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  • 1201.
    Åkerlund, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Stories of lifestyle mobility: representing self and place in the search for the 'good life'2015Ingår i: Social & cultural geography (Print), ISSN 1464-9365, E-ISSN 1470-1197, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 351-370Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent decades, mobility researchers have paid increasing attention to the flows of relatively privileged individuals whose mobility practices are largely understood to be lifestyle-motivated, consumption-led and tourism-induced (e.g. Benson, M., & O'Reilly, K. (Eds.). (2009). Lifestyle migration: Expectations, aspirations and experiences. Surrey: Ashgate; King, R., Warnes, A. M., & Williams, A. M. (2000). Sunset lives: British retirement migration to the Mediterranean. Oxford: Berg). Situated within the context of lifestyle mobilities, this paper aims to analyse the significance of place and representations of place in the movers' stories of mobility. The mobility experiences of Swedish retirees practicing routinised and seasonal mobility between Sweden and Malta have been analysed, and this paper explores how they actively give meaning to their choices and decisions. In their narratives, the movers express their representations of themselves in relation not only to their imaginings of places and to their belongings to and engagements with these places, but also to their mobility practices. The findings contribute to a discussion of how place imaginaries and self-identities are constructed through lifestyle mobility practices.

  • 1202.
    Öberg, Eva-Lotta
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Starkare tillsammans: Offentligt och privat samarbete-En fallstudie av Höga Kusten2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 180 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Cooperation and relationships between private and public stakeholders is a growing field within tourism. Cooperation between stakeholders at a destination is by many researchers in tourism seen as a success factor for sustainable destination development. Research show that by combining assets a destination creates collective benefits for the participating stakeholders. A further seen benefit of collaboration is also that it can increase growth and competitiveness. Every cooperation relation between actors at a destination and the place where it takes place is unique, which why this subject is interesting to examine.  Cooperation take place at various locations, geographic variations, unique compositions of these factors and unique interactions between people makes cooperation complex. There is little knowledge in the field on how tourist organisations in Sweden are organized and structured. The aim of this bachelor thesis is to examine how public and private stakeholders cooperate to create destination development. Many destinations have created one collected destination corporation for the private and public sectors. Destination High Coast, Sweden, however still have two separate corporations with different focus and missions. This case study is based on an analysis of the public Corporation Höga Kusten Destinationsutveckling and the private corporation Höga Kusten Turism. The study aims to answer how the cooperation between the public destination development corporation and the private corporation takes shape. How unanimous they are in visions and goals and how they work together. Further what meaning and conditions for development the cooperation between the public stakeholder and the private stakeholder have. To answer the aim of the thesis, interviews with informants from both corporations has been made. The empirical material was analysed using thematic analysis and then compared to theory according networks, destination development, cooperation and governance. The results of the study reveal that the corporations have a close relationship and work together in many parts of the development of the destination. They have the same visions with different approaches and they have collectively created strategies that they work with. However, the two corporations have different focus on the development of the destination. The public corporation have a more long-term, strategic perspective. They work for the owners which is the municipalities forming The High Coast. The private corporation has a more operative and short-term perspective. They work for the entrepreneurs and the operators at the destination to establish and develop good products and then market them towards the costumer. The relation is complex, much because there are multiple stakeholders, owners and parts of the relationship and cooperation. The two corporations are also, because the different focus on the development, in a dependency relationship to create destination development and reach their goals. Both corporations state that they benefit from the cooperation and is “stronger together”

  • 1203.
    Ödmark, Elin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Är kultur bättre än sport?: En studie om hur antalet gästnätter påverkas av olika evenemang2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The tourism industry is considered to be the fastest growing industry in Sweden. That people choose to travel depends on a number of factors, such as discovering something new, exercising an interest or traveling for relaxation or recreation. That a destination can offer a variety of activities is considered important when different tourists request different things.

    Events can be considered a good attraction for destinations. An event is limited in time and space but can be arranged anywhere, anytime. There are different types of events but the question is what type of event that generates the best economic effects for a destination?

    This study deals with different types of events and how these relate to the number of guest nights sold. The purpose of the paper is to investigate how different types of events contribute different value in the form of guest nights in destination Umeå and Jönköping. These two destinations were considered comparable and why are described in the table of descriptive statistics in chapter 3.4. Quantitative method where guest night statistics were compared to event databases from both destinations were used. This to see how different types of events affect the number of guest nights on the destinations as well as whether there are statistically significant differences of event types between. Umeå and Jönköping were chosen as study objects because the destinations are similar and that they have data available. The results chapter presents the results obtained from the study as shown in tables and diagrams and in the discussion and the analysis chapter the theory has been linked to the results in order to answer the purpose and the questions. This chapter also discusses the results and provides suggestions for future studies. The essay is linked together in the last chapter called summary.

  • 1204.
    Öhman, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Nilsson, BoUmeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Brännpunkt Norrland: perspektiv på en region i förändring2017Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1205.
    Ölund, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Varför vill städer arrangera de Olympiska spelen?: En innehållsanalys av motiven i OS-ansökningar.2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The Olympic Games are today seen as one of the biggest events in the world. The Games gather the world´s athletes to compete in this great sports festival. The Olympic games are an example of what is define as a mega event. Mega events have the potential to attract both many visitors and attention from international media. The Olympic games have throughout the years been used, to create economic growth, as a catalyst for infrastructure investment, a tool to create urban renewal and for cities to reach global recognition.

    This thesis aims to examine the motives to why cities are seeking to host the Olympic Games. It also examines if Agenda 2020 has entailed any changes to why cities wants to host the Games. This has been done by studying three cities applications to arrange the Olympic Games. To examine these motives, a qualitative content analysis has been used. The result of this study tells us about the reasons why cities are seeking to become a host for the Games. All three cities argue why their city is most suited to become the host for the Games. Vancouver wants to hold the most inclusive games, London are focusing at deliver a great game because it enables great performance and Paris wants to show that we can create a better world through sport. At the same time, there are many similarities in the motives. For example, all three cities are using the Games to improve physical activity among their residents, the Games contributes for urban renewal and all three cities have a sustainability approach for the Games.    

  • 1206.
    Östbring, Lisa
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Relatedness put in place: on the effects of proximity on firm performance2015Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis contributes to recent theorizations in economic geography on the effects of proximity on firm competitiveness. One of the great challenge in the contemporary economy is for firms to remain competitive. Their innovative ability is highly dependent on the knowledge they possess and their ability to acquire new knowledge. It is argued that a relational proximity between individuals reduces uncertainty and offers a joint platform for communication and learning. Therefore, does this thesis apply a micro-perspective in which the labor force and the knowledge composition within plants is examined. The aim is pursued by exploring the interrelationship between different types of proximity in the labor force and plant performance. The proximity dimensions under scrutiny are; the cognitive-, the organizational-, and the geographical proximity dimension.

    The three empirical papers in the thesis are based on longitudinal micro-data from the database ASTRID. The database connects detailed socio-economic data of individuals to features of plants and firms in the entire Swedish economy. The empirical findings suggest that the different types of proximities are interdependent with regard to learning in firms. The interdependence is manifested through the variable impact on plant performance that a given distance in one dimension has, depending on what other type of proximity is accounted for at the plant. It is further found that the proximity dimensions have conditional effects on learning and innovation in firms. The empirical findings also indicate that the circumstances under which learning and knowledge application take place, vary between capital-intensive and labor-intensive sectors. Moreover, it is found that relatedness in the cognitive dimension is not unambiguously positive for interactive learning and innovativeness. Similarity in one dimension and unrelatedness in the cognitive dimension, has a significantly stronger impact on interactive learning than simply having relatedness in the cognitive dimension. It therefore seems as if the combined distance of several proximity dimensions should be taken into account when estimating the innovative power of a firm or industry.

    When the empirical findings are considered together it is evident that the local environment generates relational proximity between agents through formal- and informal networks. This proximity reproduces and rejuvenates the localized capabilities by allowing for the combination of heterogeneous pieces of knowledge in firms through local unrelated labor inflow. In conclusion, time and place are the paramount dimensions that shape the micro-dynamics of knowledge generation and innovation in firms.

  • 1207.
    Östbring, Lisa
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Labor mobility and organizational proximity: routines as supporting mechanisms for variety, skill integration and productivity2017Ingår i: Industry and Innovation, ISSN 1366-2716, E-ISSN 1469-8390, Vol. 24, nr 8, s. 775-794Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to introduce an organisational dimension to the discussion of knowledge flows and relatedness. We hypothesise that not only the degree of technological relatedness influence the extent of skill integration in a firm but also that familiarity with firm routines (intra-organisational proximity) should smoothen absorption. Longitudinal micro-data are used in pooled ordinary least square- and fixed effect models to estimate the impact on plant productivity growth of 18,051 labour flows within, and to, four large Swedish firms between 2003 and 2006. Our findings suggest that intra-regional related flows are economically beneficial. Their link to localised capabilities and community creates a weaker but more productive link between individuals than do organisational proximity, which generate too much similarity to allow for cognitively related inflows to impact productivity growth. Also, we find a positive relationship between unrelated flows and plant performance.

  • 1208.
    Östbring, Lisa
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Relatedness through experience: on the importance of collected worker experiences for plant performance2018Ingår i: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 97, nr 3, s. 501-518Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We demonstrate that multiple cognitive dimensions exist between employees in knowledge intensive business services (KIBS) and that these dimensions interact in their influence on plant performance. Knowledge and cognitive distance are measured as formal knowledge and industry experience. Pooled OLS regressions with year, industry, and region-fixed effects are used to estimate the impact on plant performance. The results suggest that the commonly found negative impact of similarity in formal knowledge on plant performance may be reduced by high human capital ratios or high levels of similarity in experience. Moreover, the organizational structures associated with single-plant and multi-plant firms, generate different plant performance outcomes of knowledge variety.

  • 1209.
    Östbring, Lisa
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Labour mobility and plant performance: on the (dis)similarity between labour- and capital-intensive sectors for knowledge diffusion and productivity2013Ingår i: Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography, ISSN 0435-3684, E-ISSN 1468-0467, Vol. 95, nr 4, s. 287-305Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we analyse differences between capital- and labour-intensive sectors with regard to the impact of workforce composition and labour mobility on plant performance. By the use of geo-referenced longitudinal employer–employee data on a micro level, we analyse labour flows between plants within and between labour market regions. The analysis is carried out using weight least square (WLS) regression analysis combined with additional variance analysis (ANOVA). The results show that there are differences between the sectors with regard to both in-house workforce composition and type of skill inflow. A high degree of related knowledge in the in-house workforce has a strong positive effect on plant performance in the labour-intensive sectors. The analysis of labour inflow indicates that knowledge in the capital-intensive sectors is localized – only intra-regional labour flows give rise to increased plant productivity. In the labour-intensive sectors, the geographic and cognitive dimensions complement one another; similar knowledge needs to be non-local in order to be beneficial to plant performance, and unrelated knowledge mainly contributes to plant productivity growth when it is local.

  • 1210.
    Östh, John
    et al.
    Department of Social and Economic Geography, Uppsala University.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Do changes in gdp influence commuting distances?: a study of swedish commuting patterns between 1990 and 20062012Ingår i: Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, ISSN 0040-747X, E-ISSN 1467-9663, Vol. 103, nr 4, s. 443-456Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Several studies have analysed the relationships between individuals' commuting distances and individual characteristics, discrimination, societal structure and planning. Largely left unexplored, however, are the long-term relationships between changes in the economic cycle and the effects on individual commuting distances. Using regression analyses, this study focuses on the relationship between changes in GDP and commuters' response reflected in commuting distances. The empirical data consist of records of almost 12 million Swedish commuting events between 1990 and 2006. Results of the analyses indicate that changes in GDP growth rate have an impact on commuting distances, especially for younger workers, the recently unemployed and commuters in metropolitan areas.

  • 1211.
    Östling, Erik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Lockar tätort mer än landsbygd: En kvantitativ studie över urbaniseringsgradens samband med inflyttningen till Sveriges kommuner2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 1212.
    Östman, Johanna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Förtätning och grönstruktur i en tid av urbanisering: Strategier i kollision?2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 180 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the world is facing major climate changes and science shows the importance of urban green structure in order to handle these changes, it seems to be subordinate in urban planning. For that reason, the aim of this thesis is to illustrate the problems associated with the concepts of densification and green structure in the context of growing cities. 

    By making a case study of Örebro municipality, one of Sweden’s largest cities and one of the fastest growing ones, the purpose is to describe the ongoing process of densification in combination with green structure planning. This is done by identifying the municipality densification strategies and chart their distribution by categorizing newly built residential buildings and relate the result to the intentions. Furthermore, the purpose is to understand how the green structure that is being occupied is being into account and discuss the contemporary process.

    Science shows a gap concerning how green structure strategies are being implemented in strategies of densification. Besides, the national authority for housing, building and planning (Boverket) request an evaluation of what types of priorities that is done during the densification process of the Swedish municipalities. Hence, in order to answer these questions a literature study and a spatial GISanalysis was made. 

    The result shows that Örebro municipality has a strategy that aims to control the densification process by categorize different types of methods. The GIS-analysis displayed a pattern of newly built residential buildings categorized by the types of methods found in the densification strategy. Generally, the outcome seems to follow the intentions of the strategy even though the majority are built on green structure. At the same time the strategies that seeks to compensate the loss of green structure are not fully implemented in the standardized planning process. 

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