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  • 151.
    Guillemot, Agneta
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Rask, Resolut, Trogen: de indelta soldaterna i det svenska agrarsamhället : Västerbotten 1860-19011986Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    My study concerns the social recruitment of infantry soldiers in the Swedish standing army ( indelta armén). The 19th century Swedish army was composed of three parts : hired troops , the conscripts and above all the ”indelta armén”. Indelta armén was unique in the world because of its organizational form. It consisted of infantry soldiers, naval men and cavalry soldiers, which were supported by the landowning farmers. Normally two farmers had the responsibility to find an infantry soldier, to pay him an annual wage and to give him a small-crofters holding; at least this was intended when the system was first organized in the 1680s. The famous author Vilhelm Moberg has written a well-known novel ”Raskens” about one of these soldiers portraying also the whole system as well as the surrounding peasant society. All of the 20000 concerned soldiers lived in the Swedish countryside among the rest of the population. They all got special names,( for example meaning Quick, Prompt, Faithful) still existing as family names of Sweden today. The study concentrates on the question of the social importance of this system in a period of rapid transformation of Swedish society, i.e the end of the 19th century. The most important questions dealt with are: the ones concerning social and geographical recruitment of soldiers (i.e. those ôf the indelta armén), the means of support and education given to these soldiers in special army training schools. One part of the book concerns social mobility among ex-soldiers and a minor study treats their family structure.

  • 152.
    Göransdotter, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    God smak som fostran eller folkbildning?: om kurser i heminredning på 1940-talet2005Ingår i: Årsbok om folkbildning 2004, Stockholm: Föreningen för folkbildningsforsking , 2005, s. 49-65Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 153.
    Hagbro, Kenneth
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Historiska studier.
    Kalla kriget i läroböckerna: på vilket sätt har kalla kriget framställts i skolans läroböcker?2005Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats har varit att undersöka hur det kalla kriget framställts i grundskolans läroböcker, samt analysera i vilken mån läroböckerna följt sin tids gällande styrdokument. Metoden har varit genom att undersöka skillnader och likheter i läroböcker från 1980-talet och 2000-talet och även se om bilden av kalla kriget har förändrats efter berlinmurens fall och Sovjetunions kollaps. Läroböckerna som har undersökts har varit två stycken ifrån 1980-talet och tre ifrån 2000-talet för att få en spridning av författarna till läroböcker inom skolan. Resultatet som har visats sig när det gäller hur läroböckerna har skildrat det kalla kriget är att det varit den traditionella synen som varit gällande, vilket innebär att skulden läggs på Sovjetunionen. De olika uppror som skedde under kalla kriget har uttryckts som att det har handlat om kampen för frihet, för människan. När det gäller på vilket sätt skildringen av det kalla kriget i läroböckerna går att koppla ihop med sina tiders gällande styrdokument, märks det ett samband mellan de äldre och de nyare läroböckerna till sina gällande styrdokument. I Lgr 80 står det om de fördjupande kunskaper som ska finnas med i läroböckerna och i Lpo 94 står det att eleverna ska känna till vilka samhälliga omvälvningar som har påverkat människans existens.

  • 154.
    Hansson, Heidi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Moderna språk.
    Kangassalo, RaijaUmeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Moderna språk.Lindmark, DanielUmeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    När språk och kulturer möts: festskrift till Tuuli Forsgren 2 november 20022002Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 155.
    Hansson, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Etisk granskning2007Ingår i: Forska rätt: texter om etik och historisk forskning / [ed] Åsa Bergenheim, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2007, s. 25-32Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Beskriver problematik kring deltagande observation i sammanhang där minderåriga finns, i detta fall skolan, samt skydd av forskningspersoner. Artikeln skildrar hur etiska överväganden förändrade ett forskningsprojekts metoder och undersökningsobjekt. Från en longitudinell studie, med framför allt klassrumsobservationer som metod, av tonåringars historiemedvetande till lärares och elevers uppfattningar om historia och historieundervisning och enkäter och intervjuer som metod.

  • 156.
    Harvard, Jonas
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Historiska studier.
    En helig allmännelig opinion: Föreställningar om offentlighet och legitimitet i svensk riksdagsdebatt 1848-19192006Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses how 'public opinion' was conceptualised by Members of the Swedish Parliament (MPs) between 1848 and 1919. The source material consists of the printed minutes from parliamentary debates where issues such as religious freedom, constitutional reform and reform of the Press were discussed. What happened to the ideal of an enlightened public opinion when the development of a large-scale industrial economy changed the nature of the Press?

