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  • 2101.
    Zelime, Justin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Deutschmann, Mats
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Revisiting the Trilingual Language-in-Education policy in the Seychelles National Curriculum Framework and Subject Curricula: Intentions and Practice2016In: Island Studies, Indian Ocean/Océan Indien, ISSN 1694-2582, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 50-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The policy documents of a country’s education system can provide evidence of that particular country’s vision for its people’s socio-economic, socio-cultural and academic development. Such documents can also say much about the power relations between different languages that might be represented within it. Educators, policy makers, educational leaders, teachers, learners and parents are some key players directly or indirectly affected by these policy documents. Using Critical Discourse Analysis and Spolsky’s (2004, 2012) framework for language policy analysis, this paper investigates the trilingual language-in-education policy in the Seychelles National Curriculum Framework (2013) and three Subject Curricula (English, Kreol Seselwa and French), with the aim to explore how the documents relate at the levels of policy planning, implementation and practice. Our findings reveal that there are discrepancies between the overarching Curriculum Framework, where all three national languages are given central roles and equal status, and the Subject Curricula, where clear differences in the power and functions of the languages emerge. Further, on a more pragmatic level, it is of concern that the current policy documents do not explicitly acknowledge the role of the language instruction as a vehicle for learning when describing learning goals and terminal objectives – a good understanding of English (the current L2 medium of instruction) is a prerequisite for succeeding in education. Further, the lack of attention to the question of L2 writing literacy and the fact that Seychellois students have to become fairly advanced English writers at an early age if they want to communicate their knowledge across the curriculum is particularly disconcerting.

     

  • 2102.
    Zelime, Justin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Deutschmann, Mats
    Rijlaarsdam, Gert
    The effect of the language of testing on second language learners’ academic performance in social studies: The case of Kreol Seselwa and English in the Seychelles classrooms2018In: L1-Educational Studies in Language and Literature, ISSN 1567-6617, E-ISSN 1573-1731, Vol. 18, p. 1-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the use of Seychelles Creole (hereafter, Kreol Seselwa), and English as languages for testing knowledge in the Social Studies classroom of the Seychelles. The objective of the study was to ascertain whether the languages used in the test affected the pupils' academic performance. The paper is theoretically influenced by the Social Practice approach to writing (Street, 1984), challenging a monolingual (autonomous) approach in favour of a more multilingual (ideological) model which takes into account all the learners' language repertoires. A within groups experimental design was implemented, and 151 primary six pupils (11-12 years) from three different schools wrote a short test, in a counterbalanced design, in two languages. The topic of the test was fishing, mostly local contextual knowledge, taught in English. The tests were marked for content in both languages. The results showed that the scores on both languages highly correlated, indicating that both tests captured the same knowledge constructs. However, pupils achieved significantly higher marks in the tests written in Kreol Seselwa than in English. The study has implications for policymakers, teachers and most importantly learners in other multilingual settings, particularly in post-colonial countries like the Seychelles, where the mother tongue is undervalued in the classroom.

  • 2103.
    Zhao, Huahui
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Investigating teacher-supported peer assessment for EFL writing2014In: ELT Journal, ISSN 0951-0893, E-ISSN 1477-4526, Vol. 68, no 2, p. 155-168Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Concerns over the quality of peer feedback and entrenched teacher-driven learning have resulted in the limited use of peer assessment in Chinese EFL writing instruction. This study sought to effectively implement peer assessment for EFL writing in China, by addressing learners' concerns through tailor-made teacher intervention strategies. Eighteen English majors participated in peer assessment for nine writing tasks. Pre-intervention surveys elicited learners' concerns over peer assessment, leading to the design of teacher-led support strategies. Post-task surveys examined learners' satisfaction with teacher-supported peer assessment, and were supplemented by the assignment feedback data. The results show that a dynamic and continuous teacher support approach to peer assessment was reported which proved to substantially affect learners' perceptions, and the nature and the perceived value of peer assessment respectively. This paper provides implications for EFL writing teachers regarding pedagogic motivation and strategies for the effective use of peer assessment.

  • 2104.
    Zipernovszky, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Religious Studies.
    Flerspråkighet i Ungern, speglad i kyrkböcker2002In: När språk och kulturer möts: festskrift till Tuuli Forsgren 2 november 2002 / [ed] Heidi Hansson, Raija Kangassalo & Daniel Lindmark, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2002, p. 216-228Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2105.
    Zipernovszky, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Religious Studies.
    Så låter det på svenska: en annorlunda lärobok med CD om svenskt uttal2006Book (Other academic)
  • 2106.
    Zlatev, Jordan
    et al.
    Språk - och litteraturcentrum, Lunds universitet.
    Andrén, MatsSpråk - och litteraturcentrum, Lunds universitet.Johansson Falck, MarlenePsychology Department, University of California, Santa Cruz.Lundmark, CaritaSpråk, medier, litteratur och lärande, Högskolan i Kristianstad.
    Studies in language and cognition2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a plethora of concepts, theories and methods, the theoretical and empirical studies described in this volume are united in their approach of treating language not in isolation (e.g. as a “module”), but as both based on structures and processes of cognition, and at the same time as affecting the human mind. The book is organized in 7 parts, corresponding to some of the major fields in language research today: (a) linguistic meta-theory and general issues, (b) lexical meaning, (c) metaphor, (d) grammar, (e) pragmatics, (f) gesture and bodily communication, and (g) historical linguistics. At the same time, the non-modular approach to language adopted by the authors is reflected by the fact that there are no strict boundaries between the parts. Thus, the book is a valuable contribution to the growing interdisciplinary field of Language and Cognition.

  • 2107.
    Zlatev, Jordan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    David, C.
    Three ways to travel: motion events in French, Swedish and Thai2004In: Linguagem, Cultura e Cognição: Estudos de Linguística Cognitiva / [ed] Augusto Soares da Silva, Amadeu Torres, Miguel Gonçalves, Coimbra: Almedina , 2004, Vol. 2, p. 119-144Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2108.
    Zlatev, Jordan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Tufvesson, S.
    van Weijer, J.
    Idiomatic entrenchment and semantic priming2004In: Linguagem, Cultura e Cognição: Estudos de Linguística Cognitiva / [ed] Augusto Soares da Silva, Amadeu Torres, Miguel Gonçalves, Coimbra: Almedina , 2004, Vol. 1, p. 309-334Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2109.
    Zlatev, Jordan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Philosophy and Linguistics.
    Yangklang, P.
    A third way to travel: The place of Thai in motion event typology2004In: Relating Events in Narrative: Vol. 2, Typological and Contextual Perspectives / [ed] Sven Strömqvist, Prof Ludo Verhoeven, Mahwah N.J: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2004, p. 159-190Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2110.
    Zocche, Nicola
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Il cinema di piombo: L`eredità degli anni di piombo nel cinema italiano dagli anni `70 ad oggi2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [it]

    Gli anni di piombo sono un periodo storico che ha lasciato una traccia indelebile nella società italiana. La presente tesi è un`analisi del modo in cui gli eventi degli anni di piombo vengono rappresentati e riproposti nella cinematografia prodotta nei quarant`anni successivi. Nell`analizzare una così vasta ed eterogenea filmografia si é cercato di individuare l`esistenza di una tendenza di carattere generale che fosse comune alla maggioranza delle pellicole prodotte sull`argomento, in modo da rivelare che tipo di correlazione esiste tra i film analizzati ed il contesto storico, sociale e culturale in cui sono stati prodotti. I film analizzati sono stati raggruppati in tre aree tematiche riguardanti, rispettivamente, i film dedicati al terrorismo di sinistra, quelli dedicati al terrorismo di destra e, infine, la cinematografia che affronta l`eredità lasciata dagli eventi degli anni di piombo sulla società italiana. Nel corso di tale analisi, ciò che è emerso è una produzione cinematografica che risulta estremamente sintomatica del contesto storico e culturale entro il quale è stata prodotta. I film in esame, tutti, seppur in modalità estremamente differenti, alle prese con la ricerca di quel superamento del trauma che gli eventi degli anni di piombo avevano causato, risultano infatti sintomatici delle circostanze storiche e culturali in cui sono emersi: si tratta, quindi, di un corpus cinematografico che rappresenta eventi, circostanze e sentimenti che sono tutti profondamente ancorati nel proprio contesto storico e culturale.

  • 2111. Zorgdrager, Nellejet
    The Role of Place-Names in Olof Sirma’s two Yoik Texts and their Translations2017In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 71-93Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the place-names in two old Sami yoik songs. These songs, provided by Olof Sirma, a Sami student, were published in Sami and Latin in Schefferus’ book Lapponia in 1673. They became known as the winter song and the summer song. The winter song is a kind of travel account in which a lover tells about his journey by reindeer sledge. In the summer song he dreams about his absent love. Before the end of the twentieth century both love songs were translated many times into various languages. The article takes up the placenames, the landscape described in the songs as well as the homeland of Sirma and the places mentioned in the texts. It discusses what the respective translators did with the place-names from the Latin source texts, in what way they changed the landscape in their translated versions, how, through misreading, a place-name could become the name of a girl or how a place-name was used for personal ends as proof of a questionable thesis. When, in the twentieth century, translators turned to the Sami source texts, the original landscape gradually emerges again.

  • 2112.
    Åsberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Läsa mellan raderna: En studie om undervisning i läsförståelse för elever med autismspektrumtillstånd i särskild undervisningsgrupp.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how two teachers support reading comprehension in the subjects Swedish and Social science in primary school in a specialized teaching group for students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

    The study included eight classroom observations, four in Swedish and four in Social science. The study took place in a specialised teaching group which was divided into two different groups based on age and skill level. In one group there were three students aged 7-10 years and in the other group there were three students aged 10-13 years. Four observations in each group were performed.

    The study also included two interviews with the teachers to follow up on their views on instruction of reading comprehension for students with ASD.

    During the observations, both teachers gave much praise and acknowledgment to the students and they used photographs, films and other concrete materials in their teaching. Both teachers made adjustments for the students. They provided the students with texts with adjusted layouts, the students were offered to listen to the texts, and in writing tasks the teacher acted as a secretary to aid the students in handwriting. None of the teachers used Lena Franzén's materials where the students are asked to read a text and then answer detailed questions as well as questions based on inference about the text. One of the teachers used a similar working process with texts as the one used in Lena Franzéns material. None of the teachers used all the four strategies of reciprocal teaching during the observations: predict content, identify new words in the text, ask your own questions to the text, sort out and summarize the text. But both teachers occasionally used some of the elements from both reciprocal teaching and from Lena Franzén's material.

  • 2113.
    Åstrand, Rickard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Att ställa sin estetik på intet: En studie av modernistisk prosaestetik i Thorsten Jonssons roman Konvoj2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this essay lies on examining the modernistic aesthetics of prose in Thorsten Jonsson’s novel Konvoj (1947). When Walter Benjamin wrote ”The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction” he proved that new technological inventions affected the reception of art. By studying Konvoj in light of Benjamin’s theory, this study indicates that the technology of modernity affects the narrative and the use of metaphors in the novel. In addition I want to investigate how Konvoj can be studied through the theories of Marshall Berman, Theodor W. Adorno and Anthony Giddens, and this by envisioning the modernistic prose as a response to the 19th century modernity. This study illustrates that the style and the narrative aspects of the novel can be understood through modernity, and that the plot (and the characters) are all affected by it. The protagonist of the novel, Antoni Borowski, becomes an object when he is caught in a situation he can’t control, but also a subject when caught in situations he is capable of taking control of. The analysis shows that Konvoj is not only an innovative and an experimental novel in terms of its narrative, but also a novel in which the distinction between nature and culture affects the protagonist Borowski with confusion and alienation.

  • 2114.
    Åstrand, Rickard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Han fattas mig: En studie av poetisk sorgeframställning hos Bodil Malmsten och Elisabeth Rynell2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines how grief is created and expressed in the poetry collections Det här är hjärtat by Bodil Malmsten and Nattliga samtal by Elisabeth Rynell. Based on a theory that emotions are created in a contact between subject and object, it appears in the survey that narrator in each collection of poems expressing and handles grief differently. The narrator in Det här är hjärtat is static and will never come out of grief while the narrator in Nattliga samtal is dynamic and moves on from sorrow.

  • 2115.
    Åström, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    A Narrative of Fear: Advice to Mothers2015In: Literature and medicine, ISSN 0278-9671, E-ISSN 1080-6571, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 113-131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Taking present-day research into so-called new momism and intense mothering as a starting point, this article argues that the current mothering discourse, rather than articulating a new phenomenon, perpetuates a regulative discourse developed in the nineteenth century, in advice books written by medical doctors for pregnant women and new mothers. Both the Victorian and the present-day texts play on feelings of guilt and inadequacy in order to control the actions and emotions of mothers, although the threatened outcome differs: present-day mothers are warned that their children may become obese or develop neuropsychological disorders, whereas Victorian mothers are warned that their children might die.

  • 2116.
    Åström, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Introduction: explaining and exploring the dead or absent mother2017In: The absent mother in the cultural imagination: missing, presumed dead / [ed] Berit Åström, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, p. 1-21Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter addresses the question of why the dead/absent mother-trope is invoked in so many narratives and the many answers given, in mainstream conversations in various online media as well as in scholarly analyses. The chapter includes an overview of previous scholarly research, which is grouped according to the explanatory model given, rather than chronologically. Such an organization generates useful insights, not only into how scholars have approached the dead/absent mother-trope, but also into the transhistorical character of the trope itself. The chapter is concluded with an overview of the other chapters in the anthology, showing how they demonstrate that the dead/absent mother-trope is a cultural conversation that transcends historical and generic divisions. 

  • 2117.
    Åström, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    "Let's get those Winchesters pregnant": Male pregnancy in Supernatural fan fiction2010In: Transformative Works and Cultures, ISSN ISSN 1941-2258, Vol. 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates mpreg slash fiction—same-sex relationships featuring male pregnancy—based on the television series Supernatural, looking at issues of gender and genre. It has been argued that slash writing is a highly subversive and resisting activity, appropriating someone else's characters and rewriting the romance script to suit different tastes than those prescribed by patriarchy. Yet fan fic texts are very diverse and it is difficult, if not impossible, to draw any general conclusions from them. The theme of male pregnancy has the potential to produce narratives that challenge our notions of gender, identity, sexual and social practices, as well as parenthood. Although the fan fiction I have analyzed all deals with these notions in various ways, the focus lies elsewhere. The authors of the texts focus more on exploring Sam and Dean as fathers and homemakers, on writing about family life, with all its traditional trappings. When the authors bring pregnancy into the equation, they draw on narrative and social conventions that follow this experience, resulting in conventional stories set in a very unconventional universe

  • 2118.
    Åström, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Marginalizing motherhood: postfeminist fathers and dead mothers in animated film2017In: The absent mother in the cultural imagination: missing, presumed dead / [ed] Berit Åström, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, p. 241-258Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is a commonplace that very few mothers survive to the end of animated feature films. The construction of the families and fathers the mothers leave behind has changed over the last few decades, however, as well as the reasons the mothers disappear. In this chapter, the films The Little Mermaid (1995), Beauty and the Beast (1991) and Aladdin (1992) are contrasted to the more recent Finding Nemo (2003), Chicken Little (2005) and Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs (2009). This chapter analyzes how the trope of the dead mother intersects with the trend towards representations of postfeminist fatherhood in popular culture, and discusses how a new type of parenting is created, which, although progressive in many ways, is still predicated on the absence of the mother. 

  • 2119.
    Åström, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Murdering the Narrator of The Wife's Lament1999In: Medieval Feminist Forum, ISSN 1536-8742, E-ISSN 2151-6073, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 24-27Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2120.
    Åström, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Over Her Dismembered Body: The Crime Fiction of Mo Hayder and Jo Nesbø2013In: Rape in Stieg Larsson's Millennium Trilogy and Beyond: Contemporary Scandinavian and Anglophone Crime Fiction / [ed] Berit Åström, Katarina Gregersdotter, Tanya Horeck, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, p. 97-113Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2121.
    Åström, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Post-feminist fatherhood and the marginalization of the mother in Cormac McCarthy's the road2018In: Women - A Cultural Review, ISSN 0957-4042, E-ISSN 1470-1367, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 112-128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Critics have tended to dismiss feminist analyses of Cormac McCarthy's works as misguided, labelling investigations of potential narrative misogyny in his novels as irrelevant. In this article, the author argues that such investigations are, on the contrary, highly relevant in the current climate of mother-blaming. The author specifically explains how McCarthy’s 2006 dystopian novel The Road uses post-feminist fatherhood to valorize the father and vilify the mother, thus participating in a continuing cultural trend of privileging fathers over mothers. The Road invokes traditional cultural expectations of motherhood and fatherhood, presenting the mother as unable and unwilling to care for the boy, in stark contrast to the very competent and able father. Many literary analyses of this highly acclaimed novel have unquestioningly accepted the post-feminist marginalization of the mother, and critics have elaborated on and developed the mother-blaming in the novel in a move that the author terms ‘critical co-writing’. Critical co-writing occurs when critics ally themselves with an author, rather than retaining a critical distance, and represent the author's ideas without problematizing them. In the case of The Road, many critics build on post-feminist cues in the novel, adding their own, unreflected, understandings of motherhood and fatherhood. In so doing, they reinterpret and rewrite the novel into an even more forceful presentation of flawed mothering. In a critical discussion of these readings, the author demonstrates how these critics transform the novel's implicit criticism of the mother character into explicit condemnation.

  • 2122.
    Åström, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Referred pain: privileging male emotions in narrative instances of female physical suffering2011In: Journal of Gender Studies, ISSN 0958-9236, E-ISSN 1465-3869, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 125-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses literary patterns of female subordination, and focuses in particular on what the author terms "referred pain." By juxtaposing two early modern texts, William Shakespeare's Titus Andronicus and Aphra Behn's Oroonoko, with two modern visual texts, John Woo's Mission Impossible 2 and Baz Lurhman's Moulin Rouge, the author discusses the recurring trope of privileging male emotional suffering over female physical suffering, and suggests that one reason for the continuing popularity of this can be sought in the kinship system and its exchange of women. The article argues for the application of a transhistorical perspective when studying literature, as a means of revealing patterns that may otherwise go unnoticed.

  • 2123.
    Åström, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Shakespeare and 'Shakespere' in Justin Cronin and Emily St John Mandel2019In: Foundation: The International Review of Science Fiction, ISSN 0306-4964, Vol. 48, no 134, p. 19-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There appears to be an affinity between Shakespeare and postapocalyptic fiction. His works are invoked in a number of such novels, including Justin Cronin’s The Passage (2010) and Emily St. John Mandel’s Station Eleven (2014). Cronin’s novel is mainly set ninety-two years after a failed military experiment that has turned a large part of the American population into vampires, where what is left of humanity is living under a constant threat of violent extinction. Here Shakespeare is only present in a number of epigraphs, what Gerard Genette has referred to as ‘mute gesture[s]’ (156). In Mandel’s novel, set mainly in an America slowly recovering twenty years after a devastating influenza epidemic that killed millions of people, Shakespeare has a greater presence, both through the framing story of a production of King Lear, and through a travelling acting company, which almost exclusively performs Shakespeare’s plays. In this article I investigate the various ways in which Shakespeare is referenced and utilised, as well as which of his texts the authors have chosen to include, discussing what work the Shakespearean references perform and how they relate to questions of cultural memory. I argue that the epigraphs in The Passage, although relying on the reader’s participation in application and interpretation in order not to be a ‘mute gesture’, could be said to be of greater relevance to the reception and understanding of the novel, than Station Eleven’s often casual references to Shakespeare’s ‘greatest hits’.

  • 2124.
    Åström, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    "Sucking the Corrupte Mylke of an Infected Nurse": regulating the dangerous maternal body2015In: Journal of Gender Studies, ISSN 0958-9236, E-ISSN 1465-3869, Vol. 24, no 5, p. 574-586Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on medieval medical encyclopaedias, early modern and Victorian advice books, as well as twentieth scientific advice to mothers, and linking them to present-day mothering discourse in the media, this article discusses cultural attitudes towards breast-milk and nursing mothers. The texts present a paradox in that while breast-milk is claimed as the best food for an infant, and mothers who choose not to nurse are vilified, it is simultaneously discussed as a potential poison and corrupting agent. I argue that the fear of breast-milk is a symptom of a cultural anxiety that periodically resurfaces, constructing the maternal body as threat to the infant, a threat that must be controlled and contained.

  • 2125.
    Åström, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    The absent mother in the cultural imagination: missing, presumed dead2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This anthology explores the recurring trope of the dead or absent mother in Western cultural productions. Across historical periods and genres, this dialogue has been employed to articulate and debate questions of politics and religion, social and cultural change as well as issues of power and authority within the family. Åström seeks to investigate the many functions and meanings of the dialogue by covering extensive materials from the 1200s to 2014 including hagiography, romances, folktales, plays, novels, children's literature and graphic novels, as well as film and television. This is achived by looking at the discourse both as products of the time and culture that produced the various narratives and as part of an on-going cultural conversation that spans the centuries, resulting in an innovative text that will be of great interest to all scholars og gender, feminist and media studies.

  • 2126.
    Åström, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    The Creation of the Anglo-Saxon Woman1998In: Studia Neophilologica, ISSN 0039-3274, E-ISSN 1651-2308, Vol. 70, no 1, p. 25-34Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2127.
    Åström, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    The Politics of Tradition: Examining the History of the Old English poems The Wife's Lament and Wulf and Eadwacer2008Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Book Description:

    In recent years, Anglo-Saxonists have widened the scope of their studies to include not only various aspects of Anglo-Saxon society and literature, but also their own discipline. Studying the scholarship on The Wife's Lament and Wulf and Eadwacer, Åström examines the roles of these scholars in the critical history of the two poems. These poems are two of the most haunting, and at the same time cryptic, texts of the entire Old English corpus. Because of these characteristics, the research they inspire is wide-ranging, imaginative and provocative. The study focuses mainly on two aspects of scholarly research: the emergence of a professional identity among Anglo-Saxonist scholars and their choice of either a metaphoric or metonymic approach to the material. A final chapter charts the concomitant changes within Old English feminist studies. The study summarises the approaches to points of ambiguity in the poems and provides a comprehensive bibliography of twentieth century scholarship on the two texts, which should make it not only a concise introduction to the field of Old English studies, but also a useful work of reference for anyone wishing to pursue further research on the poems.

  • 2128.
    Åström, Berit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Modern Languages.
    The Politics of Tradition: Examining the History of the Old English Poems The Wife's Lament and Wulf and Eadwacer2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Old English literary studies is a fascinating field of research which spans many various approaches including philology and linguistics as well as literary and cultural theories. The field is characterised by a certain conservatism, what in this thesis is referred to as tradition. This thesis examines the scholarship on The Wife's Lament and Wulf and Eadwacer, projecting its cumbersome affinities with tradition as a conservative force as well as the resistance against it. The investigation focuses mainly on two aspects of scholarly research: the emergence of a professional identity among Anglo-Saxonist scholars and their choice of either a metaphoric or metonymic approach to the material. A final chapter studies the concomitant changes within Old English feminist studies. The thesis also summarises the approaches to points of ambiguity in the poems, and provides a comprehensive bibliography of scholarship on the two texts.

  • 2129.
    Åström, Berit
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Gregersdotter, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Horeck, Tanya
    Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, UK.
    Introduction2013In: Rape in Stieg Larsson's Millennium and Beyond: Contemporary Scandinavian and Anglophone Crime Fiction / [ed] Berit Åström, Katarina Gregersdotter, Tanya Horeck, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, p. 1-18Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2130.
    Åström, Berit
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Gregersdotter, KatarinaUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.Horeck, TanyaAnglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, UK.
    Rape in Stieg Larsson's Millennium Trilogy and Beyond: Contemporary Scandinavian and Anglophone Crime Fiction2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With its powerful images of rape and revenge, Stieg Larsson's bestselling Millennium trilogy has made a major impact on the contemporary crime novel. This collection explores the role that rape plays in contemporary crime fiction, examining the sexually violent images at the heart of the Millennium trilogy in its many guises – from novels, to Swedish film adaptations, to Hollywood blockbuster. At the centre of discussion is Larsson's female heroine, Lisbeth Salander, one of popular culture's most unforgettable characters. The collection evaluates her status as a twenty-first century heroine, arguing that what makes Salander so interesting and culturally relevant, is her blend of vulnerability and violence.

    Putting Larsson's work into dialogue with a range of contemporary Scandinavian and Anglophone crime novelists, including Jo Nesbø, Håkan Nesser, Mo Hayder and Val McDermid, these essays offer cross-cultural insights into how notions of sexual violence, victims and vengeance are constructed. Opening up a range of vital new questions, the book interrogates the very terms by which we understand and encounter violent images in popular fiction and film.

  • 2131.
    Öberg, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Språket är allt!: En kvalitativ studie om lärares samt specialpedagogers stödinsatser för elever i åk 4-6 med läs- och skrivsvårigheter.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to find out what measures and methods teachers and special educators use to strengthen students with reading and writing difficulties in everyday teaching. The survey highlights how teachers and special educators look at reading and writing skills and, in the theoretical background, what earlier researchers say. The study is based on qualitative analysis of interviews. The survey consists of two teachers and three special education teachers active in three different schools.

        The result shows a great convergence of the concept of reading and writing difficulties among both teachers and special education teachers. The study also shows that both teachers and special educators agree that they are experiencing deficiencies in students' ability to read and write and this affects whatever topic the student is taught in. The respondents in the study claim that the causes of the difficulties were due to biological, social and educational factors.  Views on what constitute favorable methods are similar among both teachers and special education teachers, and generally it has been found that all respondents strive to adapt the daily teaching for all pupils' needs and abilities. In order to strengthen student's reading and writing they receive intensive training in reading periods, customized texts, adjusted text amount and compensatory aids in everyday teaching. Another important factor that emerged from the study was the time factor. It is an important prerequisite to take action and think long term for the students with reading and writing disabilities.

  • 2132.
    Ögren, Kenneth
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Portrayals of lobotomy in American and Swedish media2013In: Literature, neurology and neuroscience: neurological and psychiatric disorders / [ed] Stanley Finger, François Boller and Anne Stiles, Amsterdam: Elsevier , 2013, p. 201-217Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Psychosurgery has a long history dating back to the 1880s when Gottlieb Burckhardt performed focal cerebral cortical excisions on the brains of six patients diagnosed with schizophrenia. His operations were vividly contested by the medical community of the time. In 1936, when Walter J. Freeman and James W. Watts performed their initial prefrontal lobotomies in the United States, they were met with some professional opposition from superintendents, who would not provide them with patients for the operation. However, Freeman and Watts managed to cope well with the opponents. In newspapers and magazines, the curiosity for lobotomy was obvious. Freeman was instrumental in the way he promoted lobotomy, and he evoked the interest of the press and the journalists for this new surgical treatment on mental illness, something that he regarded as a medico-historical breakthrough. In this chapter, the portrayal of lobotomy in American and Swedish newspapers and magazines is explored and analyzed. How did journalists write about lobotomy for the public in the years spanning 1936 to 1959, a period in which the American and Swedish presses appeared inclined to describe the positive effects of lobotomy, while neglecting the negative and fatal consequences of the operation. There are not only similarities but also interesting differences between the Swedish and the American articles depicting lobotomy. The media can be a powerful factor in the construction of “facts,” which can significantly affect decisions made by people about their health issues. 

  • 2133.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Arbetarlitteraturen och gestaltningsproblemet: exemplet Karl Östman2011In: Från Nexø till Alakoski: aspekter på nordisk arbetarlitteratur / [ed] Bibi Johnson, Magnus Nilsson, Birthe Sjöberg, Jimmy Vulovic, Lund: Litteraturvetenskap, Språk och litteraturcentrum, Lunds universitet , 2011, p. 35-45Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2134.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Att pröva bilderna-Vadan och varthän?2008In: Våra favoriter bland Viktor Rydbergs dikter / [ed] Birthe Sjöberg, Lund: Språk och litteraturcentrum, Lunds universitet , 2008, p. 6-Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2135.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    "Att sjunga opp landet": Norrland och gestaltningsproblemet2010In: Regionernas bilder: estetiska uttryck från och om periferin / [ed] Heidi Hansson, Maria Lindgren Leavenworth, Lennart Pettersson, Umeå: Institutionen för språkstudier , 2010, 1, p. 29-38Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2136.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Berättelserna och populärkulturen2008In: Ungdomskulturer - äger eller suger?: möjliga möten inom svenskämnet / [ed] Madeleine Ellvin och Lena Holmbom, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2008, p. 93-106Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2137.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Comparative Literature and Scandinavian Languages.
    Bilden och rummet: Reflexioner över Bachtins kronotop-begrepp2006In: Dialogens tenker: Nordiske perspektiver på Bakhtin, Spartacus forlag, Oslo , 2006, p. 359-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2138.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Comparative Literature and Scandinavian Languages.
    De förskingrade: Norrland, moderniteten och Gustav Hedenvind-Eriksson2004Book (Other academic)
  • 2139.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Den historiska romanen och äventyret2016In: Veritas. Viktor Rydberg-sällskapets tidskrift, ISSN 0284-6462, no 31, p. 39-52Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2140.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Det "egentliga" Norrland: att se och att se tillbaka2017In: Brännpunkt Norrland: perspektiv på en region i förändring / [ed] Anders Öhman & Bo Nilsson, Umeå: Bokförlaget h:ström - Text & Kultur, 2017, p. 119-139Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2141.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Digital och traditionell läsning: hypertexter, modernism, inlevelse2017In: Digital humaniora: humaniora i en digital tid / [ed] Per-Olof Erixon & Julia Pennlert, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2017, 1, p. 189-206Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2142.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Doxa eller debatt: recension av Hanne-Lore Anderssons avhandling Doxa eller debatt2009In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, no 1, p. 96-99Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 2143.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Felski och den postkritiska läsningen: reflektion2017In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, no 1, p. 15-16Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2144.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Comparative Literature and Scandinavian Languages.
    Hjoggböle2006In: Provins, ISSN 0280-9974, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2145.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    "Instängdhet, skvaller och idyll": Lars Widding och Umeå2013In: Umeå 1314-2014: 100 berättelser om 700 år / [ed] Lars-Gunnar Olsson & Susanne Haugen; Lars-Erik Edlund & Lars-Göran Tedebrand, Umeå; Skellefteå: Artos & Norma, 2013, p. 192-196Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2146.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Jaget, rättegången och det kärleksfulla seendet2008In: Tänd eld!: essäer om Agnes von Krusenstjernas författarskap / [ed] Jenny Björklund & Anna Williams, Stockholm: Norstedts Förlag, 2008, 1, p. 189-219Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2147.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Jantelagen och äventyret i Kurt Salomonsons författarskap2017In: Du ska inte tro att du är något: om Jantelagens aktualitet / [ed] Anders Johansson och Maria Jönsson, Umeå: Bokförlaget h:ström - Text & Kultur, 2017, p. 87-104Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2148.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Kurt Salomonson: Äventyret och arbetarlitteraturen2016In: "inte kan jag berätta allas historia?": föreställningar om nordisk arbetarlitteratu / [ed] Beata Agrell, Åsa Arping, Magnus Gustafson, Christer Ekholm, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet , 2016, p. 99-112Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article refects upon the role of adventure, both as a compositional feature and as an ideology, in the Swedish author Kurt Salomonson’s novels. Salomonson is usually labelled a working-class author, and this often tends to implicate a realistic style of writing. The article, however, argues that some of his novels use the genre of the adventure novel in order to launch his theme of taking risks, so as to change one’s social position and to investigate contemporary society. According to Mikhail Bakhtin, the hero of the adventure novel is not biographically determined. His or her actions are not governed by their biography or social position. The adventurer as a character and the genre of the adventure novel are used to look into the different social layers of society, as well as into the world of the workers. This perspective opens up for a more nuanced conception of working-class literature.

  • 2149.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Litteraturdidaktik, fiktioner och intriger2015 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 2150.
    Öhman, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Comparative Literature and Scandinavian Languages. CSVOV, Centre for the Study of science and Values.
    Norrland and the question of cultural identity2007In: Centring on the peripheries: studies in Scandinavian, Scottish, Gaelic and Greenlandic literature / [ed] Bjarne Thorup Thomsen, Norwich: Norvik Press, 2007, p. 59-67Chapter in book (Other academic)
4041424344 2101 - 2150 of 2175
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