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  • 201.
    Lundberg, Sofia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics.
    Marklund, Per-Olov
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE).
    Strömbäck, Elon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics.
    Is Environmental Policy by Public Procurement Effective?2016In: Public Finance Review, ISSN 1091-1421, E-ISSN 1552-7530, Vol. 44, no 4, p. 478-499Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Advocates of green public procurement (GPP) argue that the public sector can use its purchasing power to influence producers and consumers to reduce their negative impact on the environment. Our aim is to assess GPP as an environmental policy instrument and its ability to lead to the achievement of environmental objectives. Central to our analysis is the extent to which polluting firms choose to adapt to the public sector’s environmental requirements and to invest in greener technologies. Our theoretical finding is that the potential of GPP to function as an objective effective instrument of environmental policy is limited and can actually be counterproductive. From an environmental policy point of view, it is crucial that the GPP aims for an environmental standard beyond the technology of the polluting firms and is designed with reference to defined environmental objectives.

  • 202.
    Lundberg, Sofia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics.
    Marklund, Per-Olov
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Strömbäck, Elon
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics.
    Sundström, David
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics.
    Using public procurement to implement environmental policy: an empirical analysis2015In: Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, ISSN 1432-847X, E-ISSN 1867-383X, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 487-520Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Politicians expect Green public procurement (GPP) to serve as an environmental policy instrument. However, in order for GPP to work as an effective policy instrument it is important to take into consideration potential suppliers’ decisions to participate in the procurement process, the total number of bidders, and the screening of bidders with respect to mandatory green criteria. The aim of this paper is to empirically study GPP in this respect. The analysis presented here is based on data from Swedish cleaning services procurements that are unique in that they contain very detailed information on various environmental standards set by the contracting authorities. We find at best only a weak effect on supplier behavior, and this suggests that the use of GPP in this situation does not live up to its political expectations. 

  • 203.
    Lundgren, Nils-Gustav
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Långt bort, kallt och blåsigt?: Trivs svenskar i norr med sina liv?2010In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 38, no 8, p. 47-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den internationella lyckoforskningen pekar på ett antal faktorer som påverkar den upplevda lyckan. I en enkät skickad till 4 000 norrlänningar, besvarad av 2 392 individer, bekräftas flera av dessa hypoteser. Högre inkomst, särskilt relativ inkomst, leder till högre lycka, liksom en religiös övertygelse, att ha ett fast jobb, att vara frisk och att ha gjort karriär. I strid med internationell forskning kan de som tillhör en nationell minoritet uppleva högre lycka, i alla fall om man är same eller tornedaling. Geografisk hemvist kan också påverka lyckan: Skellefte- och pitebor är klart lyckligare än genomsnittsnorrlänningen.

  • 204.
    Lundgren, Nils-Gustav
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Norrland, Sverige, Europa och världen2009In: Kan norra Sverige regionaliseras?: beslutsprocesser och medborgarperspektiv / [ed] Anders Lidström, Umeå: Statsvetenskapliga institutionen , 2009, 1, p. 163-185Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 205.
    Lundgren, Nils-Gustav
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Pelli, Aurora
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Sahlin, Svenerik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Euroreg: Förstudie December 20002001Report (Other academic)
  • 206.
    Lundgren, Nils-Gustav
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Wiberg, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Är det möjligt att bryta stagnationen?2009In: Kan norra Sverige regionaliseras?: beslutsprocesser och medborgarperspektiv / [ed] Anders Lidström, Umeå: Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Umeå universitet , 2009, p. 185-193Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 207.
    Lundgren, Tommy
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE).
    Marklund, Per-Olov
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Bioenergy and carbon neutrality2012In: Journal of Forest Economics, ISSN 1104-6899, E-ISSN 1618-1530, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 175-176Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 208.
    Lundgren, Tommy
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE). Department of Forest Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå.
    Marklund, Per-Olov
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE).
    Climate Policy and Profit Efficiency2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As widely recognized, human mankind stands before the most challenging problem of preventing anthropogenic climate change. As a response to this, the European Union advocates an ambitious climate policy mix. However, there is no consensus concerning the impact of stringent environmental policy on firms’ competitiveness and profitability. From the traditional ‘static’ point of view there are productivity losses to be expected. On the other hand, the so called Porter hypothesis suggests the opposite; i.e., due to ‘dynamic’ effects, ambitious climate and energy policies within the EU could actually be beneficial to firms in terms of enhanced profitability and competitiveness. Based on Sweden’s manufacturing industry, our main purpose is to specifically assess the impact of the CO2 tax scheme of Sweden on firms’ profit efficiency. The empirical methodology is based on stochastic frontier estimations and, in general, the results suggest we can neither reject nor confirm the Porter hypothesis across industry sectors. Therefore, we do not generally confirm the argument of stringent environmental policies having positive dynamic effects that potentially offset costs related to environmental policy.

  • 209.
    Lundgren, Tommy
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE).
    Marklund, Per-Olov
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Climate policy, environmental performance, and profits2015In: Journal of Productivity Analysis, ISSN 0895-562X, E-ISSN 1573-0441, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 225-235Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we investigate how firm level environmental performance (EP) affects firm level economic performance measured as profit efficiency (PE) in a stochastic profit frontier setting. Analyzing firms in Swedish manufacturing 1990–2004, results show that EP induced by environmental policy is not a determinant of PE, while voluntary or market driven EP seem to have a significant and positive effect on firm PE in most sectors. The evidence generally supports the idea that good EP is also good for business, as long as EP is not brought on by policy measures, in this case a CO2 tax. Thus, the results provide no general support for the Porter hypothesis.

  • 210.
    Lundgren, Tommy
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    Marklund, Per-Olov
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Brännlund, Runar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Kriström, Bengt
    Institutionen för skogsekonomi, Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet/Department of Forest Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    The Economics of Biofuels2008In: International Review of Environmental and Resource Economics, ISSN 1932-1465, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 237-280Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Biofuels are increasingly regarded as energy sources with the potential to solve diverse problems related to serious concerns, including climate change, environmental degradation, energy supply, and energy security. Here we examine biofuels, primarily biofuels used for transportation (e.g., ethanol and biodiesel),

    through the lens of modern resource economics and address fundamental questions, such as: Why biofuels?We then review some of the relevant literature and present a framework for analysis drawn mainly from the green accounting literature.

    The literature reviewed indicates that the effects of policies promoting conversion from fossil fuels to biofuels do not necessarily promote welfare. Our theoretical framework provides indications of possible reasons for this. Based on findings obtained using the framework we propose policies that not only penalize

    emissions of CO2 from all sources, but also stimulate biomass growth. Finally, we identify issues for further research.

  • 211.
    Lundgren, Tommy
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE).
    Marklund, Per-Olov
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE).
    Samakovlis, Eva
    National Institute of Economic Research, Stockholm.
    Wenchao, Zhou
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Carbon prices and incentives for technological development2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    How to significantly decrease carbon dioxide emissions has become one of the largest challenges faced by modern society. The standard recipe prescribed by most economists is to put a price on carbon, either through a tax or through emissions trading. Such measures can reduce emissions cost-effectively and create incentives for technological development. There is, however, a growing concern that the carbon prices generated through the European Union emission trading system (EU ETS) have been too low to create the incentives necessary to stimulate technological development. This paper empirically analyzes how the Swedish carbon dioxide tax and the EU ETS have affected productivity development in the Swedish pulp and paper industry 1998-2008. A Luenberger total factor productivity (TFP) indicator is computed using data envelopment analysis. How the policy measures affect TFP is assessed using a system generalized method of moments estimator. The results show that climate policy had a modest impact on technological development in the pulp and paper industry, and if significant it has been negative. The price on fossil fuels, on the contrary, seems to have created important incentives for technological development. Hence, results suggest that the carbon prices faced by the industry through EU ETS and the carbon dioxide tax have been too low.

  • 212.
    Lundgren, Tommy
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE).
    Marklund, Per-Olov
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Samakovlis, Eva
    Zhou, Wenchao
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Carbon prices and incentives for technological development2015In: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, E-ISSN 1095-8630, Vol. 150, p. 393-403Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is concern that the carbon prices generated through climate policies are too low to create the incentives necessary to stimulate technological development. This paper empirically analyzes how the Swedish carbon dioxide (CO2) tax and the European Union emission trading system (EU ETS) have affected productivity development in the Swedish pulp and paper industry 1998-2008. A Luenberger total factor productivity (TFP) indicator is computed using data envelopment analysis. The results show that climate policy had a modest impact on technological development in the pulp and paper industry, and if significant it was negative. The price of fossil fuels, on the contrary, seems to have created important incentives for technological development. Hence, the results suggest that the carbon prices faced by the industry through EU ETS and the CO2 tax have been too low. Even though the data for this study is specific for Sweden, the models and results are applicable internationally. When designing policy to mitigate CO2 emissions, it is vital that the policy creates a carbon price that is high enough otherwise the pressure on technological development will not be sufficiently strong. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 213.
    Lundgren, Tommy
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE).
    Marklund, Per-Olov
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    zhang, shanshan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE).
    Energy Efficiency in Swedish Industry: a Stochastic Frontier Approach2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper estimates firm level energy efficiency and its determinants in 14 sectors of Swedish manufacturing by using stochastic frontier analysis (SFA). We derive energy demand frontiers both from cost minimizing and profit maximizing perspectives. To account for firms’ heterogeneity, Greene’s true random effects model is adopted. Results show that, from both firm behavior perspectives, there is room to improve energy efficiency in all sectors of Swedish manufacturing. The EU ETS seem to have had a moderate or no effect on Swedish firms’ efficient use of energy. Moreover, we found that energy intensity or energy productivity (energy use over production value) is not an appropriate proxy for energy efficiency.

  • 214. Lundgren, Tommy
    et al.
    Marklund, Per-Olov
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM). CERE, Centre for Environmental and Resource Economics, Umeå University and Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Umeå, Sweden.
    Zhang, Shanshan
    Industrial energy demand and energy efficiency - Evidence from Sweden2016In: Resources and Energy Economics, ISSN 0928-7655, E-ISSN 1873-0221, Vol. 43, p. 130-152Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper estimates firm level energy demand and energy efficiency for 14 sectors in Swedish manufacturing using stochastic frontier analysis (SFA). We derive sector level energy demand frontiers that account for firm specific heterogeneity. Results show that there is potential to improve energy efficiency for fuel and electricity use in all sectors; energy intensity is not an appropriate proxy for energy efficiency; the EU ETS had a modest or no effect on Swedish firms' efficient use of energy during the first trading phase and the beginning of the second, indicating that the carbon permit price was too low to generate the necessary incentives for energy efficiency investments.

  • 215.
    Lundgren, Tommy
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE).
    Zhang, Shanshan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE).
    Zhou, Wenchao
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Energy efficiency in Swedish industry: a data envelopement analysis2015Report (Other academic)
  • 216.
    Lundgren, Tommy
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE).
    Zhou, Wenchao
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Firm performance and the role of environmental management2017In: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, E-ISSN 1095-8630, Vol. 203, p. 330-341Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the interactions between three dimensions of firm performance productivity, energy efficiency, and environmental performance and especially sheds light on the role of environmental management. In this context, environmental management is investments to reduce environmental impact, which may also affect firm competitiveness, in terms of change in productivity, and spur more (or less) efficient use of energy. We apply data envelopment analysis (DEA) technique to calculate the Malmquist firm performance indexes, and a panel vector auto-regression (VAR) methodology is utilized to investigate the dynamic and causal relationship between the three dimensions of firm performance and environmental investment. Main results show that energy efficiency and environmental performance are integrated, and energy efficiency and productivity positively reinforce each other, signifying the cost saving property of more efficient use of energy. Hence, increasing energy efficiency, as advocated in many of today's energy policies, could capture multiple benefits. The results also show that improved environmental performance and environmental investments constrain next period productivity, a result that would be in contrast with the Porter hypothesis and strategic corporate social responsibility; both concepts conveying the notion that pro-environmental management can boost productivity and competitiveness.

  • 217.
    Lundmark, Elin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Fastighetstaxeringsvärdets spridningsmönster i centrala Umeå2002Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study concentrates on the usage of property rateable values in an analysis of the central parts of Umeå. The purpose of the study has been to localise certain spatial patterns in the rateable values and however the dispersion of levels of value can bee linked with the distance to the central point. The hypothetical presumptions has been suggesting that the central point most likely ought to be localised in the central part of the area. Based on William Alonso´s bid-rent curve, the analyse of Umeå should not indicate on a complete linear relation between value and distance from the central point, but the nearness to this point should influence on the pattern. The pattern should demonstrate higher values in the central and east parts due to a business district in the centre and a university-hospital area in the eastern parts. The result of the analyse is partly corresponding to the hypothesis. The rateable values show their highest levels in the central part of Umeå, where also the central point is localised. The assumption that the eastern part of the area should be higher assessed than the western part corresponds with a light overstatement. The type of usage of the property has proved to be of importance for the size of the value. It is though clear that the bid-rent relationship don’t act freely in a free market situation. The Swedish planning tradition forms a strong fundament of control and leadership acting in the benefit of everyone. This results in a complex relationship where the market and the community works side by side and both influence one another.

  • 218.
    Löffler, Günter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Schrödl, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Retail Business in the Functional Region of Umeå 1985-2000: Analysis of Structual Changes, Impacts of Shopping  Centres and Consumer Behaviour2002Report (Other academic)
  • 219.
    Marklund, Per-Olov
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Samakovlis, Eva
    Konjunkturinstitutet/National Institute of Economic Research.
    Hammar, Henrik
    Konjunkturinstitutet/National Institute of Economic Research.
    Does Environmental Leadership Pay Off for Swedish Industry?: Effects of Environmental Investmentments on Efficiency2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 220.
    Masegosa Carrillo, José Luis
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Regional Security-building in Europe: The Barents Euro-Arctic Region1998Report (Other academic)
  • 221.
    Molin, Torkel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Müller, Dieter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Paju, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Pettersson, Richard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Kulturarvet och entreprenören: Om nyskapat kulturarv i Västerbottens Guldrike2007Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 222.
    Molin, Torkel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Paju, MartinUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Industrihistoriska kulturarv i regional utveckling: Sociala och ekonomiska aspekter2007Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 223.
    Morton, Patricia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Social Life and Urban Form i a Historical Perspective2002Report (Other academic)
  • 224.
    Müller, Dieter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Westin, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Befolkningen i fjällen underskattas: Förlegad statistik fungerar inte - Umeåregionen och Storuman har delvis gemensam befolkning2002In: Västerbottens-Kuriren, ISSN 1104-0246Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 225.
    Müller, Dieter
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Westin, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Bostadspendlingens nya regioner2003In: PLAN, ISSN 0032-0560, no 2-3, p. 48-50Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 226.
    Nilsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Centrum för Östersjöstudier, Högskolan på Gotland.
    Lindquist, Sven-Olof
    Centrum för Östersjöstudier, Högskolan på Gotland.
    Elfström, Birgitta
    Riksantikvarieämbetet.
    Paju, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Braunerhielm, Lotta
    avd. för geografi och turism, Karlstad Universitet.
    Grundberg, Jonas
    ETOUR, Mitthögskolan i Östersund.
    Kulturarvet som resurs för regional utveckling2002Report (Other academic)
  • 227.
    Nilsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Flyttningar mellan lokala arbetsmarknader bland yrkesverksamma par1988Report (Other academic)
  • 228. Nilsson, Per A.
    et al.
    Westin, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Exemplet Northumbria University: Internationella studenter - en ny utmaning för universitetet och Umeåregionen2004In: Västerbottens-Kuriren, ISSN 1104-0246, no 4/12Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 229. Nilsson, Per A.
    et al.
    Westin, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Staden, universiteten och de internationella studenterna2005In: PLAN, ISSN 0032-0560, no 1, p. 12-15Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 230.
    Nordman, Niklas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Increasing Returns to Scale and Benefits to Traffic: A Spatial General Equilibrium Analysis in the Case of Two Primary Inputs1998Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper considers two different benefit measures of a transportation improvement in a general equilibrium framework. A spatial general equilibrium model with three regions and two primary inputs is used to simulate the impacts of a small as well as a large investment in one single link of the network. The first approach is to measure total benefits to the economy as the change in consumer surplus under the general equilibrium demand curve for transports on the improved link. In the second approach the benefits are measured as equivalent variation aggregated across all three regions, which represent the economy-wide welfare improvement. The general equilibrium measure is then compared to the link-oriented measure through a ”true benefit multiplier”, in order to evaluate if the latter correctly captures total benefits to the economy. The simulations are performed both under the assumption of a first-best economy and when increasing returns to scale is present in the production of goods. It is found that total benefits due to the improvement can be fully captured by only considering transport demand on the improved link, given that the economy is a first-best economy. However, if increasing returns to scale is introduced into the model, the link-related measure tends to underestimate total benefits. The diversion between the two measures gradually increases as the scale parameter gets larger. The result shows that given an economy under influence of increasing returns to scale, it is highly relevant to take generated network impacts into consideration. It is also found that the level of flexibility in the economy, reflected by different values in elasticity of substitution in the production process, is a determinant factor for the benefits of an improvement.

  • 231.
    Nordström, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Receptarier på nätet, hur gick det till?: En utvärdering av planeringen och utvecklandet av den nätbaserade receptarieutbildningen vid Umeå universitet2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten presenterar en utvärdering av den nätbaserade receptarieutbildningen (120 poäng) vid Umeå universitet. Utvärderingen beskriver och analyserar utbildningen från planeringsstadiet fram till och med utbildningsstarten höstterminen 2003. Rapporten omfattar även en beskrivning av studenternas bakgrund samt deras förväntningar på utbildningen och framtiden.

  • 232.
    Nordström, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Receptarier på väg!: Samhällsekonomisk analys av receptarieutbildningen vid Umeå universitet2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport belyser de samhällsekonomiska konsekvenserna av att genomföra en nätbaserad distansutbildning. Analysen görs på nationell och regional nivå. Då de samhällsekonomiska kostnaderna och intäkterna identifieras och i de fall det är möjligt att värdera utgår vi från den nätbaserade receptarieutbildningen som startade vid Umeå universitet hösten 2003. Rapporten ingår som en del i det utvärderingsuppdrag som Centrum för regionalvetenskap har åtagit sig att utföra på uppdrag av Teknisk-naturvetenskaplig fakultet vid Umeå universitet.

  • 233.
    Nordström, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Utvärdering av GenuineText: ett verktyg för plagiatkontroll2006Report (Other academic)
  • 234.
    Nordström, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Englund, Claire
    Nationellt centrum för flexibelt lärande, CFL/Swedish Agency for Flexible Learning.
    Receptarier på nätet, hur går det?: En utvärdering av genomförandet av första året på den nätbaserade receptarieutbildningen vid Umeå universitet; lärarnas, de lokala handledarnas och studenternas perspektiv2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en delrapport av utvärderingen av den nätbaserade receptarieutbildningen (120 poäng) vid Umeå universitet. I rapporten beskrivs och analyseras utbildningens första år ur ett antal aspekter. Rapporten fokuserar på lärarnas, de lokala handledarnas samt studenternas uppfattning om utbildningen.

  • 235.
    Nordström, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Sjöberg, Susanne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Utvärdering av Urkund: ett verktyg för plagiatkontroll2006Report (Other academic)
  • 236.
    Olofsson, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Fritidsboendets betydelse för den lokala utvecklingen i Ljungdalen-området i Bergs kommun2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today tourism represents an important source of income and employment for many sparsely populated municipalities in Sweden. Tourism has become a way to survive when the traditional production system has changed and an another way of earn one's living is needed. When discussing tourism and the way it can develop a region, the impacts of second homes are important to take into consideration.

    This study concentrates on second home tourism in the area around Ljungdalen (Ljungdalen, Skärkdalen and Storsjö kapell) in the Swedish mountain range. The aim is to analyse the importance of second home tourism and the influence that second homes have on the local economy and environment in Ljungdalen. This study is mainly based on questionnaire that has been sent to 275 randomly selected second home owners in the area around Ljungdalen.

    The outcome of the questionnaire shows that the majority of the second home owners are retired and have owned their houses for a long time. The standard of the houses is varying, but most of the housing conditions are adequate. The respondents visit their second homes mainly during the summer, spring and autumn period and the most popular activities are hiking, skiing and recreation. The second home owners contribute to the local economy by making most of their purchases of local goods and services in the area during the visit in Ljungdalen. Impact on the environment is mostly caused by the second home owners activities (e.g. littering) and by the houses standards (e.g. sewerage). The opinions about how the environment has changed during the 1990s are both positive and negative. The same goes for thoughts about an possible expand of the second homes in the area. Nearly all of the respondents consider that a further tourism development is necessary for the areas survival, but that a development also can lead to an environmental deterioration.

  • 237.
    Olsson, Mats-Olov
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Assessing the Structural Prerequisites for an Efficient Russian Political Market2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Applying the market metaphor the first part of the article outlines a conceptual model for assessing the efficiency of the Russian political system. In the Russian transitional context the development of democracy also has to be included in such an assessment. Using Robert Dahl’s classic criteria of democracy and Douglass C. North’s factors determining transaction costs a scheme is suggested for assessing the efficiency of the Russian political market, looking at the structure of this market as well as actors’ behaviour (agency). In the second part of the article, essential structural developments of the Russian political market are analysed and the implications of these developments are discussed. The conclusion is that a number of recent reforms affecting the structure of the Russian political market will improve the prerequisites for efficiency of citizens’ participation in political life. Finally, the usefulness of applying the market metaphor in analyses of the political system is discussed.

  • 238.
    Olsson, Mats-Olov
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Continuity and change: institutions and transition in the Russian forest sector2008Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    For reasons having to do with the Soviet resource allocation model, many Russian forest sector enterprises were miserably unfit to meet the market competition that started to emerge after the disintegration of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s. To avoid bankruptcy and stay alive in Russia's transition towards a market-like system many enterprises chose to engage in non-monetary transactions, thus establishing what has become known as Russia's virtual economy. The peculiar institutions ("rules-in-use") guiding actors' behaviour in this odd system are incompatible with the operation of efficient markets.

    The topics discussed in this book can be framed through the following questions: What is the general role of institutions in the on-going changes in Russian society? Are there institutions that hamper the transition process towards democracy and a market economy? If so, how do they hamper this process? How can such institutions be changed to better serve the needs of the emerging market system? These and similar questions are addressed from several different but related perspectives in a number of studies of actors' behaviour in the Russian timber procurement arena.

  • 239.
    Olsson, Mats-Olov
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    De sovjetiska unionsrepublikernas nationalinkomst: En studie om nationalinkomstens värde som indikator på republikernas ekonomiska utvecklingsnivå1980In: Bidrag till öststatsforskningen, ISSN 0345-1100, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 330-Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    This study of the national income of the Soviet Union republics was performed in a research pro­ject at the former Deptartment of Soviet and East European Research, Uppsala University. The pro­ject, which was headed by Dr. Jan Åke Dellen­brant, was called "Political and Social Changes in the Soviet Union after the 1965 Economic Reforms".

    This report takes a closer look at what, according to Soviet opinion, was the most important syn­thetic indicator of the level of economic de­velop­ment of the Soviet republics — the national income. The report provides insights into the design and function of the Soviet national accounting system and the Soviet economic system in general. (The project was funded by The Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation.)

  • 240.
    Olsson, Mats-Olov
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Den offentliga sektorn i samhällsekonomin: En problemorienterande studie av ekonomin i Västerbotten1984Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    This book was the outcome of a research project analyzing the impact of the public sector on the regional economy. The project was initiated in the spring of 1982 by the regional office of The Swedish Confederation of Professional Employees (TCO). The research was performed at the Department of Regional Economics of Umeå University. Professor Åke E. Andersson supervised the work. A reference group of twelve people was attached to the project. Members of the group represented regional trade unions, business, and the public sector.

    The report contains four parts. Part I gives an introductory background to the following analysis. Part II contains an investigation of public sector demand from the regional business sector. In Part III some important current issues in public economics are discussed. The final Part IV summarizes the results of the investigation and some conclusions are formulated. The main purpose of the report was to provide an overview of certain important problematic issues in public economics. The primary focus was on a specific aspect of the real activity of the public sector — public sector production.

  • 241.
    Olsson, Mats-Olov
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Institutional Change in the Russian Forest Sector: Stakeholder Participation in Forest Policy Formulation in Murmansk, Karelia and Arkhangelsk2004Report (Other academic)
  • 242.
    Olsson, Mats-Olov
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Institutional Change in the Russian Forest Sector: Stakeholder Participation in Forest Policy FormulationThe Case of Tomsk2003Report (Other academic)
  • 243.
    Olsson, Mats-Olov
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Is the Russian Virtual Economy Coming to an End?: Institutional Change in the Arkhangelsk Forest Sector2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the spring of 1997, the Forestry Program at IIASA has been engaged in a study called “Institutions and the Emergence of Markets―Transition in the Russian Forest Sector”. The IIASA research group has looked at problems related to the institutions governing the Russian forest sector. In its first phase (1998–2001) the study sought to identify institutional problems hampering the further development of the Russian forest sector. Case studies were performed in eight Russian regions. In its second phase (2000–2002), so-called policy exercise workshops were held in four of the eight case study regions. In these workshops the findings of the case studies were presented to the stakeholders in the respective regions and a discussion was initiated about future regional forest policies. In a third phase, starting in 2003, after the in-house research activity was over, the study has been continued outside the institute by a member of the previous IIASA team. A follow-up study of the behavior of forest sector enterprises in one of the previous case study regions (Arkhangelsk Oblast) has been conducted with the purpose of assessing the recent development of the institutional set-up characterizing the so-called virtual economy. The present report presents the findings of this assessment.

  • 244.
    Olsson, Mats-Olov
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Participatory Forest Policy Development: Experiences from a IIASA Policy Exercise in Tomsk, Russia2001Report (Other academic)
  • 245.
    Olsson, Mats-Olov
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Schools of Systems Thinking: Development Trends in Systems Methodology2004In: Systems Approaches and Their Application: Examples from Sweden, Kluwer International Publishers, Dordrecht , 2004, p. 31-74Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 246.
    Olsson, Mats-Olov
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Systemic Interventions to Promote Institutional Change in the Russian Forest Sector2006In: Review of Policy Research, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 505-530Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Institutions govern the behavior of all actors in a society. The Russian transition to a market economy is mainly a matter of reshaping society’s institutions to make them more conducive to a market efficient behavior. But how can suitable institutional changes be achieved? This article discusses the experiences gained through a series of policy exercises with stakeholders in the Russian regional forest sector. The purpose of the exercises was to initiate a participatory policy process leading to the elaboration of implementable proposals for a new regional forest policy. The prospects of such policy exercises to make an impact are best if the systemic interventionist manages to affiliate with active regional stakeholder groups and if support from the regional authorities and external financial sources can be secured. Such support will establish an effective incentive structure that will contribute to the legitimacy of the policy process. In the current Russian situation there is a lack of organized stakeholder groups with whom to conduct a dialogue.

  • 247.
    Olsson, Mats-Olov
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    The Russian virtual economy turning real: institutional change in the Arkhangel’sk forest sector2008In: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 60, no 5, p. 707-738Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article reports on an attempt to assess recent developments of the Russian ‘virtual economy’, a system that, some have argued, represents an alternative form of economic interaction to the modern market economy. In the virtual economy enterprises are engaged in informal non-market transactions with other enterprises and the public sector in accordance with rules that are alien to a market economy. Structural and behavioural changes that have taken place in the Russian economy after 1998 are studied with the help of official data and two surveys (from 1998 and 2005) of 15 forest sectorenterprises in Arkhangel’sk Oblast’, a region in Russia’s north-west with a largely forest-based economy. The outcome of the assessment indicates that the virtual economy is contracting in the Arkhangel’sk forest sector as well as in Russia at large, and that it will eventually disappear altogether, even if it is likely to exert a profound influence on the behaviour of Russian enterprises for some time yet.

  • 248.
    Olsson, Mats-Olov
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Backman, FredrikUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.Golubev, AlexeyNorlin, BjörnUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.Ohlsson, Lars
    Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Volume I, A-M2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 249.
    Olsson, Mats-Olov
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Backman, FredrikUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.Golubev, AlexeyNorlin, BjörnUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.Ohlsson, Lars
    Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Volume II, N-Z2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 250.
    Olsson, Mats-Olov
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Sekarev, Alexei V.
    Institute of Economic Problems, Kola Science Centre, Apatity, Russia.
    Environment and Security on the Kola Peninsula1994In: The Barents Region: Security and Economic Development in the European North, CERUM, Umeå University, Umeå , 1994, p. 138-155Chapter in book (Other academic)
2345678 201 - 250 of 459
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