umu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
Avgränsa sökresultatet
1234567 151 - 200 av 2610
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Träffar per sida
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
Markera
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 151.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Ethnicity, statistics and health in Sweden - ways forward2016Ingår i: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 75, nr 33200Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 152.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    'In the National Registry, all people are equal': Sami in Swedish statistical sources2011Ingår i: Indigenous peoples and demography: the complex relation between identity and statistics / [ed] Per Axelsson and Peter Sköld, Oxford and New York: Berghahn Books, 2011, 1, s. 117-133Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 153.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Kukutai, Tahu
    National Institute of Demographic and Economic Analysis, University of Waikato.
    Kippen, Rebecca
    School of Rural Health, Monash University, Bendigo, Australia.
    The field of Indigenous health and the role of colonisation and history2016Ingår i: Journal of Population Research, ISSN 1443-2447, Vol. 33, nr 1, s. 1-7Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The workshop leading to this special issue is part of an international, interdisciplinary project 'Indigenous health in transition' led by Per Axelsson, Tahu Kukutai and Rebecca Kippen. We thank the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation and the Swedish Research Council for funding this project; and Vaartoe/Centre for Sami Research at Umeå University, the Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University, and the Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities for providing additional support for the workshop. We also thank the workshop participants, article authors, article reviewers, and the Journal of Population Research.

  • 154.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Sköld, PeterUmeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Indigenous peoples and demography: the complex relation between identity and statistics2011Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    When researchers want to study indigenous populations they are dependent upon the highly variable way in which states or territories enumerate, categorize, and differentiate indigenous people. In this volume, anthropologists, historians, demographers, and sociologists have come together for the first time to examine the historical and contemporary construct of indigenous people in a number of fascinating geographical contexts around the world, including Canada, the United States, Colombia, Russia, Scandinavia, the Balkans, and the United Kingdom. Using historical and demographical evidence, the contributors explore the creation and validity of categories for enumerating indigenous populations; the use and misuse of ethnic markers, micro-demographic investigations, and demographic databases; and thereby show how the situation varies substantially between countries.

  • 155.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Introduction2011Ingår i: Indigenous peoples and demography: the complex relation between identity and statistics / [ed] Per Axelsson and Peter Sköld, Oxford and New York: Berghahn Books, 2011, s. 1-14Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 156.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Samisk forskning – eftersatt och efterfrågad2006Ingår i: Tvärsnitt: Humanistisk och samhällsvetenskaplig forskning, ISSN 0348-7997, Vol. 1, s. 18-22Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 157.
    Axelsson, Per
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Sköld, Peter
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam).
    Anderson, David, G.
    University of Tromsö.
    Ziker, John
    Boise State University.
    Epilogue: from indigenous demographics to an indigenous demography2011Ingår i: Indigenous peoples and demography: the complex relation between identity and statistics / [ed] Per Axelsson and Peter Sköld, Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2011, s. 295-308Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 158.
    Azarian, Reza
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Imitative behavior among producer Firms: some insights from social psychology2015Ingår i: Human Systems Management, ISSN 0167-2533, E-ISSN 1875-8703, Vol. 34, nr 4, s. 301-310Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Focusing on production markets, the article provides a detailed description of the particular conditions that turn rational imitation the most feasible strategy for reducing the uncertainties that firms face when making business decisions. On the basis of this description several features are identified, which in a unique combination induced by the particularities of the production process characterize the imitative behavior of producer firms. First, the existence of a substantial niche overlap is crucial for any individual firm to identify the most relevant significant others to be imitated. Second, rational imitation is a dual process in that the functional similarity that provides the firms in a single market with a ground for imitation also underpins their attempts at individuation through product differentiation. Finally, in its pursuit to stay in the market, any individual firm continuously needs to fit its choices into those of its peers – requiring the firm not only to monitor the business decisions the other firms actually make, but also assuming the choices they are most likely to make.

  • 159.
    Azarian, Reza
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Kapitalformer och fält2007Ingår i: Social Handling och sociala relationer / [ed] Christofer Edling och Jens Rydgren, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2007, s. 253-280Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 160.
    Azarian, Reza
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Marianne Fredriksson: mötet mellan det traditionella och det moderna samhället2015Ingår i: Sociologi genom litteratur: skönlitteraturens möjligheter och samhällsvetenskapens begränsningar / [ed] Christpfer Edling och Jens Rydgren, Malmö: Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2015, s. 123-131Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 161.
    Azarian, Reza
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    "Nätverk och relationer mellan företag"2014Ingår i: Ekonomisk sociologi: en introduktion / [ed] Reza Azarian, Adel Daoud och Bengt Larsson, Malmö: Liber, 2014, s. 128-149Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 162.
    Azarian, Reza
    Sociologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    The general sociology of Harrison White2003Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis the main features of Harrison C. White’s general sociology are studied. Since the 1960s White has played a crucial role in the development of the social network approach. He is well known for both the fecundity of the analytical tools he has developed over the years and for the original contributions he has made to several sub­fields of the discipline. White has also developed an unconventional and highly individual approach to social reality that, as the end-result of a sustained synthesizing effort, has grown out of a long and persistent endeavor. Yet, more than a decade after its publication, this general theoretical approach still remains largely unexplored.

    The main argument of this study is that White’s approach represents one of the mast persistent, elaborated and systematic efforts to enrich the analytical rigorous of the social network approach by adding the substantive theoretical insights that have been elaborated mainly within the symbolic interactionist perspective and the tradition of phenomenological sociology. In this study, first the premises of White’s approach are examined. It is demonstrated how White uses social networks as an analytical tool in order to obtain causal explanations of social phenomena. It is also shown how White re- conceptualizes the notions of social relationship and embeddedness. Furthermore, it is also discussed how White, on the basis of these conceptual innovations, develops a novel image of modern social contexts. This study proceeds by presenting the set of new basic concepts that are derived from this image, seeking to locate these concepts within the larger and more familiar context of theoretical sociology.

    It is also demonstrated in this study that White’s particular image of modern social contexts leads him to pose new questions and to develop new modes of analysis to

    answer them. White’s view of modem societies radically alters the very nature and state of the question of social order as well as the premises of its answer. As White dismisses the conventional formulations of the problem of social order, he considers the issue to be a question of identifying the small enclaves of regularity within the social landscape that is dynamic, indeterminate and shifting. In more concrete terms, it becomes a question of identifying the limited, local and stable patterns or configurations of relationships that prove sustainable and thus observable, despite all the dynamics of embeddedness and connectivity.

    Finally, the basic theoretical features of White’s model of production markets are presented and discussed. Production markets is a topic to which White has devoted a great deal of interest. Ever since the mid-1970s he has produced a long series of work with the ambition of developing a sociological account of these markets. This account represents the most extensive application of White’s general sociology, where he fleshes out his abstract ideas and arguments and where one finds a concrete case of his account of the emergence of social structures and local orders out of network ties and flows.

    The main conclusion of this study is that, despite all its shortcomings, the general sociological perspective that White has developed is an important contribution. It provides sociology with a new foundation and shows the direction towards which the discipline should be moving.

  • 163.
    Azarian, Reza
    Stockholms universitet.
    Trade-offs in Choice of Inter-firm Transaction Structure: A Qualitative Study of Perceived Comparative Advantages of Business Relation over Vertical Integration2012Ingår i: Journal of Sociology, ISSN 0004-8690, ISSN 0004-8690Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates how a plastic manufacturing firm handles the challenging task of comparing and choosing among the feasible alternative modes of structuring the flow of repeated transaction with one of its key suppliers. Qualitative interviews are used to explore the perceptions of the management of the firm concerning the advantages and disadvantages associated with each alternative, and the main findings suggest that the selection of the transaction structure intended to reduce boundary uncertainty is itself an uncertain choice. Since many of the gains and drawbacks of the alternatives are unknown and even unknowable in advance, the firm is unable to set up a conclusive comparative assessment to underpin its choice. Instead it is inclined to select the alternative that is perceived as the one allowing most flexibility.

  • 164.
    Azarian, Reza
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Uncertainty as a Common Ground for a Dialogue between Economics and Sociology2016Ingår i: International Review of Sociology, ISSN 0390-6701, E-ISSN 1469-9273, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 262-275Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article focuses on inter-firm relations, primarily seen as protective devises crafted for keeping at an arm's length various kinds of uncertainties involved in boundary transactions. Taking a holistic view, it proposes the notion of relational habitat, which refers to the relatively durable constellation of relations that connect a given firm to its main business partners. Performing a double-edged protective function, this constellation both stabilizes and simplifies the immediate operational domain of the firm and, thereby, diminishes to manageable levels the complexity of the relevant parts of the environment. By expanding the control of the firm beyond its organizational borders, relational habitat reduces the constraining impact of boundary uncertainty and enhances the action capacity of the firm – facilitating the materialization of its chosen line of action and its desired objectives. The article specifies this notion in detail and highlights some of its implications, both for the theoretical development of economic sociology and for its relation to economics.

  • 165.
    Azarian, Reza
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Patterns in Account-Giving among White Collar Criminals2014Ingår i: Deviant behavior, ISSN 0163-9625, E-ISSN 1521-0456, Vol. 35, nr 2, s. 101-115Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Using Swedish entrepreneurs' own explanations, this article searches for the possible regularities in the accounts offered by white collar offenders and for the underlying factors that produce these regularities, tracing in particular the impact of these offenders' attitudes toward regulation and taxation as well as their perceptions of the functioning of the market in which they operate. The results show that justifications are more common among offenders who have a clearly negative view on both factors. Excuses, on the other hand, are more frequently used by those who hold a positive attitude toward taxation and regulation. The results also show that offenders who offer excuses tend to share the same negative perception of the market as the “justifiers.” This unanticipated finding suggests that the “excusers” commit their offenses because they believe that the unlawful behaviors of the relevant others disturb the functioning of the market mechanism and thereby push them toward criminality.

  • 166.
    Azarian, Reza
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Daoud, Adel
    Sociologiska institutionen, Göteborgs universitet.
    Larsson, Bengt
    Sociologiska institutionen, Göteborgs universitet.
    Ekonomisk sociologi: en introduktion2014Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 167.
    Backlund, Kenneth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nationalekonomi.
    Welfare measurement, externalities and Pigouvian taxation in dynamic economies2000Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of five papers.

    Paper [1] analyzes one possible way of replacing dynamic Pigouvian taxes by a static approximation of such taxes from the point of view of social accounting. The idea is to approximate a Pigouvian emission tax by using the instantaneous marginal willingness to pay to reduce the stock of pollution. If this approximation is close enough to the correct Pigouvian tax it will be useful for at least two reasons: (i) it brings the economy close to the socially optimal solution; and (ii) it provides information relevant for social accounting by closely approximating the value of additions to the stock of pollution.

    Paper [2] analyzes the welfare effects of an agreement between countries to slightly increase their emission taxes. The results indicate that such an agreement need not necessarily increase the global welfare level, even if each individual country has set its prereform emission tax to be lower than the marginal social cost of pollution.

    Paper [3] provides an economic framework for analyzing the global warming problem, emphasizing the use of forests as a means of carbon sequestration. We explore the difference between the decentralized economy and the socially optimal resource allocation, and discuss the appropriate tax system required to implement the first best optimum.

    Paper [4] incorporates the uncertainty involved in the production of nuclear energy into a dynamic general equilibrium growth model. We compare the resource allocation in the decentralized economy with the socially optimal resource allocation and design the dynamic Pigouvian taxes that make the decentralized economy reproduce the socially optimal resource allocation.

    Paper [5] treats externalities from nuclear power in a dynamic differential game framework involving two countries, which differ with regard to their nuclear technology. The model is solved numerically, where one country is considered relatively safe and the other relatively less safe.

  • 168.
    Backlund, Sara
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Starka tillsammans?: Sociala faktorer och depression. En jämförande studie mellan kvinnor och män2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att jämföra och se om olika sociala faktorer kan kopplas till könsskillnaderna i depression bland kvinnor och män. Undersökningen görs med hjälp av regressionsanalys och datamaterialet som använts i denna studie kommer från ESS, European Social Survey. Resultatet som framkommer i studien visar att sociala faktorer till viss del kan förklara könsskillnaderna inom depression. Sociala faktorer visade sig ha en starkare koppling till depression bland kvinnor än bland män.

  • 169.
    Backlund, Åsa
    et al.
    Institutionen för social arbete, Stockholms universitet.
    Ekberg, Margareta
    Institutionen för pedagogik, psykologi och idrottsvetenskap, Linnéuniversitetet.
    Hugo, Martin
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Isaksson, Joakim
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Strand, Ann-Sofie
    Avdelningen för beteendevetenskap och socialt arbete, Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Skolsocialt arbete - en angelägenhet för alla?2012Ingår i: Socionomen Facktidsskriften för kvalificerat socialt arbete, ISSN 0283-1929, nr 2, s. 26-31Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 170.
    Backteman, Siri
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Gauffin, Madeleine
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Jag bidrar med en ny dimension: Om hur kuratorer inom psykiatrin upplever sin yrkesroll samt det interprofessionella samarbetet2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet är att undersöka hur kuratorer beskriver sin yrkesroll samt det interprofessionella arbetet på en psykiatrisk klinik. Mer ingående undersöks hur kuratorerna upplever sin arbetssituation, hur det interprofessionella arbetet fungerar på arbetsplatsen samt vilken inställning de har till en yrkeslegitimation för kuratorer inom hälso- och sjukvård. Fyra kuratorer som alla arbetare på olika mottagningar inom en och samma psykiatriska klinik medverkade i var sin kvalitativ intervju. Resultatet visar att kunskapen om riktlinjer för kuratorers arbetsuppdrag är vag både hos kuratorerna själva och på ledningsnivå. Trots det finns det en säkerhet i kuratorernas eget arbetsutförande. Kuratorerna upplever sig bidra med en helhetssyn utanför diagnoser och det medicinska arbetet och samtliga kuratorer arbetar dagligen i team med andra yrkesprofessioner. Resultatet visar att för ett gott samarbete krävs tydlighet i professionernas olika ansvarsområden och avgränsning i deras arbetsuppgifter. Kuratorerna har en önskan att förtydliga sina ansvarsområden samt stärka sin yrkesroll, vilket de tror att en legitimation skulle bidra till.

  • 171.
    Baranowska, Anna
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    Changing patterns of entry into employment and motherhood in Poland: a cross cohort comparison2011Ingår i: Youth on globalised labour markets: rising uncertainty and its effects on early employment and family lives in Europe / [ed] Blossfeld H-P, Bertolini S, Hofäcker D, Barbara Budrich Publishers , 2011Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 172.
    Baranowska, Anna
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    Decyzje kobiet u progu wejścia w dorosłość: inwestycja w karierę zawodową czy rodzinną? Rola kapitału ludzkiego i uwarunkowań instytucjonalnych2007Ingår i: Strukturalne i kulturowe uwarunkowania aktywności zawodowej kobiet w polsce. / [ed] Irena E Kotowska, Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar , 2007Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 173.
    Baranowska, Anna
    Warsaw School of Economics.
    Decyzje prokreacyjne: preferencje a realizacja2007Ingår i: Aktywność zawodowa i edukacyjna a obowiązki rodzinne w Polsce w świetle badań empirycznych / [ed] Kotowska I. E., Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar , 2007Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 174.
    Baranowska, Anna
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    Does horizontal differentiation make any difference? Heterogeneity of educational degrees and labor market entry in Poland.2011Ingår i: Making the transition: education and labor market entry in Central and Eastern Europe / [ed] Irena Kogan, Clemens Noelke, and Michael Gebel, Stanford University Press, 2011, s. 216-239Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 175.
    Baranowska, Anna
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Poland.
    Family formation and subjective well-being: A literature overview2010Ingår i: Studia Demograficzne, ISSN 0039-3134, Vol. 157/158, nr 1-2, s. 103-127Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    While most frequently cited economic models of family formation link partnership or parenthood decisions with the concept of maximisation of life-cycle utility, empirical research has so far assumed that life satisfaction represents a factor which cannot be measured directly. Empirical studies have therefore treated the utility derived from partnership and parenthood as universal and assumed that only the direct or opportunity costs of family formation produce variation in the observed fertility behaviour. The emerging literature treats the subjective wellbeing as a measure of utility and hence allows direct tests of hypotheses related to the impact of events in family career on life satisfaction.

    This article provides an overview of the leading theoretical concepts and the recent empirical evidence on the impact of family formation on subjective wellbeing. It surveys the studies which investigate effects of entry into union and entry into parenthood on subjective well-being. The focus is on studies that attempt to estimate the causal effects. Furthermore, the article discusses studies that consider various ways in which institutional and cultural factors can modify the impact of family formation on subjective well-being. Finally, some suggestions are formulated how the research in this field could contribute to the debate on population policy. Consequently, and some topics for further research are proposed.

  • 176.
    Baranowska, Anna
    Warsaw School of Economics.
    From employment guarantee to job competition: flexibilisation of the Polish labour market2011Ingår i: Globalized labour markets and social inequality in Europe / [ed] Blossfeld H.-P., Buchholz S., Hofäcker D., Kolb K., Palgrave Macmillan, 2011Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 177.
    Baranowska, Anna
    Warsaw School of Economics.
    Poglądy i preferencje dotyczące ekonomicznych modeli rodziny2007Ingår i: Aktywność zawodowa i edukacyjna a obowiązki rodzinne w Polsce w świetle badań empirycznych / [ed] Kotowska I.E., Sztanderska U., Wóycicka I., Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar , 2007Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 178.
    Baranowska, Anna
    Warsaw School of Economics.
    Poland2008Ingår i: Europe Enlarged: A Handbook of Education, Labour and Welfare Regimes in Central and Eastern Europe. / [ed] Kogan I., Gebel M., Noelke C., Policy Press, 2008Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 179.
    Baranowska, Anna
    et al.
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Poland.
    Gebel, Michael
    University of Mannheim, Mannheim Centre for European Social Research (MZES), Mannheim, Germany.
    The Determinants Of Youth Temporary Employment In The Enlarged Europe: Do Labour Market Institutions Matter?2010Ingår i: European Societies: The Official Journal of the European Sociological Association, ISSN 1461-6696, E-ISSN 1469-8307, Vol. 12, nr 3, s. 367-390Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article uses comparative micro data from the 2004 European Union Labour Force Survey (EULFS) for 23 European countries to study the impact of labour market institutions on the youth relative temporary employment probability. We find relatively high temporary employment rates for young workers in all countries but also a large cross-country variation in this respect. The results of multi-level regression analyses confirm that neither employment protection of regular contracts nor its interaction with the level of employment protection of temporary contracts affects the young people's relative risk. Instead, we find a positive association between collective bargaining coverage as a measure of insider–outsider cleavages and the relative temporary employment risk of young persons. These results remain robust even after controlling for macro-structural conditions, such as unemployment rate and business uncertainty.

  • 180.
    Baranowska, Anna
    et al.
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Poland.
    Gebel, Michael
    University of Mannheim.
    Kotowska, Irena Elzbieta
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    The role of fixed-term contracts at labour market entry in Poland: Stepping stones, screening devices, traps or search subsidies?2011Ingår i: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, E-ISSN 1469-8722, Vol. 25, nr 4, s. 777-793Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Poland has become an interesting outlier in Europe in terms of employment flexibility, with an extremely high incidence of fixed-term contracts, particularly at labour market entry. In this article, detailed retrospective data from the Polish School Leavers Survey are used to analyse the dynamics of entry and exit from fixed-term contracts. The results show that neither firm-based vocational training nor diplomas from more selective tertiary education institutions provide graduates better access to secure entry positions. Regarding exit dynamics, transition patterns from fixed-term contracts into unemployment suggest that the timing of exits often coincides with the date of becoming eligible to collect unemployment benefits. The results also imply that, in Poland, fixed-term contracts might serve employers by helping them to identify the best workers.

  • 181.
    Baranowska, Anna
    et al.
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Poland.
    Matysiak, Anna
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Poland.
    Does parenthood increase happiness?: Evidence for Poland2011Ingår i: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research, ISSN 1728-4414, E-ISSN 1728-5305, Vol. 9, s. 307-325Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the recent decade demographers turned their attention to investigating the effects of children on self-rated happiness or life satisfaction. The underlying idea of this strand of research is to find out whether it pays off for individuals to become parents in terms of their subjective well-being, given the costs of having children. Following this line of research, this article studies the impacts of childbearing on individual-level happiness in Poland; a country which experienced a rapid decline in fertility despite the particularly strong attachment of young Poles to family values. To this end, we applied methods for panel data analysis which allowed us to control for endogeneity of subjective well-being and parenthood. Our results reveal a significantly positive effect of the first child on the subjective well-being of mothers. For men, this impact is weaker and most likely temporary since it weakens with the child’s increasing age. An important finding is that neither for men nor for women does the positive impact of parenthood rise with an increase in parity. This may explain the persistence of low fertility in this country.

  • 182.
    Baranowska, Anna
    et al.
    Warsaw School of Economics.
    Piętka-Kosińska, Katarzyna
    Center for Social and Economic Research.
    Poland2011Ingår i: The Last Safety Net: A Handbook of Minimum Income Protection in Europe / [ed] Thomas Bahle, Vanessa Hubl and Michaela Pfeifer, Policy Press, 2011Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 183.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    Decomposition of Trends in Non-Marital Childbearing in Poland2014Ingår i: Population, ISSN 0032-4663, E-ISSN 1957-7966, Vol. 69, nr 2, s. 269-284Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to decompose the increase in the share of out-of-wedlock births in Poland into two components: one attributed to the changing structure of births based on marital status at conception, and one related to the declining propensity for shotgun weddings. Analysis of data from the Birth Register 1985-2009 shows that a decline in the propensity to marry among single pregnant women played an important role in the diffusion of non-marital childbearing, especially in the last decade. In urban areas, the impact of the declining propensity for shotgun weddings was greater than in rural areas. This is consistent with the notion that rural areas are a more traditional context for family formation. It seems that in villages, social pressure still inhibits the diversification of family forms more strongly than in cities.

  • 184.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    Jak zachowania w zakresie formowania i rozwoju rodzin wpływają na nasze zadowolenie z życia?2014Ingår i: Nowe wzorce formowania i rozwoju rodziny w Polsce: przyczyny oraz wpływ na zadowolenie z życia / [ed] Anna Matysiak, Warsaw: Scholar , 2014, s. 188-209Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 185.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Poland.
    Trash contracts?: The impact of temporary employment on leaving the parental home in Poland2011Ingår i: Studia Demograficzne, ISSN 0039-3134, Vol. 159, nr 1, s. 57-73Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Poland stands out in international comparisons as a country where leaving the parental home is remarkably delayed. There are many economic and institutional factors which contribute to postponement of residential independence among youth, such as housing shortages, limited availability of rental housing and limited social assistance for young people. However, there is little discussion in public debate about re-designing social policy support for youth or improving the situation on the housing market. What attracts attention instead is the role of flexibilisation of contractual arrangements on the Polish labour market. In media discourse, fixed-term contracts have been labelled as “trash contracts” and all the problems that young people in Poland face when making the transition to adulthood have been attributed to the spread of this specific employment form. This article aims to find out whether fixed-term contracts do indeed hinder residential independence of youth. Models of leaving the parental home are estimated based on panel data from EU-SILC. The results show no significant negative impact of temporary employment on the probability of establishing one’s own household among youth. What matters is whether young people have jobs at all, whereas the type of contract that they receive from employers seems to be of little importance.

  • 186.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Warsaw, Poland .
    What would your parents say?: the impact of cohabitation among young people on their relationships with their parents2014Ingår i: Journal of Happiness Studies, ISSN 1389-4978, E-ISSN 1573-7780, Vol. 15, nr 6, s. 1313-1332Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Most European countries have seen a retreat from marriage, which is increasingly preceded or replaced by cohabitation. A question that arises in light of this trend is how the diffusion of non-marital cohabitation may affect the quality of family relations. This article investigates how cohabitation among young people affects their level of satisfaction with their relationship with their parents. We analyse data from the recently released Generation and Gender Survey for Poland, a country with a limited degree of social acceptance of cohabitation, a high degree of attachment to the institution of marriage, and a familialistic culture. Since young adults who choose to cohabit are a rather specific group, we use statistical methods that allow us to control for both the observed and the unobserved characteristics of cohabiters. We find that young people who cohabited in their first union rated their level of satisfaction with their parental relationship lower than their peers who were married. Thus, at least in the context of a country where informal partnerships are not yet fully socially accepted or institutionally supported, the role of cohabitation in intergenerational relations may not be neutral.

  • 187.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    Wpływ międzygeneracyjnych transferów norm na ryzyko urodzenia pozamałżeńskiego2014Ingår i: Nowe wzorce formowania i rozwoju rodziny w Polsce: przyczyny oraz wpływ na zadowolenie z życia / [ed] Anna Matysiak, Warsaw: Scholar , 2014, s. 133-163Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 188.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Abramowska-Kmon, Anita
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Warsaw, Poland.
    Number of Children and Social Contacts among Older People: the Moderating Role of Filial Norms and Social Policies2019Ingår i: European Journal of Ageing, ISSN 1613-9372, E-ISSN 1613-9380, Vol. 16, s. 95-107Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Social contacts offer opportunities for provision of emotional and instrumental support that enhance well-being throughout the life course, and the importance of these contacts is especially evident at advanced ages. In this paper, we take a cross-country comparative perspective to examine the association between the number of children and the frequency of social contacts among older people. Using data from the European Quality of Life Survey, we employ multilevel models with cross-level interactions between the number of children and macro-level indicators of filial norms and social policies supporting older people. Our results suggest that older adults with children are more likely than older adults without children to have frequent social interactions, but that the number of children does not affect social contact frequency. The magnitude of the association between having children and social contact frequency varies across European societies. The social contact frequency gap between older adults with children and older adults without children is larger in more familialistic countries with strong filial norms. Our results do not confirm that having children affects social contact frequency less in countries where the state provides more support for older people.

  • 189.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Warsaw School of Economics.
    Barclay, Kieron
    Kolk, Martin
    The effect of number of siblings on adult mortality: evidence from Swedish registers for cohorts born between 1938 and 19722017Ingår i: Population Studies, ISSN 0032-4728, E-ISSN 1477-4747, Vol. 71, nr 1, s. 43-63Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Demographic research has paid much attention to the impact of childhood conditions on adult mortality. We focus on one of the key aspects of early life conditions, sibling group size, and examine the causal effect of growing up in a large family on mortality. While previous studies have focused on low- or middle-income countries, we examine whether growing up in a large family is a disadvantage in Sweden, a context where most parents have adequate resources, which are complemented by a generous welfare state. We used Swedish register data and frailty models, examining all-cause and cause-specific mortality between the ages of 40 and 74 for the 1938–72 cohorts, and also a quasi-experimental approach that exploited multiple births as a source of exogenous variation in the number of siblings. Overall our results do not indicate that growing up in a large family has a detrimental effect on longevity in Sweden.

  • 190.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    De Luna, Xavier
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Statistik.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Does the number of siblings affect health in midlife?: Evidence from the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register2016Ingår i: Demographic Research, ISSN 1435-9871, Vol. 35, s. 1259-1302, artikel-id 43Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In many societies, growing up in a large family is associated with receiving less parental time, attention, and financial support. As a result, children with a large number of siblings may have worse physical and mental health outcomes than children with fewer siblings.

    Objective: Our objective is to examine the long-term causal effects of sibship size on physical and mental health in modern Sweden.

    Methods: We employ longitudinal data covering the entire Swedish population from the Multigenerational Register and the Medical Birth Register. This data includes information on family size and on potential confounders such as parental background. We use the Prescribed Drug Register to identify the medicines that have been prescribed and dispensed. We use instrumental variable models with multiple births as instruments to examine the causal effects of family size on the health outcomes of children, as measured by receiving medicines at age 45.

    Results: Our results indicate that in Sweden, growing up in a large family does not have a detrimental effect on physical and mental health in midlife.

    Contribution: We provide a systematic overview of the health-related implications of growing up in a large family. We adopt a research design that gives us the opportunity to make causal inferences about the long-term effects of family size. Moreover, our paper provides evidence on the links between family size and health outcomes in the context of a developed country that implements policies oriented towards reducing social inequalities in health and other living conditions.

  • 191.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Högberg, Björn
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Spillover effects of social policies: Can the state support for the unemployed affect employees’ health and wellbeing?2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 192.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Poland.
    Matysiak, Anna
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    Czy znamy lekarstwo na niską dzietność? Międzynarodowe badania ewaluacyjne na temat polityki rodzinnej (Do we know the cure for low fertility? The results from the international research evaluating family policies)2012Ingår i: Polityka Społeczna (Social Policy), ISSN 0137-4729, Vol. 460, nr 7, s. 9-14Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents an idea of policy evaluation research and reviews empirical studies which measure causal effects of family policies reforms on fertility. In light of international experience, a positive impact on fertility can be exerted through an increase in availability of childcare, speed premium implemented in parental leave schemes as well as tax exemptions and family benefits. Nevertheless, family policy reforms that proved to work in Europe, might not necessarily have exactly the same effects in Poland. Therefore, it is of overriding importance to fill the existing research gap in the evaluation of family policies in Poland by making use of the methodology for evaluating policy interventions. Otherwise future reforms in family policies will be based on ad-hoc assumptions rather than on scientific evidence.

  • 193.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Warsaw, Poland.
    Matysiak, Anna
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics; Wittgenstein Centre (IIASA, VID/OEAW, WU), Vienna Institute of Demography / Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, Austria.
    The causal effects of the number of children on female employment: do European institutional and gender conditions matter?2016Ingår i: Journal of Labor Research, ISSN 0195-3613, E-ISSN 1936-4768, Vol. 37, nr 3, s. 343-367Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contributes to the discussion on the effects of the number of children on female employment in Europe. Most previous research has either (1) compared these effects across countries, assuming an exogeneity of family size; or (2) used methods that dealt with endogeneity of family size, but that focused on single countries. We combine these two approaches by taking a cross-country comparative perspective and applying quasi-experimental methods. We use instrumental variable models, with multiple births as instruments, and the harmonized data from the European Survey on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC). We examine the cross-country variation in the effects of family size on maternal employment across groups of European countries with different welfare state regimes. This step gives us an opportunity to investigate whether the revealed cross-country differences in the magnitude of the effect of the family size on maternal employment can be attributed to the diversity of European institutional arrangements, as well as the cultural and the structural conditions for combining work and family duties.

  • 194.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    Matysiak, Anna
    Wittgenstein Centre, Vienna Institute of Demography/Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, Austria.
    Mynarska, Monika
    Institute of Psychology, Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.
    Does lone motherhood decrease women’s happiness?: evidence from qualitative and quantitative research2014Ingår i: Journal of Happiness Studies, ISSN 1389-4978, E-ISSN 1573-7780, Vol. 15, nr 6, s. 1457-1477Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contributes to the discussion on the effects of single motherhood on happiness. We use a mixed-method approach. First, based on in-depth interviews with mothers who gave birth while single, we explore mechanisms through which children may influence mothers’ happiness. In a second step, we analyze panel survey data to quantify this influence. Our results leave no doubt that, while raising a child outside of marriage poses many challenges, parenthood has some positive influence on a lone mother’s life.

    Our qualitative evidence shows that children are a central point in an unmarried woman’s life, and that many life decisions are taken with consideration of the child’s welfare, including escaping from pathological relationships. Our quantitative evidence shows that, although the general level of happiness among unmarried women is lower than among their married counterparts, raising a child does not have a negative impact on their happiness.

  • 195.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    Rynko, Maja
    Educational Research Institute.
    Dostosowanie sposobu organizacji czasu pracy do obowiązków rodzinnych w Polsce2013Ingår i: Studia Demograficzne, ISSN 0039-3134, Vol. 164, nr 2, s. 59-79Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a diagnosis of reconciliation of work and parenthood in Poland based on the data from the European Labour Force Survey ad hoc module “Reconciliation between work and family life” carried out in 2010. These data provide information on the following options of combining work with parenthood duties: (1) part-time work (2) flexible arrangements of working time (3) distance work. We compare the conditions for combining work with parenthood duties in Poland with opportunities observed in other European countries. We also show towhat extent the conditions for reconciliation of work and parenthood in Poland have improved in time. We make an overview of legal regulations related to combining work with childcare duties and indicate the opportunities for improvement of these policies.

  • 196.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Poland.
    Unt, Marge
    Institute of International and Social Studies, Tallinn University.
    Is it worth becoming an engineer in Central and Eastern Europe?: The evidence from Poland and Estonia2012Ingår i: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, E-ISSN 1468-2672, Vol. 28, nr 6, s. 717-728Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine the labour market returns to field of study for tertiary graduates in two countries with post-socialist heritage: Poland and Estonia. So far, research focusing on the employment chances of graduates in Western countries has emphasized the benefits of engineering. We would like to revisit this conclusion and find out if the same can be generalized for all other societies, including Central and Eastern Europe. We use micro-level data, which include detailed information about the type of education gained and early career development. We examine the following outcomes: the chances of finding a job within the first half-year of graduation and the quality of the first job and its salary. Our findings suggest that in Estonia and Poland, the effects of completing engineering courses are quite different to Western Europe. We discuss possible explanations for the lack of advantage for engineering graduates. We pay special attention to the role of licensing, i.e. institutional barriers to entry into the occupation of engineer.

  • 197.
    Barow, Thomas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, akademin för hälsa och samhälle.
    Sauer, Lennart
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Disability Studies in Schweden: Traditionen und aktuelle Entwicklungen2015Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [de]

    Im Beitrag wird aufgezeigt, wie sich seit den 1960-er Jahren die Disability Studies als eigenständige Disziplin in Schweden etabliert haben. Hierbei wird parallel zu den wohlfahrtsstaatlichen Reformen eine phasenweise Entwicklung dieses gesellschaftswissenschaftlichen Fachgebiets deutlich. Charakteristisch ist heute eine interdisziplinäre Ausrichtung, wobei basierend auf einem relationalen Behinderungsbegriff die Hindernisse im Verhältnis zwischen den Voraussetzungen des Individuums und den gesellschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen in den Blick genommen werden.

  • 198.
    Barow, Thomas
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Sauer, Lennart
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Disability Studies in Schweden: Traditionen und aktuelle Entwicklungen2016Ingår i: Teilhabe und Vielfalt: Herausforderungen einer Weltgesellchaft / [ed] Hedderich, Ingeborg & Zahnd, Raphael, Bad Heilbrunn: Verlag Julius Klinkhardt, 2016, 1, s. 512-519Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 199.
    Bask, Miia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Sociologi.
    A longitudinal approach to social exclusion in Sweden2008Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of four papers, and has as its central theme the accumulation of welfare problems and social exclusion. We use Swedish data and all analyses are based on individuals of working age. We perform longitudinal analyses to scrutinize the accumulation of disadvantages over the individual life courses as well as to detect the general trends in social exclusion occurrence in Swedish society during the past two decades.

    In Paper I, in an analysis of social exclusion among immigrants in Sweden, we find that immigrants suffer more often from social exclusion than native Swedes do. We also find that even if the accumulation of welfare problems is more common among immigrants than native Swedes, the connections between welfare disadvantages are stronger among Swedes. Furthermore, a logistic regression analysis revealed that time spent in Sweden decreases the risk of social exclusion among immigrants. However, even though we control for several demographic variables, human capital indicators and socio-economic class, the odds for social exclusion are still greater for immigrants than for native Swedes. Some form of discrimination can therefore not be excluded.

    Paper II is co-written with Björn Halleröd. This paper involves a longitudinal analysis of the accumulation of closely related welfare disadvantages, showing that the initial deprivation increases over time. Latent growth curve models reveal that a high initial deprivation is related to low socio-economic class and being single. It is also shown that a high initial deprivation decreases the probability of upward class-mobility as well as the probability of deprived singles becoming cohabiting. Moreover, a high initial deprivation increases the risk that couples will experience a household break-up.

    In Paper III, we perform a longitudinal analysis of social exclusion in Sweden during the period 1979-2003, in which several logistic regression models for panel data are fitted to our data. We find no support that immigrants have been better integrated into Swedish society over time from the perspective of social exclusion risk. Instead, there are weak signs that integration has become worse. We also find weak signs that the higher social exclusion risk that men have relative to women has decreased during the past two decades. Furthermore, comparing with couples without children, the odds for social exclusion among singles with children have increased and the odds for couples with children have decreased during the period 1979-2003.

    Paper IV utilizes latent class factor models to scrutinize the connections between welfare problems and a set of demographic variables, human capital indicators and socio-economic class. We find that welfare problems do cluster. Our results also support several of the findings in the previous paper. Family type, especially being single or living in a relationship, makes a clear difference in the propensity to accumulate welfare problems. Furthermore, immigrants characterize the factors with a high problem accumulation. Additionally, there is no general difference between the sexes in the problem accumulation itself, but experiences of threat or violence and having sleeping problems seem to be more often related to being a woman, whereas the lack of a close friend is most often related to being a man.

    To conclude, this thesis reveals several interesting facts concerning the accumulation of welfare problems and social exclusion in Sweden. Considering the implications for policy, the situations of immigrants and single parents need to be underlined. That is, the integration of immigrants should be given more emphasis and measures should be taken to support single parents as well as to promote a discussion on how to make relationships last.

  • 200.
    Bask, Miia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Welfare problems and social exclusion among immigrants in Sweden2005Ingår i: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, E-ISSN 1468-2672, Vol. 21, nr 1, s. 73-89Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we examine social exclusion among immigrants in Sweden. The groups under scrutiny are native Swedes, first generation Swedes, naturalized Swedes, Nordic citizens and non-Nordic citizens. Specifically, because one goal of the welfare state is to break the connections between different welfare problems, we investigate the associations between welfare problems among different immigrant groups as well as among native Swedes. We find that the accumulation of welfare problems is higher among immigrant groups, but that the correlations between welfare problems are strongest among Swedes. Finally, we analyse social exclusion among immigrants using a logistic regression analysis. Because a regression analysis with explanatory variables such as demographic variables, human capital indicators and socioeconomic class cannot explain the difference between immigrants and native Swedes, it appears that discrimination is a probable explanation.

     

1234567 151 - 200 av 2610
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf