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  • 151.
    Goicolea, Isabel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Vives-Cases, Carmen
    Intersections between gender and other relevant social determinants of health inequalities2017In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 10, article id 1397909Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 152. Gonsalves, Allison J.
    et al.
    Danielsson, Anna
    Pettersson, Helena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Masculinities and experimental practices in physics: the view from three case studies2016In: Physical Review Special Topics : Physics Education Research, ISSN 1554-9178, E-ISSN 1554-9178, Vol. 12, no 2, article id UNSP 020120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    [This paper is part of the Focused Collection on Gender in Physics.] This article analyzes masculinity and experimental practices within three different physics communities. This work is premised on the understanding that the discipline of physics is not only dominated by men, but also is laden with masculine connotations on a symbolical level, and that this limited and limiting construction of physics has made it difficult for many women to find a place in the discipline. Consequently, we argue that in order to further the understanding of gender dynamics within physics communities and enrich the current understandings about the lack of women in physics, perspectives from masculinity studies are crucial. The article draws on three different ethnographic case studies dealing with undergraduate students, graduate students, and research scientists.

  • 153.
    González Ramos, Ana M.
    et al.
    Open University of Catalonia, Spain.
    Räthzel, Nora
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    ‘You must aim high’ - ‘No, I never felt like a woman’: Women and Men Making Sense of Non-standard Trajectories into Higher Education2018In: International Journal of Gender, Science and Technology, ISSN 2040-0748, E-ISSN 2040-0748, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 130-146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is no secret that the 'glass ceiling' preventing women advancing to leadership positions exists in academia as well. Spain is no exception. Gender relations are usually investigated independently of other power relations like class and ethnicity. In our sample (80 men and women in different academic institutions across Spain) we found that not only women but also men from working class backgrounds have difficulties making successful academic careers. Therefore, we use an intersectional approach to investigate the relationship between gender and class. Comparing two life-histories, we explore what strategies individuals employ to overcome the barriers with which they are confronted. We present the stories of a woman with a middle class but non-academic background and of a man with a working-class background. Their strategies can be understood as the result of specific individual trajectories under specific societal conditions, but they also illustrate the barriers and possibilities men and women with non-standard backgrounds encounter in academia. Analysing successful strategies as well as their limitations, we aim to provide perspectives that might contribute to changing the culture of hegemonic masculinities in academia.

  • 154. Gottert, Ann
    et al.
    Barrington, Clare
    McNaughton-Reyes, Heath Luz
    Maman, Suzanne
    MacPhail, Catherine
    Lippman, Sheri A.
    Kahn, Kathleen
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. MRC/Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit (Agincourt), School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute (WRHI), University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Twine, Rhian
    Pettifor, Audrey
    Gender Norms, Gender Role Conflict/Stress and HIV Risk Behaviors Among Men in Mpumalanga, South Africa2018In: Aids and Behavior, ISSN 1090-7165, E-ISSN 1573-3254, Vol. 22, no 6, p. 1858-1869Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Men's gender role conflict and stress (GRC/S), the psychological strain they experience around fulfilling expectations of themselves as men, has been largely unexplored in HIV prevention research. We examined associations between both men's gender norms and GRC/S and three HIV risk behaviors using data from a population-based survey of 579 18-35 year-old men in rural northeast South Africa. Prevalence of sexual partner concurrency and intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration in the last 12 months were 38.0 and 13.4%, respectively; 19.9% abused alcohol. More inequitable gender norms and higher GRC/S were each significantly associated with an increased odds of concurrency (p = 0.01; p < 0.01, respectively), IPV perpetration (p = 0.03; p < 0.01), and alcohol abuse (p = 0.02; p < 0.001), controlling for demographic characteristics. Ancillary analyses demonstrated significant positive associations between: concurrency and the GRC/S sub-dimension subordination to women; IPV perpetration and restrictive emotionality; and alcohol abuse and success, power, competition. Programs to transform gender norms should be coupled with effective strategies to prevent and reduce men's GRC/S.

  • 155. Gottert, Ann
    et al.
    Barrington, Clare
    Pettifor, Audrey
    McNaughton-Reyes, Heath Luz
    Maman, Suzanne
    MacPhail, Catherine
    Kahn, Kathleen
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. MRC/Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit (Agincourt), School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Selin, Amanda
    Twine, Rhian
    Lippman, Sheri A.
    Measuring Men's Gender Norms and Gender Role Conflict/Stress in a High HIV-Prevalence South African Setting2016In: Aids and Behavior, ISSN 1090-7165, E-ISSN 1573-3254, Vol. 20, no 8, p. 1785-1795Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender norms and gender role conflict/stress may influence HIV risk behaviors among men; however scales measuring these constructs need further development and evaluation in African settings. We conducted exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses to evaluate the Gender Equitable Men's Scale (GEMS) and the Gender Role Conflict/Stress (GRC/S) scale among 581 men in rural northeast South Africa. The final 17-item GEMS was unidimensional, with adequate model fit and reliability (alpha = 0.79). Factor loadings were low (0.2-0.3) for items related to violence and sexual relationships. The final 24-item GRC/S scale was multidimensional with four factors: Success, power, competition; Subordination to women; Restrictive emotionality; and Sexual prowess. The scale had adequate model fit and good reliability (alpha = 0.83). While GEMS is a good measure of inequitable gender norms, new or revised scale items may need to be explored in the South African context. Adding the GRC/S scale to capture men's strain related to gender roles could provide important insights into men's risk behaviors.

