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  • 151.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Inför den fascistiska fantasin och det förflutnas katastrofer2017In: Tydningen, ISSN 2001-4570, no 25/26Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 152.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Jakten på det "queera ögonblicket": Om det subversivas (o)möjligheter2003In: Kvinnovetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 0348-8365, Vol. 24, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 153.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Kön/genus/begär och andra besvärligheter: En teorietisk diskussion sprungen ur en analys av den medicinska diskursen rörande intersexualism2003In: Lambda Nordica, ISSN 1100-2573, Vol. 9, no 1-2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 154.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Lost and never found: the queer archive of feelings and its historical propriety2013In: Differences. A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies, ISSN 1040-7391, E-ISSN 1527-1986, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 36-62Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 155.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    "Men är vi inte färdiga med queer nu...?"2003In: Bang, ISSN 1102-4593, no 1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 156.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Moderskap utan statlig välfärd.: En vansklig politisk utopi.2017In: Feministiskt PerspektivArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 157.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    När våldet blir en del av jaget: En kritisk analys av kvinnohistoria och dess effekter2005In: Kvinnor och våld: En mångtydig kulturhistoria / [ed] Marie Lindstedt Cronberg Eva Österberg, Lund: Nordic Academic Press , 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 158.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Några ord till mina kära mödrar, ifall jag hade några2010In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, no 4, p. 108-118Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 159.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Osten och vetenskapen: En 2000-talshistorikers tankar om firandet2013In: GläntaArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 160.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Performativity as a symptom: the trembling body in the works of Butler2015In: Lambda Nordica: Tidskrift om homosexualitet, ISSN 1100-2573, no 2-3, p. 125-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är vanligt att betrakta performativitet som en möjlighet till subversiva handlingar som radikalt kan förändra vår relation till genus. Genom en omläsning och omtolkning av några av Judith Butlers texter, menar jag att genus förvisso reproduceras och manifesteras performativt, men att performativitet inte konstituerar genus. Genus konstitueras genom heterosexuell melankoli; det är genom denna melankoli som inkorporeringen av könat begär/begärligt kön äger rum och den maniska repetition av genus som Butler kallar för performativitet är på så sätt snarare ett symptom på denna melankoli. Performativitet kan ses som psykiskt nödvändigt för att utesluta kroppsliga oförenligheter och beroenden genom att ge upphov till en psykosomatisk illusion av en koherent och autonom kropp. I bästa fall kan performativitet visa på andra versioner av genus som levbara, men enbart genom att använda sig av samma illusion av en koherent kropp. Denna användning av performativitet kan vara användbar för en humanistisk feminism som i första hand strävar efter att erkänna och humanisera marginaliserade subjektspositioner, men det är samtidigt ett angreppssätt som även kan riskera att individualisera identiteter och ge upphov till gränser mellan kroppar i stället för solidaritet. De distinktioner jag försöker påvisa i min tolkning av performativitetsbegreppet och dess relation till förkroppsligad melankoli kan därför vara väsentliga att påpeka för att undvika en (ny)liberal annektering av politisk organisering och aktivism.  

  • 161.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Politics out of time: Historical expertise and temporal claims in Swedish governmental reports2010In: In Experts We Trust: Knowledge, Politics and Bureaucracy in Nordic Welfare States / [ed] Åsa Lundqvist/Klaus Petersen, Odense: University Press of Southern Denmark , 2010, p. 35-58Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 162.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Recension av: Hjelm, Jonny: Amasoner på planen2005In: Kvinnovetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 0348-8365, Vol. 26, no 1Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 163.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Recension av Joan W. Scott ; The fantasy of feminist history2012In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 78, no 2, p. 137-138Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 164.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Recension av Peter Aronsson (red.); Platser för en bättre värld. Auschwitz, Ruhr och röda stugor2010In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 76, no 1, p. 187-189Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 165.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    "The queer disappearance of Butler": När Judith Butler introducerades i svensk feministisk forskning, 1990-20022008In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 166.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    ’Uncertainty is not favourable to anyone’: Sweden and Left Politics2017In: Discover Society, Vol. 47Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 167.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Ur led är feminismens tid!2008In: Fronesis, ISSN 1404-2614Article, review/survey (Other academic)
  • 168.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Äktenskapet, sexualmoralen och barnets bästa som samhällsorganisatörer i två statliga utredningar: kommentar till texter om äktenskap2015In: Sexualpolitiska nyckeltexter / [ed] Klara Arnberg, Pia Laskar, Fia Sundevall, Stockholm: Leopard , 2015, p. 317-325Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 169.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    ”Även queerteorin måste förklara sig – och ta ställning.: Recension av Når heteroseksualiteten må forklare seg2009In: Trikster, no 3Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 170.
    Edenheim, Sara
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Persson, Cecilia
    Enade vi falla, söndrade vi stå!: Reflektioner om kontinuitet, kronologi, myter och stringens2006In: Kvinnovetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 0348-8365, Vol. 27, no 2-3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 171.
    Edenheim, Sara
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Akademisk feminism: Institutionalisering, organisation och kritik2014In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 99-121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is an examination of what consequences our passion for critical research has had on our relation to Gender Studies as a discipline. The examination begins with the exclusion from, and escape from, another discipline, to the space and possibilities offered by Gender Studies. This move is, however, also an escape into a new discipline and a new order of normativities. We move on to identifying these normativities: 1) Gender Studies as constituted through a compromise with research ideals, where, for example, the concept gender (genus) is depicted as more inclusive than other concepts, and Gender Studies as less critical and political than Feminist Studies, 2) the dogmatism of sisterhood, as an identity based limitation for research, and 3) the constant mix-up with, and adaptation to, both governmental gender equality politics and activist organisations outside the university. In order to exist, Gender Studies has, in some way or another, compromised with all three of these normativities. We do not assume that this development is automatically bad or good – the normativities do not always reinforce each other, incongruences and gaps sometimes appear when they meet, and a compromise also implies that there still remains something of that which is ‘other’, of that which was ‘too much’ and had to be compromised. However, for the moment they seem to interact with a neo-liberal governmentality that restructures politics, activist demands, and identifications as well as research focus and university organisation. Hence, we see a need for a re-organisation of academic feminism, using Gender Studies as a platform, but constituted by neither the traditional object of study (“women/gender”) nor the idea of infinite inclusion and flexibility (“intersectionality”). Instead we propose that passion for critical research (including responsibility of that research), organised around the untimely idea of a non-competitive collegium, constitutes the guiding rules for a non-nostalgic and non-identical academic feminism.

  • 172.
    Edenheim, Sara
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Avskaffa jämställdhetspolitiken!2012In: Det heter feminism!: 20 anspråksfulla förslag för att förändra världen / [ed] Eduards, Maud; Jansson, Maria; Wendy Maria; Åse, Cecilia, Stockholm: Hallongrottan , 2012, 1, p. 22-27Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 173.
    Edenheim, Sara
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Institute for advanced studies, Princeton.
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Karlstad university.
    Representations of equality: processes of depoliticization of the citizen-subject2016In: Gendered citizenship and the politics of representation / [ed] Hilde Danielsen, Kari Jegerstedt, Ragnhild L. Muriaas, Brita Ytre-Arne, Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, p. 61-83Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 174.
    Edenheim, Sara
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Tracking Down Politics and Power in Neo-liberal Spciety2012In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, ISSN 0803-8740, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 227-229Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 175.
    Edin, Kerstin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Dahlgren, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Lalos, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    Högberg, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
    "Keeping up a front": narratives about intimate partner violence, pregnancy, and antenatal care2010In: Violence against Women, ISSN 1077-8012, E-ISSN 1552-8448, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 189-206Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nine women who had been subjected to severe intimate partner violence during pregnancy narrated their ambiguous and contradictory feelings and the various balancing strategies they used to overcome their complex and difficult situations. Because allowing anyone to come close posed a threat, the women mostly denied the situation and kept up a front to hide the violence from others. Three women disclosed ongoing violence to the midwives, but only one said such disclosure was helpful. This article highlights the complexity of being pregnant when living with an abusive partner and challenges antenatal care policies from the perspective of pregnant women.

  • 176.
    Edin, Kerstin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Nilsson, Bo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Between desire and rape - narratives about being intimate partners and becoming pregnant in a violent relationship2013In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 6, p. 20984-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Women subjected to intimate partner violence (IPV) experience different forms of abuse. Sexual violence is often under-reported because physically abused women, in particular, might see forced sex as an obligatory part of the sexual interplay. Accordingly, abused women have less sexual autonomy and experience unplanned pregnancies more often than other women. Objective: To describe and analyse nine Swedish women's retrospective stories about IPV with a focus on power and coping strategies as intimate partners, particularly regarding experiences of sex, contraception, and becoming pregnant. Design: Nine qualitative interviews were carried out with women who had been subjected to very severe violence in their intimate relationships and during at least one pregnancy. The stories were analysed using 'Narrative method' with the emphasis on the women's lived experiences. Results: Despite the violence and many contradictory and ambivalent feelings, two of the women described having sex as desirable, reciprocal and as a respite from the rest of the relationship. The other seven women gave a negative and totally different picture, and they viewed sex either as obligatory or as a necessity to prevent or soothe aggression or referred to it as rape and as something that was physically forced upon them. The women's descriptions of their pregnancies ranged from being carefully planned and mostly wanted to completely unwelcome and including flawed contraceptive efforts with subsequent abortions. Conclusions: Women subjected to IPV have diverse and complex experiences that have effects on all parts of the relationship. Intimacy might for some turn into force and rape, but for others sex does not necessarily exclude pleasure and desire and can be a haven of rest from an otherwise violent relationship. Accordingly, women may tell stories that differ from the ones expected as 'the typical abuse story', and this complexity needs to be recognized and dealt with when women seek healthcare, especially concerning contraceptives, abortions, and pregnancies.

  • 177.
    Edin, Kerstin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Nilsson, Bo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Men's violence: narratives of men attending anti-violence programmes in Sweden2014In: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 46, p. 96-106Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The efficacy of batterer-intervention programmes for men has frequently been questioned, inviting additional research and development. Men inclined to violence have multifaceted problems but are frequently squeezed into ‘one-size-fits-all’ programmes with high ambitions for change that often show little evidence of effectiveness. Some research even indicates that any changes in men's violent behaviour might result from factors not at all linked to the programmes.

    For this study, ten interviews were carried out with men who had attended anti-violence programmes within the Swedish Probation Service. The overall aim was to analyse gendered identity constructions in the narratives of men attending the programmes — how men articulate the course of violent events and in what way they talk about themselves and the programmes.

    According to our results, men defended themselves by making excuses, explanations and victim positions. Furthermore, the men's gendered identity constructions collided with the programmes' ambitions of changing men's conceptions and behaviour.

  • 178.
    Egan Sjölander, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Att HBTQ-certifiera ett hockeylag. Om Kiruna IF och Acceptansprojektet till Allsvenskan2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 179.
    Ekholm, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    "Det är väl dags att få någonting tillbaka": En diskursanalys av känslor och makthierarkier i två välgörenhetsgalor2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Välgörenhet är ett stort samtida fenomen och så även välgörenhetsgalor. Vissa har argumenterat för biståndsarbete och välgörenhet har två sidor, altruism och egenintresse (Öhman, 2000). Den här uppsatsen undersöker känslor och makthierarkier inom en välgörenhetsdiskurs genom att analysera två svenska välgörenhetsgalor som sändes i SVT och TV4 under 2017. De teoretiska utgångpunkterna har främst varit Sara Ahmeds (2011) teori om olustens politik, Olli Pyyhtinens (2014) tolkning och utveckling av Marcel Mauss (1924) teori om gåvor och utbyten, samt Jo Littler (2008) och Ilan Kapoors (2013) teorier om kändisars deltagande i välgörenhet. Genom att använda Ernest Laclau och Chantal Mouffes diskursteori som teoretisk ingång och metod för diskursanalysen undersöks välgörenhetsdiskursens möjligheter och krav, med fokus på sprickor och spänningar som uppstår inom dess ramar. Analysen visar att diskursen kräver vissa moment för att existera. Ett sådant moment är de, med användning av Kapoors begrepp, avpolitiserande effekter som framkommer när fokus riktas mot snabba lösningar på akuta problem snarare än att tala om social rättvisa och politiska åtgärder. Ytterligare ett moment som diskursen kräver är temat om medlidande för att kunna väcka känslor hos subjektet som uppmanas att skänka pengar. I förlängningen krävs också lyckliga slut, där detta givarsubjekt får se hur pengarna har hjälpt rädda liv på barn runt om i världen. Analysen visar hur välgörenhetsgalorna, trots goda intentioner, också bidrar till att konstruera en bild av Sverige som en ”god” nation vilket förstärker makthierarkier mellan Sverige och de länder som mottar pengar från välgörenheten. Bilden av Sverige som (re)produceras inom välgörenhetsdiskursen osynliggör också förståelser av Sverige som del i en global kapitalistisk ordning som tar från samma fattiga som välgörenhetsgalorna ämnar rädda.

  • 180.
    Ekman, Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Självskadande handlingar: ungdomars berättelser: kontextualisering av ett medikaliserat socialt fenomen2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is twofold; to explore adolescents’ own views on self-injuring acts and to analyse the field of research on self-injuring acts. Together, these two aims comprise the overall aim of the thesis; to increase knowledge on self-injuring acts among adolescents.The material for the first study consists of scientific publications from 1913 to 2018. The material for the three following studies consists of adolescents’ Internet published unsolicited first-person narratives on their experience of self-injuring acts.Based on an examination of the research literature over a hundred year period, it was found that self-injuring acts have been medicalized since the beginning of research. Studies in the 1960’s and 1970’s were mainly conducted through observations of female psychiatric inpatients, establishing a picture of the typical cutter as a young, attractive, emotionally unstable woman. Although later research has found self-injuring acts to be common among community adolescents, the dominance of medical and psychological studies has continued to reinforce the view on self-injuring acts as related to intrapersonal difficulties.In the narratives studied, the adolescents described their self-injuring acts as closely related to an unstable social context, consisting of problems within the family, problems at school and the loss of dear ones. The recurrently described lack of access to an arena of comfort, a place or a relation providing trust and security, was found to be significant with respect to the initiation of self-injuring acts among these adolescents.In contrast to the common view on self-injuring acts as an outcome of individual characteristics, the findings point to adolescents’ self-injuring acts as a cognitively motivated and planned strategy to endure otherwise unbearable situations. Due to their adolescent position, their options to act, to take control or make changes are severely restricted.Disclosure of self-injuring acts within the social network was described as met with demands to seek professional mental help. Thoughts on seeking professional help were accompanied by fear of being perceived as crazy or diagnosed as mentally ill, thus causing social stigma. Thus, the medicalization of self-injuring acts was found to have negative consequences for disclosure and help-seeking, thereby limiting the adolescents’ options for finding adequate support. Internet websites were described as value-free and safe arenas, providing an opportunity to disclose self-injuring acts without fear of being stigmatized.The main conclusion is that adolescents’ self-injuring acts are closely related to problems in the social context, and need to be understood and related to the restrictions inherent in an adolescent position. From this perspective, it is the social context, not the self-injuring acts that should be in focus in research and practice. Social work research, focusing on social context and interaction, could develop the research field, broaden perspectives on these acts, and develop knowledge and understanding that goes beyond the established medicalized view of self-injuring acts.

  • 181.
    Elwér, Sofia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Harryson, Lisa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Bolin, Malin
    Department of Social Sciences, Mid Sweden University.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Patterns of gender equality at workplaces and psychological distress2013In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 1, article id e53246Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research in the field of occupational health often uses a risk factor approach which has been criticized by feminist researchers for not considering the combination of many different variables that are at play simultaneously. To overcome this shortcoming this study aims to identify patterns of gender equality at workplaces and to investigate how these patterns are associated with psychological distress. Questionnaire data from the Northern Swedish Cohort (n=715) have been analysed and supplemented with register data about the participants’ workplaces. The register data were used to create gender equality indicators of women/men ratios of number of employees, educational level, salary and parental leave. Cluster analysis was used to identify patterns of gender equality at the workplaces. Differences in psychological distress between the clusters were analysed by chi-square test and logistic regression analyses, adjusting for individual socio-demographics and previous psychological distress. The cluster analysis resulted in six distinctive clusters with different patterns of gender equality at the workplaces that were associated to psychological distress for women but not for men. For women the highest odds of psychological distress was found on traditionally gender unequal workplaces. The lowest overall occurrence of psychological distress as well as same occurrence for women and men was found on the most gender equal workplaces. The results from this study support the convergence hypothesis as gender equality at the workplace does not only relate to better mental health for women, but also more similar occurrence of mental ill-health between women and men. This study highlights the importance of utilizing a multidimensional view of gender equality to understand its association to health outcomes. Health policies need to consider gender equality at the workplace level as a social determinant of health that is of importance for reducing differences in health outcomes for women and men.

  • 182.
    Enberg, Birgit
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Nordin, Catharina
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Work experiences of novice occupational therapists and physiotherapists in public sector employment: analyses using two occupational stress models2010In: Advances in Physiotherapy, ISSN 1403-8196, E-ISSN 1651-1948, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 42-49Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to evaluate how recently graduated occupational therapists and physiotherapists, employed by the Swedish county councils and municipalities, experience working in public sector healthcare organization. The study group, 262 occupational therapists and physiotherapists who graduated in 1999, is a sub-sample drawn from a national cross-sectional survey. Data were collected in their third year after graduation. The Swedish Demand-control Questionnaire and the Effort-reward Imbalance Questionnaire together with self-constructed questions were used to evaluate psychosocial factors at work. The results reveal that few were exposed to job strain or effort-reward imbalance (ERI). More were defined as having work-related overcommitment (WOC). Logistic regression analyses revealed a significant association between WOC and ERI, sex, degree of effort and degree of reward. One quarter was dissatisfied with their work and this dissatisfaction was significantly associated with ERI, reward (in the ERI questionnaire), control (in the Demand-control Questionnaire) and type of employer. In conclusion, combining the Demand-control model and the ERI model made it possible to describe and analyse varying aspects of the work of novice occupational therapists and physiotherapists in public sector healthcare.

  • 183.
    Enberg, Birgit
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Stenlund, Hans
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences.
    Öhmnan, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Gendered career preferences, work satisfaction and unpaid household work among recently graduated physiciansManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 184.
    Enberg, Birgit
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Sundelin, Gunnevi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Work experiences among nurses and physicians in the beginning of their professional careers: analyses using the effort-reward imbalance modelManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 185.
    Engholm, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    “In the end, one person has to convince another”: A critical discourse analysis of gender and sexuality in the asylum process2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study has been to critically analyse discourses on gender and sexuality in written material produced by the Swedish Migration Board and in interviews with staff at the administrative authority, drawing on Norman Fairclough’s three-dimensional model as well as feminist and postcolonial theory. The written material is used frequently in assessments where asylum-seekers claim risk of persecution based on gender or sexuality. I have identified three discursive themes; objective identities, self-image as deviant and victim of culture and tradition. Other than the discursive themes, the written material and the interviews showed a paradox of subjective truth expressing the subjective element of self-image and as a result of this the difficulties in evaluating identities in others.

  • 186.
    Enström, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Känsla för skådespelarkonst: mot en förståelse av tysta kunskaper och görandets fenomenologi2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The primary argument in this thesis is that the common assumption that an actor has emotion inside him- or herself which can be evoked and projected outwards is an outdated misconception. A proposition is made to replace this possessive acting model, which underpins the realist tradition and is based on the popularized aspects of Stanislavsky’s system for actor training, by a situational acting model. This new model is founded on the idea that emotion is something that actors “do”. Furthermore, a theory of this situational model is advanced where the actor is seen to perform emotion in an interplay with action in three different ways: in the world symbolically as an expression, of the world phenomenologically as in-sensing or out-sensing, and with the world as a becoming – which opens the actor up to greater forces of nature and society.                           

              The material in this thesis has been focused on from both a contextualizing and a theoretic perspective. The contextualizing perspective places the actor’s doing of emotions in a historical context. The theoretic aspect concentrates on how performing emotions is realized in practice, and it proceeds from an analysis of two contemporary Swedish examples: the actresses Lena Endre in the role of Lady Macbeth at the Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm in a production of William Shakespeare’s Macbeth from 2006, and Mia Skäringer in her stage show Horny as Hell and Really Holy from 2010. In exploring this material, a combination of Paul Ricoeur’s “hermeneutics of suspicion” and Paul Stoller’s ”sensuous scholarship” is applied.

              A synthetic theoretical approach is employed that is set on a phenomenological foundation in combination with theories of emotion and affect as well as gender theory and theatre theory. The discussion is informed by Michael Polanyi to gain an understanding of tacit knowledge and the role of kinesthesia; by Simone de Beauvoir to establish a perspective on the body as a situation; by Sara Ahmed to see the potential for a cultural politics of emotion and a queer view of intentionality; and by Maurice Merleau-Ponty to propose a way of looking at the human being as being of the world as opposed to in the world. Interpretations of a few of Gilles Deleuze’s and Félix Guattari’s concepts such as rhizome, becoming, and body without organs, are added to this list in order to provide a background for what the third way of doing emotion is about.

  • 187.
    Enström, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Orienting Towards the Phenomenal Woman: Presenting Mia Skaringer in Her Stage Show Horny as Hell and Really Holy2012In: Nordic Theatre Studies, ISSN 0904-6380, E-ISSN 2002-3898, Vol. 24, p. 34-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Orienting Towards the Phenomenal Woman: Presenting Mia Skaringer in Her Stage Show Horny as Hell and Really Holy The article presents the Swedish comedian Mia Skaringer and analyzes her one-woman stage show Horny as Hell and Really Holy from 2010. The analysis combines feminist scholar Sara Ahmed's theory of emotion with Simone de Beauvoir's theory of the situated body, but is also influenced by one of the early theatre phenomenologists, Bert O. States, who combined phenomenology and semiotics in a 'binocular vision'. The article scrutinizes the way Skaringer narrates her personal story in the performance, employing such concepts as personal genealogy and intermedial bricolage. Above all, it addresses Skaringer's ironical treatment of the hardships of being and becoming a woman, which Simone de Beauvoir problematized back in 1949 when she declared that woman is the 'second sex'. Drawing on Ahmed's theories of stickiness and circulating objects of emotion, the article investigates how Skaringer uses her situated body in the performance.

  • 188.
    Eriksson, Carola
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
    Salander, Pär
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
    Hamberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Men's experiences of intense fear related to childbirth investigated in a Swedish qualitative study2007In: Journal of Men's health and gender, Vol. 4, p. 409-418Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 189.
    Eriksson, Liselotte
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Beneficiaries or policyholders?: The role of women in Swedish life insurance 1900-19502014In: Business History, ISSN 0007-6791, E-ISSN 1743-7938, ISSN 0007-6791, Vol. 56, no 8, p. 1335-1360Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the second half of the nineteenth century, women were depicted as dependents and beneficiaries and men as breadwinners and policyholders in Swedish life insurance sales promotions. Furthermore, life insurance was assumed to be a middle-class concern. The notion of the life insurance policyholder as ‘middle class’ and ‘male’ was first contested with the introduction of industrial life insurance, i.e. life insurance for the working classes and also, to a large extent, the rural population in Sweden. The industrial life insurance business contributed to the growth of a large proportion of female life insurance policyholders from the rural and working classes. This article illuminates the contrast between ideological representations of women as the opponents of life insurance in sales promotions and the real actions and roles of women in business history.

  • 190.
    Fjelkestam, Kristina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Den sentimentala romanen och kampen för medborgarskap: Rousseaus Julie och Staëls Delphine2009In: Sjuttonhundratal: Nordic Yearbook for Eighteenth-Century Studes, ISSN 1652-4772, Vol. 2009, p. 22-39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The tragic fates of a great number of women in sentimental novels of the eighteenth century can be viewed against the background of classic liberal theory. They provide examples of how individual freedom and restraint in the name of the common good can be reconciled. Faced with the impossible choice between a life guided by the principle of love and that of virtue, women often choose self-sacrifice as a means of preserving a sense of individuality in the face of the demands of public universality. The epistolary novels, Julie ou La nouvelle Héloïse (1761) of Jean Jacques Rousseau and the Delphine (1802) of Germaine de Staël, present two rather different treatments of this problem. Rousseau´s Julie is a woman whose unquenchable desire transforms her into a prototype of female unreliability not worthy of societal recognition. Staël´s Delphine, in turn, unmasks a ruthless and unpricipled society which prohibits her from becoming its full-fledged member.

  • 191.
    Foka, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Beauty and the Beast: Femininity, animals and humour in Greek Middle Comedy2011In: Classica et Mediaevalia, ISSN 0106-5815, E-ISSN 1604-9411, Vol. December, no 62, p. 51-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Approximating humans to animals is a common technique deployed in Greek Literature starting as early as the Epics. In early performances of drama, the topsy turvy nature of Old Comedy encouraged the use of animal characters; choruses of animals, anthropomorphized animals, and animalized humans are common strategies used among Old Comedy playwrights. In Middle Comedy their dramatic use appears limited, yet they are not completely excluded from the repertoire. A number of similes are built around references to animals for both male and female characters. This technique (which draws on epic stylistics) produces social comments in humorous form, especially by assimilating women to tamed and untamed animals. This article explores these animalized manifestations of feminity in selected fragments of Middle Comedy, focusing on Eubulus’ Procris, Alexis’ Isostasion, and The Chorus, and Antilais by Epicrates. The animal references impart occasional ‘otherness’ to several female entities (γυναῖκες and ἑταῖραι), reinforcing the sense of difference from the ‘norm’,  whereas on other occasions they reconfirm the importance of females in the civic environment. Across these fragments, I show how animal imagery outlines gendered alterities within the context of normative Athenian ideology. Ultimately, I compare the semantics of animality and how it is humorously interwoven into femininity in Old and Middle Comedy. 

  • 192.
    Foka, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Beauty and the Beast: Femininity, Animals and Humour in Middle Comedy2011In: Classica et Mediaevalia, ISSN 0106-5815, E-ISSN 1604-9411, Vol. 62, p. 51-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Approximating humans to animals is a technique employed in Greek Literature, drawing on epic stylistics. The topsy-turvy nature of Old Comedy encouraged the use of animal choruses and characters. In Middle Comedy, their dramatic use appears limited: a number of similes are built around refernces to animals for both male and female characters, producing social comments in humorous form. This paper explores how animal semantics in selected fragments (Alexis and Epicrates)  impart occasional otherness to female entities (women and hetairai) reinforcing the sense of difference from the norm, whereas on other occasions they subtly underline the importance of females in the civic environment. 

  • 193.
    Foka, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    (Digital) Bread and Circuses: Reframing Ancient Spectacle for Different Screens2014In: Digital Humanities Australasia 2014: Expanding Horizons / [ed] Paul Arthur, The University of Western Sydney Linda Barwick, University of Sydney Craig Bellamy, University of Melbourne Katherine Bode, Australian National University Erik Champion, Curtin University Arianna Ciula, EADH, London, UK Hugh Craig, Newcastle University Jenni Harrison, University of Western Australia Brett D Hirsch, University of Western Australia Jane Hunter, University of Queensland John Hartley, Curtin University Jo Hawkins, The University of Western Australia Philip Mead, The University of Western Australia Renee Newman-­‐Storen, Edith Cowan University Ian Johnson, University of Sydney Nagasaki Kiyonori, The University of Tokyo, Japan Gavan McCarthy, University of Melbourne Sydney Shep, Victoria University Wellington, NZ Tim Sherratt, National Museum of Australia Harold Short, Kings College London, UK James Smithies, University of Canterbury, NZ Nick Thieberger, The University of Melbourne Deb Verhoeven, Deakin University, Perth, Western Australia, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is commonplace that screen-based communication – i.e. TV, cinema, computer screens and ubiquitous devices is continuously mediating cultures (Galloway 2004, Giaccardi et al. 2012). Digital reconstruction is the process of graphically representing ideas and objects (Wileman: 1993). This process, however, requires a conceptual picture to be transferred to in a graphical medium. This paper focuses on the potentials of a conceptual digital construction of a Roman Amphiteatre for multiple screens. I argue that while current ‘historically accurate’ digital depictions of Roman amphitheatres are limited to lifeless and sanitized aerial 3D models, a more innovative, multisensory and participatory reconstruction of entertainment sites for multiple screens can elucidate our understanding of historically and geographically remote social and cultural concepts.

    I propose new methodological tools for generating discourses that add layers of understanding to our contemporary knowledge of the Roman spectacle. A participatory (embodied- tangible computing) and multisensory (sound and vision) digital recreation of a Roman amphitheatre (along the lines of Betts: 2009, Drucker: 2009, and Favro: 2006) can engineer deeper and constructive analyses of the dynamics and systemic operations regarding [ancient and current] popular entertainment. It can generate questions about the cultural and emotional context of ancient spectacle as well as the potentials and limitations set by our current technological grasp. It can further be applicable in research and education in order to anchor both ’traditional’ research questions, as well as the importance of multiplicity within institutional material infrastructure

  • 194.
    Foka, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Foka, A. (2012) Classical Review, Cambridge: RUFFELL (I.A.) Politics and Anti-Realism in Athenian Old Comedy.  The Art of the Impossible. Oxford: Oxford  University Press2013In: Classical Review, ISSN 0009-840X, E-ISSN 1464-3561, Vol. 63, no 1, p. 37-39Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 195.
    Foka, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Half-Naked yet Empowered?:  Spartacus (2010-) (Ancient) Gender Equality in Contemporary Television2013In: 12th Annual Hawaii International Conference on Social Sciences, Honolulu Hawaii, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Spartacus is attested in several ancient sources (Plutarch, Appian, and Florus) as the leader of a rebellion against the Roman Republic (73 to 71 BC). Despite that none of Spartacus' historical representations overtly suggest that he aimed at reforming Roman society by abolishing slavery and promoting equality, he has inspired a number of intellectuals across times and cultures as a egalitarian leader. Marx, in the Manchester letter to Engels (1861), considered him a real representative of the ancient 'proletariat’ and members of the German Spartacus League, a forerunner of the Communist Party of Germany. In contemporary popular culture, the most recent reception of the tale of Spartacus is the US Television series Spartacus: Blood and 

    Sand (premiered on Starz in: 2010- followed by a late prequel and a sequel), where he is also portrayed as a just and egalitarian leader.

    In this paper, I will discuss how Spartacus (2010-) promotes social and gender equality as an ancient virtue within a contemporary context. Unlike Spartacus’ historical and other cinematic representations, women play a major role in the 2010- TV series either as slaves that join the rebellion, inspired by the egalitarian Thracian slave-leader, or wealthy Romans who oppose him. Despite incidental nudity, scenes of a sexual and violent nature, a TV MA rating for graphic violence, and strong sexual content in overexposed video stylization, I will show that female characters evolve from the older sexualized and objectified females of gladiatorial Sword and Sandals (e.g. Warrior and the Slave Girl: 1958) to strong and brave action heroines. Finally, I will discuss how the 2010- TV series reflects upon the impact of equality and feminism in the portrayal of the ancient world in our contemporary popular culture. 

  • 196.
    Foka, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Literary and performative portrayal of sex-workers in Greek antiquity2012In: Gender and Language, ISSN 1747-6321, E-ISSN 1747-633XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From Classical antiquity to the late Roman Empire, courtesans (hetairai) and other sex-workers are considered an integral part of elite lifestyle. In reality, actual evidence about them is scattered and limited. As a result of this, recent scholarship and art represented them as more deliberated and charming than citizen wives  (eg Jung’s archetypes, Manet’s Olympias etc). However, their variability in textual representation resulted in their recent reconstruction as marginal in status with undefined agency and hierarchy (Davidson: 1997; McClure: 2003; Faraone and McClure: 2006). Most importantly, their textual and performative representation varies significantly. In early Attic Comedy for example (5th and 4th BCE) they feature as silent nudes pawed by men (Aristophanes) but they ‘evolve’ within 200 years to the stock character of New Greek Comedy (Menander). There, they are outspoken and somehow, romanticized.  

    This paper attempts an overview and analysis of the courtesans’ portrayal from Old Greek comedy (Aristophanes) to comic texts of the early Roman Empire, namely Lucian’s comic mimes (Dialogues of the Courtesans) and Athenaeus’ proverbial quotations from famous comedies, now lost in extant form (Learned Banqueters 13). I will contextualize the evolution of character and linguistic abilities of the courtesan with reference to their agency, emotions and status.  I will finally demonstrate how courtesan-related humor informs us, modern readers, about the commercialization of sex, gender and agency in the ancient world.

  • 197.
    Foka, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Queer heroes and action heroines: gender and sexuality in Spartacus2015In: Spartacus in the television arena: essays on the Starz Series / [ed] Michael G. Cornelius, Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 2015, p. 1-220Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Spartacus, the Thracian gladiator turned rebel leader, endures as a near-mythic hero who fought for the oppressed against a Roman oligarchy built on the backs of slave labor. The image of Spartacus as a noble if doomed avenger is familiar and his story has been retold through history as a cautionary tale about social injustice.The television series Spartacus takes a different view, with a violent depiction of the man and his times and a focus on the archetype of the gladiator—powerful, courageous and righteous. This collection of new essays studies the series as an exploration of masculinity.In the world of Spartacus, men jockey for social position, question the nature of their lives, examine their relationships with women and with each other, and explore their roles in society and the universe. The series also offers a compelling study of the composite nature of historical narrative in television and film, where key facts from original sources are interwoven with period embellishments, presenting audiences with a history and a fiction whose lines remain blurred by a distant yet all-too-familiar past.

  • 198.
    Foka, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    Arvidsson, Viktor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Digital gender: a manifesto: report on the research workshop: digital gender: theory, methodology, and practice2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    While early day Internet research often hailed “Cyberspace” as an arena where individuals would be liberated from the social shackles of their biological gender, a growing body of research makes evident the exaggerations present within these romanticized claims. Though the online gender divide is rapidly eroding, the Internet remains rooted in society at large. While digital technologies can challenge normative views, they therefore often maintain status quo. Consequently, there is a need to revisit old claims and challenge traditional notions of ”Digital Gender”. In this vein, this manifesto reports and synthesizes findings and discussions from an international workshop titled ”Digital Gender: Theory, Methodology and Practice”, held at Umeå University, Sweden, in early 2014. Against this backdrop, we chart out a new agenda for research on how the digital intermingle with the social in the production of gender. In particular, we argue that scholars must move past the idea of Internet as a separate – virtual – realm and direct attention to the increasingly complex ways that digital technologies permeate social practices, altering the very fabric of society itself. On the one hand, we stress the need for research that focuses on how particular Internet technologies help maintain as well as challenge normative views of gender. On the other hand, we stress the need to uncover how particular material properties of digital technology affect the (un)making of such views. Overall, we also stress the need for scholars of gender to move beyond binary oppositions and to be appreciative of intersectionality in their analyses of digital gender construction.

  • 199.
    Foka, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Liliequist, JonasUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Laughter, humor and the (un)making of gender: historical and cultural perspectives2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A fresh look at longstanding questions, across a temporal range (classical antiquity to the early modern) and a geographical range (Asia to Europe, Islam to Christendom). The optimistic investigators find gender subversion, women's agency, and men's self-criticism in comic forms from high (Homer) to low (folklore, burlesque, jokes, cartoons), imagining a complex audience.

    Humor is the tendency of particular cognitive experiences to provoke laughter and provide amusement. Throughout history, it has played a crucial role in defining gender roles and identities. This collection offers an in-depth thematic examination of this relationship between humor and gender, spanning a variety of historical and cultural backdrops. Bringing together a medley of case studies diachronically and across cultures, the book examines gendered humorous expressions from classical antiquity to the late eighteenth century and across visual culture, literature and performance in both European and Asian premodern contexts.

  • 200.
    Formark, Bodil
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Fältanteckningar om magasinerade flickminnen och ett ambivalent tjejblivande2013In: Finsk tidskrift : kultur, ekonomi, politik, ISSN 0015-248X, no 7/8, p. 33-41Article in journal (Other academic)
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