    Two main aspects of public opinion are analysed. Firstly, the question of what MPs considered the most reliable source of public opinion is examined. The legitimacy of manifestations claiming to represent public opinion, such as written petitions, the Press, Parliament itself, quantitative estimations and also the silent opinion was discussed. In the 1910s the voices of women were also included by some MPs when assessing public opinion.

    The second main aspect is how MPs envisioned the relationship between the reliability of public opinion and the conditions for public discourse. Here an important distinction was made between public opinion formed in a free and unhindered debate and that brought about by persuasion.

    The study shows that public opinion was a contested concept in the Swedish Parliament. In the 1850s, Conservatives gave the religiously conservative nature of public opinion as a reason to postpone the reform of religious laws. In debating constitutional reform, on the other hand, it was the Liberals who argued that decisions should follow public opinion. In the 1910s, the Left was divided over the relationship between public opinion and the State, with some arguing that the State should intervene in the public debate to offset the negative influence of market mechanisms. Others felt that public opinion rather than legislation should set the limits of the public discourse, especially in the case of religion, but also concerning the Press.

  • 157.
    Hatje, Ann-Katrin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Historiska studier.
    Beredskapssynpunkter på det svenska jordbruket 1946-472005Ingår i: Säkerhet och försvar: En vänbok till Kent Zetterberg, Axel Abrahamsons Tryckeri- och förlagsaktiebolag, Karlskrona , 2005Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 158.
    Hatje, Ann-Katrin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Det svenska jordbrukets ringaste dotter. Om Märta Leijons (1893-1971) politiska tänkande under 1920- och 1930-talen.2004Ingår i: Samtidshistoria och politik: en vänbok till Karl Molin / [ed] Ragnar Björk, Alf W Johansson, Stockholm: Förlag Hjalmarson & Högberg , 2004Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 159.
    Hatje, Ann-Katrin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Forskningsarkivet: en mötesplats för arkiven och forskningen2003Ingår i: Scriptum, ISSN 0284-3161, Vol. 52, s. 196-199Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 160.
    Hatje, Ann-Katrin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Historiska studier.
    Från kunglig harmonisering till fosterländsk krackelering: Unionsupplösningen 19052005Ingår i: Presshistorisk årsbok 2005, 2005Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 161.
    Hatje, Ann-Katrin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Historiens mångfald: presentation av pågående forskning vid Institutionen för historiska studier, Umeå universitet2004Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 162.
    Hill, Helena
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Historiska studier.
    Befria mannen: idéer om förtryck, frigörelse och förändring hos en svensk mansrörelse under 1970- och tidigt 1980-tal2007Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The point of departure of the present thesis is the Swedish men’s movement that was formed in the mid-1970s. In the wake of the second wave of the women’s movement and its success, an increasing number of men started to question their own position in society. Men formed men’s groups and went to men’s camps. In 1978 the society Befria mannen (‘Liberate the Man’) was formed, whose goal was to contribute to abolishing gender roles and at the same time support the women’s struggle. This society is the main source of the thesis. Other important actors that are studied are Riksförbundet för sexuell upplysning (RFSU ‘the National Swedish association for Sexual Information’) and independent debaters about the male role issue. The theoretical point of departure of the thesis has been taken from theories about hegemonic masculinity, unmanliness and heteronormativity.

    The thesis analyses the men’s movement’s development from a chiefly pro-feminist orientation to a movement assuming an antagonistic attitude to the women’s movement. In parallel with this development there was also a change in the view of masculinity. From having embraced gender role theory, in which gender roles were seen as culturally constructed and dysfunctional, the men in the men’s movement went on to assert the importance of their own masculinity. They had thereby adopted the ideology of gender difference, an ideology that had had become increasingly common throughout society in the 1980s.

    Concurrently with changes in the men’s movement, a change in the reception of the movement is also discernible. The initially enthusiastic reception in the media changed into a critical and sometimes disparaging attitude. By questioning hegemonic masculinity ideals, the men’s movement had challenged the existing gender order. The men were more and more often stereotyped and characterized as “unmanly” and “feminine”. This gave rise to a fear of not appearing as a “real man” at the same time as norms for what was the right and natural way of being a man were produced and reproduced.

    The men’s movement’s statements and practices may on the one hand be considered subversive. Merely by acting differently, they showed that it was possible to exist in different ways and that masculinity was not a stable and unchangeable phenomenon.

    But the criticism against them and the definition of them as unmanly also gave rise to fear. The fear of being labelled as a velour daddy and softy may therefore also have served to consolidate the norms for masculinity and for who should be regarded as a “real man”.

  • 163.
    Hill, Helena
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Historiska studier.
    De kallades mjukismän och velournallar: Tvärsnitt2004Ingår i: Tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348-7997, Vol. 2004, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 164.
    Hill, Helena
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Historiska studier.
    Kvinnorörelsens lillebror: NIKK magasin2004Ingår i: NIKK magasin, Vol. 2004, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 165.
    Hjelm, Jonny
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Amasoner på planen: Svensk damfotboll 1965-19802004Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 166.
    Hjelm, Jonny
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Arbete och människovärde: Recension av Lena Erikssons avhandling - Arbete till varje pris. Arbetslinjen i 1920-talets arbetslöshetspolitik. Acta Universitatis Stockholmniensis, Stockholm Studies in History, nr 75, Stockholm 2004.2005Ingår i: Historisk Tidskrift, Vol. 2005, nr 3, s. 500-507Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 167.
    Hjelm, Jonny
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Den dåliga damfotbollsspelaren2007Ingår i: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224, Vol. 83, s. 23-Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 168.
    Hjelm, Jonny
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Det moderna Handels: Film, dans och kampanjer för varuutkörare och butiksfolk.2006Ingår i: Arbetarhistoria: Meddelande från Arbetarrörelsens arkiv och bibliotek., ISSN 0281-7446, Vol. 117, nr 1/2006, s. 29-36Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 169.
    Hjelm, Jonny
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Fackligt arbete i Älvsborg: Om lokalt fackligt arbete i Handels sedan 1920-talet2007Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 170.
    Hjelm, Jonny
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Hundra år med Handels2006Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 171.
    Hjelm, Jonny
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Naiset ja jalkapallo sosiaalisena liikkeenä2007Ingår i: Kuningaspelin kentät, Tampere: Helsinki University press , 2007Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 172.
    Hjelm, Jonny
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Skogsarbetarna och motorsågen: en studie av arbetsliv och teknisk förändring1991Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with how workers actively introduced a new technique to their own labour process. More specifically, it is concerned with how Swedish forest workers during the 1950s gradually replaced the manual one-man crosscut saw with the motor-driven saw.

    The workers’ own views and actions are of central importance to the analysis of this process of technical change. Therefore fifty elderly forest workers, who had worked in forests in the county of Västerbotten in northern Sweden, were inter­viewed. The point of departure of the study is the fact that it was the forest workers themselves who financed and bought the chain saw.

    The study indicates that there were two main reasons for acquiring a chain saw. The forest workers hoped to lessen the physical work load and to improve their wages. The first workers to use the chain saw I called ”the pioneers”. They had made some, but rather little, acquaintance with the chain saw before they started to use it. They were often disappointed with the new tool. In the middle of the 1950s, the construction of the chain saws was improved and, as a result, the chain saw made its breakthrough in the second half of the 1950s. Those who bought the chain saw during this period were clearly more pleased with it than the pioneers had been.

    A few years into the 1960s, when almost all forest workers had bought a chain saw, unemployment slowly started to increase. Simultaneously, the piecework wage system began to change. The chain saws were by this time becoming very efficient, and the benefit could and would not go solely to the forest workers. Employers and forest owners were also to have a share and they manifested this will in the wage negotiations. The forest workers responded by increasing their work tempo, to make the salaries remain at a high level, at least for the most efficient workers. For others, the older and those who were less productive, things became harder.

    The increase in work intensity brought with it an increase in accidents and injuries. The workers’ satisfaction in their job deteriorated.

    The lesson the forest workers learned, and this guided their actions when new machines were introduced later, was that it was important to act as a collective. Equally important, however, was the insight that good working conditions and a positive wage development do not only depend on technology, but on the social order in which the technology is embedded.

  • 173.
    Hjelm, Jonny
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Varuutkörare, kontorister och bodknoddar: om riktiga arbetare och vanliga anställda2007Ingår i: Arbetarhistoria i brytningstid: Landskrona i maj 2005, Landskrona: Centrum för Arbetarhistoria , 2007Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 174.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Den åländska fiskarkulturen2006Ingår i: Finsk tidskrift: Kultur-Ekonomi-Politik, ISSN 0015-248X, nr 6Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 175.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Durchmarscher och kronoskjuts: Lokalbefolkningen och de militära transportproblemen under kriget 1808-091995Ingår i: Militärhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 176.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Finska kriget 1808-09: krigsförlopp och förklaring2007Ingår i: Meddelande 66: armémuseum 2006 / [ed] Thomas Roth, Stockholm: Föreningen Armémusei vänner , 2007, s. 58-77Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 177.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Finska kriget 1808-18092006Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken behandlar finska kriget 1808-1809. Arbetet tar sitt avstamp i kriget bakgrund i den europeiska storpolitiken. Den mest tydliga tesen som drivs är fråna om undrehållet avgörande betydelse. Kriget bestämdes av de båda arméernas förmåga att förflytta och underhålla sin soldater. Det civila samhällets roll i detta sammanhang lyft tydligt fram som en avgörande faktor i kriget. Boken tar även upp de poltiska förvecklingaran i Sverige och Finland.

  • 178.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Kluvna lojaliteter?: ålänningarna och den ryska överhögheten under Krimkriget 1854-562004Ingår i: Historiens mångfald: presentation av pågående forskning vid Institutionen för historiska studier, Umeå universitet / [ed] Ann-Katrin Hatje, Umeå: Institutionen för historiska studier, Umeå universitet , 2004, s. 169-183Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 179.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Lantvärnet vid Stockholmseskadern 1808 - en meningslös katastrof?2000Ingår i: Skärgårdsflottan: uppbyggnad, militär användning och förankring i det svenska samhället 1700-1824 / [ed] Hans Norman, Lund: Historiska media , 2000, s. 308-326Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 180.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Lars Rosander: Sveriges fältmarskalkar.2003Ingår i: Karolinska förbundets årsbok, ISSN 0348-9833Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 181.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Militärrevolten 1809 som process2007Ingår i: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 2Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 182.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Narva 1700 "Yksi kymmentä vastaan"2007Ingår i: Suomalaisten taistelut, Tammi, Helsingfors , 2007Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 183.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Om krigets förutsättningar: Den militära underhållsproblematiken och det civila samhället i norra Sverige och Finland under Finska kriget 1808-092002Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Finnish War 1808-1809 started in February 1808 by a Russian attack on Finland and ended by the peace treaty of Fredrikshamn in September 1809. The peace meant the dissolution of the six-hundred-year old Swedish-Finnish realm. The Finnish War 1808-09 was fought in the poor and isolated areas of the north of Sweden and Finland.

    This thesis deals with the preconditions for the supply of an army and warfare in the northern parts of Finland and Sweden in the period 1808 – 1809. The problems of the supply service and the role of local civilian society within the military supply system are the focus of attention. The thesis aims at posing new questions as well as supplying a new perspective on the nature of warfare at this period of time. A modified picture of the Finnish War of 1808-1809 will also be presented. Three areas of problems are addressed: 1) The resources in the war zone, war plans and supply organization; 2) Logistical problems; 3) The role of civilian society as a resource within the military supply system. Both the Swedish Army and the Russian Army are examined. Geographically the scope of the thesis is restricted to three counties in northern Sweden and Finland, namely Västerbotten in Sweden, Oulu and Vaasa in Finland.

    The most significant findings of this thesis are that the preconditions for supply during the Finnish War 1808-1809 are to a large extent equal to the ability and the will of the local population to offer provisions and render services. It can also be shown that supply was instrumental in the warfare during certain critical periods, especially in the summer of 1808. The difference between the Russian and the Swedish supply systems is to a large extent indicative of the outcome of the war. The Russian decentralized supply system proved more flexible than the Swedish did, despite an apparently superior organization of the latter. Additionally, it is an important realization that supply as a key factor in warfare is not made up of just delivery of food stuff and forage but also comprises vital functions like grinding of flour and baking of bread. From a European perspective the issue of supply proves to be a difficult one in Finland as well as in other peripheral states, e.g. Spain. When the local resources are sparse a supply system based on storage is required on the one hand and systematic co-operation with the local population on the other.

    Keywords: The Finnish War 1808-09, logistics, war and society, war, supplies, military supply system, artels, farmers, civilian administration, burghers, Sweden and the Napoleonic Wars.

  • 184.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Oravainen 1808 "Mi voitosta teki tappion"2007Ingår i: Suomalaisten taistelut, Tammi, Helsingfors , 2007Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 185.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Historiska studier.
    Porrasalmi 1789 Kuinka Döbeln sai otsanauhansa2007Ingår i: Suomalaisten taistelut, Tammi, Helsingfors , 2007Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 186.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Ruotsinsalmi 1790 Uhkayritys2007Ingår i: Suomalaisten taistelut, 2007Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 187.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Ryska kriget 1788-90 och Finska kriget 1808-09 - aspekter på sjötransporternas betydelse2007Ingår i: Forsvarsmuseets småskrifter, ISSN 08005249, Vol. 43Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sjötransporterna under krigen i Finland 1788-90 och 1808-09 har ofta fått en mycket liten plats i historieskrivningen. I artiklen lyfts sjötransporternas betydelsefulla roll fram. Sjötransporterna var avgörnade för de svenska arméernas underhåll under de båda krigen.

  • 188.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier. Historia.
    Sjötransporter och skärgårdskrig: - avgörande faktorer i Finland 18082007Ingår i: Skärgård, ISSN 0356-9381, Vol. 30, nr 3, s. 10-Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 189.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Suomen sota 1808-18092007Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 190.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Viapori 1808 Kohtalokas kavallus2007Ingår i: Suomalaisten taistelut, 2007Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 191.
    Hårdstedt, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Historiska studier.
    Viipuri 1790 Teatterikuningas sadassa2007Ingår i: Suomalaisten taistelut, 2007Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 192.
    Högman, Ann-Kristin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Ageing in a changing society: Elderly men and women in urban Sweden 1830-19301999Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with the impact of industrialisation and urbanisation on the living conditions of aged men and women. By studying labour force participation, savings and pensions, the role of the family, and the extent of dependency of aged men and women from a gender and class perspective, continuities and changes between pre-industrial and industrial times are examined. The main focus is placed on the situation of elderly persons living in the town of Sundsvall between 1830 and 1930. This town became the commercial centre of one of the largest saw-mill districts in the world at the end of the nineteenth century. The residence patterns of old men and women in Sundsvall are also compared with those in two other Swedish industrialised urban areas; the capital Stockholm and the textile centre Norrköping.

    According to modernisation theorists, industrialisation and urbanisation led to an increase in dependency in old age, due to weakening family ties and unemployment. This study shows the complexity of the issue. It is true that some sources reveal a declining proportion of men participating in the labour force at the very end of the period of observation, but this was primarily due to the introduction of the national pension system in 1914. On the other hand, other records show a stability or even an increasing proportion of elderly men and women in the labour market.

    By contrast with previous studies of the residence patterns of aged persons, this dissertation shows a very high percentage of elderly women living alone in all three urban areas selected for study. However, this was not solely a sign of isolation, since the vast majority of those elderly living in households of their own had children residing in the vicinity. Furthermore, many old men and women shared households with their children, although this pattern was less common among the working class. The role of off-spring appears to have been important both in pre-industrial and industrial times. The residence patterns of the urban elderly were probably influenced by traditional rural living arrangements, to the extent that old couples and their married children often lived close to each other but usually maintained households of their own. Old parents and their adult children might have preferred to live in separate households instead of crowding in with each other.

    The unmarried elderly were probably most affected by the transformations taking place at the end of the nineteenth century. A considerable number of them migrated late in life, leaving all their relatives behind. Therefore, they became highly vulnerable. Unmarried men tended to be more exposed to the dangers of urban life. They probably experienced tougher working conditions, had weaker social networks, and could not manage on their own to the same extent as women. Therefore, a larger propor-tion of men than women ended up in the workhouse.

  • 193.
    Ivanov, Gunnela
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Historiska studier.
    Vackrare vardagsvara – design för alla?: Gregor Paulsson och Svenska Slöjdföreningen 1915–19252004Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is structured in six chapters. Chapter I contains an introduction and includes purpose, theory, method, and concepts. The main purpose, as depicted by the title, is to examine the roots of Swedish ideology concerning what today is generally named design, as embodied in the concept of more beautiful or better things for everyday life (in Swedish: ”vackrare vardagsvara”).

    Chapter II contains a background and includes philosophical ideas and aesthetic movements in Europe which have influenced the Swedish Society of Arts and Crafts (in Swedish ”Svenska Slöjdföreningen”, abbreviated SSF) which was later renamed the Swedish Society of Crafts and Design (in Swedish: ”Föreningen Svensk Form”). It considers these activities: the Arts and Crafts movement in England, the Swedish national romantic movement, Deutscher Werkbund in Germany, and Swedish moulders of public opinion and new ideas, like Ellen Key, Carl Larsson and Gregor Paulsson.

    Chapter III is an ideological biography of Gregor Paulsson. The chapter deals with biographical data and ideological development, and the social aesthetical texts which were important in his activity in the National Museum and as director of The Swedish Society of Arts and Crafts. Gregor Paulsson is considered mainly in his role as social aesthetical propagandist and museologist.

    Chapter IV concerns the early history and activities of the Swedish Society of Arts and Crafts seen as an introduction to the Baltic Exhibition 1914, and the subsequent schism which eventually led to its reorganization and a new ideological orientation. Its activities were directed towards increased cooperation between artists and industry, and a special department was established as an employment office for companies and designers under the management of the textile artist Elsa Gullberg. This chapter also includes a brief portrait of key persons in the Society.

    Chapter V is a study in several sections of the articles for everyday use seen in industrial practice, with Gustavsberg’s china factory and Orrefors’ glassworks as two separate historical studies. The 1917 Home Exhibition is surveyed as an example of the educational ambitions in the development of people’s taste. The focus of the chapter, however, is the international industrial art exhibition in Paris 1925, Exposition International des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes, and the debate about it in the Swedish and French press.

    Chapter VI consists of a concluding discussion with a final epilogue. It contains suggested questions for future research including relations between design and ethics.

  • 194. Jansson, Ulf
    et al.
    Mårald, ErlandUmeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Historiska studier.
    Bruka, odla, hävda: Odlingssystem och uthålligt jordbruk under 400 år2005Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 195.
    Jonsson, Alexander
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Historiska studier.
    De norrländska landshövdingarna och statsbildningen 1634-17692005Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis studies the county governors of northern Sweden during the period 1634–1769, altogether 41 men, and their part in the ongoing state formation process during the early modern period. The office of county governor was established in the constitution of 1634 and played an integral part in the modernisation of the local and regional administration of the Swedish realm. The governors’ primary tasks were to monitor the bailiffs and other civil servants and to protect the interests of the Crown. Another task was to maintain the communication between the King and the subjects. The Crown wished to increase its control over the political, economic, ideological and military spheres of society, in the pursuit of greater revenues and more conscripts to army, among other things. Special interest is paid to four different aspects of the governors and their work.

    A study of the governors’ conception of their position and duties of the office shows that their valuation of the office varied with the individual office-holder’s personal status and situation. Many governors uttered sentiments reminiscent of a patrimonial administration, although the system de jure showed many bureaucratic characteristics.

    At the county council, a former arena of regional self-government, the governors met and interacted with the subjects and announced decrees from the Crown. The county council was an important forum for regional administration and interaction, although it was not sanctioned in law, and therefore held at an ad hoc basis.

    The daily work of the governors varied with the changing times and conditions of the region and the realm as a whole. In times of war, military matters were predominant in the governor’s correspondence with the King. But the daily administrative work on the regional and local level was never dominated by military issues. All different aspects of society had to be kept in working order, whether the realm was at war or not. The supplications that were sent from the subjects to the governor also always had a good chance of being granted. This was an important tool for legitimating the prevailing social order. The rulers of the realm thereby presented themselves as benign and ready to attend to the subjects’ needs.

    A few governors of northern Sweden were subjected to the investigations of royal commissions, but none of the them were deposed by such commissions. The investigations were caused by complaints from other civil servants, military officers and also from the populace. The accusations pertained to abuse and neglect of office and violations of the rights of specific groups.

  • 196.
    Jonsson, Kjell
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Historiska studier.
    Behändig men tvetydig tvåsamhet2005Ingår i: Västerbottens-Kuriren, nr 2005-03-23Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 197.
    Jonsson, Kjell
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Historiska studier.
    En tid i stort behov av nya idéer2005Ingår i: Forskning&Framsteg, ISSN 0015-7967, nr 3Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 198.
    Jonsson, Kjell
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska studier.
    Forskarnas plats på vita duken: laboratoriet i amerikansk populärfilm2006Ingår i: Topos: essäer om tänkvärda platser och platsbundna tankar / [ed] Erland Mårald & Christer Nordlund, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2006, s. 71-93Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 199.
    Jonsson, Kjell
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Historiska studier.
    Framtidsskaparna2005Ingår i: Lychnos: Årsbok för idé- och lärdomshistoria 2005, 2005Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 200.
    Jonsson, Kjell
    Umeå universitet, Humanistisk fakultet, Historiska studier.
    Från tomteforskning till Bingo: Västerbottens-Kuriren2004Ingår i: Västerbottens-KurirenArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
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