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  • 151.
    Nowak, Ethan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Language loss and Illocutionary Silencing2019In: Mind (Print), ISSN 0026-4423, E-ISSN 1460-2113, article id fzz051Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The twenty-first century will witness an unprecedented decline in the diversity of the world’s languages. While most philosophers will likely agree that this decline is lamentable, the question of what exactly is lost with a language has not been systematically explored in the philosophical literature. In this paper, I address this lacuna by arguing that language loss constitutes a problematic form of illocutionary silencing. When a language disappears, past and present speakers lose the ability to realize a range of speech acts that can only be realized in that language. With that ability, speakers lose something in which they have a fundamental interest: their standing as fully empowered members of a linguistic community.

  • 152.
    Odlander, Lennart
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Prosodisk läsning: En studie om elever med lässvårigheter i årskurs 3.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to expand the understanding what prosody looks like for primary school children with reading difficulties. In doing so, the study investigates the relationships in prosody between  children with high skilled reading and low skilled reading. The study uses spectograms to measure the prosodic characteristics in 7- to  9-year old children. Reading comprehension and word decoding were assessed. The investigation reveales that children with reading difficulties produce more intrasentential pauses, and their reading is characterized by flat intonation patterns. The prosodic patterns suggests that the pupils do not percieve the grammatical information encoded in the test sentences. The study provides evidence that reading prosody seems to be related to reading comprehension. This finding is also supported in previous research.

  • 153. Okonski, Lacey
    Sarcasm in the age of Trump2017In: American Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0002-9556, E-ISSN 1939-8298, Vol. 130, no 4, p. 526-532Article, book review (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Alec Baldwin helped many Americans come to terms with Trump's election as the President of the United States by playing a satirical Trump. In one of his first Saturday Night Live (SNL) speeches, he begins by stating, "Yes, this is real life, this is really happening." He continues on stating with a sarcastic tone: "We have got some of the biggest performers in the world lined up. Hold onto your tits and bits because we have got Three Doors Down." Today, figurative language and sarcasm are more relevant than ever. Whether people are looking for comedic relief, blaming comedians for Trump's rise to power, or trying to decipher what exactly Trump meant in his latest tweet, theories of sarcasm are necessary tools for social scientists, political analysts, and comedians alike. After nearly two decades, John Haiman's "Talk Is Cheap: Sarcasm, Alienation, and the Evolution of Language" remains a valuable tool as an encyclopedia of sarcasm, enumerating the ways in which speakers use and mark its expression. This book also serves as a great resource for literary and cross-linguistic examples of the various facets of sarcasm. For the purposes of this review, we will focus on sarcasm in the English language, specifically using the sarcasm surrounding President Trump as a case study.

  • 154.
    Okonski, Lacey
    et al.
    Universidade Federal do Minas Gerais – UFMG, Minas Gerais, Brasil.
    Ferreira, Luciane Corrêa
    Gonna be on my fucking period in boomtown, souuuunndd thanks Mother Nature: using Twitter to find multimodal creativity and embodied instant metaphors2019In: Signo, ISSN 0101-1812, E-ISSN 1982-2014, Vol. 44, no 79, p. 122-134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using social media in linguistic and socio-linguistic research is becoming more prevalent, but how does it compare to other methods? We argue that Twitter has some multimodal advantages including providing cognitive linguistic researchers with multimodal data and also in providing "instant" metaphors that are elicited from very specific contexts and bodily experiences. We first review some cognitive data that summarizes the embodied, online nature of language processing and then we present data from 3 different corpora: a COCA corpus, a laboratory experiment, and a corpus made from Twitter data. These methods are compared and discussed in terms of ease of use and contributions to questions of interest for cognitive linguists. Results show that the twitter data is relatively easy to collect, contains many multimodal data points, and also elicits "instant" metaphors that are difficult to find/elicit using other methods.

  • 155.
    Okonski, Lacey
    et al.
    University of California, Santa Cruz, Dept. of Psychology, Santa Cruz, CA, USA.
    Gibbs, Raymond W.
    Diving into the Wreck: can people resist allegorical meaning?2019In: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, E-ISSN 1879-1387, Vol. 141, p. 28-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Allegory refers to one type of narrative that can be interpreted to reveal an additional layer of pragmatic, metaphorical meaning beyond what appears on the surface. For example, the poem, "Diving into the Wreck," by Adrienne Rich, describes a scuba diver going down to explore a wrecked ship. Although the poem describes diverse, specific actions, it also invites an allegorical interpretation in which the investigation of a wrecked ship symbolically represents one person's look back at a past, failed, romantic relationship, among other possibilities. We investigated whether ordinary readers are capable of inferring allegorical messages when reading Rich's poem. Three studies prompted participants to read the poem in a literal way (as though the poem is about scuba diving), in a metaphorical way (as though the poem is about a failed relationship), or with no guidance or prompt (control condition). Participants were randomly placed in one of these three groups. After reading the poem, each participant wrote their interpretation of the poem. An analysis of participants' protocols revealed a strong tendency to interpret the poem allegorically, even whenthey were strongly pushed to think about it in purely literal terms. Interpreting allegory also involves embodied simulation processes in which readers engage in the actions mentioned in the language. These findings support the idea that people possess an "allegorical impulse" in which they routinely interpret many human actions and events as referring to broader, symbolic allegorical themes.

  • 156.
    Olsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
    Sullivan, Kirk P. H.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Provoking Dominance Shift in a Bilingual Swedish-American English 4-Year-Old Child2005In: ISB4: proceedings of the 4th international symposium on nilingualism / [ed] James Cohen, Kara T. McAlister, Kellie Rolstad, and Jeff MacSwan, Somerville, MA, USA: Cascadilla Press, 2005, p. 1750-1764Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 157.
    Orava Anderson, Heidi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Kick the Bucket or Cash in One's Chips: An analysis of some English slang expressions for dying2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research analyses some of the slang expressions with the meaning ‘to die’ found in Dictionary of Modern Slang with regard to metaphor and metonymy and whether they have been active when creating the identified slang expressions. It further examines the frequency of these expressions in a large language corpus, and identifies the processes involved in the most frequent expressions. The main findings show that the domain ‘departure’ is the most frequent domain for metaphorical conceptualizations of dying, which suggests that death, like life, can be viewed as a journey. One can speculate that this metaphorical mapping could go back to religious origin, where death is not seen as the end. Several of the expressions are still used within the English language, and the most frequent expressions in the corpus were metonymic in nature and have developed into idiomatic phrases, which are frozen in form.

  • 158.
    Pedraza, Yuli
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    “Me gusta el español, pero no lo hablo.”: Un estudio de la fluidez en estudiantes de Español como Lengua Extranjera (ELE) en Jönköping, Suecia.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is an investigation about the fluency level in Spanish that Swedish students have gotten after studying the course B2 advanced level of Spanish. We used the scale that the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages of the Counsel of Europe has made for the schools.

    At the same time the results of this investigation could show the motivation level of the students of Spanish in relation to the quality of speech and fluency. It was possible through a conversational test, where they were interviewed by a Spanish speaker interviewer, who asked questions and recorded them.

    It was done in most of the high schools in Jönköping, Sweden, where Spanish is taught as a modern language. We used a qualitative and quantitative method, to show if the conversational level that the students have, responds to the requirements that the Swedish education ministry (Skolverket) and the Counsel of Europe expects.

  • 159.
    Perlman, Marcus
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison.
    Clark, Nathaniel
    Psychology Department, University of California, Santa Cruz.
    Johansson Falck, Marlene
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Iconic prosody in story reading2015In: Cognitive science, ISSN 0364-0213, E-ISSN 1551-6709, Vol. 39, no 6, p. 1348-1368Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent experiments have shown that people iconically modulate their prosody corresponding with the meaning of their utterance (e.g., Shintel et al., 2006). This article reports findings from a story reading task that expands the investigation of iconic prosody to abstract meanings in addition to concrete ones. Participants read stories that contrasted along concrete and abstract semantic dimensions of speed (e.g., a fast drive, slow career progress) and size (e.g., a small grasshopper,an important contract). Participants read fast stories at a faster rate than slow stories, and big stories with a lower pitch than small stories. The effect of speed was distributed across the stories,including portions that were identical across stories, whereas the size effect was localized to size related words. Overall, these findings enrich the documentation of iconicity in spoken language and bear on our understanding of the relationship between gesture and speech.

  • 160.
    Poussa, Patricia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    The futhark and the fur trade: on the adaptation of an alphabet by its users2004In: The Proceedings of the 20th Scandinavian Conference of Linguistics / [ed] Fred Karlsson, Helsinki: University of Helsinki, Department of General Linguistics , 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 161.
    Poussa, Patricia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    The motivation of where and what as relative markers in north Norfolk2004In: An International Master of Syntax & Semantics: papers presented to Aimo Seppänen on the occasion of his 75th birthday / [ed] Gunnar Bergh, Jennifer Herriman & Mats Mobärg, Göteborg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, 2004, Vol. 88, p. 181-188Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 162. Rahimi, Ali
    et al.
    Gheitasi, Parvin
    The interface between English teachers’ sense of efficacy and their feedback on learners’ writing, and learners’ writing achievement2010In: Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, ISSN 1877-0428, E-ISSN 1877-0428, Vol. 5, p. 1932-1938Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Given that providing feedback for learners’ writings is a crucial and meaningful task for language teachers, the researcher intended to study the impact of the perceived sense of efficacy of the language on their practice in responding to learners’ writings. To this end, a questionnaire of self efficacy was administered to 10 female teachers of advanced level. They were divided into two groups of teachers with high versus low sense of efficacy. In addition, 157 homogenized subjects who were already enrolled in these teachers’ English classrooms were selected for the study. The teachers assigned a writing task with the same topic to their learners. The papers were collected and checked by the teachers the following session. Then the researcher analyzed the number and the type of the feedback points given on each paper. Afterwards a post test was administered to determine their writing achievement. Based on the results, the relationship between English teachers’ sense of efficacy and the feedbacks on form and content of the writings and also those in the form of general comments turned out to be statistically significant. Besides, it was shown that there was a statistically significant difference between the mean scores of the writing achievement of the students in each group.

