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  • 201.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Äktenskapet, sexualmoralen och barnets bästa som samhällsorganisatörer i två statliga utredningar: kommentar till texter om äktenskap2015In: Sexualpolitiska nyckeltexter / [ed] Klara Arnberg, Pia Laskar, Fia Sundevall, Stockholm: Leopard , 2015, p. 317-325Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 202.
    Edenheim, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    ”Även queerteorin måste förklara sig – och ta ställning.: Recension av Når heteroseksualiteten må forklare seg2009In: Trikster, no 3Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 203.
    Edenheim, Sara
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Persson, Cecilia
    Enade vi falla, söndrade vi stå!: Reflektioner om kontinuitet, kronologi, myter och stringens2006In: Kvinnovetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 0348-8365, Vol. 27, no 2-3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 204.
    Edenheim, Sara
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Akademisk feminism: Institutionalisering, organisation och kritik2014In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 99-121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is an examination of what consequences our passion for critical research has had on our relation to Gender Studies as a discipline. The examination begins with the exclusion from, and escape from, another discipline, to the space and possibilities offered by Gender Studies. This move is, however, also an escape into a new discipline and a new order of normativities. We move on to identifying these normativities: 1) Gender Studies as constituted through a compromise with research ideals, where, for example, the concept gender (genus) is depicted as more inclusive than other concepts, and Gender Studies as less critical and political than Feminist Studies, 2) the dogmatism of sisterhood, as an identity based limitation for research, and 3) the constant mix-up with, and adaptation to, both governmental gender equality politics and activist organisations outside the university. In order to exist, Gender Studies has, in some way or another, compromised with all three of these normativities. We do not assume that this development is automatically bad or good – the normativities do not always reinforce each other, incongruences and gaps sometimes appear when they meet, and a compromise also implies that there still remains something of that which is ‘other’, of that which was ‘too much’ and had to be compromised. However, for the moment they seem to interact with a neo-liberal governmentality that restructures politics, activist demands, and identifications as well as research focus and university organisation. Hence, we see a need for a re-organisation of academic feminism, using Gender Studies as a platform, but constituted by neither the traditional object of study (“women/gender”) nor the idea of infinite inclusion and flexibility (“intersectionality”). Instead we propose that passion for critical research (including responsibility of that research), organised around the untimely idea of a non-competitive collegium, constitutes the guiding rules for a non-nostalgic and non-identical academic feminism.

  • 205.
    Edenheim, Sara
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Institute for advanced studies, Princeton.
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Karlstad university.
    Representations of equality: processes of depoliticization of the citizen-subject2016In: Gendered citizenship and the politics of representation / [ed] Hilde Danielsen, Kari Jegerstedt, Ragnhild L. Muriaas, Brita Ytre-Arne, Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, p. 61-83Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 206.
    Edin, Kerstin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Nilsson, Bo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Men's violence: narratives of men attending anti-violence programmes in Sweden2014In: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 46, p. 96-106Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The efficacy of batterer-intervention programmes for men has frequently been questioned, inviting additional research and development. Men inclined to violence have multifaceted problems but are frequently squeezed into ‘one-size-fits-all’ programmes with high ambitions for change that often show little evidence of effectiveness. Some research even indicates that any changes in men's violent behaviour might result from factors not at all linked to the programmes.

    For this study, ten interviews were carried out with men who had attended anti-violence programmes within the Swedish Probation Service. The overall aim was to analyse gendered identity constructions in the narratives of men attending the programmes — how men articulate the course of violent events and in what way they talk about themselves and the programmes.

    According to our results, men defended themselves by making excuses, explanations and victim positions. Furthermore, the men's gendered identity constructions collided with the programmes' ambitions of changing men's conceptions and behaviour.

  • 207.
    Edlund, Ann-Catrine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Comparative Literature and Scandinavian Languages.
    Kan män vara sjuksköterskor och kvinnor brandmän? Om sambandet mellan yrkesbeteckningar och kön2004In: Den könsuppdelade arbetsmarknaden:: betänkande av utredningen om den könssegregerade svenska arbetsmarknaden / [ed] Statens offentliga utredningar, Stockholm, 2004, p. 263-280Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 208.
    Edlund, Ann-Catrine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Comparative Literature and Scandinavian Languages.
    Erson, Eva
    Milles, Karin
    Frödin, Ulf (Illustrator)
    Språk och kön2007Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi översköljs dagligen av föreställningar om hur män och kvinnor "är". Vi möter en mängd schablonbilder i massmedia och populärkultur. Dessa konstruerade föreställningar om skillnader mellan könen gäller också vårt språkbruk.

    Författarna diskuterar och problematiserar våra kulturella föreställningar om språkskillnader mellan könen med utgångspunkt i den massmediala verkligheten och våra vardagliga erfarenheter. De visar att många av förställningarna om språkskillnader mellan könen är konstruerade och saknar grund. I stället tydliggörs de många - och svårfångade - sambanden mellan språk och kön.

    Språk och kön är landets första vetenskapligt uppbyggda lärobok i ämnet. Den vänder sig både till studenter och till yrkesverksamma. Boken kan användas på utbildningar i bland annat språkvetenskap, nordiska språk, genusvetenskap och lärarutbildningar.

  • 209.
    Edlund, Ida
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Användning av sociala medier under arbetsdagen och skattad stressnivå: En del i gränsdragningen mellan arbete och familj2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Flexibiliteten i dagens arbetsliv bidrar till att en individs livsdomäner allt mer träder in i varandra, till stor del genom informations- och kommunikationsteknologin och sociala medier. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka huruvida det finns ett samband mellan användningen av sociala medier på arbetet och skattad stressnivå hos arbetande individer. En elektronisk enkät innehållande bakgrundsvariabler, egenkonstruerade frågor kring sociala medier samt Perceived Stress Scale mailades ut till 111 deltagare, varav 93 personer besvarade den. Bland bakgrundsvariablerna återfanns inte några samband mellan varken skattad stressnivå eller användningen av sociala medier. Analys med korstabell och χ2-test visade på ett signifikant samband mellan skattad stressnivå och användning av sociala medier. Ett signifikant positivt samband hittades mellan skattad stressnivå och antal minuter per arbetsdag som ägnas åt att använda sociala medier (r = ,239, p < ,05). Sociala medier kan därmed fungera både som hjälpmedel för en individ när denna försöker balansera gränserna mellan sina livsdomäner, men även försvårande när användningen tar upp för mycket tid.

  • 210.
    Edlund, Lars-Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Viveca Rabb, Genuskongruens på reträtt. Variation i nominalfrasen i Kvevlaxdialekten. Åbo 2007 (Åbo Akademis Förlag). ISBN 978-951-765-360-2. ISBN 978-951-765-361-9 (digital), 205 pp2008In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, no 2, p. 107-108Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 211.
    Edström, Charlotta
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Brunila, Kristiina
    Troubling Gender Equality: Revisiting Gender Equality Work in the Famous Nordic Model Countries2016In: Education as Change, ISSN 1682-3206, E-ISSN 1947-9417, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 10-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article concerns gender equality work, that is, those educational and workplace activities that involve the promotion of gender equality. It is based on research conducted in Sweden and Finland, and focuses on the period during which the public sector has become more market-oriented and project-based all over the Nordic countries. The consequences of this development on gender equality work have not yet been thoroughly analysed. Our joint empirical analysis is based on discourse-analytic methodology and two previous empirical studies. By analysing interviews conducted with people involved in gender equality work, this article emphasises the effects of market-oriented and project-based gender equality work in education and working life in Sweden and in Finland. The findings highlight an alliance between projectisation and heteronormativity that acts to regulate how gender equality ought to be talked about in order for its issues to be heard. A persistently constructed 'remedy' to 'the gender equality problem' is that girls and women are positioned as 'needing' to change more than boys and men, by adopting more traditionally 'masculine manners' and choosing to work in more 'masculine sectors'. The findings also show that the constitutive forces of these discourses provide little leeway for critical perspectives.

  • 212.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Broström, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Is high social class always beneficial for survival?: Northern Sweden 1801–2013Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Focusing on two regions in northern Sweden 1801–2013, we challenge common notions of the assumed advantage in survival of belonging to a high social class. The issue is analysed according to gender and age group (adults and elderly) and in relation to the developmentof economic inequality. The results show that high social class is not always favourable for survival. Men in the elite category had higher mortality compared to others during a large part of the studied period; a male mortality class reversal appears at a surprisingly late date, while the social gradient among women conforms to the expected pattern. Wesuggest that health-related behaviour is decisive not only in later but earlier phases of the mortality transition as well. The results implicate that the association between social class and health is more complex than is assumed in many of the dominant theories in demography and epidemiology.

  • 213.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Broström, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Life course and long-term perspectives of social inequality in mortality among elderly and adults in Northern Sweden 1801–20132017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate the development of social inequality in Swedish mortality over the life course in the elderly and adult population during the mortality transition. The study focuses on two main questions, the first relate to the long-term change in social differences in mortality. The second question is whether socio-economic position have less impact on the elderly population compared to population in working age and if the age pattern of social inequalities has changed from the 19th century to the present. Furthermore, in this study we consider possible gender-specific patterns in this process. The development of mortality in different social classes is analysed according to both total mortality and major cause-of-death categories. For the later periods, we also compare the results from the class-based analysis with other measures of social position, in this case income and education. Focus is on mortality in the Skellefteå and Umeå regions in northern Sweden 1851-2013. The study is based on the historical population data from the Demographic Data Base, Umeå University and modern population register data from Statistics Sweden.

  • 214.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Häggström Lundevaller, Erling
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Do unequal societies cause death among the elderly?: a study of the health effects of inequality in Swedish municipalities, 20062013In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 6, no 1, article id 19116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A lively public and academic debate has highlighted the potential health risk of living in regions and nations characterized by inequality. However, previous research provides an ambiguous picture, with positive association mainly having been found on higher geographical levels. One explanation for this could be that the effect of living in more heterogeneous social settings differs between levels of aggregation. 

    Methods: We examine the association between income inequality (using the Gini coefficient) and all-cause mortality in Swedish municipalities in the age group 65-74. A multi-level analysis is applied and we control for e.g. individual income and average income level in the unicipality. The analyses are based on individual register data on all residents born between 1932 and 1941, and outcomes are measured for the year 2006.

    Results: Lower individual income as well as lower average income level in the municipality of residence increased mortality significantly. We found an association between income inequality and mortality with excessive deaths in unequal municipalities even after controlling for mean income level and personal income. The results from the analysis of individual data differed substantially from analyses using aggregate data.

    Conclusions: Income inequality has a significant association with mortality in the age groups 65 to 75 at municipality level. The association is small compared to many other variables, but it is not negligible. Even in a comparatively equal society like Sweden, we need to consider possible effects of income inequality on mortality at the local level. 

  • 215.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Häggström Lundevaller, Erling
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Do unequal societies cause death and disease?: A study of the health effects on elderly of inequality in Swedish municipalities, 20062011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A lively public and academic debate has highlighted the potential health risk of living in regions and nations characterized by inequality (Wilkinson and Pickett 2007; 2009). It is argued that inequality may add to increasing health differentials over the life course. However, previous research provides so far an ambiguous picture. One explanation could be that the effect of living in more heterogeneous social settings may differ between levels of aggregation. A hypothesis is that homogeneity is positive on the national or regional level, while on a lower level of aggregation living in homogeneous settings could be detrimental for health, at least in poor neighborhoods.

    In this paper we present the preliminary results of our examination on how residence in unequal versus homogeneous areas is associated with health outcome of elderly people in Sweden. These first results are based on municipality level data on individuals born between 1932 and 1941 and the outcome is measured for the year 2006. Furthermore, we analyze the effect on health of income inequality (measured by Gini-coefficient) as compared to the effect of individual income and the average income level in the area. We analysed the associations both with individual-level and multi-level analysis. Our main finding is that inequality has an independent effect on mortality in the way that unequal municipalities have excessive deaths even after controlling for mean income level and personal income. This result was found not only in the individual-level analysis but also in the multilevel analysis.

  • 216.
    Egan Sjölander, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Att HBTQ-certifiera ett hockeylag. Om Kiruna IF och Acceptansprojektet till Allsvenskan2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 217.
    Ehn, Billy
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Ethnology.
    Mångdisciplinära, "tvärvetenskapliga" utbildningar2007In: Utvärdering av fyra mångvetenskapliga utbildningar inomhumaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Stockholm: Högskoleverket , 2007, , p. 17-21p. 17-20Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 218.
    Ehn, Billy
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Löfgren, Orvar
    Akademiska mästerskap?2008In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, no 2, p. 2-7Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 219.
    Eimermann, Marco
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Trumberg, AndersÖrebro universitet.
    Place and Identity: a new landscape of social and political change in Sweden2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is internationally renowned for its generous welfare state. However, over the past decades, changes in economic circumstances and population composition, as well as increasing population concentration in larger urban areas, have imposed new challenges to the Swedish model. What does this imply for individual and collective identity formation? Why and how have some places become more attractive than others? What individuals or groups prosper from these changes and who looses? The authors of this anthology highlight social and political change in Sweden from different perspectives, based on various studies in urban and rural Sweden. They represent five disciplines: history, human geography, political science, social work and sociology. Contextualised by theories on place and identity, the book's ten chapters focus on ageing, lifestyle migration, rural landscape, place branding, group identity, religion, music, the school as a meeting place, unsafety and residential projects. The participating authors are affiliated with the Centre for Urban and Regional Studies (CUReS) at Örebro University, Sweden.

  • 220.
    Einarsson, Sandra
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Rapo, Sofia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Internationalisering på hemmaplan: Inspiration från institutionen för kostvetenskap2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 221.
    Eiserman, Anton
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Vinlistor, vem bestämmer vad?: Hur restaurangägare/vinansvariga utformar vinlistor2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Människor i Sverige blir allt mer intresserad av mat och dryck vilket man kan se i antalet tv-program och i den ökade investeringen i alkoholreklamen. Detta och eget intresse i ämnet lade startskottet för intresset att undersöka hur vinlistor utformas för att få en ökad förståelse för hur vin hamnar på vinlistan. Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka vilka faktorer som ligger bakom val till hur en vinlista utformas på restaurang av ägare eller så kallad vinansvarig samt om dessa val grundar sig i kundens- och/eller ägarens önskemål. Detta genom att först göra en studie av vinlistor för att ge en överblick av hur vinlistor är uppbyggda idag och vad de innehåller. För att sedan göra kvalitativa intervjuer med ägare/vinsansvariga i olika typer av restauranger för att undersöka vilka nyckelfaktorer som påverkar utformningen av vinlistan och hur restaurangägare tar hänsyn till kundens önskemål/förväntningar. Man kan se att vinlistans utformning skiljer sig åt mellan olika typer av restauranger, både då det gäller omfattning och innehåll. Resultatet från intervjuerna visar att de huvudfaktorer som påverkar vinlistan utformning hos undersökta restauranger är urval av vin, anpassning och hållbarhet. Uppsatsens undersökningar visade sig vara väldigt lärorika och relevanta till valt område. Intervjuerna visade att vinlistan är ett verktyg för ägaren att förmedla sitt intresse och sin idé med innehållet men där en viss anpassning sker efter kunden och maten som serveras tillsammans med olika synsätt på hur en hållbar vinlista ska se ut. Vinlistan är utan tvivel ett komplext verktyg som både kan användas för ägaren att leva ut sin passion för vin men även som ett verktyg för att öka försäljningen.

     

     

    Nyckelord: Kunden, Restaurangägare, Val, Vin, Vinlistor

  • 222.
    Ekerholm, Helena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Plikt och undantag: vapenfrilagstiftningen och det manliga medborgarskapet i Sverige 1965-19782014In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 134, no 1, p. 31-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In countries where military conscription has been in force such service has been defined as a masculine duty as opposed to feminine caring and life giving duties. Conscientious objectors not only question a societal contract of duties and civil rights; they also challenge a politically hegemonic masculinity by opting out of one of its main homosocial arenas. This article investigates the changes made to non-combatant conscription service legislation and how it was discussed and designed as a condition for male citizenship in Sweden 1965–1978.

    In 1963, the Social democrats and the Liberals demanded changes in the restrictive non-combatant conscription legislation adopted during World War II. Critics regarded the connection of the non-combatant services to the armed forces as too manifest. New legislation was introduced in 1966. A state board was established to evaluate requests for civil service, transferring evaluation from the military to the civilian sector. The non-combatant service areas were expanded in order to take individual requests into consideration, without compromising the need for conscripts within the total national defense. Members of Jehovah’s Witnesses, who refused unconditionally, were controversially exempt from all service, as they were deemed unfit, comparable to alcoholics and anti-socials.

    A notable increase of ethical and political non-combatant applications in the last years of the 1960s and early 1970s proved challenging to the 1966 legislation. In 1973 a new governmental commission was appointed to propose changes. One problem was the application evaluation board’s partiality towards religious objectors and the nature of the proceedings, which were criticized for being too intrusive, thus clashing with the objectors’ civil rights. In 1978 the approved service sectors were further expanded into the civilian sector, for example by allowing environmental work, school assistance and service with the Red Cross. The legislative changes indicate that the link between conditioned male citizenship and military service was weakened, when challenged by the non-combatants’ alternative masculinities.

  • 223.
    Ekholm, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Understanding Supply Chain Intergration: A Connectivity & Willingness Perspective.2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 224.
    Ekholm, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    "Det är väl dags att få någonting tillbaka": En diskursanalys av känslor och makthierarkier i två välgörenhetsgalor2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Välgörenhet är ett stort samtida fenomen och så även välgörenhetsgalor. Vissa har argumenterat för biståndsarbete och välgörenhet har två sidor, altruism och egenintresse (Öhman, 2000). Den här uppsatsen undersöker känslor och makthierarkier inom en välgörenhetsdiskurs genom att analysera två svenska välgörenhetsgalor som sändes i SVT och TV4 under 2017. De teoretiska utgångpunkterna har främst varit Sara Ahmeds (2011) teori om olustens politik, Olli Pyyhtinens (2014) tolkning och utveckling av Marcel Mauss (1924) teori om gåvor och utbyten, samt Jo Littler (2008) och Ilan Kapoors (2013) teorier om kändisars deltagande i välgörenhet. Genom att använda Ernest Laclau och Chantal Mouffes diskursteori som teoretisk ingång och metod för diskursanalysen undersöks välgörenhetsdiskursens möjligheter och krav, med fokus på sprickor och spänningar som uppstår inom dess ramar. Analysen visar att diskursen kräver vissa moment för att existera. Ett sådant moment är de, med användning av Kapoors begrepp, avpolitiserande effekter som framkommer när fokus riktas mot snabba lösningar på akuta problem snarare än att tala om social rättvisa och politiska åtgärder. Ytterligare ett moment som diskursen kräver är temat om medlidande för att kunna väcka känslor hos subjektet som uppmanas att skänka pengar. I förlängningen krävs också lyckliga slut, där detta givarsubjekt får se hur pengarna har hjälpt rädda liv på barn runt om i världen. Analysen visar hur välgörenhetsgalorna, trots goda intentioner, också bidrar till att konstruera en bild av Sverige som en ”god” nation vilket förstärker makthierarkier mellan Sverige och de länder som mottar pengar från välgörenheten. Bilden av Sverige som (re)produceras inom välgörenhetsdiskursen osynliggör också förståelser av Sverige som del i en global kapitalistisk ordning som tar från samma fattiga som välgörenhetsgalorna ämnar rädda.

  • 225.
    Eklund, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Studenters kontaktnätverk i samband med uppsatsskrivande2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här är en undersökning över hur studenternas kontaktnätverk ser ut i samband med deras kandidatuppsats. Med uppsatsen vill jag förbättra kunskapen om studenters kommunikationsnätverk. Följande frågor har använts: Hur ser studenters kontaktnätverk ut under deras kandidatuppsats? Vilka människor diskuterar studenter sina kandidatuppsatser med? Hur viktig är kommunikationen med dessa människor? På vilket sätt är dessa människor viktiga? När är dessa människor viktiga under uppsatsen (början, mitten, slut)? Hur viktiga är de formella respektive informella kontakterna för studenterna?

     

    Frågorna besvarades av studenter inom Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap via en webbenkät. Studenterna har haft kontakt med en handledare, en kontaktperson, en opponent och några ytterligare personer. Här finns stora variationer över vilka personer studenterna kommunicerat med. Kontakterna har också haft olika betydelse för studenterna. I överlag så är handledaren och kontaktpersonen de två viktigaste kontakterna i samband med studenternas uppsatser. Orsaken till varför kontakterna är viktiga varierar, men ofta är det roller såsom informationskällor, tips/förslag på utformning och socialt stöd. Jag upptäckte också att kontakterna är viktiga under olika faser. Vissa kontakter var viktiga vid uppsatsens begynnelse, andra var viktiga under uppsatsens mitt och andra kontakter var viktiga vid uppsatsens slut. Min studie visar slutligen att de formella kontakterna generellt var viktigare än de informella för studenterna.

  • 226.
    Ekman, Inger
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Söderberg, Stig
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Across the street - not down the road - staying alive through deliberate self-harm2009In: Internet and Suicide, New York: Nova Science Publisher , 2009, p. 221-232Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    While the psychiatric therapeutic community is focused on individual diagnostic tools to understand deliberate self harm, self-destructive behaviour among young persons in Western society is increasing to a level where it arguably must be regarded as a cultural rather than an individual problem. While psychiatry adheres to its expert role, trying to find explanations for the individual behaviour in past life experiences and subsequent personality formation, the world outside of the therapy room is changing. In this outside world, on the Internet deliberate self harm is not described as a pathological behaviour that needs to be corrected, but as a powerful tool to cope with present life stressors, a way to form an identity and even as a way of staying alive. Against a background of present trends in society and how these influence identity formation, these narratives give important clues for finding new approaches to the experiences and life strategies of young persons living in modern society. In encounters with young persons whose self-harming behaviour has become intimately woven into the fabric of life, the keys to opening up different perspectives and find other ways to cope probably can not be found without accrediting the strength and determination in the present behaviour and closely and attentively pay attention to her own understanding of her situation, her own strengths and her own abilities.

     

  • 227.
    Ekström, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics.
    A general central limit theorem for strong mixing sequences2014In: Statistics and Probability Letters, ISSN 0167-7152, E-ISSN 1879-2103, Vol. 94, p. 236-238Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A central limit theorem for strong mixing sequences is given that applies to both non-stationary sequences and triangular array settings. The result improves on an earlier central limit theorem for this type of dependence given by Politis, Romano and Wolf in 1997.

  • 228.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Få tjänstemän talar samiska2006In: Invandrare & minoriteter, ISSN 1404-6857, no 2, p. 15-18Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Minoritetsspråkslagarna har stärkt de nationella minoriteternas identitet och självuppfattning. Språkens status måste dock höjas vid myndigheter och förvaltningar för att de ska bevaras. Samiska och meänkieli talas i dag mest bland äldre.

  • 229.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Förord2007Other (Other academic)
  • 230.
    Elenius, Lars
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Förundersökning. Centrum för forskning om nationella minoriteter vid Luleå tekniska universitet2007Report (Other academic)
  • 231.
    Eliasson, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Den globala uppvärmningen - förstår du vad jag menar?: dagspressen som källa till kunskap2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vetenskap i media är att betrakta som en kommunikation av vetenskaplig information till allmänheten. Syftet med studien har varit att ge en bild av hur ett aktuellt vetenskapligt problem med stor samhällelig relevans, den globala uppvärmningen, kommuniceras i svensk dagspress. Analysen har skett genom en kvantitativ innehållsanalys av texter om den globala uppvärmningen publicerade i Dagens Nyheter under åren 1993, 1997, 2001 och 2005. Tidigare studier inom området ”Public Understanding of Science”, PUS, har konstaterat att kunskaper om orsaker, effekter och konkreta lösningar relaterade till människors vardagsliv är viktiga faktorer för förståelsen av den globala uppvärmningen. Denna studie visar att frågan, av antalet dagstidningstexter att döma, är ett väletablerat problem i dagspressen. Så etablerat att texterna ofta krävde förkunskaper på området. Eftersom växthuseffekten sällan förklaras kan de som bara har en vag föreställning om dess betydelse ha svårt att förstå. Detta kan sägas stänga ute de läsare som inte är insatta i frågan, skapa missförstånd och dessutom göra det svårt att locka nya läsare då frågan upplevs som för svår och komplex. Frågan har i dagspressen behandlats fjärran från vardagliga händelser. Rapporteringen har istället ofta varit en bevakning av internationella möten och konferenser som handlat om den globala uppvärmningens lösningar vilket har styrts bort från grundproblemet, dess orsaker. Frågan beskrivs enligt min studie mer som ett politiskt problem kopplat till internationella avtal än som ett vetenskapligt forskningsområde, vars uppdagade problem måste lösas konkret nu, för att inte få förödande konsekvenser för mänskligheten.

  • 232.
    Ellsworth-Krebs, Katherine
    et al.
    University of St Andrews.
    Marshall, Matilda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Household sustainability and online research methods: A scoping paper2017Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this scoping paper we highlight where online methods may be going and how they might better contribute to studies of sustainable practices. We do so by conducting a literary review focusing especially on previous research conducted within the humanities and social sciences. 

  • 233.
    Elovaara, Pirjo
    et al.
    Technoscience Studies, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlshamn, Sweden.
    Mörtberg, Christina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Design of digital democracies: Performance of citizenship, gender and IT2007In: Information, Communication and Society, ISSN 1369-118X, E-ISSN 1468-4462, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 404-423Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The point of departure for this article is several Swedish IT policies that articulate goals for further development of the welfare state, which demand and enable active citizenship as well as enrolment of IT in the performance of this active citizenship. This article also examines the performance of active citizenship in a variety of sociotechnical arenas where people and technology coexist. Does the notion of active citizenship turn out a number of performances when translated into materialized technologies, such as Internet portals and web-based services? The authors juxtapose the policies with a construction of agencies in the story of citizens' design. In the last section, the discussions taking place in the parliament of things are summarized and related to the problematizations of citizenship, gender and IT.

  • 234.
    Eman, Josefin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The lives of older athletes: with a focus on masculinity and embodiment2009In: Proceedings from GEXcel Theme 2: Deconstructing the Hegemony of Men and Masculinities Conference 27-29 April 2009 / [ed] Biricik, Alp & Hearn, Jeff, 2009, p. 71-77Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 235.
    Emmelin, Maria
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Eriksson, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Kan socialt kapital byggas in i våra bostadsområden och därmed förbättra invånarnas upplevda och mentala hälsa?: Ett diskussionsunderlag framtaget för Kommissionen för ett socialt hållbart Malmö2012Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 236.
    Enevång, Jakob
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Alkoholkonsumtion hos unga: börjar man tidigare om det är längre från stadens centrum?2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 237.
    Engholm, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    “In the end, one person has to convince another”: A critical discourse analysis of gender and sexuality in the asylum process2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study has been to critically analyse discourses on gender and sexuality in written material produced by the Swedish Migration Board and in interviews with staff at the administrative authority, drawing on Norman Fairclough’s three-dimensional model as well as feminist and postcolonial theory. The written material is used frequently in assessments where asylum-seekers claim risk of persecution based on gender or sexuality. I have identified three discursive themes; objective identities, self-image as deviant and victim of culture and tradition. Other than the discursive themes, the written material and the interviews showed a paradox of subjective truth expressing the subjective element of self-image and as a result of this the difficulties in evaluating identities in others.

  • 238.
    Englund, Marcus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics.
    Are we ready to mix reality in the workplace?: A field study gauging interest and needs surrounding mixed reality collaborative systems.2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 239.
    Enström, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Känsla för skådespelarkonst: mot en förståelse av tysta kunskaper och görandets fenomenologi2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The primary argument in this thesis is that the common assumption that an actor has emotion inside him- or herself which can be evoked and projected outwards is an outdated misconception. A proposition is made to replace this possessive acting model, which underpins the realist tradition and is based on the popularized aspects of Stanislavsky’s system for actor training, by a situational acting model. This new model is founded on the idea that emotion is something that actors “do”. Furthermore, a theory of this situational model is advanced where the actor is seen to perform emotion in an interplay with action in three different ways: in the world symbolically as an expression, of the world phenomenologically as in-sensing or out-sensing, and with the world as a becoming – which opens the actor up to greater forces of nature and society.                           

              The material in this thesis has been focused on from both a contextualizing and a theoretic perspective. The contextualizing perspective places the actor’s doing of emotions in a historical context. The theoretic aspect concentrates on how performing emotions is realized in practice, and it proceeds from an analysis of two contemporary Swedish examples: the actresses Lena Endre in the role of Lady Macbeth at the Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm in a production of William Shakespeare’s Macbeth from 2006, and Mia Skäringer in her stage show Horny as Hell and Really Holy from 2010. In exploring this material, a combination of Paul Ricoeur’s “hermeneutics of suspicion” and Paul Stoller’s ”sensuous scholarship” is applied.

              A synthetic theoretical approach is employed that is set on a phenomenological foundation in combination with theories of emotion and affect as well as gender theory and theatre theory. The discussion is informed by Michael Polanyi to gain an understanding of tacit knowledge and the role of kinesthesia; by Simone de Beauvoir to establish a perspective on the body as a situation; by Sara Ahmed to see the potential for a cultural politics of emotion and a queer view of intentionality; and by Maurice Merleau-Ponty to propose a way of looking at the human being as being of the world as opposed to in the world. Interpretations of a few of Gilles Deleuze’s and Félix Guattari’s concepts such as rhizome, becoming, and body without organs, are added to this list in order to provide a background for what the third way of doing emotion is about.

  • 240.
    Enström, Karolina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Teacher Education, Child and Youth Education, Special Education, and Counselling.
    "Han sa att jag var modig": en studie om ungdomar som brutit mot könsmärkta gymnasieval2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med arbetet var att försöka förstå enskilda ungdomars val av ett gymnasieprogram som domineras av det motsatta könet. Jag ville undersöka dessa ungdomars egna tankar om orsaker till och konsekvenser av sitt otraditionella gymnasieval. Jag har använt mig av kvalitativa intervjuer med sex gymnasieelever. Av studien framkom att Elprogrammet och Omvårdnadsprogrammet är de program som domineras mest av killar respektive tjejer och av den anledningen valde jag att intervjua tre tjejer på Elprogrammet och tre killar på Omvårdnadsprogrammet. Genom intervjuerna har jag undersökt ungdomarnas bakgrund, orsaker till gymnasievalet, deras framtidssyn, hur de uppfattar att omgivningen ser på deras val och vilken status deras framtida yrke har. Resultatet av intervjustudien visade att elevernas bakgrund har haft stor betydelse för deras val och att det är viktigt att tjejer och killar provar på varandras områden för att ett intresse ska kunna väckas. Ungdomarnas värderingar och förväntningar på sitt framtida yrke skiljer sig från tidigare forskningsresultat om de tjejer och killar som gör traditionella val.

  • 241.
    Ericsson, Tom
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    I fosterlandets tjänst: en studie i den svenska arméunderbefälskårens fackliga strävanden 1901-19221978Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 242.
    Eriksson, Jesper
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    Hedlund, Anneli
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts.
    En kasse kunskap: En kvantitativ enkätstudie om ICAs vegetariska matkassetjänst, utveckling av matlagningskunskap och attityd till vegetarisk mat.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att minska köttkonsumtionen är ett steg att dämpa klimatförändringarna. För att gå över till en mer växtbaserad kost behövs mer kunskap om vegetarisk matlagning. Kunskapen om matlagning har dock minskat över tid, en orsak till detta anses vara tidsbristen som finns i samhället. För att spara tid har många svenskar börjat använda matkassetjänster från olika företag där färdigplanerade måltider med recept levereras till dörren en gång i veckan. Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka om det finns någon självupplevd kunskapsutveckling hos kunder som använder sig av matkassetjänsterna Icas Vego- och Inspirationskasse 4-dagars. Även att undersöka till vilken grad kundernas attityd till vegetarisk mat har förändrats genom att mäta känslan av gott, enkelt och roligt.

    En kvantitativ enkät skickades ut med hjälp av ICA AB. Enkäten innehöll frågor med likertskala om kundens självskattade kunskap innan Matkassen, om de hade någon kunskapsutveckling samt attityd gällande hur roligt, enkelt och gott vegetarisk mat och matlagning var innan och efter de hade använt Matkassen. 231 respondenter svarade på enkäten, resultatet visade att det fanns en kunskapsutveckling som är statistiskt signifikant. Resultatet visade också med statistisk signifikans att vegetarisk mat blev roligare, enklare och godare. Det fanns också en positiv korrelation mellan att äta vegetarisk mat hemma och att äta detta på restaurang. Vilken kost respondenterna hade påverkade deras frekvens av att välja vegetarisk mat på restaurang.

    Det fanns ingen statistisk signifikant skillnad i hur länge respondenterna hade använt Matkassen och deras självskattade kunskapsutveckling. Det fanns också skillnader mellan de undersökta kassarna i hur kunskapsutvecklingen hade skett.

    Vi förkastade nollhypoteserna i båda fallen. Det kan finnas många anledningar till att vi såg detta resultat, allt från att det är recepten i Matkassen som påverkat denna förändring, till att det är utomstående faktorer som frigörandet av tid från en annars stressig vardag.

  • 243.
    Eriksson, Lina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    En utvärdering av bibliotekariernas användning av webbresurser i referenssamtalet2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens syfte är, att utvärdera bibliotekariernas integrering av webbresurser vid Umeå stadsbiblioteks informationsdisk. Jag har valt att använda mig av två kvalitativa metoder i form av observationer av referenssamtal och intervjuer av sju bibliotekarier som arbetar vid disken. Utvärderingsfrågorna, som ligger till grund för min uppsats, är på vilket sätt webbresurserna används i referenssamtalet, hur bibliotekarierna informeras och utbildas på nya och befintliga resurser samt hur webbresurserna marknadsförs mot användarna.

    Som grund för min bedömning har jag använt mig av bibliotekslagen (1996:1596), Unescos folkbiblioteksmanifest och de rekommendationer, som Svensk biblioteksförening har ställt upp.

    Utifrån mina observationer och bibliotekariernas utsagor har jag kommit till vissa slutsatser, som kortfattat kommer att redogöras för här. Webbresurserna är relativt osynliga i biblioteksrummet och behöver lyftas fram och marknadsföras på ett målmedvetet sätt. Vidare bör omkringliggande system underlättas för att avlasta referensdisken med rutinmässiga ickereferensfrågor och på så sätt skapa tid för referensfrågor. Detta kan ske genom ett enklare datorbokningssystem och en dator enbart till det samt andra sätt att betala för utskrifter och kopior än idag. Bibliotekarierna ser positivt på införandet av användarutbildning och de kommer inom kort att skapa en drop-inhörna, dit användare kan vända sig.

    Webbresurserna är komplexa och det finns behov av kontinuerligt fortbildningsarbete, där tid avsätts så att bibliotekarierna kan upprätthålla sin kompetens. För att underlätta för bibliotekarierna, att visa resurserna för användarna kan specifika datorer för webbresurser underlätta, som placeras på lugna platser i biblioteket. Med möjlighet att spara ner dokument till USB-minnen och större arbetsyta kan användarnas möjlighet, att sitta och arbeta med webbresurserna öka.

  • 244.
    Eriksson, Liselotte
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Beneficiaries or policyholders?: The role of women in Swedish life insurance 1900-19502014In: Business History, ISSN 0007-6791, E-ISSN 1743-7938, ISSN 0007-6791, Vol. 56, no 8, p. 1335-1360Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the second half of the nineteenth century, women were depicted as dependents and beneficiaries and men as breadwinners and policyholders in Swedish life insurance sales promotions. Furthermore, life insurance was assumed to be a middle-class concern. The notion of the life insurance policyholder as ‘middle class’ and ‘male’ was first contested with the introduction of industrial life insurance, i.e. life insurance for the working classes and also, to a large extent, the rural population in Sweden. The industrial life insurance business contributed to the growth of a large proportion of female life insurance policyholders from the rural and working classes. This article illuminates the contrast between ideological representations of women as the opponents of life insurance in sales promotions and the real actions and roles of women in business history.

  • 245.
    Eriksson, Louise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Conventional and new ways of governing forest threats: a study of stakeholder coherence in Sweden2018In: Environmental Management, ISSN 0364-152X, E-ISSN 1432-1009, Vol. 61, p. 103-115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on a framework for analyzing stakeholder coherence horizontally and vertically, the present study examined the governance of forest threats in Sweden. Opinions of forest risk governance in stakeholder groups with and without a connection to private forestry were compared (n = 2496) and the opinions were analyzed in relation to current governance practices. More specifically, forest threat appraisals, trust in the Swedish Forest Agency (SFA), and the acceptability of forest risk policy measures directed at private forest owners were assessed. Results revealed an overall coherence between different stakeholders in this context. However, the groups differed in, for example, the acceptability of the hypothetical regulative measure aiming to reduce damages threatening the forest long-term (e.g., climate change). Furthermore, an extensive use of advice for a fee may challenge particularly the internal, but also the external, legitimacy of forest risk governance. The forest owner stakeholder group showed lower threat appraisals when evaluating threat to one’s own forest rather than to the Swedish forest, except regarding browsing by animals. Regulations were not disapproved of in any of the stakeholder groups, although the forest owner group generally displayed higher acceptability of encouraging measures compared to the general public. Trust in the SFA was furthermore confirmed as an important driver of policy acceptability, and higher threat appraisals of novel threats, such as climate change and fire, resulted in a higher acceptability of measures less central or new in this context. The value of analyzing stakeholder coherence for natural resource management and governance is discussed.

  • 246.
    Eriksson, Louise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Effects of policy measures and moderating factors on climate change adaptation among private forest owners in Sweden2018In: Society & Natural Resources, ISSN 0894-1920, E-ISSN 1521-0723, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 409-423Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Threats associated with climate change may damage forests. To encourage adaptation in countries with a lot of privately owned forest, policy measures directed at private forest owners may be implemented. By means of policy scenarios, the present study examined the effects of two hypothetical policies: an advice and an economic incentive, on climate change adaptation among private forest owners in Sweden (n = 753 and n = 729). Both policies strengthened the intention to adapt, although results also revealed that individual variables (i.e., forest values), and a contextual variable (i.e., being in an encouraging social risk management context) were important for the owners’ response. Production forest values and social risk management context furthermore moderated the effect of policy on intention to adapt, suggesting that the economic incentive was mainly more effective than the advice among owners with strong production values and among owners in less encouraging social risk management contexts.

  • 247.
    Eriksson, Louise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Explaining gender differences in private forest risk management2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 33, no 7, p. 716-723Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In many countries, lower levels of forest management activities have been observed among female forest owners compared to male owners. The present study examined potential explanations for gender differences in private forest risk management among forest owners in Sweden (n=1482) using a questionnaire. Results from this study confirmed a slightly lower level of forest risk management among female owners in proactively combating damage caused by climate change and animal browsing when compared to their male counterparts. Further gender differences were revealed on a structural level. For example, female owners displayed higher levels of education and were more often non-resident owners and urban owners, as compared to their male counterparts. In addition, female and male owners differed regarding social-psychological variables (e.g. forest values and threat and coping appraisals). However the greatest gender difference was found in involvement in forest planning and forestry work. Even though gender differences were evident on multiple levels, involvement in forest issues and forest planning were found to be most important for explaining gender differences in forest risk management. By disentangling predictors of gender differences in private forest risk management, this study may contribute to a more strategic gender approach to forest risk governance.

  • 248.
    Eriksson, Louise
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Boberg, Johanna
    Cech, Thomas L.
    Corcobado, Tamara
    Desprez-Loustau, Marie-Laure
    Hietala, Ari M.
    Horta Jung, Marília
    Jung, Thomas
    Lehtijarvi, Hatice Tugba Dogmus
    Oskay, Funda
    Slavov, Slavtcho
    Solheim, Halvor
    Stenlid, Jan
    Oliva, Jonàs
    Invasive forest pathogens in Europe: Cross-country variationin public awareness but consistency in policy acceptability2019In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 48, no 1, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Political action can reduce introductions of diseases caused by invasive forest pathogens (IPs) and public support is important for effective prevention. The public’s awareness of IP problems and the acceptability of policies aiming to combat these pathogens were surveyed in nine European countries (N = 3469). Although awareness of specific diseases (e.g., ash dieback) varied, problem awareness and policy acceptability were similar across countries. The public was positive towards policies for informational measures and stricter standards for plant production, but less positive towards restricting public access to protected areas. Multilevel models, including individual and country level variables, revealed that media exposure was positively associated with awareness of IP problems, and strengthened the link between problem awareness and policy acceptability. Results suggest that learning about IPs through the media and recognizing the associated problems increase policy acceptability. Overall, the study elaborates on the anthropogenic dimension of diseases caused by IPs.

  • 249.
    Eriksson, Mathilda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE).
    Mitigating climate change with forest climate tools2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper develops the FRICE, a framework that determines optimal levels of forest climate tools in the context of global climate policy. The paper integrates afforestation and avoided deforestation into the well-known global multi-regional integrated assessment model, RICE-2010. The paper finds that climate forest tools can play an essential role in global climate policy and that this role is increasingly important under stringent temperature targets. Under a 2_C temperature target, the model reveals that emission reductions from avoided deforestation are quickly exhausted whereas afforestation is capable of substantially reducing emission reductions in both the medium and long run. The model also indicates that the most significant reductions in emissions from avoided deforestation and afforestation can be achieved by focusing policy efforts on tropical forests.

  • 250.
    Eriksson, Mathilda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE).
    Brännlund, Runar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics.
    Lundgren, Tommy
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics.
    Pricing forest carbon: implications of asymmetry in climate policy2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we use an integrated assessment model to examine the implications of not recognizing, and partially recognizing forest carbon in climate policy. Specifically, we investigate the impact of an asymmetric carbon policy that recognizes emissions from fossil fuels while ignoring emissions from forests. We additionally investigate the relative importance of not recognizing positive emissions from a reduction in the stock of forest biomass, or of not recognizing negative emissions from the growth of forest biomass. We show that asymmetric carbon policies lead to lower levels of welfare, as well as higher emissions and carbon prices. This occurs because the forest resource will be allocated inefficiently under these carbon policies. Broadly, we find that when the social planner does not account for neither positive or negative forest emissions, the planner will set bioenergy levels that are too high and afforestation and avoided deforestation levels that are too low. Our results further reveal that not recognizing forest emissions leads to larger welfare losses than not recognizing sequestration.

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