umu.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
1234567 151 - 200 of 2583
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 151.
    Björnsson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Persson, Karl
    University of Gothenburg.
    A unified empirical account of responsibility judgments2013In: Philosophy and phenomenological research, ISSN 0031-8205, E-ISSN 1933-1592, Vol. 87, no 3, p. 611-639Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Skeptical worries about moral responsibility seem to be widely appreciated and deeply felt. To address these worries—if nothing else to show that they are mistaken—theories of moral responsibility need to relate to whatever concept of responsibility underlies the worries. Unfortunately, the nature of that concept has proved hard to pin down. Not only do philosophers have conflicting intuitions; numerous recent empirical studies have suggested that both prosaic responsibility judgments and incompatibilist intuitions among the folk are influenced by a number of surprising factors, sometimes prompting apparently contradictory judgments. In this paper, we show how an independently motivated hypothesis about responsibility judgments provides a unified explanation of the more important results from these studies. According to this ‘Explanation Hypothesis’, to take an agent to be morally responsible for an event is to take a relevant motivational structure of the agent to be part of a significant explanation of the event. We argue that because of how explanatory interests and perspectives affect what we take as significant explanations, this analysis accounts for the puzzling variety of empirical results. If this is correct, the Explanation Hypothesis also provides a new way of understanding debates about moral responsibility.

  • 152.
    Björnsson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Persson, Karl
    The explanatory component of moral responsibility2012In: Noûs, ISSN 0029-4624, E-ISSN 1468-0068, Vol. 46, no 2, p. 326-354Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 153.
    Björnsson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Shanklin, Robert
    ‘Must’, ‘Ought’ and the Structure of Standards2014In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743, E-ISSN 1611-3349, no 8554, p. 33-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concerns the semantic difference between strong and weak necessity modals. First we identify a number of explananda: their well-known intuitive difference in strength between ‘must’ and ‘ought’ as well as differences in connections to probabilistic considerations and acts of requir- ing and recommending. Here we argue that important extant analyses of the semantic differences, though tailored to account for some of these aspects, fail to account for all. We proceed to suggest that the difference between ’ought’ and ’must’ lies in how they relate to scalar and binary standards. Briefly put, must(φ) says that among the relevant alternatives, φ is selected by the relevant binary standard, whereas ought(φ) says that among the relevant alternatives, φ is selected by the relevant scale. Given independently plausible assumptions about how standards are provided by context, this explains the relevant differ- ences discussed.

  • 154.
    Björnsson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Strandberg, CajFrancén Olinder, RagnarEriksson, JohnBjörklund, Fredrik
    Motivational Internalism2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Motivational internalism—the thesis that there is an intrinsic or necessary connection between moral judgment and moral motivation—is a central thesis in a number of metaethical debates. In conjunction with a Humean picture of motivation, it has provided a challenge for cognitivist theories that take moral judgments to concern objective aspects of reality, and versions of internalism have been seen as having implications for moral absolutism, realism, non-naturalism, and rationalism. Being a constraint on theories of moral motivation and moral judgment, it is also directly relevant to wider issues in moral psychology. But internalism is a controversial thesis, and the apparent possibility of amoralists and the rejection of strong forms of internalism have also been seen as a problem for non-cognitivists. This volume is meant to help people appreciate the state of the art of research on internalism, to see connections between various aspects of the debate, and to deepen the discussion of a number of central aspects. The introductory chapter provides a structured overview of the debate with a focus on the last two decades or so, distinguishing several important threads and trends in recent developments. The 13 chapters of original research are divided into three parts. The essays in the first part focus on what evidence there is for or against various versions of internalism, those in the second on the relevance of versions of internalism for wider metaethical issues, and those in the third develop different ways of accommodating both internalist and externalist aspects of moral practice.

  • 155.
    Björnsson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Strandberg, Caj
    Francén Olinder, Ragnar
    Eriksson, John
    Björklund, Fredrik
    Motivational Internalism: Contemporary Debates2015In: Motivational Internalism / [ed] Gunnar Björnsson, Caj Strandberg, Ragnar Francén Olinder, John Eriksson, and Fredrik Björklund, New York: Oxford University Press, 2015, p. 1-25Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Motivational internalism—the idea that moral judgments are intrinsically or necessarily connected to motivation—has played a central role in metaethical debates. In conjunction with a Humean picture of motivation, internalism has provided a challenge for theories that take moral judgments to concern objective aspects of reality, and versions of internalism have been seen as having implications for moral absolutism, realism, and rationalism. But internalism is a controversial thesis, and the apparent possibility of amoralists and the rejection of strong forms of internalism have also been seen as a problem for non-cognitivists. The last decades have seen a number of developments of internalist positions and arguments for and against internalism. This chapter provides a structured overview of the more important themes, including the development of new forms of conditional internalism, deferred internalism, and non-constitutional internalism, as well as the emergence of empirically-based arguments and new forms of a posteriori internalism.

