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  • 151.
    Bergström, Eva-Lena
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Nationalmuseum i offentlighetens ljus: framväxten av tillfälliga utställningar 1866-19662018Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the emergence of temporary exhibitions at the Nationalmuseum of Sweden 1866–1966. My aim is to discuss and place the exhibitions in the complex ongoing tension between the role of the museum as a scientific and an educative public institution, and in relation to the permanent collection. This I have called the museum dilemma. The dissertation is divided in three main chapters put in a chronological order 1866–1913, 1914–1939 and 1940–1966.

       I have found that during the 1866–1913 period many minor temporary exhibitions were arranged. It seems to have been a practice of coincidences rather than strategic art historical considerations. There were not many exhibitions focusing on art historical narratives. This situation reflects that the main reasons for arranging temporary exhibitions were to complement the museum collection or to present interesting art objects normally hidden from the public view.

    When the term “temporary exhibition” was established in the late 19th century a tension between the exhibitions and the permanent collection was established. The temporary exhibitions were associated with variety and flexibility while the permanent collection indicated a static art historical narrative.

    The 1914–1939 period was very socially inclined. There are many examples of exhibitions that openly supported national values and the ongoing democracy development and the exhibition practice developed in dialog with the museum´s collection. The concept “bringing art alive” was frequently used. The museum collections were talked about as dead material, the museum was called a morgue.

       During the Second World War, the collections were evacuated from the museum building and an innovative period began. A focus on art history dominates the more elaborated exhibition practice during 1939–1966 period, so called “epoch exhibitions”. They invited to innovative actions, technologies as reconstructions of historical exhibitions, mixed materials and rehanging during the exhibition period. Principles as flexibility and variation were prominent. Another common denominator was the scientific focus and the idea that the exhibition is both an experience and a source of knowledge.

       Even though half a century has passed I argue that the results I have found can be related to the museum practice of today. The tendency today is that temporary exhibitions functions as role models for museums, when re-organizing the permanent collections. The effect of this development is that the categories temporary exhibitions and permanent collection melt together. In that sense, I would also suggest that the term temporary exhibition should be replaced. Special exhibition seems to be a more appropriate term for the museums of today.

  • 152.
    Bertelsen, Tomas
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Arkitekthögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Stadslidens Entertainment Center: Shopping and Shelter, United.2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (konstnärlig kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 153.
    Bidö, Lukas
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Arkitekthögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Learning in the 21th Century: The City as a Laboratory2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    We are living in a globalized world where everything and everyone is connected at all times and society is changing in a faster pace than ever before. Old knowledge becomes obsolete and needs to be continuously replaced by new one, creating the need for learning to be life-long. The American futurist Alvin Toffler claimed as early as in the 1990s, that in order to be literate in the 21st century one must be able to learn, unlearn and relearn - but still our learning institutions look very much the same as they did during most of the 20th century. We are educated at a fixed period of life and taught a predetermined skill-set by our teachers to prepare us for future work. The issues we are facing are serious, such as global warming, automation and digitalization, and we are in urgent need of both unlearning and relearning how to live.

    Creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship have become political buzzwords, wide spoken by governments around the globe when trying to tackle the issues of an uncertain future and the need to reinvent in order to adapt. They are the individual skills that both politicians and the market are craving. However, creativity has mostly been linked to creative and high-tech industries - as means of being competitive in the harsh 21st century global work environment. As a result, we have seen how an unjust and unequal system has developed, and the rise of a new class. The creative class, as described by Richard Florida, holds vast privileges over other classes; earning substantially more money, and playing a leading role in the gentrification processes of cities. This asks an important question of who can be creative and innovative. Are these skills reserved for the select few, or can everyone be creative and innovative? Perhaps a new, more social, civic and democratic definition is needed to truly fit the issues we are facing in the 21st century. How can creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship be learned, actively pursued and continuously practiced by each and everyone in ways that do not solely benefit personal interest, but society at large?

    The aim of this thesis is to explore the role of architecture in a society that demands creativity and innovation, and how it can act to empower the individual. It will discuss how society is changing, both in the broader context of western societies and in the local context of Umeå, and how learning institutions can adapt for continuous unlearning and relearning. How do we create frameworks that nurture creative possibilities, and grants equal opportunities for everyone?

  • 154.
    Bjärkstedt, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Arkitekthögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Utbildningsmarknaden2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (konstnärlig kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 155.
    Björk, Johannes
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Tiden är allt: om estetisk autonomi under reell subsumtion2011Ingår i: Paletten, ISSN 0031-0352, Vol. 284, nr 2, s. 54-57Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 156.
    Björkman, Anders
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Konstvetenskap.
    Naturen inpå knutarna: om urban grönska2004Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 157.
    Björkqvist, Maja
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Designhögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Food Thinking: How can we reduce the food waste in the households?Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    70% of the fresh water and 40% of the earth surface is used for agriculture purposes. Today we throw away nearly every 3rd grocery bag we buy. By doing this we waste a lot of the worlds resources. Only in Sweden we spoil 1.2 billion tons of food every year.

    700 000 tons of this is from the households. The biggest source to the waste is single households and families with children, this became the target group for this project. We have to change our behavior to preserve the earth’s resources. The research showed that the biggest reasons that we throw so much food is that we first of all buy too much food. We don’t have time to eat all the food we buy and it get therefore spoiled. This is a consequence from that we don’t see it as a problem. There is a lack of knowledge in how much we throw away and how to store food correctly. We are bad at planning our meals and grocery shopping and we end up with too much food because of this.

    This project investigates how we can reduce the food waste. The analyzed problem areas was used as a starting point in the ideation. The project focus is during the storing of the food in the households and how to keep track on the food we have. The storing of the food can be divided in three parts, make food last longer, plan the meals and shopping and keep track on the food we have. The final result is the smart food storage. It is a concept that helps the user to get a good overview of the food and to store it in the optimized way. It enables for planning of grocery shopping and helps you keep track on the food you have.

  • 158.
    Björn, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Arkitekthögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    KILEN: Enriching and strengthening an existing community by providing social landscapes and flexible public/semi public space2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (konstnärlig kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 159. Blennow, Anna
    et al.
    Fogelberg Rota, Stefano
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Appendix I: must-see monuments - the Colosseum in guidebooks through the centuries2019Ingår i: Rome and the guidebook tradition: from the Middle Ages to the 20th century / [ed] Anna Blennow and Stefano Fogelberg Rota, Berlin / Boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2019, s. 339-344Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 160. Blennow, Anna
    et al.
    Fogelberg Rota, Stefano
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Appendix II: itineraries through Trastevere from the Middle Ages to the twentieth century2019Ingår i: Rome and the guidebook tradition: from the Middle Ages to the 20th century / [ed] Anna Blennow och Stefano Fogelberg Rota, Berlin / Boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2019, s. 345-348Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 161. Blennow, Anna
    et al.
    Fogelberg Rota, Stefano
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Introduction2019Ingår i: Rome and the guidebook tradition: from the Middle Ages to the 20th century / [ed] Anna Blennow och Stefano Fogelberg Rota, Berlin / Boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2019, s. 1-32Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 162. Blennow, Anna
    et al.
    Fogelberg Rota, StefanoUmeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Rome and the guidebook tradition: from the Middle Ages to the 20th century2019Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Almost everyone has used a guidebook, when travelling or in the armchair at home. But how and when was the guidebook born? In this book, seven scholars from various disciplines argue that the guidebook emerged in Rome in the late Middle Ages, to form a surprisingly consistent model for guidebooks up to our time. The descriptions of must-see monuments, recommended routes, practical information and value-laden instructions have guided travellers to Rome through more than 1000 years.

  • 163.
    Blomgren, Johannes
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen Konsthögskolan.
    Börjesson, JonasHansson, JonneSamuelsson, LindaGustafsson Söndergaard, Moa
    Meanwhile: 3rd-19th May 2019, Bildmuseet Umeå2019Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 164.
    Blomstedt Lidén, Frida
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Arkitekthögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Liera: Connecting modular housing to the existing fabric2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (konstnärlig kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Three parties in Sweden had initiation of market rents in their political programs for the last election. The city we live in has 13 years of queue time for a three-room apartment. Last year 1600 public apartments in Umeå were sold to a private company in an undemocratic process. Our society is heading towards privatization and profit on the expense of those who always must pay. Based on an interest in housing politics, I decided to do a project of available rental apartments in a time of privatization. I researched modularity in housing, both to see how it can lower the production costs and how it can be possible to personalize the housing units depending on the inhabitants. I also researched how one can relate new projects to the existing fabric and ways to create well-functioning public spaces – a sense of living together without having to compromise people’s need for privacy. The result of this project is a building of flexible apartments that can vary in size to follow the life situation of its inhabitants.

  • 165.
    Blomstrand, Sara
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Arkitekthögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Gemenskapens förskola2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (konstnärlig kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 166.
    Borda, Joakim
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen Konsthögskolan.
    Farewell, my lovely: Master of Fine Arts 20132013Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 167.
    Borg, Kajsa
    Umeå universitet, Fakultet för lärarutbildning, Institutionen för estetiska ämnen.
    Några köpmanshus i Västervik1982Ingår i: Tjustbygden 1982, Västervik: Tjustbygdens kulturhistoriska förening , 1982, s. 7-35Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 168.
    Boström, Johanna
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Arkitekthögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Rethinking Schools2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 169.
    Bradzell, Jeffrey
    et al.
    Indiana University Bloomington, USA.
    Bardzell, Shaowen
    Indiana University Bloomington, USA.
    Stolterman, Erik
    Indiana University Bloomington, USA.
    Reading Critical Designs: Supporting Reasoned Interpretations of Critical Design2014Ingår i: CHI '14: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2014, s. 1951-1960Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Critical Design has emerged as an important concept in HCI research and practice. Yet researchers have noted that its uptake has been limited by certain lacks of intellectual infrastructure theories, methodologies, canons and exemplars, and a community of practice. We argue that one way to create this infrastructure is to cultivate a community adept at reading that is, critically interpreting and making reasoned judgments about critical designs. We propose an approach to developing close readings of critical designs, which are both evidence-based and carefully reasoned. The approach highlights analytical units of analysis, the relevance of design languages and social norms, and the analytical contemplation of critical aspects of a design. It is intended to be relatively easy to learn, to try out, and to teach, in the hopes of inviting more members of the HCI community to engage in this practice. We exemplify the approach with readings of two critical designs and reflect on different ways that a design might serve a critical purpose or offer a critical argument about design, society, and the future.

  • 170.
    Brandrup-Wognsen, Emma
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Arkitekthögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Dhalgar Wad Transitional Homes2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (konstnärlig kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 171.
    Brostedt, Love
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Arkitekthögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    A link to public space2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Women in Dharavi have little social space except for their homes, in contrast to the menwho seem to be everywhere in the public space. If the status of women are to increase, theyalso need access to the public space.This project focuses on the interaction between women in common space in connectionto the homes and the public spaces in between. Common yards/gardens in between theunits are shared by four households creating a semi-private space. As the men are working,the women at home will take care of the garden and have a possibility to socialize withwomen from the other households.These common gardens have a clear visual connection to the public spaces, which areconnected to different play areas (playground does not seem to be the right word). As thewomen take their children to kindergarden or school they pass through the public space and can stay there to watch the children while they are playing. The children gives the women areason to be in public space. The women gives each other a reason to stay.

  • 172.
    Brostedt, Love
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Arkitekthögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Restructuring Suburbia: Introducing Social Space in a Spatially Disperse Neighbourhood2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Density is more about an experienced nearness to functions and activities than buildingsbeing physically close to each other. Density is interaction, and the intensity of itdepends on accessibility to the functions and activities of the built environment.

    The current planning, continuing the thoughts of the modernist, are a threat to publichealth and the environment, as sprawling settlements demand more resources forinfrastructure and time spent commuting between home and work, taking up the timeto spend with family and friends.

    The suburban planning principles of the Swedish housing estate unit have graduallytransformed the suburban neighbourhoods into dispersed, disconnected islands, wheresocial life is inhibited in the mere configuration of space.

    Legibility of the urban environment is important regarding orientation and navigation,but also to understand the underlying meanings of spaces and places. The urbanstructure should be easily read to be understandable in the choices of everyday life.

    How we understand the boundaries and transitions of our surrounding affects howspaces are used. Unclear territorial interfaces, like the open space landscape ofmodernist planning feels too exposed to be appropriated. If activities should take placein the outdoor environment, there must be a certain quality to the spaces that areinviting and promote interaction between people.

    The suburban housing estate neighbourhoods can be developed to promote thisinteraction, providing spaces where the different layers of social life can take place, fromthe private home – through mediating interfaces of front yards, indoor collective spaceand collective gardens – to the public realm of the streets, pathways and parks.

    The thesis studies the suburban neighbourhood Årsta in eastern Uppsala, whichshows the signs of a disperse suburban housing estate in its configuration of buildings,withdrawn from the streets, turning inward away from the public spaces.

    By adding built volume within the existing structure of the open yards, the boundariesbetween the public and the private spaces can be clearly defined and new activatedspaces can be created. Many fronts towards the streets and paths make people meet inevery-day life and new types of spaces can be used to set a framework for interactionbetween residents as well as outsiders. Such spaces can also work as a buffer betweenpublic life and the private dwelling, e.g. a collective garden mediates the space inbetween a pedestrian path and an inner yard.

  • 173.
    Brown, James Benedict
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Arkitekthögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Conversations with Paulo Freire2015Ingår i: Radical Pedagogies: Architectural Education and the British Tradition / [ed] Harriss, Harriet & Froud, Daisy, London: RIBA Publishing , 2015, 1Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 174.
    Brown, James Benedict
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Arkitekthögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Mediated Space: The Architecture of News, Advertising and Entertainment2018Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    As the social media revolution embeds itself in our daily lives, and as those who once consumed media become producers, established broadcast media producers are witnessing the dissolution of trust in their established authority. Mediated Space critiques contemporary intersections of Architecture and broadcast media that exploit spaces and places that are real, imagined or hybrids of the two in order to re-establish and strengthen the power of traditional capitalist mechanisms of production and consumption. Examining eight spatial constructions in North America, Europe, the Middle East and Africa, Mediated Space embarks on a global exploration of how architecture, spatial design and technology conspire in the service of global capitalism. In three thematic parts that focus on the automotive space of the city, the journalistic space of the news room and the mediated skyline of the city, Mediated Space makes an architectural critique of spaces that are rarely designed by architects but that are experienced every day by millions of people.

  • 175.
    Brown, James Benedict
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Arkitekthögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Production Sites and Production Sights of New Broadcasting House2019Ingår i: The Production Sites of Architecture / [ed] Psarra, Sophia, Abingdon: Routledge, 2019, 1Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 176.
    Brown, James Benedict
    et al.
    Leicester School of Architecture, De Montfort University, UK.
    Harriss, Harriet
    Morrow, Ruth
    Soane, James
    A Gendered Profession: The question of representation in space making2016Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of gender inequality in architecture has been part of the profession's discourse for many years, yet the continuing gender imbalance in architectural education and practice remains a difficult subject. This book seeks to change that. It provides the first ever attempt to move the debate about gender in architecture beyond the tradition of gender-segregated diagnostic or critical discourse on the debate towards something more propositional, actionable and transformative. To do this, A Gendered Profession brings together a comprehensive array of essays from a wide variety of experts in architectural education and practice, touching on issues such as LGBT, age, family status, and gender biased awards.

  • 177.
    Brunberg, Tove
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Arkitekthögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    The Urban Nomadic: An arrival space and a home for the local and the foreign citizens of Umeå to unite2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (konstnärlig kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 178. Brännström, Andreas
    et al.
    Ericsson, Mattias
    Lundqvist, Camilla
    Norberg, Micael
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen Konsthögskolan.
    Willemark, Alva
    Österholm, Johan
    Kite Aerial Photography - Hué2014Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The Kite Aerial Photography - Hué project started with the intention from Mattias Ericsson and me Micael Norberg to work artistically on a jointly project with students from di erent art schools and from di erent cultures. We had an idea of building bridges both artistically and culturally. We traveled to Hué in Vietnam in order to explore new ways to collaborate and  nd new artistic meth- ods. We wanted to use kites and send our cameras up in the air to make aerial pictures. We tried to  nd a way to control events and by that also control our artistic outcome and understanding. But in the The Kite Aerial Photography project we had no control. The weather controlled our kites. The place and the language controlled what we knew and understood. What was left was to look into ourself and negate a compromise. The leftovers became documentations of an experience.And now I am looking back at those events, wondering what really happened. I am using words, trying to create an image of my memories and of my experience - hot air, smells and noise. Experi- ences I can’t communicate fully in words. You as a viewer will never feel them and I will only remember them. We will also remember di erently. Every participant have their own image ofwhat happened during those days in Hué. The feeling of being di erent, not understanding and being an outsider made us all meet ourselves in di erent ways. We believed that language would build bridges of understanding, and maybe it did. But here we are now. A long time has passed since we returned from Hué. What we have left are images and memories. I remember smells and emotions and in this state between memory and fact a tension is created. A juxtaposition of con ict- ing feelings. I look at the photographs now with a new understanding. We tried to move out of our comfort-zone looking for the unseen, the enigma, where memory and re ection becomes a liminal state. I now realize that knowledge is not fact or truth, but a state that we can call ”not knowing”. A state which for me is the very basic for understanding, and by that becoming the very essence of art.

  • 179.
    Bui, Lynn
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen Designhögskolan.
    10/60: Make Gravity Visible: A social movement to challenge our society to move more.2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Gravity plays a vital role in our everyday lives. It provides the development of our muscle mass which fuels our brain’s advancement and our ability to complete daily tasks. Yet we often take for granted the things we do not see. From hunting and gathering, chasing after prey, migrating from one place to the next, to growing and harvesting crops to long hours laboring away, we have felt gravity through millions of years in time. 

    Along with the rise of technology, we are witnessing the fall of our physical selves. Our lives have become busier, more stressful and our days behind a screen much longer. Within the past 30 years, gravity has been intercepted by the chair and the ratio of moving to sitting has been reversed. Instead of feeling this force within our legs and lower limbs, it has now been deferred to our fingers, buttocks and backs. 

    We spend the bulk of our days in a seated position, often behind a screen. Sitting has become such a norm that daily exercise at the gym is no longer enough to offset all the negative things done to our bodies in a sedentary posture. 

    We were programmed to move, but we’ve hacked our brains to think otherwise. Prolonged sitting is a serious issue that should not be overlooked. The challenge is to change a habit that we’ve acquired from an early age. 

    The numbers are staggering, over 1.5 billion people worldwide are obese.(WHO. int, 2013) 5.3 million die each year from heart related diseases and diabetes as indirect result of the chair, .3 million more than smoking. (Thelancet.com, 2012) 

    It is time to break the norm, adjust our perceptions, expectations and stop living in extremes and move towards moderation. It’s time to stand up and make gravity visible. 

    10/60: Make Gravity Visible is a social movement to challenge our society to move more, reminding people to be up and moving 10 minutes for every 60 minutes. 

    The goal is to challenge society to integrate movement within the home, work and societal environments through the support and influence of communal behaviour. 

    10/60 is facilitated by a website and a smartphone application. The website provides ideas shared by the community to help inspire movement into people’s lives. The app tracks a person’s daily physical activity levels and sends a reminder when he/she has been sitting for too long. How much a person moves is reflected by an avatar’s physical state as well as graphical data by the time of day. Challenges can be submitted within the inner circle of friends to encourage more movement. 

    The initial strategy around this topic was through the intersections of four subjects: human evolution, philosophy, behavioral psychology, and physiology. This concept was developed based on findings from foundational research, expert interviews, user tests, experiments and behavioral observations - in particular social influences and the underlying principle that motivation is different for everyone. 

    Awareness alone does not generate action. Motivating people to move more is beyond an individual problem - sitting is a societal and cultural issue and unless that is addressed, no long term changes can be sustained. 

    This project aims to inspire people to leverage their communities and integrate more physical activity in the home, work and societal environments. 

    Societal and cultural norms will not change unless we change together. 

  • 180.
    Burman, Christo
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    I teatralitetens brännvidd: Om Ingmar Bergmans filmkonst2010Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this dissertation is to discuss and exemplify the use of theatre and theatricality in the film aesthetics of Ingmar Bergman (1918-2007). The main primary material of the study consists of a selection of Bergman’s films: the nine commercials made for Bris soap (1951-1953) and the feature films Sawdust and Tinsel (1953), Smiles of a Summer Night (1955), The Seventh Seal (1957), The Magician (1958), Through a Glass Darkly (1961), Winter Light (1963), The Silence (1963), Persona (1966), The Ritual (1969), Scenes from a Marriage (1973), Fanny and Alexander (1983) and Saraband (2003). The dissertation also includes several other examples from Bergman’s rich intermedial oeuvre, and features theatre, film, radio and television productions. The interart approach is also applied on material from the Ingmar Bergman archives and to the author’s unique interviews that were carried out with Bergman in the fall of 2004 (some of his last interviews).

    After an introduction in the first chapter, the second chapter discusses the history, aesthetics and terminology of theatricality. The term has accumulated an extraordinary variety of meanings, making it denote everything from an act to excess in the broadest possible sense, from a style to a semiotic system and from a medium to a message. In this dissertation theatricality is seen as a reference to a performance that is directed outwards; an act of showing, which reveals the relationship between the medium and the observer. A prerequisite for this is that the object is manifested with a parallel consciousness of the observer’s gaze, which is used as a part of the staging, thereby involving the observer in the work while making her realize that the author is aware of her gaze. This self-consciousness is illustrated in the three following analytical chapters.

    The third chapter looks at the depiction and use of space, framing and long shot-composition, reveries, character entrances, movement and tracking shots in Bergman’s films.

    The main foci of the fourth chapter are masks and Bergman’s famous close-ups, where the emphasis lies on the importance of the actor. In scenes where Bergman lets the actor face and speak directly into the camera, theatricality is characterized by oscillation; that is, it forms an act of showing that breaks the cinematic illusion, while simultaneously involving the observer in the film. The chapter also examines the use of photographs in Bergman’s films.

    The fifth chapter focuses on some of the meta-aspects created by Bergman’s theatrical film aesthetics, for instance when the characters in the films visit theatres. The chapter also analyzes the play-within-the play structure of Bergman’s works and the "indirect" address from Bergman in his films, which is accomplished through the intervention of his voice and cameo appearances.

    The sixth and last chapter of this dissertation consists of a brief summary and conclusions on the subject of cinematic style that show how ideas concerning theatricality have been a part of Ingmar Bergman’s film art.

  • 181.
    Burman, Christo
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Martyrologion: Dagböcker 1970-19862012Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The collected diaries of Andrei Tarkovsky (1932-1986), for the first time published in Swedish. They cover the director's life, work and the increasing difficulties he encountered in the Soviet Union and the time of his exile in Western Europe. Internationally Tarkovsky's diaries were widely reviewed and considered to be a valuable addition to the Tarkovsky canon. They are professional and personal: thoughts on film sit alongside household chores, notes about friends and family. The diaries have been translated from its Russian original by Håkan Lövgren. This Swedish edition of the diaries is the most complete edition to date.

  • 182.
    Burman, Christo
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Litteraturvetenskap och nordiska språk. Drama-Teater-Film.
    Osynligheten tar vid där ruinerna slutar2005Ingår i: À Derrida x 13, Institutionen för konstvetenskap, Umeå universitet: Umeå , 2005, s. S. 59-63Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 183.
    Burman, Christo
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    På spaning efter den populärkulturelle Bergman: Om att vända på bilden av en filmskapare2010Ingår i: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 19, nr 4, s. 2-14Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Ingmar Bergman’s name is virtually synonymous with intellectual European films and high culture but lately scholars have been trying to show that Bergman worked in a variety of fields, including popular culture, and that his work often was commercial, popular and more easily accessible than his auteur image would suggest. This article explores some of the soap commercials that Bergman made in the early 1950s, which still remain a little known part of his oeuvre. The focus also lies on the publication of Bergman’s scripts as serial “filmnovels” in the weekly women’s magazine Allers Familjejournal (1959–1967) and on the transformation of the image of Bergman by his popular later works Scenes from a Marriage (1973) and Fanny and Alexander (1982) and through famous images that reappear throughout the spectrum of popular culture, most notably the image of Death from The Seventh Seal (1957).

  • 184.
    Burman, Christo
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Teaterhistoria III: Ny Svensk Teaterhistoria. Band 3: 1900-talets teater2009Ingår i: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, nr 2, s. 92-93Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 185.
    Burman, Kristi
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Konstvetenskap.
    Landscapes of Portraits2007Ingår i: Med landskapet bakom / [ed] Kristi Burman and Roland Spolander, Umeå: Institutionen för konstvetenskap, Umeå universitet , 2007, s. 15-30Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 186.
    Burman, Kristi
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Konstvetenskap.
    Neitsi nool (The Arrow of the Virgin)2006Ingår i: Pirita peegeldused. Püha Birgitta raamat (Reflections on Pirita. The Book of St Birgitta), Pirita, Tallinn , 2006Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 187.
    Burman, Kristi
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Konstvetenskap.
    On (Dis)appearance.: Approaching the Space of the Artwork's Metamorphosis2006Ingår i: Essay, 2006Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 188.
    Burman, Kristi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Konstvetenskap.
    Spolander, RolandUmeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Dokument IX2005Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 189.
    Burman, Kristi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Konstvetenskap.
    Spolander, RolandUmeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Konstvetenskap.
    Four Essays2007Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 190.
    Burman, Kristi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Konstvetenskap.
    Spolander, RolandUmeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Konstvetenskap.
    Med landskapet bakom2007Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 191.
    Burman, Kristi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Konstvetenskap.
    Spolander, RolandUmeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Konstvetenskap.
    Perspective and Perception: Colour and Matter2007Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 192.
    Burman, Kristi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Konstvetenskap.
    Spolander, RolandUmeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Konstvetenskap.
    Studier i konsthistoria 2004:232005Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 193. Burns, Aileen
    et al.
    Lundh, Johan
    Twenty Twelve as we know it: MFAS 2012 Umeå Academy of Fine Arts2012Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 194.
    Bygdén, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Arkitekthögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Motion, layers and imagination2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 195.
    Bäckström, Eva-Lena
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Designhögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    The unexpected meeting: How to create unique colour choices for products2018Ingår i: Proceedings of the International Colour Association (AIC) Conference 2018: Colour & Human Comfort, 2018, s. 283-287Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of this artistic development work was to deepen the knowledge in the area of colouring for products. Strategies and choices of colour are often made without using design methods or engaging the user, thus not making much use of all the developments in user-centred methodology otherwise influencing many areas of design. In this series of experiments I performed, two different issues were central. The first challenge was to look into creative methods for making colour suggestions. In order to deepen the understanding of process and method, the second issue investigated was to perform colour studies where chance played a central role. The methods developed were evaluated through exercises in teaching “colour on form” as a subject for BFA students in industrial design. In this paper, I report on these experiments, the methods developed, the output they resulted in, as well as reflecting on their potential relevance in design education.

  • 196.
    Bäckström, Eva-Lena
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Designhögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    The unexpected meeting: How to create unique colour choises for products2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of my artistic development work was to deepen my knowledge in the area of colouring for products. In my practice I have worked with colouring in several fields of product design, in different materials and contexts. Since I started working as an industrial designer in the 90’s the importance of colour for the success of the design has become more obvious in recent years. Colour expertise from material suppliers and trend institutions are regarded as truth and many companies rely on their forecasts. The strategies and choices of colour can be made without the designer.

    Scanning through colour history to find ideas related to colour and form I found that this is an area still to be explored.

    In this work I have had two different tasks that I wanted to look at. My first challenge was to see if I could make colour suggestions for a product/form regardless of trends and prejudice. My other task was to see if I could find a creative way of working with colour to boost the process. Testing my creativity by performing colour studies conducted by chance.

    The intention was to see if these two different approaches would converge in some way by testing new strategies to approach colour and form. I hoped to find a way as a designer to strengthen my professionalism and I also wanted to find out if the exercises were valuable for teaching colour on form as a subject.

    Our perception and ways to interpret colour is influenced by experience, social norms and short-lived trends. In my process I wanted to be free from conventional thinking and have a norm critical approach.

    Reflecting on the result there is still much to be explored in the field of colour and product. To continue this work I can see many tracks and one would be to explore the connection between function of a product and its colour. Another track would be to look at the intuitive part of the colouring process versus design method.

  • 197.
    Bäckström, Hanna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Konst i gapet mellan tiggande och givande2015Ingår i: Feministiskt PerspektivArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 198.
    Bäckström, Nina
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Arkitekthögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Situated Commonism in the landscape of Umeå: Claiming and Sharing Places2015Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This is about acting from a situation, a place, its conditions and its actors.

    It is an attempt to understand the ongoing transformations of the city

    of Umeå, to grasp how it functions and gain the knowledge to be able

    to act within and suggest new possible futures. By looking at Umeå and

    the current situation with the parking lot as an index, a tool, a laboratory,

    and a possible new common, new ways of building the city while

    living within it will be suggested. The non place of the parking lot with

    its singular purpose is part of the mechanisms that makes our city, at the

    same time it is the effect of this city making and it is also a great place

    to start a change of such system. The 2.5x5 meters that makes a parking

    lot is small in comparison with the city, and even more so in comparison

    with the country or the world, but the size also makes it possible to

    grasp, touch and inhabit. The smallness makes it seem rather innocent

    and without much importance but the power lies within its multiplicity.

    A change within a parking lot might not be much, but the possibility of

    spreading throughout the city and the world makes the parking lot a

    very powerful place.

    Since humans can sometimes be creatures of habit, I believe that it is

    extremely important to keep on questioning the way we inhabit the

    world together. Widely spread and accepted habits can start acting like

    dysfunctional natural laws steering us in a direction we might not have

    chosen if alternatives were presented to us. By investigating and testing

    the possibilities of such a bland and unquestioned place as the parking

    lot, I am looking to find glimpses of alternative ways of making the world

    while living it.

  • 199.
    Carbonell, Adrià
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Arkitekthögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Dubai: the political project of a new metropolis2016Ingår i: Gulf cities as interfaces / [ed] George Katodrytis and Sharmeen Syed, Cambridge: Gulf Research Center Cambridge , 2016, s. 229-241Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We commonly think of Dubai as a city built from scratch. This general assumption, though, is not completely accurate, as often happens when a city is described with a simple and generic statement at first glance. This idea tends to overlook all the non-material forces that are at the very origin of any urban settlement. By focusing on a particular formal structure, we tend to forget the cultural and political substrata embodied in a particular physical reality, as well as the visions and ambitions that drove its construction. When we look at urban patterns, we are usually fascinated by their formal qualities; we see them as fabrics, as systems, as shapes and images, as landscapes and skylines. But the visual analysis runs the risk of overlooking deeper roots. The new global city of Dubai is no exception; it is the result of a political vision driven by the ruling family, the Maktouns, that has turned into a massive economic and financial operation. The city has become the interface in which the global economy has landed in the city and, through a relation of mutual benefit, has created the city we know today. Thus, Dubai's political and economic system over the last few decades has run in parallel with the urban image envisioned by its rulers, in a process that has merged urban planning, investment opportunities and real estate speculation with the creation of a new city imagery. The New Dubai has been based mainly on three strategies: the planning and construction of a huge infrastructural network; the creation of Free Zones; and the accumulation of marks of distinction and symbolic power.

  • 200.
    Carbonell, Adrià
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Arkitekthögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Repensar la urbanitat: ecologia, infraestructura, urbanització2015Ingår i: L'arquitectura que ve: una prospectiva sobre el disseny de l'hàbitat humà / [ed] Cabrera, Ivan; Roig, Antoni, Borriana: Agrupació Borrianenca de Cultura , 2015, Vol. 26, s. 93-98Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [ca]

    Si el segle XIX va ser el de l’aparició de les metròpolis i el segle XX el de l’explosió dels territoris a escala regional, el segle XXI és el de la urbanització planetària. El procés d’urbanització extensiva que estem vivint ha esborrat els límits entre la ciutat i el camp, resultant en un fenomen d’urbanització total a escala planetària, que s’està consolidant als inicis d’aquest nou segle. Seguint les idees que Henri Lefebvre va anticipar el 1970 a La revolution urbaine, aquest article qüestionarà els models tradicionals d’urbanitat i defensarà la necessitat de definir un nou territori per l’arquitectura que explori i articuli noves nocions d’ecologia i d’infraestructura, i que investigui nous processos d’urbanització.

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