  • 156.
    Granhall Lahiki, Malena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Boy or Girl? – No, it´s a Child!: Parents´ Motives to Sex Determine their Unborn Children2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this magister thesis is to examine the motives behind parents´ choice to sex determine their children, or not, at routine ultrasound examination (RUL). The analysed empirical data consists of 261 responding questionnaires written by expecting parents. My conclusions are that the motives behind parents’ choice can reflect their view of sex as binary or analog. Many parents sex determine their unborn children in order for preparing their rooms, clothes and toys to correlate with the heterosexual matrix. Girls get pink and boys blue, but the colours are of course only the visible part of how children are sexed as social construction. Some parents are experiencing a peer pressure and quite a few parents are influenced by the midwife performing the RUL to chose to sex determine their child. The most common motive to abstain from sex determining the child at RUL is after all to make gender the big happening at birth. Parents prepare to raise – not a child – but a boy or girl.

  • 157.
    Granlund, Jeanette
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    ” Spiteful as a woman, but not so nervous”: En kvalitativ studie om representationen av kvinnlighet i utvalda dikter av Sylvia Plath2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie analyseras sju dikter ur Sylvia Plaths diktsamling ”Ariel”. Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka representationen av kvinnlighet och manlighet i utvalda dikter från Sylvia Plaths diktsamling ”Ariel”. Metoden som har använts är diskursanalys som använder begreppen av Laclau och Mouffe. Dessa begrepp användes även som teori, samt att teorier av Judith Butler och Lena Gemzöe har använts. Studien visade på att kvinnligheten i Plaths dikter är väldigt ambivalent, detta gällde även för de manliga subjekten som figurerar i texten men kunde dock ses som mer normativa.

  • 158.
    Gregersdotter, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Ful och farlig: ofeminina och ottraktativa mördare i samtida romaner om brott och straff2011In: Att känna sig fram: Känslor i humanistisk genusforskning / [ed] Annelie Bränström-Öhman, Maria Jönsson, Ingeborg Svensson, Umeå: h:ström - Text och Kultur , 2011, 1, p. 86-101Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 159.
    Griffin, Gabriele
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Bränström-Öhman, Annelie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Kalman, Hildur
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Introduction2013In: The emotional politics of research collaboration / [ed] Griffin, Gabriele, Bränström-Öhman, Annelie, Kalman, Hildur, New York: Routledge, 2013, p. 1-19Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 160.
    Griffin, Gabriele
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Bränström-Öhman, AnnelieUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).Kalman, HildurUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    The Emotional Politics of Research Collaboration2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 161.
    Grimlund Rotstein, Loka
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    LIKHET ELLER SKILLNAD?: Om hur ambassadörer för UNICEF i Sverige representeras i relation till barn/”de Andra” utifrån könade och rasifierade diskurser om bistånd2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 162.
    Grönlund, Anne
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Öun, Ida
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The gender-job satisfaction paradox and the dual-earner society: are women (still) making work-family trade-offs?2018In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 59, no 4, p. 535-545Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Despite their disadvantaged labour market position, women consistently report higher levels of job satisfaction than men. Researchers have attributed women's higher job satisfaction to their lower expectations, arguing that gender differences will fade away as women's labour market prospects improve. Others, however, argue that women are more contented than men because their jobs satisfy a need for family adaptions.

    Objective: In this article, we put the hypotheses of transitions and trade-offs to a strong test, by comparing men and women with comparable human capital investments living in a country where women's employment is strongly supported by policies, practices and social norms.

    Methods: The relationship between gender and job satisfaction is analysed with stepwise OLS regressions. The analysis is based on a survey to newly graduated highly educated men and women in five occupations in Sweden (n≈2 450).

    Results: First, we show that, after controlling for a range of job characteristics, women report a higher level of job satisfaction than men. Second, although the paradox appears to be surprisingly persistent, it cannot be attributed to work-family trade-offs.

    Conclusions: Future research should consider job satisfaction more broadly in the light of gender role socialization and persistent gender inequalities.

  • 163.
    Gunnarsson Payne, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Culture and Media.
    Systerskapets logiker: en etnologisk studie av feministiska fanzines2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis coheres around the issue of collective political mobilisation within one part of the contemporary feminist movement, or more specifically, within the Swedish feminist zine community. A feminist zine, also commonly referred to as Grrrlzine or femizine, is a small non-commercial and non-professional publication, which is distributed by channels other than that of the mainstream media.

    The aim of the thesis is to examine what role the 'name' ' sisterhood' has in the constitution of a feminist zine community. Further, it is to explore the ways in which this 'name' is expressed and the precise function this name has within the community itself. That 'sisterhood' is necessary for a feminist politics is, according to the vast majority of the zines studied, obvious. Nevertheless the issue of what sisterhood 'is' or what it ’ought to be’ is constantly under negotiation. In this thesis I study how the name sisterhood works to create a collective feminist identity – even if this very 'name' comes to be articulated in, sometimes radically, different forms.

    In order to conduct my analysis, I have taken several theoretical decisions. First, I have chosen to frame the zine community in accordance with the term communitas, defined as a collective identity constituted in terms of its opposites, by that which it is not. In this specific case, this Other consists of the commercial media, that is also, conceived as an effect of a wider patriarchal threat.

    Second, to understand the differences which exist within this community, I have chosen to develop three feminist logics, to capture some quite contradictory articulatory strategies. They are referred to as ’liberal feminist’, ’radical feminist’ and ’post feminist’. The concept of logics allows me to interpret how it is that three different (and sometimes competing) feminist traditions can be found in the zine community, and commonly how in a single zine, or a single text, the three logics can coalsce.

    As mentioned above, it is the 'name' sisterhood that provides the glue that holds the feminist zine community together. To understand this I have analyzed sisterhood by way of the concept 'empty signifier', that is, a 'name' which is partially emptied of meaning and which serves as a surface of inscription for a variety of feminist demands, demands that in themselves may have very little, or even nothing in common.

    Finally, the ideas outlined in the thesis call for reflexivity, that is, for an explicit meta-analysis of the conduct of one’s own research process. In this thesis I discuss the problematic arising when the feminist researcher studies a feminist movement, and the inevitable blurring of political partisanship and theoretical analysis that takes place. Here I pay particular attention to the frontiers that a political community is always-already in a process of re-negotiating, and how the researcher is herself part of this very re-negotiation.

  • 164.
    Gunnarsson, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Genus-och kvinnoperspektiv på skatterätten: i en internationell och tvärvetenskaplig belysning2011In: På vei: kjønn og rett i Norden / [ed] Eva-Maria Svensson, Ulrika Andersson, Hege Braekhus, Monica Burman, Anne Hellum, Stine Jørgensen, Anu Pylkkänen, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2011, p. 146-178Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 165.
    Gunnarsson, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Forum for Studies on Law and Society.
    Tracing the women-friendly welfare state: gendered politics of everyday life in Sweden2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 166.
    Gunnarsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Forum for Studies on Law and Society.
    Kvist, Elin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Public expenditure for domestic work challenges Swedish gender equality2011In: Equal is not enough: challenging differences and inequalities in contemporary societies. Conference Proceedings., Antwerpen: Policy Research Centre on Equal opportunities, University of Antwerp – Hasselt University. , 2011, p. 156-172Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In several European countries governments have used various forms of public expenditures to stimulate job growth in the domestic service sector. The reforms have mainly been incorporated into labour market policies with the specific aim of encouraging households to employ domestic workers. This raises several from a feminist perspective interesting questions about public expenditure and the relation between care work, family models and taxation in gender and welfare policies. In this article the conflicting interests of policies and legal principles concerning tax reform is shown, which could ultimately undermine general welfare and gender equality reforms. The Swedish experience is contrasted with the development of public expenditure for domestic services in other European countries. Concluding that the introduction of a tax credit for domestic services could be seen as a transformation of the Swedish dual-earner and dual-carer regime, towards a dual-earner regime where care is once again made invisible

  • 167.
    Gustafsson, Per E
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Szczepanski, Anders
    Nelson, Nina
    Gustafsson, Per A
    Effects of Outdoor Education Intervention on the Mental Health of School Children2012In: Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, ISSN 1472-9679, E-ISSN 1754-0402, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 63-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed at examining the effects of an outdoor educational intervention on the mental health of schoolchildren. Two elementary schools participated (N = 230); one experimental school where the intervention was implemented, and the other a reference school. Demographic questions and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire were completed by the parents. An outdoor educational intervention was implemented at the experimental school, and the data collection was repeated after one year. The results point towards a small but non-significant improvement in mental health at the experimental school while adjusting for demographics. However, this effect was significantly moderated by gender: boys generally fared better than girls at the intervention school, relative to the reference school. The results indicate that it may be important to address gender issues when educational programmes are implemented in schools.

  • 168.
    Haake, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Conditions for gender equality in police leadership: making way for senior police women2018In: Police Practice & Research, ISSN 1561-4263, E-ISSN 1477-271X, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 241-252Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This  paper  aims  to  analyse  and  discuss  conditions  for  gender  equality  in  police  leadership.  This  is  done  by  interviewing  28  sworn  police  leaders  in  Sweden, and using a doing gender perspective for analyses. The results show that women and, to a greater extent, men in police leadership do gender traditionally. Explanations for the lack of female leaders and strategies for increasing the number of female leaders are shown to either focus on women as individuals (mostly men) or organisational structure and culture (mostly women).  Further,  strategies  to  reach  gender  equality  goals  are  critically  examined.  These  could  be  used  to  create  concrete  diversity  and  equality  work  within  police  and  other  organisations.  Whether  or  not  quantitative  gender equality work (raising the number of females in leadership positions) can create changes in qualitative gender equality (the learning of new norms to change experiences of inclusion and exclusion in relation to gender) is discussed.

  • 169.
    Haake, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Genus i polisens organisation och ledarskap2018In: Polisen: verksamhet och arbete / [ed] Niklas Eklund, Lena Landström, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, 2, p. 115-130Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 170.
    Haake, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Mission (im)possible?: Kvinnor om att vara akademiska ledare i forskningstunga miljöer : En rapport från IDAS-projektet2007Report (Other academic)
  • 171.
    Hallqvist, Johan
    Umeå University.
    Digital Health and the Embodying of Professionalism: Avatars as Health Professionals in Sweden2019In: Professions & Professionalism, ISSN 1893-1049, E-ISSN 1893-1049, Vol. 9, no 1, article id e2847Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores virtual health professionals (VHPs), digital health technology software, in Swedish health care. The aim is to analyze how health professionalismis (re)negotiated through avatar embodiments of VHPs and to explore the informants’ notions of what a health professional is, behaves and looks like. The paper builds on ethnographic fieldwork with informants working directly or indirectly with questions of digital health technology and professionalism. Discourse theory is used to analyze the material. Subjectification, authenticity, and diversity were found to be crucial for informants to articulate health professionalism when discussing human avatars, professional attire, gendered and ethnified embodiments. The informants attempted to make the VHPs credibly professional but inauthentcally human. A discursive struggle over health professionalism between patient choice and diversity within health care was identified where the patient’s choice of avatars—if based on prejudices—might threaten healthcare professionalism and healthcare professionals by (re)producing racism and sexism.

  • 172.
    Hamberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Få och spridda genusinslag i Umeås läkarprogram: Lärarna nyckelgrupp för att sjösätta förslagen till förbättringar2003In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 100, no 49, p. 4084-4090Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 173.
    Hamberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Genus, medicin och risken för biologisk determinism2004In: Kropp och genus i medicinen / [ed] Birgitta Hovelius, Eva E Johansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2004, p. 59-66Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 174.
    Hamberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Genusperspektiv i allmänmedicinskt arbete2015In: Allmänmedicin / [ed] Steinar Hunskår, Birgitta Hovelius (red. Sverige), Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 2, p. 1028-1035Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 175.
    Hamberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Har kvinnor verkligen bredband i hjärnan?: Om jakten på biologin i "manligt" och "kvinnligt"2004In: Kropp och genus i medicinen. / [ed] Birgitta Hovelius, Eva E Johansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2004, p. 69-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 176.
    Hamberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine.
    Larsson, Marie-Louise
    Still far to go: gender perspective in written cases used at a Swedish medical school2009In: Medical teacher, ISSN 0142-159X, E-ISSN 1466-187X, Vol. 31, no 4, p. e131-e138, article id PII 910828740Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Given decisions to implement a gender perspective in medical education, this study investigated gender perspective in written cases used at a Swedish medical school.

    Method: All course organizers on terms 5–11 were asked to submit the case descriptions used in 2005. The 257 cases collected were subjected to content analysis focussing on sex of author and patient; whether there were any guidelines for tutors; and whether the case touched on biological sex differences, psychosocial and gender aspects.

    Results: The majority of cases were written by male teachers. The proportions of male and female patients were equal. There were instructions for tutors in 20% of the cases. Sex differences were mentioned in 7% of cases. Psychosocial data were meager. Ten cases (4%) contained gender aspects and four of them presented gender as a main issue.

    Conclusions: The lack of instructions for tutors and overall scant interest in psychosocial issues were important obstacles for gender implementation. Actually, ignoring psychosocial conditions means that a gender perspective is also neglected. The results illuminate the importance of monitoring and follow-ups for a successful implementation of gender. Our method of scrutinizing written cases might be useful also for other medical schools.

  • 177.
    Hamberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Naredi, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
    Genusperspektiv i kirurgi2010In: Kirurgi / [ed] Bengt Jeppsson, Peter Naredi, Jörgen Nordenström, Bo Risberg, Studentlitteratur , 2010, p. 195-210Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 178.
    Hammarström, Anne
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Annandale, Ellen
    A Conceptual Muddle: An Empirical Analysis of the Use of 'Sex' and 'Gender' in 'Gender-Specific Medicine' Journals2012In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 7, no 4, p. e34193-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: At the same time as there is increasing awareness in medicine of the risks of exaggerating differences between men and women, there is a growing professional movement of 'gender-specific medicine' which is directed towards analysing 'sex' and 'gender' differences. The aim of this article is to empirically explore how the concepts of 'sex' and 'gender' are used in the new field of 'gender-specific medicine', as reflected in two medical journals which are foundational to this relatively new field. Method and Principal Findings: The data consist of all articles from the first issue of each journal in 2004 and an issue published three years later (n = 43). In addition, all editorials over this period were included (n = 61). Quantitative and qualitative content analyses were undertaken by the authors. Less than half of the 104 papers used the concepts of 'sex' and 'gender'. Less than 1 in 10 papers attempted any definition of the concepts. Overall, the given definitions were simple, unspecific and created dualisms between men and women. Almost all papers which used the two concepts did so interchangeably, with any possible interplay between 'sex' and gender' referred to only in six of the papers. Conclusion: The use of the concepts of 'sex' and gender' in 'gender-specific medicine' is conceptually muddled. The simple, dualistic and individualised use of these concepts increases the risk of essentialism and reductivist thinking. It therefore highlights the need to clarify the use of the terms 'sex' and 'gender' in medical research and to develop more effective ways of conceptualising the interplay between 'sex' and 'gender' in relation to different diseases.

  • 179.
    Hammarström, Anne
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Social medicine.
    Wiklund, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Social medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Stålnacke, Britt-Marie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Medicine.
    Lehti, Arja
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Professionell Development.
    Haukenes, Inger
    Department of Public Mental Health, Division of Mental Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health; Research Unit for General Practice, Uni Research Health, Kalfarveien 31, Bergen, Norway.
    Fjellman-Wiklund, Anncristine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Developing a Tool for Increasing the Awareness about Gendered and Intersectional Processes in the Clinical Assessment of Patients: A Study of Pain Rehabilitation2016In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 4, article id e0152735Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: There is a need for tools addressing gender inequality in the everyday clinical work in health care. The aim of our paper was to develop a tool for increasing the awareness of gendered and intersectional processes in clinical assessment of patients, based on a study of pain rehabilitation.

    METHODS: In the overarching project named "Equal care in rehabilitation" we used multiple methods (both quantitative and qualitative) in five sub studies. With a novel approach we used Grounded Theory in order to synthesize the results from our sub studies, in order to develop the gender equality tool. The gender equality tool described and developed in this article is thus based on results from sub studies about the processes of assessment and selection of patients in pain rehabilitation. Inspired by some questions in earlier tools, we posed open ended questions and inductively searched for findings and concepts relating to gendered and social selection processes in pain rehabilitation, in each of our sub studies. Through this process, the actual gender equality tool was developed as 15 questions about the process of assessing and selecting patients to pain rehabilitation. As a more comprehensive way of understanding the tool, we performed a final step of the GT analyses. Here we synthesized the results of the tool into a comprehensive model with two dimensions in relation to several possible discrimination axes.

    RESULTS: The process of assessing and selecting patients was visualized as a funnel, a top down process governed by gendered attitudes, rules and structures. We found that the clinicians judged inner and outer characteristics and status of patients in a gendered and intersectional way in the process of clinical decision-making which thus can be regarded as (potentially) biased with regard to gender, socio-economic status, ethnicity and age.

    IMPLICATIONS: The clinical implications of our tool are that the tool can be included in the systematic routine of clinical assessment of patients for both awareness raising and as a base for avoiding gender bias in clinical decision-making. The tool could also be used in team education for health professionals as an instrument for critical reflection on gender bias.

    CONCLUSIONS: Thus, tools for clinical assessment can be developed from empirical studies in various clinical settings. However, such a micro-level approach must be understood from a broader societal perspective including gender relations on both the macro- and the meso-level.