  • 156.
    Blomkvist, Alva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Same som same?: Hur uppdelningen av renskötande och icke renskötande samer diskuteras i Samefolket 1970-20002019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 157.
    Boberg, Felicia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Krigsfånge eller flykting?: Svenska interneringsläger för utländsk militär personal2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 158.
    Boekraad, Maria Doeke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Ecological sustainability in traditional Sámi beliefs and rituals2016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The book gives a detailed overview of relevant traditional indigenous Sámi myths, beliefs and rituals based on empirical findings. The author inquires whether and how they are related to an ecologically sustainable use of the natural environment. Her main sources are ancient missionary texts, writings by Sámi and contemporary interviews with Sámi individuals. The traditional value system included ecological sustainability as a survival strategy. Beliefs and rituals, transmitted via stories, incorporated these values and transmitted a feeling of a round life, despite the strict rules for right behavior and punishment for transgressions. The term round symbolized a sense of safety, interconnectedness, reliance on mutual help and respect, identification and empathy with all living beings.

  • 159.
    Boekraad, Maria Doeke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Reflections on ethic for ethnically non-indigenous researchers2016In: Agon Pohjoinen Tiede- ja Kulturuurilehti, ISSN 1799-1900, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What constitutes ethical behaviour within and among research related to First Nations? This text was born out of an urge to explore the challenges faced by ethnically non-indigenous researchers who wish to study a living indigenous culture in a way that contributes not only to increasing knowledge but also to improving indigenous communities' living conditions. The present article does not to seek to provide conclusive answers. Instead, it aspires to discuss some issues raised in relevant decolonizing literature and reflect on the challenges they raise.  The texts provides an overview over past and present critical discussions on research ethics in projects related to the indigenous Sami people in Scandinavia. It gives special attention to the perspectives of ethnically non- indigenous master- and doctoral students.

  • 160.
    Boge, Cecilie
    et al.
    Universitetet i Bergen.
    Larsson, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Understanding pupil violence: Bullying theory as technoscience in Sweden and Norway2018In: Nordic Journal of Educational History, ISSN 2001-7766, E-ISSN 2001-9076, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 131-149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Around 1970, violence among pupils became conceptualised in a radically new way when the concept of “mobbing” was introduced into the Nordic school debate. The concept was immediately embraced by popular discourse with the result that significant attention and discussion followed. It was also soon picked up by researchers and became further developed within Swedish and Norwegian behavioural science. This article concerns how pupil violence in the form of bullying was understood and theorised in the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s in Sweden and Norway. It shows how certain political and intellectual conditions, and events, in both national contexts were decisive for the development of bullying theory, eventually leading up to a commercialisation of bullying theory. This development is discussed with the help of the concept “psychology-commercial complex,” derived from Pickstone’s theory of technoscience.

  • 161.
    Bonnevier, Therese
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Från Framtidsland till Ödemark: Föreställningar om Norrland hos Ludvig Nordström och PO Tidholm2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay is an analysis of the ideas about problems and possibilities concerning the northern region in Sweden, as presented and discussed by authors and journalists Ludvig Nordström and Po Tidholm, in their books Norrland i stöpsleven (1937) and Norrland (2014). The essay draws on theoretical concepts such as center and periphery, Orientalism, progress, as understood by Bernt Skovdahl, and Nietzsche’s notion of ressentiment, as employed by Wendy Brown. The essay offers a discourse analysis of the representations and images of Norrland that the authors present in their works. Nordström portrays Norrland as a region with a bright future, predicated on its inhabitants’ capacity to improve their primitive mentality and start acting as entrepreneurs in the industrial age. Tidholm, though, is much more pessimistic: with bitterness and resignation, he sees a region that no one no longer cares about and where the people suffer from inferiority complex. In a comparison between the two authors three main themes are identified and developed. These are: utopia and dystopia, development and decline, and center and periphery. The essay concludes that Nordström’s and Tidholm’s views are historically conditioned. Nordström’s texts reflect notions of progress typical of modernity, whereas, produced in an era when all grand narratives have lost their credibility, Tidholm’s texts fail to imagine any potential alternatives to the situation he laments.

  • 162.
    Boork, Filip
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Är kristen tro ”properly basic”?: En utvärdering av kritiken mot Alvin Plantingas modell för kristen tro.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 163.
    Boqvist, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Estetiska omdömens paradoxala natur: En jämförelse av Hume och Kant2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 164.
    Borg, Julius
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Metalldetektorn som ett arkeologiskt redskap – ris eller ros?: En studie kring metalldetektorns bidrag till arkeologin med exempel från undersökningarna i Uppåkra och Gudme2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The metal detector as an archaeological tool: good or bad?

    Over the past six decades, the metal-detector has taken both the public as the archaeology by storm. The amount of people that has started to use it both as a hobby and in their jobs, is consistently growing, and the finds that it has provided has been of great value to the archaeologists. This paper examines how the metal-detector has been used and what kind of information it has provided for archaeologists.

    Firstly, there will be a short presentation of the metal-detector as a tool where its history and function get depicted. Thereafter a short summary around the legislation concerning metal-detectors follows of both Sweden and Denmark, which will end with a comparison.

    Then, the archaeological excavations with metal-detectors that has taken place in Uppåkra and Gudme during the last 40 years gets presented. There will be a short historical comprehension around both places which is followed by the surveys that has been conducted with metal-detectors and some of the finds that has been made.

    Finally, there will be a short summary around the debate in Sweden whether the legislation concerning metal-detectors should be liberalized or not. The text will end with a discussion where the author talks about his thoughts of metal-detectors in archaeology.

  • 165.
    Boström, Dan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Efter Gettier Kom Plantinga: En Fördjupning av Begreppet Berättigande2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    After Gettier came Plantinga.In this essay I explore the concepts of justification and warrant. Are they just two words with the same meaning? Starting with Edmund Gettier’s famous 1963 paper Is Justified True Belief Knowledge? as a backdrop, I investigate Alvin Plantinga’s Proper Functionalism, his analysis of warrant, that property enough of which turns mere true belief into knowledge.

    Then we put Plantinga’s proper functionalism to the test with challenges from a selection of essays from philosophers critical to Plantinga’s views on warrant.

    We end up in a summary, where I defend the thesis that Plantinga’s proper functionalism has deepened our understanding of warrant to the point that we can say that it is the best starting point when investigating what warrant is, and how it thus helps us in our understanding what constitutes knowledge.

    The question of whether Plantinga’s account of warrant can be said to be a solution of Gettier cases will depend on our willingness to allow some vagueness in Plantinga’s definition of the cognitive ”mini environment”. Otherwise, a reductive analysis of knowledge and its parts seem doomed.

    In the end I give a slightly adjusted revision or addendum of proper functionalism, adding what I call the elements of recognition and surprise in being prepared for truth’s either validating or refuting my belief.

    I also shortly, in a postscript, discuss possible ways forward for those who want to explore more about Plantinga’s design plan condition, whether it should be interpreted in a theistic or naturalistic framework.

  • 166.
    Boström, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    ”När man kollar på bilden tänker man så här”: en receptionsstudie av gymnasieelevers uppfattning om bilder som kunskapskällor i historieundervisningen2014Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Images are used in history education for a variety of reasons, not least to generate interest through a better understanding of historical events and people. The aim of this study was to investigate how historical pictures, either illustrated or documentary/photographic, can be used as a resource for activating and improving pupils' historical empathy, in the way described by Stéphane Lévasque.

    I conducted a reception study on five different focus groups consisting of pupils from different upper secondary schools in Sweden. The pupils varied with regard to number of credits for admission to upper secondary school. A sixth group of pupils was interviewed as a contrasting control group in order to add perspective to the results. The discussions were based on the pupils' interpretations of 34 selected pictures, all of which were taken from the most common history textbooks. Each pupil was asked to choose the picture he/she felt was the most representative historical image. On the basis of the strategies used by the pupils when interpreting the pictures and discussing them, the material was analysed in accordance with Lévesque's categories: imagination, historical contextualisation and morals. The last category, morals, was further divided into three sub-categories: sense of justice, sympathy and progression.

    The reflections of the pupils and the degree of contextualisation varied. It appeared that the pupils were less inclined to discuss assumptions about the persons in the pictures; instead they chose to discuss the historical context in question. The pictures in this study did not seem to trigger the pupils to fabricate anachronistic reasoning about history; when they did produce lengthy reasoning, it was contextual, structural and metahistorical. In this context, the pupils who belonged to the group with the highest average of credits showed some signs of reflection on the basis of historical context and some criticism about the historical sources. On no occasion did any of the pupils choose a picture as a concrete expression of injustice.

    One of the questions this study aimed to explore was whether a lack of historical context affects how pictures trigger emotions and reasoning on the basis of moral aspects. Some of the pupils displayed moral standpoints, primarily the degree of morals concerning injustice. One possible interpretation could be that the feeling of being unfairly treated and subjected to insulting behaviour and social injustice was something the pupils could relate to. The group of pupils who had not yet studied history at upper secondary school, the control group, generally made reflections using this sort of reasoning when they discussed the historical aspects of the pictures.

  • 167.
    Boström, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Seeing is Knowing, or The Creation of a "New Real"2014In: Engaging with Educational Space: Visualizing Spaces of Teaching and Learning / [ed] Catherine Burke, Ian Grosvenor & Björn Norlin, Umeå: Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier , 2014, p. 68-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 168.
    Boucher, Caroline
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Brièveté et prolixité des traducteurs en langue vernaculaire à la fin du moyen âge2007In: The Medieval Translator: Traduire au Moyen Age / [ed] J. Jenkins & O. Bertrand, Turnhout Brepols Publishers , 2007, , p. 271-238p. 271-283Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 169.
    Boucher, Caroline
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Dumas, Genevieve
    Univ Sherbrooke, Dept Hist, Sherbrooke, PQ J1K 2R1, Canada.
    Medical Translations and Practical Compilations: A Necessary Coincidence?2012In: Early Science and Medicine, ISSN 1383-7427, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 273-308Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Medical Translations and Practical Compilations: A Necessary Coincidence? Fourteenth-and fifteenth-century medicine is characterised by a trickle-down effect which led to an increasing dissemination of knowledge in the vernacular. In this context, translations and compilations appear to be two similar endeavours aiming to provide access to contents pertaining to the particulars of medical practice. Nowhere is this phenomenon seen more clearly than in vernacular manuscripts on surgery. Our study proposes to compare for the first time two corpora of manuscripts of surgical compilations, in Middle French and Middle English respectively, in order to discuss form and matter in this type of book production.

  • 170.
    Boucher, Caroline
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Pouzet, Jean-Pascal
    La Matière des Échecs amoureux, d’Evrart de Conty à Reson and Sensuallyte2009In: Lost in Translation? / [ed] Denis Renevey and Christiana Whitehead, Turnhout: Brepols , 2009, p. 157-172Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 171.
    Braas, Erika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Föreställningar om psykiska funktionshinder: inom svensk nationell politik 1999-20162016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 172.
    Brandlöv Rova, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Lars Levi Laestadius, den lutherska bekännelsen och kyrkolivet i Tornedalen: En jämförande teologisk undersökning som belyser en väckelses påverkan på en bygd2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 173. Brandstrom, Sven
    et al.
    Przybeck, Thomas R.
    Sigvardsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Reliability of informant ratings and spouse similarity based on the temperament and character inventory2011In: Psychological Reports, ISSN 0033-2941, E-ISSN 1558-691X, Vol. 109, no 1, p. 231-242Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A cohort of 136 Swedish spouse pairs rated themselves and each other with the Temperament and Character Inventory. The data allowed assessment of the reliability of ratings by knowledgeable informants compared to self-rating for this personality test. The reliability of the informant rating was in the expected range, with an average correlation of .58. Agreement was slightly higher for the Temperament dimensions than for the Character dimensions. Additionally, the design allowed evaluation of the similarity between husbands and wives across the seven dimensions measured by the TCI. Correlations between spouses in self-reports were very low for Temperament, with only Harm Avoidance having a statistically significant correlation (.22, p < .05). On the other hand, all three Character dimensions were significantly correlated. These results support the conceptualization of Temperament and Character as separate components of personality. The results are consistent with previous reports on the personality of spouse pairs.

  • 174.
    Brattgård, Tove
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Den pliktetiska datorn: En diskussion om förutsättningarna för Kants pliktetik som etisk teori i datorer som har en plats i vardagen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many has asked themselves the question, now when technology gets a larger importance in everyday life, if it is necessary to give this technology the ability to act according to an ethical theory. In this paper I will say that it is a good idea to give computers that take part in everyday life an ethic, even though they are not conscious or ethically responsible to a higher degree. The choosen ethic for this paper is the deontological ethics of Kant, which initially seems very appealing as an ethic for computers. I write that even if that is the case, it is not suitable as a theory for computers. As a conclusion I have choosen to present questions that may be up for discussion later, or that will be interesting to discuss when computers work under new conditions. This paper is written in Swedish.

    Key words: Kant, ethics, technology, computers, consciousness, thinking.

  • 175.
    Brauer, John
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Dygdig socionom: Om möjligheten att införliva dygdetik inom socialtjänsten2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Socionomer verksamma inom socialtjänsten möter ofta svåra etiska dilemman, hur kan dessa lösas på bästa sätt? Socialtjänsten som institution är baserad på en upplysningsbaserad moralfilosofisk tradition med hänvisning till mänskliga rättigheter. Ett förslag på alternativ professionsetisk grund är dygdetik, inte sällan med hänvisning till Alasdair Macintyres verk After Virtue. Denna uppsats syftar till att utreda möjligheten till att införliva Macintyres tolkning av dygdetik inom socialtjänsten. Slutsatsen är att ett sådant införlivande krockar med de universella anspråk som är grunden för socialtjänsten vilket blir problematiskt i ett mångkulturellt samhälle som Sverige. Att förorda dygdetik för socionomer som grupp eller enskilda praktiker skulle innebära att de arbetade i ständig opposition mot socialtjänsten vilket i längden bedöms vara ohållbart. Av dessa anledningar förkastas dygdetiken i Macintyres tolkning. Dock skulle det vara möjligt att införliva en mindre radikal tolkning av dygdetik vilken inte krockar med rättighetsbaserade teorier.

  • 176.
    Breimer, Matteus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Fäder på vakt.: Rikets Ständers debatt om giftomannarätten 1859-1860 och 1862-1863.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 177.
    Breitling, Rainer
    et al.
    Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, UK.
    Buckland, Philip I.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Epigean spiders at Abisko Scientific Research Station in Swedish Lapland (Arachnida:Araneae)2015In: Arachnology, ISSN 2050-9928, E-ISSN 2050-9936, Vol. 16, no 8, p. 287-293Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Torneträsk area, including the Abisko National Park, Sweden, is arachnologically one of the best explored sites of Fennoscandia. Here we report the results of pitfall trapping at Abisko Scientific Research Station during the summers of 2004 and 2005, recording 791 individuals of 62 species of spiders. As expected, at the species level, samples were dominated by members of the Linyphiidae, while at the level of individuals Pardosa hyperborea and other lycosids were dominant. Two subsites, on heath and bog, differed substantially in their species profile: 7 species were statistically overrepresented on the drier heath site, while 2 species showed a strong preference for the wetter bog site. The samples also contained the first reported lateral gynadromorph of Archaeodictyna consecuta (Dictynidae). This study, from 195 km north of the Arctic Circle, provides important reference data for continued studies on the long-term effects of climate change on arctic ecosystems.

  • 178. Bromander, Jonas
    et al.
    Straarup, Jørgen
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Stiftssammanställning av svenska kyrkans statistik 19961997In: Perspektiv på Svenska kyrkans statistik 1996 / [ed] Jørgen Straarup, Uppsala: Svenska kyrkans forskningsråd , 1997, p. 119-137Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 179.
    Brunet Johansson, Albert
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Kristen värdegrund: En studie av Kristdemokratiska samhällspartiets utbildningspolitiska ställning i frågan om konfessionella friskolor åren 1984-1994.2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has investigated how the Swedish Christian Democratic Party (KDS) argued for the right of private actors to operate tax-funded schools outside of the public sector – charter schools. The hypothesis of this study was that KDS were openly positive to such a reform and saw it as a chance to run state-funded confessional schools.The study examined political texts produced by the party during a ten-year period, ranging from 1984 to 1994. The study’s methodological approach was one of a qualitative textual analysis, aided by a theoretical framework adapted from Samuel Moyn’s thesis in his book Christian Human Rights.The study concluded that there is empirical support to the thesis, and that KDS were very positive to a reform of the public school system in order to enable publicly funded private schools. There is less evidence to conclude that KDS intended for these schools to be confessional, although this study proposes that there is evidence to suggest as much.

  • 180.
    Brändström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    På återbesök i Nedertorneå: Spädbarnsdödlighet, utomäktenskaplighet och sociala nätverk2004In: Befolkningshistoriska perspektiv: Festskrift till Lars-Göran Tedebrand / [ed] Redaktionskommitté Anders Brändström, Sören Edvinsson, Tom Ericsson och Peter Sköld, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2004, p. 35-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 181.
    Brändström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The Silent Sick. Life-Histories of 19th Century Swedish Hospital Patients1988In: Society, Health and Population during the Demographic Transition / [ed] Anders Brändström and Lars-Göran Tedebrand, Stockholm: Almqvist and Wiksell International , 1988, p. 343-368Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 182.
    Brändström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Ericsson, Tom
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Social mobility and social networks: the lower middle class in late nineteenth century Sundsvall1995In: Swedish Urban Demography during Industrialization / [ed] Anders Brändström and Lars-Göran Tedebrand, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1995, p. 251-283Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 183.
    Brändström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Norrhem, Svante
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Inledning2012In: Människan, arbetet och historien: en vänbok till professor Tom Ericsson / [ed] Anders Brändström & Svante Norrhem, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2012, p. 5-7Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 184.
    Brändström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Norrhem, SvanteUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Människan, arbetet och historien: en vänbok till professor Tom Ericsson2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 185.
    Brändström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Tedebrand, Lars-Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Introduction1995In: Swedish Urban Demography during Industrialization / [ed] Anders Brändström and Lars-Göran Tedebrand, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1995, p. 7-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 186.
    Brändström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Tedebrand, Lars-Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Introduction2000In: Population Dynamics during Industrialization / [ed] Anders Brändström and Lars-Göran Tedebrand, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2000, p. 5-10Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 187.
    Brännlund, Isabelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research. ARCUM.
    Barnmorskan Gertrud Katarina Forsbom: Först på posten och ett helt liv i tjänst2019In: Nybyggarliv. Berättelser om en tid och en bygd: Symposiebidrag från Vilhelminabiennalen 2–3 oktober 2017 / [ed] Susanne Haugen, Umeå: Johan Nordlander-sällskapet , 2019, p. 45-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 188.
    Brännlund, Isabelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Connections to place: taxation lands as objects of place-attachment in southern Sápmi 1740-1870Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 189.
    Brännlund, Isabelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Diverse Sami Livelihoods: A Comparative Study of Livelihoods in Mountain-Reindeer Husbandry Communities in Swedish Sápmi 1860-19202018In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 37-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish state policy regarding the Sam.i from the late nineteenth century onward and studies on Sam.i history have tended to treat reindeer husbandry as much more important than other liveli- hoods practiced by Sam.i communities and families.By comparing live- lihood diversity insouthern and northem mountain-reindeer husband- ry communities in Swedish Säpmi (the traditional land of the Sami people) during the period 1860-1920, this study challenges the notions of Sam.i as reindeer herders and mountain reindeer husbandry as a no- madic monoculture. The results shows that Sami communities and families exploited diverse natural resources, trades and means of sub- sistence. The study supports an understanding of historical Sam.i live- lihoods, were reindeer husbandry as recognized as one of various Sam.i trades and means of subsistence, rather than as the Sam.i livelihood.

  • 190.
    Brännlund, Isabelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Diversity of reindeer husbandry livelihoods: a comparative study of mountain reindeer husbandry in Swedish Sápmi 1860-1920Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 191.
    Brännlund, Isabelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Familiar Places: A History of Place Attachment in a South Sami Community2019In: Genealogy, ISSN 2313-5778, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 1-18, article id 54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In contrast to situations in most other countries, Indigenous land rights in Sweden are tied to a specific livelihood—reindeer husbandry. Consequently, Sami culture is intimately connected to it. Currently, Sami who are not involved in reindeer husbandry use genealogy and attachment to place to signal Sami belonging and claim Sami identity. This paper explores the relationship between Sami genealogy and attachment to place before the reindeer grazing laws of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. I show that within local Sami communities the land representing home was part of family history and identity while using historical archive material, narratives, and storytelling. State projects in the late 19th century challenged the links between family and land by confining Sami land title to reindeer husbandry, thereby constructing a notion of Sami as reindeer herders. The idea has restricted families and individuals from developing their culture and livelihoods as Sami. The construct continues to cause conflicts between Sami and between Sami and other members of local communities. Nevertheless, Sami today continue to evoke their connections to kinship and place, regardless of livelihood.

  • 192.
    Brännlund, Isabelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Histories of reindeer husbandry resilience: land use and social networks of reindeer husbandry in Swedish Sápmi 1740-19202015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Against a background of ongoing and predicted climatic and environmental change facing humans on a global level, this thesis combines historical perspectives with theories of social resilience in a study of reindeer husbandry in Swedish Sápmi, from the late 18th century to the early 20th century. The thesis includes four individual studies that examine the topic from different angles, connected together by reoccurring elements of social resilience. The first paper analyses the adaptive capacity of reindeer husbandry communities in the northernmost part of Swedish Sápmi during the 19th to early 20th century, using materials from the Sami bailiffs’ archives, governors’ reports and documentation from official committees. The second paper is based on similar materials and explores livelihood diversity of reindeer husbandry in southern and northern regions of Swedish Sápmi from 1860 to 1920. The third paper examines the social networks of reindeer husbandry and includes an analysis on how these are represented in demographic sources at the turn of the 20th century. The fourth and final paper examines taxation lands as objects of place-attachment in a south Sami reindeer husbandry context from 1740 to 1870.

    The thesis demonstrates that communities and families practiced highly flexible herding in terms of what pasture area they used, when and how they used it and with whom. In order to maintain this flexibility, communities needed authority to manage their own livelihoods and a diverse and interconnected landscape. The results further show that reindeer husbandry was a dynamic and diverse livelihood, well into the 20th century. Fishing, hunting, trapping or farming was part of many reindeer herding families’ livelihoods. By tethering aspects of diversity to norms and ideals within the communities included in the study, I argue that farming can be understood as both an enforced adaptation and as an adaptive capacity depending on the ideals within the community in question.

    The thesis supports the notions that reindeer husbandry since long has faced many challenges, including: border closings; competing land uses; disturbance from settlers; enforced regulations and laws concerning reindeer husbandry; and restrictions of livelihood diversity. Furthermore, these challenges were not only sources of disturbances in their own right, but they also restricted the adaptive capacity of reindeer herding communities.

  • 193.
    Brännlund, Isabelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Markanvändning i Vilhelmina norra sameby: Girijaure lappskatteland 1740–19192014In: Sydsamer - Landskap och historia: Ett dokumentationsprojekt på sydsamiskt område under åren 2012-2014 / [ed] Erik Norberg och Ulf Stefan Winka, Östersund: Gaaltje , 2014, p. 116-144Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 194.
    Brännlund, Isabelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Påtvingade omställningar och det minskade utrymmet för anpassning: om rennäring, anpassning och kolonialism2012In: Bårjås, ISSN 1502-0002, p. 16-24Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 195.
    Brännlund, Isabelle
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Reindeer management during the colonization of Sami lands: A long-term perspective of vulnerability and adaptation strategies2011In: Global Environmental Change, ISSN 0959-3780, E-ISSN 1872-9495, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 1095-1105Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reindeer husbandry’s strong connection to the land, together with the ongoing climate-change debate, has generated growing interest in its socio-ecological resilience and vulnerability. The ability of indigenous societies and their activities to respond to change is widely recognized to be dependent on several factors, such as socioeconomic forces and aspects of governance, all of which have long historical backgrounds. However, although historians constantly address questions about human societies, there have been very few historical studies on their resilience, vulnerability and adaptation strategies. Here, using historical so­urces, we analyze the vulnerability of reindeer husbandry (and the Sami societies that depended on it) in Sweden during the 19th century. We demonstrate that although reindeer management was a much more diverse enterprise at that time than it is now, the major adaptation strategy and constraining forces were similar to those of today. The foremost adaptation strategy was, and still is, the flexible use of pasture area, and the clearest constraints during the 19th century were the loss of authority over the land and the imposed regulation of reindeer management – both of which were strongly connected to the process of colonization.    

  • 196.
    Brännlund, Isabelle
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Social organization of reindeer husbandry: representations of household and siida structures in demographic material at the turn of the 20th centuryManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 197.
    Brömster, Jacob
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Att behålla eller frige sin träl: En studie om frigivning av trälar i medeltida diplom mellan åren 1250-13352015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 198.
    Brömster, Jacob
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Räfstens vår: Skillnader och likheter i rannsakning och bestraffning ur ett genusperspektiv under ärkebiskop Angermannus visitationsresa våren 15962014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The aim of this study was to investigate and analyze similarities and differences in trials and punishment from a gender perspective, during the inquisition in the episcopate of Linköping. A inquisition initiated by duke Karl but performed by archbishop Abraham Angermannus in the year 1596.During the working process a quantitive method was used in the purpose of getting statistic data considering number of men and women that were trialed and punished. A hermeneutic qualitive method was also used in the purpose of closer investigating certain cases that men and women were involved in. The theoretical concepts that have been of importance and used in this study are the individual and the female subject that is based on gender in judicial procedures.The results showed that 49 % of the men were trialed for quarrel. Not as many men were trialed for contempt towards the church and witchery.The most frequently used corporal punishment in this cases were flogging that were executed for totally 38 % of the men.The investigation also proved that men were punished with these forms of corporal punishments for showing their contempt towards the church. Although flogging were the most sentenced punishment for quarrelsome husbands, some were set free from this, even if they had behaved very badly towards their wife.Not many noblemen was affected by Angermannus inquisition and only six out of seven in total calculations, were trialed for contempt against the church. None of them were punished. In the case of women whom lived in the episcopate, witchery were the most trialed crime.As for the men, the most usual form of corporal punishment for women, were flogging that was executed for 51 %. However, flogging in comparison with number of men punished a greater number of women. But not as many noblewomen were trialed or punished, in comparison with the number of nobleman. Only two were trialed for contempt towards the church.Considering fornication and adultery, a much larger number of men were trialed for adultery. When it comes to certain forms of punishment, more men than women were sentenced to pay various forms of fines to the church. At the same time, a smaller amount of men were sentenced to flogging followed by a number of buckets with water, that were poured over the condemned. Considering the nobles and the cases of sexual crimes more men than women were trialed.Between the sexes, more men than women were sentenced with conditional sentences. In some cases the conditional sentences were identical between the sexes, meanwhile another case proved that a conditional sentence were sentenced for the household.How did the inquisition affect women with different social status? In this case considering farm girls and widows? 112 farm girls and widows were trialed in the episcopate. The quantitative study showed that 94 farm girls in contrast with 18 widows was trialed. Not many widows had to suffer the corporal punishment in comparison with farm girls, whom not only got more punishment, but also were sentenced to flogging, a punishment that never was attested to widows.

    Keywords: Archbishop Angermannus, gender, 16th century, inquisition, protocol, trial, corporal punishment

  • 199. Buckland, Paul C.
    et al.
    Buckland, Philip I.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    The Alder Leaf Beetle Agelastica alni (L.) (Col.: Chrysomelidae) in the Dearne Valley. Climate change or poor quarantine.2014In: Sorby Record, ISSN 0260-2245, no 50, p. 2-6Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 200. Buckland, Paul C.
    et al.
    Buckland, Philip I.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Panagiotakopulu, Eva
    Department of Geography, School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh.
    Caught in a trap: landscape and climate implications of the insect fauna from a Roman well in Sherwood Forest2018In: Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, ISSN 1866-9557, E-ISSN 1866-9565, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 125-140Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sherwood Forest in Nottinghamshire is often considered a well preserved ancient landscape, subsequently having survived by way of centuries of management as a hunting preserve. Archaeological evidence suggests otherwise, with an enclosed landscape beginning in the pre-Roman Iron Age and continuing through the Romanperiod. Due to the nature of the region's soils, however, there is little empirical, palaeoecological evidence on its environmental history prior to the medieval period. This paper presents an insect fauna from a Roman well in a small enclosure in north Nottinghamshire, on the edge of Sherwood Forest, and its interpretation in terms of contemporary land use. Wells and small pools act as large pitfall traps and mayeffectively sample aspects of the local and regional insect fauna. The Wild Goose Cottage fauna and its environmental implications are also compared with a number of archaeologically and geographically similar contexts.

1234567 151 - 200 of 2583
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf