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  • 101.
    Häggström Lundevaller, Erling
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statistiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS).
    Sander, Nikola
    Skirbekk, Vegard
    Samir, K.C.
    Prospects for later-life migration in urban Europe2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives/Aims:Later life migration among the baby boomer generation will have far-reachingimplications of economic development and for planning strategies to ensure adequatehealth, housing and welfare in the right place at the right time. However, much of thecurrent debate about the future trajectory of this type of human mobility has been basedon speculation. The goal of this research is to gain a better understanding of later lifemigration and the likely future trajectory of the retired baby boomers in Europe.The need for more accurate forecasts of future migration flows has increased withthe relative importance of migration vis-à-vis other components of population dynamics.Although forced international migration has been given considerable research attentionin recent years, also other migration types, in particular later-life migration, becomeincreasingly important. In the coming decade, the large baby boom generation will reachretirement age.Methodology/ Results / Findings / Conclusion:The objective of this report is to focus on the effects of an ageing population interms of urban development and retirement migration. The report discusses the regionalpopulation projections and its social impacts. An analysis on the impacts of urbanizationand differential ageing across regions will be given.Moving beyond the simple assumption of a continuation of current trends, anumber of alternative scenarios are explored to simulate the likely future trajectories ofthe baby boomers. Potential impacts on retirement migration caused by changes inaverage retirement age, altered lifestyle preferences and the large size of the baby boomergeneration are considered.

  • 102.
    Jonasson, Lars S.
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för strålningsvetenskaper. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Axelsson, Jan
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för strålningsvetenskaper. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI).
    Riklund, Katrine
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för strålningsvetenskaper.
    Braver, Todd S.
    Department of Psychology,Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA.
    Ögren, Mattias
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för strålningsvetenskaper.
    Bäckman, Lars
    Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institute, SE-113 30 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för strålningsvetenskaper. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för integrativ medicinsk biologi (IMB), Fysiologi.
    Dopamine release in nucleus accumbens during rewarded task switching measured by [11C]raclopride2014Inngår i: NeuroImage, ISSN 1053-8119, E-ISSN 1095-9572, Vol. 99, s. 357-364Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Reward and motivation have positive influences on cognitive-control processes in numerous settings. Models of reward implicate corticostriatal loops and the dopamine (DA) system, with special emphasis on D2 receptors in nucleus accumbens (NAcc). In this study, 11 right-handed males (35-40 years) were scanned with positron emission tomography (PET) in a single [(11)C]raclopride dynamic scan during rewarded and non-rewarded task switching. Rewarded task switching (relative to baseline task switching) decreased [(11)C]raclopride binding in NAcc. Decreasing NAcc [(11)C]raclopride binding was strongly associated with task reaction time measures that reflect individual differences in effort and control strategies. Voxelwise analyses additionally revealed reward-related DA release in anterodorsal caudate, a region previously associated with task-switching. These PET findings provide evidence for striatal DA release during motivated cognitive control, and further suggest that NAcc DA release predicts the task reaction time benefits of reward incentives.

  • 103.
    Josefsson, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Statistik. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI).
    de Luna, Xavier
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statistiska institutionen.
    Pudas, Sara
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI).
    Nilsson, Lars-Göran
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för integrativ medicinsk biologi (IMB).
    Nyberg, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för integrativ medicinsk biologi (IMB), Fysiologi.
    Genetic and lifestyle predictors of 15-Year longitudinal change in episodic memory2012Inngår i: Journal of The American Geriatrics Society, ISSN 0002-8614, E-ISSN 1532-5415, Vol. 60, nr 12, s. 2308-2312Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: To reveal distinct longitudinal trajectories in episodic memory over 15 years and to identify demographic, lifestyle, health-related, and genetic predictors of stability or decline. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: The Betula Project, Umeå, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: One thousand nine hundred fifty-four healthy participants aged 35 to 85 at baseline. MEASUREMENTS: Memory was assessed according to validated episodic memory tasks in participants from a large population-based sample. Data were analyzed using a random-effects pattern-mixture model that considered the effect of attrition over two to four longitudinal sessions. Logistic regression was used to determine significant predictors of stability or decline relative to average change in episodic memory. RESULTS: Of 1,558 participants with two or more test sessions, 18% were classified as maintainers and 13% as decliners, and 68% showed age-typical average change. More educated and more physically active participants, women, and those living with someone were more likely to be classified as maintainers, as were carriers of the met allele of the catechol-O-methyltransferase gene. Less educated participants, those not active in the labor force, and men were more likely to be classified as decliners, and the apolipoprotein E ɛ4 allele was more frequent in decliners. CONCLUSION: Quantitative, attrition-corrected assessment of longitudinal changes in memory can reveal substantial heterogeneity in aging trajectories, and genetic and lifestyle factors predict such heterogeneity.

  • 104.
    Kaati, Gunnar
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering.
    Bygren, Lars Olov
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Cardiovascular and diabetes mortality determined by nutrition during parents' and grandparents' slow growth period2002Inngår i: European Journal of Human Genetics, ISSN 1018-4813, E-ISSN 1476-5438, Vol. 10, nr 11, s. 682-688Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Overfeeding and overeating in families are traditions that are often transferred from generation to generation. Irrespective of these family traditions, food availability might lead to overfeeding, in its turn leading to metabolic adaptations. Apart from selection, could these adaptations to the social environment have transgenerational effects? This study will attempt to answer the following question: Can overeating during a child's slow growth period (SGP), before their prepubertal peak in growth velocity influence descendants' risk of death from cardiovascular disease and diabetes? Data were collected by following three cohorts born in 1890, 1905 and 1920 in Överkalix parish in northern Sweden up until death or 1995. The parents' or grandparents' access to food during their SGP was determined by referring to historical data on harvests and food prices, records of local community meetings and general historical facts. If food was not readily available during the father's slow growth period, then cardiovascular disease mortality of the proband was low. Diabetes mortality increased if the paternal grandfather was exposed to a surfeit of food during his slow growth period. (Odds Ratio 4.1, 95% confidence interval 1.33-12.93, P=0.01). Selection bias seemed to be unlikely. A nutrition-linked mechanism through the male line seems to have influenced the risk for cardiovascular and diabetes mellitus mortality.

  • 105.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Andersson, Åsa
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    ”Kan man göra så i ditt ämne?”: Reflektioner kring lärande i tvärvetenskapliga sammanhang2010Inngår i: Undervisning på tvären: Student- och lärarerfarenheter / [ed] Erik Lindenius, Umeå: Universitetspedagogiskt centrum Umeå universitet , 2010, s. 47-58Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 106.
    Kling, Sofia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Reproductive health, birth control, and fertility change in Sweden, circa 1900-19402010Inngår i: The History of the Family, ISSN 1081-602X, E-ISSN 1873-5398, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 161-173Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with two aspects of reproductive health during the latter part of the Swedish fertility decline: failing health as a motive for birth control, and failing health as a possible consequence of illegal abortions. The main argument is that reproductive health was an important factor in most reproductive decisions during this period, a circumstance largely ignored by researchers of the fertility decline. Questions that are addressed include: How can aspects of reproductive health be viewed as explanatory factors of the fertility decline? How did men react to women's need to stop bearing children for health reasons? Flow did couples seeking abortion, sometimes for health reasons, perceive the risks associated with abortion? A source material mainly consisting of letters, written in the 1930s and sent to the Swedish Association for Sexuality Education, has been used to discern how aspects of health, contraception and abortion were experienced by ordinary men and women. The analysis shows that reproductive health became a motive for birth control, at this point in history, for at least two reasons. Firstly, the experience of childbirth had changed through institutionalization and secularization and, secondly, respectable masculinity was increasingly constructed to include sexual respect towards women. Still, when couples decided to abort, aspects of health were largely ignored. Often abortion was sought because the health risks associated with childbirth were perceived as larger than those associated with abortion. The connection between reproductive health and birth control was, therefore, of a rather complex kind.

  • 107.
    Kotyrlo, Elena
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Миграционная политика Швеции2013Inngår i: Север и рынок, nr 6Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 108.
    Kotyrlo, Elena
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Социальный контракт на Севере2012Inngår i: EKO, ISSN 0131-7652, nr 4, s. 181-189Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 109. Lafleur, Jean-Michel
    et al.
    Sanchez-Dominguez, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    The political choices of emigrants voting in home country elections: A socio-political analysis of the electoral behaviour of Bolivian external voters2015Inngår i: Migration Studies, ISSN 2049-5838, E-ISSN 2049-5846, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 155-181Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    What variables influence the electoral behaviour of citizens voting in home country elections from abroad? Despite the growing interest of migration scholars for the topic of external voting, this question remains largely unanswered. Basing ourselves on the existing political science literature on electoral behaviour and on the migration literature on immigrants' participation in host country politics, we isolate different hypotheses that explain emigrants' preferences in home country politics. We then build four models of voters based on these hypotheses: the social group voter, the ideological voter, the interest-driven voter, and the transnational voter. In the second part of the paper, we verify the validity of these models using the results of a survey carried out with Bolivian emigrants who took part in the 2009 Bolivian presidential election from abroad. Overall, this article identifies the drivers of immigrant transnational political participation and contributes to current debates on social remittances.

  • 110.
    Liliequist, Marianne
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Elderly Sami – symbols of Sami identity?: The role of elderly in the Sami community2010Inngår i: Ethnologia Scandinavica, ISSN 0348-9698, E-ISSN 0348-9698, Vol. 40, s. 27-42Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article is about the role of the elderly Sami in the Swedish Sami community and it is based om deep-interviews. To sum up you can find two dominating creative strategies among the elderly Sami of today in my material, strategies which strives to achieve feelings of inclusion and life consistency, to feel substantiated and valuable and to be as independent as possible. One strategy, which is practised by the elderly who still live among their relatives in the Sami village, is to be as active as possible and as long as possible in the reindeer herding. The reindeer herding is a way of life which symbolizes the good life. Another strategy, which is available for the elderly living in a larger village or in the city, is to take on the role as creator of Sami identity for the younger generation. The re-establishment of the Sami gives a sense of meaning and continuity and creates a common bond to the younger Sami who are searching for their roots.

  • 111.
    Lindgren, Helena
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Nilsson, Ingeborg
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Arbetsterapi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Towards User-Authored Agent Dialogues for Assessment in Personalised Ambient Assisted Living2013Inngår i: International Journal of Web Engineering and Technology, ISSN 1741-9212, Vol. 8, nr 2, s. 154-176Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Existing approaches to ambient assisted living (AAL) often fail to consider a human agent's needs from a holistic perspective. In particular, the regular assessment of their changing abilities, skills and limitations are often treated as a separate matter in healthcare, thereby affecting the possibilities to provide support tailored to their current condition. Therefore, the objective of this work is to integrate assessment done by the healthcare professional into the framework of AAL. We use a case scenario as base for domain experts in their development of the interaction between software agents and with the older adult in assessment and adaptation for supporting him/her in a home environment. The potentials in allowing professionals author and design the dialogue systems as part of a meta-design process is evaluated and discussed.

  • 112.
    Lindvall, Kristina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Jenkins, Paul
    Emmelin, Maria
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci Social Med & Global Hlth.
    Scribani, Melissa
    Bassett Healthcare Network Res Inst.
    Norberg, Margareta
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Larsson, Christel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för kostvetenskap.
    Weinehall, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Primary weight maintenance: an observational study exploring candidate variables for intervention2013Inngår i: Nutrition Journal, ISSN 1475-2891, E-ISSN 1475-2891, Vol. 12, s. 97-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Previous studies have focused on weight maintenance following weight loss, i.e. secondary weight maintenance (SWM). The long-term results of SWM have been rather modest and it has been suggested that preventing initial weight gain, i.e. primary weight maintenance (PWM), may be more successful. Therefore, developing a prevention strategy focused on PWM, enabling normal weight or overweight individuals to maintain their weight, would be of great interest. The aim of this study was to identify attitudes, strategies, and behaviors that are predictive of PWM in different age, sex and BMI groups in Northern Sweden. METHODS: A questionnaire was mailed to 3497 individuals in a Swedish population that had two measured weights taken ten years apart, as participants in the Västerbotten Intervention Programme. Subjects were between 41-63 years of age at the time of the survey, had a baseline BMI of 20-30, and a ten year percent change in BMI greater than -3%. The respondents were divided into twelve subgroups based on baseline age (30, 40 and 50), sex and BMI (normal weight and overweight). Analysis of variance (ANOVA), correlation, and linear regression were performed to identify independent predictors of PWM. RESULTS: Of the 166 predictors tested, 152 (91.6%) were predictive of PWM in at least one subgroup. However, only 7 of these 152 variables (4.6%) were significant in 6 subgroups or more. The number of significant predictors of PWM was higher for male (35.8) than female (27.5) subgroups (p=0.044). There was a tendency (non significant) for normal weight subgroups to have a higher number of predictors (35.3) than overweight subgroups (28.0). Adjusted R-squared values ranged from 0.1 to 0.420. CONCLUSIONS: The large number of PWM predictors identified, and accompanying high R-squared values, provide a promising first step towards the development of PWM interventions. The large disparity in the pattern of significant variables between subgroups suggests that these interventions should be tailored to the person's demographic (age, sex and BMI). The next steps should be directed towards evaluation of these predictors for causal potential.

  • 113. Long, G H
    et al.
    Johansson, Ingegerd
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för odontologi.
    Rolandsson, Olov
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Wennberg, Patrik
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Fhärm, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Weinehall, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Griffin, S J
    Simmons, R K
    Norberg, Margareta
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Healthy behaviours and 10-year incidence of diabetes: a population cohort study2015Inngår i: Preventive Medicine, ISSN 0091-7435, E-ISSN 1096-0260, Vol. 71, s. 121-127Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between meeting behavioural goals and diabetes incidence over 10years in a large, representative Swedish population.

    METHODS: Population-based prospective cohort study of 32,120 individuals aged 35 to 55years participating in a health promotion intervention in Västerbotten County, Sweden (1990 to 2013). Participants underwent an oral glucose tolerance test, clinical measures, and completed diet and activity questionnaires. Poisson regression quantified the association between achieving six behavioural goals at baseline - body mass index (BMI) <25kg/m(2), moderate physical activity, non-smoker, fat intake <30% of energy, fibre intake ≥15g/4184kJ and alcohol intake ≤20g/day - and diabetes incidence over 10years.

    RESULTS: Median interquartile range (IQR) follow-up time was 9.9 (0.3) years; 2211 individuals (7%) developed diabetes. Only 4.4% of participants met all 6 goals (n=1245) and compared to these individuals, participants meeting 0/1 goals had a 3.74 times higher diabetes incidence (95% confidence interval (CI)=2.50 to 5.59), adjusting for sex, age, calendar period, education, family history of diabetes, history of myocardial infarction and long-term illness. If everyone achieved at least four behavioural goals, 14.1% (95% CI: 11.7 to 16.5%) of incident diabetes cases might be avoided.

    CONCLUSION: Interventions promoting the achievement of behavioural goals in the general population could significantly reduce diabetes incidence.

  • 114. Long, Gráinne H.
    et al.
    Simmons, Rebecca K.
    Norberg, Margareta
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Ageing and Living Conditions Programme.
    Wennberg, Patrik
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Lindahl, Bernt
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Yrkes- och miljömedicin.
    Rolandsson, Olov
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Griffin, Simon J.
    Weinehall, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Temporal shifts in cardiovascular risk factor distribution2014Inngår i: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, ISSN 0749-3797, E-ISSN 1873-2607, Vol. 46, nr 2, s. 112-121Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Complementary strategies to shift risk factor population distributions and target high-risk individuals are required to reduce the burden of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD).

    PURPOSE: To examine secular changes in glucose and CVD risk factors over 20 years during an individual and population-based CVD prevention program in Västerbotten County, Sweden.

    METHODS: Population-based health promotion intervention was conducted and annual invitation for individuals turning 40, 50, and 60 years to attend a health assessment, including an oral glucose tolerance test, biochemical measures, and a questionnaire. Data were collected between 1991 and 2010, analyzed in 2012 and available for 120,929 individuals. Linear regression modeling examined age-adjusted differences in CVD risk factor means over time. Data were direct-age-standardized to compare disease prevalence.

    RESULTS: Between 1991-1995 and 2006-2010, mean age-adjusted cholesterol (men=-0.53, 95% CI=-0.55, -0.50 mmol/L; women=-0.48, 95% CI=-0.50, -0.45 mmol/L) and systolic blood pressure declined (men=-3.06, 95% CI=-3.43, -2.70 mm Hg; women=-5.27, 95% CI=-5.64, -4.90 mm Hg), with corresponding decreases in the age-standardized prevalence of hypertension and hyperlipidemia. Mean age-adjusted 2-hour plasma glucose (men=0.19, 95% CI=0.15, 0.23 mmol/L; women=0.08, 95% CI=0.04, 0.11 mmol/L) and BMI increased (men=1.12, 95% CI=1.04, 1.21; women=0.65, 95% CI=0.55, 0.75), with increases in the age-standardized prevalence of diabetes and obesity.

    CONCLUSIONS: These data demonstrate the potential of combined individual- and population-based approaches to CVD risk factor control and highlight the need for additional strategies addressing hyperglycemia and obesity.

  • 115.
    Lundberg, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Centrum för befolkningsstudier.
    I'm not going to jail, am I?: Epidemiology and Public Counter-Measures Against Venereal Disease in Sweden, 1919-452004Inngår i: Public Health and Preventive Medicine 1800-2000: Knowledge, Co-operation, and Conflict, Bergen, Norway: Rokkansenteret , 2004, s. 117-130Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 116.
    Lundberg, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Centrum för befolkningsstudier.
    Läkarnas blanka vapen: Svensk smittskyddslagstiftning i historiskt perspektiv2008Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 117.
    Lundberg, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Centrum för befolkningsstudier.
    Paying the Price of Citizenship: Gender and Social Policy on Venereal Disease in Stockholm, 1919-19442008Inngår i: Social science history, ISSN 0145-5532, E-ISSN 1527-8034, Vol. 32, nr 2, s. 215-234Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 118.
    Lundberg, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Demografiska databasen.
    Svensson, Ingrid
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Centrum för befolkningsstudier. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Statistik.
    Restored to Society - The Recovering of Mentally Ill Patients in the Northern Parts of Sweden 1893-19022009Inngår i: Healthcare Systems and Medical Instiutions / [ed] Astri Andresen, Oslo: Novus AS , 2009Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 119.
    Lundgren, Anna Sofia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    “In the good old days”: Insidious nostalgia and the constitution of old age identity2010Inngår i: Journal of Aging Studies, ISSN 0890-4065, E-ISSN 1879-193X, Vol. 24, nr 4, s. 248-256Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper older people are studied through qualitative in-depth interviews regarding the constitution of identity. This is based on their participation in specific projects where they take part in schoolwork. The point of departure is that these more or less organised projects provide older people with a physical as well as a social space in which such a constitution can take place. Specific attention is not only directed toward the productive use of nostalgia, but also at the rhetorical use of already established subject positions drawn from the fields of production and reproduction, and from discourses on productive ageing and participation. The intersection of these discourses was not only found to be normative and excluding, but also liberating and a necessity.

  • 120.
    Lundgren, Anna Sofia
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Ljuslinder, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Problematic demography: representations of population ageing in the Swedish daily press2011Inngår i: Journal of Population Ageing, ISSN 1874-7884, E-ISSN 1874-7876, Vol. 4, nr 3, s. 165-183Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The ageing of populations has been a topic of discussion during the last few decades, but how is this subject represented in the media, and what images of old age are produced? In this article we present the results of a quantitative content analysis that investigates how the concept of population ageing has been represented in Swedish local and national daily news press between 1988 and 2009, and the old age positions that are offered in these representations. We also use discourse analysis in order to qualitatively examine the ways in which the concept of population ageing is articulated in these news press articles and the old age positions that are thereby constituted. The results show that the concept is constituted as a naturalised expert concept, and is primarily used in order to contextualise articles about future political and economical difficulties or even crises. By articulating population ageing with both political policies, political economy and older people’s (as a group) reported need for care and services, population ageing was constituted as a political economic concern rather than a problem for the aged individual.

  • 121.
    Lundh Nilsson, Fay
    et al.
    Department of Economic History, Lund University.
    Grönberg, Per-Olof
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Mogen, vuxen och med nya perspektiv: Utlandspraktik vid sex svenska industrigymnasier2014Inngår i: Yrkesutbildning för morgondagens arbetsliv / [ed] Alexandru Panican & Jonas Olofsson, Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2014Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 122.
    Lundholm, Emma
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Return to where?: The geography of elderly return migration in Sweden2015Inngår i: European Urban and Regional Studies, ISSN 0969-7764, E-ISSN 1461-7145, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 92-103Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There are considerable regional differences when it comes to age composition, as rural areas are ageing more rapidly as a result of age-selective migration. Eras of urbanization and counter-urbanization are also making their mark on migration patterns from a long-term perspective. The current generation approaching retirement age in Sweden is a generation of urbanization, thereby constituting a potential for return migration, especially to some rural regions many people of this generation left decades ago. The aim of this paper is to compare rates of return migration in municipalities in Sweden in order to identify regions where return migration is particularly important, and also to identify which regions are the most attractive for return migration. The empirical study is based on Swedish register data, and the results indicate that the rate of return migration varies considerably between regions; some are more attractive for return migration, yet return migrants might be most significant in the regions that attract few other migrants. Another conclusion is that the regions that lost a greater share of this generation on account of previous migration often fail to attract return migrants.

  • 123.
    Lundholm, Emma
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Returning home?: Migration to birthplace among migrants after age 552012Inngår i: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 74-84Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As the large post-war cohorts reach retirement age, there is a growing potential for later-life migrants. Not only are these cohorts large in number; they are also healthier and can make plans for a substantially long period to enjoy retirement. Additionally, in Sweden this generation is largely one of urbanization, which means that many have a linkage to the rural areas where they grew up. Attracting this potential of returning retirees is one strategy to counteract population decline: in some rural areas, politicians target returning retirees as potential in-migrants. Returning to one's origin is one potential motivation for migration later in life, once employment is no longer a restraining factor to a particular place, and it becomes possible to choose a place of residence more freely. The aim of this study is to examine the extent to which returning to one's roots is a factor in interregional migration in Sweden in the age group of 55–70 years. Data consist of all persons in Sweden aged 55–70 during the period 2003–2005, including their permanent residence and parish of birth. The results indicate that approximately one out of five migrants in this group who move further than 30 km are return migrants while about ten per cent return to parish. The results further confirm that migration in this age group, particularly return migration, is oriented towards rural areas. People born in the rural areas are also more prone to return at older age compared to those born in urban settings.

  • 124.
    Lundholm, Emma
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Between elderly parents and grandchildren: Geographic proximity and trends in four-generation families2009Inngår i: Journal of Population Ageing, ISSN 1874-7884, E-ISSN 1874-7876, ISSN 1874-7876 (Online), Vol. 2, nr 3-4, s. 121-137Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In an ageing society, families may have an important role in the caretaking and well-being of the elderly. Demographic changes have an impact on the size and structure of families; one aspect is how intergenerational support is distributed when there is a need for support to both older and younger generations at the same time. Another vital aspect of the provision of care for the elderly is geographic proximity. This study is oriented towards the potential “both-end carers” i.e. persons who have grandchildren in potential need of care while still having living ageing parents. The incidence of having grandchildren and having living parents at age 55 and the proximity between generations is described using Swedish register data. The results show that the share of 55-year-olds who are grandparents decreased dramatically from 70% to 35% between 1990 and 2005. As expected, more 55-year-olds have living parents—a proportion that increased from 37% to 47% during this period. As a result of delayed childbearing among the children of these cohorts, the likelihood of belonging to a four-generation family among 55-year-olds has not increased, despite increased longevity. Furthermore, most individuals live within daily reach of their kin and no evidence was found of a trend of increasing geographic distances between generations.

  • 125.
    Lövgren, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Demografiska databasen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Jag vill inte se ut som en tant: Länge leve tanten2011Inngår i: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 1, s. 7-18Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 126.
    Malmberg Gavelin, Hanna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Boraxbekk, Carl-Johan
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Stenlund, Therese
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Slunga Järvholm, Lisbeth
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Yrkes- och miljömedicin.
    Stigsdotter Neely, Anna
    Karlstad University.
    Effects of a process-based cognitive training intervention for patients with stress-related exhaustion: a randomized clinical trial2015Inngår i: International Convention of Psychological Science, Amsterdam, 2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study evaluated whether a computerized process-based cognitive training program improves cognitive function in patients with stress-related exhaustion (n=59). Results showed training effects that were generalizable beyond the specific training tasks, suggesting that cognitive training may be a viable part of the rehabilitation of stress-related exhaustion.

  • 127.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Nilsson, Lars-Göran
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Weinehall, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Longitudinal data for interdisciplinary ageing research: Design of the Linnaeus Database2010Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 38, nr 7, s. 761-767Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Rationale: To allow for interdisciplinary research on the relations between socioeconomic conditions and health in the ageing population, a new anonymized longitudinal database – the Linnaeus Database – has been developed at the Centre for Population Studies at Umeå University. This paper presents the database and its research potential.

    Design: Using the Swedish personal numbers the researchers have, in collaboration with Statistics Sweden and the National Board for Health and Welfare, linked individual records from Swedish register data on death causes, hospitalization and various socioeconomic conditions with two databases – Betula and VIP (Västerbottens Intervention Programme) – previously developed by the researchers at Umeå University. Whereas Betula includes rich information about e.g. cognitive functions, VIP contains information about e.g. lifestyle and health indicators.

    Population and sample size: The Linnaeus Database includes annually updated socioeconomic information from Statistics Sweden registers for all registered residents of Sweden for the period 1990 to 2006, in total 12,066,478. The information from the Betula includes 4,500 participants from the city of Umeå and VIP includes data for almost 90,000 participants. Both datasets include cross-sectional as well as longitudinal information.

    Potential: Due to the coverage and rich information, the Linnaeus Database allows for a variety of longitudinal studies on the relations between, for instance, socioeconomic conditions, health, lifestyle, cognition, family networks, migration and working conditions in ageing cohorts.

    Conclusions: By joining various datasets developed in different disciplinary traditions new possibilities for interdisciplinary research on ageing emerge.

  • 128.
    Mansson, Kristoffer N.
    et al.
    Linköping, Sweden.
    Salami, Alireza
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för integrativ medicinsk biologi (IMB), Fysiologi. Stockholm, Sweden.
    Frick, Andreas
    Uppsala, Sweden.
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholm, Sweden.
    Furmark, Tomas
    Uppsala, Sweden.
    Olsson, Carl-Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI).
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköping, Sweden; Stockholm, Sweden.
    Interrelated Functional and Structural Amygdala Plasticity Following Internet-delivered Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder2015Inngår i: Biological Psychiatry, ISSN 0006-3223, E-ISSN 1873-2402, Vol. 77, nr 9 Suppl., s. 51S-51SArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 129. Mansson, Kristoffer N. T.
    et al.
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Psychol, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Frick, Andreas
    Engman, Jonas
    Olsson, Carl-Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI).
    Bodlund, Owe
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Psykiatri.
    Furmark, Tomas
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Amygdala Changes After Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Attention Bias Modification via the Internet: An fMRI-Study2013Inngår i: Biological Psychiatry, ISSN 0006-3223, E-ISSN 1873-2402, Vol. 73, nr 9, s. 72S-72SArtikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 130.
    Marjavaara, Roger
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Lundholm, Emma
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Does second-home ownership trigger migration in later life?2016Inngår i: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 22, nr 3, s. 228-240Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As a result of the ongoing urbanization trend in many countries, most rural and peripheral areas are suffering from depopulation and out-migration. Nevertheless, some rural areas are experiencing a net in-flow of older migrants. One explanation mentioned is that people own second homes that are converted into permanent homes in later life. However, this description has rarely been tested empirically. Rather, it has been described as residual for migration into rural areas. Three hypotheses have been put forward in relation to second homes as a trigger for migration in later life. The first is that second-home owners are less inclined to move but utilize their second home more as a substitute for permanent amenity migration. The second is that owners are more likely to move as they have the opportunity to move permanently to their second home, while the third is that second-home owners would be more likely to downsize from their permanent home and make housing adjustments. This study attempts to answer the question if second-home ownership triggers migration in later life and if it is a matter of housing adjustment or converting a second home into a permanent home. This is performed by analysing microdata covering all individuals in Sweden in the 55–70-years age range in the 1999–2008 period. Results support the hypothesis that second-home ownership triggers migration in later life and, by so doing, imply that a life course perspective is valuable for our understanding of migration in later life and that not only permanent migration but also experiences of temporary mobility are relevant for migration biographies.

  • 131.
    Markström, Jonas
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap, Idrottsmedicin.
    Olsson, Carl-Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Countermovement jump peak force relative to body weight and jump height as predictors for sprint running performances: (in)homogeneity of track and field athletes?2013Inngår i: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, ISSN 1064-8011, E-ISSN 1533-4287, Vol. 27, nr 4, s. 944-953Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate: (1) If variables from one-leg drop jump (DJ), DJ, squat jump (SJ), and counter movement jump (CMJ) tests can predict sprint performances for sprinters. (2) If sprinters and jumpers can be distinguished based on variables from one-leg DJ, DJ, SJ, and CMJ tests, also if sprinters and throwers can be distinguished based on variables from stiff leg jump (SLJ), SJ, and CMJ tests. A single linear regression and multiple linear regression analysis approach with models including two or three variables were used when predicting sprint performances. Five elite sprinters (1 female) participated in the first subexamination and five sprinters (1 female) vs five jumpers and six sprinters vs. six throwers (4 females) participated in the second. The force variable CMJ peak force relative to body weight significantly predicted the sprint performances maximal running velocity through 10 m (Vmax10m) and 60 m time. Vmax10m was also predicted by CMJ height. Jump heights from SJ and DJ did not predict sprint performances. The between group analysis of the athletes showed a non-significant group difference with respect to the jump variables. However, planned comparisons between sprinters and throwers showed significant differences on a number of SLJ variables. When constructing training programs for sprinters, aim should be to improve CMJ peak force and CMJ height because of the prediction of Vmax10m and 60 m time, presumably due to velocity specificity components.

  • 132.
    Martel, Catherine
    et al.
    Charles Darwin University.
    Carson, Dean
    Charles Darwin University.
    Lundholm, Emma
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Bubbles and craters: analysing ageing patterns of remote area populations2011Inngår i: Demography at the edge: remote human populations in developed nations / [ed] Dean Carson, Rasmus Ole Rasmussen, Prescott Ensign, Lee Huskey, Andrew Taylor, Farnham: Ashgate, 2011, s. 107-123Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 133.
    Molander, Bo
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Olsson, Carl-Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Stenling, Andreas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Borg, Elisabet
    Psychology, Stockholms University, Sweden.
    Regulating force in putting by using the Borg CR100 scale®2013Inngår i: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 4, nr 82Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies investigating the regulation of force of motor actions are scarce, and particularlyso in the area of sports. This is surprising, considering that in most sports precise forceis of great importance. The current study demonstrates how a psychophysical scale, theBorg CR100 scale® (Borg and Borg, 2001), can be used to assess subjective force aswell as regulate force in putting. Psychophysical functions were calculated on the relationships between judgments of force using the CR100 scale and the length of puttingshots, examined in a laboratory setting, where 44 amateur golfers played on both flatand uphill surfaces. High agreement and consistency between CR 100 ratings and distancesputted was demonstrated. No significant differences in handling the scale wereobserved between younger (mean age 37 years) and older (mean age 69 years) playersor between players of different skill level. This study provides a new innovative use of anexisting instrument, the Borg CR 100 scale®, in order to understand the regulation of forceneeded for putts of various lengths and surfaces. These results and the potential futurebenefits of the psychophysical approach in golf are discussed.

  • 134.
    Mulder, Clara
    et al.
    Royal University of Groningen.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Moving related to separation: who moves and to what distance2011Inngår i: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 43, nr 11, s. 2589-2607Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We address the issue of moving from the joint home on the occasion of separation. Our research question is: To what extent can the occurrence of moves related to separation, and the distance moved, be explained by ties to the location, resources, and other factors influencing the likelihood of moving of persons who separate and their ex-partners? We use data from the unique ASTRID micro database for Sweden, based on administrative information about the entire Swedish population. The methods are logistic regression analysis of moving, and OLS regression of the log-distance moved, for people from two-gender couples who separated during the period 2004 ^ 05. We find marked negative effects of local ties to parents and siblings, work, and the location in general on moving and moving distance. The results concerning resources and other factors influencing moving were less pronounced. Particularly striking was the absence of an effect of education level.

  • 135.
    Månsson, Kristoffer NT
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholm University.
    Frick, Andreas
    Uppsala University.
    Engman, Jonas
    Uppsala University.
    Olsson, Carl-Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI).
    Bodlund, Owe
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Psykiatri.
    Furmark, Thomas
    Uppsala University.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköping University.
    Altered neural correlates of affective processing after internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy for social anxiety disorder2013Inngår i: Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, ISSN 0925-4927, E-ISSN 1872-7506, Vol. 214, nr 3, s. 229-237Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Randomized controlled trials have yielded promising results for internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (iCBT) forpatients with social anxiety disorder (SAD). The present study investigated anxiety-related neural changes after iCBT for SAD. The amygdala is a critical hub in the neural fear network, receptive to change using emotion regulation strategies and a putative target for iCBT.

    Twenty-two subjects were included in pre- and post-treatment functional magnetic resonance imaging at 3T assessingneural changes during an affective face processing task. Treatment outcome was assessed using social anxiety self-reports and the Clinical Global Impression-Improvement (CGI-I) scale.

    ICBT yielded better outcome than ABM (66% vs. 25% CGI-I responders). A significant differential activation of the left amygdala was found with relatively decreased reactivity after iCBT. Changes in the amygdala were related to a behavioral measure of social anxiety. Functional connectivity analysis in the iCBT group showed that the amygdala attenuation was associated with increased activity in the medial orbitofrontal cortex and decreased activity in the right ventrolateral and dorsolateral (dlPFC) cortices. Treatment-induced neural changes with iCBT were consistent with previously reported studies on regular CBT and emotion regulation in general.

  • 136.
    Månsson, Kristoffer NT
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Frick, Andreas
    Uppsala University.
    Boraxbekk, Carl-Johan
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Marquand, AF
    Donders Institute, Radboud University.
    Williams, SCR
    King's College London.
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholm University.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköping University.
    Furmark, Tomas
    Uppsala University.
    Predicting long-term outcome of Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy for social anxiety disorder using fMRI and support vector machine learning2015Inngår i: Translational Psychiatry, ISSN 2158-3188, E-ISSN 2158-3188, Vol. 5, artikkel-id e530Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for social anxiety disorder (SAD), but many patients do not respond sufficiently and a substantial proportion relapse after treatment has ended. Predicting an individual's long-term clinical response therefore remains an important challenge. This study aimed at assessing neural predictors of long-term treatment outcome in participants with SAD 1 year after completion of Internet-delivered CBT (iCBT). Twenty-six participants diagnosed with SAD underwent iCBT including attention bias modification for a total of 13 weeks. Support vector machines (SVMs), a supervised pattern recognition method allowing predictions at the individual level, were trained to separate long-term treatment responders from nonresponders based on blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) responses to self-referential criticism. The Clinical Global Impression-Improvement scale was the main instrument to determine treatment response at the 1-year follow-up. Results showed that the proportion of long-term responders was 52% (12/23). From multivariate BOLD responses in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) together with the amygdala, we were able to predict long-term response rate of iCBT with an accuracy of 92% (confidence interval 95% 73.2–97.6). This activation pattern was, however, not predictive of improvement in the continuous Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale—Self-report version. Follow-up psychophysiological interaction analyses revealed that lower dACC–amygdala coupling was associated with better long-term treatment response. Thus, BOLD response patterns in the fear-expressing dACC–amygdala regions were highly predictive of long-term treatment outcome of iCBT, and the initial coupling between these regions differentiated long-term responders from nonresponders. The SVM-neuroimaging approach could be of particular clinical value as it allows for accurate prediction of treatment outcome at the level of the individual.

  • 137.
    Ng, Nawi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Johnson, Owe
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Kardiologi.
    Lindahl, Bernt
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Yrkes- och miljömedicin.
    Norberg, Margareta
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    A reversal of decreasing trends in population cholesterol levels in Västerbotten County, Sweden2012Inngår i: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 5, s. 10367-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: High cholesterol is identified as a major risk factor for chronic non-communicable diseases, especially cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Monitoring trends of cholesterol levels and comparing trends across population groups are important to assess population distribution and risks related to cholesterol change over time. Cholesterol surveillance data are lacking, even in high-income countries.

    OBJECTIVES: To describe the trends in cholesterol and triglyceride levels in different population groups and to estimate the risk of developing hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia in Västerbotten County, Sweden during 1990-2010.

    DESIGNS AND METHODS: Since 1990, 133,082 individuals living in Västerbotten County, Northern Sweden, invited on their 30th, 40th, 50th and 60th birthdays, participated in the Västerbotten Intervention Program. Ten years after baseline data collection, 34,868 individuals were surveyed for a second time. In addition to a self-administered health questionnaire (that included information on socioeconomic status, demographics, self-reported health and lifestyle behaviours), blood cholesterol and triglyceride were examined.

    RESULTS: The level and prevalence of hypercholesterolemia decreased significantly from 1990 to 2007, but the trends began to increase during 2008-2010 in men, women, and in all educational groups. Men had significantly higher serum triglyceride levels than women and their cholesterol levels were similar to those of the women. This study shows that those with basic education and who live in rural inlands had consistently higher triglyceride level than those who live in the city and have higher educational attainments. People with basic education are also at higher risk of developing hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia at 10-year follow-up; the risk is much higher among the older cohorts, particularly women. During 1990-2010, the proportion of participants who reported treatment with lipid-lowering agents increased from 1.1% to 9.6% among men and 0.5% to 5.3% among women. About 60% of those treated achieved treatment goals for cholesterol or triglycerides.

    CONCLUSIONS: The increasing trend in cholesterol level in the Västerbotten population during 2008-2010 needs to be closely monitored. Addressing the unequal distribution of cholesterol, as well as other risk factors such as obesity, physical inactivity, high blood glucose, among those with basic education, and particularly among populations in rural areas are important to prevent higher burdens of chronic non-communicable diseases in this population.

  • 138.
    Ng, Nawi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Söderman, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Norberg, Margareta
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Increasing physical activity, but persisting social gaps among middle-aged people: trends in Northern Sweden from 1990 to 20072011Inngår i: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 4, s. 6347-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Physical activity is identified as one important protective factor for chronic diseases. Physical activity surveillance is important in assessing healthy population behaviour over time. Many countries lack population trends on physical activity.

    OBJECTIVE: To present trends in physical activity levels in Västerbotten County, Sweden and to evaluate physical activity among women and men with various educational levels.

    METHODS: opulation-based cross-sectional and panel data from the Västerbotten Intervention Programme (VIP) during 1990-2007 were used. All individuals in Västerbotten County who turned 40, 50, or 60 years old were invited to their local primary health care for a health screening. Physical activity during commuting, recreational activities, physical exercise, and socio-demographic data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Respondents were categorised as sedentary, moderate physically active, or physically active.

    RESULTS: The prevalences of physically active behaviours increased from 16 to 24.2% among men and from 12.6 to 30.4% among women. Increases are observed in all educational groups, but gaps between educational groups widened recently. The level of sedentary behaviour was stable over the time period studied. The 10-year follow-up data show that the prevalences of physically active behaviours increased from 15.8 to 21.4% among men and 12.7 to 23.3% among women. However, 10.2% of men and 3.8% of women remained sedentary.

    CONCLUSION: Despite the promising evidence of increasing physical activity levels among the population in Västerbotten County, challenges remain for how to reduce the stable levels of sedentary behaviours in some subgroups. Persisting social gaps in physical activity levels should be addressed further. An exploration of people's views on engaging in physical activity and barriers to doing so will allow better formulation of targeted interventions within this population.

  • 139.
    Niklasson, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Geriatrik.
    Conradsson, Mia
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Geriatrik.
    Hörnsten, Carl
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Geriatrik.
    Nyqvist, Fredrica
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Nygren, Björn
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Olofsson, Birgitta
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Lövheim, Hugo
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Geriatrik.
    Gustafson, Yngve
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Geriatrik.
    Psychometric properties and feasibility of the Swedish version of the Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale2015Inngår i: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 24, nr 11, s. 2795-2805Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: Morale is related to psychological well-being and quality of life in older people. The Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale (PGCMS) is widely used to assess morale. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties and feasibility of the Swedish version of the 17-item PGCMS among very old people.

    METHODS: The Umea 85+/GERDA study included Swedish-speaking people aged 85, 90 and 95 years and older, from Sweden and Finland. Participants were interviewed in their own homes using a predefined set of questions. In the main sample, 493 individuals answered all 17 PGCMS items (aged 89.0 +/- 4.3 years). Another 105 answered between 1 and 16 questions (aged 89.6 +/- 4.4 years). A convenience sample was also collected, and 54 individuals answered all 17 PGCMS items twice (aged 84.7 +/- 6.7 years). The same assessor restated the questions within 1 week.

    RESULTS: Cronbach's alpha was 0.74 among those who answered all 17 questions in the main sample. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to test the construct validity of the most widely used version of the PGCMS, with 17 items and three factors, and showed a generally good fit. Among those answering between 1 and 17 PGCMS questions, 92.6 % (554/598) answered 16 or 17. The convenience sample was used for intra-rater test-retesting, and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was 0.89. The least significant change between two assessments, with 95 % confidence interval, was 3.53 PGCMS points.

    CONCLUSION: The Swedish version of the PGCMS seems to have satisfactory psychometric properties and feasibility among very old people.

  • 140.
    Nilsson, Ingeborg
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Arbetsterapi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Townsend, Elizabeth
    School of Occupational Therapy, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada.
    Occupational justice: bridging theory and practice2014Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 21, nr suppl 1, s. 64-70Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The evolving theory of occupational justice links the concept to social justice and to concerns for a justice of difference: a justice that recognizes occupational rights to inclusive participation in everyday occupations for all persons in society, regardless of age, ability, gender, social class, or other differences. The purpose of this descriptive paper is to inspire and empower health professionals to build a theoretical bridge to practice with an occupational justice lens. Using illustrations from a study of leisure and the use of everyday technology in the lives of very old people in Northern Sweden, the authors argue that an occupational justice lens may inspire and empower health professionals to engage in critical dialogue on occupational justice; use global thinking about occupation, health, justice, and the environment; and combine population and individualized approaches. The authors propose that taking these initiatives to bridge theory and practice will energize health professionals to enable inclusive participation in everyday occupations in diverse contexts.

  • 141.
    Nilsson, Lars-Göran
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS).
    Sternäng, Ola
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Rönnlund, Michael
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS).
    Nyberg, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för integrativ medicinsk biologi (IMB), Fysiologi. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för strålningsvetenskaper, Diagnostisk radiologi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CPS).
    Challenging the notion of an early-onset of cognitive decline.2009Inngår i: Neurobiology of Aging, ISSN 0197-4580, E-ISSN 1558-1497, Vol. 30, nr 4, s. 521-524; discussion 530Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Salthouse claims that cognitive aging starts around 20 years of age. The basis for this claim is cross-sectional data. He dismisses longitudinal data, which typically show the cognitive decline to start much later, around 60 years of age. He states that longitudinal data cannot be trusted because they are flawed. There is a confounding between the effects of maturation and retest effects. We challenge Salthouse's strong claim on four accounts.

  • 142.
    Norberg, Margareta
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Ng, Nawi
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Broström, Göran
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Statistik.
    Use of moist smokeless tobacco (snus) and the risk of development of alcohol dependence: a cohort study in a middle-aged population in Sweden.2015Inngår i: Drug And Alcohol Dependence, ISSN 0376-8716, E-ISSN 1879-0046, Vol. 149, s. 151-157Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Convincing evidence shows that smoking is associated with alcohol dependence (AD) and a positive correlation between snus and alcohol consumption was previously shown in cross-sectional studies. We performed a longitudinal evaluation of the risk of snus users to develop AD.

    METHODS: A cohort study in Västerbotten County, Sweden, linked individual data on socioeconomic situation and health survey data from 21,037 men and women (46.5% men). AD was defined by the CAGE questionnaire and evaluated at baseline 1991-1997 and again after 10 years. The risk of developing AD was assessed using logistic regression analysis and propensity score matching.

    RESULTS: 2370 men and 430 women used snus and were without AD at baseline. Over the 10-year period, 499 men and 257 women developed AD, among whom 191 and 26, respectively, were baseline snus users. The crude relative risks of AD for male and female snus users compared to non-users were 1.8 with 95% CI (1.5, 2.2) and 2.9 (2.0, 4.3), respectively. Adjusted logistic regression showed a positive dose-response relationship between snus use and risk of AD. Analyses involving propensity score matching revealed 33 and 17 new cases of AD in men and women, respectively, after 10 years given 1000 men and 1000 women without AD had been baseline snus users rather than non-users. Results for current, previous and never smokers were similar.

    CONCLUSIONS: The use of snus is prospectively associated with an increased risk of AD with a dose-response relationship that is independent of smoking status.

  • 143.
    Norberg, Margareta
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statistiska institutionen.
    Ng, Nawi
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Broström, Göran
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Who is using snus? - Time trends, socioeconomic and geographic characteristics of snus users in the ageing Swedish population2011Inngår i: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 11, s. 929-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The prevalence of smoking in Sweden has decreased in recent decades, and is now among the lowest in the world. During the same period, the use of Swedish moist oral snuff, a smokeless tobacco called snus, has increased. Few studies have evaluated time trends of the socioeconomic and geographic characteristics of snus users in Sweden. This paper contributes to filling that gap.

    METHODS: This study utilized the Linnaeus Database, which links national registers with comprehensive individual data on socioeconomic status (SES) to health data from a large ongoing health survey, the Västerbotten Intervention Programme (VIP). The VIP targets the entire middle-aged population of Västerbotten county at ages 40, 50 and 60 years with yearly cross-sectional surveys including self-reported data on tobacco habits. Time trends of snus use among 92,563 VIP-participants across different areas of residence and smoking groups were investigated graphically. Logistic regression was performed to estimate the associations between SES and geographical variables and current use versus non-use of snus.

    RESULTS: Overall, in parallel to decreasing smoking, the increasing trend of snus use in this middle-aged population continues, particularly in 40-year-olds. In both genders, the highest prevalence of snus use was observed among previous smokers. The prevalence of snus use also increased over time among smokers, and was consistently higher compared to those who had never smoked. Among males - both those who had never smoked and previous smokers - low education (OR 1.21, 95%CI 1.06-1.40 and OR 1.28, 95%CI 1.14-1.43), living alone (OR 1.16, 95%CI 1.07-1.27 and OR 1.13, 95%ci 1.04-1.23), low income and living in rural areas was associated with using snus, while this was not seen among male current smokers. Among women, living alone was associated with using snus irrespective of smoking habits. Among female smokers, the OR for snus use increased with higher education.

    CONCLUSIONS: A disadvantaged social profile and also higher prevalence in rural areas is observed among male snus users who had never smoked or were previous smokers. Among male smokers there was no association between SES and use of snus. The prevalence of snus use among women is increasing, but is still considerably lower than that of men. The association between snus and SES characteristics is less pronounced among women, although snus is clearly linked to living alone. These patterns should be taken into consideration in tobacco control policies.

  • 144.
    Nygren, Thomas
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Humlab. Stanford University; Uppsala universitet.
    Sandberg, Karin
    Mälardalens Högskola.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Digitala primärkällor i historieundervisningen: en utmaning för elevers historiska tänkande och historiska empati2014Inngår i: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, nr 2, s. 208-245Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, 110 Swedish upper secondary students use a historical database designed for research. We analyze how they perceive the use of this digital tool in teaching and if they are able to use historical thinking and historical empathy in their historical writing and presentations. Using case-study methodology including questionnaires, observations, interviews and text analysis we find this to be a complex task for students. Our results highlight technological problems and problems in contextualizing historical evidence. However, students show interest in using primary sources and ability to use historical thinking and historical empathy, especially older students in more advanced courses when they have time to reflect upon the historical material.

  • 145.
    Olsson, Carl-Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI).
    Complex motor representations may not be preserved after complete spinal cord injury2012Inngår i: Experimental Neurology, ISSN 0014-4886, E-ISSN 1090-2430, Vol. 236, nr 1, s. 46-49Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    When using motor imagery to improve rehabilitation after spinal cord injury it is assumed that the motor representations are preserved and that task specific physical training is not necessary. Here I tested this hypothesis by examining P.W. who has a complete spinal cord injury due to an accident. However, P.W. was an elite wheelchair athlete, hence, has experienced a high load of physical training in general. During functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). P.W. imagined wheelchair slalom (a complex motor task P.W. can perform) and stair walking (a complex motor task P.W. no longer can perform). A control group of neurologically intact participants were also included. The results showed that only for the task (wheelchair slalom) P.W. currently could physically perform was the pre-motor cortex recruited. For stair walking P.W. recruited inferior frontal cortex and parietal cortex. The results were confirmed with the control group showing similar pattern but for the opposite tasks. The conclusions from this study are that complex motor representations may not be preserved after a complete spinal cord injury and motor imagery is dependent on the current ability to perform the task physically. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  • 146.
    Olsson, Carl-Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Dancing combines the essence for successful aging2012Inngår i: Frontiers in Neuroscience, ISSN 1662-4548, E-ISSN 1662-453X, nr 6, s. 155-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 147.
    Olsson, Carl-Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Physical experience shapes neural correlates of internal imagery2012Inngår i: Journal of Mental Imagery, ISSN 0364-5541, Vol. 36, nr 1-2, s. 74-79Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 148.
    Olsson, Carl-Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI).
    The Aging Brain and what we can do about it: an introduction2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 149.
    Olsson, Carl-Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Träna konditionen förbättra kognitionen2008Inngår i: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 14-17Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 150.
    Olsson, Carl-Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Vad händer i hjärnan när vi tränar mentalt?2010Inngår i: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 19, nr 2, s. 18-21Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
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