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  • 101.
    Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Karikatyr och ansvar.2006In: Folket i bild kulturfront, ISSN 0345-3073, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 102.
    Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Koranen i vår tid2007In: Dagens Nyheter, no 20070207Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I essän presenteras ett antal moderna muslimska nytänkares tankegångar kring nytolkningen av islams urkunder.

  • 103.
    Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Korstågstidens möten2003In: Vi har ju mötts förr, Skara: Västergötlands museum , 2003, p. 48-57Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken behandlar möten mellan kristna och muslimer under historien. Mitt bidrag handlar om möten, kontakter, tankeutbyten och överföring av kunskap som ägde rum i samband med korstågen.

  • 104.
    Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Muhammed-bilder vanliga inom islam.2006In: Expressen, Vol. 6/2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 105.
    Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Muslimdemokrati2007In: Salam: om krig, fred och islam / [ed] Donald Boström, Malmö: Arena i samarbete med Sensus studieförbund och Ibn Rushd studieförbund , 2007, 1, p. 40-53Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln handlar om en rad muslimska tänkares tankegångar om nytolkning av islams urkunder som gör det möjligt att skapa en förening mellan islam och demokrati.

  • 106.
    Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Muslimsk feminism2006In: Från Sapfo till Cyborg: Idéer om kön och sexualitet i historien., 2006Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 107.
    Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Muslimsk särlagstiftning löser inga problem2006In: Tidningen Broderskap, ISSN 0007/2141, Vol. 24/5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 108.
    Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Muslimskt nytänkande och modernitet2004In: Historiens mångfald: presentation av pågående forskning vid Institutionen för historiska studier, Umeå universitet / [ed] Ann-Katrin Hatje, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2004, Vol. 1, p. 59-76Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 109.
    Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Nidteckningar, antisemitism och islamofobi2007In: Integrationsverkets rapportserie 2007:3, ISSN 1404-5370, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 33-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln studerar nedsättande tekningars roll som ett medel i främlinggörande av etniska, religiösa eller kulturella minoriteter. Studien ämnar alltså studera om nidteckningar/karikatyrer har använts som ett medel för att skapa stereotypiska föreställningar som ett medel för att därigenom visualisera gränsdragningen mellan olika grupper i samhället utifrån rasistiska, främlingsfientliga och etno-chauvinistiska föreställningar.

  • 110.
    Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Ny tolkning enar islam och demokrati.2006In: Uppsala Nya TidningArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 111.
    Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Occidentalism.2006In: Minaret: Tidskrift för svensk muslimsk kultur., ISSN 1650-2949, Vol. 6, no 4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 112.
    Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Occidentalism: idéer om väst och modernitet bland muslimska tänkare2005Book (Other academic)
  • 113.
    Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Post-islamistiskt nytänkande2005In: Orientalism på svenska, Ordfront (i samarbete med Re:orient), Stockholm , 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 114.
    Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Rapport från en krutdurk2007In: Dagens Nyheter, no 20070404Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln är en recension av boken Iran on the Brink. Rising Workers & Threats of War, skriven av Andreas Malm och Shora Esmailian.

  • 115.
    Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Realpolitikens skapelse2005In: Svenska Dagbladet, no 2005-05-16Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 116.
    Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Rättvis maktbalans Iraks chans.: Svenska Dagbladet2004In: Svenska DagbladetArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 117.
    Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Sekulärt tänkesätt2007In: Minaret: Tidskrift för svensk muslimsk kultur, ISSN 1650-2949, no 1-2, p. 16-19Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med artikeln är att undersöka om ett sekulärt tänkesätt är förenligt med islam.

  • 118.
    Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Swedish Officers in Persia 1911-19152005In: Encyclopaedia IranicaArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 119.
    Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Terrorattacker ger islamofobin bränsle2007In: Tidningen Broderskap, Vol. 20070712, no 28/2007Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln behandlar den militanta islamistiska terrorismens betydelse för ökad islamofobi i väst.

  • 120.
    Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Vem äger tolkningsföreträde bland muslimer?2006In: Västerbottens-Kuriren, Vol. decemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 121.
    Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Världshistorien imploderar2005In: Arbetaren, ISSN 0345-0961, Vol. 7Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 122.
    Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Överreaktion mot påven gör att sakfrågan glöms bort.2006In: Tidningen Broderskap, ISSN 0007/2141, Vol. 29/9Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 123.
    Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Höglund, StenUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Mångfaldens möjligheter och svårigheter som lösning på arbetskraftsproblemen: Rapport från en konferens2005Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 124.
    Fjellström, Roger
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics. Filosofi.
    Fruitman, StephenUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies. Idéhistoria.
    Sidor av Förintelsen2000Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 125.
    Friman, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    No limits: the 20th century discourse of economic growth2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The breakthrough of the concept of economic growth in economics marks a paradigm shift in thinking about the economy and its place in 'reality.' This thesis analyzes the 20th century discourse of economic growth, focusing its unlimited connotations. The thesis consists of four case studies, two introductory parts and a concluding dis­cussion.

    Part II first gives an etymological outline of how the concept 'growth' transformed: from signifying natural processes, to become crucial within economics. The main focus is on the historiography around Adam Smith and the classical economists as 'fathers of growth.' It is argued that though Smith introduced new ideas on eco­nomic prosperity, it is anachronistic to view him as 'father of growth' in terms of modern economic discourse. The difference between conception of economic progress in classical economics - with a 'stationary state' - and the post-war concept of economic growth - without absolute limits - is interpreted by sketching four periods in economics regarding the issue of limits. Finally the label 'dismal,' often used for classical economics, is reinter­preted. The neoclassical 'Self and classical 'Other' is seen as a useful construction for legitimizing the growth discourse.

    Part III deals with economic thought at the turn of the century 1900. There were different ideas on what relative priority to address to individuals and communities as the basis of economy, as well as disagreements over how to organize economic policy to solve the 'social issue.' However, these differences did not result in different views on economic expansion per se. Neither to left- nor right-wing advocates was economic expansion an objective. Rather, economic expansion was a means to construct and manage a welfare state, and thus solve the social issue. If welfare could be distributed by expanding the total, there would be no sacrifices.

    The way economic growth was perceived in the early development discourse is studied in Part IV. The idea of unlimited growth is framed within a Western understanding of development and progress, and it is shown that hegemony on economic growth formed. Development economics made use of new and fashionable growth models, and thereby gained influence in policy. Development was reduced to economic development, which was reduced to economic growth. With a few modifications, this version of development and progress was to be implemented globally - 'no limits' became a master narrative.

    Part V analyzes the debate on economic growth in the 1960s and 70s. The environmental issue gave rise to thoughts on ecological limits, and thus had a key role in designating economic growth and growth ideology as a scapegoat within a longer tradition of civilization critique. As a response, professional economists put up a uni­ted defense for growth, and a polarized debate followed. Different basic assumptions underlying the polarized positions are analyzed, and the concept modernist economic ethos is introduced to explain the polarization at a fundamental level. In the dominant discourse, critics were called pessimists, and advocates were optimists. It is argued that these value-laden labels reveal the power of language and point at a trap of discourse.

    Economic growth and ecological sustainable development is analyzed in Part VI, and the focus is on crisis responsive economists. Two different conceptions of the economic system are found among these. The first is the economy as free-floating, which by technical inventions is minimally restricted by ecological boundaries. The second is the economy as a dependent subsystem restricted by fundamental ecological limits. Conception of the system is conclusive for understanding economic growth and its environmental effects. The free-floating approach allows the concept of 'sustainable growth,' while the subsystem approach makes it contradictory. Part VI includes a continued discussion on the power of language, and the dichotomy of pessimism and optimism. 'Optimism' is a eulogy, and works normatively. The pessimist label has functioned, at best, as a 'discourse trap;' at worst, as a means of exclusion.

    In Part VII results from the case studies are summarized, and general results with implications are presented. The post-war discourse on economic growth is connected to 'ecomodernism.' Three explanations for the intro­duction and strong appeal of the discourse of unlimited economic growth are introduced: the internal cause (economic theory), the external cause (context), and the professionalization cause (connecting the internal and external). The thesis ends in a discussion on growth, language and power in the context of modernism and progress.

  • 126.
    Fruitman, Stephen
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Creating a new heart: Marcus Ehrenpreis on jewry and judaism2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation represents the first attempt to take account of the entire Swedish œuvre of Marcus Ehrenpreis and view it as a single, coherent statement, recognizing the very fundamental confrontation taking place between tradi­tional and modern ways of viewing reality and its possible resolution. A reading of his work reveals that the one constant in his life in letters was the struggle to reconcile the apparent logical antithesis of universalism and particu­larism, which this dissertation sees as one with resonance for all ethnic minorities.

    In the Chapter One, a general orientation in the modern Jewish world is provided, including the traditional worlds of Orthodoxy and Hasidism into which he was born; the trend toward the political emancipation of the Jews in Western and Central Europe and the subsequent waves of assimilation among young Jews; the exacerbation of antisemitic tendencies in both Eastern and Western Europe; the emergence of Jewish nationalism, commonly known as Zionism; and the renaissance of Jewish culture which crystallized around these events.

    Chapter Two offers a social and intellectual biography of Ehrenpreis, providing the reader with the relevant information about his youth, organizational efforts, education, and career as rabbi and author, while Chapter Three posits a perspective from which to approach his work, by describing the generational unit to which he belonged and how the concerns of his youth and early adulthood, shared by other Jewish intellectuals born around the same time as he, shaped the problems with which he grappled throughout his life. The generational perspective also allows the fundamental differences between his own generation and the generations before and after his to emerge in bold relief. It is hoped that in employing this perspective, it becomes clear that the accumulated work of Ehrenpreis can be seen as an integrated whole, which came to full expression during his thirty-five years in Sweden.

    In Chapter Four, Ehrenpreis' definitions of Jewish religion and Jewish culture and the difference between them are explicated, before proceeding to investigate the way in which he thought the essence of these ideas best be mediated - primarily from the pulpit in his sermons and the intellectual periodical in his writings. The latter in par­ticular he found to be an essential tool for disseminating Jewish culture in Sweden, both to Swedish Jewry and the general Swedish public.

    Chapters Five and Six deal with what Ehrenpreis considered the two major expressions of Jewish culture, lit­erature and historical knowledge, and the roles they played in the formation of a substantive understanding of Jew­ish culture in the modern world. For him, literature was the bearer of ethics and values and the forum within which these could be transvaluated and made germane to modern man. In his historical writings, he wished to counteract tendencies from within and without the Jewish world which either consigned the Jewish people to the past tense, or overemphasized the role of traumas and catastrophes in its history at the expense of an ongoing, positive and cre­ative Jewish cultural evolution.

    Chapter Seven concludes the close reading of Ehrenpreis ' Swedish authorship by concentrating on his war­time writings. In referring to the legacy of the Hebrew prophets, the essential cultural values of Jewish tradition as he perceived them emerge: The ideas of social justice, minority rights, and the goal of perpetual peace between nations. He emphasizes their significance for the development of the democratic tradition in Europe as well as their function as the pillars on which the identity of Jews in the modern world could rest. The dissertation closes with a summary of its conclusions.

  • 127.
    Fruitman, Stephen
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    The Myth of the Judeo-Christian Tradition: or, The Jews in the Text: Canon or Apocrypha?2004In: Dialoger: islam, judendom, kristendom och samhälle / [ed] Per-Inge Planefors, Umeå: Stiftelsen Samtidskultur , 2004, 1, p. 77-81Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 128.
    Frånberg, Per
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Sköld, PeterUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.Axelsson, PerUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Från Lars Thomassons Penna: Bibliografiska anteckningar 1956-20062007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 129.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Att ha sin plats i "en stad ovan molnen": radikalt eller reaktionärt inom 1800-talets väckelse?2006In: Topos: essäer om tänkvärda platser och platsbundna tankar / [ed] 91-7331-005-0, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2006, p. 320-335Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 130.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Converging World Views: The European Expansion and Early-Nineteenth-Century Anglo-Swedish Contacts2004In: Lychnos: Årsbok för idé- och lärdomshistoriaArticle, book review (Other academic)
  • 131.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    De osedda dagar: om EFS identitet, framtid och historia2006Book (Other academic)
  • 132.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Erik Janze: En obemärkt tjänare i Guds rike2000In: Oknytt, ISSN 0349-1706, no 1-2Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 133.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Ett utvalt släkte: väckelse och sekularisering - Evangeliska fosterlands-stiftelsen 1856-19102003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of this dissertation is the confessional revivalist organisation Evangeliska Fosterlands-Stiftelsen (EFS – approximately the Swedish Evangelical Mission Society) between 1856 and 1910. EFS was founded in 1856 in a Pietistic tradition, and its aim was to revitalise from within what was seen as a too dormant State church, and also to counteract the influence of the emerging free churches.

    The study has five main sections. The introductory part consists of the theoretical framework and the historical context. In the second chapter EFS’ aims and expectations are studied on a national level. The third chapter examines the content of published and distributed tracts. The fourth chapter focuses on the activities of the itinerant colporteurs, and the fifth and final part studies the work of a local EFS-congregation.

    The aim of the dissertation is twofold. The first objective is to describe the transformation EFS underwent during the period studied. This process is described in terms related to Jürgen Habermas’ expression “public sphere”. When EFS was founded, as a board, it can be seen as one of other middle- and upper-class associations, and as such a part of the Swedish public sphere. By 1910 EFS had begun to move away from the Swedish State church and had become more like contemporary popular movements and free churches – it had started to take the shape of an limited alternative sphere, a denomination.

    The second aim is to use EFS as an example to describe and analyse the changed perception of religion during the second half of the 19th century. This change is described as a process of secularisation. Secularisation is seen here as the process that turned religion into an individual, voluntary and optional act of faith, among other religious and non-religious alternatives, for ordinary people. Of particular interest is the paradoxical relation between revivalism and secularisation. Various revivalist movements emphasised the personal relation to God and the individual right to interpret the word of God. The individual choice for salvation was also stressed within revivalism. These movements also created new alternatives to the all-embracing State church. Thus both the position of the Church, and the universal claims of Christianity in general, were undermined.

    The transformation EFS underwent is seen as an adaptation to the rise of modern society, which became more pluralistic and hence competitive during the final decades of the 19th century. This development meant that new strategies were required for religious organisations overall, in order for them to be able to compete and flourish.

  • 134.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Evangeliska Fosterlands-Stiftelsen och sekulariseringen: Exemplet Umeås Evangelisk-Lutherska missionsförening 1850-19102002In: Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift / [ed] Anders Jarlet, Uppsala: Svenska kyrkohistoriska föreningen , 2002, p. 124-125Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 135.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Globaliseringens inverkan på svensk religiositet av idag1999In: En globaliserad värld: elva uppsatser om globala processer / [ed] Ronny Ambjörnsson, Stefan Gelfgren och Gunilla Jonsson, Umeå: Institutionen för historiska studier, Umeå universitet , 1999, p. 95-103Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 136.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Kristendom och den moderna världsbilden: Norra Europa 1500-20002005Book (Other academic)
  • 137.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Kyrklig väckelse och väckelsens inomkyrklighet i Umeå 1700-19002002In: Oknytt, ISSN 0349-1706, no 3-4Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 138.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Lade taoismen grunden till den kinesiska vetenskapen?2000In: Vidgade vyer: globalt perspektiv på idéhistoria / [ed] Mohammad Fazlhashemi, Anders Öckerman och Ronny Ambjörnsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2000, p. 79-93Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 139.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Phénomenet Peter Wieselgren: Smålänningen som blev historiker, biograf, präst och nykterhetsreformator i 1800-talets Sverige2004In: Lychnos: Årsbok för idé- och lärdomshistoriaArticle, book review (Other academic)
  • 140.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Problembaserat lärande i idéhistorisk undervisning2007In: Utsikter, insikter och avsikter: universitetspedagogisk konferens i Umeå 27 – 28 februari 2007 / [ed] Mohammad Fazlhashemi och Thomas Fritz, Umeå: Universitetspedagogiskt Centrum, Umeå universitet , 2007, p. 109-118Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande paper baserar sig på mina erfarenheter av att introducera ett mer case-orienterat arbetssätt i idéhistorisk undervisning. Avsikten var bland annat att pröva om det överhuvudtaget är möjligt. Ofta är det på olika former av yrkesinriktade utbildningar och samtidsorienterade ämnen som case-metodik används och tycks vara applicerbart. I dessa fall handlar det om att sätta sig in i hur man arbetar i sin profession efter examen, vilket inte är lika givet inom idéhistoria. Samtidigt tycks vinsterna med en mer problemorienterad läroprocess vara uppenbara. Studenterna involveras i högre utsträckning i själva lärandet. De får själva, genom att ta egna initiativ, söka sig fram till kunskap, vilket borde uppmuntra kreativitet och därmed även engagemang inför sin uppgift. Att introducera ett case-liknande arbetssätt inom idéhistoria kräver en del överväganden eftersom det inte finns några självklara mallar för hur det skall se ut. Detta paper handlar om den process som ledde fram till att studenterna på idéhistorias a-kurs numera examineras bland annat genom ett case-arbete. Paperet tar även upp vägen fram till implementation via genomförandet och avslutar med några reflektioner.

  • 141.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Svensk kristenhet av idag: Relativisering eller revitalisering?1999In: Svensk kyrkotidning, no 16-17Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 142.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Svenska kyrkan och EFS i ett föränderligt samhälle 1850–1900: Opposition – samverkan – brytning2007In: Forskning pågår: … från Svenska kyrkans forskningsdagar 2005, 2007, p. 15-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 143.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Väckelse och sekularisering: Exemplet Umeås Evangelisk-Lutherska Missionsförening 1850-19102003In: Historisk tidskrift, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 144.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Väckelse som folkbildning?2005In: Forskning om folkbildning, ISSN 1103-1670, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 145.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Göransdotter, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Att vikta faktakunskaper mot analytisk förmåga: försök med en ny tvådelad examinationsform i Teknikens idéhistoria2006In: Tänk efter, tänk nytt, tänk om: den sjunde universitetspedagogiska konferensen 2–3 mars 2005 / [ed] Margareta Erhardsson och Katarina Winka, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2006, p. 175-191Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Kursen Teknikens idéhistoria, 5 poäng, ges inom ämnet idéhistoria vid Institutionen för Historiska studier. Oftast ges kursen som kvällskurs på halvfart, och många av studenterna kommer från ingenjörsutbildningar. Flera är ovana vid studier i humanistiska ämnen, och har ofta haft svårt att tillägna sig det ”kritiska läsande” som är centralt i vårt ämne. Bland annat för att komma till rätta med detta, har vi infört en modell för examination på kursen som är uppdelad i två etapper: dels en hemtenta som examinerar studenternas förståelse och analytiska förmåga, dels en kort skriftlig salstenta som examinerar det vi anser vara grundläggande fakta och nödvändiga baskunskaper.

    Resultaten på de olika examinationsuppgifterna viktas enligt en uträkningstabell vi arbetat fram. Den har visat sig fungera mycket bra för att räkna fram ett slutbetyg på kursen där såväl faktakunskaper som analytisk förmåga vägs in på ett tydligt sätt. Uträkningstabellen är också konstruerad så att den relativt lätt skulle kunna gå att använda som verktyg för att tillämpa den 7-gradiga betygsskala som kan att bli aktuell i och med Bolognareformen.

  • 146.
    Granqvist, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Confrontation and Conciliation: The Sami, the Crown and the Court in Seventeenth-Century Swedish Lapland: Acta Borealia2004In: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, Vol. 2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 147.
    Granqvist, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Konfrontation eller förlikning?: Samerna, kronan och rätten i Lappmarken i 1600-talets Sverige2005In: Ett land, ett folk: Sápmi i historia och nutid, 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 148.
    Granqvist, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Samerna, staten och rätten i Torne lappmark under 1600-talet: Makt, diskurs och representation2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation is an analysis of the cultural meeting between the Church and the Crown on the one hand, and the Sami community on the other, in a lappmark in the north of Sweden during the seventeenth century.

    The authorities viewed and acted towards the Sami from the standpoint of their normative system, incorporating the political/ideological discourse that existed at this time. This was implemented by means of judicial machinery that represented the Sami as indulging in immoral sexual behavior and idolatry. This was due to the fact the authorities nurtured an interest in the different: the Sami became the Other, representing an antithesis of the authorities’ own existence. The authorities’ need to create this antithesis led to a representation of the Sami as sexually immoral and idolatrous that endured throughout the period of this research, with results that have both qualitative and quantitative foundations in two categories of crimes: those against religion, and sexual offences.

    The Sami, for their part, exhibited cultural manifestations that, when detached from the court rolls’ narrative structure, clearly distinguish themselves from the normative system represented and implemented by the authorities. Conciliation in court was common amongst the Sami; their views on theft, murder or manslaughter, and sexual offences never coincided with the perspective maintained by the authorities on these issues, which was based on laws and ordinances. There were two reasons for this: the first was that the Sami did not stigmatize as criminals individuals who had committed unlawful deeds, as was the case with the authorities, who operated within the framework of the Swedish legal system; the second reason was that the Sami had other traditions concerning marriage and religious practice. The Sami interacted not only with each other, but also in relation to other groups of people outside the community, such as visiting farmers, townspeople, merchants and ironworkers. Judicial matters were raised for different reasons: to document the distribution of inheritance; to obtain remuneration for purchases on credit; to obtain a financial settlement with regard to theft; and to establish clearly the sequence of events, in cases of murder and manslaughter. This sheds light on the question of why and how the Sami made use of the possibilities afforded to them by the court, despite instances of repression to begin with, when the authorities used the court system to initiate cases against the Sami, including crimes against religion and sexual offences. The legal cases also shed light upon Sami traditions, morals and cultural expressions, which not only differed from the normative system of the authorities but also from various traditions and morals that were exhibited by the peasantry in other parts of Sweden at this time – we can thus “see into” a seventeenth-century Sami community.

    The authorities represented repression and control, with the result that the Sami became the Other. However, the Sami interacted both within and beyond their own community. This provides us with information about traditions and morals, which seem to have been characteristic in terms of Sami culture, whilst at the same time differing from the type of behaviour the authorities desired.

    The survey includes theoretical perspectives used by sociologist Stuart Hall, philosophers Michel Foucault and Paul Ricoeur, literary scientist and cultural theorist Homi K. Bhabha, and others, as well as theories proposed by literary scientists Ania Loomba and Edward Said, as well as cultural theorist and literary scientist Robert J. C. Young.

  • 149.
    Grönberg, Per-Olof
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Learning and Returning: Return Migration of Swedish Engineers from the United States, 1880-19402003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines different aspects of international migration and return migration among Swedish engineers – particularly to and from the United States between 1880 and 1940. The social, geographical, and educational backgrounds of these engineers and their role in diffusing technological knowledge in Sweden in addition to being a possible source of technical development during the country’s second industrial breakthrough is of particular interest.

    Swedish engineers were a geographically mobile group. The labour market and contemporary mass emigration from Sweden to North America contributed. However, the ideal emigrating Swedish engineer was, in a Weberian sense, a ”target migrant” who planned to return after a well-defined interval. More than two-thirds of the emigrating engineers later returned to Sweden. International industrial competition was important in the Swedish development nationalism and so was American examples and returning Swedish-Americans. American experience, but also German, was a valuable symbolic capital in what can be identified as an engineering field in line with Bourdieu. The engineers were informed about technical development in the leading industrial countries and this spurred an interest to work with technology that was largely unknown in Sweden at the time. The engineers emigrated to learn the technology and the contemporary spirit in Sweden increased the power and influence of engineers with this experience.

    Return rates among engineers differed according to their social, geographical and educational background. Generally speaking, engineers from a high social origin, a high level of education, and born in the larger cities were most prone to return. The social and symbolic capital of these engineers made them attach greater importance to the opportunities on the engineering field. Foreign experience raised engineers with low social origins and levels of education. However those with a higher background and more education classes, who also had foreign experience were the ones who were most likely to reach the level of management.

    Four representative companies are studied to examine the role of returning engineers. These are: ASEA (electrical), Sandvikens Järnverks AB (steel and iron), Bolidens Gruv AB (mining) and Bolinders Mekaniska Verkstads AB (engineering industry). The share of returning engineers who filled responsible positions was highest at ASEA. It was somewhat lower at Sandviken. At the other two companies, there were returning engineers in the top management but the source material does not allow for the same kind of systematic study as at the two former. Even if there also was purely technical influence brought about by the returning engineers, the knowledge gained from American companies consisted mainly of how to rationally organise workshops and rolling mills etc. in a more or less Taylorist spirit. Often, these practices were combined with a sense of welfarism that largely also came from the United States. However, it would be an exaggeration to call all these practices American as engineers with experience in Germany also contributed ideas regarding organisation. The technical influence on Sweden was thus a mix in which the United States was most important. In the electrical industry, engineers who had worked in Germany challenged those who returned from the United States while those with experience in Britain contributed to Swedish engineering companies. Engineers who had worked in Norway played a considerable role in the mining industry. It was in the field of steel and iron production Swedish-American engineers were most evident.

    The returning engineers filled a large number of key positions in the leading companies in the four industrial branches studied here. The fact that there were several engineers with similar experience acting after a specific pattern ensured they held considerable influence. Returning engineers were most evident in the electrical and engineering industries and least conspicuous in mining although even there a fourth of all managing directors and chief engineers had foreign experience. This pattern clearly points to the returning engineers as being a source of technical development in Sweden during the second industrial breakthrough. As such, they could possibly be considered an historical example of what today is often referred to as ‘brain-gain’.

  • 150.
    Guillemot, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    "I demokratiens Sverige finnes icke jordmån för äventyrligheter"2012In: Människan, arbetet och historien: en vänbok till professor Tom Ericsson / [ed] Anders Brändström & Svante Norrhem, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2012, p. 29-56Chapter in book (Other academic)
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