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  • 151.
    Bomark, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Hållbarhet, IT och organisatoriskt lärande: En fallstudie om digitala kommunikationsverktyg i förändringsprocesser2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study of the natural environment and the acknowledged effects of the global warming has come to affect other disciplines including the field of IS research. A sustainable future cannot afford the continuing of our unsustainable behaviors. The organization and the behaviors of its employees are reproducers of the unsustainable society and with this knowledge comes responsibility. A growing interest to be a part of the sustainable development has thus influenced the organizations way of manufacturing goods and transform processes with the motive of making them more efficient and “greener”. This leads to the growing interest of the opportunity of implementing IS as a contributing factor of the transformations process. This essay studies the digital tool for communication and its’ promoting influence on the transformation process toward a sustainable IT-consulting business. The study acknowledges social contextual factors and organization structures that may challenge the effectiveness of the digital tool. The empirical findings are viewed through the lens of organizational learning and thus contribute to the field of IS research with a new perspective on the impact of IT in the transformations process.

  • 152.
    Bomark, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    RESHAPING PUBLIC SECTOR HEALTHCARE: Creating conditions for digital transformation2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The public sector healthcare system is facing challenges of demographical changes. The solution of digitalization is expected to decrease costs and increase efficiency. Digitalization is the collective concept of differing and interrelated phenomena which are rearranging traditional market conditions and causing a turbulent and competitive environment. In response to these impacts, organizations seek organizational change through digital transformation. IS researchers has contributed with limited findings of digital transformation within the public sector healthcare. This thesis investigates organizational response towards digitalization and conditions of digital transformation through a case study within public sector healthcare in Sweden. The study successfully identifies external tensions of digitalization which underlie the reorganization and internal tensions which motivates progress towards digital transformation.

  • 153. Borg, Alexandra
    et al.
    Snickars, Pelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Bokmediets omvandling: en lägesrapport2016In: Human IT, ISSN 1402-1501, E-ISSN 1402-151X, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 1-23Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapport från ett nyligen avslutat forsknings- och samtalsprojekt: "Kod[ex]. Bokmediets omvandling".

  • 154.
    Borg, Yasmine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Lidén, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Den dolda kraften: En kvalitativ studie av redigerares implicita kunskaper2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many people today have no idea that film editing is more than simply putting scenes together. Previous research also reveals very limited information about the editors line of thinking, the creative decision making, intuition and how they reflect upon their own profession. The purpose of this essay is to explore the film editors meaningful role in productions of moving image. We look at editors competence and characteristics and try to break down the hidden, magical touch they contribute with in an attempt to uncover the implicit and tacit knowledge they carry. Further we investigate what the differences between branches in the industry means for the editors. Six semistructured interviews were conducted with editors in the fields of television, motion picture and commercials. The findings indicate that the key elements of editing is creating narrative clarity and dramatic emphasis. Editing is also closely intertwined with music since it has similarities both in creation process and shape. The result shows that editors have profound understanding of film theory but use it only subconsciously. Instead intuition and experience-derived knowledge replaces theory. The result was applied on theories of intuition and experience after an empirical analysis in the hope of explaining what is demanded by the editor and how they develop their competence. Our study also highlight the need for more research in the field of editing.

  • 155.
    Borgström, Kajsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Kunskap i det kreativa ordets tjänst: En studie i skönlitterära författares informationsbeteende2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: There is very little research about fiction writers’ information behaviours. The aim of this paper is to explore this in an empirical study. It also aims to add understanding of how novelists’ information behaviour relates to their creative writing process.Approach: The exploratory study presents findings based on qualitative data from interviews with six professional novelists.Findings: The study found that the novelists have a wide and deep information need in their creative writing, and seek a large amount of information in their research. Seeking information appears also to be an important part of their creative process. The novelists in the study, like other artistic workers, take advantage of the internet and library, museum, and archive services in their information-seeking. They also practice some largely unique methods, namely visiting environments and interviewing people. The information novelists seek are of both objective and subjective nature.Research limitations: This is a relatively new professional group to study within information behaviour research, and the small sample prevents a conclusive analysis. Further quantitative and qualitative research would enhance and confirm the findings of this paper.

  • 156.
    Borgström, Thomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Sociala medier och den personliga integriteten: En studie av studenters syn på nätet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media has revolutionized how people communicate with eachother. It’s been used by a lot of people in the world and people sharing everything from pictures, videos and information. Personal information has become the new economic value, where authorities and companies can sell it to third party. The aim of the study has focused on how students perceive their own use with regard to privacy on social media and what they feel about privacy settings. To answer these questions data collection has been conducted through qualitative interviews where the participants explain how they use social media. The intreviews has been developed by three themes in this study and are presented as, thoughts on their own use, their relations to privacy settings and sharing standards. Furthermore the interviews has been analyzed and discussed. Accordingly to some of the students, they are aware when sharing personal information on social media, but they do not understand the consequences by sharing that information.

    More importantly some of the participants are not aware of the privacy settings, its purpose or its function. With or without the privacy settings, information can still be collected. This is something the students does not seem to be aware of or concerned about. Furthermore students are both aware and unaware of the information they share, while claiming it is up to each individual to decide what is okay to post on social media and that they are concered about relinquish information. 

  • 157.
    Boschek, Lillemor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    ”Det sitter bara i huvudet”: - instrumentallärares behov och beteende gällande musikmaterial i sin undervisning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien undersöker vilka musikrelaterade informationsmaterial som instrumentallärare inom den kommunala musikskolan använder sig av i sin undervisning, var och hur de hittar detta material samt vilka situationer som leder till att de söker efter material.

    Data samlades in genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med fem instrumentallärare.

    Resultatet visar att informanterna främst använder sig av noter, spelböcker, sångtexter, ljudfiler och det egna gehöret. De kriterier som ofta efterfrågas för materialet är att det har rätt svårighetsnivå, innebär en viss teknisk utmaning, omfattar en viss genre, artist eller typ av melodi, att det liknar något som eleven spelat tidigare, att det fungerar för en viss instrumentuppsättning samt att det är "roligt och bra". Materialet hittar de på den egna arbetsplatsen, på internet samt via gehör.

    Strategier för att hitta material är förmågan att transponera låtar efter gehör, den egna erfarenheten och kunskapen om låtar, tips från kollegor och forum för musiklärare samt "browsing" (planlöst sökande).

    Behov av material uppstår i huvudsak då eleven är i behov av viss teknikutveckling, vid önskemål från elever samt vid tristess.

    Studien bekräftar tidigare forskning om komplexiteten i musikmaterial och visar även att denna komplexitet kräver en stor domänkunskap hos instrumentallärarna samt att kollegialt utbyte, trots internets intåg, ännu är av stor vikt.

  • 158.
    Boström, Erik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Öredal, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Användargenererad livestreaming, nätgemenskaper & social interaktion: En kvalitativ undersökning gällande interaktion mellan tittare och streamare på plattformen Twitch2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The popularity of video games has been boosted by the rise of user-generated live streaming platforms, and the biggest of them all is Twitch. The popularity depends on Twitch alignment of live streamed video games. The stream is created by a player who broadcast and streams the video game online. The video game can then be watched by a viewer that is interested in the video game. In every stream there is an implemented live chat that allows the viewer to interact with the streamer while the stream is online. Because of this new type of interaction within live streaming, community’s starts to form around the streamer which connects people with the same interests. Because of the increasing popularity on Twitch and user-generated live streaming we have recognized a problem to maintain the social interaction between the users within a streams community. A qualitative study has been applied to analyze both the viewer and streamers perspective on the importance of social interaction on Twitch, as well as the effect that growing communities has on the social interaction.

  • 159.
    Boström, Janni
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    A non smoking generation i sociala medier: En semiotisk analys av hur en anti-tobakstiftelse skapar opinion bland ungdomar2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Title: ”A non smoking generation in social media – a semiotic analysis of how a anti-tobacco organisation strive for opinionmaking among youths”A non smoking generation is a swedish organisation that was founded 1979, with a purpose to the create a fashion in being ”a non smoker” among youths. In their launching campaigns they became well known for using popular swedish sportathletes and musicians of that time. Since then they have created severeal more strategies for creating a non smoking generation. The purpose of this study was to investigate how a anti-tobacco organisation like A non smoking generation tries to prevent adolecents from using tobacco in their campaigns on social media platforms like Twitter and Facebook. The theory that laid the foundation of the study was the process for how to create a community campaign with the purpose to make health commuication. Theories related to opinionmaking like framing, push and pull, viral spin, and health communication through social media were also used to answer the purpose. This study consists of three issues: How does A non smoking generation use sociala media in their opinion making? With what strategies do they strive to create opinion making? How important is a persons background for understanding the campaigns message?The methods that were used in this study was semiotic analysis in combination with a analysis with the chosen theories. The material in this study is solely digital pictures from two of the organisations campaigns launched in 2012.The results of this study analysis showed that A non smoking generation are using both humor and terror in their aim to create opinion. They are also using well known references from popular culture to get peoples attention.  Social media is used as a tool in hoping to create a viral spin.

    Keywords: A non smoking generation, opinionmaking, health communication, semiotic analysis, social media, framing, push and pull

  • 160.
    Brander, Victoria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Skadar gerillamarknadsföring förtroendet till PR-branschen?: En kvalitativ studie om allmänhetens attityder till gerillamarkndasföring utifrån Lidls kampanj DILL2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Public relations is an important factor in an organisation's survival, it is essential in order to create and maintain excellent relationships with the public. Within an ever changing business environment, PR becomes increasingly important as the range of products and services in the market continues to grow and diversify. As the market grows, we see new marketing methods emerge to engage consumers at new levels. In 2013 the supermarket, Lidl, created a campaign built on guerrilla marketing. Lidl opened a luxury restaurant, hired a high profile chef and offered a very exclusive menu to its customers at a significantly cheaper price. As part of Lidl's campaign they then, three weeks later, facilitated by a TV commercial, revealed that all the food served in the restaurant came from Lidl.

    The purpose of this study was to find out what the public opinion is in regards to guerrilla marketing based on the Lidl example. The study will also seek to highlight whether guerrilla marketing is of detriment to the public's trust of the PR industry as it does not always use methods which are deemed ethically correct. To carry out this study a qualitative method was chosen. Four focus group interviews, followed by a structured interview guide which consisted of a total of 16 volunteer participants. The focus groups were divided by the participant’s ages as the study also sought to examine whether there were differences and/or similarities between the generations attitude towards guerrilla marketing. 

    The results of this study indicate that the respondents are in favour of guerrilla marketing because they think it is a fun and creative way for companies to market themselves. Despite the fact that Lidl’s campaign was built upon a lie, the respondents believe that the campaign is still ethically acceptable as its consequences do not hurt anyone. The respondents were in agreement that guerrilla marketing is not damaging to the credibility of the PR industry in the current situation. However, if companies frequently use guerrilla marketing as a method of marketing in the future, it could potentially damage the trust in the same way that the public has lost their trust in traditional advertising.

    The conclusion of this study is that guerrilla marketing is a good method of marketing that generates instant attention of their target audience, however to create more sustainable relationships this method should be a part of a longer strategy.

  • 161.
    Bratteteig, Tone
    et al.
    Design av informasjonssystemer, Universitet i Oslo.
    Wagner, Ina
    Institut für Gestaltungs- und Wirkungsforschung ,Technische Universität Wien.
    Morrison, Andrew
    Intermedia, Universitetet i Oslo.
    Stuedahl, Dagny
    Institutt for medier og kommunikasjon, Universitetet i Oslo.
    Mörtberg, Christina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics. Design av informasjonssystemer, Universitet i Oslo.
    Research practices in digital design2010In: Exploring digital design: multi-disciplinary design practices / [ed] Wagner, Ina, Bratteteig, Tone, Stuedahl, Dagny, London: Springer London, 2010, p. 17-54Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the twenty-first century, we are literally surrounded by digital things and things that turn out to be digital – or have some digital parts or are parts of a larger system in which there are digital elements. We carry around mobile phones and watches; many also have additional music players, PDAs or PCs. We live in houses filled with digital networks and artefacts; we depend on infrastructures that are partly digital and have digital systems attached to them; we use public and private services that are digital, are based on digital infrastructures and have other digital systems attached to them; and we experience embedded, ubiquitous computing as we live in digitally enhanced environments that support our activities with or without our conscious control. The digital layer(s) in the world constitute a real world.

  • 162.
    Brege, Malin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Hansson, Sofia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    "Kvinnliga gamers finns inte": En diskursanalys av mediedebatten om ojämställdhet i TV- och datorspelskulturen2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to determine how the debate about equality in the culture of video and computer games appears in different kind of web based media. And what underlying reasons may affect the outcome of the discourse. The theoretical perspectives used in this study is based on a gender perspective complemented with the concept of hegemony, myths and stereotypes. This examination is based on a critical discourse analysis and Fairclough’s three dimensional model of discourse, the material has been collected with a quantitative content analysis.

    The result of the study shows that inequality in the culture of video and computer games is a big problem. The result is a study of constant repression against women, threats and harassment. The deduction of this study is that the patriarchy is the fundamental structure that has created the current culture of gaming. And as long as the patriarchy exsists, so will the inequality, not only in society, but in the ever growing culture of video and computer games.

  • 163.
    Brink, Sebastian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Det virtuella kontoret: En litteraturstudie i möjligheter och utmaningar med att använda 3D kollaborativa virtuella miljöer inom distribuerad systemutveckling2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Distributed system development is a common occurrence in today’s technological and global world. Because the consequences of its geographically distributed nature it creates barriers between people that affects their communication and collaboration efforts in the distributed context. Despite a lot of technological breakthroughs over the last decades and the occurrence of video-conference applications and other tools for communication and collaboration, cultural and geographical issues have so far not yet been completely resolved. In this study I have made a literature study over distributed system development to form a set of central factors that affects the distributed development process. With these factors in hand, I have made another literature study to compare how these factors are affected within the use of 3D collaborative virtual environments, which is a mixture of virtual reality (VR) and computer supported cooperative work (CSCW). I wanted to study what the opportunities and/or challenges were within using 3D CVEs in a distributed system development context. My findings are that although the technology might be ready to handle such an occurrence, there are still obstacles to really involve it in the already complex context of distributed work. However, there are still some uses within team-building and creation of social ties that could benefit from the 3D CVE technology, and there is a possibility to use this technology within some design phases during a system development project process.

  • 164.
    Brodin Berggren, Lenita
    et al.
    Umeå University, Umeå University Library.
    Josefsson, Malin
    Umeå University, Umeå University Library.
    Sök på Golvet: Umeå universitetsbibliotek2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Fokus för projektet Sök på Golvet har varit att skapa en prototyp för ett alternativt sökverktyg på en interaktiv golvyta. Samt att undersöka hur ett mindre textbaserat gränssnitt kan utformas för andra elektroniska medium. Målgrupper för studien har främst varit distansstudenter och forskare, två grupper som relativt sällan besöker det fysiska biblioteket.

    Projektet var ett samarbete mellan Umeå universitetsbibliotek, Designhögskolan, Umeå universitet, Kulturverket, Umeå kommun, HUMlab, Umeå universitet, Lövångers skola och bibliotek, Skellefteå kommun. Projektets genomförande möjliggjordes genom att medel tilldelades från Kungliga biblioteket.

    Det empiriska underlaget för projektets resultat baserades på resultat från workshops, intervjuer och användarundersökningar. Arbetsmetoden var prövande och präglades av flexibilitet.

    Resultatet av projektet pekar på att bibliotek bör utveckla gränssnitt som präglas av interaktion, grafisk stringens med en tydlig avsändare. Den visuella inspirationen är lika viktig som att inte ge avkall på vetenskaplig tyngd. För att skapa en mer sömlös användar-upplevelse bör bibliotekets fysiska och digitala miljöer länkas samman. Resultatet av arbetet med barnen pekar mot ett icke-linjärt, mer intuitivt informationssökande där flera sinnen aktiveras i sökprocessen.

  • 165.
    Brodin Berggren, Lenita
    et al.
    Umeå University, Umeå University Library.
    Josefsson, Malin
    Umeå University, Umeå University Library.
    Sök på Golvet: Umeå universitetsbibliotek2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of the project Sök på golvet (Search, Feel, Find) was to create a prototype for an alternative search tool for the interactive floor surface. Another goal was to investigate how a non-text-based interface could be designed for other electronic media. Target groups for the study were primarily distance students and researchers, two groups that visit the physical library relatively rarely. The project was a collaboration between Umeå University Library, Institute of Design (Umeå University), Kulturverket (Umeå municipality), HUMlab (Umeå University), Lövånger school and library (Skellefteå municipality). Implementation of the project was made possible by funds from the National Library of Sweden. The empirical basis for the project’s results were based on results from the workshops, interviews and user surveys. The work method was tentative and was characterized by flexibility. The results of the project indicate the need for the library to develop an interactive interface for the search service that is characterized by a clear and minimal design and follows the library’s visual identity. The visual inspiration is equally important as the scientific content. To create a more seamless user experience the library’s physical and digital environments should be linked together. The result of the work with the children points towards a non-linear, more intuitive information search in which several senses are employed in the process.

  • 166.
    Brorsson, Gia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Ikeas retuscherade kvinnor: En kvalitativ studie av Ikeas val att retuschera kvinnor i den Saudiska Ikea-katalogen2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    On the first of October 2012 the media reported that the women in the Ikea catalogue

    had been airbrushed in the Saudi edition. Initially the blame was put on either the

    Saudi government the Islamic culture or the Saudi franchise. In the end it was

    revealed that the Swedish company Inter Ikea Systems had the full responsibility for

    Ikeas actions and therefore was the culprit behind the airbrushing. On whose

    initiative or why the airbrushing was done the media never found out. These are

    answers only Ikea has, although they remain unresponsive to these questions

    throughout the news portrayal.

    This study methodology uses a qualitative content analysis as framework to further

    investigate the news media with support of theoretical perspectives such as media

    theory, power relations and cultural differences. Other theoretical themes included in

    this case study are gender, hegemony and discourse analysis.

    This study therefore investigates how the presentation of news shape and frame news

    in the way that they do from the basis of cultural values and power relations. The

    study shows that the perspectives we have of other cultures in some way are

    preconceptions that is shaped by the media and society. Furthermore the news media

    demonstrate within this discourse that discrimination and inequalities are a portrayal

    that is easy to apply on others but difficult to criticize within our own culture. With

    that said, the construction of the news portrayal and the concept of power relations

    will always be dependent on context and cultural values, therefore the news media

    portrayal will remain a complex subject.

  • 167.
    Brulin, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Being human in a technological age: A study of the impacts of smart technology usage2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today humans are using a large amount of smart technology to support their daily activities, for instance smartphones, tablets and computers. The relationship towards technology is changing, and with the change comes questions. In this thesis a qualitative interview study was used to deepen the understanding of humans’ daily use of technology and its impacts on their daily life. The study has shown that humans’ technology usage has both positive and negative impacts on their daily life. For instance that hyper-connectivity broadens humans network of contacts and they constantly has the possibility to reach out into the world without having to travel. However, the study has also shown that hyper-connectivity creates technodependence which appears to reinforce bad characteristics, for instance laziness and seclusion since humans tend to prefer socializing through technology instead of in real life. Finally, the study has also shown that the experienced advantages of being connected predominates the disadvantages, which result in a decreased feeling of technology usage being harmful.

  • 168.
    Brunemo, Moa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Att läsa serier: En studie av bibliotekariers syn på serier som läsfrämjande medium2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats har undersökt vad fyra bibliotekarier anser om tecknade serier som ett medium och som ett läsfrämjande medium. En kvalitativ intervjumetod har använts för att undersöka detta vilket senare har analyserats med hjälp av teorierna fenomenologi, medieteori samt multimodalitet. Studien har även kartlagt hur tecknade serier togs emot under 1900-talet av bibliotekarier, vilket senare har använts för att hitta paralleller till informanternas svar. Studien kommer fram till att dessa bibliotekarier är positiva till tecknade serier både som medium och som ett läsfrämjande verktyg då de ser mediet som underhållande läsning vilket uppmuntrar till fortsatt läsande.

  • 169.
    Brunnström, Josefine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Sverige och smygrasismen: En retorisk analys av ämnena integration och invandring i svensk press2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how three Swedish news publications writes about integration and immigrants. The news articles were analyzed with a rhetorical analysis. The method was supplemented with theories of media and ethnicity, agenda setting theory and gatekeeping theory. This study resulted in the conclusion that racist discourses are found in the three news publications, regardless of political color, writer or article genre. Many of the articles makes a clear division of "us and them", where "them" is defined by the text's "us", who are often Swedes. "Them" is described by the attributes that ”us” don't want to be associated with. Immigrants are often portrayed as victims of their culture or as a threat to Western society. There is also a clear link between immigrants, Islam and Muslims irrespective of where the immigrants come from. The articles on integration continues to talk of immigrants as a unified group but these articles are accusing politicians and organizations to a greater extent, for the integration problematics. Both topics are discussed mainly on the basis of values and feelings and statistics showing the whole context is missing.

  • 170.
    Brännström, Linus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Hur kan vi uppnå Effektivt Lärande?: Lärares perspektiv på digitala övningsmetoder2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Society depend on good education for preparing its citizens to meet the demands of tomorrow. In the last decades, society has gone through a digital revolution that has changed how social bearing institutions and organizations integrate with each other on an evolutional level. This digitization has seeped its way into our schools as well, but with varied results. While organizations like those of the retail genre has benefited massively of the digitization with features like online shopping and personalized ads, the schools have in some cases seen worse results from students using digital means. Until this day, digitization of the education sector has proved to be most challenging and has not yet digitally evolved in a beneficial way for all students and schools. That means we have to look more deeply into what makes a good digital tool for students that actually enhances the results. Thus the questions asked in this research are: How can digital exercise platforms be designed to promote effective learning? By interviewing teachers from modern day schools, we can see that there is a wide variety of apps and tools for students to use and it is up to the teacher to find the best suitable ones, which might be an extremely time consuming and challenging process to navigate the sea of apps. Many of the apps lacks a sound pedagogy, or they might be too expensive or have ads that creates distractions and lowers motivation. This creates a gap in the efficient learning process. That gap can be filled by teachers and developers identifying shortage of motivation, reflection, goal orientation and social learning. Thus, as a secondary research question I ask: How can we implement a gatekeeping process by identifying gaps in efficient learning for apps in the educational sector?


  • 171.
    Brännström, Sara
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Larsson Westin, Amanda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Är SJ på rätt spår?: En kvalitativ studie om SJs normkritiska reklamkampanj och hur den tas emot av två generationer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For companies and organizations there's an ongoing battle to maintain reputation, by actively

    taking a stance in the public debate companies and organizations maintain their position on

    the market. SJ, Statens Järnvägar, is a Swedish train operating company owned by the

    Swedish state. In 2017 SJ released the first commercial from their advertising campaign

    ‘Vem du än är, vart du än ska’ that portray norm-breaking people on their rail travel. The

    purpose of this essay is to analyze, on the basis of three commercials that are part of SJ's

    advertising campaign ‘Vem du än är, vart du än ska’ how norms are maintained and

    challenged through the campaign. The study also aims to investigate how the commercials

    are being received among younger (22-25 years) and older (58-72 years) age groups, with

    particular focus on the group's perception of the campaign in relation to norms and corporate

    responsibility in society.

    Using tools based in the multimodal analysis we analyzed the commercials and through focus

    group interviews we gathered thoughts about the commercials from the older and the younger

    age groups. The theoretical framework based on representation, stereotypes, myths, norms

    and Corporate Social Responsibility has helped us analyze the commercials and distinguish

    the respondents thoughts about norms and corporate responsibility.

    The analysis showed that the respondents understood the message that everyone is welcome

    to travel with SJ, but they thought the shape of the commercials were weak. Although SJ

    wants to break norms and stereotypes, we could see that they consolidate certain stereotypes.

    The respondents stated that they saw a ‘designation’ and meant that by allowing a person to

    represent a whole group, others within the group may feel designated. The two age groups

    had similar opinions and we could not determine any major difference based on age. The two

    age groups did however differ in which subject they discussed most. All respondents

    expressed how important it was that everyone got a place in the media and that companies

    have a great responsibility over our social development.

  • 172.
    Burlin, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Kampen om eleverna: En kvalitativ studie av informationsmaterialet från gymnasieskolor i Skellefteå2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to see how secondary schools in Skellefteå County market themselves in order to attract students. How the schools portrait themselfs, what is in focus in the information material and how the schools communicate their message to the students who are about to choose schools are the questions asked. The study contains both municipal secondary schools and independent secondary schools. A text analysis has been implemented on texts from the schools websites and interviews were conducted with five respondents from the municipal secondary schools. The independent secondary schools were unable to participate in interviews. The study is based on theories regarding communication, marketing and campaigning.

    The study shows that the municipal secondary schools are in the progress of presenting a united profile and identity. This is something that this study found is not really anchored with everyone who works with marketing the schools. Furthermore they want to be perceived as the serious and stabile alternative and this also is the main focus in the material from all municipal secondary schools. The independent schools seemingly wants to be perceived as caring and their main focus in the material lies in the employability of the students. They also seem to find it important to uplift the fact that it is possible to get the competence needed to carry on to university through their educational programs. Both municipal secondary schools and independent secondary schools communicate their message mainly with a sensemaking view on communication, in other words they seek a kind of relationship with the students in order to get their message through. 

  • 173.
    Burman, Christo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    På spaning efter den populärkulturelle Bergman: Om att vända på bilden av en filmskapare2010In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 2-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ingmar Bergman’s name is virtually synonymous with intellectual European films and high culture but lately scholars have been trying to show that Bergman worked in a variety of fields, including popular culture, and that his work often was commercial, popular and more easily accessible than his auteur image would suggest. This article explores some of the soap commercials that Bergman made in the early 1950s, which still remain a little known part of his oeuvre. The focus also lies on the publication of Bergman’s scripts as serial “filmnovels” in the weekly women’s magazine Allers Familjejournal (1959–1967) and on the transformation of the image of Bergman by his popular later works Scenes from a Marriage (1973) and Fanny and Alexander (1982) and through famous images that reappear throughout the spectrum of popular culture, most notably the image of Death from The Seventh Seal (1957).

  • 174.
    Burman, Emil
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Agile in action: Hybrid methodologies in practice2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years an increase of agile methodologies and their implementation in mainstream software engineering projects have been seen, but this implementation has reportedly changed agility in practice into a hybrid form of agility and more classic methodologies. With a lack of research regarding these hybrid methodologies this multiple case study empirically analyses the practice of methodologies from two different conglomerates and places the results in the Information Technology Management framework (ITMF) to answer the research question; How are hybrid agile methodologies enacted in practice in mature agile teams and why are they enacted in such a way? The result show that the organizations work agile within a waterfall framework, a hybrid form of requirement handling into agile development followed by waterfall testing. The hybrid methodologies are imposed by external factors such as the sales department and traditional economic reporting. This study acknowledges a need for a greater understanding of the engagement between external actors and software development.

  • 175.
    Burman, Josefine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Hosten, Linnea
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Behovet alltid större än möjligheterna: En fallstudie av de drabbade kommunernas kriskommunikation i samband med branden i Västmanland2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The tsunami in Thailand in 2004, 9/11 and hurricane Katrina in New Orleans 2005 are all reminders that no organization is immune to crises, which also means that all organizations should be prepared and know how to handle a crisis if one was to occur.

     

    A case study has been conducted, on a crisis regarding a fire that occurred on the 31st of July 2014 in Västmanland, Sweden. Through Qualitative interviews empirical data was gathered and then analyzed together with our theories and previous research. The purpose of the study is to analyze how the municipalities affected and the County Administrative Board of Sweden handled and communicated with/to the public during the fire that spread in Västmanland 2014.

     

    Our study shows that a risk analysis and analysis of surroundings is crucial in anticipating a crisis event and that it is essential for organizations to undergo training to prepare organization members on how to handle a crisis. Another conclusion is that the need for information is large during a crisis event and grows throughout the entire course of the crisis. The crisis that we studied had a lack of information, but at the same time the public’s need for information is a need that can’t be satisfied during a crisis. And if the organizations concerned do not satisfy the public’s need for information, rumors will start to disseminate to cater to the public’s needs. Rumors have always been a part of crisis communication but has with today’s technologies assumed a digital form which means that they can spread to a wider group of people. The digital and social media constituted of an essential tool for the affected stakeholders crisis communication and the local radio played an important role in managing the crisis.

  • 176.
    Bylund, Frida
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Bildernas byggstenar: En studie om pixlar och vektorers egenskaper i form av digitala material2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With a new digital world that runs parallel with our physical one, we are also facing a new type of architecture and new materials that this new architecture is built on. In this thesis I examine pixels and vectors, two of the digital materials used to create pictures. By approaching them as digital materials, I have mapped their different qualities, when and where one or the other is more or less applicable and the reason behind it. My main research question asked was the following: Are the (digital) materials challenged outside their primary fields of application, and in that case, in which way? With this question in mind, I carried out a semiotic picture analysis on four pictures, later on dividing them into four different categories, based on their different qualities and their ability to deliver information. These categories can be used to determine which qualities different digital material used to create pictures possesses and therefore also help to determine what material that is most appropriate to use when a specific expression of the finish product is desirable. Furthermore, my four categories can be used as a way to challenge the materials outside their comfort zone, this due to the awareness of the materials strengths and weaknesses. 

  • 177.
    Bäckman, Beatrice
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Kejsarens nya kläder?: En kvalitativ fallstudie om innehållsmarknadsföring2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Title: The Emperor’s New Clothes? - A qualitative case study about content marketing

     

    The digital media landscape has created a shift in how information is produced, consumed and shared. This has led to difficulties for companies, in reaching their costumers through traditional marketing teqniques. To operate in the digital environment marketing has shifted towards a more content based marketing. Which has led to the use of content marketing, a marketing technique that focuses on creating and distributing valuable, relevant and consistent content to attract and retain a clearly-defined audience. To understand the use of content marketing the purpose of the study has been to examine content marketing, in which areas it operates and how it used as a means of strategic communication.

     

    The method applied for the research was based on a hermeneutic methodology and has an abductive approach. Furthermore the empirical material consists of qualitative interviews with four people from four different content bureaus: Annica Thorberg from Marketing House, Dennis Guldstrand from Doidea, Mikael Asp-Tjällden from Digital Dominance and Oscar Johansson from Glory Days. The theoretical framework applied consists of convergence culture, the marketing mix and relationsship marketing.

     

    The result of the study indicates that content marketing seems to be a marketing strategy striving towards a more journalistic approach, though operating on the terms of the marketing industri. Through a more content based strategy the goal is to create visibility. Furthermore the study showed that SEO is used as a way of creating visibility more than anything else. Through search engines the bureaus are able to distribute content without affecting the costumers with intrusive commercial messages.

    Keywords: Content marketing, relationship marketing, the marketing mix, the convergence culture

  • 178.
    Bäckström, Sara
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Lundberg, Olivia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Att hantera kontinuerlig förändring: En studie av förändringsledning och molnbaserade samarbetsverktyg2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Information technology is a significant part of businesses and crucial for organizational survival in highly competitive environments. Due to the high rate of technological change, countinuous adaptation is an inevitable part of the organizational life. An increasing number of organizations are migrating their business to cloud services because of the many potential benefits. Current research about change management and technological change has however paid little attention to the characteristics of cloud computing. This paper aims to investigate how the introduction of cloud-based collaboration tools affect change management processes in organizations. To this end, we studied change management associated with the introduction of Office 365 from the perspectives of a change management service provider and change agents within user organizations. Data has been collected through semi-structured interviews with four consultants within this area and three respondents who represent internal change agents. The results of this study show that change in relation to cloud services is divided into two parts; the technical implementation and the change effort. This indicates that change management not necessarily needs to be performed in connection to the technical implementation. Furthermore, our study show that the flexibility of cloud services make it possible to use it in many different ways, why it is of big importance to identify user needs to maximize the value of the collaboration tools. Finally, the results indicate that the constant update of the software in cloud services makes it favourably to work with agile methods in change management, although the long-term goal should be to create the ability to handle continuous change within the organization. 

  • 179.
    Cabral, Regis
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    QoE: Quality of Experience: a conceptual essay2007In: Integration and Innovation Orient to E-Society, Vol 2: Seventh IFIP International Conference on e-Business, e-Services, and e-Society (13E2007), October 10–12, Wuhan, China / [ed] Weijun Wang, Yanhui Li, Zhao Duan et al, New York: Springer-Verlag New York, 2007, Vol. 252, p. 193-199Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ICT industry and services are on the verge of substituting quality of service and utility functions; with quality of experience, QoE. While intuitive, QoE, has eluded the research community. QoE takes into account what the user is experiencing with new products and services. Once this information is collected, it becomes an input in the development of the new product or new service. But how does one measure directly quality of experience? In this conceptual paper, I discuss from an ICT perspective, the utility function and quality of service, QoS. I also present how active interested the industry is in QoE. I concluded with some key points that may serve as a guideline in the process of constructing the QoE function.

  • 180.
    Calissendorff, Philip
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Lögdal, Niklas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Digital platforms challenges and opportunities: Evidence from a traditional market sector2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digital platforms are becoming more and more established in the current digital age and with it come many new business ideas, models and more. This has lead to several disciplines and industries taking an interest in them and sought to build one themselves. However, little is known about how the context of a digital platform can affect its launch. Existing research todays focuses on general strategies for launching a platform but we argue that context matters and that it changes the challenges and opportunities for the platform. This thesis aims to fill this gap for traditional industries that faces different kinds of challenges compared to more IT established areas. To achieve this, we took part of a case study and conducted a qualitative data collection process consisting of interviews with project members of The Omega project. We were able to identify a set of challenges and opportunities presented to the project: diversity, organizational, and culture to name a few.

    Based on our findings we could conclude that digital platforms for traditional industries comes with its own set of challenges and opportunities but that these can be used to find similarities to other industries to help tackle them. Therefore, we suggest further research to be done on how the context affects the challenges and opportunities in other industries.

  • 181.
    Carbin, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Det problematiska systerskapet: Purpurfärgen och postkolonial feminism2014In: Feminism i rörliga bilder / [ed] Katharina Tollin och Maria Törnqvist, Stockholm: Liber, 2014, 2, p. 116-143Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 182.
    Cardebrant, Emil
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Sjölin, Christoffer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Das Auto, Der Skandal: En kvalitativ textanalys av Volkswagen Sveriges kriskommunikation i samband med miljöskandalen hösten 20152017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how Volkswagen Sweden crisis communicated during the enviromental scandal, when it occured in autumn 2015, and a month ahead. The study examines Volkswagens press releases, Facebook posts and comments on Facebook. It also analyze if some of the selected crisis communication strategies were able to be identified in the crisis. The theoretical framework consists of Image Repair Theory and Corporate apologia and the strategies these theories contain. The study consisted of a qualitative method where a text analysis was applied on the material and themes could be identified. The study identified a number of themes that were more and less distinctive. Overall, five strategies could be discerned in the material, one from Corporate Apologia and the other four from Image Repair Theory. 

  • 183.
    Carlbring, Jakob
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    We've both said things you're going to regret: En undersökning av dagspressens framställning av TV-och datorspel perioden 1995 till 20122013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of computer and video games has increased immensely over the past few decades and today a majority of the Swedish population enjoys them on a daily basis. With such a large number of frequent users, the media reporting on the subject of games becomes interesting and important. How are games represented in the media, and has there been any change in the way they are portrayed as their popularity has grown? ­

    The aim of this study is to determine if and how the portrayal of computer and video games in Swedish newspapers has changed during the period 1995–2012. The study was conducted with the use of quantitative content analysis and the empirical data was collected from the two most widespread newspapers in Sweden – DN and Aftonbladet. The main theories used to analyze and interpret the data consisted of framing theory and theories on the concept of moral panics.    

    The result of the study shows that there has been a large increase in the number of articles that treats the subject of games, especially in the period 1995—2002. When games are described in negative contexts, the issue most often discussed is the violent content and the negative effect it has on the user. In recent years, however, more focus has been directed towards the beneficial effects of games.

  • 184.
    Carlsson, Eric
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Att återta territoriet: En studie av Sveriges Televisions samhällsprogram Fittja Paradiso2000Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
  • 185.
    Carlsson, Eric
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Digital aktivism2012In: Nya medier och kommunikation: Makt och meningsskapande i den digitala tidsåldern / [ed] Simon Lindgren, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2012, 1, p. 87-105Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 186.
    Carlsson, Eric
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Visibility and surveillance in a hybrid media culture2013In: Hybrid media culture: sensing place in a world of flows / [ed] Simon Lindgren, London: Routledge, 2013, p. 34-50Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article provides a theoretical discussion of the relationship between visibility and surveillance in the context of digital media from three intersecting perspectives. As its starting point the chapter takes the concept of the panoptic gaze to discuss how new media platforms can be understood as a site where social control is managed. In order to gain a better understanding of the relation described above the notion of synopticism and the interplay between new and old media is discussed. The third perspective to be examined is the individualization of surveillance and here the connection between digital media, empowerment and identity building is scrutinized. A conclusion that is drawn in this chapter is that it seems to have become more legitimate to watch others and to be watched by others in today's hybrid media culture. Visibility and surveillance has become, not only associated with monitoring by states and commercial sectors, but has also become a tool for political resistance as well as technology for subjects to build identity.

  • 187.
    Carlsson, Eric
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Jarlbrink, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    All-seeing eyes: metaphors of surveillance in the media monitoring industry2018In: Northern Lights, ISSN 1601-829X, E-ISSN 2040-0586, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 23-39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to analyse and compare how technologies of media monitoring have been imagined as seeing devices at two turning points in media history – around 1900 and in the 2000s. The press-cutting agencies that were established during the late nineteenth century, depending on human eyes and scissors, were said to deliver customized news updates, business data and information on public opinion. As seeing devices, they took names such as Argus, Observer and Atlas. These agencies made it possible to see the world on paper. Today, media monitoring depends on automatic processes rather than human eyes. Yet, digital technologies are usually represented by images of old media devices such as magnifying glasses, binoculars, telescopes and watchtowers. These well-known and transparent technologies make the black boxes of digital media seem less strange, but they might also mask the assumptions and complexities that are built into them.

  • 188.
    Carlsson, Eric
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Jarlbrink, Johan
    The Politics of Issue Management. Now and Then2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 189.
    Carlsson, Eric
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Nilsson, Bo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Digitaliseringens logiker: teknik, marknad och demokrati i lokaljournalistik och politik2015In: Digital politik: sociala medier, deltagande och engagemang / [ed] Eric Carlsson, Bo Nilsson och Simon Lindgren, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2015, p. 133-149Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 190.
    Carlsson, Eric
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Nilsson, Bo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Technologies of participation: community news and social media in northern Sweden2016In: Journalism - Theory, Practice & Criticism, ISSN 1464-8849, E-ISSN 1741-3001, Vol. 17, no 8, p. 1113-1128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores how different meanings of 'participation' are developed in the intersection between local journalism and social media. The study is based on qualitative interviews with media professionals working in community media organisations in northern Sweden. Three key themes are identified: participation as marketisation, participation and production, and participation and democracy. This article discusses how these three different forms of participation contribute to the constitution of journalistic identities in a local context and to its meanings within the media sphere in general. This article argues that the emergence of new digital media has not so much renewed the role of the media professional as it has led to a cementing of their professional identity. Social media are a necessity for the development of journalism and are celebrated for their potential to include audiences; yet journalists paradoxically seem to consider these same technologies of participation as a threat, not only to journalism but also to democracy.

  • 191.
    Carlsson, Eric
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Nilsson, Bo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Lindgren, Simon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Sociala medier och det politiska2015In: Digital politik: sociala medier, deltagande och engagemang / [ed] Eric Carlsson, Bo Nilsson, Simon Lindgren, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2015, 1, p. 7-17Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 192.
    Carlsson, Oskar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Sundström, Sofia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Zara Larsson och den manliga hatvågen: En kritisk diskursanalys på den tryckta pressens skildring av artisten Zara Larssons uttalanden om Bråvallafestivalen 20152016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Zara Larsson and the male haters.

    A critical discourse analysis of the medias depiction of the singer Zara Larsson’s commentary on Bråvallafestivalen 2015

    Zara Larsson, born in 1997, is a famous, young swedish singer. Besides her career in music she is also famous for her feminist thoughts in social media. In 2015, she critizised the swedish festival Bråvallafestivalen for its lack of female artists. This critizism was first published in the swedish newspaper Dagens Nyheter and afterwards there was a huge reaction in social media where lots of people critizised and threatened Zara Larsson because of her thougths.

    Therefore, the purpose of this study is to explore how swedish newspapers reports about this situation and how Zara Larsson is portrayed, from a genderperspective. We are using a thematic analysis and a critical discourse analysis as a method. The analysis is based on articles and opinion journalism in swedish newspapers from all over the country.

    Theories we have used for the study is gendersystems and ideology.

    The main conclusion of this study is that the debate ended up to be very polarized, and that the supporting side of Zara Larsson dominated the debate, while the opposition tended to be some sort of hopeless contenders. We could also se that the main ideology was feminism, both visible and hidden in the texts.

    Keywords: Critical discourse analysis, Thematic analysis, gender, Zara Larsson, Bråvalla festival.

  • 193.
    Carlén, Niclas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Forsman, August
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Jesper, Svensson
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Sandberg, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    IoT Enabled Process Innovation: Exploring Sensor-Based Digital Service Design Through an Information Requirements Framework2019In: Internet of Things: Information Processing in an Increasingly Connected World / [ed] Strous, Leon, Cerf, Vinton G., Springer, 2019, Vol. 548, p. 105-120Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Through digitisation of physical artefacts and environments, the Internet of Things carries vast potential for process innovation. However, navigation of the quickly evolving technological landscape and identification of emerging opportunities for value creation remains challenging. To this end, we combine existing frameworks on information requirements, IT capability, and business value of IT. We evaluate the usability of these frameworks for IoT enabled innovation in our analysis of two sensor-based process innovation projects. We investigate the fit between process characteristics and technological functionality, and the implications of this alignment. Our analysis demonstrates that the framework provides a practically useful and theoretically coherent conceptual device for analyzing process characteristics and digital options to innovate processes. Furthermore, we find that IoT sensors are well suited to address connectivity and uncertainty requirements. However, in order to leverage them to address high equivocality requirements designers need deep contextual understanding to align IoT capability with information requirements.

  • 194.
    Carneiro, Camila
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Institute of Design.
    ACCESSIBILITY FOR ILLITERATES IN THE CURRENT BRAZILIAN SOCIETY: INTRODUCING FUNCTIONAL ILLITERATES TO MOBILE BANKING SERVICE2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this project is to approximate the functional illiterates population to the society within the Brazilian banking service in a more accessible way: through their personal mobile phones. It aims to enhance the social integration of the illiterate people by experiencing this service developed through a process focusing on their feedback, wishes and expectations augmented with the designer’s background.The mobile phone it is quite accessible in developing countries, like Brazil, and counts on technology that enhances the user's interaction; the banking service is a facilitator concerning the economic life of any citizen. Both aspects were the starting point of this project due their importance in the everyday life and relevance for a person’s autonomy.My personal goal is also to use this project to alert the society about the issues regarding the social life of an illiterate – their difficulties and fears towards daily situations – through a consistent project that can be used as a reference to develop products and services towards this group of potential users.

  • 195. Carús, Juan Luis
    et al.
    García, Sonia
    García, Rodrigo
    Waterworth, John
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Erdt, Stefanie
    The ELF@Home project: elderly sELF-care based on sELF-check of health conditions and sELF-fitness at home2014In: Proceedings of pHealth 2014: 11th International Conference on Wearable Micro and Nano Technologies for Personalized Health (pHealth), Vienna: IOS Press, 2014, p. 164-166Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ELF@Home project is a research and innovation project running from June 1st 2013 to May 31st 2016 and co-funded by the Ambient Assisted Living Joint Programme (AAL JP) and National Authorities in Spain, Sweden and Germany. The ELF@Home project relies in the use of the proven advantages of elderly fitness to develop a self-care solution based on self-check of health conditions and self-fitness at home. The project uses information and communication technologies (ICT) to build an autonomous fitness system targeting healthy or pre-frail elder people aged over 65 and living independently at home.

  • 196.
    Chan, Lih Shing
    et al.
    Community College of City University.
    Liong, Chan Ching Mario
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Sexualized Female Bodies: Gender Implications on the Characterization of Lengmo in Hong Kong Print Media2012In: Hong Kong Journal of Social Sciences, ISSN 1021-3619, Vol. 42, no Spring/Summer, p. 83-96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [zh]

    In recent years, lengmo has emerged as a popular and controversial subject in Hong Kong society. Literally meaning naïve young model, lengmo is a relatively new occupation that allows young women who lack the figure of professional models to enter the entertainment industry. These young women, mostly in sexy appearance, become a social phenomenon propelled by local print media. This paper analyzes how Hong Kong print media characterize lengmo by endorsing them as sexualized subjects. These characterizations imply the discourse of sexualizing female bodies. Although seemingly pushing the expression of female sexuality into social spaces, they do not liberate women in pursuit of sexual autonomy. Such implication entails the patriarchal ideology in which the operation of local print media is grounded.

  • 197. Chen, Xiaojie
    et al.
    Sasaki, Tatsuya
    Brännström, Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.
    Dieckmann, Ulf
    First carrot, then stick: how the adaptive hybridization of incentives promotes cooperation2015In: Journal of the Royal Society Interface, ISSN 1742-5689, E-ISSN 1742-5662, Vol. 12, no 102, article id 20140935Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social institutions often use rewards and penalties to promote cooperation. Providing incentives tends to be costly, so it is important to find effective and efficient policies for the combined use of rewards and penalties. Most studies of cooperation, however, have addressed rewarding and punishing in isolation and have focused on peer-to-peer sanctioning as opposed to institutional sanctioning. Here, we demonstrate that an institutional sanctioning policy we call 'first carrot, then stick' is unexpectedly successful in promoting cooperation. The policy switches the incentive from rewarding to punishing when the frequency of cooperators exceeds a threshold. We find that this policy establishes and recovers full cooperation at lower cost and under a wider range of conditions than either rewards or penalties alone, in both well-mixed and spatial populations. In particular, the spatial dynamics of cooperation make it evident how punishment acts as a 'booster stage' that capitalizes on and amplifies the pro-social effects of rewarding. Together, our results show that the adaptive hybridization of incentives offers the 'best of both worlds' by combining the effectiveness of rewarding in establishing cooperation with the effectiveness of punishing in recovering it, thereby providing a surprisingly inexpensive and widely applicable method of promoting cooperation.

  • 198.
    Chevlin, Aurora
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    ”Jag tror det behovet kommer explodera”: En studie om bibliotekarier- och journalisters kompetensbehov i yrkespraktiken i förhållande till utbildningsinnehållet.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens syfte är att undersöka hur nyexaminerade bibliotekarier och journalister upplever sin kompetens i yrkespraktiken i förhållande till utbildningsinnehållet.

    Utifrån analys och kodning har teman som pedagogik och teknik urskilts som kompetensbehov bland bibliotekarier och journalister i deras yrkespraktik. Bland annat upplever bibliotekarier och journalister att de vill ha mer praktiska inslag i utbildningsinnehållet och tona ner det akademiska. Före detta studenter inom biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap vill ha mer pedagogisk kunskap och lära sig mer om bemötande samt att mer fokus på litteraturkunskap hade varit nyttigt i yrkeslivet. Före detta studenter inom journalistik önskar mer kunskap inom webbjournalistik som sociala medier, men också en större grund inom rättsjournalistik, samt bättre förståelse om branschen och vilka förutsättningar och arbetsformer som existerar.

  • 199.
    Chien, Yi-Ting
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Institute of Design.
    Immersive Tour at Umeå’s Prison Hotel2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The overall purpose of this project is to develop an immersive storytelling experience that connects with both physical and social environment. To be specific, it focuses on the old prison in Umeå which was closed in 1981 and nowadays serves as a hotel. There are abundant historical materials related to the old prison preserved, and how might we transform such textual, historical information into relatively interactive experience. By collaborating with Hotell Gamla Fängelset ( Umeå’s Prison Hotel ), the result turns out to be an application in combination with augmented reality (AR), to build a guided tour that brings history to life at Umeå’s Prison Hotel. The tour not only demonstrates the plight of the prisoners, but also showcases the reform to humanized treatment over time, at the end linking back to the cozy hotel where the guests are staying. After users experience the tour application, it stimulates people’s imagination of the prisoners’ story and raises their awareness towards the cultural heritage that has always been forgotten.

  • 200. Chignell, Mark
    et al.
    Hosono, Naotsune
    Fels, Deborah
    Lottridge, Danielle
    Waterworth, John
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Responsive interfaces: Mobility, emotion and universality2009In: Interact 2009: Research & Practice, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
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