  • 180.
    Hamreby, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    [D]elusive equality: gendered structures in the social work profession2013In: Tracing the women-friendly welfare state: gendered politics of everyday life in Sweden / [ed] Åsa Gunnarsson, Göteborg: Makadam , 2013, p. 125-146Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 181.
    Hansson, Heidi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Selina Bunbury, the Pope and Locational Feminism2008In: Irish Literature: Feminist Perspectives / [ed] Patricia Coughlan and Tina O’Toole, Dublin: Carysfort Press, 2008, p. 59-78Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 182.
    Hansson, Heidi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    The Field Day Anthology of Irish Writing Volumes IV and V: Women's Writing and Traditions2003In: Kvinnovetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 0348-8365, no 2, p. 100-104Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 183. Harrison, Katherine
    et al.
    Olofsson, Jennie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Becoming-a-firefighter: On the intra-active relationship between firefighters and their tools2016In: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 158-173Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on the relationship between the members of a local fire brigade in Sweden and their tools, as well as the organisational dynamics that forge this relation. Drawing on the work of Karen Barad [2007. Meeting the universe halfway. Quantum physics and the entanglement of matter and meaning. Durham: Duke University Press], and particularly her notion of intra-action, the intention is to unpick the strong material and symbolic relationship between men, masculinity and tools seen in this profession. While Barad’s work has been useful within feminist theories, few attempts have been made to investigate how her work can benefit critical studies of men and masculinities, one exception being Ulf Mellström [2016. From a hegemonic politics of masculinity to an ontological politics of intimacy and vulnerability? Ways of imagining through Karen Barad's work. Rhizomes, 30. Retrieved from http://www.rhizomes.net/issue30/mellstrom.html] who explores how intimacy may be productive in developing more nuanced understandings of masculinities. Inspired by this approach, this article explores how using Barad’s notion of intra-action as an analytical tool can facilitate a deeper exploration of men’s intimate relationships with technologies. The intra-action between the members of the local fire brigade and their firefighting tools is not a one-off encounter, but takes place continuously. Hence, while a tool – in a specific situation – becomes an integral part of the body and the identity of a group of people, it requires constant maintenance in order to accomplish successful fire extinctions.

  • 184.
    Harryson, Lisa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Genusforskninginom medicin: forsknings- och folkhälsopolitisk policy 2002-20122012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den medicinska genusforskningen i Sverige har sedan början av 1980-talet utvecklats från att befinna sig i periferin till att bli allt mer etablerad inom medicinen. Detta har bland annat medfört starkare fokus på maktanalyser, kritik mot uteslutande biologiska förklaringsmodeller och utveckling av teoribildning. Genusforskning inom medicin har bidragit till viktig kunskap om såväl kvinnors som mäns hälsa och sjukdom. Svensk genusforskning inom medicin är också på flera områden internationell föregångare både vad det gäller empiri- och teoriutvecklande forskning. Syftet med föreliggande rapport är att synliggöra hur stöd till genusintegrerad medicinsk forskning har skett via tre centrala myndigheter med betydelse för forskning och politik inom området genus inom medicin. De centrala myndigheterna är Vetenskapsrådet (VR), Forskningsrådet för arbetsliv och socialvetenskap (Fas) och Statens folkhälsoinstitut (FHI). Rapporten belyser processen från propositioner och regleringsbrev till utlysning och finansiering av genusforskning inom medicin. Detta görs genom analys av de två senaste forskningspolitiska propositionerna från år 2004 och 2008, samt av de folkhälsopolitiska propositionerna från 2002 och 2007. Därefter analyseras regleringsbreven för Vetenskapsrådet, Forskningsrådet för arbetsliv och socialvetenskap sam Statens folkhälsoinstitut under dessa år och i nästa steg den särskilda swatsningen på kvinnors hälsa som genomfördes år 2007. Slutligen görs en sökning efter projektbeskrivningar för genusforskning inom medicin i databaserna vid VR och Fas. Rapporten visar att skrivningarna kring behovet av genusforskning inom medi-cinområdet kraftigt har försvagats inom både forskningspolitisk och folkhälsopo-litisk policy under de senaste tio åren. Betydelsen av och satsningar på genusforsk-ning har under denna tidsperiod smalnats av till att framförallt handla om kvinnor och kvinnors hälsa. Även om satsningar på kvinnors hälsa forskningsmässigt inte behöver stå i motsatsförhållande till genusforskning inom medicin, utan tvärtom rymmer stora möjligheter till den samma, visar analysen av den särskilda satsningen på kvinnors hälsa att den endast innebär ett svagt stöd för genusforskning inom medicin. Samtidigt har varken VR, Fas eller FHI idag något uppdrag som rör kvinnors hälsa. Av de tre myndigheterna är det endast VR som genom den forskningspolitiska propositionen har ett uppdrag att finansiera genusforskning, men myndigheten tilldelas inte några särskilda medel för det. Idag finns det inte några politiska riktlinjer för ett systematiskt arbete med genusperspektiv inom medicin, som följaktligen inte är en prioriterad forsknings- eller folkhälsopolitisk inriktning. Detta innebär att möjligheterna att vidareutveckla genusforskning inom medicin begränsas, liksom kunskapen om hur ojämlikheter i hälsa kan förbyggas. Svensk genusforskning inom medicin är å ena sidan är en internationell konkurrenskraftig forskningsinriktning med hög kvalitet, men samtidigt ett ungt och tvärvetenskapligt ämne utan säker förankring i akademin å den andra. I ljuset av detta är det särskilt anmärkningsvärt att regeringens forsknings- och folkhälsopolitiska satsningar på genusforskning inom medicin har prioriterats bort.

