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  • 101.
    Strittmatter, Anna-Maria
    et al.
    Department of Cultural and Social Studies, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Stenling, Cecilia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Centre for Sport Policy and Politics, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
    Fahlén, Josef
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Department of Cultural and Social Studies, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Skille, Eivind
    Faculty of Public Health, Norway Inland University of Applied Sciences, Elverum, Norway.
    Sport policy analysis revisited: the sport policy process as an interlinked chain of legitimating acts2018In: International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, ISSN 1940-6940, E-ISSN 1940-6959, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 621-635Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By providing an analytical framework that draws on a conceptualisation of legitimacy in organisation studies, this paper demonstrates that the sport policy process can be understood as an interlinked chain of legitimating acts. Based on recent suggestions in organisation theory literature on how to approach legitimacy and legitimation, we applied the framework on a small sample of published sport policy studies to demonstrate its utility. By applying the framework, six interweaved and interweaving elements of the legitimating act within sport policy processes were identified: legitimacy-seeking organisation, subject, source(s), strategy, bases and scenario. The analysis shows that each of the six elements works by intersecting within each phase of the policy process. The main conclusion is that consequences – often unintended – resulting from legitimating acts in one phase have legitimacy-related implications for the other phases of the policy process. As pressing as pinpointing the use of all elements of the framework is, it is equally important to distinguish each of the elements in order to fulfil the analytical potential of the proposed framework. Since sport policy processes in practice rely primarily on organisations and organisational action, future sport policy research would benefit from this type of framework connecting organisations and organising to policy processes.

  • 102.
    Söderström, Tor
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Fahlén, Josef
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ferry, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Sport debut, adolescent talents and expert performance in sport as adult2013In: Sociology and Sport in Face of New Challenges: The 10th European Association for Sociology of Sport Conference / [ed] Álvaro Rodríguez Díaz, David Moscoso Sánchez, Jesús Fernández Gavira, José Vinas Rodríhuez and Francisco Pires Vega, Cordoba: European Association for Sociology of Sport , 2013, p. 96-96Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research has showed that expertise, expert performances and differences between more and less skillful individuals, depend on experience (Coté et al, 2007; Ericsson, 2006). In this study we have investigated relationships between sport debut, perceived ability in sport during childhood and adolescence, and sport participation in adulthood among those who have not reached expertise levels. Result from the questionnaires (n 573) show that 93 percent of the respondents have practiced organized sport in their youth. A majority (63 %) are still active members in a sports club. Moreover, 19 percent made their sports debut before the age of five, 59 percent between the ages six and eight and 22 percent after the age of eight. By their own estimate, one third of the students were among the best athletes in their region before the age of 13 and 50 percent were selected to regional talent groups as teenagers. Those of them who practice organized sport today ranked their ability during childhood and adolescence higher. Many of those who made their sport debut early stated that they were selected to talent groups during their adolescence. One conclusion is that selections in sport not only impact on those who reach expertise levels, but also shape recruitment to broad sports. A second conclusion is that the effects of early sport debut and being selected to talent groups as adolescents are small with regard to expertise and expert performances in adulthood. On the other hand it is evident that early sport debut is positively related to being selected to talent groups. These findings can be understood in the light of Ericsson’s (2006) arguments that experience develops ability faster in the beginning of a learning process but that a continued development is harder to predict, even if one has been deemed talented and promising.

  • 103.
    Söderström, Tor
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Fahlén, Josef
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ferry, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Yu, J
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Science and Mathematics Education.
    Participation in non-elite sport in early adulthood: the impact of athletic ability in childhood and adolescence2015In: 20 th annual Congress of the European college of Sport Science, (ECSS), 24th - 27th June 2015, Malmö – Sweden: book of abstracts / [ed] Radmann, A., Hedenborg, S., Tsolakidis, E., 2015, p. 294-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction Understandings of, explanations to, and predictors of adult participation in organized sport, on the one hand, and expert performances in organized sport as adults on the other hand have received a lot of attention as separate entities by scholars in the areas of sport participation and sport expertise alike. Although scholars in both fields share an interest in tracing explanatory factors and predictors, it is evident that sport participation research has not investigated the impact of factors that are in focus in sport expertise research and vice versa. Thus, in this paper we aim to explore relationships between sport performance during childhood and adolescence and participation in sport in adulthood.

    Methods Data were derived from Web-based questionnaires completed by university students between 2005 and 2012. In total, 572 students (290 men and 282 women) completed the questionnaires. These students were at the beginning of their studies in sports science (n=357) and physical education teacher education (n=215). The questionnaire gathered information about the following topics: • Biographical data: date of birth; • Sport debut: age they started to participate in organized club sports; • Sport performance: self-estimated sporting skills and participation in regional talent groups during childhood and adolescence. • Sport involvement: previous and present involvement in organized club sports;

    Results Results from questionnaires reveal that early sport debut and date of birth positively correlate to strong sport performances during childhood and being selected for talent groups. These variables, in turn, are positively correlated to strong sport performances during adolescence and being selected for talent groups. Strong sport performances during adolescence do not correlate to expert performance as adults. However, strong sport performances during adolescence are positively correlated to sports club membership as adults.

    Discussion These results suggest a need to further explore how factors found to be important for elite sport practice and expert performance, also influence non-elite sport participation in adulthood. Our findings suggest that talent development system selecting children and youth to develop their abilities and to become elite athletes, not only develops potential elite athletes but also shapes the larger recruitment of adults to sport at non-elite levels and participation in general exercise activities.

  • 104.
    Söderström, Tor
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Fahlén, Josef
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ferry, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Yu, Jun
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.
    Athletic ability in childhood and adolescence as a predictor of participation in non-elite sports in young adulthood2018In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 21, no 11, p. 1686-1703Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we contribute to the discussion on factors affecting adult participation in organized sport. To this end, we examine whether explanations regarding sport expertise can also add to the understanding of non-elite-level sport participation in young adulthood. Results from questionnaires (n = 572) revealed that date of birth and early sport debut positively correlated to strong sport performance during childhood, which, in turn, were correlated to strong sport performance and being selected for talent groups during adolescence. Finally, strong sport performance during adolescence was positively correlated to sports club membership as young adults. As relative age effects seem to remain throughout childhood and adolescence, we conclude that the underlying variable that affects the selection process and sport participation in young adulthood is date of birth. The results indicate that being active in sport as young adults is contingent on sport-specific variables previously not investigated in research on sport participation.

  • 105.
    Söderström, Tor
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Fahlén, JosefUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.Wickman, KimUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    People in motion - bridging the local and global: Book of abstracts: The 8th European Association for Sociology of Sport Conference, May 18-22, 2011.2011Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 106.
    Wickman, Kim
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Eliasson, Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Fahlén, Josef
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Löfgren, Kent
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Myrsteg mot en jämställd idrott2012In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 11-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Idrottens arbete med jämställdhet och jämlikhet går långsamt. Pengar från Idrottslyftet skulle ge större delaktighet, men de statliga satsningarna har i själva verket lett till få nyheter. Förbunden hänvisar till policydokument men avstår från att arbeta för en långsiktig och hållbar förändring.

  • 107.
    Österlind, Malin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Fahlén, Josef
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Reconsidering the epistemology of the Swedish sports model through the lens of governmentality: notes on the state-civil society relationship, government, power and social change2015In: Idrott, historia & samhälle, ISSN 0280-2775, p. 148-170Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det förs för närvarande en diskussion om nya former av styrning av idrotten och om en svensk idrottsmodell i förändring, då idrotten alltmer har blivit inkluderad i välfärdsprojektet. Den här artikeln bygger vidare på denna diskussion och erbjuder ett alternativt sätt att förstå den svenska idrottsmodellen och dess förändring. Artikeln undersöker framförallt epistemologin om modellen och finner en konceptualisering som handlar om formella strukturer, socialaordningar och sektorer, idrottspolitiska mål och syften, och en särskild förståelse för styrning, makt och social förändring. Artikeln argumenterar föratt dessa konceptualiseringar är otillfredsställande och använder istället ett governmentalityperspektiv för att visa hur styrning och makt kan ses i ljuset av olika former av liberala styrningsrationaliteter så som social ingenjörskonst ochavancerad liberalism. En sådan konceptualisering kan bidra med ett nytt sätt att förstå förändring av styrning och förändring av den svenska idrottsmodellen.

123 101 - 107 of 107
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