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  • 151.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    ”Även queerteorin måste förklara sig – och ta ställning.: Recension av Når heteroseksualiteten må forklare seg2009Inngår i: Trikster, nr 3Artikkel, omtale (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 152.
    Edenheim, Sara
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Persson, Cecilia
    Enade vi falla, söndrade vi stå!: Reflektioner om kontinuitet, kronologi, myter och stringens2006Inngår i: Kvinnovetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 0348-8365, Vol. 27, nr 2-3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 153.
    Edenheim, Sara
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Akademisk feminism: Institutionalisering, organisation och kritik2014Inngår i: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 35, nr 1, 99-121 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is an examination of what consequences our passion for critical research has had on our relation to Gender Studies as a discipline. The examination begins with the exclusion from, and escape from, another discipline, to the space and possibilities offered by Gender Studies. This move is, however, also an escape into a new discipline and a new order of normativities. We move on to identifying these normativities: 1) Gender Studies as constituted through a compromise with research ideals, where, for example, the concept gender (genus) is depicted as more inclusive than other concepts, and Gender Studies as less critical and political than Feminist Studies, 2) the dogmatism of sisterhood, as an identity based limitation for research, and 3) the constant mix-up with, and adaptation to, both governmental gender equality politics and activist organisations outside the university. In order to exist, Gender Studies has, in some way or another, compromised with all three of these normativities. We do not assume that this development is automatically bad or good – the normativities do not always reinforce each other, incongruences and gaps sometimes appear when they meet, and a compromise also implies that there still remains something of that which is ‘other’, of that which was ‘too much’ and had to be compromised. However, for the moment they seem to interact with a neo-liberal governmentality that restructures politics, activist demands, and identifications as well as research focus and university organisation. Hence, we see a need for a re-organisation of academic feminism, using Gender Studies as a platform, but constituted by neither the traditional object of study (“women/gender”) nor the idea of infinite inclusion and flexibility (“intersectionality”). Instead we propose that passion for critical research (including responsibility of that research), organised around the untimely idea of a non-competitive collegium, constitutes the guiding rules for a non-nostalgic and non-identical academic feminism.

  • 154.
    Edenheim, Sara
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Avskaffa jämställdhetspolitiken!2012Inngår i: Det heter feminism!: 20 anspråksfulla förslag för att förändra världen / [ed] Eduards, Maud; Jansson, Maria; Wendy Maria; Åse, Cecilia, Stockholm: Hallongrottan , 2012, 1, 22-27 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 155.
    Edenheim, Sara
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Representations of Equality: Processes of Depoliticization of the Citizen-Subject2016Inngår i: Gendered Citizenship and the Politics of Representation / [ed] Hilde Danielsen Kari Jegerstedt Ragnhild Muriaas Brita Ytre-Arne, Palgrave Macmillan, 2016Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 156.
    Edenheim, Sara
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Representations of Equality: Processes of Depoliticization of the Citizen-Subject2016Inngår i: Gendered Citizenship and the Politics of Representation / [ed] Hilde Danielsen Kari Jegerstedt Ragnhild Muriaas Brita Ytre-Arne, Palgrave Macmillan, 2016Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 157.
    Edenheim, Sara
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Tracking Down Politics and Power in Neo-liberal Spciety2012Inngår i: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, ISSN 0803-8740, Vol. 20, nr 4, 227-229 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 158.
    Edin, Kerstin
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och folkhälsovetenskap. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Dahlgren, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Lalos, Ann
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Obstetrik och gynekologi.
    Högberg, Ulf
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och folkhälsovetenskap. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Obstetrik och gynekologi.
    "Keeping up a front": narratives about intimate partner violence, pregnancy, and antenatal care2010Inngår i: Violence against Women, ISSN 1077-8012, E-ISSN 1552-8448, Vol. 16, nr 2, 189-206 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Nine women who had been subjected to severe intimate partner violence during pregnancy narrated their ambiguous and contradictory feelings and the various balancing strategies they used to overcome their complex and difficult situations. Because allowing anyone to come close posed a threat, the women mostly denied the situation and kept up a front to hide the violence from others. Three women disclosed ongoing violence to the midwives, but only one said such disclosure was helpful. This article highlights the complexity of being pregnant when living with an abusive partner and challenges antenatal care policies from the perspective of pregnant women.

  • 159.
    Edin, Kerstin
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Nilsson, Bo
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Between desire and rape - narratives about being intimate partners and becoming pregnant in a violent relationship2013Inngår i: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 6, 20984- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Women subjected to intimate partner violence (IPV) experience different forms of abuse. Sexual violence is often under-reported because physically abused women, in particular, might see forced sex as an obligatory part of the sexual interplay. Accordingly, abused women have less sexual autonomy and experience unplanned pregnancies more often than other women. Objective: To describe and analyse nine Swedish women's retrospective stories about IPV with a focus on power and coping strategies as intimate partners, particularly regarding experiences of sex, contraception, and becoming pregnant. Design: Nine qualitative interviews were carried out with women who had been subjected to very severe violence in their intimate relationships and during at least one pregnancy. The stories were analysed using 'Narrative method' with the emphasis on the women's lived experiences. Results: Despite the violence and many contradictory and ambivalent feelings, two of the women described having sex as desirable, reciprocal and as a respite from the rest of the relationship. The other seven women gave a negative and totally different picture, and they viewed sex either as obligatory or as a necessity to prevent or soothe aggression or referred to it as rape and as something that was physically forced upon them. The women's descriptions of their pregnancies ranged from being carefully planned and mostly wanted to completely unwelcome and including flawed contraceptive efforts with subsequent abortions. Conclusions: Women subjected to IPV have diverse and complex experiences that have effects on all parts of the relationship. Intimacy might for some turn into force and rape, but for others sex does not necessarily exclude pleasure and desire and can be a haven of rest from an otherwise violent relationship. Accordingly, women may tell stories that differ from the ones expected as 'the typical abuse story', and this complexity needs to be recognized and dealt with when women seek healthcare, especially concerning contraceptives, abortions, and pregnancies.

  • 160.
    Edin, Kerstin
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Nilsson, Bo
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Men's violence: narratives of men attending anti-violence programmes in Sweden2014Inngår i: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 46, 96-106 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The efficacy of batterer-intervention programmes for men has frequently been questioned, inviting additional research and development. Men inclined to violence have multifaceted problems but are frequently squeezed into ‘one-size-fits-all’ programmes with high ambitions for change that often show little evidence of effectiveness. Some research even indicates that any changes in men's violent behaviour might result from factors not at all linked to the programmes.

    For this study, ten interviews were carried out with men who had attended anti-violence programmes within the Swedish Probation Service. The overall aim was to analyse gendered identity constructions in the narratives of men attending the programmes — how men articulate the course of violent events and in what way they talk about themselves and the programmes.

    According to our results, men defended themselves by making excuses, explanations and victim positions. Furthermore, the men's gendered identity constructions collided with the programmes' ambitions of changing men's conceptions and behaviour.

  • 161.
    Egan Sjölander, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Att HBTQ-certifiera ett hockeylag. Om Kiruna IF och Acceptansprojektet till Allsvenskan.2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 162.
    Elwér, Sofia
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Harryson, Lisa
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Bolin, Malin
    Department of Social Sciences, Mid Sweden University.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Patterns of gender equality at workplaces and psychological distress2013Inngår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, nr 1, e53246Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Research in the field of occupational health often uses a risk factor approach which has been criticized by feminist researchers for not considering the combination of many different variables that are at play simultaneously. To overcome this shortcoming this study aims to identify patterns of gender equality at workplaces and to investigate how these patterns are associated with psychological distress. Questionnaire data from the Northern Swedish Cohort (n=715) have been analysed and supplemented with register data about the participants’ workplaces. The register data were used to create gender equality indicators of women/men ratios of number of employees, educational level, salary and parental leave. Cluster analysis was used to identify patterns of gender equality at the workplaces. Differences in psychological distress between the clusters were analysed by chi-square test and logistic regression analyses, adjusting for individual socio-demographics and previous psychological distress. The cluster analysis resulted in six distinctive clusters with different patterns of gender equality at the workplaces that were associated to psychological distress for women but not for men. For women the highest odds of psychological distress was found on traditionally gender unequal workplaces. The lowest overall occurrence of psychological distress as well as same occurrence for women and men was found on the most gender equal workplaces. The results from this study support the convergence hypothesis as gender equality at the workplace does not only relate to better mental health for women, but also more similar occurrence of mental ill-health between women and men. This study highlights the importance of utilizing a multidimensional view of gender equality to understand its association to health outcomes. Health policies need to consider gender equality at the workplace level as a social determinant of health that is of importance for reducing differences in health outcomes for women and men.

  • 163.
    Enberg, Birgit
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Nordin, Catharina
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och folkhälsovetenskap. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Work experiences of novice occupational therapists and physiotherapists in public sector employment: analyses using two occupational stress models2010Inngår i: Advances in Physiotherapy, ISSN 1403-8196, E-ISSN 1651-1948, Vol. 12, nr 1, 42-49 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to evaluate how recently graduated occupational therapists and physiotherapists, employed by the Swedish county councils and municipalities, experience working in public sector healthcare organization. The study group, 262 occupational therapists and physiotherapists who graduated in 1999, is a sub-sample drawn from a national cross-sectional survey. Data were collected in their third year after graduation. The Swedish Demand-control Questionnaire and the Effort-reward Imbalance Questionnaire together with self-constructed questions were used to evaluate psychosocial factors at work. The results reveal that few were exposed to job strain or effort-reward imbalance (ERI). More were defined as having work-related overcommitment (WOC). Logistic regression analyses revealed a significant association between WOC and ERI, sex, degree of effort and degree of reward. One quarter was dissatisfied with their work and this dissatisfaction was significantly associated with ERI, reward (in the ERI questionnaire), control (in the Demand-control Questionnaire) and type of employer. In conclusion, combining the Demand-control model and the ERI model made it possible to describe and analyse varying aspects of the work of novice occupational therapists and physiotherapists in public sector healthcare.

  • 164.
    Enberg, Birgit
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Stenlund, Hans
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Öhmnan, Ann
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och folkhälsovetenskap. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Gendered career preferences, work satisfaction and unpaid household work among recently graduated physiciansManuskript (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 165.
    Enberg, Birgit
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Sundelin, Gunnevi
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och folkhälsovetenskap. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Work experiences among nurses and physicians in the beginning of their professional careers: analyses using the effort-reward imbalance modelManuskript (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 166.
    Enström, Ann
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Känsla för skådespelarkonst: mot en förståelse av tysta kunskaper och görandets fenomenologi2016Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The primary argument in this thesis is that the common assumption that an actor has emotion inside him- or herself which can be evoked and projected outwards is an outdated misconception. A proposition is made to replace this possessive acting model, which underpins the realist tradition and is based on the popularized aspects of Stanislavsky’s system for actor training, by a situational acting model. This new model is founded on the idea that emotion is something that actors “do”. Furthermore, a theory of this situational model is advanced where the actor is seen to perform emotion in an interplay with action in three different ways: in the world symbolically as an expression, of the world phenomenologically as in-sensing or out-sensing, and with the world as a becoming – which opens the actor up to greater forces of nature and society.                           

              The material in this thesis has been focused on from both a contextualizing and a theoretic perspective. The contextualizing perspective places the actor’s doing of emotions in a historical context. The theoretic aspect concentrates on how performing emotions is realized in practice, and it proceeds from an analysis of two contemporary Swedish examples: the actresses Lena Endre in the role of Lady Macbeth at the Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm in a production of William Shakespeare’s Macbeth from 2006, and Mia Skäringer in her stage show Horny as Hell and Really Holy from 2010. In exploring this material, a combination of Paul Ricoeur’s “hermeneutics of suspicion” and Paul Stoller’s ”sensuous scholarship” is applied.

              A synthetic theoretical approach is employed that is set on a phenomenological foundation in combination with theories of emotion and affect as well as gender theory and theatre theory. The discussion is informed by Michael Polanyi to gain an understanding of tacit knowledge and the role of kinesthesia; by Simone de Beauvoir to establish a perspective on the body as a situation; by Sara Ahmed to see the potential for a cultural politics of emotion and a queer view of intentionality; and by Maurice Merleau-Ponty to propose a way of looking at the human being as being of the world as opposed to in the world. Interpretations of a few of Gilles Deleuze’s and Félix Guattari’s concepts such as rhizome, becoming, and body without organs, are added to this list in order to provide a background for what the third way of doing emotion is about.

  • 167.
    Enström, Ann
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Orienting Towards the Phenomenal Woman: Presenting Mia Skaringer in Her Stage Show Horny as Hell and Really Holy2012Inngår i: Nordic Theatre Studies, ISSN 0904-6380, E-ISSN 2002-3898, Vol. 24, 34-43 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Orienting Towards the Phenomenal Woman: Presenting Mia Skaringer in Her Stage Show Horny as Hell and Really Holy The article presents the Swedish comedian Mia Skaringer and analyzes her one-woman stage show Horny as Hell and Really Holy from 2010. The analysis combines feminist scholar Sara Ahmed's theory of emotion with Simone de Beauvoir's theory of the situated body, but is also influenced by one of the early theatre phenomenologists, Bert O. States, who combined phenomenology and semiotics in a 'binocular vision'. The article scrutinizes the way Skaringer narrates her personal story in the performance, employing such concepts as personal genealogy and intermedial bricolage. Above all, it addresses Skaringer's ironical treatment of the hardships of being and becoming a woman, which Simone de Beauvoir problematized back in 1949 when she declared that woman is the 'second sex'. Drawing on Ahmed's theories of stickiness and circulating objects of emotion, the article investigates how Skaringer uses her situated body in the performance.

  • 168.
    Eriksson, Carola
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin.
    Salander, Pär
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för strålningsvetenskaper, Onkologi.
    Hamberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Men's experiences of intense fear related to childbirth investigated in a Swedish qualitative study2007Inngår i: Journal of Men's health and gender, Vol. 4, 409-418 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 169.
    Eriksson, Liselotte
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Beneficiaries or policyholders?: The role of women in Swedish life insurance 1900-19502014Inngår i: Business History, ISSN 0007-6791, E-ISSN 1743-7938, ISSN 0007-6791, Vol. 56, nr 8, 1335-1360 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the second half of the nineteenth century, women were depicted as dependents and beneficiaries and men as breadwinners and policyholders in Swedish life insurance sales promotions. Furthermore, life insurance was assumed to be a middle-class concern. The notion of the life insurance policyholder as ‘middle class’ and ‘male’ was first contested with the introduction of industrial life insurance, i.e. life insurance for the working classes and also, to a large extent, the rural population in Sweden. The industrial life insurance business contributed to the growth of a large proportion of female life insurance policyholders from the rural and working classes. This article illuminates the contrast between ideological representations of women as the opponents of life insurance in sales promotions and the real actions and roles of women in business history.

  • 170.
    Fjelkestam, Kristina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Den sentimentala romanen och kampen för medborgarskap: Rousseaus Julie och Staëls Delphine2009Inngår i: Sjuttonhundratal: Nordic Yearbook for Eighteenth-Century Studes, ISSN 1652-4772, Vol. 2009, 22-39 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The tragic fates of a great number of women in sentimental novels of the eighteenth century can be viewed against the background of classic liberal theory. They provide examples of how individual freedom and restraint in the name of the common good can be reconciled. Faced with the impossible choice between a life guided by the principle of love and that of virtue, women often choose self-sacrifice as a means of preserving a sense of individuality in the face of the demands of public universality. The epistolary novels, Julie ou La nouvelle Héloïse (1761) of Jean Jacques Rousseau and the Delphine (1802) of Germaine de Staël, present two rather different treatments of this problem. Rousseau´s Julie is a woman whose unquenchable desire transforms her into a prototype of female unreliability not worthy of societal recognition. Staël´s Delphine, in turn, unmasks a ruthless and unpricipled society which prohibits her from becoming its full-fledged member.

  • 171.
    Foka, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Beauty and the Beast: Femininity, animals and humour in Greek Middle Comedy2011Inngår i: Classica et Mediaevalia, ISSN 0106-5815, E-ISSN 1604-9411, Vol. December, nr 62, 51-80 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Approximating humans to animals is a common technique deployed in Greek Literature starting as early as the Epics. In early performances of drama, the topsy turvy nature of Old Comedy encouraged the use of animal characters; choruses of animals, anthropomorphized animals, and animalized humans are common strategies used among Old Comedy playwrights. In Middle Comedy their dramatic use appears limited, yet they are not completely excluded from the repertoire. A number of similes are built around references to animals for both male and female characters. This technique (which draws on epic stylistics) produces social comments in humorous form, especially by assimilating women to tamed and untamed animals. This article explores these animalized manifestations of feminity in selected fragments of Middle Comedy, focusing on Eubulus’ Procris, Alexis’ Isostasion, and The Chorus, and Antilais by Epicrates. The animal references impart occasional ‘otherness’ to several female entities (γυναῖκες and ἑταῖραι), reinforcing the sense of difference from the ‘norm’,  whereas on other occasions they reconfirm the importance of females in the civic environment. Across these fragments, I show how animal imagery outlines gendered alterities within the context of normative Athenian ideology. Ultimately, I compare the semantics of animality and how it is humorously interwoven into femininity in Old and Middle Comedy. 

  • 172.
    Foka, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Beauty and the Beast: Femininity, Animals and Humour in Middle Comedy2011Inngår i: Classica et Mediaevalia, ISSN 0106-5815, E-ISSN 1604-9411, Vol. 62, 51-80 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Approximating humans to animals is a technique employed in Greek Literature, drawing on epic stylistics. The topsy-turvy nature of Old Comedy encouraged the use of animal choruses and characters. In Middle Comedy, their dramatic use appears limited: a number of similes are built around refernces to animals for both male and female characters, producing social comments in humorous form. This paper explores how animal semantics in selected fragments (Alexis and Epicrates)  impart occasional otherness to female entities (women and hetairai) reinforcing the sense of difference from the norm, whereas on other occasions they subtly underline the importance of females in the civic environment. 

  • 173.
    Foka, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Humlab.
    (Digital) Bread and Circuses: Reframing Ancient Spectacle for Different Screens2014Inngår i: Digital Humanities Australasia 2014: Expanding Horizons / [ed] Paul Arthur, The University of Western Sydney Linda Barwick, University of Sydney Craig Bellamy, University of Melbourne Katherine Bode, Australian National University Erik Champion, Curtin University Arianna Ciula, EADH, London, UK Hugh Craig, Newcastle University Jenni Harrison, University of Western Australia Brett D Hirsch, University of Western Australia Jane Hunter, University of Queensland John Hartley, Curtin University Jo Hawkins, The University of Western Australia Philip Mead, The University of Western Australia Renee Newman-­‐Storen, Edith Cowan University Ian Johnson, University of Sydney Nagasaki Kiyonori, The University of Tokyo, Japan Gavan McCarthy, University of Melbourne Sydney Shep, Victoria University Wellington, NZ Tim Sherratt, National Museum of Australia Harold Short, Kings College London, UK James Smithies, University of Canterbury, NZ Nick Thieberger, The University of Melbourne Deb Verhoeven, Deakin University, Perth, Western Australia, 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    It is commonplace that screen-based communication – i.e. TV, cinema, computer screens and ubiquitous devices is continuously mediating cultures (Galloway 2004, Giaccardi et al. 2012). Digital reconstruction is the process of graphically representing ideas and objects (Wileman: 1993). This process, however, requires a conceptual picture to be transferred to in a graphical medium. This paper focuses on the potentials of a conceptual digital construction of a Roman Amphiteatre for multiple screens. I argue that while current ‘historically accurate’ digital depictions of Roman amphitheatres are limited to lifeless and sanitized aerial 3D models, a more innovative, multisensory and participatory reconstruction of entertainment sites for multiple screens can elucidate our understanding of historically and geographically remote social and cultural concepts.

    I propose new methodological tools for generating discourses that add layers of understanding to our contemporary knowledge of the Roman spectacle. A participatory (embodied- tangible computing) and multisensory (sound and vision) digital recreation of a Roman amphitheatre (along the lines of Betts: 2009, Drucker: 2009, and Favro: 2006) can engineer deeper and constructive analyses of the dynamics and systemic operations regarding [ancient and current] popular entertainment. It can generate questions about the cultural and emotional context of ancient spectacle as well as the potentials and limitations set by our current technological grasp. It can further be applicable in research and education in order to anchor both ’traditional’ research questions, as well as the importance of multiplicity within institutional material infrastructure

  • 174.
    Foka, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Foka, A. (2012) Classical Review, Cambridge: RUFFELL (I.A.) Politics and Anti-Realism in Athenian Old Comedy.  The Art of the Impossible. Oxford: Oxford  University Press2013Inngår i: Classical Review, ISSN 0009-840X, E-ISSN 1464-3561, Vol. 63, nr 1, 37-39 s.Artikkel, omtale (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 175.
    Foka, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Half-Naked yet Empowered?:  Spartacus (2010-) (Ancient) Gender Equality in Contemporary Television2013Inngår i: 12th Annual Hawaii International Conference on Social Sciences, Honolulu Hawaii, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Spartacus is attested in several ancient sources (Plutarch, Appian, and Florus) as the leader of a rebellion against the Roman Republic (73 to 71 BC). Despite that none of Spartacus' historical representations overtly suggest that he aimed at reforming Roman society by abolishing slavery and promoting equality, he has inspired a number of intellectuals across times and cultures as a egalitarian leader. Marx, in the Manchester letter to Engels (1861), considered him a real representative of the ancient 'proletariat’ and members of the German Spartacus League, a forerunner of the Communist Party of Germany. In contemporary popular culture, the most recent reception of the tale of Spartacus is the US Television series Spartacus: Blood and 

    Sand (premiered on Starz in: 2010- followed by a late prequel and a sequel), where he is also portrayed as a just and egalitarian leader.

    In this paper, I will discuss how Spartacus (2010-) promotes social and gender equality as an ancient virtue within a contemporary context. Unlike Spartacus’ historical and other cinematic representations, women play a major role in the 2010- TV series either as slaves that join the rebellion, inspired by the egalitarian Thracian slave-leader, or wealthy Romans who oppose him. Despite incidental nudity, scenes of a sexual and violent nature, a TV MA rating for graphic violence, and strong sexual content in overexposed video stylization, I will show that female characters evolve from the older sexualized and objectified females of gladiatorial Sword and Sandals (e.g. Warrior and the Slave Girl: 1958) to strong and brave action heroines. Finally, I will discuss how the 2010- TV series reflects upon the impact of equality and feminism in the portrayal of the ancient world in our contemporary popular culture. 

  • 176.
    Foka, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Literary and performative portrayal of sex-workers in Greek antiquity2012Inngår i: Gender and Language, ISSN 1747-6321, E-ISSN 1747-633XArtikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    From Classical antiquity to the late Roman Empire, courtesans (hetairai) and other sex-workers are considered an integral part of elite lifestyle. In reality, actual evidence about them is scattered and limited. As a result of this, recent scholarship and art represented them as more deliberated and charming than citizen wives  (eg Jung’s archetypes, Manet’s Olympias etc). However, their variability in textual representation resulted in their recent reconstruction as marginal in status with undefined agency and hierarchy (Davidson: 1997; McClure: 2003; Faraone and McClure: 2006). Most importantly, their textual and performative representation varies significantly. In early Attic Comedy for example (5th and 4th BCE) they feature as silent nudes pawed by men (Aristophanes) but they ‘evolve’ within 200 years to the stock character of New Greek Comedy (Menander). There, they are outspoken and somehow, romanticized.  

    This paper attempts an overview and analysis of the courtesans’ portrayal from Old Greek comedy (Aristophanes) to comic texts of the early Roman Empire, namely Lucian’s comic mimes (Dialogues of the Courtesans) and Athenaeus’ proverbial quotations from famous comedies, now lost in extant form (Learned Banqueters 13). I will contextualize the evolution of character and linguistic abilities of the courtesan with reference to their agency, emotions and status.  I will finally demonstrate how courtesan-related humor informs us, modern readers, about the commercialization of sex, gender and agency in the ancient world.

  • 177.
    Foka, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Humlab. Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Queer heroes and action heroines: gender and sexuality in Spartacus2015Inngår i: Spartacus in the television arena: essays on the Starz Series / [ed] Michael G. Cornelius, Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 2015, 1-220 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Spartacus, the Thracian gladiator turned rebel leader, endures as a near-mythic hero who fought for the oppressed against a Roman oligarchy built on the backs of slave labor. The image of Spartacus as a noble if doomed avenger is familiar and his story has been retold through history as a cautionary tale about social injustice.The television series Spartacus takes a different view, with a violent depiction of the man and his times and a focus on the archetype of the gladiator—powerful, courageous and righteous. This collection of new essays studies the series as an exploration of masculinity.In the world of Spartacus, men jockey for social position, question the nature of their lives, examine their relationships with women and with each other, and explore their roles in society and the universe. The series also offers a compelling study of the composite nature of historical narrative in television and film, where key facts from original sources are interwoven with period embellishments, presenting audiences with a history and a fiction whose lines remain blurred by a distant yet all-too-familiar past.

  • 178.
    Foka, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Humlab.
    Arvidsson, Viktor
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Digital gender: a manifesto: report on the research workshop: digital gender: theory, methodology, and practice2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    While early day Internet research often hailed “Cyberspace” as an arena where individuals would be liberated from the social shackles of their biological gender, a growing body of research makes evident the exaggerations present within these romanticized claims. Though the online gender divide is rapidly eroding, the Internet remains rooted in society at large. While digital technologies can challenge normative views, they therefore often maintain status quo. Consequently, there is a need to revisit old claims and challenge traditional notions of ”Digital Gender”. In this vein, this manifesto reports and synthesizes findings and discussions from an international workshop titled ”Digital Gender: Theory, Methodology and Practice”, held at Umeå University, Sweden, in early 2014. Against this backdrop, we chart out a new agenda for research on how the digital intermingle with the social in the production of gender. In particular, we argue that scholars must move past the idea of Internet as a separate – virtual – realm and direct attention to the increasingly complex ways that digital technologies permeate social practices, altering the very fabric of society itself. On the one hand, we stress the need for research that focuses on how particular Internet technologies help maintain as well as challenge normative views of gender. On the other hand, we stress the need to uncover how particular material properties of digital technology affect the (un)making of such views. Overall, we also stress the need for scholars of gender to move beyond binary oppositions and to be appreciative of intersectionality in their analyses of digital gender construction.

  • 179.
    Foka, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Humlab. Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Liliequist, JonasUmeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Laughter, humor and the (un)making of gender: historical and cultural perspectives2015Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A fresh look at longstanding questions, across a temporal range (classical antiquity to the early modern) and a geographical range (Asia to Europe, Islam to Christendom). The optimistic investigators find gender subversion, women's agency, and men's self-criticism in comic forms from high (Homer) to low (folklore, burlesque, jokes, cartoons), imagining a complex audience.

    Humor is the tendency of particular cognitive experiences to provoke laughter and provide amusement. Throughout history, it has played a crucial role in defining gender roles and identities. This collection offers an in-depth thematic examination of this relationship between humor and gender, spanning a variety of historical and cultural backdrops. Bringing together a medley of case studies diachronically and across cultures, the book examines gendered humorous expressions from classical antiquity to the late eighteenth century and across visual culture, literature and performance in both European and Asian premodern contexts.

  • 180.
    Formark, Bodil
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Fältanteckningar om magasinerade flickminnen och ett ambivalent tjejblivande2013Inngår i: Finsk tidskrift : kultur, ekonomi, politik, ISSN 0015-248X, nr 7/8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 181.
    Formark, Bodil
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Jösses flickor, vilket trassel!: Historiska reflektioner kring flickforskningens uppgift i en flickfrämjande och postfeministisk tid2013Inngår i: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, nr 2-3, 7-20 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Oh Boy Girls, What a Tangle! Historical Reflections on the Value of Girlhood Studies in a Girl-Friendly and Post-Feminist Time

    Using the recent establishment of the international day of the Girl Child as an analytical departure point this article addresses three different but intertwined challenges which Girlhood Studies are facing in relation to the contemporary construction of the girl as an important agent for social change. The construction of a historically significant girl represents a significant historical change, which requires further historical analysis and reflection. Seeking to untangle this temporal problem the article first discusses a number of problematic implications caused by the historiographical emphasis of the “invisibility of girls” within the research field. Furthermore, it discusses how this narrative of invisibility also has infused the ideals, norms and discourses among girlhood research- ers. in the article i argue that this narrative represents a risk in relation to the current neo-liberal centering of the girl, as it might entail a tendency to approach all instances where the girl is noticed as a girl in an uncritical manner. The article then analyses how historians have framed the writing of the history of girls and girlhood. a project in which there seems to be an emancipatory ambition to affix a kind of eternal value to the girl, which can be viewed to be in correspondence with contemporary girl power discourses. The article thereafter discusses some historical aspects regarding the relationship between Girlhood Studies and Women’s and Gender Studies both in an international and in a Swedish context. i conclude the article by exemplifying how a more theoretical understanding of girls, girlhood and generation could be used as a framework in the investigation of the Nordic experience of forty years of gender equality politics.

  • 182.
    Formark, Bodil
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Spröda kvarlevor av växtvärk: Tori Amos besjungande av levd flickerfarenhet2013Inngår i: Flicktion. Perspektiv på flickan i fiktionen / [ed] Eva Söderberg, Mia Österlund & Bodil Formark, Malmö: Universus Academic Press , 2013, 258-273 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 183.
    Formark, Bodil
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Mulari, HetaVoipio, Myry
    Nordic girlhoods: new perspectives and outlooks2017Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This edited collection is an interdisciplinary and dialogical endeavor focused on the field of Nordic Girlhood Studies. It investigates young femininity as well as the key themes and concepts of Girlhood Studies, including girl power, feminisms, femininity, gender equality, postfeminism and sexualities in the specific cultural, historical and political context of the Nordic region. The chapters of the book consist of thematic case studies, including memories of girl power in the Finnish context, gendered harassment experienced and explained by Finnish girls, troublesome girlhood within the Swedish context and girls’ subjectification projects in Nordic welfare state. Further, the case studies are accompanied by dialogical Outlook-essays, where researchers either outside Nordic region or from adjacent research fields reflect on Nordic Girlhood Studies through comparisons and reflections form their vantage point. The book will be of scholarly interest to researchers and students working especially on the fields of Girlhood Studies, Youth Studies, Gender Studies, Sociology and Cultural Studies both within the Nordic region and outside.

  • 184.
    Forsberg, Birgitta
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Självhjälpsgrupper för personer med långvarig muskulär smärta: forskning, förekomst och behovet at genusperspektiv2014Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 185.
    Forsberg, Birgitta
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Genusforskarskolan, Umeå universitet och Mittuniversitetet, Östersund.
    Nygren, Lennart
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Fahlgren, Siv
    Forum för genusvetenskap, Mittuniversitetet, Östersund.
    Självhjälpsgrupper för personer med smärta: En nationell kartläggning2009Inngår i: Socionomen, Forskningssupplement, ISSN 0283-1929, nr 3, Forskningssupplement 25, 66-75 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln redovisar en kartläggning av självhjälpsgrupper i Sverige för personer med smärta. Kartläggningen visar att när självhjälpsgrupperna organiseras inom frivilliga organisationer och/eller studieförbund finns en högre andel självstyrda grupper och grupper med cirkelledare, de uppges oftare bestå av enbart kvinnor samt att gruppernas namn anger mer tydligt att de inriktar sig på smärta än när verksamheten organiseras offentligt. Det mest slående resultatet är att självhjälpsgrupper framför allt samlar kvinnor som deltagare, ovasett huvudman.

  • 186.
    Gilenstam, Kajsa
    Umeå universitet, Medicinsk fakultet, Kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap, Idrottsmedicin. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Gender and physiology in ice hockey: a multidimensional study2009Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background That men are prioritised over women has been called the “gender regime in sport”, and has in part been explained by the gender difference in performance. However, gender differences in physical performance between women and men can be debated to depend on how comparisons are made and on the fact that there are many different confounders that may influence the results. Even if attempts are made to overcome this and the groups of women and men are stated to be matched, there are still often differences in training experience in years, or differences in training load. Women tend to have less experience in ice hockey in relation to age and differences in training conditions have also been reported. The aim of this thesis was to investigate how female and male ice hockey players position themselves in their sport and to visualise the interactions between society and biology that may affect performance.

    Theoretical approach and methods Harding’s three perspectives (Symbolic, Structural and Individual) were applied on information from team administration as well as on results from questionnaires, semi-structured interviews, and tests of puck velocity, anthropometrics, body composition, isokinetic muscle strength, ergospirometry and on-ice tests from female and male ice hockey players.

    Results Vast differences in structural conditions were found, for example in hockey history and in the financial situation within the teams and both women and men were aware of the gender differences in structural conditions. However these differences were not even considered when comparisons of the ice hockey performance of women and men were made. Nine out of ten female players increased puck velocity when a more flexible stick and a lighter puck were used thus indicating that poorly adjusted equipment may affect performance. Male ice hockey players were taller, heavier and stronger, had more lean body mass and a higher aerobic capacity compared to the women in absolute values as well as in relation to body weight. However, the differences diminished or disappeared when the values were expressed in relation to lean body mass. Men had higher expectations on their situation as athletes and the interviewed women described men’s ice hockey as superior to theirs and consequently male ice hockey players deserved better conditions.

    Conclusions The views of women and men may affect structural conditions in sport which in turn may affect possibilities in sport for the individual. Gender differences in conditions thus risk confirming the traditional views of femininity and masculinity. However, by moving outside the normal gender boundaries individuals may change the traditional views of femininity and masculinity.

  • 187.
    Gilenstam, Kajsa
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap, Idrottsmedicin. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Henriksson-Larsén, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap, Idrottsmedicin.
    Gendered expectations and structural conditions in ice hockeyInngår i: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, ISSN 0270-1367, E-ISSN 2168-3824Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Using player questionnaires (72 women, 42 men) and club staff interviews, this paper provides an analysis of the effect of structural conditions on expectations of support and hindrance. In spite of large structural conditions women and men rated similar levels of support and hindrance. Yet, both women and men believed that the situation in sport was better for men. The adult women’s lower expectations may be an indication of their awareness of their lower status within their sport. When comparisons are made between women and men in sport it is important to consider that gender operates at different levels and may affect conditions as well as expectations

  • 188.
    Gilenstam, Kajsa
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap, Idrottsmedicin. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Thorsen, Kim
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap, Idrottsmedicin.
    Henriksson-Larsén, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap, Idrottsmedicin.
    Physiological correlates of skating performance in women's and men's ice hockey2011Inngår i: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, ISSN 1064-8011, E-ISSN 1533-4287, Vol. 25, nr 8, 2133-2142 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the current investigation was to identify relationships between physiological off-ice tests and on-ice performance in female and male ice hockey players on a comparable competitive level. Eleven women, 24 ± 3.0 years, and 10 male ice hockey players, 23 ± 2.4 years, were tested for background variables: height, body weight (BW), ice hockey history, and lean body mass (LBM) and peak torque (PT) of the thigh muscles, [latin capital V with dot above]o2peak and aerobic performance (Onset of Blood Lactate Accumulation [OBLA], respiratory exchange ratio [RER1]) during an incremental bicycle ergometer test. Four different on-ice tests were used to measure ice skating performance. For women, skating time was positively correlated (p < 0.05) to BW and negatively correlated to LBM%, PT/BW, OBLA, RER 1, and [latin capital V with dot above]o2peak (ml O2·kg-1 BW-1·min-1) in the Speed test. Acceleration test was positively correlated to BW and negatively correlated to OBLA and RER 1. For men, correlation analysis revealed only 1 significant correlation where skating time was positively correlated to [latin capital V with dot above]o2peak (L O2·min-1) in the Acceleration test. The male group had significantly higher physiological test values in all variables (absolute and relative to BW) but not in relation to LBM. Selected off-ice tests predict skating performance for women but not for men. The group of women was significantly smaller and had a lower physiological performance than the group of men and were slower in the on-ice performance tests. However, gender differences in off-ice variables were reduced or disappeared when values were related to LBM, indicating a similar capacity of producing strength and aerobic power in female and male hockey players. Skating performance in female hockey players may be improved by increasing thigh muscle strength, oxygen uptake, and relative muscle mass.

  • 189.
    Gillving, Caroline
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Negotiating the boundaries of (in)dependent gendered aging2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish welfare society tend to idealize independent and active citizens, in turn pressuring people to care for themselves even when help is needed, a troublesome effect of neo-liberal tendencies that needs to be acknowledged. The purpose with this thesis is therefor to scrutinize the intersection of age and gender through the subjective experience of aging, as an alternative to homogenous representations of “elderly” as a gender-neutral group, concealing the unequal and gendered dimensions of aging. This is a micro-level study focusing on four women in the age of 78-90, as an attempt to explore how delimitations of aging are negotiated and (in)dependency upheld through informal strategies. The analyse illustrates that aging is gendered, further suggesting that it is crucial to not neglect and overlook the important supportive care that women in upper ages provide for themselves and others, in an everyday context.

  • 190.
    Goicolea, Isabel
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Adolescent pregnancies in the Amazon Basin of Ecuador: a rights and gender approach to adolescents' sexual and reproductive health2010Inngår i: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 3, 5280Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Andean region of Latin America over one million adolescent girls get pregnant every year. Adolescent pregnancy (AP) has been associated with adverse health and social outcomes, but it has also been favorably viewed as a pathway to adulthood. AP can also be conceptualized as a marker of inequity, since it disproportionately affects girls from the poorest households and those who have not been able to attend school. Using results from a study carried out in the Amazon Basin of Ecuador, this paper explores APs and adolescents' sexual and reproductive health from a rights and gender approach. The paper points out the main features of a rights and gender approach, and how it can be applied to explore APs. Afterward it describes the methodologies (quantitative and qualitative) and main results of the study, framing the findings within the rights and gender approach. Finally, some implications that could be generalizable to global research on APs are highlighted. The application of the rights and gender framework to explore APs contributes to a more integral view of the issue. The rights and gender framework stresses the importance of the interaction between rights-holders and duty-bearers on the realization of sexual and reproductive rights, and acknowledges the importance of gender-power relations on sexual and reproductive decisions. A rights and gender approach could lead to more integral and constructive interventions, and it could also be useful when exploring other sexual and reproductive health matters.

  • 191.
    Goicolea, Isabel
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Coe, Anna-Britt
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Hurtig, Anna-Karin
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    San Sebastian, Miguel
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Mechanisms for achieving adolescent-friendly services: a realist evaluation approach2012Inngår i: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 5, 18748- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Despite evidence showing that adolescent-friendly health services (AFSs) increase young people's access to these services, health systems across the world are failing to integrate this approach.

    In Latin America, policies aimed at strengthening AFS abound. However, such services are offered only in a limited number of sites, and providers' attitudes and respect for confidentiality have not been addressed to a sufficient extent.

    Methods: The aim of this study was to explore the mechanisms that triggered the transformation of an 'ordinary' health care facility into an AFS in Ecuador. For this purpose, a realist evaluation approach was used in order to analyse three well-functioning AFSs. Information was gathered at the national level and from each of the settings including: (i) statistical information and unpublished reports; (ii) in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with policy makers, health care providers, users and adolescents participating in youth organisations and (iii) observations at the health care facilities. Thematic analysis was carried out, driven by the realist evaluation approach, namely exploring the connections between mechanisms, contexts and outcomes.

    Results: The results highlighted that the development of the AFSs was mediated by four mechanisms: grounded self-confidence in trying new things, legitimacy, a transformative process and an integral approach to adolescents. Along this process, contextual factors at the national and institutional levels were further explored.

    Conclusion: The Ministry of Health of Ecuador, based on the New Guidelines for Comprehensive Care of Adolescent Health, has started the scaling up of AFSs. Our research points towards the need to recognise and incorporate these mechanisms as part of the implementation strategy from the very beginning of the process.

    Although contextually limited to Ecuador, many mechanisms and good practices in these AFS may be relevant to the Latin American setting and elsewhere.

  • 192.
    Goicolea, Isabel
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Coe, Anna-Britt
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Easy to Oppose, Difficult to Propose: Young Activist Men's Framing of Alternative Masculinities under the Hegemony of Machismo in Ecuador2014Inngår i: Young - Nordic Journal of Youth Research, ISSN 1103-3088, E-ISSN 1741-3222, Vol. 22, nr 4, 399-419 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Debates are ongoing on whether man can engage in gender change and challenge hegemonic masculinities. The study aimed to analyze in what ways young Ecuadorian mencurrently or recently involved in activism to advance gender equality and reproductive rightsdefined different masculinities, hegemonic and alternative. We used Grounded Theory to collect and analyze three focus group discussions and 15 individual interviews with 30 young activist men in Ecuador. A core category captured the process of defining masculinities: Moving from passive acceptance of machismo to critical reflection and action' that in turn linked to three theoretical categories: Opposing machismo', From machos to men', and Inspiring opposition to machismo'. We drew upon framing theory in social movement studies to interpret the findings and thereby enhance the theory of hegemonic masculinity. Young activist men successfully framed the problem and motives for collective mobilization, but they wavered when it came to framing solutions.

  • 193.
    Goicolea, Isabel
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Salazar Torres, Mariano
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Edin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    When sex is hardly about mutual pleasure: Dominant and resistant discourses on sexuality and its consequences for young people's sexual health2012Inngår i: International Journal of Sexual Health, ISSN 1931-7611, E-ISSN 1931-762X, Vol. 24, nr 4, 303-317 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores gendered discourses about sexuality in Ecuador, the consequences of these discourses for young people's sexual health, and the possibility of the emergence of resistance and challenge. We analyzed and compared individual interviews and focus-group discussions with: young women, youth service providers, ordinary young men, and activist young men. Five interpretative repertoires emerged: (1) becoming sexually respectable women, (2) policing young women's sexuality, (3) men threatening and protecting women, (4) sexual relations (abusing, fooling, or seducing?), and (5) emerging resistance. The repertoires constructed a hierarchy of sexualities in which heterosexual monogamous lifelong coupledom was normative and women's pleasure was absent, but resistance was emerging.

  • 194.
    Goicolea, Isabel
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Vives-Cases, Carmen
    Minvielle, Fauhn
    Briones-Vozmediano, Erica
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Applying the WHO recommendations on health-sector response to violence against women to assess the Spanish health system: a mixed methods approach2014Inngår i: Gaceta Sanitaria, ISSN 0213-9111, E-ISSN 1578-1283, Vol. 28, nr 3, 238-41 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This methodological note describes the development and application of a mixed-methods protocol to assess the responsiveness of Spanish health systems to violence against women in Spain, based on the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations.

    Five areas for exploration were identified based on the WHO recommendations: policy environment, protocols, training, accountability/monitoring, and prevention/promotion. Two data collection instruments were developed to assess the situation of 17 Spanish regional health systems (RHS) with respect to these areas: 1) a set of indicators to guide a systematic review of secondary sources, and 2) an interview guide to be used with 26 key informants at the regional and national levels.

    We found differences between RHSs in the five areas assessed. The progress of RHSs on the WHO recommendations was notable at the level of policies, moderate in terms of health service delivery, and very limited in terms of preventive actions. Using a mixed-methods approach was useful for triangulation and complementarity during instrument design, data collection and interpretation.

  • 195.
    Goicolea, Isabel
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Wulff, Marianne
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Obstetrik och gynekologi.
    San Sebastian, Miguel
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Adolescent pregnancies and girls' sexual and reproductive rights in the Amazon Basin of Ecuador: an analysis of providers' and policy makers' discourses2010Inngår i: BMC International Health and Human Rights, ISSN 1472-698X, E-ISSN 1472-698X, Vol. 10, nr 12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Adolescent pregnancies are a common phenomenon that can have both positive and negative consequences. The rights framework allows us to explore adolescent pregnancies not just as isolated events, but in relation to girls' sexual and reproductive freedom and their entitlement to a system of health protection that includes both health services and the so called social determinants of health. The aim of this study was to explore policy makers' and service providers' discourses concerning adolescent pregnancies, and discuss the consequences that those discourses have for the exercise of girls' sexual and reproductive rights' in the province of Orellana, located in the amazon basin of Ecuador.

    Methods: We held six focus-group discussions and eleven in-depth interviews with 41 Orellana's service providers and policy makers. Interviews were transcribed and analyzed using discourse analysis, specifically looking for interpretative repertoires.

    Results: Four interpretative repertoires emerged from the interviews. The first repertoire identified was "sex is not for fun" and reflected a moralistic construction of girls' sexual and reproductive health that emphasized abstinence, and sent contradictory messages regarding contraceptive use. The second repertoire -"gendered sexuality and parenthood"-constructed women as sexually uninterested and responsible mothers, while men were constructed as sexually driven and unreliable. The third repertoire was "professionalizing adolescent pregnancies" and lead to patronizing attitudes towards adolescents and disregard of the importance of non-medical expertise. The final repertoire -"idealization of traditional family"-constructed family as the proper space for the raising of adolescents while at the same time acknowledging that sexual abuse and violence within families was common.

    Conclusions: Providers' and policy makers' repertoires determined the areas that the array of sexual and reproductive health services should include, leaving out the ones more prone to cause conflict and opposition, such as gender equality, abortion provision and welfare services for pregnant adolescents. Moralistic attitudes and sexism were present - even if divergences were also found-, limiting services' capability to promote girls' sexual and reproductive health and rights.

  • 196.
    Goicolea, Isabel
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och folkhälsovetenskap. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Obstetrik och gynekologi.
    Wulff, Marianne
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Obstetrik och gynekologi.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och folkhälsovetenskap. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    San Sebastian, Miguel
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Risk factors for pregnancy among adolescent girls in Ecuador's Amazon basin: a case-control study2009Inngår i: Revista panamericana de salud pùblica, ISSN 1020-4989, E-ISSN 1680-5348, Vol. 26, nr 3, 221-228 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. To examine risk factors for pregnancy among adolescent girls in the Amazonbasin of Ecuador.Methods. A matched case-control study with cases and controls identified within a community-based demographic and health survey was conducted in Orellana, Ecuador, from Mayto November 2006. A questionnaire focused on socioeconomic status, family structure, education,reproductive health, and childhood-adolescent trauma was applied. Conditional logisticregression was used to adjust for potential confounders.Results. Respondents included 140 cases and 262 controls. Factors associated with increasedrisk of adolescent pregnancies through multivariate analysis were: sexual abuse duringchildhood-adolescence (odds ratio (OR) 3.06, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.08–8.68);early sexual debut (OR 8.51, 95% CI 1.12–64.90); experiencing periods without mother andfather (OR 10.67, 95% CI 2.67–42.63); and living in a very poor household (OR 15.23, 95%CI 1.43–162.45). Another two factors were statistically associated in the bivariate analysis:being married or in a consensual union (OR 44.34, 95% CI 17.85–142.16) and not being enrolledin school at the time of the interview (OR 6.31, 95% CI 3.70–11.27). For a subsampleof sexually initiated adolescents, “non-use of contraception during first sexual intercourse”was also found to be a risk factor (OR 4.30, 95% CI 1.33–13.90).Conclusion. The study found that early sexual debut, non-use of contraception during firstsexual intercourse, living in a very poor household, having suffered from sexual abuse duringchildhood-adolescence, and family disruption (living extended periods of life without both parents)were associated with adolescent pregnancy in Orellana.

  • 197.
    Goicolea, Isabel
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Salazar Torres, Mariano
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Morras, Ione
    Medicus Mundi Gipuzkoa, San Sebastian, Spain.
    Edin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Condemning violence without rejecting sexism?: Exploring how young men understand intimate partner violence in Ecuador2012Inngår i: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 5, 1-12 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This study aims to explore young men's understanding of intimate partner violence (IPV) in Ecuador, examining similarities and differences between how ordinary and activist young men conceptualize IPV against women. Methods: We conducted individual interviews and focus group discussions (FGDs) with 35 young men - five FGDs and five interviews with ordinary young men, and 11 interviews with activists - and analysed the data generated using qualitative content analysis. Results: Among the ordinary young men the theme 'too much gender equality leads to IPV' emerged, while among the activists the theme 'gender inequality is the root of IPV'. Although both groups in our study rejected IPV, their positions differed, and we claim that this is relevant. While activists considered IPV as rooted in gender inequality, ordinary young men understood it as a response to the conflicts generated by increasing gender equality and women's attempts to gain autonomy.

  • 198.
    Goicolea, Isabel
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Vives-Cases, Carmen
    Intersections between gender and other relevant social determinants of health inequalities2017Inngår i: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 10, 1397909Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 199.
    Granlund, Jeanette
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    ” Spiteful as a woman, but not so nervous”: En kvalitativ studie om representationen av kvinnlighet i utvalda dikter av Sylvia Plath2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie analyseras sju dikter ur Sylvia Plaths diktsamling ”Ariel”. Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka representationen av kvinnlighet och manlighet i utvalda dikter från Sylvia Plaths diktsamling ”Ariel”. Metoden som har använts är diskursanalys som använder begreppen av Laclau och Mouffe. Dessa begrepp användes även som teori, samt att teorier av Judith Butler och Lena Gemzöe har använts. Studien visade på att kvinnligheten i Plaths dikter är väldigt ambivalent, detta gällde även för de manliga subjekten som figurerar i texten men kunde dock ses som mer normativa.

  • 200.
    Gregersdotter, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkstudier.
    Bränström Öhman, Annelie
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Skåreus, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för estetiska ämnen i lärarutbildningen.
    Sisask, Florence
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkstudier.
    Början (på skammen)2009Inngår i: Provins, Norrländsk litterär tidskrift, ISSN 0280-9974, Vol. 28, nr 3, 31-42 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
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