umu.sePublikasjoner
Endre søk
Begrens søket
2345678 201 - 250 of 775
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Treff pr side
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
Merk
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 201.
    Frykholm, Karl
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Strategier för fritidshusturism? En översikt av Sveriges kommuner2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate policies regarding second home planning in the Swedish municipalities. To do so content analysis was conducted on the regulation document called översiktsplan (translated into English layout plan, land-use plan or sketch plan) of all 290 Swedish municipalities. The ´översiktsplan´ is a document containing directions, policies, guidelines and recommendations for land use in the municipality. Swedish law dictates that all municipalities must have such a document.

     

    This study addresses the phenomenon second homes and second home tourism in the perspective of the destination, in this study represented by the Swedish municipalities regulation document called översiktsplan. Previous research has been taken into account, both concerning Sweden, the Nordic countries and countries in different parts of the world, to describe the phenomenon. The study aims to describe municipality´s characteristics and to analyse the geographical placement of the municipality. This is done by plotting a map over Sweden with the municipalities classified depending on their degree of policies regarding second homes. Then, a comparison with the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions classification of Swedish municipalities 2017 was made to analyse the characteristics of municipalities having policies for second homes.

     

    Of the 290 (100 %) Swedish municipalities there are 217 (74,8 %) that have made policies and preparations regarding second homes and these directions are shown in the översiktsplan. The result shows a clear pattern within the Swedish municipalities regarding directions, policies, guidelines and recommendations concerning second homes. Municipalities containing a minor urban area that accommodate less than 40 000 inhabitants and geographically placed nearby an urban area containing more than 40 000 inhabitants, nearby a ski resort or by the shoreline do have a higher preparation and planning regarding second homes. 

  • 202.
    Fuller, Tony
    et al.
    University of Guelph.
    Larsson, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Pletsch, Carolyn
    University of Guelph.
    Insights from Comparing the Community Futures Program in Ontario with LEADER in Sweden: A Qualitative Assessment of Policy and Practice in Two Government-Sponsored Rural Development Programs2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 203.
    Gadeborg, Josefine
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Politisk Instabilitet och Turism: Vad händer när kontrollen försvinner?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 204.
    Gahm, Lisa
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Parkeringsstrategier: Ett verktyg i arbetet mot hållbart resande?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In the past decades car use and car ownership has increased significantly. This has caused problems of traffic congestion, air pollution and noise disturbance. Creating an attractive society that is socially, economically and ecologically sustainable has consequently become more important in planning. By implementing parking policies the amount of parking spaces can be controlled. This can affect the traveling patterns and the choice of transport mode, which furthermore can contribute to sustainable mobility. For that reason the aim of this study is to illustrate how three municipalities in Sweden work with parking strategies and if or how these strategies contribute to sustainable mobility.

    By studying parking documents and complementing interviews through thematic analyse in Västerås, Luleå and Umeå, parking strategies are identified. Furthermore the identified strategies are categorised by Banisters (2008) theories of sustainable mobility to determine which strategies that can contribute to sustainable mobility. A literature study is also made to get an overview of the knowledge within the subject regarding parking strategies.

    The result shows that the studied municipalities work with several parking strategies that contribute to sustainable mobility, although the municipalities are recommended to work further with strategies that relates to technical development and increased public awareness. Themes that are identified within the data are; sustainable transport, parking-fee, and time-regulation, lower amount of car parks and effectivization. Furthermore the result demonstrates several parking strategies within the themes, which shows some similarities and some differences from each other, depending on the municipality. 

  • 205.
    Gainza, Coralie
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Socio-economic Selective Migration and Counter-Urbanisation: A case-study of the Stockholm area2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the relocation behaviours of out-movers of deprived areas in the region of Stockholm, Sweden. The research is motivated by the concerns raised by deprived and segregated neighbourhoods in relation to a social fragmentation and an unsuccessful socio-economic inclusion of all citizens. Some researches affirm that the out-movers of deprived neighbourhoods tend to be more integrated than the stayers or the individual moving in such neighbourhoods. And if some studies are concerned about their prospective, they have been restricted to their destinations’ socio-economic features and dismissed any spatial approach.This study aims to analyse flows’ direction and features as well as the areas of destination such as to identify processes of selective migration and how socio-spatial disparities are (re)produced. A specific attention is given to counter-urban movements and their possible correlation to “preservation” objectives: The possible migration of lower classes toward peripheries in order to access a better living environment and avoid a forced economic selective migration toward the urban most deprived neighbourhoods.Descriptive and inferential statistics with binary logistic regressions enabled to put into exergue the selective migration among movers, between the counter-urban and the others but also among counter-urban. If most movers remain in the urban core and in an almost deprived area, a substantial proportion seeks to combine to a move “up” the social ladder (a better suited neighbourhood), a “downward” migration on the urban hierarchy (a move toward the peripheries). And the regression confirms that among this population, a segment is statically significantly disadvantaged and remains in rental after the move.Scholars should consider such evidences by including a spatial dimension to their studies on segregation, neighbourhood sorting processes and selective migration. And most importantly, the results of this study invite them to reassess the traditional life-style and life-cycle explanations of counter-urbanisation in favour of an economic driven migration.

  • 206.
    Ganeklev, Angelica
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Turismutveckling i ett världsarvsområde: Lokal delaktighet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 207.
    Gentile, Michael
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi. Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition (SCOHOST), Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Meeting the 'organs': the tacit dilemma of field research in authoritarian states2013Inngår i: Area (London 1969), ISSN 0004-0894, E-ISSN 1475-4762, Vol. 45, nr 4, s. 426-432Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To the regret of many scholars, science and politics often overlap, and nowhere as clearly as inside countries ruled by authoritarian governments, where research tends to attract the surveillance of repressive authorities and, more specifically, of the secret services (known as the organ' within post-communist space). While such surveillance places significant ethical and methodological challenges on field research, it is rarely discussed in the literature. This paper discusses what may happen when the organ takes interest in fieldwork. Based on the author's experiences in a range of post-communist countries, the aim is to present and discuss the related risks, and to show how these may materialise in relation to the organ's (c)overt activities.