  • 185.
    Harryson, Lisa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Husligt arbejde, ligestilling og sundhed i en dansk kontekst: teoretiske perspektiver, empiriske analyser og metodologiske refleksioner2016In: Ulighed i sundhed: nye humanistiske og samfundsvidenskabelige perspektiver / [ed] Sine Lehn-Christiansen, Anne Liveng, Betina Dybbroe, Mari Holen, Nicole Thualagant, Iben Charlotte Aamann og Birgitta Nordenhof, Fredriksberg: Frydenlund Academic , 2016, 1, p. 229-256Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [da]

    Ligesom i det øvrige Norden har kvinder og mænd i Danmark erhvervsarbejde i næsten samme omfang, men befinder sig i forskellige jobtyper og i forskellige positioner på arbejdsmarkedet (Fagan & Burchell, 2012). Samtidig er det kvinderne, der udfører hovedparten af det ulønnede arbejde i hjemmet (Harryson et al., 2012; Craig & Mullan, 2010). Uligheder på disse områder betyder, at kvinder og mænd udsættes for forskellige arbejdsmiljøer og ansvar på jobbet såvel som i hjemmet, hvilket igen kan medføre kønnede konsekvenser for sundhedstilstanden (Elwér et al., 2013, Harryson et al., 2012). I dette kapitel undersøger jeg relationerne mellem husligt arbejde, ligestilling og sundhed ud fra et folkesundhedsperspektiv og ved hjælp af kønsmagtteorier. Kapitlet består af tre overordnede dele. I den første del beskrives de teoretiske perspektiver, som bruges til at forstå, hvordan ulønnet arbejde i hjemmet kan være relateret til god eller dårlig sundhed. Denne del beskriver folkesundhedsperspektivet, kønsmagtteorier og sundhedsdefinitioner. Den anden del inkluderer en empirisk undersøgelse, som bygger på spørgeskemaundersøgelser, som kvinder og mænd i Danmark har besvaret. Her beskrives de analysemetoder, som er blevet anvendt, og de resultater, man har fundet frem til, bliver diskuteret. Kapitlet afsluttes med metodologiske refleksioner over, hvordan kønsmagtteorier og socialepidemiologiske metoder kan bidrage til at forstå betydningen af ulønnet arbejde i hjemmet ud fra et folkesundhedsperspektiv.

  • 186.
    Harryson, Lisa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Elwér, Sofia
    Västerbottens läns landsting.
    Mer jämställt mindre sjukskriving? En epidemiologisk studie om jämställdhet och sjukskrivning på arbetsplatser.2017In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 38, no 1-2, p. 99-120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses how sick leave among women and men are related to patterns of gender equality at the workplace. The study is based on register data from the  Longitudinal integration database for health insurance and labor studies (LISA), and includes 520 workplaces for 134 450 people. Indicators of gender equality at the workplace consist of women to men ratio in terms of number of employees, salaries, education and parental leave. Cluster analysis is used to identify patterns of gender equality. Differences in women’s and men’s sick leave are analysed by chi-square test and logistic regression analyses.

    The analysis compares sick leave between six clusters of workplaces with different patterns of gender equality: 1) unequal with higher scores for men, 2) majority of women and equal salary, 3) equal salary and more parental leave for men, 4) unequal with equal representation, 5) equal in divergent spheres, 6) traditionally unequal. None of the clusters were completely gender equal, but the result of the analysis shows that the most gender equal workplaces have the lowest level of sick leave. For both women and men, the odds for sick leave are higher in workplaces with a majority of women that otherwise are relatively gender equal. For men, the odds for sick leave were higher at traditionally gender unequal workplaces.

    An equal representation of women and men at the workplace does not necessarily imply gender equality in other aspects such as salary, education and parental leave. More gender equal workplaces yet have lower risk of sick leave for both women and men, even though women consistently have higher rates of sick leave. A multidimensional approach to gender inequality at the workplace is important for understanding the skewed distribution of sickness absence between women and men in the general population.

  • 187.
    Hatje, Ann-Katrin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Historiens mångfald: presentation av pågående forskning vid Institutionen för historiska studier, Umeå universitet2004Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 188.
    Hedberg, Charlotta
    Department of Human Geography, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    'Doing gender' in the wild berry industry: transforming the role of Thai women in rural Sweden 1980–20122016In: The European Journal of Women's Studies, ISSN 1350-5068, E-ISSN 1461-7420, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 169-184Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    'Doing gender' has often been used as the theoretical entrance for research on gender issues in the social sciences. However, research has been accused of using the concept in a 'ceremonial' way, treating gendered structures as static. In response to this claim, this article investigates the process of 'hierarchization', or how gendered and racial hierarchies occur through everyday practices and political and economic contexts in the rural, wild berry industry in contemporary Sweden. The industry has gone through a thorough transformation, from irregular and small-scale production to regularized and large-scale production, which has affected the intersection of gender and racial structures. In particular, Thai women have gone from being active participants both as entrepreneurs and as workers, to working under native men, or being passive receivers of men's remittances. The mechanisms behind the intersection of gender and racial structures are a complex interplay of economic, social and institutional factors, which act on nested global, national and translocal scales.

  • 189.
    Heith, Anne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Comparative Literature and Scandinavian Languages.
    Den avslöjande slöjdebatten: visar en fördomsfull bild av muslimska kvinnor som offer och förtryckta2006Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 190.
    Hene, Birgitta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    "Den dyrkade Lasse och stackars lilla Lotta": en syntaktisk-semantisk studie av personbeskrivande adjektiv och adverb i populära ungdomsböcker1984Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of this study is to examine how characterizations of persons in books for children and adolescents relate to traditional sex role patterns and to determine if there is any difference in this respect between books for girls and books for boys as well as between popular books and quality books.Eight books for girls, eight books for boys, and four books for both girls and boys are examined. From these books 8,268 adjectives, adverbs, and participles which characterize persons or aspects of persons were excerpted. These excerpts have been categorized with regard to syntactic function into attributive adjectives, predicative adjectives, and adverbials, and with regard to meaning as to membership in semantic fields on different levels.The most frequent syntactic category in the material is "predicative" (42.8%), followed by "attributive" (33.4%). Female characters are more often described by predicative adjectives than are male characters, while the opposite is true of attributive adjectives. The choice of syntactic category seems to be determined more by what property or state the lexical item refers to, however, than by the sex of the character described.The semantic fields with the largest number of excerpts are MENTAL PROPERTIES AND STATES (32.9%), SOCIABILITY (15.0%), DRESS AND APPEARANCE (14.7%), and PACE AND MOVEMENTS (11.4%). These fields also dominate within the different categories of books and the descriptions of female and male characters respectively.Traditional sex role patterns are most obvious in characterizations of role characters with respect to their role in society and their relation to other people. Female characters are, e.g., almost exclusively described with respect to their private lives, while male characters are described in terms of their position in society. In the books for boys male characters are attributed a negative or rejecting attitude to their environment, while female characters are attributed a more positive or accepting attitude.The most traditional impression of the opposite sex is conveyed by the books for boys-to the extent that any such impression is conveyed at all by these books. The books for boys have very few female characters and very few descriptions of them. In general, male characters dominate in the books and it is clearly shown that to be a boy or man is more highly regarded than to be a girl or woman.No general differences between popular books and quality literature emerged from the analyses performed. Traditional sex role patterns are equally pronounced in the two types of books, even if there are differences between individual books.

  • 191.
    Henriksson, Tommy
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Physiological- and Socio-Cultural Conditions for Performance in Women's Ice Hockey2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The ice hockey community is founded on masculine norms and values, and the hockey rink is often described as “the home of men’s ice hockey”. Despite a growing popularity, women’s ice hockey has low priority in comparison to the men’s game. On top of that, the women’s game does not allow body checking, which makes it deviant from what some see as “the real game of ice hockey”. The checking prohibition causes physiological requirements to differ from the men’s game, and since women are underrepresented in ice hockey research, not much is known regarding the physiological- and socio-cultural conditions of women’s ice hockey. The overall aim of this doctoral thesis is to investigate physiological- and socio-cultural conditions important for performance in women’s ice hockey.

    Methods: This thesis is unique in terms of the interdisciplinary approach between physiology and gender science, and the inclusion of studies based on both qualitative and quantitative research methods. Qualitative thematic interviews with ice hockey coaches from Sweden, Canada, and the United States were used to explore socio-cultural conditions in relation to performance and sport development (Paper I). Relative age effect (RAE) in relation to maturity status was examined through anthropometric measurements and a player questionnaire (Paper II). Physiological field- and laboratory assessments were used to investigate physiological conditions and performance in female competitive ice hockey players from Sweden (Paper III-IV), and players from Canada (Paper IV).

    Results: The findings from Paper I suggest that coaches need to maintain a holistic approach to coaching to be able to coordinate and optimize the effects based on available conditions. Socio-cultural conditions, such as structural and financial support, are mentioned as important to support opportunities in women’s ice hockey. Furthermore, the results (Paper I) show that female players in Canada and the United States have superior opportunities compared to female players in Sweden. These advantages are mainly attributed to the support provided by the North American education systems. The findings from Paper II suggest that the relative age effect (RAEs) in women’s hockey are also influenced by socio-cultural conditions. Significant RAE (p<.05) was found for Swedish players born in the third quartile (Q3) and for Canadian player born in the second quartile (Q2). Players born in the fourth quartile (Q4) are significantly (p<.05) underrepresentated in both countries. Players tend to be average or late maturers, but no differences can be found by country or position. The findings from Paper III show that field-based assessments are comparable to laboratory assessments with the purpose of predicting skating performance. The Prediction models accounted for 13.6 % to 42 % (laboratory-based models) and 24.4 to 66.3 % (field-based models) of the variance in skating time. Regardless of assessment method, uni-lateral assessments are superior to bi-lateral assessments. The results support the use of field-based assessments in Paper IV. The findings from Paper IV show various physiological profiles for female Swedish and Canadian players. Swedish players had less body fat (p=.007), more lean mass (p=.005), and greater aerobic fitness measured with the20-meter shuttle run beep test (p=<.001). Canadian players had greater maximal isometric leg strength (p=.026), exhibit a greater running acceleration (p=<.001), performed better in single leg standing long jumps (right leg p=.002, left leg p=.030), and showed better anaerobic endurance (p=.029) on- ice. No significant differences can be found between forwards and defenders.

    Conclusion: The findings of this study show that physiological- and socio-cultural conditions should both be considered in relation to performance in women’s ice hockey. For example, the various physiological profiles are probably an effect of the different socio-cultural conditions in Sweden and Canada. The Canadian profile may be better adapted to performance in ice hockey, but further research is needed to establish a relationship. Since women’s ice hockey often has somewhat limited resources, this knowledge may help optimize the effect of the available resources, and thus improve performance. Improved performance may have a positive long-term effect on the symbolic view of women’s ice hockey. Women can probably further optimize their physical performance in relation to their current conditions. But for permanent changes to occur, power structures in sport must also change. Women themselves have limited opportunities to affect the dominating gender norms and values in ice hockey.

  • 192.
    Henriksson, Tommy
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports medicine. The National Graduate School of Gender Studies.
    Fjellman-Wiklund, Anncristine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Gilenstam, Kajsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports medicine.
    Running a team is like laying a puzzle: Elite coaches' perspective on women's ice hockey2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 193.
    Hentschel, Linn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of Creative Studies (Teacher Education).
    Den könade sången: exempel från grundskolans musikundervisning2018In: Estetiska ämnen och genus / [ed] Eva Skåreus, Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2018, p. 145-159Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 194.
    Hjortfors, Lis-Marie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Laestadianismens importance for Sami identity in the Lule Sami area2016In: Gränser, mobilitet och mobilisering: Boundaries, mobility and mobilisation : Nationell konferens för genusforskning = Swedish conference for gender research / [ed] Silje Lundgren, Maja Lundqvist, Björn Pernrud, Göteborg: Nationella sekretariatet för genusforskning , 2016, p. 113-114Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 195.
    Holm, Hampus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    Maskuliniteter: En intervju- och observationsstudie av gymnasiepojkars konstruktion av maskulinitet2006Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen handlar om maskulinitetsbildning hos gymnasiepojkar i Sverige. Mitt syfte var att ta reda på vad maskulinitet kan vara och hur det uttrycks i skolan hos en grupp gymnasiepojkar. För att göra detta ville jag beskriva och analysera hur pojkarna i en gymnasieklass diskuterade begreppen manlighet, kvinnlighet, vänskap och kärlek och hur de agerade i skolan inom dessa teman. Jag ville även se om det i dessa sammanhang fanns en hegemonisk maskulinitet i pojkgruppen och vilka uttryck den i så fall tog sig i pojkarnas relation till varandra. Som sista forskningsfråga ville jag ta reda på om andra maskuliniteter än den hegemoniska visade sig, och om så var fallet, hur gruppen hanterade dessa. Jag använde mig av en poststrukturalistisk teori av Robert Connell som beskriver maskulinitet som en social konstruktion i en diskurs där olika maskuliniteter rangordnas och definieras av en hegemonisk maskulinitet. För att kunna observera maskulinitetsbildningen hos gymnasiepojkar använde jag en kvalitativ metod med deltagande observationer och intervjuer. Materialet analyserade jag med hjälp av Nigel Edleys diskursanalysapparat som innefattar nyckelbegreppen tolkningsrepertoarer, ideologiska dilemman och subjektens position. Resultatet visade att pojkarna uttrycker två olika tolkningsrepertoarer där den ena innebar en medveten och uttalad vilja att ifrågasätta och bryta mot traditionella heteronormativa mönster. Den andra tolkningsrepertoaren visade en mer traditionell heterosexuell könsroll med manlig överordning och en tydlig dikotomi mellan könen. Inom denna repertoar visade sig en hierarki med olika positioner där en pojkes brott mot den manliga normen genom att bete sig som en tjej medförde den lägsta positionen. Repertoaren hade en hegemonisk position då den kunde definiera och positionera andra subjekt. De två maskuliniteterna var tätt sammanflätade och även om vissa pojkar var mer benägna åt endera hållet så visade samtliga pojkar prov på båda.

  • 196.
    Holmberg Yamada, Elin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Enjoying freedom or priced out of parenthood?: Attitudes to childlessness on Japanese Internet forums2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Declining birth rate in Japan has been acknowledged as a demographic crisis since the 1970s. Higher education and better jobs has given women freedom and alternatives to starting a family, and some say the value of marriage and children has decreased overall. This study explored attitudes towards childlessness on Japanese Internet forums in order to understand why Japan, a country with continually persistent and conservative gender roles, can experience such a drastic population decline. Especially since this phenomenon seems paradoxical in relation to women’s traditional roles in society. This paper has explored how people spoke about childlessness and two major discourses emerged. The attitudes were categorized into a modern versus a traditional discourse on childlessness. Money, conservative gender roles and relationships were identified as important reasons affecting the decision to have children or not. However, only money seemed as a rationale behind childlessness accepted in both discourses.

  • 197.
    Holmqvist, Sam
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    "Bonde söker fru" är det queeraste som finns2018Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 198.
    Holmqvist, Sam
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Conditions of a Feminine Man: Rumors of a “Hermaphrodite” Pastrycook in Nineteenth-Century Sweden2019In: Men and Masculinities, ISSN 1097-184X, E-ISSN 1552-6828Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The pastrycook Aron Forss was a well-known person in his hometown Uppsala in the 1840’s and 1850’s, famous both for his popular café and for his femininity. This article analyses the rumors that surrounded his person, using paintings, newspaper clippings, and memoirs written by his former customers. Through his business, Forss could lay claim on normative masculinity through the rousing bourgeois ideals of financial success and craftsmanship. Being a successful businessman was a way of securing social acceptance and respectability. However, it was apparently not enough. In order to sustain his business, Forss was forced to put up with harassments. Some of his costumers treated him much like other women in public places were treated—as objects of sexual advance. Several of Forss’s contemporaries describe him with particular fascination. By describing Forss as a spectacle, he is made an exception to the rules of social appropriateness.

  • 199.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Citizenship as 'lived experience' in the city: connecting the material and the emotional aspects of citizenship in the right to the city2013In: Tracing the women-friendly welfare state: gendered politics of everyday life in Sweden / [ed] Åsa Gunnarsson, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2013, 1, p. 99-121Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 200.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Rönnblom, MalinUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Karlstad University.Teghtsoonian, KatherineUniversity of Victoria, Canada.
    Gender, governance and feminist post-structuralist analysis: missing in action?2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This edited volume presents critical scholarship analysing governance practices in diverse jurisdictions in Europe and North America, at multiple scales, and in relation to several different arenas of policy and practice. The contributors address shortcomings in the mainstream literature on governance within the discipline of political science.

    The volume as a whole is marked by geographical and topical diversity. However, what the individual chapters have in common is that each considers whether and how gender, racialized identity, and/or other axes of marginalization are visible within the conceptualizations and/or practices of governance under discussion.

    Drawing together insights and conceptual tools from both feminist and post-structuralist frameworks in analysing governance practices, this volume will be of great interest to scholars and graduates who engage with feminist and/or post-structural analysis of policy and governance. It will also be of use to critical policy scholars in anthropology, geography, sociology, and women's studies.

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  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf