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  • 151.
    Eimermann, Marco
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Agnidakis, Paul
    Åkerlund, Ulrika
    Woube, Annie
    Rural place marketing and consumption-driven mobilities in Northern Sweden: challenges and opportunities for community sustainability2017Inngår i: Journal of Rural and Community Development, ISSN 1712-8277, E-ISSN 1712-8277, Vol. 12, nr 2-3, s. 114-126Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Similar to other northern peripheries, remote, and sparsely populated areas (SPAs) in Sweden’s far north have been confronted with decreasing populations and economic stagnation, forcing local governments to more actively engage in strategies for attracting and retaining populations. This exploratory community case study considers rural place-marketing efforts in the municipalities of Åsele and Storuman, with a particular focus on understanding differing local strategies for attracting consumption-driven movers to "amenity-poor" and "amenity-rich" areas. The case study examines two research questions: what target groups do these municipalities envisage as desired new populations; and to what extent, and how, do they engage in rural place-marketing efforts? Our study reveals that the municipal officials’ views on rural place-marketing strategies differ considerably, as Åsele participates in Europe’s largest emigration expo while Storuman draws on its increasing tourism development to attract seasonal residents and returning young adults in the family-building stage of the life course. The findings further illustrate how production and performance aspects of mobility are essential when studying the socio-economic sustainability of everyday life in sparsely populated northern Swedish municipalities at different geographical places and levels.

  • 152.
    Eimermann, Marco
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Carson, Doris A.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    European lifestyle migrant entrepreneurs and their business networks in Swedish sparsely populated areas2018Inngår i: Processes of immigration in rural Europe: the status quo, implications and development strategies / [ed] Stefan Kordel, Tobias Weidinger and Igor Jelen, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2018, s. 243-269Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    From the perspective of declining rural areas, active lifestyle migrants are expected to contribute to demographic rejuvenation and new economic development via their networks and access to novel knowledge, markets and capital. [...] this chapter studies local and transnational social networks as critical resources mainly for enabling or constraining migrant entrepreneurs' developing business practices.

  • 153.
    Eimermann, Marco
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia. Örebro universitet.
    Forsell, Håkan
    Örebro universitet.
    Introduction: themes and trajectories of urban and regional development in Swedish society2015Inngår i: Place and Identity: A new landscape of social and political change in Sweden / [ed] Eimermann, Marco & Anders Trumberg, Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden, 2015, s. 7-14Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 154.
    Eimermann, Marco
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Arktiskt centrum vid Umeå universitet (Arcum). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Karlsson, Svante
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia. Department of Geography, Media and Communication, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Swede.
    Globalising Swedish countrysides?: A relational approach to rural immigrant restaurateurs with refugee backgrounds2018Inngår i: Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0029-1951, E-ISSN 1502-5292, Vol. 72, nr 2, s. 82-96Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of the article is to connect rural immigrants’ business ventures and development in Sweden to relational perspectives on their proximate and distant family and co-ethnic networks at structural and individual levels. Accordingly, the authors employ a relational approach and draw on in-depth interviews. In the context of urban–rural relationships’ meanings for the restaurateurs’ business benefits and constraints, they address two questions: (1) What does embeddedness in proximate and distant family and co-ethnic networks mean for the interviewed restaurateurs and for their businesses? and (2) How do previous and anticipated transitions in the restaurateurs' families influence their business decisions and migration trajectories? The results suggest that the interviewees employed transnational dimensions in their social embeddedness and that they maintained material and emotional relationships with their countries of origin. This relational approach thus contributes to a better understanding of what the studied businesses mean for the entrepreneurs and the selected localities. The restaurateurs contribute to a globalisation of Swedish countrysides, but their socio-economic potential for countering rural depopulation in Sweden is not fully realised. Additionally, the study illuminates how individuals influence, and are influenced by, place-to-place mobilities on a daily basis and during their life course.

  • 155.
    Eimermann, Marco
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi. Umeå universitet, Arktiskt centrum vid Umeå universitet (Arcum).
    Kordel, Stefan
    Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany.
    International lifestyle migrant entrepreneurs in two New Immigration Destinations: Understanding their evolving mix of embeddedness2018Inngår i: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 64, s. 241-252Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on consumption and production in lifestyle migration to New Immigration Destinations (NIDs). The aim is to understand how and why lifestyle migrants' structural and individual peculiarities affect socio-economic changes in NIDs. Data are drawn from biographical interviews with lifestyle migrants in rural Slovenia and Sweden, adding issues of production to the otherwise prevailing focus on consumption in lifestyle migration studies. We ask how the ongoing quest for a better life and the lifestyle migrants' embedding processes in various contexts affect each other. Studying lifestyle migrants’ strives for better lives implies both an implicit and an explicit focus on temporality, which can result in a complex mix of embeddedness. Although our participants desire social relations with local populations, they establish them to only a limited degree, deploying multiple local and social networks in various locations for business purposes. As such, this article contributes to discussions on the incorporation of novel populations in NIDs and how to evaluate their contributions to local rural development.

  • 156.
    Eimermann, Marco
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi. Umeå universitet, Arktiskt centrum vid Umeå universitet (Arcum).
    Tillberg Mattsson, Karin
    Centre for Research and Development,Uppsala University/Region Gävleborg, Gävle,Sweden.
    Carson, Doris A.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia. Umeå universitet, Arktiskt centrum vid Umeå universitet (Arcum).
    International tourism entrepreneurs in Swedish peripheries: compliance and collision with public tourism strategies2019Inngår i: Regional Science Policy & Practice, E-ISSN 1757-7802, Vol. 11, nr 3, s. 479-492Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the entrepreneurial strategies and development aspirations of immigrant tourism entrepreneurs in rural Sweden, and how they support or conflict with local and regional public sector tourism strategies. Our conceptual framework contrasts the immigrant entrepreneurs' business and lifestyle priorities with public sector responsibilities and development interests. Findings from three case studies suggest that immigrants both collaborate and compete with public sector stakeholders in different tourism destination systems. We identify mismatches in terms of economic, lifestyle and public interest goals, as well as institutional and cultural differences between immigrant entrepreneurs and public sector stakeholders that hinder effective public‐private collaboration.

  • 157.
    Eimermann, Marco
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Trumberg, AndersÖrebro universitet.
    Place and Identity: a new landscape of social and political change in Sweden2015Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is internationally renowned for its generous welfare state. However, over the past decades, changes in economic circumstances and population composition, as well as increasing population concentration in larger urban areas, have imposed new challenges to the Swedish model. What does this imply for individual and collective identity formation? Why and how have some places become more attractive than others? What individuals or groups prosper from these changes and who looses? The authors of this anthology highlight social and political change in Sweden from different perspectives, based on various studies in urban and rural Sweden. They represent five disciplines: history, human geography, political science, social work and sociology. Contextualised by theories on place and identity, the book's ten chapters focus on ageing, lifestyle migration, rural landscape, place branding, group identity, religion, music, the school as a meeting place, unsafety and residential projects. The participating authors are affiliated with the Centre for Urban and Regional Studies (CUReS) at Örebro University, Sweden.

  • 158.
    Eimermann, Marco
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Åkerlund, Ulrika
    David, Inês
    A critical exploration of an emerging lifestyle mobility industry2014Inngår i: The 23rd Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research: The Values of Tourism. Proceedings book. / [ed] Adriana Budeanu, Marie Möckel, Szilvia Gyimóthy, Köpenhamn, 2014, s. 107-108Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The mobility to second homes, sometimes referred to as residential tourism, can be conceptually framed within the emerging concept of lifestyle mobilities. Although related, it differs from tourism in that it refers to relatively permanent movement which entails the intention and material efforts to create a home and a living in the destination context. Tourism mobility is facilitated by agents offering services and products enabling experiences of novelty, difference, authenticity, quality of life and the like. Lifestyle mobilities in many ways taps into this production system but also include products and services related to housing, furbishing and to making a living in place. On an international level the production system is further complicated. In migration studies, the concept of a migration industry refers to the amalgam of agents making a profit out of catering to the needs of migrants. This study is a joint reflection on the production dimension of lifestyle mobilities in the European context. We explore the agents brokering lifestyle for Swedes in Malta; Swedish rural municipalities' place marketing in the Netherlands; and the role of lifestyle media in the Algarve, Portugal. We aim to answer the question: “how (if at all) could the concept of a migration industry be applied to lifestyle mobilities?”.

  • 159.
    Einarsson, Hanna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Meet the locals: Ett bidrag till ökad hållbarhet?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    People all over the world have always been sharing things and experiences but due to rapid technological development, new digital platforms emerged which led to a new way of sharing and the phenomenon sharing economy started to be a common concept.

    The purpose of this study is to explore how Turistrådet Västsveriges newly launched platform Meet the locals could contribute to increased social and economic sustainability. Using existing theories such as sense of place, types of tourists and the host-tourist relationship this was done through multiple interviews together with locals in the project Meet the locals - a platform where you are given opportunities to ‘explore the Swedish lifestyle from a local perspective’.

    The data collected from the interviews were transcribed and analyzed using the thematic analysis which aimed to find connections with the chosen themes based on the theories. These themes were; place attachment, the meeting between host and tourist and sustainability.

    The results in this study establish that sustainability is important for the locals interviewed. However, it is unclear how Meet the locals really are contributing to social and economic sustainability since sustainability is still a complex subject and the project itself is still growing.

  • 160.
    Eklund, Kajsa
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    En kvantitativ studie om besöksnäringens effekt i de svenska landsbygdskommunerna2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The population decline and the rural restructuring of the Swedish countryside has been an issue for the last decades. The restructuring of rural areas had led to the migration of young people that leave the countryside for education and work, and a wider supply of culture and activities in the growing metropolitan regions. Rural areas have difficulty competing with the labour markets in urban areas and larger cities that can offer to a wider range of job opportunities. The rural restructuring has led to that municipalities in these areas face various kinds of challenges, such as an elderly population and big strains on the welfare system.

    The tourism industry has grown into one of the largest businesses of the world, and it continue to expand. The global development of the tourism and recreation brings increased share of employment rate and increased GDP. Likewise, tourism in Sweden has shown a strong growth and many people also argue that the tourism industry can be the future of many rural areas. As employment is one of the main reasons for migration, increased tourism may affect the population growth in these areas. The rural areas in Sweden need to attract young people to move, and stay, to these areas to make the demographic distribution more balanced.

    There are some rural areas in Sweden that are known as tourism-related areas and the purpose with this thesis is to examine whether this tourism areas have a more positive population development than other rural municipalities. This thesis is based on a quantitative method and includes information about the Swedish municipalities in aim to examine the differences and development since the year 2000. 

  • 161. Eliasson, Kent
    et al.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Westerlund, Olle
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
    Geographical labour mobility: Migration or commuting1999Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 162.
    Ellison, David
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten.
    Addressing Adaptation in the EU Policy Framework2010Inngår i: Developing Adaptation Policy and Practice in Europe: Multi-level Governance of Climate Change / [ed] E. Carina H. Keskitalo, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2010, s. 39-96Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Though the EU's climate change mitigation strategy has taken precedence over adaptation, there are signs this is beginning to change With the publication of both a Green (2007) and a White Paper (2009) on an EU Adaptation strategy, the European Commission has taken the important step of initiating broad discussion and encouraging the mainstreaming or integration of adaptation strategies into the existing EU and Member state policy framework Still, without extensive revision in particular in the direction of ecosystem preservation, improvement and creation and the parallel introduction of a Climate Change Commission mandated to pursue mitigation AND adaptation strategies in the Community interest, policy outcomes are likely to remain fragmented and suboptimal Institutional divisions at the EU and national levels reinforce sectorally-driven climate strategies that only partially address the goals of either mitigation or adaptation Among other policy suggestions, this chapter makes two broad recommendations First, the EU and the Member states should seriously re-evaluate the approach to such policies as the water framework directive, Natura 2000 sites and biodiversity, afforestation, ecosystem services and ecosystem preservation Second, significant institutional reforms could heighten EU commitment to the climate change agenda, reinforce its already significant international bargaining authority and broaden the focus and impact of the EU's growing mitigation and adaptation agenda Rapidly changing climate dynamics leave little room to dally.

  • 163.
    Elmlund, Sofia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Kulturhuvudstaden en del av Umeås tillväxtmål: En studie om evenemang kan hjälpa till ökad tillväxt i Umeå2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 164.
    Enlund, Desirée
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Kvinnor leder kampen för välfärd i glesbygden2018Inngår i: Jordemodern, ISSN 0021-7468, Vol. 130, nr 3, s. 11-13Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 165.
    Enlund, Desirée
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Shanghai – A Geographer’s Reflections on a First Academic Visit2018Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 166.
    Enlund, Desirée
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Westergren, Agneta
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Bylund, Christine
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Ett samtal om makten över samhället, arbetet och livet2019Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 167.
    Ericson, Maud
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Planera för havet - Friluftsliv i planeringsprocessen2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was that, in view of the upcoming marine spatial planning, examine in what way active outdoor recreation interests has been meet in Umea municipalities current planning. In addition, outdoor recreation geographic patterns and social values has been examined, and how a dialogue could be created with those involved in outdoor activities and come the marine spatial planning to gain. This work was conducted with a qualitative statement.

    The result of the study has shown that the active outdoor life at sea has a vast geographical spread. Outdoor recreation generates a great social value and wellbeing of the practitioners. Among those actively engaged in outdoor activities there is a strong drive and wish to engage in, and being able to influence the related planning of the sea. Where and how consultations and dialogues are held is very important for the commitment to become. The study has also shows the importance of establishing a dialogue with the relevant associations involved on early stages of the planning process and let the material be included as decision support in the ongoing process. By personal invitations to unions and placing consultation in connection to their activities will increase the incentive to get involved. It is also important that the municipality reconnects to the information regularly to those who chose to get involved. By creating a strong commitment from the grassroots level increases the chances that planning should be accepted and dissatisfaction can be avoided.

  • 168.
    Ericsson, Alexander
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Green Parking Purchase: A Study of Policy, Implementation and Acceptance of Travel Demand Management2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study utilized both quantitative and qualitative methods to investigate different actors and layers of policy, implementation, and reception of pro-environmental Travel Demand Management policy and measures in Umeå. One initiative by Upab (Umeå Parkering AB) and Umeå municipality, Grönt parkeringsköp, which means moving parking spaces from the central area of Umeå and replacing them with facilities that promote sustainable travel, was investigated more thoroughly. The data was collected through a manually distributed survey in three properties that have implemented Grönt parkeringsköp, as well as through interviews with property owners. Utilizing discourse analysis, thematic analysis as well as OLS-regressions, the results have shown that the comprehensive plan of Umeå puts emphasis on sustainable growth to 200 000 inhabitants, as well as minimising car traffic in the central areas of town, mainly through densification of already built-up areas. The property owners stated several motives to implement such policies, including ecological, financial as well as brandstrengthening benefits. Attitudes amongst survey respondents are generally positive towards measures that improve conditions for bicycle users, and more negative towards push-measures. There are different predictors for attitudes and perceived importance of Travel Demand Management measures, including altruism and self-interest. The use of the installed measures through Grönt parkeringsköp however appear to be limited, possibly due to a lack of information.

  • 169.
    Eriksson, David
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Umeå 200 000 invånare: En fallstudie av ett befolkningsmåls genomförbarhet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Population growth is something that many Swedish municipalities strive for. Out of the 290 municipalities in the country, 115 of them have population targets and 103 state that they are targeting an increased population. Umeå in the north of Sweden is one of those municipalities and has a vision to have 200,000 inhabitants by the year of 2050.

    This study aims to critically exam Umeå municipality’s likelihood on fulfilling its vision to have 200,000 inhabitants. Furthermore, the aim is to illustrate the municipality’s planning regarding the spatial distribution of this population growth. This is done by comparing historical average growth data with population projections and the average growth which is required to fulfill the vision. Neither the historical average growth, latest ten years or the population projection done by Umeå is sufficient for the municipality to reach 200,000 inhabitants.

    Among other growth processes, the number of employments in the municipality need to increase to be able to reach the population target. The municipality estimates that 94,000 jobs are required, which is an additional 33,800 from current levels. Neither the historical growth rate last 32 years or the more current last ten years’ rate is sufficient for the number required year 2050.The assessment is that it is unlikely that the municipality will achieve its population target as the rate of growth required is that much higher than both current growth levels and the projected levels in the near future. Even if the goal would to be unattained, the question can be asked if it should be considered as a failure since the municipality still is projected to be under growth, just not to the extent of the targeted levels.

  • 170.
    Eriksson, Emelie
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Svenska slott med hotellverksamhet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study looks upon the castles in Sweden that have transformed from private residence to running a hotel business on the premises. The focus of the study lies in the differences and similarities of the segmentation and marketing aspects of the hotel business of the castles compared between the different counties where they are located. Conducting interviews based on a questionnaire the scientist was able to get responses from 22 castles operating with as hotels out of a total number of 28 such castles in Sweden. The study shows that the seasonal changes in bookings vary both with the type of customer segmentation the castles have chosen and the geographical location of the castles. The main seasonal changes for the majority of the castles fall in line with the hotel business as a whole in Sweden. 

  • 171.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Bostadsbyggande i bostadsbrist: Sker bostadsbyggande på bekostnad av rekreations- och naturområden?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 172.
    Eriksson, Louise
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Vilka platser betyder vad? En intervjstudie om människors flyttningar.2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 173.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Narratives of Mobility and Modernity: Representations of Places and People Among Young Adults in Sweden2017Inngår i: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 23, nr 2, artikkel-id e2002Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to analyse young adults' experiences of moving and the role of identity narratives; how intersecting and multiple identities are constructed through their mobility; and the significance of space and representations of space and place in the processes of subject formation. The focus of this paper is on stories of mobility and the representations of one of many European rural peripheries: the Swedish North. The narratives offer alternative ways of thinking of the urban and the rural; people desire and belong across the places of migration. Even so, the hegemonic neoliberal understanding of the city as progress is reproduced by the informants, while at the same time some of them describe the rural as progressive for valuing the immaterial things people today have forgotten. These narratives can be viewed as ways of both reproducing and resisting the neoliberal understanding of the 'need to be mobile'.

  • 174.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Kulturgeografi.
    (Re)producing a "peripheral" region: Northern Sweden in the news2008Inngår i: Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography, ISSN 0435-3684, E-ISSN 1468-0467, Vol. 90, nr 4, s. 369-388Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Building on theories of internal orientalism, the objectiveof this study is to show how intra-national differences arereproduced through influential media representations. By abstractingnews representations of Norrland, a large, sparsely populatedregion in the northernmost part of Sweden, new modes of“internal othering” within Western modernity are put on view.Real and imagined social and economical differences between the“rural North” and the “urban South” are explained in terms of“cultural differences” and “lifestyle” choices. The concept ofNorrland is used as an abstract essentialized geographical categoryand becomes a metonym for a backward and traditional ruralspace in contrast to equally essentialized urban areas with favouredmodern ideals. Specific traits of parts of the region becomeone with the entire region and the problems of the region becomethe problems of the people living in the region. I argue that thenews representations play a part in the reproduction of a “spaceof exception”, in that one region is constructed as a traditional andundeveloped space in contrast to an otherwise modern nation. Acentral argument of this study is that research on identity constructionand representations of place is needed to come to grips withissues of uneven regional development within western nations.

  • 175.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Staden på kartan2014Inngår i: Provins, ISSN 0280-9974, Vol. 33, nr 1, s. 37-39Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    För Umeå har utmärkelsen till kulturhuvudstad 2014 till stor del handlat om att bygga vidare på ett redan vitalt kulturliv, att försöka bli ännu bättre. Staden har genomgått snabba förändringar inför detta år, på ytan utan såväl som på djupet. Vad innebär dessa förändringar? Vad ska ett kulturhuvudstadsår vara och för vem? Kulturgeograferna Madeleine Eriksson och Rikard Eriksson skriver om Kulturhuvudstaden Umeå och om vad den kulturdrivna entreprenörsandan vill skapa för slags samhälle. 

  • 176.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Priested Nielsen, Helene
    Aalborg University.
    Paulgaard, Gry
    Tromso University.
    The internal other: reproducing and reworking center and periphery2015Inngår i: Remapping gender, place and mobility: global confluences and local particularities in Nordic Peripheries / [ed] Stine Thidemann Faber and Helene Pristed Nielsen, Hants, England: Ashgate, 2015, s. 37-52Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter contains a critical discussion of constructions of centre and periphery in a Nordic context. Specifically, it takes its starting point in media representations of northernmost Denmark, Norway and Sweden, and discusses how discursive constructions of these geographic localities contribute to a co-production of a presumably egalitarian and forward-looking Nordic centre (i.e. the national capital regions). Relying on Said´s notion of Othering (1978), the chapter presents a post-colonial reading of productions of ‘internal others’ in a Nordic context – internal others who are delegated to the geographic as well as the social margins of the presumably modern, gender equal and future oriented Nordic welfare state. Despite widely diverging geographic and demographic realities in the three regions debated in this chapter, they arguably share a territorial stigma (Wacquant 1996; 2007), which may take various expressions either through exoticising or romantising these localities, or presenting them as the last strongholds of xenophobes and bigots within an otherwise open-minded and progressive Nordic welfare state.

  • 177.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Samuelsson, Johannes
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Möjligheterna att upprätthålla god hygien saknas: Brattby vårdhems historia2012Inngår i: Provins, ISSN 0280-9974, Vol. 31, nr 3, s. 10-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 178.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Samuelsson, Johannes
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Platsens (natur)resurser och ortshierarkins logik2015Inngår i: Provins, ISSN 0280-9974, Vol. 4, nr 34, s. 44-51Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 179.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    New figurations of labor in gendered global circuits: migrant workers in the forest berry industry in Norrland, Sweden2015Inngår i: Remapping gender, place and mobility: global confluences and local particularities in Nordic peripheries / [ed] Stine Thidemann Faber and Helene Pristed Nielsen, Farnham, Surrey, UK: Ashgate, 2015, s. 127-142Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary global processes of industrialisation in Asia and de-industrialisation in the rural periphery of Scandinavia produce connections and new figurations of labour that need to be studied in order to tell effective stories about our contemporary world. While urbanisation, industrialisation and labour struggles and organization are increasingly taking place in East Asia (Therborn 2013), some groups of workers engage in international labour migrations to the natural resource based economies of rural Northern Sweden. These industries depend heavily on, primarily, male migrant workers. The ‘coeval multiplicity’ and ‘radical contemporaneity’ (Massey 2005) of rural-urban changes in Asia and transformations in the peripheries of Scandinavia link in complex ways the lives of Asian migrant workers to the rural North of Sweden, through for instance, global production networks and supply chains, and social networks and recruitments by intermediaries. The purpose of this study is, by way of studying representations in media, examine globalist strategies within these rural areas as we argue these areas both function as contrasts, and make up important modernization projects for the global capital and globalist planning (Tsing, 2000). Furthermore, global processes make certain futures possible for different places and people and these processes are transforming relations of class, gender and race/ethnicity. Hence, by analysing the narratives of workers and different actors in natural resource based industries in northern Sweden, we examine the new figurations of labour and the ways in which international labour migrants are implicated in these new figurations; through their everyday practices of work, family life and political agency. 

  • 180.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    The production of the rural landscape and its labour: the development of supply chain capitalism in the Swedish berry industry2018Inngår i: Bulletin of Geography. Socio-Economic Series, ISSN 1732-4254, E-ISSN 2083-8298, Vol. 40, nr 40, s. 68-81Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Increased commercial interest in wild berries in Northern Sweden's resource periphery has connected places and people to a global berry supply chain that produces goods for world markets. As a part of a wider global food chain, every link in this chain is deeply insecure and partly marked by secrecy and mystification. Contemporary representations of the Norrlandic landscape tend to obscure and hide economic conflicts and power relations connected to resource exploitation and corporate concentration, neglecting workers and local communities. This paper examines how globalization, neoliberal policies and the development of supply chain capitalism drive changes in labour markets and migration policies, which in turn shape/and are shaped by both material and immaterial aspects of the Norrlandic landscape. While many studies of global food chains have focused on abstract patterns of chain governance, business economics and logistics, we analyse the wild berry industry by centring on migrant workers and the production of a distinct spatiality through interconnectedness and historical conjuncture, with a starting point in a particular place in the interior of Norrland. We thereby contribute to a different narrative of the Norrlandic landscape, making visible power and labour relations.

  • 181.
    Eriksson, Michael
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Att skapa förutsättningar för destinationsutveckling - en fallstudie om ett samverkansprojekt i Stockholms skärgård2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    There are several destinations in Sweden that extend beyond municipal boundaries. In order to develop these destinations, municipal collaboration must be concluded with the aim of working together for the future and development of the destination.

    The purpose of this essay is to study how interaction between participants in an municipal collaboration project leads to strategic decisions about destination development. Through four interviews with participants from the steering committee taking strategic decisions about the development of Stockholm archipelago, the study's purpose and questions have been answered.

    The result is presented through three themes and five categories identified by analyzing the interviews with thematic analysis. It is clear from the results that the participants in the collaborative project work in relation to the geography that characterizes the Stockholm archipelago. A concrete example presented is that a new ferry line has been developed through the interaction of the operators at the destination with the aim of improving the poor transports that are a problem in the archipelago. Furthermore, the result of the study shows that the work of creating common visions and goals is a complex process that municipal officials do not have the mandate to influence over. This makes cooperation more difficult since each participating municipality must prioritize its vision first and the destinations in second. 

  • 182.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Work–life advantage: Sustaining regional learning and innovation2018Inngår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 52, nr 9, s. 1306-1307Artikkel, omtale (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 183.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Forslund, Fredrik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    How do universities contribute to employment growth?: The role of human capital and knowledge bases2014Inngår i: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 22, nr 12, s. 2584-2604Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to analyze whether employment growth is faster in regions housing a university compared to non-university regions. We argue that universities per se are less likely to trigger externalities that facilitate employment growth. Instead we propose that it depends on the concentration of different skills in that particular region. This is analyzed by running a number of OLS regressions, based on official data on municipal level from Statistics Sweden, on how concentrations of human capital, analytic-, synthetic- and symbolic- knowledge bases in Swedish university regions influence employment growth 2002-2008. The results indicate that presence of universities per se do not influence employment growth. However, the findings suggest that university regions with high concentrations of human capital and, in particular, with employees characterized by the synthetic knowledge base, show higher growth rates. This implies that the influence of universities on employment is greatest in regions with high concentrations of skills able to apply the knowledge created in universities. Consequently, the regional composition of skills needs to match the knowledge produced by universities for significant university-induced spillovers to occur. 

  • 184.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Hansen, Högni
    Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, Geography Section, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Winther, Lars
    Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, Geography Section, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Employment growth and regional development: industrial change and contextual differences between Denmark and Sweden2017Inngår i: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 25, nr 10, s. 1756-1778Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the potential drivers behind uneven regional development in the context of employment growth in Denmark and Sweden. In particular, we are interested in the roles of urbanization, industrial change and the rise of the new economy as manifested in the growth of the two economies in 2002–2007. The aim of this paper is, therefore, to analyse the impact of a number of key industrial sectors on regional employment growth in the two countries. The empirical analysis is based on longitudinal matched employer–employee data retrieved from official registers in each economy from 2002 to 2007, a period of strong national growth following the crisis of early 2000. Our findings indicate that the two economies follow a similar pattern in addressing total employment growth; but looking at changes in employment levels across the national borders of these two relatively similar open economies, we find that, although in general these economies react relatively similarly to changes, embarking on a narrower analysis of the individual sectors reveals marked national differences. This indicates that context matters in the analysis of regional economic dynamics in terms of structure, system and policy. 

  • 185.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Lengyel, Balazs
    Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
    Co-worker networks and agglomeration externalities2019Inngår i: Economic Geography, ISSN 0013-0095, E-ISSN 1944-8287, Vol. 95, nr 1, s. 65-89Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article provides an initial systematic analysis of how social networks influence productivity in regional agglomerations. This is accomplished by means of matched employer–employee data for the entire Swedish economy for the period 1990–2008, allowing us to construct a weighted co-worker network with aggregated tie weights on the plant level. We find evidence that increasing density of the plant-level network has a positive effect on productivity, particularly in large regional industry-clusters with high degrees of specialization. Triadic closure of ties is, however, negatively linked to productivity, suggesting the importance of nonredundant knowledge. Moreover, we find only limited support for the notion that the diversity of linkages within or across regions as such is beneficial for productivity. Instead, we show that the degree of specialization conditions the extent to which both linkages to related industries in the region and nonlocal ties are beneficial. Our results thus suggest that having dense social networks is a crucial feature of high-performing agglomerations, and that interindustry, as well as interregional, linkages are compensatory in cases when sufficient industry specialization is absent.

  • 186.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    What about people in evolutionary economic geography?2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years an increasing interest has been directed towards evolutionary processes of economic change following the notion that history matters for future development. These studies put special emphasis on how the spatial structures of the economy emerge from the micro-behaviours of economic agents (often firms). It this paper we argue that while such an approach indeed may provide new and novel insights on the uneven process of economic change, one important aspect of the economy tend to be neglected, namely the spatial behavior and restrictions of people. In this paper, we therefore outline the ideas to a theoretical framework which more thorough integrates evolutionary economic geography with the time-geographical contribution provided by Torsten Hägerstrand and his adherents in order to provide a synthesis between the interdependent dynamic processes occurring in and between place-specific institutions, firms and people. The paper is structured as followed: First, a critical appraisal of recent evolutionary contributions is presented. This is followed by a discussion on the developments made in time-geography the last couple of decades. The paper ends with a concluding section and an empirical example showing that modern micro-simulation techniques may provide useful insights to the evolutionary processes shaping economic change. The empirical example is framed in recent studies analyzing knowledge flows via the job mobility of skilled individuals within and between local labour markets in Sweden.

  • 187.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Rodriguez-Posé, Andrés
    Department of Geography and Environment, London School of Economics, London, UK.
    Job-related mobility and plant performance in Sweden2017Inngår i: Geoforum, ISSN 0016-7185, E-ISSN 1872-9398, Vol. 83, s. 39-49Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses a Swedish micro-dataset containing 2,696,909 hires during the period 2002-2006 to assess the impact of job-related mobility on plant-level performance. The analysis classifies new recruits according to their work experience and level of formal qualification, as well as by the region of origin and of destination. New hires are divided into graduates and experienced workers and between high- and low-educated. The results point towards the importance of acknowledging both the experience and the skills of new recruits. The greatest benefits are related to hiring new workers from outside the region where the plant is located. The analysis also stresses the importance of geography, with plants in metropolitan regions gaining the most from labour mobility, while the benefits of mobility for plants in smaller, more peripheral regions are more diverse and dependent on both the type and origin of new workers.

  • 188.
    Feltenius, David
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Rönnberg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Regionalisering i det nordliga rummet: Nutida kunskapsläge och framtida utmaningar2007Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 189.
    Fjellström, Amanda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    ”Bilen behövs i Åkersberga men in till Stockholm åker man kollektivt": En kvalitativ studie av kollektivtrafiken i Österåker kommun2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Public transportation is important today due to all the problems connected to the use of cars. To avoid these problems like pollution and traffic jams people need to use the public transportation systems more frequently. Many people today are used to the idea of their cars as a primary way of transportation due to the flexibility it provides. To make them think twice before using the car they need to find a sustainable and flexible substitute to the car, maybe public transportation could be that.

    This thesis aims to identify possibilities for development in the public transportation system. To do so some inhabitants in the municipality of Österåker have been interviewed about their opinion towards the public transportation. The results from the interviews have been thematically coded to be able to find common themes within the answers. The results show that the public transportation system is sufficient to use when commute to and from work, but not adequate enough within the municipality during leisure time or trips for service. This could mirror the opinions of the interviewed inhabitants that the public transportation is time consuming and lack flexibility. To work around these the municipalities and the public transportation companies need to work together to be able to change people’s views and behavioral towards the public transportations.

  • 190.
    Flemström, Karl
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Förutsättningar för mellankommunal översiktsplanering Örnsköldsvik–Umeå: En tematisk dokumentanalys2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 191.
    Foghagen, Christer
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Algae blooms and their consequences on camping tourism on Öland, SwedenManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden camping tourism holds the position as one of the largest niches within the tourism accommodation sector. The camping sector represents more than 17 million or 35% of commercial overnight stays in total. On the island of Öland which is located in Kalmar county, and in Kalmar county itself, the camping sector represents more than 1.75 million or 65% of the annual overnight stays which positions Kalmar and Öland as the second largest camping region in Sweden. However, tourism businesses, and especially island tourism systems, can be vulnerable to shifting environmental conditions. In recent years, the media has highlighted the issue of harmful algae blooms frequently affecting coastlines in the Baltic Sea. Based on structured interviews, this article investigates the perceptions of campground managers and camping tourists on Öland have of the impact of algae blooms on tourism. The results show that both among campground managers and visitors, algae blooms are perceived as an environmental concern that might affect tourism in negative ways.

  • 192.
    Form, Niclas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Bicycle hazards: Do intersections matter?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish city of Umeå is one amongst other cities that has a focus on the increase in the bicycling usage. The municipality of Umeå aims to make public transport, bicycling and walking the most frequently used modes of transport in the city (Umeå kommun, 2017b). There are both positive and negative effects when people are using the bicycle as a mode of transportation. The positive aspects can be increase in health benefits, more environmentally friendly than other transport options and it is a relatively cheap way to transport oneself. The negative aspects can be that more people get hurt due to the risks with bicycling such as physical infrastructure related hazards. The aim of this thesis is to explore if the number of roads in an intersection has any correlation with the amount and severity of accidents and to analyse it in the scope of sustainable development and accessibility. This was done with the quantitative database STRADA which consists of both hospital data and police data on bicycles accidents in the timespan of 2008-2018. The chosen study area was Umeå but with two more specific locations: the city centre and the campus area. Two different approaches were used to utilize the data from STRADA: GIS to create descriptive maps and calculations of the bicycle accidents and logistics-regressions to investigate the accident severity relation to a certain number of chosen variables. The main findings were that it is important that every aspect of bicycling should be as safe as possible otherwise many beneficial effects with bicycling may disappear, such as the ones with sustainable development and accessibility. The results show that there was one type of intersection that had relevance and that was the intersections with three roads in it. Three road intersections were significant in two ways. The first way was that it caused an increased risk in more severe accidents and the second way had an opposite relationship and this was depending on what type of geographical place one was looking at. As with other risk factors there were many variables that affected the outcome of the risk. In Umeå it seemed that people that were over age 39, accidents with vehicles and winter were factors alongside with the three road intersections.

  • 193.
    Fors, Karola
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Barns vardagsresor och föräldrars val av färdsätt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Children’s everyday travel and parents’ choices of mode of travel.

     

    Karola Fors, Department of Geography, Umeå University, Sweden

     

     

    Abstract

    The purpose of this interview study was to investigate parents’ choice of travel mode for their child and behavioral change towards sustainable travel. The study was conducted in Umeå, a city in northern Sweden, in March and April 2019. The interview focused on parents describing from travel journals one week of their child’s travel arrangements. The analysis of the interviews was based on The Theory of Planned Behavior (Azjen 1991). Attitude, perceived Control and Norms, lead to the Intentions to change behavior and this is described by Azjen (1991) and is also noticeable in the study conducted. Mobility Management projects in the municipalities aim to increase the use of sustainable travel modes. The parents described that the reasons for choosing their child’s mode of travel was time, distance, safety and weather conditions as determined by seasons. Some described practical reasons, age and maturity. None of the parents described health and environmental concerns when describing the choice of travel mode. The travel journals showed that most commutes were made by car, especially concerning trips to leisure activities. The intention to make changes towards sustainable travel modes varied in accordance to attitude, perceived control and norms described. Some described the child biking or taking the bus more often, others described future trips mainly by car. The norms in society is a challenge for Mobility Management projects in establishing habits towards sustainable travel modes.

  • 194.
    Forsberg, Magdalena
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Vägens betydelse för turismen: En studie om den nya E4:ans påverkan på Sundsvalls hotellmarknad2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the importance of road connection to the hotel businesses of a destination. Many destinations request a reconstruction of a connected road route due to different reasons. In this case, the highway E4 Sundsvall has undergone a road route change. The main reason why this action was requested was because the highway was affecting people's health from vehicle emissions, due to being located too close to the society. This study intends to examine the direct effects of the rerouting of the road.

    The road that earlier passed through the center of the city is now located outside of Sundsvall. This relocation was conducted mainly due to high amounts of emissions from passing vehicles. Other factors were however also included in the decision to reroute the road. A lot of research shows that there is a strong connection between transport and tourism. This could indicate that this new road location might affect the tourism flow to Sundsvall in a negative way since less people now have to drive through the city. To examine this case, documentation from the project have been studied to understand the expected outcomes of the project. Previous research studies has also been used to gain a deeper understanding of the subject, so that comparisons and analyses can be made in this paper. Passenger statistics across the bridge of Sundsvall has also been collected. This data is used to see the activity on the road, and thus be able to draw back to the purpose of the study. The results however shows that the hotel market in Sundsvall has seen a rise in guest nights and occupied rooms since the new road construction. The project of Sundsvall E4 and previous studies implies the development of a destination. In conclusion, the increase in hotel sales might be linked to city development. This means that in the end, the road route change seems to have a positive connection to the hotel market in Sundsvall, not directly but indirectly because of the changes the city has undergone due to the relocation of the new E4 highway.

  • 195.
    Forss, Linnéa
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Flyttprocessens påverkan på identiteten – utveckling eller avveckling?: En fallstudie kring flytten av Hjalmar Lundbohmsgården i Kiruna2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the thesis is to investigate and analyze how three different actors linked to the urban transformation in the city of Kiruna, in this case LKAB, the Municipality of Kiruna and the County Administrative Board of Norrbotten, believe that the identity of a historical monument that is marked cultural heritage is affected by future relocation. The second part of the study is to investigate the impact the building might have on the city in the future. This study is based on the relocation of Hjalmar Lundbohmsgården.

    The study is based on a qualitative approach in which five informants from the three actors were interviewed. The interviews have been analyzed through thematic analysis, where a combination of theoretical thematic analysis and empirical thematic analysis was used.

     

    The result shows that the new location of Hjalmar Lundbohmsgården is preferred to be in a suitable context close to other cultural buildings. All informants agree that accessibility is a fundamental element in, which a synergistic effect is an increase in visitor numbers. Since the greatest value around Hjalmar Lundbohmsgården is Hjalmar Lundbohm and his deeds, the identity can still be passed on even though the place is not the same. The informants agree that it is important with cultural references in a city so people have something to relate to.

  • 196.
    Frandsen, Albin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Flyttare i Mora kommun: En GIS analys över interna flyttmönster2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 197.
    Fredman, Peter
    et al.
    Miun and ETOUR.
    Boman, Mattias
    SLU.
    Lundmark, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Mattsson, Leif
    SLU.
    Economic values in theSwedish nature-based recreation sector: a synthesis2012Inngår i: Tourism Economics, ISSN 1354-8166, E-ISSN 2044-0375, Vol. 18, nr 4, s. 903-910Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This research synthesis reports the main findings from a review of economic values associated with nature-based recreation in Sweden. The purpose of the work was to support policy and to identify areas for future research. Data came from over 150 scientific publications and other public sources. The authors find inter alia a lack of systematic data for several recreation activities (including naturebased tourism), a significant growth in the outdoor equipment industry and a relatively modest economic involvement by the public sector. The information is structured under different categories to illustrate the significance and range of different economic values. The authors conclude that there is a need for more comprehensive and systematically collected data, methodological development and interdisciplinary research.

  • 198.
    Frisk, Robin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Resmönster & attityder: En studie kring resmönster och attityder för Österbotten och Västerbotten region2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Finns visit Sweden to a greater extent than Swedes visit Finland. This travel pattern also holds true for the regional travel pattern between Österbotten and Västerbotten. This study examines if the distinctive travel habits of each population and the attitudes towards each other can explain the uneven travel pattern between the two regions.

    Tourism between Österbotten and Västerbotten is a valuable source of income for both regions. In order to further develop the tourism routes between the regions, it’s important to examine their travel habits, motives and attitudes. Furthermore, this study will gather in depth data on size of travel groups, travel frequency, travel companionship and common destinations.

    An mixed methods approach will be used in order to understand and explain the uneven travel patterns between both regions. Data is collected through an online survey published in both Österbotten and Västerbotten. The results show differences and similarities between how the populations of both regions tend to travel. These differences could support an explanation for the uneven travel patterns between the regions. The empirical data shows that the populations of both regions hold predjucice attitudes towards each other. However, this only affects travel patterns from Västerbotten to Österbotten negatively.

  • 199.
    Frodlund, Emil
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Who is taking care of the passenger?: Are there any motives for a governmental funded passenger organization in Sweden?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden lacks a powerful advocate who can represent the passengers in the public transport sector. In conjunction with the liberalization of the public transport market, the bus and rail services that have been opened up for competition and the allocation of responsibility within public transport has been divided into a several amount of actors. The liberalization has been positive for the passengers by a wider supply of transport services and also resulted in new service incentives. Within the commercial rail traffic market there is now a variety of tickets in different price ranges. The railway has also been vertical separated into operating traffic and infrastructure management, which have resulted in uncertain accountability at disruptions, for passengers such as the traffic operators. Since the Swedish Transport Administration Trafikverket nowadays procures the maintenance of the railway, the authority has been criticized losing control over their facility.

    The new Public Transport Act was introduced in 2010 and provides the local and regional public transport to be procured by the regional public transport authorities. They decide which traffic in the region that should be offered as obligated service that will be subsidised. The state has been reticent in interfering with the regional authorities but has simultaneously in several governmental investigations identified shortcomings in public transport, for example in the systems for ticketing and information. On voluntary bases the industry has been collaborated since a long time for developing such common platforms but the progress has been slow. However the actors introduced a common digital portal for information and ticketing in January 2015.

    In Denmark and in the United Kingdom there are governmental funded passenger organizations today that comprise operations in quality measurements of public transport and offering support to vulnerable passengers. The organizations are trying to achieve improvements in supply, or demand economic compensation for the passengers in case of traffic disruption.

    With the Government's recent appropriation direction to Trafikverket, the authority now may support non-profit organizations activities that harmonize with the national transport policy objectives, which mean that financial support could be disbursed to the non-profit passenger organization Resenärsforum, which is the leading passenger organization in Sweden today. An establishment of a new authority, to ensure the passengers' interests would require a more comprehensive governmental investigation. Rather, the state needs to take responsibility by establishing a national traffic service program that could clarify the division of responsibilities among existing authorities. That could also comprise commission for actors, as well public as private, for example in operation passenger information at traffic disruptions.

  • 200.
    From, Pethra
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    En åldrande befolkning och en könssegregerad arbetsmarknad: En fallstudie av Lycksele kommun2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
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