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  • 151.
    Linderholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Soil chemical and magnetic analysis of samples from two Sieidi sites in Muonio, Western Lappland, Finland2011Report (Other academic)
  • 152.
    Linderholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Archaeology and Sami Studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Soil chemical surveying: A path to a deeper understanding of prehistoric sites and societies in Sweden2007In: Geoarchaeology, ISSN 0883-6353, E-ISSN 1520-6548, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 417-438Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 153.
    Linderholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Stora Köpinge: analys av anläggningsprover, fosfat och magnetisk susceptibilitet2012Report (Other academic)
  • 154.
    Linderholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Tahkokangas Iron age cemetary2011Report (Other academic)
  • 155.
    Linderholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    TAK 1284 - Markkartering av långhus från romersk järnålder - Ishøj Landsby, Själland, Danmark2009Report (Other academic)
  • 156.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Ericsson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Markkemisk kartering och analyser av anläggningsprover från Øya, Melhus, Trøndelag, Norge.2019Report (Other academic)
  • 157.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Ericsson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologisk undersökning av markpåverkan av fångstgropar i samband med naturvårdsbränning/hyggesbränning av fornlämningsområde raä 36:1, Ljustorps sn, Laxsjömon, Laxsjön 1:1, Medelpad.2018Report (Other academic)
  • 158.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Jordprov från brandgrav/båtgrav, Lyngdal kirkesenter, Vest-Agder, Norge2017Report (Other academic)
  • 159.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Markkemisk analys av ett jordprov från Stala sn., Bohuslän2018Report (Other academic)
  • 160.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Markkemisk kartering från Sandbrauta, Melhus, Trøndelag, Norge2019Report (Other academic)
  • 161.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologiska analyser av jord- och sedimentprover från mesolitisk hyddkonstruktion - raä 2093 Misterhult sn, Plittorp, Småland.2017Report (Other academic)
  • 162.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologiska analyser av markkarterings- och anläggningsprover från Raä 37, Rystad sn, Östergötland: teknisk rapport2016Report (Other academic)
  • 163.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Wallin, Jan-Erik
    Pollenlaboratoriet, Umeå.
    Miljöarkeologiska analyser av gropar i klapper, Raä 1159, Nederluleå sn, Norrbotten2016Report (Other academic)
  • 164.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Östman, Sofi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologiska analyser av jord- och sedimentprover från Fangberget, prosjektkode 220280 og saksnr 12/5863, Ringsaker kommune, Hedmark, Norge.2017Report (Other academic)
  • 165.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Fernández Pierna, Juan
    Walloon Agricultural Research Centre (CRA-W).
    Vincke, Damien
    Walloon Agricultural Research Centre (CRA-W).
    Dardenne, Pierre
    Walloon Agricultural Research Centre (CRA-W).
    Baeten, Vincent
    Walloon Agricultural Research Centre (CRA-W).
    Identification of fragmented bones and their state of preservation using near infrared hyperspectral image analysis2013In: Journal of Near Infrared Spectroscopy, ISSN 0967-0335, E-ISSN 1751-6552, Vol. 21, no 6, p. 459-466Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This preliminary work comprises examples where near infrared (NIR) hyperspectral imaging has been applied to identify animal bone material in complex sieved soil–sediment matrices from an archaeological excavation at a Stone Age site in northern Scandinavia. NIR hyperspectral image analysis has been performed, as a fast and non-destructive technique, on whole bone and tooth samples, as well as on soil from the excavation containing fragmented skeletal material in order to identify fragmented bones, to provide information about the skeletal material’s chemistry–mineralogy within the site and the different layers as well as studying the possibility of describing their different state of preservation.

  • 166.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Geladi, Paul
    SLU.
    Classification of archaeological soil and sediment samples using near infrared techniques2012In: NIR news, ISSN 0960-3360, E-ISSN 1756-2708, Vol. 23, no 7, p. 6-9Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    NIR spectroscopy offers the field archaeologist the possibility to rapidly screen a site. The screening results are useful in themselves or can be used to plan a sampling campaign for slower methods or to pinpoint sites of interest.

  • 167.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Geladi, Paul
    SLU.
    Portable near infrared spectroscopy and imaging on archaeological sites and samples in the MOBIMA project: Part 1. Field spectroscopy2014In: NIR news, Vol. 25, no 5, p. 11-15Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Johan Linderholm and Paul Geladi report on the start of the MOBIMA project to use NIR spectroscopy and imaging to examine archaelogical sites.

  • 168.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Geladi, Paul
    Portable near infrared spectroscopy and imaging on archaeological sites and samples in the MOBIMA project: Part II. The potential of hyperspectral field imaging2014In: NIR news, ISSN 0960-3360, E-ISSN 1756-2708, Vol. 25, no 8, p. 8-12Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In a previous article, the use of portable near infrared (NIR) spectrometry for archaeological purposes was explained and illustrated. It was also mentioned that there is a difference in speed between point-wise spectroscopy and imaging, whereby imaging can give a similar wavelength range as the spectroscopy but also has a very large number of spatially-referenced pixels collected very quickly. In the present Part II article, this imaging aspect will be further explored.

  • 169.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Geladi, Paul
    Sciuto, Claudia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Field-based near infrared spectroscopy for analysis of Scandinavian Stone Age rock paintings2015In: Journal of Near Infrared Spectroscopy, ISSN 0967-0335, E-ISSN 1751-6552, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 227-236Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the early autumn of 2014 a field-based near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy study was carried out at Swedish and Norwegian StoneAge rock painting sites. This article presents results from one of them, namely Flatruet, Härjedalen, Sweden. Here, field-based NIRmeasurements were conducted using the 908–1676 nm wavelength range to gather 479 spectra: 427 of rock paintings and 52 of locallithology background. The whole dataset was analysed using principal component analysis (PCA) and four principal components wereextracted explaining 98.5% (PC1), 1.4% (PC2), 0.06% (PC3) and 0.04% (PC4). The PCA results showed that there was a large spread inthe spectra of both background and red paint objects, but also some evidence of clustering could be seen where background and paintingscould be separated. An improvement in separation was achieved with partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) usingthe background and paint as categorical variables. The most important components of the PLS-DA model showed a better separation inthe score plot. A small test set of 10 paint and 10 background samples showed that one of the paint samples and two of the backgroundsamples were misclassified. One conclusion is that there is a large spread in background due to varying precipitation of secondary ironoxides. It was also decided to look deeper into local models of painted elks and their pigments alone. This was done using local PCAmodels and soft independent modelling of class analogies showing that some painted elks could be separated from each other whileothers were quite similar, which is important for answering questions about origin, age and weathering.

  • 170.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Jerand, Philip
    Soil chemical and - magnetic analysis of samples from site R148862, Steintjörna, Övre Pasvik, Sör-Varanger kommune, Finnmark Fylke, Norge.2014Report (Other academic)
  • 171.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Jerand, Philip
    Soil chemical and - magnetic analysis of samples from site RAÄ Jörn 863, Hobergsträsk, Skellefteå kommun, Västerbottens län, Sverige.2014Report (Other academic)
  • 172.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Marine Sciences Centre (UMF).
    Chemical characterisation of various archaeological soil samples using main and trace elements determined by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry1994In: Journal of Archaeological Science, ISSN 0305-4403, E-ISSN 1095-9238, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 303-314Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study a method has been developed to classify archaeologically related soil samples by means of multivariate statistical analysis (principal component analysis) of determined trace and main component concentrations. The Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES) technique was used for the determination of Fe, As, Cu, P, Mn, V, Co, Mo, Zn, Cr, Pb and Ca, and good accuracy was achieved by calibration against a certified reference material. It was shown that Cu, P, Mn, Zn and Ca were accumulated in feature and dwelling samples from a late bronze age site, Vistad, in southeast Sweden. Elements like Fe, V, Co and Cr characterized the control samples (from a surrounding field). It was also demonstrated that in this case, a simpler pretreatment procedure—acid extraction—could be used instead of total dissolution of the samples. Microwave heating was utilized for both procedures.

  • 173.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Archaeology and Sami Studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Macphail, RI
    Neolitic landuse in south-east England: a brief rewiew of the soil evidence: CBA Research Reports2004Report (Other academic)
  • 174.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Macphail, Richard
    Institute of Archaeology, University College London.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Wallin, Jan-Erik
    Pollenlaboratoriet, Umeå.
    Miljöarkeologiska analyser av jord- och sedimentprover från GJÆRLU 32/1, Riksvei 3/25, Hedmark fylke, Norge2017Report (Other academic)
  • 175.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Macphail, Richard I
    UCL.
    Helganes, Haugesund airport, North Rogaland, Norway; chemistry, magnetic susceptibility and soil micromorphology2013Report (Other academic)
  • 176.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Olofsson, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologisk markundersökning i Ängås, Västra Frölunda sn, Bohuslän2008Report (Other academic)
  • 177.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Olofsson, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologisk undersökning av markprofiler i fossila odlingslämningar, raä 217, Foss sn, Bohuslän.2008Report (Other academic)
  • 178.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Thot, Balint
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologiska markundersökningar i Norra Heden, Nysätra sn.2018Report (Other academic)
  • 179.
    Linderholm, Johan, tills. med
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Archaeology and Sami Studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Macphail, R. I.
    Cruise, G. M.
    Allen, M.J.
    Reynolds, P.
    Archaeological soil and pollen analysis of experimental floor deposits; with special reference to Butser Ancient Farm, Hampshire, UK: Journal of Archaeological Science2004In: Journal of Archaeological Science, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 175-191Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 180.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Viklund, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Analyser av jordprover från olika anläggningar från Vassingerød Nord, Själland,   Danmark2009Report (Other academic)
  • 181.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Viklund, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologiska analyser av jordprover från Askim, raä nr 285, Askim socken2009Report (Other academic)
  • 182.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Viklund, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologiska analyser av jordprover från Brattbergstorpet, raä 730, Kville sn2009Report (Other academic)
  • 183.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Viklund, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologiska analyser av jordprover från Láksjohka, Tana kommune, Finnmark, Norge2008Report (Other academic)
  • 184.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Viklund, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologiska analyser av jordprover från Solberg, raä 455, Njurunda sn, Medelpad2010Report (Other academic)
  • 185.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Viklund, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologiska analyser av jordprover Pölje projektet: Honkobackharju mfl2008Report (Other academic)
  • 186.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Viklund, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Wallin, Jan-Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologi längs E20, delen Lundsbrunn: Holmestad, Götene kommun, Västergötland2008Report (Other academic)
  • 187.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Wallin, Jan-Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologisk analys av en brunn/vattenhål vid Vintrie 24:42, Bunkeflo socken, Skåne: 2011-0052011Report (Other academic)
  • 188.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Wallin, Jan-Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    The Avaldsnes Royal Manor project: soil and sediment analysis: chemistry, magnetic susceptibility and pollen studies2013Report (Other academic)
  • 189.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Wallin, JanErik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Ericsson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Östman, Sofi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Environmental archaeological analysis of samples from site Hestehag 47/2, Aust-Agder, Arendal kommune, Norway2015Report (Other academic)
  • 190.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Östman, Sofi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Analys av makrofossil, samt markkemisk-fysikalisk analys av två ”ugnar” från Frydelund, 18/1, Lier kommune, Buskerud, Norge2011Report (Other academic)
  • 191.
    Lundberg, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologisk analys av provmaterial från Norrsunda sn, Raä 15:1, Märsta, Sigtuna kommun, Stockholms län2015Report (Other academic)
  • 192. Macphail, Richard
    et al.
    Cruise, Gill
    Allen, Mike
    Linderholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Archaeology and Sami Studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    A rebuttal of the views expressed in “Problems of unscientific method and approach in Archaeological soil and pollen analysis of experimental floor deposits; with special reference to Butser Ancient Farm, Hampshire, UK2005In: Journal of Archaeological Science, Vol. 33Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 193.
    Macphail, Richard
    et al.
    Institute of Archaeology, University College London.
    Cruise, Gill
    Courty, Marie-Agnès
    CNRS, UMR 7194/UPR 8521 PROMES, Procédés et Matériaux Solaires, Rambla de la Thermodynamique, Tecnosud.
    Crowther, John
    Archaeological Services (UWLAS), University of Wales.
    Linderholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    E6 Gudbrandsdalen project (Brandrud, Fryasletta, Grytting, and Øybrekka), Oppland, Norway: soil micromorphology (with selected microchemistry, bulk soil-chemistry, carbon-polymer, particle-size, and pollen analyses)2016In: Gård og utmark i Gudbrandsdalen / [ed] Ingar M. Gundersen, Portal forlag, 2016, p. 304-317Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 194.
    Macphail, Richard I
    et al.
    UCL.
    Bill, Jan
    Universitetsmuseet Oslo.
    Cannel, Rebecca
    Universitetsmuseet Oslo.
    Linderholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Rødsrud, Christian
    Universitetsmuseet Oslo.
    Integrated microstratigraphic investigations of coastal archaeological soils and sediments in Norway: the Gokstad ship burial mound and its environs including the Viking harbour settlement of Heimdaljordet, Vestfold2013In: Quaternary International, ISSN 1040-6182, E-ISSN 1873-4553, Vol. 315, p. 131-146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Investigations of past coastal landscape development have included soil micromorphology, chemistry and microfossil recording of soils and sediments associated with marine inundation and terrestrial soil formation in marine sediments. This paper reports on similarly studied site formation processes at Norwegian coastal sites in Vestfold, Norway: the Viking Period Gokstad Ship Burial Mound and nearby contemporary harbour site of Heimdaljordet. At Gokstad, strategically-focused coring revealed mound composition and an example of its buried soil and geology. The latter investigation suggested that post glacial uplift led to a ‘slowstand’ period of intertidal reworking of till before ∼700 BC emergence and development of terrestrial soils. At Heimdaljordet, typically laminated intertidal silty clay loam sediments were sealed by beach sands, into which, for example, a boat grave was dug. Post-depositional processes affecting the Gokstad Mound were compared to those in other mounds, including those recorded in experimental earthworks. Waterlogged conditions in the Gokstad mound led to iron–phosphate migration and preferential deposition of vivianite in turf layers where relict litter (L) layers remained visible, and where wood chips from constructional activities are also very well preserved (as is the long ship itself). These soil insights and other paleoenvironmental studies of the buried soil and numerous turf sequences showed that the contemporary AD 900 Viking landscape was totally terrestrial. It had become wet sedge grassland managed for grazing. The partial weathering of turves and anomalous presence within them of ‘fresh’ roots apparently indicates the possibility that turves were stacked and stored ahead of mound building. The 10th C robber trench had developed muddy features, and rooting traces show that it was not backfilled, but was slowly infilled by humic soil silting from turf mound layers. This event did not affect the overall anaerobic burial conditions in the mound, which can be starkly compared to those at the Heimdaljordet boat grave. Here, because of acidic subaerial weathering, the wooden boat only survives as an acidic pellety humus formed of wood residues that are often ferruginised. Iron appears to be concentrated at iron nail locations. Unlike the Gokstad mound, no bone survives, but one sample found a typical ‘body stain’ of secondary iron and phosphate close by the iron encrusted sword in the grave (potentially the pelvic region of the inhumation). Here, mineralised faecal gut remains have an assumed hydroxyapatite composition, and embed phytoliths and pollen/spores, as found in human coprolites and cess deposits studied elsewhere.

  • 195.
    Macphail, Richard I.
    et al.
    University College, London.
    Bill, Jan
    Crowther, John
    Haită, Constantin
    Linderholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Popovici, Dragomir
    Rødsrud, Christian Løchsen
    European ancient settlements: a guide to their composition and morphology based on soil micromorphology and associated geoarchaeological techniques; introducing the contrasting sites of Chalcolithic Borduşani-Popină, Borcea River, Romania and the Viking Age Heimdaljordet, Vestfold, Norway2017In: Quaternary International, ISSN 1040-6182, E-ISSN 1873-4553, Vol. 460, p. 30-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Specific soil micromorphological, broader geoarchaeological and environmental archaeology signatures of settlement activities and land use have been identified from numerous case studies across Europe – from Romania to western Norway. In order to demonstrate how such investigations contribute to our understanding of settlement morphology and its wider landscape, an improved way of organising site-specific information or guide was created (Macphail and Goldberg, in press). Activities and land use are divided into 'Within Settlement', 'Peripheral to Settlement' and 'The Settlement's Wider Landscape'. Major themes identified are: Constructions (and materials), Trackways and paths (and other communication/transport-associated features), Animal Management, Water Management, Waste Disposal (1: middening; 2: human waste), Specialist Domestic and Industrial Activities and Funerary Practices. In the case of trackway deposits, their characterisation aids the identification of intensely occupied areas compared to rural communications, although changing land use within urban areas has also produced 'rural signatures' (e.g. as associated with animal management), for example in Late Roman cities. Specialist activities such as fish and crop processing or working with lead and other metals, in-field and within-wall manuring, stabling and domestic occupation floor-use evidence, and identification of different funerary practice – cremations, boat graves and other inhumations, and excarnation features – and peripheral constructions such as boat-houses, are also noted. New information from the Chalcolithic tell site of Borduşani-Popină, Romania and seasonally occupied Viking settlement of Heimdaljordet, Norway, is introduced.

  • 196.
    Macphail, Richard I
    et al.
    University College London.
    Linderholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Microstratigraphy (soil micromorphology and microchemistry, soil chemistry, and magnetic susceptibility)2018In: Avaldsnes: a sea-kings' manor in first-millennium Western Scandinavia / [ed] Dagfinn Skre, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2018, 104, p. 379-420Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 197. Macphail, Richard
    et al.
    Linderholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Archaeology and Sami Studies. Miljöarkeologiska Laboratoriet. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    ”Dark earth”: recent studies of ”Dark earth” and ”dark - earth - like” microstratigraphy in England, UK.2004In: Terres noires - Dark Earth.: Actes de la table-ronde internationale tenue à Louvain-la-Neuve, les 09 et 10 novembre 2001, 2004, p. 35-42Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 198. Meissner, Katja
    et al.
    Buckland, Philip I.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Linderson, Hans
    Lunds universitet.
    Hammarlund, Dan
    Lunds universitet.
    Pilotprojekt ”Dendro-databas” i SEAD: April 2012-juni 20122012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Pilotprojektet ”Dendro-databas” är ett samarbetsprojekt mellan det Nationella laboratoriet för vedanatomi och dendrokronologi vid Lunds universitet och SEAD-projektet vid Miljöarkeo-4logiska laboratoriet, Umeå universitet. Tillsammans arbetar man med utvecklingen av en da-tabas för dendrokronologiska data som kommer att hanteras och förmedlas via SEAD:s data-basverktyg. I detta arbete ingår både systemutveckling för att anpassa SEAD:s struktur för nya datamängder och inmatning av omfattande testdataserier.

  • 199.
    Olsson, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Arkeoentomologisk undersökning av prov 44 från Vanda Mårtensby, Finland2012Report (Other academic)
  • 200.
    Olsson, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Makrofossilanalys av 10 jordprover från Torsby 380, Torsby sn, Kungälvs kommun, Västra Götaland.2012Report (Other academic)
1234567 151 - 200 of 373
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