  • 208.
    Gentile, Michael
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Sjöberg, Örjan
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Soviet housing: Who built what and when? The case of Daugavpils,Latvia2010Inngår i: Journal of Historical Geography, ISSN 0305-7488, E-ISSN 1095-8614, Vol. 36, nr 4, s. 453-465Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout much of the Soviet period, access to housing was a major consideration, both for individual citizens and employers intent on increasing their number of employees. Because of the heavy emphasis on industry, and despite the progress made within the area since the late 1950s, Soviet urban residential provision never managed to fully recover from the acute housing shortage that characterized the Stalin years. In this paper, we address the quantitative side of housing construction during the socialist era. Using the mid-sized diversified industrial town of Daugavpils (Latvia) as a case study, we set out to investigate the extent to which employers were involved in decisions concerning housing provision. To do this, we consult a large volume of archival records, our focus being on documents tracing entries indicating that new living quarters were ready and could be allocated to employees of sponsoring organizations and enterprises.

  • 209.
    Gentile, Michael
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Sjöberg, Örjan
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Spaces of priority: the geography of Soviet housing construction in Daugavpils, Latvia2010Inngår i: Annals of the Association of American Geographers, ISSN 0004-5608, E-ISSN 1467-8306, Vol. 100, nr 1, s. 112-136Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 210.
    Gharibyan, Tatevik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Adoption of e-Commerce in micro tourism firms located in Umeå2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    A new and an effective Internet business model such as electronic commerce (e-Commerce) has obtained great importance in the tourism industry (Li & Suomi, 2008). e-Commerce has great importance also for small firms. Despite this, the majority of  literature concerning  tourism and e-Commerce does not tend to discuss the adoption of e-Commerce within small and medium sized firms (SMEs), whereas most studies have focused on the information that can be found on broader aspects of the Internet and ICT (Abou-Shouk, Lim & Megicks, 2013). The same is applicable for the smallest type of SMEs namely micro firms. In general, as Sandberg & Håkansson (2014) noted little research has been done concerning e-Commerce adoption in micro firms and they are mainly using quantitative research methods. Besides, in the tourism industry the study of e-Commerce adoption by small businesses are considered as an emergent area where limited research has been conducted yet (Thomas, Shaw, & Page, 2011). Similarly, very little research has been done regarding geographical aspects of e-Commerce. Usually, e-Commerce and its impact on firms and people have been investigated by disciplines outside of geography (Boschma & Weltevreden, 2005). Thus, from a scientific perspective e-Commerce adoption (including spatial aspects) in micro tourism firms remains under-researched. It is unclear to what extent micro tourism firms adopt e-Commerce and what is spatial impact of e-Commerce adoption and if there are any barriers that inhibit that adoption.

    The aim of this study is to investigate adoption of e-Commerce in micro tourism firms located in Umeå, Sweden, especially, to describe levels of e-Commerce adoption in micro tourism firms and to analyze the barriers that inhibit e-Commerce adoption within them. The choice of the place can be justified by the fact that Sweden is ranked relatively high in firms’ ICT usage, thus, it is interesting to investigate e-Commerce adoption in micro firms. Moreover, there are many micro firms in Umeå which can become relevant subjects for this study. In order to find out the level of e-Commerce adoption it was applied one of the widely used e-Commerce adoption stage models. In terms of barriers of e-Commerce adoption after discussion of the main literature in relation to barriers, the emphasis was on the literature discussing barriers in Swedish SMEs. The study was qualitative research and was conducted using semi-structured interview approach to conduct interviews in 10 micro tourism firms specializing in accommodation provision. All participating firms in this study were somehow e-Commerce adopters. The data was analyzed using thematic analysis.

    The conclusion of this study is that most of the micro tourism firms in Umeå are still developing e-Commerce and are at the lower level of e-Commerce adoption, except from two firms which are at the advanced levels of adoption. All participating firms use e-Commerce to lesser extent to penetrate to distant, international market. Instead, the micro tourism firms in this study use e-Commerce mostly for serving local, Swedish market.  The main barriers that inhibit e-Commerce adoption within these micro tourism firms that are identified in this study are a firm small size, a lack of pressure from customers, a lack of “local” support, a lack of managers'/owners' own e-Commerce experience, a lack of knowledge and concerns in relation to the difficulties to meet growing customers' demand.

  • 211.
    Gidlund, Andrea
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Kvinnors upplevda trygghet i offentliga rum2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 212.
    Gilliusson, Linnéa
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Den attraktiva skiddestinationen: En studie om hur svenska skidorter arbetar för att utveckla dess besöksnäring2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Downhill skiing in the Swedish mountain range is an activity that increases in number of visitors for each year. It attracts a large amount of tourist that visit the destinations for different reasons. In order to succeed amongst the amount of destinations, it ́s necessary to differentiate themselves from competitors, and work out a clear strategy of attracting visitors to their own destination.

    The aim of this study is to examine how Swedish destinations that offers downhill skiing to tourist works to create attractiveness. This is studied with factors such as competitive advantages between destinations, loyalty towards the tourists, how the organization in the destination works with segments and target groups, and at last, how accessibility affects the number of visitors. This has been done through semistructured informant interviews, with managers in the area at four different destinations in the Swedish mountain range, together with literature studies of previous studies in the field. The result of the study tells us about how the destinations work and their strategies to expand and attract more visitors. Many of the destinations consider loyalty as one of the most important factors for a successful destination in the long run. The result also shows how competitive advantages are a fundamental part of differentiating themselves from others, to have a clear vision of what they can offer, facilitates efforts to attract visitors. 

