhaustion and support. No significantdifferences could be detected in levels of stress, risk of exhaustion and support based on age and workexperience.

    Conclusion: Experience support from colleagues and managers reduces the perceived stressand risk of exhaustion.

  • 147.
    Bergdahl, Ellinor
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Allard, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Aléx, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Lundman, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Gustafson, Yngve
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine.
    Gender differences in depression among the very old2007In: International psychogeriatrics, ISSN 1041-6102, E-ISSN 1741-203X, Vol. 19, no 6, p. 1125-1140Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 148.
    Bergdahl, Ellinor
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Allard, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Lundman, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Gustafson, Yngve
    Depression in the oldest old in urban and rural municipalities2007In: Aging & Mental Health, ISSN 1360-7863, E-ISSN 1364-6915, Vol. 11, no 5, p. 570-578Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 149.
    Bergdahl, Ellinor
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine. Geriatrik.
    Gustavsson, Janna M C
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine. Geriatrik.
    Kallin, Kristina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine. Geriatrik.
    von Heideken Wågert, Petra
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine. Geriatrik.
    Lundman, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Bucht, Gösta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine. Geriatrik.
    Gustafson, Yngve
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine. Geriatrik.
    Depression among the oldest old: the Umeå 85+ study2005In: International psychogeriatrics, ISSN 1041-6102, E-ISSN 1741-203X, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 557-575Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 150.
    Bergfors, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Könsspecifika skillnader vid BPSD bland personer med kognitiv nedsättning i särskilt boende.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Of all people with dementia, it is estimated that 90 percent sometime in the course of the disease, suffer from BPSD - behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. People with BPSD often have the need to receive care in nursing homes. The symptoms in some behavioral and psychological disorders differ between the sexes and that may be of importance when caring for these people. Some of the symptoms in BPSD differ between women and men. The aim of this study was to compare prevalence of BPSD between women and men among people with cognitive impairment in nursing homes. Design: This study is a quantitative descriptive cross-sectional study. The analysis was a secondary analysis. Method: A total sample of 836 people with cognitive impairment (582 women and 254 men), living in a nursing home located in two bigger cities in the county of Västerbotten was included. To evaluate their symptoms a questionnaire with individual questions based on the Multi-Dimensional Dementia Assessment Scale (MDDAS) was used. Comparisons between the groups were done by means of Pearson χ2 test. Result: The result showed significant differences between how BPSD is exposed in women and men.  Women were more prone to cry, be anxious, roll table cloths, be suspicious, having hearing hallucinations and to hide things. Men were more prone to urinate in inappropriate places and to stack things. Conclusion: This study have shown differences in specific BPSD symptoms between gender. These behaviors could be interpreted as attempts to communicate. This knowledge is estimated to be used in quality development in geriatric care settings and other places where people with dementia is caredfor. This could have the effect to improve quality of life for people with dementia.

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