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  • 1151.
    Wälivaara, Josefine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    "You people and your quaint little categories": märkliga kategorier och den snåriga relationen mellan teori, metod och material2012In: Mitt i metoden: kulturvetenskapliga reflektioner / [ed] Bo Nilsson & Anna Sofia Lundgren, Umeå: Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper, Umeå universitet , 2012, p. 107-118Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1152.
    Wåhlin, Nils
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
    Projective Cities: Organizing Large Cultural Development Initiatives2015In: Culture and Growth: Magical Companions or Mutually Exclusive Counterparts? / [ed] Britta Lundgren and Ovidiu Matiu, Sibiu: Lucian Blaga University Press , 2015, Vol. 7, p. 44-68Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cities are the dynamic places within which living, working and playing is performed for over fifty per cent of the global population. In recent years, organization scholars who study cities have become interested in the way organizing is translated into ongoing actions and how these actions are assembled in the city context. This paper describes city development as a situated practice and proposes a conceptual vocabulary comprehensive enough to incorporate the complexity of such strategic endeavours as the performing of a ‘city of culture’. Our group of researchers followed the materialization of a large developmental-cultural initiative, attempting to understand how organizing and strategizing were shaped in the context of this initiative. As a way of analysing ongoing actions, we refused to treat the city as a stable and separate entity; rather, we saw the city as a meshwork: heterogeneous assemblies emerging on its terrain. Public and private initiatives worked in tandem, in concert and contest, and were repeatedly translated into projectified practices. Projectifying and projecting city development could thereby be described as an attempt to shape and form what we call projective cities. A projective city comprises multiple projects, multiple arenas and multiple forces – not always co-created in harmony with its citizens.

  • 1153.
    Yttergren, Åsa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Forum for Studies on Law and Society.
    Westerstrand, Jenny
    Centre for Gender Research, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    The Swedish Legal Approach to Prostitution: Trends and Tendencies in the Prostitution Debate2016In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 45-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on academic responses to the Swedish law prohibiting the purchase of sexual services, enacted in 1999. It highlights the close link between popular – populist – ideas circulating in media, and academic work discussing problems with the given legislation. Two myths can be traced, exchanged between and enforced by on the one hand voices in the Sex Workers Rights movement and voices from within academia. The first myth relates to the legal construction of the legislation – which is obscured in order to make women in prostitution seem like victims in the eyes of the lawmaker, and hence portray the legislation as a "radical feminist-victim-oriented" piece of work. The second myth relates to the historical events leading up to the law, what alliances and arguments that were used. The made up history again puts the legislation firmly in radical feminist politics, all though the alliances and arguments came from many strands of thoughts and crucial decisions came about due to ad hoc events as well as the lack of an articulated resistance. The article concludes that the research field is under influence from strong political interests, so far successful in producing non valid arguments against the law. This in turn makes it difficult to gain knowledge about the outcomes and effects of "the Swedish model" on prostitution.

  • 1154. Zaki, Rafdzah
    et al.
    Roffeei, Siti Norsyuhada
    Hii, Yien Ling
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Yahya, Abqariyah
    Appannan, Mahesh
    Said, Mas Ayu
    Wan, Ng Chiu
    Aghamohammadi, Nasrin
    Hairi, Noran Naqiah
    Bulgiba, Awang
    Quam, Mikkel Brandon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Rocklöv, Joacim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Public perception and attitude towards dengue prevention activity and response to dengue early warning in Malaysia2019In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 14, no 2, article id e0212497Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An early warning system for dengue is meant to predict outbreaks and prevent dengue cases by aiding timely decision making and deployment of interventions. However, only a system which is accepted and utilised by the public would be sustainable in the long run. This study aimed to explore the perception and attitude of the Malaysian public towards a dengue early warning system. The sample consisted of 847 individuals who were 18 years and above and living/working in the Petaling District, an area adjacent to Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. A questionnaire consisting of personal information and three sub-measures of; i) perception, ii) attitude towards dengue early warning and iii) response towards early warning; was distributed to participants. We found that most of the respondents know about dengue fever (97.1%) and its association with climate factors (90.6%). Most of them wanted to help reduce the number of dengue cases in their area (91.5%). A small percentage of the respondents admitted that they were not willing to be involved in public activities, and 64% of them admitted that they did not check dengue situations or hotspots around their area regularly. Despite the high awareness on the relationship between climate and dengue, about 45% of respondents do not know or are not sure how this can be used to predict dengue. Respondents would like to know more about how climate data can be used to predict a dengue outbreak (92.7%). Providing more information on how climate can influence dengue cases would increase public acceptability and improve response towards climate-based warning system. The most preferred way of communicating early warning was through the television (66.4%). This study shows that the public in Petaling District considers it necessary to have a dengue warning system to be necessary, but more education is required.

  • 1155.
    Zetterberg, Liv
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sjöström, Stefan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Markström, Urban
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    The compliant court: procedural fairness and social control in compulsory community care2014In: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, ISSN 0160-2527, E-ISSN 1873-6386, Vol. 37, no 6, p. 543-550Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Compulsory community care (CCC) was introduced in Sweden in 2008. This article investigates all written court decisions regarding CCC over a 6 month period in 2009 (N = 541). The purpose is to examine how the legal rights of patients are protected and what forms of social control patients are subjected to. 51% of CCC patients are women and 84% are being treated for a psychosis-related disorder. In the court decisions, only 9% of patients are described as dangerous to themselves, while 18% are regarded a danger to others. The most common special provisions that patients are subjected to are medication (79%) and a requirement that they must maintain contact with either community mental health services (51%) or social services (27%). In the decisions, both the courts and court-appointed psychiatrists agree with treating psychiatrists in 99% of cases. Decisions lack transparency and clarity, and it is often impossible to understand the conclusions of the courts. There is considerable variation between regional courts as regards the provisions to which patients are subjected and the delegation of decision-making to psychiatrists. This means that decisions fail to demonstrate clarity, transparency, consistency and impartiality, and thus fail to meet established standards of procedural fairness. Surveillance techniques of social control are more common than techniques based on therapy or sanctions. Because of the unique role of medication, social control is primarily imposed on a physical dimension, as opposed to temporal and spatial forms. The article concludes that patients are at risk of being subjected to new forms of social control of an unclear nature without proper legal protection.

  • 1156.
    Zjajo, Mirza
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Attityder till Wikipedia: En undersökning bland lärare och studenter på läkar- och psykologprogrammen vid Umeå universitet2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1157.
    Zjajo, Mirza
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Bilden av Afrika och dess historia: en diskursanalytisk studie av ett biblioteks böcker om Afrikas historia, utifrån omslag, baksides- och innersidestexter2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this master's thesis is to examine how a Swedish public library's collection of books on African history looks like, who the writers are and how Africa and its history areportrayed. The focus of the analysis is on the front and back covers and in some cases on theinformation texts inside the books. The chosen library is the city library of Umeå. The 15books examined were found on the shelf classified as Kp – the classification for African history according to the Swedish SAB-classification system. The analysis is based on discourse analysis and on Norman Fairlough's critical discourse analysis in particular. Edward Said's postcolonial theories are also used. The results show that the majority of the writers are Western European or North American men, active as historians or journalists. There are veryfew female writers or writers of African heritage. The views on Africa and its history are generally positive when it comes to the pre-colonial history of the continent, while the history of the colonial era or contemporary history tends to be viewed upon negatively.

  • 1158.
    Ådén Wadenholt, Gustaf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Look, but don't touch: The effect of curiosity on eye and mouse interaction2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The tradeoff between satisfying curiosity and maximizing performance was investigated. Subjects were given a two-armed-bandit task, in which they should select squares from two areas with different probabilities to reward points. With each choice, subjects also got to see part of a face. The intention was to spark curiosity about the identity, as faces are known to be of special interest to humans. Also, a method for interaction by eye fixation was conceived, and compared against interaction with a mouse. The study examined if subjects were willing to sacrifice task performance to satisfy their curiosity, and if eye interaction was more susceptible to this distraction. An effect of the face distractors on learning performance was found. Eye and mouse interaction showed different patterns of square selections, but no difference in the overall task performance could be measured. Possible improvements to the paradigm are considered.

  • 1159.
    Ågren, Per-Olof
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    69 teser om internet2011Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1160.
    Åstrand, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Diversity and homogeneity: notions on the role of higher education in democratic societies2013In: Higher Education Reforms: Looking Back – Looking Forward, Ljubljana: University of Ljubljana , 2013, p. 44-69Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1161.
    Åström, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Döda mammor och ensamstående pappor: föräldraskap i tecknad film2016In: Att konstruera en kvinna: berättelser om normer, flickor och tanter / [ed] Karin Lövgren, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2016, p. 79-98Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1162.
    Åström, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Negotiating motherhood in The hunger games2018In: Handmaids, tributes, and carers: dystopian females' roles and goals / [ed] Myrna Santos, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2018, p. 2-17Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter investigates and problematizes representations of motherhood in Suzanne Collins' The Hunger Games-trilogy. The novels depict a range of maternal models, some traditional and conservative, some transgressive. If, as has been argued, young adult literature affects how readers "on the cusp of adulthood" consider society and their place in it, the way mothers and mothering are represented in the novels may have a substantial impact on the readers' identity formation.

    Characterised by scholars as weak, despondent and overly feminine, Katniss' mother has been criticised as a failure, abdicating from her maternal role. Conversely, Katniss' marriage and maternity have been read as a heteronormative cop-out, undoing the character's gender-transcending work. Drawing on literary and sociological research, I suggest a different reading of both characters, in which the narrative allows Katniss' mother to explore a way of mothering that allows for maternal subjectivity, complexity of character and reconciliation of personal growth with motherhood. I further interrogate the epilogue, but not, as other scholars have done, from the point of view of the supposed domestication of Katniss, but from the character's lack of agency and choice. It is suggested throughout the novels that Katniss does not want to have children, and the final decision is framed in terms of (ultimately futile) resistance on her part and coercion on Peeta's. Analysing the text within the framework of voluntary childlessness as female liberation as well as the difference between "will" and "consent" in relation to reproduction, I suggest that Katniss' submission and subsequent emotional distress articulate an ambivalent attitude towards motherhood. Ultimately, it could be argued that Katniss' mother achieves a maternal role that is more transgressive and liberating than that of her daughter. The novels thus offer up a variety of maternal models, which make it possible for readers to negotiate their own understanding of mothering.

  • 1163.
    Åström, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    The social and intellectual development of library and information science2006Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The background of the project is partly found in a long tradition within library and information science (LIS) of meta-analyses on the field, partly in a science studies discussion on research fields and their contextual relation to wider academia, fields of professional

    practices and professionalization processes. The general purpose of the project is to analyze the social and intellectual development and organization of LIS; and to investigate the impact of the close relation to the practice field, as well as the relation to the academic world in general. Based on the general purpose of the project and results and interpretations of the four articles attached to the thesis, three questions were stated for discussion in the thesis proper, concerning: the effects of a dual origin and LIS as a discipline, a field of research and a field of practice, the purpose of meta-studies and implications in terms of identity and perception of LIS; and competition and cooperation with other fields of research. Because of the heterogeneous nature of LIS, a variety of methods and materials was used in the different articles; and methodological issues on limits and bias in bibliographic databases – and the implications on the perception of research areas with varying publication and citation behaviour – were discussed. The analyses were performed against a theoretical framework, providing key organizational characteristics of scientific fields, relating to social, intellectual and contextual aspects, in combination with theories on scientific and disciplinary development, professionalization and interdisciplinarity; but also, for analytical contrast: alternate theories on the development of the sciences since 1945. LIS shows two distinct paths of development: research areas developing out of other fields of research; and a disciplinary development originating out of the field of practice and institutions for educating practitioners. Analyzing meta-studies of LIS, the picture of a field with a vague identity and a diverse self-understanding, even in terms of core characteristics, emerges. The relation to the wider academic community is characterized by diffuse boundaries towards, and competition from, other fields of research. In general, LIS is a fragmented field with a multitude of wildly varying research areas; and with large variations in terms of organizational setting; which together with a vague identity and diffuse boundaries, as well as the close connections to the field of practice, might contribute towards explaining problems LIS have been experiencing, establishing itself in academia. However, there are also signs towards an integration of a number of LIS research areas, as well as an increase in interdisciplinary cooperation, contradicting theories suggesting a further fragmentation; and supporting ideas on the sciences developing towards e.g. interdisciplinarity and applicability of results.

  • 1164.
    Öberg, Lova
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    OMFÖRHANDLING AV MALLARNAS BETYDELSE: En analys av subjektspositionen tjej2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Mitt syfte är att undersöka de positioner som möjliggörs och utesluts för subjektspositionen tjej, genom beskrivningar av kön, kropp, genus och sexualitet. Med hjälp av diskursanalys och med en utgångspunkt i queerteori har jag analyserat mitt empiriska material, som består av semi-strukturerade intervjuer med fem tjejer som går på gymnasiet. Positionen tjej upplevs, beskrivs och omförhandlas på varierande sätt hos respondenterna. Jag har delat upp material i fyra teman; sexualitet, sammanhang och utrymme. I dessa kan man förstå omförhandlingar som sker utifrån makthierarkier såsom den heterosexuella matrisen, värdehierarkier inom heterosexualiteten och normalitet. Utifrån dessa makthierarkier kan man se hur respondenterna formar och ger innebörd till sina subjektspositioner, där de beskriver olika upplevelser av positions betydelse.

  • 1165.
    Öhlin, Josefine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Söderström, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Livet på Facebook: En intervjustudie om män och kvinnors uppfattningar om självpresentationer på Facebook2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens samhälle har internet och Facebook blivit allt mer utbrett vilket fångat vårt intresse med avseende på hur individer väljer att framställa sig själva där. Vi har i denna uppsats med hjälp av en deduktiv ansats tolkat och analyserat män och kvinnors självpresentationer på Facebook. I analysarbetet har teorier som behandlar självpresentation används, liksom teorier gällande genus, normer samt identitet. Intervjuer med tre män och tre kvinnor har utförts. Fokus har legat på vad de väljer att visa eller inte visa på sina facebookprofiler samt vad det är som styr dessa val. Analysen av intervjuerna har gjorts utifrån en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. De manliga och de kvinnliga respondenterna gav uttryck för liknande åsikter gällande äkthet, idealisering och normer. Det finns normer som indikerar på att man som facebookanvändare bör publicera bra och intressant material för att uppfattas som en intressant person. Däremot uppfattas man inte som äkta om man publicerar för mycket positivt material. Det är heller inte önskvärt att publicera negativt material. Respondenterna var även överens om att det inte är ett äkta liv som presenteras på Facebook utan att det är polerat.

  • 1166.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Comparative Literature and Scandinavian Languages.
    Det excellenta universitetet2008In: Kulturella perspektiv: Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 36-40Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1167.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences.
    Genus i vårdens organisationer2004In: Kropp och genus i medicinen / [ed] Birgitta Hovelius, Eva E. Johansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2004, p. 137-145Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1168.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences.
    Genuskodade kroppsideal i hälso- och sjukvården2004In: Kropp och genus i medicinen / [ed] Birgitta Hovelius, Eva E. Johansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2004, p. 177-184Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1169.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    When mobility becomes too high: on gender, power and work in elderly care2016In: Gränser, mobilitet och mobilisering: Boundaries, mobility and mobilisation : Nationell konferens för genusforskning = Swedish conference for gender research / [ed] Silje Lundgren, Maja Lundqvist, Björn Pernrud, Göteborg: Nationella sekretariatet för genusforskning , 2016, p. 165-Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 1170.
    Öhman, Ann
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Emmelin, Maria
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Social Medicine and Global Health, Lund University, Sweden.
    Development policies, intimate partner violence, Swedish gender equality and global health2014In: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 46, p. 115-122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses current Swedish international development policies on gender and violence. It deals with the relationship between development policies, global health, promotion of gender equality, and violence against women in a global perspective. The focus is on intimate partner violence and the highly promoted gender mainstreaming policy. Theoretically, our point of departure lies within a feminist notion of gender relations, power structures, and male hierarchies that constrain and subordinate women and girls and which expose them to gendered violence. We claim that stronger links need to be created between local activist groups in low and middle income countries and the international development agencies. It is important to initiate and formalize a North South dialogue between such groups, as well as enhancing South South dialogue and cooperation.

  • 1171.
    Öhman, Ann
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Keisu, Britt-Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Enberg, Birgit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Team social cohesion, professionalism, and patient-centeredness: gendered care work, with special reference to elderly care – a mixed methods study2017In: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 17, article id 381Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Healthcare organisations are facing large demands in recruiting employees with adequate competency to care for the increasing numbers of elderly. High degrees of turnover and dissatisfaction with working conditions are common. The gendered notion of care work as 'women's work', in combination with low salaries and status, may contribute to negative work experiences. There is abundant information about the negative aspects of elderly care health services, but little is known about positive aspects of this work. The study aim was to investigate work satisfaction from a gender perspective among Swedish registered nurses, physiotherapists, and occupational therapists, focusing specifically on healthcare services for the elderly.

    Methods: A mixed methods approach was adopted in which we combined statistics and open-ended responses from a national survey with qualitative research interviews with healthcare professionals in elderly care organisations. The survey was administered to a random sample of 1578 registered nurses, physiotherapists, and occupational therapists. Qualitative interviews with 17 professionals were conducted in six elderly care facilities. Qualitative and quantitative content analyses, chi2 and constructivist grounded theory were used to analyse the data.

    Results: There was a statistically significant difference in overall work satisfaction between those who worked in elderly care and those who did not (64 and 74,4% respectively, p < 0.001). Nine themes were derived from open-ended responses in the questionnaire. The qualitative interviews revealed four prominent storylines: 'Team social cohesion', 'Career development and autonomy', 'Client-centeredness', and 'Invisible and ignored power structures'.

    Conclusions: The results show the complexity of elderly care work and describe several aspects that are important for work satisfaction among health professionals. The results reveal that work satisfaction is dependent on social interrelations and cohesion in the work team, in possibilities to use humour and to have fun together, and in the ability to work as professionals to provide client-centered elderly care. Power relations such as gendered hierarchies were less visible or even ignored aspects of work satisfaction. The storylines are clearly linked to the two central discourses of professionalism and gender equality.

  • 1172.
    Öhrn, Elisabet
    et al.
    Institutionen för pedagogik och specialpedagogik, Göteborgs universitet.
    Lundahl, Lisbeth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Child and Youth education, Special Education and Counselling.
    Avslutande diskussion2013In: Kön och karriär i akademin: en studie inom det utbildningsvetenskapliga fältet / [ed] Elisabeth Öhrn & Lisbeth Lundahl, Göteborg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, 2013, p. 165-176Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1173.
    Örestig, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Observerade könsskillnader har systematiskt överdrivits: Recension av Cordelia Fines "Testosteron Rex: myten om våra könade hjärnor2018In: Tidskriften Respons, no 4Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1174.
    Östbye, Stein
    et al.
    University of Tromsö.
    Moilanen, Mikko
    University of Tromsö.
    Tervo, Hannu
    University of Jyväskylä .
    Westerlund, Olle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics. CEDAR.
    The creative class: do jobs follow people or do people follow jobs?2018In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 52, no 6, p. 745-755Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Regional adjustment models are applied to explore causal interaction between two types of people distinguished by educational attainment, and two types of jobs, creative class jobs and other jobs. Data used are for labour market regions in Finland, Norway and Sweden from the 2000s. Creative class jobs follow people with high educational attainment (oneway causation), but creative class jobs also follow main jobs and vice versa (circular causation). The results suggest that stimulating creative class job growth could be accomplished through attracting people with higher education, but also through attracting main sector business with the added benefit that the initial stimulus would be reinforced through circular and cumulative causation between job creation in the two sectors.

  • 1175. Österlund, Mia
    et al.
    Söderberg, Eva
    Formark, Bodil
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Litteratur och konst som flickforskningens teoretiska språngbräda2013In: Flicktion: perspektiv på flickan i fiktionen / [ed] Eva Söderberg, Mia Österlund och Bodil Formark, Malmö: Universus Academic Press , 2013, p. 11-25Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1176.
    Öun, Ida
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Konflikten arbete-familj: Sverige i ett jämförande perspektiv2014In: Lönsamt arbete: familjeansvarets fördelning och konsekvenser : forskningsantologi till Delegationen för jämställdhet i arbetslivet / [ed] Boye, K. och Nermo, M., Stockholm: Fritzes , 2014, p. 257-280Chapter in book (Other academic)
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