  • 213.
    Gina, Lind
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Samhällsaspekter på evenemangsturism: -vid destinationen Hemavan Tärnaby2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 214.
    Gisselberg, Kjell
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för utvärderingsforskning (UCER).
    Lindström, Susanne
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Mårald, Gunilla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för utvärderingsforskning (UCER).
    Utvärdering av projektet Idéskolor för mångfald: Delrapport 32008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 215.
    Gladkov, Pavel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Exploring Predictors of Life Satisfaction among Native-born Adults in Sweden2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Based on the data from Round 6 of the European Social Survey (ESS), this research study investigates what factors determine life satisfaction in Sweden. Specifically, this paper provides a new look at both the effect of household income on life satisfaction and how personal feelings about household income and the degree of social inclusion mediate the effect of income on life satisfaction. These effects are estimated by the ordinary least squares (OLS) regression models with robust standard error estimates. The results indicate that individual perception of income is more important for life satisfaction than the total amount of revenue. Moreover, the presence of close people to talk to is an essential predictor of subjective well-being. Persons with a high number of people with whom they can discuss intimate and personal matters were found to have a significantly higher life satisfaction than respondents with poor social contacts or no close contacts at all. Overall, the household income effect disappears once the analysis is controlled for these two personalised indicators. In this case, regional differences in well-being in Sweden at NUTS 2 level also vanish. Those findings suggest that Swedish regions provide equally high living standards for all citizens.

  • 216.
    Grahn, Markus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Kan någon svara, bebygga eller bevara?: En studie om Piteå kommuns förhållning till jordbruksmarkens värde2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In a time where many municipalities have an ambition to increase their population, new buildings have to be established at the same time the future value of agricultural land has increased largely the last few decades. This can create dividing lines where the value of farmland stands against new construction. In the 1970s much settlements were added to agricultural land in the municipality of Piteå. At this point there were no clear regulations of the land use resource value. In the current situation the municipality wants to densify the settlement and this creates problems as the law says that usable agricultural land can’t be established if it doesn’t satisfy an essential social interest. In this study, the municipality of Piteå and Länsstyrelsen Norrbotten’s relation to the conservation of agricultural land has been investigated to find out if there is any differences and if so in what way that is expressed.

  • 217.
    Granberg, Jennelie
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Röbäck: förort eller integrerad stadsdel?: En studie om Umeå kommuns arbete med blandat boende och förtätning för att uppnå en social hållbar stadsutveckling och dess påverkan på stadsdelen Röbäck.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 218.
    Granlund, Johanna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Den yngre generationens delaktighet i det lokala utvecklingsarbetet: En fallstudie av dialogprocessen i utvecklingsarbetet "Skellefteå 2030"2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The ambition to involve younger people in future planning processes in order to get full participation of all groups in the society requires a deep and well-planned dialogue. Although, participation not always means inclusion. The purpose of this study was to analyze how the younger generation in the society is included in the future work. This is based on a case study of the developmental work in the municipality of Skellefteå.

    Questions that were answered were how the municipality has made the participation possible? To what extent has the younger generation been involved? How did this group experience their participation? The methodology consisted of mixed methods that include observations, surveys to the session leaders and to the participants in the dialogue and three interviews with two participants and one municipal civil servant.

    The result showed that the open information didn´t reach the younger generation to the open dialogues although the dialogue design gave good conditions for participation. Also the younger had highrepresentativeness of the dialogue thanks to outreach meetings, but that a greater ambition to get them to the open meetings may lead to greater inclusion in the future work of the municipality.

  • 219.
    Granqvist, Raoul J.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkstudier.
    Rummet, gatan och jag i Paris2010Inngår i: Horisont, ISSN 0439-5530, Vol. 57, nr 3, s. 56-62Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Essän är en självbiografisk idéhistorisk granskning av ett 'jag' placerat mellan två tidsscheman, nuet och en tid som flytt och hur de två befinner sig i en ständig dialog. Nuet är ett rum i Paris och dået majdagar 1968. Visualitet och politik.

  • 220.
    Grape, Ove
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Holst, Susanne
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Maktens ansikte i malmens rike - den perifera staten: om avveckling och utveckling i spåren av gruvornas expansion i Malmfälten2017Inngår i: Brännpunkt Norrland: perspektiv på en region i förändring / [ed] Anders Öhman & Bo Nilsson, Umeå: Bokförlaget h:ström - Text & Kultur, 2017, s. 180-208Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 221.
    Grennborg, Andreas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    State Sector Relocations in Sweden: A Municipality-Level Panel Data Analysis on the Effects of Relocation on Regional Development2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, the effects that state sector relocations have on regional development in Sweden are investigated. In January 2017, a government report was released, suggesting the relocation of 10 000 state sector jobs from the capital of Stockholm to other parts of Sweden in order to enhance the preconditions for regional development in the destination localities. This thesis aims to investigate which effects that state sector relocations and state sector jobs have on regional development. Three determinants were used to find these effects: the share of state sector employees, the state sector employee growth rate and a dummy variable which denoted four separate occasions of larger relocations. Three of those relocations were executed as a compensation for military base closures. With a fixed effect panel data analysis, it was possible to investigate the effects of these three determinants and a number of control variables on two regional development variables: average income growth and net migration rate. The data used consists of panel data for the years 2006-2015 on a municipality level, with 264 included municipalities, in Sweden and derived from Statistics Sweden.

    The results showed that the state sector employee growth rate-variable had a positive effect on average income growth. However, the state sector relocation dummy had a negative effect on average income growth. These contradictory results, might be due to the military base closures which occurred a couple of years before the relocations, blurring the positive effects from the relocations. The state sector job-variables had no significant effect on net migration rate, and no obvious long-term effects were found as the share of state sector employees did not show any significant effects on average income growth.

  • 222.
    Grindefors Sponton, Mathilda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Miljömärkningar - en kvalitetssäkring?: En studie om kvalité, kontroll av kriterier samt hjälp av marknadsföring gentemot miljömärkningar inom ekoturism i Sverige.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 223.
    Gustafsson, Cecilia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    "For a better life..." : a study on migration and health in Nicaragua2014Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores and analyses the manifold relations between migration and health, what I call the migration-health nexus, in the contemporary Nicaraguan context. The study is based on fieldwork in León and Cuatro Santos and a mixed-methods approach combining qualitative in-depth interviews and quantitative survey data. In the thesis health is “traced” within the migration process; i.e. in places of origin, during travel, at the destination and after return, including the situation and consequences for both migrants and family members to migrants (“left-behinds”). The study shows that migration-health relations in Nicaragua are connected to broader economic, social and political factors and to the country’s historical experiences of colonization, neo-colonization and structural adjustments. Contemporary Nicaraguan migrations are primarily related to the strategies of making a living and the struggle for a better life (i.e. a practice of mobile livelihoods). In the study setting health concerns were both indirectly embedded in people’s mobile livelihoods, as well as directly influencing decisions to move or to stay, and migration involved both advantages and disadvantages for health. Through migration, women could see an end to physical violence and sexual abuse. Internal migrants could improve their access to health care and medicine. Vulnerabilities related to the unpredictable nature conditions could be avoided through moving. And, through the money made from migrant work people’s everyday lives and health could be improved, in terms of better nutrition, housing, and access to education, health care and medicine. However, remittances do not necessarily lead to development, as they are used to compensate for the lacking public sector in Nicaragua. Under these circumstances, I argue that the Nicaraguan population is not guaranteed their social rights of citizenship. I also argue that the negative aspects surrounding migration must be taken into account when discussing the development potentials of migration and remittances. Both internal and international migrants in this study experienced stress while moving to a new place. International migrants had difficulties accessing health care in the destination, particularly those lacking documentation. The separation within families due to migration often caused emotional pain. Family members left behind did not rate their physical health as good as often as non-migrant families. The vulnerability, stress experiences and sufferings of migrants and left-behinds varied, however. I therefore conclude that social differences (in terms of e.g. gender, class, skin colour, and legal immigration status) are key for the enactment of the migration-health nexus, and that an interplay of individual, social and structural factors influence the outcome.

  • 224.
    Gustafsson, Cecilia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Resumen de "'Para un vida mejor...' Un estudio sobre migración y salud en Nicaragua"2016Inngår i: Revista de Temas Nicaragüenses, ISSN 2164-4268, Vol. 104, nr Diciembre, s. 84-99Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [es]

    Este es el Resumen en Español de la tesis doctoral "'Para un vida mejor...' Un estudio sobre migración y salud en Nicaragua" [“’For a better life…’ A study on migration and health in Nicaragua”] escrito por Cecilia Gustafsson, y publicado en 2014 en el Department of Geography and Economic History, Umeå University, Sweden (Series: GERUM 2014:2; ISSN:1402-5205; ISBN: 9789176011928). El Resumen en Español se republica en Revista de Temas Nicaragüenses con la autorización del autor y editor. Esta nueva versión contiene un cambio moderado del Resumen en Español originalmente publicado en la tesis doctoral; La autora ha hecho algunos cambios en los encabezados y las referencias, y ha incluido una lista bilbiográfica. La tesis doctoral fue escrita enteramente en inglés y puede descargarse de la URL: http://umu.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:773256/FULLTEXT01.pdf. 

  • 225.
    Gustafsson, Cecilia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Äldre invandrares levnadsförhållanden i Sverige: En bakgrund inför framtida forskning2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 226.
    Gustavsson, Pauline
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Besökares inställning till att resa kollektivt till en destination i glesbygd: En fallstudie om Granö Beckasin och hur besökare reser dit2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    There is a common problem with destinations in rural areas and public transport. Normally public transport is not so available in rural areas compared to urban areas. And while the countries in the entire world are trying to reduce the carbon dioxide emissions, visitors still need to drive with their own car to destinations in rural areas. In this case study I am seeking answers if the reason they drive with their own car to a destination (where there is possibilities to use public transport and save the environment), is because they are unaware of the possibilities with public transport or if they rather drive their own car because the feeling of freedom and flexibilty. The result is that 100 % of the the visitors that participated in this study did go by car to Granö Beckasin (the case of this study). And most of them would like to continue with that, although they are aware and consider them self dedicated with decreasing the human effect on environment and climate change. The data collected is too less for generealizing, but in the result part I am still doing an overview about the collected data. In the discussion part I am analyzing what could have been done better and maybe evantuated in more respondents. I also mention tip for what I think could be useful when making a similar study.

  • 227.
    Gyllström, Clara
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Gender equality in relation to the public housing market: A critical assessment of the publiv housing market in Västerbotten County2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In the welfare state classification in which Sweden is found housing is not fully included as a key element which implies some difficulties when analyzing equality in the Swedish housing market. Furthermore, the Swedish housing market is shifting towards becoming more marketoriented which has indicated that housing is becoming more of an individual responsibility rather than a key element supplied from the state. When it comes to the Swedish gender equality work this needs to be further problematized as it has become a norm in Swedish policy that does not reflect reality. The purpose of this study is therefore to analyze if and how the aspect of gender equality is incorporated in the work with the public housing market as well as if there are different views towards the subject in the study area of Västerbotten County. By using a short survey and stakeholder interviews, data has been collected providing empirical data regarding gender equality in relation to the public housing market across the study area. The result shows some uncertainties and different views towards the subject of gender equality in relation to the public housing market across the municipalities in Västerbotten County. These uncertainties take form as some informants does not fully understand how gender equality and the public housing market is connected to each other and as there seem to be a lack of information which needs to spread within the municipalities. Furthermore, the informants problematize some underlying norms when planning for housing that needs to be reconsidered in order to create inclusiveness in the public housing market across the county. Otherwise, the planning process might end up creating a future exclusion of those not fitting into these norms. It is therefore important to always view the gender equality work as a continuous process.

  • 228.
    Gärling, Tommy
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi, Transportforskningsenheten (TRUM).
    Marell, Agneta
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    A note on the short-term effects of deregulation of the Swedish taxicab industry1995Inngår i: Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, ISSN 0022-5258, E-ISSN 1754-5951, nr 24, s. 209-214Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 229.
    Habteselassie, Dawit
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Pettersson, Örjan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Wiberg, Ulf
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Restructuring in sparse regional structures: a swedish case2006Inngår i: Social capital and development trends in rural areas / [ed] Katasuhisa Ito, Hans Westlund, Kiyoshi Kobayashi, Tsuyoshi Hatori, Kyoto: University, MARG , 2006, s. 85-102Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 230.
    Hagberg, Ella
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Mer demokratiska medborgardialoger?: En studie av möjligheter och utmaningar med digitala samråd2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    During recent years there has been an increased demand for public deliberation in planning processes in Sweden. This is due to ideals of communicative planning. In reality the citizen participation is low and new methods for dialogue are requested. The aim of this study is to examine possibilities and challenges with digital public deliberations, from a democratic point of view. More specifically this meant defining the work with civil dialogue today, conditions for digital dialogue and requirements for a tool for digital dialogue. In addition possible effects on the democratic aspects of civil dialogue were identified. This was done by a literature study in combination with six interviews with persons working with civil dialogue. The empirical data were compiled through a thematic analysis. Possibilities and challenges with digital civil dialogue were found in general tendencies in the society as well as in details with the work today. Overall the conclusion is that there are favorable circumstances for digital dialogues as a complement to the traditional methods. It may lead to more democratic dialogues through increased accessibility and accordingly representativeness. On the other hand it may hold a risk for digital exclusion and there are qualities with face-to-face meetings that are considered difficult to replace with digital methods. However these challenges could diminish in the years to come, in step with the digitalization of the society.

  • 231.
    Hagström, Jakob
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Svenska researrangörer och klimatkompensering: En oönskad lösning på turismresors klimatpåverkan2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the Swedish travel agencies that offer voluntary carbon offsetting to their costumers. Tourism is expanding in a fast rate globally with international arrivals predicted to reach 1,8 billion by 2030 (UNWTO, 2008). Economic development and more availability of individual free time are two of the most significant drivers to this growth in tourism. Globalization has also resulted in the growth and increase of mobility on a global scale (Harvey, 2000). The reduction of cost and time of mobility in space, driven partly by technological innovation in the transport sector has resulted in the increase of mobility (Harvey, 2000). Tourism is inseparable with transport; an increase in tourism therefore results in an increase of emissions related to tourism transports (Duval, 2007). One of the most alarming challenges facing tourism is the increase of green house gases. A number of Swedish travel agencies are offering voluntary carbon offsetting to their costumers as a way of tackling the problem off the increase of emissions related to tourism. This study however shows that the interest and motivation to buy voluntary offsetting from travel agencies are low, and gives some incentive to why that’s the case. Swedish travel agencies effort to sell voluntary carbon offsetting to their costumers must be seen as a failure, both in numbers and in doing any significant impact on the mitigation of climate change related to tourism.

  • 232.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Amenity Migration in the South Island of New Zealand: Contestation for Land and Landscape in Central Otago2006Inngår i: The amenity migrants: seeking and sustaining mountains and their cultures / [ed] Moss, L. A. G., Wallingford: CABI Publishing, 2006, s. 295-305Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines amenity migration in Central Otago, within the southern alpine area of New Zealand's South Island. Emphasis is placed on the roles of second homes and tourism as major factors in amenity migration. Key considerations include the demands being placed on resources, access issues, and potential conflicts between amenity migration and other land uses. Another source of conflict is the rising cost of housing in the region. The chapter concludes by noting the importance of adopting growth management strategies that consider wider aspects of human mobility than at present, as well as an improved statistical and research regime that can capture the dynamics of amenity migration.

  • 233.
    Hane-Weijman, Emelie
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Returning to Work: geographies of Employment in Turbulent Times2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis adds to theorizations of resilience, by placing workers and employment on the center stage. This has been addressed by contextualizing gross employment changes and workers’ way back to employment after redundancy. Swedish longitudinal microdata from 1990-2010 were used. This made it possible to study employer-employee links that disappeared and appeared, and to follow redundant workers over time and space. 

    The empirical findings conclude there are big regional differences in resilience, absorptive capacity and employment growth. The trajectories of regional net employment growth are diverging – an unequal spatial development that might become reinforced with time as the empirical results show that resilience is a path-dependent phenomenon. Moreover, industry proximity is an important factor when analyzing both regional absorptive capacity and labour matching, thus significantly affecting worker adaptability in times of turbulence.

    This is explained by the frictions and skill (mis)matching that arise in the labour market and in new employment positions due to industry proximities. A cohesive and diverse region is more resistant to shocks as well as adaptable in the aftermath of the crisis, while a specialized region is more sensitive and less resilient in general. In addition, a worker facing redundancy in a region where there is a big share of the same or related industries to the industry she became redundant from decreases the time to re-employment as there is a big supply of jobs that need similar skills and competences. However, there are significant differences in the mobilities of redundant workers, where some groups are more inclined to diversify into new regions and industries, while some have more invested in the industry and region. However, staying in the same industry that experienced the major lay-off means a less stable employment, but moving into unrelated industries increases the workers’ chances of experiencing skill mismatch and becoming underemployed. Finding a new job in related industries means a more stable employment and increases the chances of upward mobility. 

    In conclusion, based on these findings, it is argued in the thesis that regional branching into related industries is a good regional resilience strategy. However, it needs to be combined with policies aiming for related labour branching as well in order to be able to reallocate skills into new parts of the economy while avoiding skill mismatch. This provides a good base for regional diversification that can result in path re-orientation and renewal.

  • 234.
    Hane-Weijman, Emelie
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Eriksson, Rikard H.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Henning, Martin
    Handelshögskolan, Göteborgs universitet.
    Returning to work: regional determinants of re-employment after major redundancies2018Inngår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 52, nr 6, s. 768-780Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Using matched employer-employee data on roughly 429,000 workers made redundant from large plant closures or major downsizing in Sweden between 1990-2005, this paper analyses the role of the regional industry mix (specialization, related and unrelated variety) in the likelihood of returning to work. Our results show that a high presence of same or related industries speeds up the re-employment process, while high concentrations of unrelated activities do not. The role of related activities is particularly evident in the short run and in regions with high unemployment. Consequently, the prospect of successful diversification is enhanced in regions with related industries.

  • 235.
    Hannes, Olsson
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    KOLLEKTIVT RESANDEUTANFÖR LÄNET: Regioners och länsgränsers inverkan påplanerandet av kollektivtrafiken.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Our regional borders and its administration play an important role forpublic transport in Sweden. Every region (län) is required by law to havea regional public transport authority that's in charge of planning thepublic transport. To get an understanding of the regional administrationfor public transport we also need to understand regions. Informationabout the regions was gathered by conducting interviews with representsfrom every region. The policy documents for every regions publictransport was also an integral part to understand the plans and visions ofthe region. Based on the interviews it became apparent that regionalrestructuring is an interesting concept and could be beneficial to thepublic transport but the main interest they were concerned by wascooperation. The social relations and the historical development of regional and local administration is also an important part of this study.

  • 236. Hannonen, Olga
    et al.
    Tuulentie, Seija
    Pitkänen, Kati
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia. Finnish Environment Institute, Joensuu, Finland.
    Borders and Second Home Tourism: Norwegian and Russian Second Home Owners in Finnish Border Areas2015Inngår i: Journal of Borderlands Studies, ISSN 0886-5655, E-ISSN 2159-1229, Vol. 30, nr 1, s. 53-67Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Trans-border tourism and second home ownership are growing phenomena around the world. Existing literature discusses the border as an attraction, barrier or opportunity for different types of interactions that cross it including tourism, while the relationship between borders and second home tourism has not received much academic attention. This study explores the role of borders in trans-border second home tourism. We ask: what are the motives for having a second-home in a neighboring country, and how does the border shape second homerelated daily life? The study is conducted in Finland, which has recently become an attractive destination for foreign second home owners. The data was collected through interviews with Russian and Norwegian second home owners in areas bordering these countries. The results show that despite major differences in border regimes with Russia and Norway, the state border did not appear as a visible barrier to second home owners, but led to the formation of invisible barriers in both cases. Different types of physical borders formed similar imprints on the lives of second home owners. The foreign second home owners faced cultural and language barriers but at the same time had opportunities for recreation that did not exist in their own country.

  • 237.
    Hansson, Heidi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkstudier. Arcum.
    Ryall, AnkaNorges arktiske universitet UiT.
    Arctic modernities: the environmental, the exotic and the everyday2017Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 238.
    Hansson, Heidi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkstudier. Arcum.
    Ryall, Anka
    Norges arktiske universitet UiT.
    Introduction: environmental, exotic and everyday arctic2017Inngår i: Arctic modernities: the environmental, the exotic and the everyday / [ed] Heidi Hansson and Anka Ryall, Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2017, s. 1-13Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 239. Harwood, Sharon
    et al.
    Carson, Dean B
    Charles Darwin University, Australia.
    Marino, Elizabeth
    McTurk, Nick
    Weather hazards, place and resilience in the remote Norths2011Inngår i: Demography at the edge: remote human populations in developed nations / [ed] Dean Carson, Rasmus Ole Rasmussen, Prescott Ensign, Lee Huskey, Andrew Taylor, Farnham: Ashgate, 2011, s. 308-320Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 240. Harwood, Sharon
    et al.
    Carson, Dean
    Flinders University Rural Clinical School, Australia.
    Wensing, Ed
    Jackson, Luke
    Natural hazard resilient communities and land use planning: the limitations of planning governance in tropical Australia2014Inngår i: Journal of Geography & Natural Disasters, ISSN 2167-0587, Vol. 4, nr 2, artikkel-id 1000130Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines how two Australian land use planning systems address the creation of hazard resilient communities in tropical areas. The application of substantive hazard knowledge and how this influences the associated procedures within the planning system is examined. The case studies of Darwin the capital of the Northern Territory, and the beachside suburb of Machans Beach within the Cairns Regional Council in far north Queensland are investigated. Both case study locations have experienced tropical cyclones since settlement and despite their hazard prone locations, both have intensified over their 120 year existence. Moreover, it is predicted that cyclones in tropical Australia will decrease in number, but increase in intensity. It would be rational to assume that industry, community and government would actively pursue planning strategies to negate the risks of natural hazards and the corresponding level of vulnerability to a hazard event. However, neither communities nor planning are driven by rational technical decision making processes. The paper concludes that the rhetoric for creating hazard resilient communities dominates national and state government policy, however this has minimal influence upon the legal framework that protects development rights. It would appear that the safe development paradox is present in the Australian land use planning system, and that the focus of planning is on creating certainty of development rights and achieving efficiencies through urban settlement patterns, as opposed to creating hazard resilient communities.

  • 241.
    Hassel, Lars G (Programme Director)
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Frisk, Anders (Editorial Content)
    IMCG.
    Do sustainable investments add value?2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 242.
    Haugen, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Contested Lands?: Dissonance and Common Ground in Stakeholder Views on Forest Values2016Inngår i: Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, ISSN 0040-747X, E-ISSN 1467-9663, Vol. 107, nr 4, s. 421-434Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Forest lands are used in increasingly plural ways and serve society with numerous benefits. This paper analyses the views of private forest owners and the general public in Sweden on the values of the forest. Two main dimensions were identified: ‘preservation and recreation’ values, reflecting ecological and social aspects; and ‘production’ values, reflecting economic aspects. While the general public emphasised the importance of forest uses which cater to ecological and social forest values more strongly compared to the forest owners, no significant difference was found concerning economic forest values. This suggests that while there is scope for contestation over forest land use, there is also some potential for common ground across stakeholder groups. These findings add to the body of knowledge of the views on the use of forest lands, and can inform forest related planning, management and policy development.

  • 243.
    Haugen, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Miljöbilens förutsättningar i glesa bygder: Tillgänglighet samt sociala och ekonomiska aspekterför individer och hushåll. Kunskapsöversikt för BISEK2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents a review of research into the prerequisites for adoption of alternative fuel vehicles(AFVs) in sparsely populated areas. Focus is on issues related to accessibility as well as social andeconomic aspects on the individual and household levels. Geographically, the review focuses mainlyon the Swedish context. Methodology‐wise, the report is based on a literature review encompassingseveral issues: varying views and definitions of rural or sparsely populated areas and the heterogeneitypresent within such broad categories; problems related to accessibility in sparsely populated areas;geographical variations within the Swedish car fleet; access to renewable fuels; theoretical perspectiveson the diffusion of innovations (DOI) and adoption of new technologies, including geographicalperspectives on these issues; and research into the adoption of AFVs more specifically.Moreover, other social and economic aspects of potential relevance for the adoption of AFVs arediscussed. In addition to the literature review, a pilot‐style interview with a resident of a sparselypopulated area in Sweden was conducted.Poor local accessibility is frequently a problematic issue in sparsely populated areas, and a maincause for an extensive car dependency. However, the geographical categories “sparsely populated”or “rural” areas contain substantial differences in prerequisites for accessibility depending not onlyon intra‐local supply, but also on e.g., location with respect to urban centres and major cities, andthe residents’ travel patterns. So far, the adoption and diffusion of AVFs in sparsely populated areashas been limited. Many largely sparsely populated municipalities are among those with the lowestshares of AVFs in the vehicle fleet, and consequently the conventional fossil fuel vehicles dominate.While access to e.g., refueling infrastructure is obviously a key prerequisite for AFV adoption, a lackin this respect does not appear to be a main reason why AFVs are scarce in sparsely populated areas.Theoretical perspectives on DOI suggest that different groups, e.g., regarding socioeconomic attributes,tend to adopt innovations at different stages of the process of diffusion. Also, innovations tendto spread from the higher levels to the lower levels of the urban hierarchy. To date, research intoconsumer adoption of AVFs, despite having generated a substantial body of literature, has largelyneglected geographical factors in general, and an explicit focus on sparsely populated areas is lackingin particular. An explorative interview with a resident in a rural area in Sweden indicated that carchoice was guided by economic factors, whereas environmental concerns were more or less absent.The respondent also expressed a lack of knowledge about AFVs and, importantly, a view that AFVsare a non‐issue, something that lies outside of the realm of awareness.There are various potential impediments as well as opportunities for the adoption of AVFs insparsely populated areas, with regard to contextual factors as well as socioeconomic factors. However,AVF adoption in these geographical settings is an issue which requires more research. This issue ispertinent not least in recognition of the fact that the residents these areas constitute a substantialshare of the population, and cannot be overlooked in the ongoing process of transition of thetransport system towards reduced carbon dependence.

  • 244.
    Haugen, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    The accessibility paradox: Everyday geographies of proximity, distance and mobility2012Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to explore the importance of proximity and mobility, respectively, for individuals’ accessibility, as well as the relationship between these two key spatial dimensions of accessibility in the context of everyday life. The thesis is based upon three empirical research papers which focus on accessibility-related preferences, actual accessibility conditions, and travel patterns. Focus is directed towards the spatial relationships between individuals’ residential location vis-à-vis the location of a selection of different amenities including work, education, service and leisure functions as well as social relations. The analyses are based on a wide range of quantitative data, including questionnaire surveys as well as official register data for the Swedish population.

         The first paper shows that residential proximity to amenities was most valued by individuals in the case of social relations and basic daily activities. The level of satisfaction with current accessibility conditions was generally high, with the exception of social relations where the findings suggest the existence of a ‘proximity deficit’. The second paper shows that observed average distances to most amenities have decreased over time (1995–2005). Concerning service amenities, the increases in proximity over the period were primarily due to a restructuring of the localization patterns within the service sector. A comparison of potential accessibility conditions and actual travel patterns revealed that people tend to travel farther than to the nearest amenity options, presumably to a large extent because of selective individual preferences, which may downplay the importance of distance in destination choice. The third paper shows that although the numerical supply of amenities within different spatial ranges has a significant influence on how far individuals travel for service errands, supply size alone is not sufficient for explaining travel length. The findings also suggest that although people tend to utilize the supply of amenities available locally, they are also willing to extend their travel distance in order to reach the amenity supply available within the region. Thus, even when there is a local supply, a rich regional supply may induce longer trips.

         A juxtaposition of the findings of the three empirical studies suggests the existence of an ‘accessibility paradox’ with several facets. First, although people express an affinity for residential proximity to many amenities, this is not necessarily reflected in actual destination choices, since minimization of travel distance is apparently not always a key criterion. This is also suggested by the conclusion that the spatial structure of the amenity supply alone accounts for only a relatively small part of the explanation of travel length, which is influenced by many other factors. In addition, actual travel distances show an increasing trend over time despite the concurrent reductions in potential distances. Second, the development over time indicates that the proximity deficit regarding social relations may be increasing in the sense that average distances have increased to many of the amenities considered important to have nearby, for instance adult children, but have decreased to those where proximity is not considered particularly important. Third, there is a discrepancy between the observed trend towards increased proximity to many amenities and much of the general discourse on accessibility, which tends to emphasize deteriorating conditions. 

  • 245.
    Haugen, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    The advantage of 'near': Which accessibilities matter to whom?2011Inngår i: European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, ISSN 1567-7133, E-ISSN 1567-7141, Vol. 11, nr 4, s. 368-388Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores people’s preferences for living close to destinations such as work, service, leisure and social activities, satisfaction with the proximities offered by their residential location, as well as more general residential satisfaction. The paper draws on the literature on accessibility, residential choice and residential preferences, and is empirically based on a survey targeted at individuals aged 20-64 in the Swedish population. The results suggest that ‘proximity preferences’ are structured by both practical and social rationales. Preferences also differ to varying degrees between groups with respect to gender, age and type of residential environment. Self-reported distances are short for virtually all destina-tions except those relating to social relations. People’s satisfaction with their residential location relative to their everyday life accessibility needs is also explored in regression analyses. The findings imply that residential location satisfaction is related to type of resi-dential environment, dwelling type/tenure, whether the respondents had considered mov-ing to increase the proximity to certain destinations, and their level of satisfaction with the distances from home to various destinations.

  • 246.
    Haugen, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Holm, Einar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Häggström Lundevaller, Erling
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statistiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Localised attitudes matter: a study of sickness absence in Sweden2008Inngår i: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 189-207Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The central issues explored in this article are the importance of geographical location in explaining the attitudes of individuals, and the interplay between these attitudes and overt behaviour. The context is as follows: In the late 1990's, sick-listings in Sweden underwent a substantial increase, causing the public expenses for the general sickness insurance to soar. Moreover, the extent of the usage of the insurance was found to vary significantly across different regions within the country. This development of the sickness insurance generally, and the regional differences specifically, have since been the subject of an intense debate. Differences and/or changes in attitudes toward sick leave within the population have been proposed as possible reasons for the regional variations. Much of the discussion has, however, been based on speculative arguments rather than empirical studies. Using data from a survey conducted in 2005, this research explores whether geographical location influences individual attitudes toward sick leave, and whether these attitudes in turn influence the sickness absence of individuals. The data are analysed using factor analysis, ordinary linear regressions and logistic regressions. The results provide some support for the idea that geographical factors matter to individual attitudes, and that variation in these attitudes is in turn associated with propensity for sickness absence. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • 247.
    Haugen, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Holm, Einar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Strömgren, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Changes in accessibility 1995-20052009Inngår i: Paper presented at the NECTAR Cluster on Accessibility, Cagliari, Italy, Cagliari, 2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 248.
    Haugen, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
    Vilhelmson, Bertil
    Göteborgs universitet.
    The divergent role of spatial access: the changing supply and location of service amenities and service travel distance in Sweden2013Inngår i: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375, Vol. 49, s. 10-20Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This research explores and adds to the literature concerning the relationship between spatial structure and travel behaviour; specifically, the relationship between local and regional accessibility to service amenities and the distance of service-related trips. The analysis is based on a unique combination of national travel survey data for Sweden and official register data with detailed, geo-referenced information about the Swedish population and the location of service amenities in 1995 and 2005/2006. The results show that spatial access to service amenities increased in general over the study period, both locally (i.e., within ranges of 1 km and 5 km, respectively, of residential areas) and regionally (within 50 km). Despite increased spatial accessibility, the observed average travel distance also increased. We find strong and differing associations between spatial access to service amenities and travel distance, depending on level of scale. While the association was negative on the local scale (i.e., a numerically large supply of amenities was related to shorter travel distance), it was the opposite and positive, on the regional scale. In terms of implications for policy, the results imply that land use planning measures to promote local access, and thereby reduce traffic volumes, may per se be insufficient for attaining more sustainable levels of mobility.

  • 249. Haynes, Katharine
    et al.
    Bird, Deanne K
    Carson, D.B
    School of Medicine, Flinders University and the Northern Institute, Charles Darwin University, Australia.
    Indigenous experiences and responses to Cyclone Tracy2014Inngår i: Applied studies in climate adaptation / [ed] Jean P. Palutikof, Sarah L. Boulter, Jon Barnett and David Rissik, Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2014, s. 297-306Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 250. Haynes, Katharine
    et al.
    Bird, Deanne K.
    Carson, Dean B.
    Flinders University; Charles Darwin University.
    Larkin, Steve
    Mason, Matthew
    Adaptation lessons from Cyclone Tracy part II: Institutional response and Indigenous experiences of Cyclone Tracy2011Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    At the time of Cyclone Tracy in 1974, Darwin's population included a substantial number of both permanent and transitory Aboriginal people (members of the Larrakia people and the Stolen Generation). This retrospective study collated the experiences of 37 people (23 Indigenous, 14 key government officials). In general, Indigenous people did not appear to have been treated substantially differently from non-Indigenous people in terms of evacuation procedures, health care or resettlement. Some Indigenous study participants discussed how they had been aware of traditional knowledge, but due to their cultural heritage being mixed with a more contemporary Australian education they had not taken the Indigenous early warnings seriously. The interviews revealed that in many ways, Indigenous people considered that they were better better able to cope and recover from the disaster than non-Indigenous people, as they were often more self sufficient than their non-Indigenous neighbours. Their resilience came from not being as reliant on material possessions, their ability to rely on the land for food, and the many family connections and people whom they could get help from. This research has demonstrated that much of the Indigenous population living in Darwin is fairly urbanised and although they retain Indigenous cultural heritage, they are able to work with standard Australian emergency management warnings and procedures. The exception to this is the transient, itinerant Indigenous people and those living in rural areas outside of Darwin who may be without shelter and connection to communities. There is a need for emergency management protocols to also consider the particular vulnerability of such transient itinerant individuals.

2345678 201 - 250 of 775
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf