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  • 151.
    Krantz, Olle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Store drømmer og harde realiteter: Veibygging og biltrafikk i Norge, 1912–1960 [Big dreams and hard realities: roadbuilding and car traffic in Norway, 1912–1960]2017In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 65, no 1, p. 107-109Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 152.
    Lantto, Patrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Mörkenstam, Ulf
    Från ’lapprivilegier’ till rättigheter som urfolk: Svensk samepolitik och samernas politiska mobilisering2008In: För Sápmi i tiden: Nordiska museets och Skansens årsbok 2008 / [ed] Christina Westergren och Eva Silvén, Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag, 2008, p. 58-84Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 153.
    Lantto, Patrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Mörkenstam, Ulf
    Samerörelsen och offentlig svensk samepolitik2008In: Migration och etnicitet: perspektiv på ett mångkulturellt Sverige / [ed] Mehrdad Darvishpour och Charles Westin, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2008, 1:1, p. 139-174Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 154.
    Lantto, Patrik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Mörkenstam, Ulf
    Sami Rights and Sami Challenges: The modernazition process and the Swedish Sami movement, 1886-20062008In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 26-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article the authors analyse the conflict in contemporary Sami politics in Sweden. To understand this conflict a historical perspective is necessary, and the authors reconstruct the ideas and beliefs in the public debate that has legitimized a system of Sami rights over more than a century, and analyse the challenges to these by the Sami movement. Two parallel themes are discussed: The first deals with the continuity and change of the Swedish Sami policy, where the authors show how ideas and beliefs concerning the Sami have limited the possibilities of political action. The second theme focuses on the political mobilization of the Sami in Sweden and their challenges of the established view of the Sami in official policy. One of the conclusions made is that it is of importance to grant indigenous peoples, like the Sami, some kind of secure political platform from which they could participate in the democratic procedure and legitimately counter-act the power of the nation states in which they live.

  • 155.
    Larsson, Olof
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Naurin, Daniel
    University of Oslo.
    Derlén, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Lindholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Speaking law to power: the strategic use of precedent of the court of justice of the European Union2017In: Comparative Political Studies, ISSN 0010-4140, E-ISSN 1552-3829, Vol. 50, no 7, p. 879-907Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We argue that courts may increase their autonomy and effectiveness by persuading governmental actors, who have powers over the societal impact of judicial decisions, of the legal quality of their rulings. This view combines a strategic perspective on judicial decision making with a conception of persuasion that allows courts to widen their zone of discretion. We support our argument with data from the European Union, where we find that the Court of Justice improves its legal justifications—by embedding its decisions in case law—when it faces a more adverse political environment. Our findings suggest both that the limits of judicial independence are set largely by political preferences, and that legal rhetoric may be an opportunity for courts to extend their room for maneuver. They also indicate that political audiences may indirectly influence the development of case law, by triggering courts to engage in precedent. 

  • 156.
    Larue, Thomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Agents in Brussels: Delegation and democracy in the European Union2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation explores delegation and democracy within the European Union (EU). The EU now constitutes one of the cornerstones of the democratic systems of its member states. The most vital instrument of democracy is lawmaking, which increasingly occurs at the European level. Many different actors contribute to the shaping of EU legislation. Among the most important of these are national bureaucrats representing their member states in Council negotiations. This thesis focuses on these bureaucrats. In particular it analyzes the delegation and accountability relationship between member states’ governments and their national bureaucrats stationed at the permanent representations (PRs) in Brussels. It is based on semi-structured elite interviews with 80 French and Swedish senior civil servants in Brussels, Paris and Stockholm.

    Using an explorative and descriptive comparative case study of two EU member states, France and Sweden, the dissertation seeks to describe and analyse how delegation between member states’ capitals and Brussels are affected by: i) the coordination and preparation of EU issues in member states’ government offices, ii) the organisation and functioning of the permanent representations, and, most importantly, iii) existing accountability mechanisms. Applying a principal-agent approach, this study shows that the delegation between governments and their Brussels-based bureaucrats is adequate, despite relatively weak delegation and accountability designs. The study identifies institutional divergence between France and Sweden as regards the design of national systems of EU delegation, particularly monitoring and reporting requirements, where Sweden seems to have a more developed system. Both countries have similar contract design and screening and selection systems for employing national agents stationed at the PRs. The impact of domestic coordination of EU affairs is important in order to understand processes of both preference formation precedent to delegation and of preference transfer through instructions. In this case it is obvious that French coordination is more efficient. The functions of the permanent representation also influence delegation between national and European levels. For example, administrative procedures in the PRs in Brussels have had effects on the drafting of instructions, something that is particularly notable in the Swedish case.

    The study identifies several central problems as regards delegation between bureaucrats in Brussels and governments in member states’ capitals. The first problem has to do with the ongoing blurring of political and bureaucratic dimensions. This inhibits the ability of principals (in our case member state governments) to hold their agents (Brussels-based bureaucrats) accountable. The second problem identified by this study as regards the working of democracy is the distinction between formal and informal processes. One conclusion is that informal processes should be formalised or made more transparent. Opacity in lawmaking processes has detrimental effects on long-term legitimacy of democratic systems. Holding de facto lawmaking bureaucrats, caught in a cross-pressure between national demands and European ambitions, accountable is essential for democracy. The dissertation includes practical suggestions as to how to improve delegation, and argues that additional research on both the roles and power of bureaucrats as well as issues of cross-pressure is necessary.

  • 157.
    Larue, Thomas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Hellström, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Political parties and the council of ministers: testing the left/right cleavage hypothesis in EU legislative politics2007In: Swedish Network for European Studies in Political Science Annual meeting, 15-16 Mars, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While the Council has for a long time been regarded as an organization where intergovernmental forces clashes, the activity of national political parties within the Council has been largely understudied. This lack of research motivates a renewed approach if we are to gain a deeper insight into European legislative politics. In this paper we present the methodology and analytical basis for a new Council database which in the long run might be used in inter-institutional analysis of European legislation. This database is unlike previous research not linked to voting behavior (e.g. Hagemann 2006, Mattila 2004) but to political left-right preferences as indicated by party manifesto data. In the paper we argue that one complementary approach to understanding European legislative politics is to engage into broader and longitudinal inter-institutional analyses which also include possibilities of factoring in intra-institutional variables and variations. In this paper we present an explorative investigation determining the influence of the left/right dimension on some institutional aspects of legislative behavior between the Council and the EP.

  • 158.
    Lauri, Marcus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Vad är problemet med Husby?2016In: Bortom kravallerna: konflikt, tillhörighet och representation i Husby / [ed] Paulina de los Reyes och Magnus Hörnqvist, Stockholm: Stockholmia förlag, 2016, p. 103-133Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 159.
    Ledman, Anna-Lill
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Brännlund, Isabelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Löf, Annette
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Sandström, Moa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Sehlin Macneil, Kristina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Åsa, Össbo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Lantto, Patrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Vänd på perspektiven Umeå20142013In: Västerbottens Kuriren, ISSN 1104-0246Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 160.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Bishop, Kevin
    Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment, The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Eklöf, Karin
    Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment, The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ring, Eva
    The Forestry Research Institute of Sweden (Skogforsk), Uppsala Science Park, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Åkerblom, Staffan
    Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment, The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    From wicked problem to governable entity?: The effects of forestry on mercury in aquatic ecosystems2018In: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 90, p. 90-96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In all Swedish lakes, the concentration of mercury (Hg) in fish exceeds the European Union threshold limit. While the ultimate source of Hg is primarily airborne emissions from fossil energy, forestry plays a small but important role because some forestry operations help mobilize and transform Hg, increasing Hg loads in downstream aquatic ecosystems. Simultaneously, climate change is placing additional demands on forests to provide biomass as a substitute for fossil fuel. Thus, decision-makers are facing a complex situation, a “wicked problem,” when it comes to how to handle the problem of forestry’s effects on Hg in aquatic ecosystems while at the same time securing other ecosystem services. In order to explore forestry’s degree of responsibility as well as possible solutions to this problem in Sweden, a transdisciplinary method has been used consisting of a structured dialogue with actors from relevant governmental agencies, forest companies, and forest associations. The analysis shows that while the issue can be addressed constructively, the complex character of the problem requires consideration of not only management practices for forestry but also current regulatory goals and environmental objectives. The Hg problem represents a class of difficult issues for forestry where stand- or property-based production has an impact on a greater spatial scale. This means that regulating the more direct impacts of forestry needs to be weighed against the implications this regulation may have on the overall issue of ecosystem services.

  • 161.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Between localism and city-regionalism: Patterns of citizens’ attitudes in two Swedish city-regions2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 162.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Citizens in City-Regions: Political Orientations Across Municipal Borders2013In: Urban Affairs Review, ISSN 1078-0874, E-ISSN 1552-8332, Vol. 49, no 2, p. 282-306Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Establishing democratic governance in city-regions would be facilitated if citizens had a political orientation that exceeded the borders of their own municipalities. Using citizen surveys in two Swedish city-regions, the article analyzes the occurrence of different forms of intermunicipal activism and then evaluates explanations for the observed variation. While traditional theories of public participation are shown to have some explanatory power, the integration of citizens into the city-region and their place of residence also turn out to be important. Furthermore, different forms of activism are explained by different patterns of explanations, suggesting that the complexity of the intermunicipal dimension of political participation must be taken into account when developing forms of city-regional governance.

  • 163.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Europas regioner2008In: Regioner i Europa / [ed] Pontus Tallberg, Kristianstad: Region Skåne , 2008, p. 49-67Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 164.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Folkvalda i regioner och landsting: Några resultat från en enkätundersökning2013Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 165.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Globalization and the Citizen: The Localization of Territorial Identity2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 166.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Introduction: Subnational government2016In: The Oxford handbook of Swedish politics / [ed] Jon Pierre, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016, 1, p. 365-366Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 167.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Local contexts for democracy and economic development: connecting political trust and the local business climate2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A re-analysis of three Swedish studies of political trust at local level shows that the extent to which citizens trust the system of democracy in municipalities correlates strongly with how the employers in that area assess the state of the local business climate. This article deals with the question of how this can be understood. Three sets of underlying explanations are tested – social capital theory, a theory of local well-being and political-institutional conditions. The empirical analysis shows that only the theory of local well-being can consistently explain why political trust and a flourishing local business climate occur in concert.

    The study emphasizes the need to expand research on political trust to also take into account the role played by the business climate. This has been completely ignored in previous research on political trust. The findings are also directly relevant for local policy-making. There is no trade-off between attempts to improve a trusting relationship between electors and elected, on the one hand, and policies aiming at creating a better business climate, on the other. On the contrary, these may reinforce each other. In order to capture the specific mechanisms at work, case studies are suggested as the next step of research.

  • 168.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Local Government Associations in the World: A Research Proposal2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 169.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Local government associations worldwide: Promoting democratic local governance2013In: Democratic Local Governance: Reforms & Innovations in Asia / [ed] G. Shabbir Sheema, Tokyo: United Nations University Press, 2013, p. 73-88Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 170.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Multi-Level Governance: the Case of Umeå2004Report (Other academic)
  • 171.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Prospects for a European Municipal Data Archive (EMDA)2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report summarizes a review of the availability of comparable municipal level data on local politics and administration in 29 European countries (the EU member countries excluding Bulgaria, Cyprus, Luxemburg and Malta but including Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, Turkey and also Israel). The information was collected through a survey of experts, mainly members of the Cost Action Project on Local Public Sector Reforms (IS1207) that was carried out 2013-2017. The report shows that data availability varies between the different countries. However, with some work it would be possible to establish, for the first time, a database, covering 18-20 countries and with selected data on local political, administrative and socio-economic conditions for a specific year. A second, and more ambitious stage, which may require recoding and processing of data, would make it possible to add further years, countries and variables.

  • 172.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Public Authorities and Intermunicipal Cooperation in a European Context2017In: Urban Affairs Review, ISSN 1078-0874, E-ISSN 1552-8332, Vol. 52, no 2, p. 403-409Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although not entirely clear with regard to definitions and delimitations, the article by Savitch and Adhikari opens up for a comparative research agenda of considerable importance for better understanding the preconditions for how the metropolis can be governed. Their suggestion that public authorities are important for solving collective problems in the metropolitan areas is also relevant in a European context. There is already a tradition in Europe to establish cooperative arrangements between metropolitan local governments for tasks that requires a larger territorial scale, but Savitch and Adhikari direct our attention to private law arrangements, i.e. inter-municipal corporations. Also in Europe, these have become increasingly common, which may be understood in the light of the increasing marketization of local government. Although lacking in democratic legitimacy, they provide more flexibility and may also include private businesses in their governing body. However, knowledge about their occurrence and functions is limited, which calls for further, systematic and comparative research. In particular, it should be investigated whether they, as in the US, are more common in the metropolitan areas with the strongest resources.

  • 173.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Representation och demokrati2016In: Vad är en bra politiker 2030 / [ed] Tomas Marklund, Skellefteå: Skellefteå kommun , 2016, p. 9-17Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 174.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Socialdemokraternas tillbakagång 1973-2014: strukturella förklaringar och regionala variationer2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Socialdemokraterna har tappat en tredjedel av väljarstödet under de senaste 40 åren. På basis av analyser av riksdagsresultat på kommunnivå under 1973-2014 konstateras att 75 procent av nedgången kan förklaras av en förändrad samhällsstruktur. Återstoden avspeglar stora regionala skillnader. Socialdemokraterna har gjort klart bättre resultat än vad strukturfaktorerna kan förklara i bl.a. Norra Norrlands kustland, Värmland och Skaraborg, men sämre ifrån sig än förväntat i bl.a. Södra Norrland, Bergslagen, Storstockholm och Skåne.

  • 175.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Socialt kapital i Norrland2009In: Kan norra Sverige regionaliserad?: Beslutsprocesser och medborgarperspektiv / [ed] Anders Lidström, Umeå: Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Umeå universitet , 2009, 2000, p. 103-113Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 176.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sweden: Party-dominated subnational democracy under challenge?2012In: The Oxford Handbook of Local and Regional Democracy in Europe / [ed] John Loughlin, Frank Hendriks & Anders Lidström, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012, p. 261-281Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 177.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sweden: Party-dominated subnational democracy under challenge?2011In: The Oxford Handbook of Local and Regional Democracy in Europe / [ed] John Loughlin, Frank Hendriks & Anders Lidström, Oxford: Oxford University Press , 2011, p. 261-281Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 178.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Swedish local and regional government in a European context2016In: The Oxford handbook of Swedish politics / [ed] Jon Pierre, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016, p. 414-428Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 179.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Territorial political orientations in Swedish city-regions2018In: Journal of Urban Affairs, ISSN 0735-2166, E-ISSN 1467-9906, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 31-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is concerned with local political orientations of citizens living in city-regions. Initially, a typology is developed in which three orientations are identified — metropolitan, intermunicipal, and municipal. This is followed by an empirical analysis of the occurrence of intermunicipal and municipal political orientations in two Swedish city-regions and how they vary. The analysis shows that the variation to a large extent can be explained by a combination of civic voluntarism, territorial identity, and city-regional integration. In addition, intermunicipal orientations turn out to be most common among suburban dwellers in large city-regions. The results of the study are significant for our understanding of citizenship in city-regions, as well as policy implications because they emphasize the need to develop democratic measures that make it possible for citizens to exert influence over collective matters in the city-region as a whole.

  • 180.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The equal metropolis? Can social policies counteract diversity in Swedish metropolitan settings?2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 181.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The equal metropolis?: Can social policies counteract diversity in Swedish metropolitan settings?2017In: Inequality and governance in the metropolis: place equality regimes and fiscal choices in eleven counties / [ed] Jefferey M Sellers, Marta Arretche, Daniel Kübler & Eran Razin, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, p. 237-252Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 182.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The limits of rational choice: Localism and city-regionalism in two Swedish city-regions2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 183.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The Swedish regions and the European Union2010In: Europe, Regions and European Regionalism / [ed] Roger Scully & Richard Wyn Jones, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010, p. 155-171Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 184.
    Lidström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Bostedt, Göran
    Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap, Mittuniversitetet.
    Kommunerna och medborgarna2009In: Kan norra Sverige regionaliseras?: Beslutsprocesser och medborgarperspektiv / [ed] Anders Lidström, Umeå: Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Umeå , 2009, 2000, p. 153-162Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 185.
    Lidström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Eriksson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    How legitimate are Swedish municipalities?2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 186.
    Lidström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ersson, Svante
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Det nationella metodinternatet för doktorander i statsvetenskap2010In: Kontraster och nyanser: Svensk statsvetenskap i brytningstid / [ed] Magnus Jerneck & Björn Badersten, Lund: Statsvetenskaplig tidskrift , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 187.
    Lidström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Katarina, Roos
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    County councils in a multi-level position: formal powers and assumed autonomy2016In: Policy Making at the Second Tier of Local Government in Europe: what is happening in provinces, counties, départements and landkreise in the on-going rescaling of statehood? / [ed] Xavier Bertrana, Björn Egner, Hubert Heinelt, Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2016, p. 17-32Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 188.
    Lidström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Madell, Tom
    Court of Appeal for Northern Norrland.
    Adjusting to international standards: has Sweden learned from the European Charter of Local Self-Government?2018In: Lex Localis, ISSN 1581-5374, E-ISSN 1855-363X, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 951-969Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Following Swedish ratification of the European Charter of Local Self-Government in 1989, a number of further reforms of Sweden’s system of local government have taken place. Based on premises derived from institutional theory, this article examines the extent to which these reforms can be seen as further adjustments to the Charter. Analyses of monitoring reports and policy documents indicate that the reforms are largely inspired by the Charter but that some key features of the Swedish legal system, such as the lack of a significant judicial remedy, remain unaffected despite the demands of the Charter.

  • 189.
    Lidström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Schaap, Linze
    Department for Politics and Public Administration, Tilburg University, The Netherlands.
    The citizen in city-regions: patterns and variations2018In: Journal of Urban Affairs, ISSN 0735-2166, E-ISSN 1467-9906, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the growth of city-regions, the local citizenship may increasingly become city-regional rather than municipal. This article provides a meta-analysis of the current state of knowledge with regard to general patterns of city-regionalism; that is, citizens' orientations toward political matters in the city-region, beyond one's own municipality. The theoretical framework draws from theories of participation, citizen integration, and democratic scale. The analysis is based on 12 publications, making use of the 8 surveys from 7 countries that have been carried out in the Western world since 2000. The analysis provide support for the theoretical assumptions, but because the data are not directly comparable, conclusions are formulated as hypotheses: It is suggested that city-regionalism is stronger in larger and fragmented city-regions. Further, those living in the suurban municipalities hold stronger intermunicipal interests, attitudes, and identities but those in the core city are more in favor of redistributive regional reform. Finally, city-regionalism is stronger among those who are mobile in the city-region, are better educated, have a general interest in politics, and belong to the political left. The findings have implications for how democratic participation and governance may be organized in city-regions. Further and internationally coordinated studies are required.

  • 190.
    Lidström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Schaap, LinzeDepartment for Politics and Public Administration, Tilburg University, The Netherlands.
    The Citizens in City-Regions2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 191.
    Lidström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sellers, Jefferey M.
    University of Southern California, Los Angeles.
    Governance and Redistribution in Metropolitan Areas: A Swedish-US Comparison2011In: The role of regions?: Networks, scale, territory, Kristianstad: Region Skåne , 2011, p. 169-193Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 192.
    Lidström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Syssner, Josefina
    Linköpings universitet.
    Storstadens och landsbygdens utmaningar2017In: Att äga framtiden: Perspektiv på kommunal utveckling / [ed] Josefina Syssner, Sören Häggroth & Ulf Ramberg, Centrum för kommunstrategiska studier vid Linköpings universitet , 2017, p. 57-64Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 193.
    Liliequist, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Du skall hedra din fader och din moder på det att det må gå dig väl - konflikter mellan generationerna i 1700-talets Sverige och Finland2012In: Människan, arbetet och historien: en vänbok till professor Tom Ericsson / [ed] Anders Brändström & Svante Norrhem, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2012, p. 227-245Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Coming to age marks the end of childhood, but not of being someone’s son or daughter. This was especially true in a Lutheran patriarchal society like early modern Sweden, where the fourth commandment – “honour thy father and thy mother” – was also incorporated into secular law and “fatherhood” was the main metaphor for all authority, religious and secular alike. According to this ideology, a father’s rule over his household represented the most elementary and basic order of society. This was however not always a simple matter. A household among the landed farmers in most parts of Sweden and Finland typically included a husband, wife and minor children, and often as not, paternal or maternal grandparents as well. Regardless of whether the grandparents were retired or still working and in head of the household, the adult son or daughter and his or her spouse were expected to pay the elder generation due respect. The aim of this article is to discuss how the complexity of paternal authority which was thought to be the very foundation of social order, contributed to situations of ambivalent emotions and conflicts. 

  • 194. Liljeqvist, Nina
    et al.
    Blomgren, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Riksdagspartierna och EU: en svag demokratisk länk2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna analys granskas de svenska riksdagspartiernas förmåga att skapa en folklig förankring för den förda EU-politiken. För detta syfte kartläggs först EG-/EU-rättens betydelse i svensk lagstiftning. Utvecklingen över tid såväl som över politikområden jämförs. Förekomsten av EG-/EU-regler i svensk lagstiftning ökar tydligt från och med början på 1990-talet, och skillnaderna mellan olika politikområden är dessutom stora och växande. Vissa områden, såsom jordbruk, miljö och handelsfrågor, har blivit starkt påverkade av EG-/EU-rätten, medan exempelvis kultur och skola inte har det. Detta bör påverka hur partierna arbetar med olika områden i och utanför riksdagen. Därefter undersöks i vad mån riksdagspartierna i sina nationella valmanifest lyfter fram frågor som relaterar till EU. EU-dimensionen börjar nämnas i allt högre utsträckning i samband med folkomröstningen om svenskt EU-medlemskap 1994, men därefter tillägnas EU allt mindre utrymme. Avslutningsvis studeras EU:s påverkan på den interna partipolitiska arenan. Även på denna punkt förblir partier tämligen passiva inför den politiska verklighet som EU-medlemskapet bjuder. Den sammantagna analysen pekar således på att partierna i flera avseenden brister i sin grundläggande funktion att utgöra en länk mellan medborgaren och de politiska beslutsfattarna. Slutligen framhålls några åtgärder som skulle kunna förbättra denna situation

  • 195. Lindahl, Karin Beland
    et al.
    Baker, Susan
    Rist, Lucy
    Zachrisson, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Theorising pathways to sustainability2016In: International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology, ISSN 1350-4509, E-ISSN 1745-2627, Vol. 23, no 5, p. 399-411Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a Pathways approach, controversies over environmental and natural resource management are viewed as expressions of alternative, or competing, pathways to sustainability. This supports deeper understanding of the underlying causes of natural resource management controversies. The framework is composed of two elements: the STEPS (Social, Technological, and Environmental Pathways to Sustainability) Pathways approach and frame analysis. Many sustainable development dilemmas are played out in specific places and consequently, the Pathways approach is integrated with a place-based frame analysis. The resulting framework guides empirical investigation in place-based contexts. This theorising about sustainability science can be used to cast light on contested natural resource management issues, in this case mining in northern Sweden. By exposing the range of alternative Pathways to critical norms of sustainable development, we ascertain whether action alternatives are compatible with sustainable futures. The framework provides a way in which sustainability science can better understand the origins of natural resource management conflicts, characterise the positions of the actors involved, identify the potential for cooperation between stakeholders leading to policy resolution and judge what Pathways help or hinder the pursuit of sustainable development. In addition, it can enhance sustainability science by guiding integrative sustainability research at the project scale.

  • 196.
    Lindberg, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Samverkan för ett civilt försvar: En fallstudie av civil-militär samverkan inom Militärregion syd2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats är en fallstudie som undersöker samverkan för civilt försvar inom typfallet Militärregion syd (MR S). Uppsatsen bygger på semi-strukturerade intervjuer med fem länsstyrelser inom i MR S samt med två representanter från MR S. Materialet har kategoriserats utifrån en analysmodell skapad utifrån Emerson et als teoretiska ramverk Collaborative Governance. Ramverket lyfter fram viktiga förutsättningar för samverkan och visar på beroenden mellan dessa förutsättningar. Förutsättningar används för att kategorisera och jämföra svaren från länsstyrelserna och MR S samt för att undersöka hur väl dessa förutsättningar uppfylls och om de har samma syn på förutsättningarna. Utifrån detta går att konstatera att det råder till stor del samsyn mellan länsstyrelserna och MR S vilket ses som en god möjlighet för samverkan. Andra viktiga möjligheter för samverkan är att det finns ett ömsesidigt beroende mellan länsstyrelserna och MR S, det förändrade säkerhetspolitiska läget ökar motivationen för samverkan gällande civilt försvar samt att det finns en vilja att använda kunskap förvärvad från samverkan för civilt försvar inom andra samverkansområden. De största bristerna anses vara den omgivande kontexten där arbetet med civilt försvar försvåras av att det saknas styrning och direktiv från central nivå samt att det inte tilldelats resurser för arbetet. Det saknas incitament för privata aktörer att ingå samverkan för civilt försvar och lagar behöver moderniseras då de till stor del härrör från tiden med det gamla civilförsvaret. På regional nivå behöver ett gemensamt syfte utarbetas, kunskap om lagstiftningen behöver utökas samt att det behöver klargöras vilka mandat som gäller och vem som har rätt att besluta om vad. Utifrån resultatet från intervjuerna finns det kritik mot modellen vilken beskriver beroendet och förhållandena mellan kategorierna, då det i detta fall inte förefaller vara helt korrekt.

  • 197.
    Lindqvist, Sara
    et al.
    SLU.
    Camilla, Sandström
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Kvastegård, Emma
    SLU.
    The changing role of hunting in Sweden: From subsistence to ecosystem stewardship?2014In: Alces, ISSN 0835-5851, Vol. 50, p. 35-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although hunting served traditionally to supply game meat, and that is still important in Sweden, recreation is the most common reason for hunting moose (Alces alces) today. Hunting also serves an important management purpose in regulating moose populations to control crop and forest damage. This study used semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders and officials involved in the recently implemented ecosystem-based, adaptive local moose management system where hunters and landowners become environmental stewards responsible for managing moose in context with forest damage, vehicular collisions, large carnivores, and biodiversity. Our study found that participation and collaboration in reaching management objectives was perceived as positive by stakeholders, although their stewardship is jeopardized if specific management responsibilities are not clarified regarding monitoring. Further, it is important to find long-term funding solutions for monitoring activities that are critical for adequate data collection and to support the stakeholder role as steward. The importance of monitoring must be communicated to individual hunters and landowners to achieve an ecosystem-based moose management system that effectively incorporates both social and ecological values.

  • 198.
    Lindvall, Nina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Den europeiska identiteten: Komparativ studie mellan kommissionsordförande Barrosos syn på Europeisk identitet och EG/EU:s tidigare officiella hållning2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What is the European Union (EU) and which countries should be part of it in the future? These questions became topical during the first part of the 21st century when political and geographical changes hasten the need to decide the nature of the European cooperation. In the European Constitution, that never come into force, the European values that a key role but was taken away in the succeeding Lisbon Treaty. Nevertheless EU continues to expand, recently to the East and non-European countries asTurkey are now on the “waiting-list”. What is then the European Identity in the changedEurope of today?

     

    The President of the Commission has during the years had great influence on EU's view upon the European identity. For example, Jacques Delors was prominent in urging for European togetherness over national borders. Still, the current president, José Manuel Barroso, has new political and geographical situations to consider. That raises the question whether this new era might have an impact upon the president’s view of the European identity.

     

    How to relate to the European identity is something that the sociologist Gerard Delanty investigates. Foremost is his focus upon the historical rise of “Europe” and in addition the European identity effect European immigrants. Delanty has also created four models for European identity of “thick” and “thin” categories. The models systematize different views upon the European identity.

     

    This essay investigates how these models can be used as an instrument to categorize the different views upon the European identity that has been used by official sources within EU in the past, and compare these to the view which is expressed by Barroso today. The result is that Barroso’s view upon the European identity correlates to a great extent with the view of the 1950’s and 1960’s. That is, that the European identity should be based upon moral values as democracy and human rights. In contrast, the view in the 1980’s and beginning and 1990’s was a greater focus upon similarities in ancient history and multi-cultureEurope. In this way, Barroso’s view is similar to the early EU, however, not to the more recent opinions about European culture.

  • 199.
    Loughlin, John
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Hendriks, Frank
    University of Tilburg.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Introduction: Subnational democracy in Europe: changing backgrounds and theoretical models2012In: The Oxford handbook of local and regional democracy in Europe / [ed] John Loughlin, Frank Hendriks & Anders Lidström, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012, 1st paperback, p. 1-23Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 200.
    Loughlin, John
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Hendriks, FrankUniversity of Tilburg.Lidström, AndersUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The Oxford handbook of local and regional democracy2011Collection (editor) (Refereed)
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