  • 163.
    Reichenberg, Monica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Går det att skriva lättlästa versioner av Astrid Lindgrens böcker?2012In: Dyslexi, ISSN 1401-2480, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 20-21Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 164.
    Rooswall Persson, Gun
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Comparative Literature and Scandinavian Languages.
    Lärande samtal: elevers kollektiva textbygge i samband med diktskrivande2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe and interpret the process by which pupils collectivelybuild a text during discussion of a group task. The study also has two further aims: firstly toexemplify task-oriented, interactionist and genre-specific conversational moves; and secondly todescribe, interpret and compare symmetric and asymmetric co-operative and competitive conversationalmoves, and laughter, in the interaction. At the same time, the way in which the participantsconstruct gender is also discussed.In spring 1997, conversations with pupils were video recorded; the pupils being in the finalyear of compulsory education at school. The pupils were divided up into six groups of fourpupils. The groups were determined according to gender, two all-girl groups, two all-boygroups and two mixed groups. By dividing the groups in this way gender aspects were takeninto account. The conversations of each group were recorded on three separate occasions withouta teacher being present. The task which the pupils were given was to talk about and write apoem together. The conversations were then transcribed, described and interpreted.The results showed the pupils in the different groups used different conversational stylesduring problem-solving. This was partly dependent on whether the group was all girls, all boys,or a mixed group. The pupils' conversational styles and the groups' conversational patternswere categorised and evaluated according to their didactic function.This study belongs to the field of research called "Swedish at School." It deals specificallywith interaction, function and learning in pupils' collective text-building as they solve a problemthrough discussion. Learning in these problem-solving group discussions is promoted bythe four-dimensional conversational style i.e. dominant, asymmetric, task-oriented and grouporiented,being shown by at least one pupil whose style is accepted by the group. The criteriaused in these learning conversations can also become a support for teachers when forminggroups. Group discussions are generally regarded by teachers as providing excellent occasionsfor pupils to learn. However, the study also shows that this type of activity can be pedagogicallycomplicated for the teacher to lead, and it is not always an effective way for pupils to learn.

  • 165.
    Rosenberg, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Abstract concepts in development: spontaneous production of complex words in Swedish child language2019In: Perspectives on abstract concepts: cognition, language and communication / [ed] Marianna Bolognesi and Gerard J. Steen, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2019, p. 241-261Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For young children, grasping abstract concepts and words poses a challenge. This chapter reports a case-study in which I discuss the abstract concepts expressed by complex words (440 types) by a Swedish girl (1–3 years). The data show that complex adjectives expressing evaluative content emerged prior age 2. These types of adjectives might thus be one step towards the learning of abstract concepts. The child’s novel compounds, combining concepts on several variables, are proof of her ability to gradually abstract away from perception-based reality. They can therefore be another means in the process of building abstract representation. In conclusion, this study confirms a view of abstract representation being built up gradually by relying on multiple factors such as linguistic, experiential, and contextual information.

  • 166.
    Rosenberg, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk, Avdelningen för franska och italienska.
    Agentive Nominal Compounds: French VN vs. Swedish NV-are, NV-a, NV and VN2009In: Universals and Typology in Word-Formation. Teaching Materials, Dvd. / [ed] R. Gregová, L. Körtvélyessy & Tomaščíková, S., Slovakien: Slovak Association for the Study of English - SKASE , 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 167.
    Rosenberg, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk.
    Classification, Headedness and Pluralization: Corpus Evidence from French Compounds2007In: Acta Linguistica Hungarica, Vol. 54, no 3, p. 341-360Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the relation between headedness and pluralization in French compounds attested in a newspaper corpus. It leans on the classification of compounds proposed by Bisetto and Scalise (2005) that distinguishes between subordinate, attributive or coordinate, and additionally, endocentric or exocentric. However, as to what item constitutes a compound in French, it follows the much more restricted definition of Corbin (1992), inter alia . My result indicates that French compounds exhibit double marking, i.e., both on the head and externally, as to pluralization. In a larger perspective, this result can indicate a tendency towards external pluralization in French.

  • 168.
    Rosenberg, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    French Translations of Swedish NN Compounds: With Special Focus on Translation Techniques2016In: Meaning in translation: Illusion of precision / [ed] Larisa Ilynska & Marina Platonova, Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2016, p. 261-280Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines Swedish NN compounds and their French translations in a bidirectional parallel corpus. A total of 1,741 Swedish NN compounds were attested and 81% corresponded to N or to N A or N de (Det) N constructions in French. The frequency of Swedish NN compounds differs depending on whether the text is source text or target text as well as on text genre (fiction vs. non-fiction) and the style of the author or translator. This work has also classified 1,027 French translations of Swedish NN compounds based on their translation technique. Established equivalent was by far the most frequent technique followed by Generalization. The remaining techniques, such as Modulation, Transposition,and Explicitation, were rarely used. A conclusion drawn from this work is that it is difficult to maintain a strict division between translation studies and contrastive linguistics in an analysis of word formation and translation techniques.

  • 169.
    Rosenberg, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Inst. f. franska, italienska och klassiska språk.
    La formation agentive en français: les composés [VN/A/Adv/P]N/A et les dérivé™s V-ant, V-eur et V-oir(e)2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses the French morphological construction [VN/A/Adv/P]N/A. The main objectives are to posit a single rule for its formation and to question the implications of the agent polysemy. The theoretical framework is lexeme-based morphology, which adheres to weak lexicalism.

    The first part of our analysis is qualitative and concerns the availability aspect of productivity. The method is introspective. The internal semantic patterns of the French construction are examined. Our results give evidence for the claim that a single morphological construction rule, [VN/A/Adv/P]N/A, is responsible for the cases where the first constituent is a verb stem, and the second constituent may correspond to an internal argument, an external argument or a semantic adjunct. All cases manifest the same patterns, which are related to the denotative meanings included in the agent polysemy: Agent, Instrument, Locative, Action, Result and Cause. Our contrastive analysis shows that the same patterns are found in the four Swedish agentive formations, [N/A/Adv/PV-are]N, [N/A/Adv/PV]N, [N/A/Adv/PV-a]N and [VN]N, which correspond to the French [VN/A/Adv/P]N/A construction and which also contain a verbal constituent and its internal or external argument, or an adjunct.

    The second part of our analysis is quantitative and concerns the profitability aspect of productivity. The method is inductive. The aim is to explore the polysemy of agent and its assumed hierarchical structure, in synchrony and diachrony. Four French agentive formations, [VN/A/Adv/P]N/A compounds and V-ant, V-eur and V-oir(e) derivations, are included in order to examine semantic competition and blocking effects. Our results give evidence for the existence of an agent polysemy but deny that it has a hierarchical structure valid for every agentive formation. The meanings in the agent polysemy are more or less profitable according to formation type: blocking effects could explain this behaviour.

  • 170.
    Rosenberg, Maria
    Stockholm universitet, Inst. f. franska, italienska och klassiska språk.
    Les composés francais VN: Aspects sémantiques2011In: Revue Romane, ISSN ISSN 0035-3906, EISSN 1600-0811, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 69-88Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses the semantics of French VN compounds within a lexeme-based and lexicalistic approach to morphology. The N constituent can correspond to one of the two semantic macroroles: PATIENT (ouvre-boîte) or ACTOR (croque-monsieur). In addition, there is a special type of unproductive VN compound in which the N is a hyperonym of the hyponym compound (gratte-boësse). The study confirms that there are no strict constraints on the V and the N: the four Aktionsarten, as well as unaccusative and inergative Vs, are accepted. Moreover, it shows that the compounds are formed by different semantic patterns : Agent/Experiencer, Instrument, Locative, Causative, Event and Patient/Theme. The Agent/Experiencer and Instrument patterns in which the N is a PATIENT are the most productive ones.

  • 171.
    Rosenberg, Maria
    Stockholm universitet, Inst. f. franska, italienska och klassiska språk.
    Lexical Representation of Agentive Nominal Compounds in French and Swedish.2010In: Research in Computing Science, Special Issue: Natural Language Processing and its Applications, ISSN 1870-4069, Vol. 46, no Special Issue, p. 3-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses the lexical representation of French VN andSwedish NV-areagentive nominal compounds. The objective is to examinetheir semantic structure and output meaning. The analysis shows that, as a resultof their semantic structure, the compounds group into some major outputmeanings. Most frequently, the N constituent corresponds to an Undergoer inthe argument structure of the V constituent, and the compound displays anActor role, which more precisely denote entities such as Persons, Animals,Plants, Impersonals, Instruments or Locatives, specified in the Telic role in theQualia. We propose that the Agentive role can be left unspecified with regard toaction modality. In conclusion, our study proposes a unified semantic accountof the French and Swedish compounds, which can have applications for NLPsystems, particularly for disambiguation and machine translation tasks.

  • 172.
    Rosenberg, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    NV compounds in Swedish2012In: Modules and Interfaces / [ed] Bloch-Trojnar, Maria & Bloch-Rozmej, Anna, Lublin: Wydawnictwo KUL , 2012, 1, p. 203-220Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 173.
    Rosenberg, Maria
    Stockholms univ., Inst. f. franska, italienska och klassiska språk.
    Polysémie et effets de blocage des formations agentives en français2010In: Actes du XXVe Congrès International de Linguistique et de Philologie Romanes, Innsbruck, 3-8 septembre 2007, T. 7 / [ed] M. Iliescu, P. Danler & H. M. Siller, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2010, p. 499-508Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 174.
    Rosenberg, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Semantic and formal structure: a corpus-based study of Swedish NN compounds and their French counterparts2013In: The semantics of word formation and lexicalization / [ed] Claire Thomas and Pius ten Hacken, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2013, 1, p. 102-120Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 175.
    Rosenberg, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk.
    Semantic structure and meaning within agentive nominal compounds: Evidence from French and Swedish2010In: Word Structure, ISSN 1750-1245, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 181-204Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses agentive nominal compounds in French and Swedish containing N and V constituents. French has only one such compound, VN, whereas Swedish has at least four, NV-are, NV-a, NV and VN. The study explores the semantic characteristics of their constituents and their semantic structures. Formal aspects are also considered within a lexeme-based morphology. The analysis shows that, although French and Swedish compounds differ formally, they share more or less the same semantics. Their V constituent takes one or more arguments, and their N constituents display several semantic roles. Semantically, the compounds generally denote an Actor of verbs taking two arguments, and the N constituents denote an Undergoer, except in Swedish VN compounds, which denote an entity which fills the same role as that of the N constituent, generally an Actor. Non argumental interpretations, such as Place or Event, are less frequent. In conclusion, the study can have typological value for the semantics of agentive nominal compounds.

  • 176.
    Rosenberg, Maria
    Stockholm University, Department of French, Italian and Classical Langua, Stockholm, Schweden.
    The polysemy of agent nouns: diachronic, synchronic and contrastive evidence from French and Swedish2011In: STUF - Language Typology and Universals, ISSN 1867-8319, Vol. 64, no 1, p. 53-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses Agent polysemy diachronically, synchronically, and contrastively. It examines the semantic structure of three French agentive formations, [VN/A]N/A compounds, and derivations with ‑eur and ‑ant. The semantics of four Swedish agentive formations which correspond to French [VN/A]N/A compounds are also studied. My results suggest that the polysemy of Agent is not uniformly hierarchically structured, with the Agent on top, for different agentive formations. They do not confirm that semantic extension emanates from the Agent. Instead, they speak in favour of blocking as the most plausible explanation for Agent polysemy and meaning extension.

  • 177.
    Rosenberg, Maria
    Stockholms univ., Inst. f. franska, italienska och klassiska språk.
    Une analyse sémantique des noms d’agent et d’instrument: les composés [VN/A]N/A et les dérivés en -€“eur2006In: XVIe Congrès des Romanistes Scandinaves / [ed] M. Olsen & E. H. Swiatek, Roskilde: Roskilde University, Department of Language and Culture , 2006, p. 1-13Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 178.
    Rosenberg, Maria
    Stockholm universitet, Inst. f. franska, italienska och klassiska språk.
    Étude contrastive des composés agentifs nominaux en français et en suédois2010In: Les Cahiers Sens Public, 13-14, 2010, p. 83-99Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 179.
    Rosenberg, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Mellenius, Ingmarie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Children’s novel NN compounding in Swedish diary data: function and form2018In: Morphology, ISSN 1871-5621, E-ISSN 1871-5656, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 229-252Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores formal aspects and functions of 420 novel noun-noun (NN) compounds in diary data from three Swedish children (1;9–6;11). With regard to form, the data show that the children’s compounds respect target head order, allow for a small amount of internal inflection, and, in more than half of the cases where a liaison form is required, are properly formed. Most of the compounds concatenate two nouns (without the presence of liaison forms), as is the general case for Swedish NN compounds. With regard to function, the data permit us to distinguish three main functions of the coinages: I. Novel compound instead of established term, II. Novel compound for novel category, and III. Novel compound for specific entity. Type I involves attempts to target conventional compounds by relying either on perceptual or functional features or on recalled semantic, phonological, and/or morphological cues. Type II is innovative compounding par excellence: detailed discriminations and fantasy concepts are named. Type III divides into anaphoric and deictic uses as well as what we call appropriation, i.e. naming a specific entity. Types II and III are functions displayed by novel compounds in general. In conclusion, the three children seem to master the central facets of NN compounds, formally and functionally. Furthermore, compound production can constitute a simple and efficient means for young children to maximize and build more structure into their lexicon.

  • 180.
    Rosenberg, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Mellenius, Ingmarie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Non-established NN compounding in child language as reflections of early categorization2016In: Lingue e linguaggio, ISSN 1720-9331, Vol. 1, p. 107-135Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses one aspect of conceptual development, viz. categorization, in connection with children’s compounding. It is based on diary data of 392 non-established NN compounds, spontaneously produced between age 1–6 by three Swedish children. The aim is to investigate in what domains their compounds, or conceptual combinations, are situated, and to analyse them with focus on categorization. We show that children use familiar items in compounding: more than one third of the N1s and N2s belong to the same morphological family. Taxonomically, the domains of food, clothes, animals and vehicles predominate among the compounds. The two major scripts are Eating and Getting dressed. Our data permits us to trace other categorization types as well, such as thematic, evaluative and ad hoc. Compounds relying on perceptual features, mainly shape and prints, do occur, notwithstanding that general background knowledge and abstract representations intervene. Tendencies to cross-classify entities are shown. Moreover, the children tend to subcategorize at a more detailed level than adults do, which might suggest that they have fewer, but more specified, categories in their so far limited lexicon. In conclusion, subcategorization by compounding can be seen as a powerful means for children to develop their conceptual system.

  • 181.
    Rosenberg, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Mellenius, Ingmarie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Swe-LARSP: a grammatical profile of Swedish2016In: Profiling grammar: more languages of LARSP / [ed] Paul Fletcher, Martin Ball and David Crystal, Bristol: Multilingual Matters, 2016, p. 42-63Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 182.
    Rosenberg, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Mellenius, Ingmarie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    What NN compounding in child language tells us about categorization2015In: Word Knowledge and Word Usage: Proceedings of the NetWordS Final Conference on Word Knowledge and Word Usage: Representations and Processes in the Mental Lexicon / [ed] Vito Pirrelli, Claudia Marzi & Marcello Ferro, Pisa: Institute for Computational Linguistics, National Research Council , 2015, p. 71-75Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 183.
    Rönmark, Walter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Wikström, Joel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen: elevernas språkanvändning och språkliga miljö1980Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A part of the project "Education in sparsely populated areas" financed by the National Board of Education is accounted for in this report. This investigation deals with the linguistic environment of the pupils of Torne-dalen. Which language (Finnish/Swedish) or languages do they use/come in contact with at school and in their spare time. 354 pupils (in grade 4) in the districts of Haparanda, Övertorneå and Pajala were interviewed and observed. The results show that the majority of the pupils, nearly always use Swedish. However, one exception is the home environment where Finnish is used somewhat more frequently especially in conversations with parents. Differences between densely and sparsely populated areas can be found. The use of the Finnish language is most frequent outside the densely populated areas. The linguistic environment of the pupils, however, is to a greater extent Finnish. Apart from coming in contact with the Finnish language in their homes the pupils also come in contact with the Finnish language via Finnish television, which is frequently watched by the children. No differences in the children's use of language as regards sex or social background could be found. When it comes to the parents there were, however, clear differences between social classes. Social class "3" (working class) uses the Finnish language more than the other social classes do. The conclusion which can be drawn from the results especially the comparison between the parents' and the children's language use, is that the use of the Finnish language is decreasing and will probably disappear within one or two generations.

  • 184.
    Rönmark, Walter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Wikström, Joel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen: elevernas språkkunskaper1980Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the project "Education in sparsely populated areas", financed by the National Board of Education, several different methods of measuring and describing the linguistic ability of the pupils (Swedish - Finnish) were used. In this report a study, where rating methods have been used (self rating and teacher rating) is accounted for.,354 pupils (in grade 4) in the districts of Haparanda, Övertorneå and Pajala took part. Two types of self rating methods were carried out, undifferentiated and differentiated rating respectively. The results show that the first method compared to the second one yields considerable overestimations of the linguistic ability. A comparison between pupil (i.e. self-) and teacher ratings shows a relatively high correlation. Approximately every fifth pupil considers himself or herself to have an average or above average ability of speaking Finnish, whereas every third pupil considers himself or herself able to understand the language to the same extent. Differences between the ability of the pupils regarding their residential areas (densely populated - sparsely populated areas) and social background were found but not as for sex. It is outside the densely populated areas and in "social group 3" (working class) that you will find the pupils who have the greatest knowledge of the Finnish language. Furthermore the results show that the ability of understanding Finnish is much greater than that of speaking it.

  • 185.
    Rönmark, Walter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Wikström, Joel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen: inledning och allmän bakgrund1980Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is the first out of six where investigations within the project Education in sparsely populated areas, financed by the National Board of Education, are accounted for. The project deals with problems of bilingualism in Tornedalen and aims at giving a description of the linguistic situation of the area e.g. by describing the pupils knowledge of Swedish and Finnish and by investigation if there is any correlation between school achievements (tests and marks) and the linguistic abilities of the pupils. Furthermore the aim is to construct tests and develop methods of measurement mainly to be able to reach the earlier mentioned aims. They may also be used in other bilingual investigations.The report begins with a short description of Tornedalen as regards migration and other population trends, economic structure and linguistic situation. In connection with this school and language policy is breifly dealt with. Reasearch on bilingualism in general and Tornedalen in particular is accounted for.The theoretical approaches of this work are described and finally a working model as a basis of the investigations carried out is accounted for.The population consisted of all the 354 pupils in- grade 4 in the districts of Haparanda, Övertorneå and Pajala. The compilation of data was done through combination of varions different methods e.g. interviews, observations and testings.The report ends with a description of the population with respect to - among other twings - sex, residential area, family situation, grade point-average and results on tests. It could be stated that the distribution in social classes is somewhat deviant from the national average while the differences as for tests and grades are slight.

  • 186.
    Rönmark, Walter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Wikström, Joel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen: mätning av kunskaper i finska1980Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As a part of the project "Education in sparsely populated areas" financed by the National Board of Education three studies aiming at measuring and describing the linguistic ability of the pupils were carried out. This report accounts for the results of three constructed tests, two of them measuring active abilities (test in knowledge of words and production of words) and the third a comprehension test. 354 pupils in grade 4 in the districts of Haparanda, över-torneå and Pajala took part. The reliability of the tests was acceptable. Achieved results support on the whole the results of previously made ratings (Rönmark & Wikström, 1980). No differences in linguistic ability as regards sex were obtained whereas differences were found regarding residential areas,densely populated areas - sparsely populated areas, and social class. The results show that the tests have a higher correlation with teacher ratings than pupil ratings. Further on within the project the test results will be the basis of a differentiation between on the one hand pupils with passive knowledge of Finnish and on the other harrd totally Swedish speaking pupils.

  • 187.
    Rönmark, Walter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Wikström, Joel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Tvåspråkighet i Tornedalen: sammanfattning och diskussion1980Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is a summary and a discussion of a research project on bilingualism in Tornedalen. Within the project "Education in sparsely populated areas", financed by the National Board of Education, a number of studies were carried out aiming at giving a description of the present linguistic situation (Swedish/Finnish) of the pupils in the comprehensive school. Another aim was to see if there was any correlation between school achievement and the linguistic abilities of the pupils (Swedish-Finnish) . In this connection the intention was also to develop methods of measurement and to construct tests. The basis of the work was a model originally developed by Spolsky (1974) and had in a broad sense a "sociology of language" approach. The population consisted of all the 354 pupils in grade 4 in the district of Haparanda, Övertorneå and Paj ala. The gathering of data in which combination of different methods such as interviews, observations and testings were used, took place at the turn of the year 1975/76. The results have been published in six reports (nr 78-83) in the series of reports of the Department of Education, Pedagogiska rapporter, Umeå (in Swedish). In this summary the main results are accounted for concerning the pupil's use of language and linguistic knowledge as well as results and marks. The results show that the use of the Finnish language is almost restricted to the home environment. As for the knowledge of Finnish it can be noted that about 40 per cent have active abilities and the rest of the pupils are purely Swedish speaking. The difference between the mentioned groups as regards the other measurements of achievement used were small or insignificant especially if the social background of the pupils was taken into consideration. The main conclusion was that the Finnish language in Tornedalen is decreasing and that in one or two generations probably all the area will be Swedish speaking. The consequences of this are discussed,and the importance of school and education is also dealt with. Suggestions for further research are given such as longitudinal and iterated cross-sectional studies and comparative studies in other bilingual areas. Studies about attitudes to the languages in Tornedalen are suggested as well as intensified work on the developing of methods in bilingual research. Finnally further investigations on the covariation between different factors and school achievement are recommended.

  • 188.
    Schaeffler, Felix
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Phonological Quantity in Swedish Dialects: Typological Aspects, Phonetic Variation and Diachronic Change2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the realisation of phonological quantity in the dialects of Modern Swedish, based on a corpus containing recordings from 86 locations in Sweden and the Swedishspeaking parts of Finland. The corpus was recorded as part of the national SweDia project.

    The study is explorative in character. Quantity structures in Swedish dialects and their geographical distribution, as described in the dialectological literature, are compared to the results of a data-driven categorisation (cluster analysis). The results reveal an overall good correspondence of the data driven and the traditional categorisation, although with some deviations in the detail.

    The study is divided into two parts. The first part lays the foundation for the data-driven categorisation, which is then described in the second part. First, the phonology and phonetics of quantity in Swedish are described in terms of durational distinctions and vocalic quality differences that typically accompany the durational differences. Preaspiration, which appears to be a normative feature in some dialects, is covered as well. An overview of the historical development of the Swedish quantity system is provided, with special emphasis on a phonological interpretation of quantity changes. Thereafter, dialectological evidence is combined with phonological and typological considerations to develop a categorisation of Swedish dialects.

    The second part explains the methodology of cluster analysis and applies this method to vowel and consonant durations from one contrastive word pair, in order to obtain an alternative dialect categorisation. Analyses of vowel quality and preaspiration are performed in addition to the durational analyses. Hypotheses derived from the cluster analysis are then tested on one additional word pair recorded in 75 locations and on three additional word pairs recorded in four locations.

    The general pattern emerging from the cluster analysis is a categorisation of the dialects into three main types, a Finland-Swedish, a Northern and a Southern type. This categorisation shows a good geographical agreement with the categorisation that is derived from the analysis of the dialectological literature. Therefore, the durational patterns of the three types are interpreted as reflections of three different phonological systems: 4-way systems with vocalic and consonantal quantity, 3-way systems with vocalic quantity and with consonantal quantity only after short vowels, and 2-way systems with complementary quantity. From the historical perspective, the 4-way system constitutes the most conservative and the 2-way system the most recently developed system.

    Finally, it is argued that the historical development is one of the factors behind occasional mismatches between the data-driven and the dialectological categorisation. Data from one of the dialects, which has recently abandoned a 4-way system but has obviously retained the durational properties of the older system, is used as an example to illustrate this historical hypothesis.

  • 189.
    Shakely, Yar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    «Jajaja es q son para comerselos…»: - Ortografía de actualizaciones de estado en Facebook2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The explorative and descriptive study looks at Facebook statuses from the year 2013, and revises the orthographic status of the texts. The orthographic deviations are presented in categories and discussed and analyzed with the objective to possibly see some general tendencies to be able to add knowledge about user-generated written Spanish on Internet. The result shows that there are a lot of orthographic deviations in Facebook statuses, and some of the tendencies are the omission of accentuation marks, the incorrect usage of punctuation signs, influences from other languages in the lexicon and orthographic signs such as exclamation- and question marks and quotation marks and the informal orthography in informal statuses. Nevertheless, the study also shows that the language used on Internet is difficult to generalize since it demonstrates an individualistic, experimental and creative characteristic.

  • 190.
    Shimotori, Misuzu
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Conceptual contrast of dimensional adjectives in Japanese and Swedish: Exploring the mental lexicon by word-association test2009In: Multilingualism: Proceedings of the 23rd Scandinavian Conference of Linguistics / [ed] Anju Saxena & Åke Viberg, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2009, p. 296-304Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The study is aimed to explore the mental representations of dimensional adjectives in Japanese and Swedish by using word-association test, which is largely used in the field of psychology and linguistics. The procedure of the association test is divided into two parts. In the first part native speakers of Japanese and Swedish were asked to give responses to the stimulu in their L1. In the second part Japanese learners of Swedish and Swedish learners of Japanese were asked to respond to the stimuli in their L2.

    In this work I will discuss the following three issues; 1) how the dimensional expressions are represented in the mental lexicons of native speakers of Japanese and Swedish respectively, and 2) to what extent the response patterns in L2 are similar to those in L1, and lastly 3) whether there are any language specific attitude to be found in the association pattern for each language. Based on the results I assume that there is a marked difference in association patterns between Japanese and Swedish.

  • 191.
    Shimotori, Misuzu
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Emotion, perceptions and desires of a third person: An ethnogrammatical study of the -garu structure in Japanese2008In: Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Brasov, ISSN 2065-2178, Vol. 1, no 50, p. 139-144Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Japanese suffix –garu is combined with mental verbs/adjectives and this structural pattern expresses a third person’s physical or psychological representations from the speaker’s observational viewpoint. In the field of ethnogrammar it is of interest to discuss cultural constrains on the grammar of a language. The purpose of the present paper is to study the structural pattern of the Japanese suffix -garu from an ethnogrammatical perspective. I am going to discuss what types of cultural aspects the construction of -garu suffix is relating to, and what the relation is based on.

  • 192.
    Strandberg, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Jag kan klara det här om jag får rätt förutsättningar: Tankar från elever och pedagoger i grundskolan om hur alternativa verktyg används som stöd vid läs- och skrivsvårigheter2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

     

    The purpose of this study was to try to find out how students and teachers perceive the use of assistive technology as a support for students with reading and writing disabilities. The following questions are asked: How do students use assistive tools available in education? How do students with reading and writing disabilities experience the use of assistive technology in school? How do their teachers experience the use of assistive technology in school? The study is based on classroom observations and interviews. The interviews were made individually with three students and three teachers in primary school. The interviews were recorded, transcribed and analysed. The results show that the respondents in the study have a positive attitude to assistive tools, but there are obstacles. To use assistive tools to a greater extent than is done today, the teachers says that they need a lot of more time to learn more about the tools, they need better technical conditions in the school and they need continuous support and training in their use of tools and technology.

     

     

  • 193.
    Strangert, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Gustafson, Joakim
    Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation, KTH.
    Improving speaker skill in a resynthesis experiment2008In: Proceedings Fonetik 2008, The XXIst Swedish Phonetics Conference, Juni 2008, Dept of Linguistics, University of Gothenburg, 2008, p. 69-72Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A synthesis experiment was conducted based on data from ratings of speaker skill and acoustic measurements in samples of political speech. Features assumed to be important for “being a good speaker” were manipulated in the sample of the lowest rated speaker. Increased F0 dynamics gave the greatest positive effects, but elimination of disfluencies and hesitation pauses, and increased speech rate also played a role for the impression of improved speaker skill.

  • 194.
    Strangert, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Gustafson, Joakim
    Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation, KTH.
    What makes a good speaker?: subject ratings, acoustic measurements and and perceptual evaluations2008In: Proceedings of Interspeech 2008, Brisbane, Australia, 2008, p. 1688-1692Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 195.
    Sullivan, Kirk P H
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Czigler, Peter E
    Örebro University.
    Using writing to support student professional development during periods of practical training: a case study2016In: Writing for professional development / [ed] Giulia Ortoleva, Mireille Bétrancourt and Stephen Billett, Leiden, The Netherlanda: Brill Academic Publishers, 2016, p. 170-187Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Supporting the development of professional skills is a central role of professional degree programmes. This case study considers how one audiology degree programme implemented reflective writing to support student professional development during periods of practical training. In particular, the case considers how much and what type of reflection can be seen in the students' reflective writing, and whether improvement in reflection based on formative feedback is a valid base for differential grading. An analysis of 72 pages of student reflective writing written during the final long period of practical training in the clinic showed that both the way reflective processes were taught and how it was to be assessed framed and limited the quality of the reflection. For example, the taught model of reflection was strictly followed and, in all cases, the catalyst chosen was the extraordinary event. On the basis of our analysis we propose that reflective writing to support professional development should not form part of a student’s assessment. Supporting the development of reflective skills without the stress of being assessed, we believe, will give the students space to reflect upon the everyday and feel less restrained by the taught model of reflection.

  • 196.
    Sullivan, Kirk P H
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Lindgren, EvaUmeå University, Faculty of Teacher Education.
    Computer keystroke logging and writing: methods and applications2006Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 197.
    Sullivan, Kirk P. H.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Lindgren, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    Self-assessment in autonomous computer-aided L2 writing2002In: ELT Journal, ISSN 0951-0893, E-ISSN 1477-4526, Vol. 56, no 3, p. 258-266Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the results of a study carried out in Sweden to investigate the promotion of self‐assessment and reflection in the adult second language (L2) classroom. A method is proposed in which the computer is used first to record a writing session, and later to replay the entire text production in retrospective peer sessions. The method provides the students with an opportunity to look into their own composing processes both linguistically and holistically, as they view and discuss the reasons behind the different actions during the writing process. Results show that after using the method, all writers experienced useful, although different, insights into their own writing behaviours. Furthermore, this method is not restricted to an L2 environment, but is likely to be effective in other learning situations where reflection is useful for the acquisition process.

  • 198.
    Sullivan, Kirk P H
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Waldmann, Christian
    Linnaeus University.
    Muntliga språkliga interaktioner för lärande2019Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna artikel handlar om hur undervisning kan utformas för att stödja elevers muntliga språkliga utveckling. Först beskrivs faktorer relaterade till fysisk miljö, lärtillfällen och interaktioner som har visat sig viktiga för att skapa en språkutvecklande undervisning. Därefter presenteras ett observationsverktyg som lärare kan använda för att identifiera styrkor och utvecklingsbehov i syfte att skapa en mer språkutvecklande undervisning.

  • 199.
    Sundström, Olle
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Edlund, Lars-Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    A great inspiration to us all: Special issue in honour of professor Håkan Rydving's 65th birthday2018In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 7-10Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 200.
    Sveigðir, Joe
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Wrong Motherhood: Failure in Swedish Literature in the 21st Century as Resistance2017In: Latin American Indian literatures journal, ISSN 0888-5613, Vol. 33, no 1-2, p. 25-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on the conteporary Swedish context, this paper examines three twenty-first century Swedish novels about mothers leaving their children. In this case, the nuclear family has gained a stronger position, while the mother is trying to balance different ideals. The novels especially challenge the cultural ideals with good motherhood in two ways. First, the novel represents a kind mother who is at the end overly subversive. Second, their expression of a failed mother can be seen as a resistance to a discourse that expects women to achieve an ideal that is not only unrealistic but also emphasizes individual success rather than challenging structural inequalities. In addition, the novel’s depiction of the family constellation challenges the ideals of the nuclear family and suggests other ways of organizing intimate relationships.

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