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  • 101.
    Zamotin, Vladimir
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinsk kemi och biofysik.
    Gharibyan, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinsk kemi och biofysik.
    Gibanova, NV
    Lavrikova, MA
    Dolgikh, DA
    Kirpichnikov, MP
    Kostanyan, IA
    Morozova-Roche, Ludmilla
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinsk kemi och biofysik.
    Cytotoxicity of albebetin oligomers depends on cross-beta-sheet formation2006Inngår i: FEBS Letters, ISSN 0014-5793, E-ISSN 1873-3468, Vol. 580, nr 10, s. 2451-2457Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Prefibrillar cytotoxicity was suggested as a common amyloid characteristic. We showed two types of albebetin prefibrillar oligomers are formed during incubation at pH 7.3. Initial round-shaped oligomers consist of 10–15 molecules determined by atomic force microscopy, do not bind thioflavin-T and do not affect viability of granular neurons and SH-SY5Y cells. They are converted into ca. 30–40-mers possessing cross-β-sheet and reducing viability of neuronal cells. Neither monomers nor fibrils possess cytotoxicity. We suggest that oligomeric size is important for stabilising cross-β-sheet core critical for cytotoxicity. As albebetin was used as a carrier-protein for drug delivery, examination of amyloidogenicity is required prior polypeptide biomedical applications.

  • 102. Zhao, Li Na
    et al.
    Zhang, Tong
    Zhang, Ce
    Wang, Chao
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinsk kemi och biofysik.
    Morozova-Roche, Ludmilla A.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinsk kemi och biofysik.
    Chew, Lock Yue
    Mu, Yuguang
    S100A9 induces aggregation-prone conformation in Abeta peptides: a combined experimental and simulation study2013Inngår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 3, nr 46, s. 24081-24089Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Inflammation is one of the prominent pathological features in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recently, there have been various proposed roles of neuroinflammation, such as the driving forces, bystander, byproduct or the neuroprotective response. Notwithstanding these diverse possible mechanisms, experiments have found that S100A9 is one of the pro-inflammatory proteins abundant and over-expressed in the inflammation sites of AD. In this paper, we examine the role of S100A9 in the oligomerization process of A beta peptides by means of replica exchange molecular dynamics simulation and experimental investigations. Our experiments, based on atomic force microscopy and Thioflavin T spectroscopic assays, have clearly indicated that the close interaction between S100A9 and A beta has significantly enhanced the A beta oligomerization. In line with the experimental observation, our simulation studies have revealed that the pro-inflammatory S100A9 protein interacts with the A beta peptides directly, mainly through hydrophobic interactions with the A beta central hydrophobic core region. In addition, the formation of hydrogen bonds between the residues of the S100A9 homodimer and the two ends of the A beta peptides is found to cause a straightening of the A beta(12-24) peptides. A more straight A beta(12-24) peptide with a higher beta-content then may function as a template to induce the folding of new incoming A beta peptides, which leads to the formation of aggregation-prone oligomers.

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