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  • 251. Jordal, Malin
    et al.
    Essen, Birgitta
    Wijewardena, Kumudu
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Olsson, Pia
    Migrant Women Negotiating Gender Relations and Sexual and Reproductive Health Risks in Free Trade Zones, Sri Lanka2012In: International Journal of Qualitative Methods, ISSN 1609-4069, E-ISSN 1609-4069, Vol. 11, no 5, p. 861-862Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 252. Jordal, Malin
    et al.
    Essén, Birgitta
    Wijewardena, Kumudu
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Olsson, Pia
    Negotiating Respectability: Migrant Women Workers' Perceptions on Relationships and Sexuality in Free Trade Zones in Sri Lanka2014In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 35, no 6, p. 658-676Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Migration has implication for women's sexual and reproductive health and rights. Our purpose with this study was to explore unmarried migrant women's perception on relationships and sexuality in the context of Sri Lankan Free Trade Zones. Sixteen semi-structured qualitative interviews were analysed using thematic analysis. We found that the women's perceptions were influenced by gendered hegemonic notions of respectability and virginity. Complex gender relations both worked in favour of, and against, women's sexual and reproductive health and rights. Programs for improvement of migrant women's health should be informed by contextualised analysis of gender relations with its various dimensions and levels.

  • 253. Jordal, Malin
    et al.
    Wijewardena, Kumudu
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Essén, Birgitta
    Olsson, Pia
    'Disrespectful men, disrespectable women': men's perceptions on heterosexual relationships and premarital sex in a Sri Lankan Free Trade Zone - a qualitative interview study2015In: BMC International Health and Human Rights, ISSN 1472-698X, E-ISSN 1472-698X, Vol. 15, article id 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Gender norms have been challenged by unmarried rural women's migration for employment to urban Sri Lankan Free Trade Zones (FTZ). Men are described as looking for sexual experiences among the women workers, who are then accused of engaging in premarital sex, something seen as taboo in this context. Increased sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) risks for women workers are reported. To improve SRHR it is important to understand the existing gender ideals that shape these behaviours. This qualitative study explores men's perspectives on gender relations in an urban Sri Lankan FTZ, with a focus on heterosexual relationships and premarital sex. Further, possible implications for SRHR of women workers in FTZs are discussed. Methods: Eighteen qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with men living or working in an urban Sri Lankan FTZ and were analysed using thematic analysis. Results: Two conflicting constructions of masculinity; the 'disrespectful womaniser' and the 'respectful partner', were discerned. The 'disrespectful womaniser' was perceived to be predominant and was considered immoral while the 'respectful partner' was considered to be less prevalent, but was seen as morally upright. The migrant women workers' moral values upon arrival to the FTZ were perceived to deteriorate with time spent in the FTZ. Heterosexual relationships and premarital sex were seen as common, however, ideals of female respectability and secrecy around premarital sex were perceived to jeopardize contraceptive use and thus counteract SRHR. Conclusion: The 'disrespectful' masculinity revealed in the FTZ is reflective of the patriarchal Sri Lankan society that enables men's entitlement and sexual domination over women. Deterioration of men's economic power and increase of women's economic and social independence may also be important aspects contributing to men's antagonistic attitudes towards women. The promotion of negative attitudes towards women is normalized through masculine peer pressure. This and ambivalence towards women's premarital sex are undermining the SRHR and well-being of women, but also men, in the FTZ. Awareness and counteraction of destructive gender power relations are essential for the improvement of the SRHR of women and men in the FTZ and the surrounding society.

  • 254.
    Jönsson, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Byrackan vs knähunden: Tankespill från arbetet med ett feministiskt författarskap2007In: Genus och det akademiska skrivandets former / [ed] Annelie Bränström Öhman & Mona Livholts, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2007, p. 19-35Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 255.
    Jönsson, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    "Det släpar efter i mig": Osamtidigt åldrande i Kerstin Thorvalls författarskap2010In: Livslinjer: Berättelser om ålder, genus och sexualitet / [ed] Fanny Ambjörnsson och Maria Jönsson, Stockholm: Makadam Förlag, 2010, p. 25-47Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 256.
    Jönsson, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Tantförvandlingen: om kroppens längtan, skam och exoticering i Kerstin Thorvalls reseromaner2009In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, no 4, p. 5-26Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 257.
    Jönsson, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    The never-ending pause?: Representations of menopause in the writings of Kerstin Thorvall, Simone de Beauvoir and Doris Lessing2009In: Normality/Normativity, Uppsala: Centrum för genusvetenskap , 2009, 1, p. 89-105Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 258.
    Jönsson, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Trevligt!: Tankar om norrländsk litteratur2005In: Provins. Norrländsk litterär tidskrift, ISSN 0280-9974, Vol. 24, no 2-3, p. 26-30Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 259.
    Jönsson, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Carbin, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Svensson, Ingeborg
    Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi, etnologiska avdelningen, Uppsala universitet.
    Vi kan inte, vi vill inte, vi törs inte2011In: Glänta, ISSN 1104-5205, no 3-4, p. 25-30Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 260.
    Kalman, Hildur
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Andreopponent Hildur Kalman2010In: Edda. Nordisk tidsskrift for litteraturforskning, ISSN 0013-0818, E-ISSN 1500-1989, Vol. 110, no 2, p. 183-187Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 261.
    Kalman, Hildur
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Challenges to Trust in Research Collaboration2013In: The Emotional Politics of Research Collaboration / [ed] Gabriele Griffin, Annelie Bränström-Öhman & Hildur Kalman, New York: Routledge, 2013, p. 67-79Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 262.
    Kalman, Hildur
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Faking orgasms and the idea of successful sexuality2013In: Janus Head, ISSN 1524-2269, E-ISSN 1521-9194, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 97-118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Nordic countries, at a time when women have only recently won the right to their own bodies and to a sexuality of  their own and for themselves, women nevertheless fake orgasms. Moreover, a common question posed to the Swedish Association for Sexuality Education (RFSU) deals with lack of desire. Not only are women faking and complaining of lack of desire, but men as well. It seems that contemporary ideals surrounding sexuality converge with quests for not only pleasure and love, but also for fitting in and experiencing what is conceived of as normal and “successful” sexuality. This essay examines the contemporary and prevalent phenomenon of faked orgasms from the perspectives of feminist theory and phenomenology.

  • 263.
    Kalman, Hildur
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Indispensable and Productive Tensions in Research Collaboration2013In: The Emotional Politics of Research Collaboration / [ed] Gabriele Griffin, Annelie Bränström-Öhman & Hildur Kalman, New York: Routledge, 2013, p. 40-52Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 264.
    Kalman, Hildur
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Känslor av sorg och förlust: jagen mellan autonomi och beroende2011In: Att känna sig fram: Känslor i humanistisk genusforskning / [ed] Bränström Öhman, Annelie, Jönsson, Maria, Svensson, Ingeborg, Umeå: h:ström Text & Kultur , 2011, p. 21-44Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 265.
    Kalman, Hildur
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Njutning eller fejk: en filosofisk betraktelse2008In: Fejkad orgasm, Stockholm: Ordfront förlag , 2008, p. 39-62Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 266.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Ahnlund, Petra
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Dufåker, Mona
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    På träningsläger inför C-uppsatsen2010In: Undervisning på tvären: Student- och lärarerfarenheter. / [ed] Erik Lindenius, Umeå: Universitetspedagogiskt centrum, Umeå universitet , 2010, p. 29-46Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 267.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Framing of Intimate Care in Home Care Services2014In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 402-414Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Provision of intimate care is a challenge for the care worker, as well as for the recipient of care, in terms both of how this care is to be performed and of how to manage feelings such as anxiety and embarrassment. In home care services, most intimate care work is performed by non-professionals who have received little or no formal or in-house training, and who are at risk of being left to devise their own methods or coping strategies. This article reports on a participant observation study of intimate care in home care services in Sweden. The strategies used to handle intimacy in care work displayed similarities, as well as dissimilarities, to those of professional framing identified in earlier studies of medical and nursing practice. There are similarities in terms of how framing was accomplished in a balance between a distanced matter-of-fact stance and one of personal acknowledgement created in interplay between care workers and care recipient. There are dissimilarities in terms of the challenges presented by the home care setting. As the relationship between care worker and care recipient in intimate care is a particularly precarious one, lack of guidance and formal training may hamper care and lead to neglect.

  • 268.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Andersson, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    ”Kan man göra så i ditt ämne?”: Reflektioner kring lärande i tvärvetenskapliga sammanhang2010In: Undervisning på tvären: Student- och lärarerfarenheter / [ed] Erik Lindenius, Umeå: Universitetspedagogiskt centrum Umeå universitet , 2010, p. 47-58Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 269.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Andersson, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Reflections on learning in interdisciplinary settings2010In: International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, ISSN 1812-9129, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 204-208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present article, we reflect on some didactic challenges and possibilities that emerge when teaching in interdisciplinary settings. We argue that teaching in interdisciplinary studies rests on movements between different understandings, and that it gives ample opportunities for beneficial learning processes. This does not only apply to interdisciplinary studies. The metaphor of taking a journey can be used to illustrate thelearning process and the dimension of personal change associated with moving between different understandings and discourses of knowledge. Some of the questions we raise in this article are: In what ways can differing disciplinary backgrounds be of help or create a hindrance? What are the specificdidactic challenges one faces? What happens to one’s understanding of one’s own subject afterhaving been confronted with something new and different?

  • 270.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Vad ligger i begreppet forskningsperson?2012In: Etiska dilemman: Forskningsdeltagande, samtycke och utsatthet / [ed] Hildur Kalman & Veronica Lövgren, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2012, p. 39-54Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 271.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundgren, Britta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
    Challenges to Interdisciplinarity: Development of Arena Work in Gender Research Collaborations2012In: International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, ISSN 2220-8488, E-ISSN 2221-0989, Vol. 2, no 13, p. 58-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article discusses the challenges of working with hybrid teams within the overarching programme ChallengingGender, with its interdisciplinary theme groups and its arena for joint reflection and theoretical development. Theintellectual exchange over concepts with heterogeneous meanings across hybrid themes may lead to manydebates and controversies over allegedly joint concepts and be experienced as time-consuming exercises that givemeagre results. The article analyses the interaction within hybrid themes and between themes on the arena. Theanticipated dynamics in the process of arena work required both flexibility and adaptability, and the work wasdeveloped in several stages. Two important steps were the outlining of core statements and core questions at theheart of each theme, and letting themes actively challenge the research questions of other themes. The articlestresses the importance of exposure to methodological and theoretical pluralism to create scientific developmentand intellectual excitement.

  • 272.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Lövgren, Veronica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Etik i forskning och etiska dilemman: En introduktion2012In: Etiska dilemman: Forskningsdeltagande, samtycke och utsatthet / [ed] Hildur Kalman & Veronica Lövgren, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2012, p. 7-20Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 273.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Lövgren, VeronicaUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Etiska dilemman: Forskningsdeltagande, samtycke och utsatthet2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 274.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Scheman, Naomi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Inflecting pain2010In: Making sense of pain, 1st Global conference, 17-19 February 2010, Sydney, Australia, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 275.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Scheman, Naomi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Inflecting pain2010In: Making sense of pain: Critical and interdisciplinary perspectives / [ed] Jane Fernandez, Oxfordshire, UK: Inter-Disciplinary Press , 2010, p. 101-107Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 276.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Scheman, Naomi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Inflecting pain: Expression, acknowledgement, and interpersonal space2012In: At the edge of being: The Aporia of pain / [ed] Heather McKenzie, John Quintner and Gillian Bendelow, Oxford, UK: Inter-Disciplinary Press, 2012, p. 37-46Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 277.
    Karlsson, Tomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Låtsaskrigen: föreställningar om krig, maskulinitet och historia i krigsspel under 200 år2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates how different wargames relate to notions of war, masculinity and history. It poses the question how the concept of authenticity is used in relation to wargames portrayal of war, masculinity and history. The outline of the thesis is chronological, spanning roughly from the 19th century to the present. It follows the development and use of wargames, predominately, but not exclusively in a Swedish setting.

    In the analysis a number of different sources are used, including wargaming rulebooks, computer wargames, wargaming magazines for hobbyists, research reports and works of military theory.

    In the military setting, wargames could be used to show how war functioned and to some degree what participating in war was like and how a future war would be fought. In that regard, the analysis show that one aspect of authenticity can be linked to the military utility of wargames as these were used as training tools and instructional devices within the military establishment. From a historical cultural viewpoint however, notions of authenticity in historical wargames can be linked to the construction and presentation of historical narratives and characters, predominantly masculine warrior heroes.

    The thesis shows that authenticity in wargames can be understood relating both to a military theoretical regime of knowledge as well as a form of history culture propagating notions of idealized masculinity. As wars are oftentimes portrayed as progressive historical events populated by masculine stereotypical heroes, great commanders are viewed as agents of history, and individual soldiers as eye-witnesses and participators in great events in history. In recreational wargames gamers are invited to play these roles. In military wargames, historical events and decisions made by historical characters can be discussed and analyzed. As such wargames in both the military and recreational setting are part and parcel of an idealized masculine military-themed history culture.

    To a notable degree, changes in media-technology influenced the notion and presentation of authenticity in wargames and the portrayal of war, masculinity and history in wargames varied as the way wars were being fought changed. Changes in media technology used to portray war also influenced the way these themes were presented in wargames. However, in both the military and recreational setting, notions of the masculine warrior hero in the shape of the great commander or in the shape of the technologically proficient, brave and reliable individual soldier was a recurring theme for 200 years.

  • 278.
    Kautto, Ethel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Is it the gluten-free diet that matters the most?: Food, gender and celiac disease2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The only treatment for celiac disease consists of excluding gluten. Gluten is a protein complex found in wheat, rye, and barley, which are cereals commonly used in bread, pasta, pizza, etc. The overall aims of this thesis were to study; what happens with food choices and nutrient intakes when individuals are prescribed a gluten-free diet and what consequences this has on the everyday lives of young women and young men dealing with this disease.

    Methods: A food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was used to study nutrient intake and how food choices were affected after a change to a gluten-free diet. The FFQ was sent to 12-13 years-old adolescents who took part in a large Swedish celiac screening study. The following three groups were studied: previously diagnosed with celiac disease, screening-diagnosed and non-celiac controls. The first FFQ was sent out before the screening-diagnosed adolescents had been told they had celiac disease, and the second was sent 12-18 months after they had been prescribed the gluten-free treatment. Semi-structured interviews were performed five years later in order to study how everyday life was affected by celiac disease in seven young women and seven young men. The interviews were analyzed by content analysis.

    Results: The previously diagnosed celiac disease group reported a nutrient intake in line with the non-celiac control group. Most of the participants reported nutrient intakes above the estimated average requirements. A diagnosis of celiac disease altered the intake of some foods, and this was shown by comparing the results from the baseline FFQ before the diagnosis and the follow-up FFQ after. The young women and young men reported similar experiences of the gluten-free food, but the perceived consequences of living with celiac disease differed between genders.

    Conclusion: This thesis shows that after a diagnosis of celiac disease food changes are necessary in order to be compliant with the gluten-free diet. One common effect is that food options will be reduced. However, as long the food intake is gluten-free, varied, and in sufficient quantity there is no reason to worry more about the nutritional intake of adolescents diagnosed with celiac disease than there is for their non-celiac peers. The findings in this thesis also show that society’s gender order has a great impact on how young women and young men experience their everyday lives, with celiac disease, and with the gluten-free diet.

  • 279.
    Kautto, Ethel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Norström, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Högberg, L
    Division of Pediatrics, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health Science, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden and Department of Pediatrics in Norrköping, County Council of Östergötland, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Carlsson, A
    Department of Pediatrics, SUS University Hospital, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Hörnell, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Nutrient intake in adolescent girls and boys diagnosed with coeliac disease at an early age is mostly comparable to their non-coeliac contemporaries2014In: Journal of human nutrition and dietetics (Print), ISSN 0952-3871, E-ISSN 1365-277X, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 41-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Food habits, nutrient needs and intakes differ between males and females, although few nutritional studies on patients with coeliac disease (CD) have reported results stratified by gender.

    OBJECTIVES: To compare energy and nutrient intakes among 13-year olds diagnosed with CD in early childhood with those of a non-coeliac (NC) age- and gender-matched control group, and also with estimated average requirements (EAR).

    METHODS: A case-control study was conducted in Sweden 2006-2007 within the coeliac screening study ETICS (Exploring The Iceberg of Coeliacs in Sweden). Dietary intake was assessed among 37 adolescents (23 girls) diagnosed with CD at median age 1.7 years (CD group) and 805 (430 girls) NC controls (NC group) using a food-frequency questionnaire covering 4 weeks. Reported energy intake was validated by comparison with the calculated physical activity level (PAL).

    RESULTS: Regardless of CD status, most adolescents reported an intake above EAR for most nutrients. However, both groups had a low intake of vitamin C, with 13% in the CD-group and 25% in the NC-group below EAR, and 21% of boys in the CD-group below EAR for thiamine. The intake of fatty acids was unbalanced, with a high intake of saturated and a low intake of unsaturated fats. Girls and boys in the CD-group had an overall lower nutrient density in reported food intake compared to girls and boys in the NC-group.

    CONCLUSIONS: Nutrient intake of adolescent girls and boys with CD was mostly comparable to intakes of NC controls. Dietitians should take the opportunity to reinforce a generally healthy diet when providing information about the gluten-free diet.

  • 280.
    Kautto, Ethel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Olsson, Cecilia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Hörnell, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Alex, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    An on-going gendered endeavour in silence: young women struggling with celiac diseaseManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Women with celiac disease are in the literature described as feeling exposed to negative emotions and experiences related to the treatment of celiac disease - the gluten-free diet. In order to explore the daily experiences of being diagnosed to celiac disease we interviewed seven Swedish young women diagnosed to celiac disease by screening in early adolescence. The semi structured interviews were analysed inductively by using content analysis. The analysis showed that the young women continued to strive with their treatment and their relations toward others, even years after diagnosis. The young women found themselves in an environment where their strict adherence to the dietary treatment was an obstacle and could prevent the feeling of connectedness. We argue that the emphasized/normative femininity that these young women relate to complicates their daily life diagnosed with celiac disease.

  • 281.
    Kautto, Ethel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Olsson, Cecilia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Hörnell, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Aléx, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Living with celiac disease seen from a male perspectiveManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Men diagnosed with celiac disease are in earlier scientific studies known to be less troubled by their experiences of living with disease than women with celiac disease. Previous studies, concentrating on men with celiac disease have been mostly quantitative, and the studies has dealt with physiology and pathology. The aim of this study was to give voice to young men with screening-detected celiac disease and to highlight the situations that they encounter in their daily lives five years after the screening. Seven Swedish young men were interviewed. They had been diagnosed with celiac disease as 12-13 years-olds through a large Swedish school based celiac screening-study. The semi-structured interviews were analyzed from a gender perspective using content analysis. The findings resulted in a main theme, conquering the disease and becoming a man, which was underpinned by several themes and sub-themes. The analysis showed that the young men’s experiences of living with celiac disease in their daily life, largely depended on their use of characteristics known to be in accordance with dominating masculinity; such as being self-assured, demanding, and behaving authoritative. In food situations, when the young men had the ability to make use of such characteristics in their informal group, they experienced much less negative aspects of the disease. If the young men did not have a position in their informal group where they could develop those features, their situation was expressed as being tough, they were bullied and withdrew from social meals. It seemed important for the young men to dissociate themselves from being seen as a person who had a life-long chronic disease.

  • 282.
    Kautto, Ethel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Olsson, Cecilia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Lyon, Phil
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Hörnell, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Alex, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Living with celiac disease: norms of femininity and the complications of everyday life2017In: International Journal of Celiac Disease, ISSN 2334-3427, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 115-124Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Women with celiac disease are often described as being exposed to negative emotions and experiences related to the treatment of celiac disease, the gluten-free diet. To explore the daily consequences of diagnosis and their daily experiences of living with celiac disease, interviews were conducted with seven Swedish young women who had been diagnosed with celiac disease by screening in early adolescence. The semi-structured interview transcripts were content analysed using a gender perspective. The analysis showed that these young women`s daily experiences were coloured by the conjunction of their dietary treatment, their social relationships, and social norms. This means that recurrent food situations often clash with the normative constructions of femininity and social norms of eating with an adverse effect on dietary compliance.

  • 283.
    Kautto, Ethel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Olsson, Cecilia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Lyon, Phil
    School of Arts, Social Sciences and Management, Queen Margaret University, UK.
    Hörnell, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Alex, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Seeking a new normality: masculinity, interaction and a gluten free diet2016In: International Journal of Celiac Disease, ISSN 2334-3486, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 138-145Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From earlier studies, men diagnosed with celiac disease are known to be less troubled by their experiences of living with the disease than are diagnosed women. Previous studies, concentrating on men with celiac disease have been mostly quantitative, and have a bio-medical emphasis. The aim of this study was to explore the social experience of young men with screening-detected celiac disease and to highlight daily life situations five years after diagnosis. Seven young men, diagnosed with celiac disease when they were 13 years-olds through a large Swedish school-based celiac screening-study, were interviewed. The semi-structured interviews were analyzed from a gender perspective which resulted in three themes; being subjected to changes, striving for normality and emphasizing commitment. These were underpinned by several sub-themes. The young men dissociated themselves from being seen as a person with a life-long chronic disease. The analysis also showed that the young men’s daily experiences of living with celiac disease largely depended on their use of characteristics known to be associated with masculinity: such as being self-assured, demanding, and behaving authoritatively. In food situations, where the young men had the ability to make use of such characteristics in their informal group, they experienced fewer negative aspects of the disease. If the young men did not hold a strong position in their informal group, their situation was insecure and vulnerable and this could lead to avoidance of contacts and social meal situations.

  • 284.
    Kautto, Ethel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Rydén, Petra
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Olsson, Cecilia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Norström, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Högberg, Lotta
    Carlsson, Annelie
    Hagfors, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Hörnell, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    What happens to food choices when a gluten-free diet is required?: A prospective longitudinal population-based study among Swedish adolescent with coeliac disease and their peers2014In: Journal of Nutritional Science, ISSN 2048-6790, E-ISSN 2048-6790, Vol. 3, no e2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A dietary survey was performed during a large screening study in Sweden among 13-year-old adolescents. The aim was to study how the intake of food groups was affected by a screening-detected diagnosis of celiac disease (CD) and its gluten-free (GF) treatment. Food intake, was reported using a food frequency questionnaires (FFQ) and intake reported by the adolescents who was screened to CD was compared with the intake of two same-aged referent groups: i) adolescents diagnosed to CD prior screening and ii) adolescents without CD.. The food intake groups were measured at baseline before the screening-detected cases were aware of their CD, and 12-18 months later.

    The result showed that the food intakes are affected by a screen detected CD and its dietary treatment. Many flour-based foods were reduced such as pizza, fish fingers, and pastries. The result also indicated that the bread intake was lower before the screened diagnosis compared to the other studied groups, but increased afterwards. Specially manufactured GF-products (e.g. pasta and bread) were frequently used in the screened CDgroup after changing to a GF-diet. Our results suggest that changing to a GF-diet reduces the intake of some popular foods, and the ingredients on the plate are altered, but this do not necessarily include a change of food groups. The availability of manufactured GF-replacement products makes it possible for adolescents to keep many of their old food habits when diagnosed with CD in Sweden.

  • 285.
    Keisu, Britt-Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Sammanvävda praktiker?: En studie av likabehandlingsarbete och vetenskapligt förhållningssätt i grundskolan2018In: Att leda skolor med stöd i forskning: exempel, analyser och utmaningar / [ed] Niclas Rönnström & Olof Johansson, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2018, 1, p. 417-447Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 286.
    Keisu, Britt-Inger
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Division of Human Work Science, Luleå University of Technology.
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Entrepreneurship and Gender Equality in Academia: a Complex Combination in Practice2015In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 69-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes as its starting point two current trends in academia – the promotion of academic entrepreneurship and innovation and the promotion of gender equality – and discusses how different gender equality perspectives are interwoven, or not, into academia’s transformation processes towards entrepreneurial universities. On the basis of an analysis of 26 interviews conducted with personnel at two Swedish universities, the article investigates how concepts of academic entrepreneurship and innovation on the one hand and gender equality on the other hand are constructed and filled with meaning as well as how they are entangled and what effects are produced by this way of thinking and acting. Our analysis reveals tensions between the two policy goals, together with tensions within each goal. An overall conclusion is that articulations and ways of speaking about the policy goal of academic entrepreneurship and innovation were to some extent interwoven with the policy goal of gender equality, especially in the broader perspectives on academic entrepreneurship. However, the articulations of strategies and practice of the two policy goals essentially ran parallel, and were not entangled with one another. This is because strategies or substantial initiatives for merging gender equality into the agenda of academic entrepreneurship and innovation were lacking.

  • 287.
    Keisu, Britt-Inger
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Carbin, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Administrators or Critical Cynics?: A Study of Gender Equality Workers in Swedish Higher Education2014In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 204-218Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender equality workers have to perform a balancing act between feminist ideals for change and neo-liberal management trends. So-called audit discourses have gradually been introduced into Swedish universities, in line with an enterprise model. In this new context, the aim of our article is to investigate how gender equality workers at universities articulate gender equality and possibilities for change. What are their visions and strategies for achieving gender equality? This article is based on interviews with gender equality workers at three Swedish universities and explores how the legitimate gender equality worker is constructed. We found that there is a lack of visionary thinking among gender equality workers, which manifests itself in a sense that the distinction between visions and strategies has collapsed and technologies like auditing have become the vision. It seems that, whilst navigating between liberal feminist discourses and an increasingly neo-liberal setting, two positions are available for gender equality workers. The first is the "administrator", who asks for more tools and monitoring of gender equality, in order for the work to become more efficient and legitimate. The second position, the "critical cynic", makes scepticism and resistance to the increasing bureaucratization of gender equality work possible, but lacks alternative visions and strategies. Gender equality initiatives have thus become increasingly embedded in auditing technologies, and the possibilities for articulating alternatives or visionary ideals, beyond liberal values of anti-discrimination, seem limited.

  • 288.
    Keisu, Britt-Inger
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Enberg, Birgit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Employee effort: reward balance and first-level manager transformational leadership within elderly care2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 407-416Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Negative aspects, staff dissatisfaction and problems related to internal organisational factors of working in elderly care are well-known and documented. Much less is known about positive aspects of working in elderly care, and therefore, this study focuses on such positive factors in Swedish elderly care. We combined two theoretical models, the effort–reward imbalance model and the Transformational Leadership Style model. The aim was to estimate the potential associations between employee-perceived transformational leadership style of their managers, and employees' ratings of effort and reward within elderly care work.

    Methods: The article is based on questionnaires distributed at on-site visits to registered nurses, occupational therapists, physiotherapists (high-level education) and assistant nurses (low-level education) in nine Swedish elderly care facilities. In order to grasp the positive factors of work in elderly care, we focused on balance at work, rather than imbalance.

    Results: We found a significant association between employees' effort–reward balance at work and a transformational leadership style among managers. An association was also found between employees' level of education and their assessments of the first-level managers.

    Conclusions: We conclude that the first-level manager is an important actor for achieving a good workplace within elderly care, since she/he influences employees' psychosocial working environment. We also conclude that there are differences and inequalities, in terms of well-being, effort and reward at the work place, between those with academic training and those without, in that the former group to a higher degree evaluated their first-level manager to perform a transformational leadership style, which in turn is beneficial for their psychosocial work environment. Consequently, this (re)-produce inequalities in terms of well-being, effort and reward among the employees at the work place.

  • 289.
    Keisu, Britt-Inger
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Enberg, Birgit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    What is a good workplace?: Tracing the logics of NPM among managers and professionals in Swedish elderly care2016In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 6, p. 27-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Neoliberal policies such as new public management (NPM) have been pivotal to the Swedish elderly care system for two decades. This article explores the discourses of NPM and work by focusing on how a good workplace is represented by professionals and managers in Swedish elderly care. Using qualitative interviews with 31 managers, nurses, physiotherapists, and occupational therapists at nine workplaces, we identified four competing meanings (“storylines”) of how a good workplace is constructed among the interviewees within an ongoing struggle between two discourses. Three storylines, i.e., striving to achieve the mission, a desire to work in elderly care, and striving for good working relationships, are linked to the neoliberal discourse of organizational effectiveness. In contrast, the fourth storyline, support and better working conditions, is related to a welfare-state discourse of traditional labor relations with strong historical roots. Four subject positions available to the managers and professionals were identified: the bureaucrat, the passionate, the professional, and the critic. We conclude that NPM is translated on top of existing discourses, such as those of traditional labor relations, care ideals, and practices, that are already established in elderly care workplaces and that counteract the new policy.

  • 290.
    Keiu, Lan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Whiteness and the promise of mixed-race love2016In: Gränser, mobilitet och mobilisering: Boundaries, mobility and mobilisation : Nationell konferens för genusforskning = Swedish conference for gender research / [ed] Silje Lundgren, Maja Lundqvist, Björn Pernrud, Göteborg: Nationella sekretariatet för genusforskning , 2016, p. 121-Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 291.
    Keophouthong, Bounyasone
    et al.
    Faculty of Education, National University of Laos .
    Dahlström, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Keosada, Ngouay
    Faculty of Education, National University of Laos .
    Silfver, Ann-Louise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Reclaiming Action Research from Practice to Policy – the case of Lao PDR2014In: Action Researcher in Education, ISSN 1792-6041, E-ISSN 1792-6041, no 5, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Action research offers promising ways of changing educational practice, policy and philosophy at its core. Despite this, action research is too often used as a technical rationality used for evaluating small scale classroom practices. In this article, we discuss a new model for thinking about and doing action research which we argue addresses the full potential of action research for educational change. The model is developed based on experiences from teacher education in the Lao PDR with inspiration from teacher education reform in post-apartheid Namibia. We propose to use action research as the starting point from which to combine cross-cultural dialogue with a critical pedagogy of place as a means to productively tie together global educational discussions and debates with local knowledge and needs. By doing this we find aways to challenge current global and local power relations and promote teachers to be critical inquirers in charge of producing knowledge for local, national and global purposes.

  • 292.
    Kirst, Alexander
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Flyktingkatastrofen i massmedia: En diskursanalys av medias rapportering kring flyktingkatastrofen 2015/20162016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under åren 2015 till 2016 inträffade en stor flyktingkatastrof där miljontalsmänniskor flydde för sina liv runt om i världen. En del av dessa människor ansökte under dessa år om asyl i Sverige, närmare bestämt 162 877 år 2015. Denna stora ökning av asylsökande i Sverige och övriga Europa fick stor uppmärksamhet i media och det rapporterades dagligen om flyktingkatastrofen. Mitt syfte med den här studien är därför att undersöka de centrala diskurserna i medias framställning av flyktingkatastrofen från dess början 2015 till 2016 då den nya asyllagen trädde i kraft. Samt undersöka om och i så fall hur diskurserna förändrats över denna tidsperiod. För att besvara mitt syfte har jag genomfört en diskursanalys av totalt nio tidningsartiklar från tre olika dagstidningar och från olika delar av denna tidsperiod. Resultaten visar att de centrala diskurserna handlade om dels flyktingkatastrofen i sig som händelse och dels effekterna av flyktingkatastrofen, det vill säga det stora antalet asylsökande inom framförallt EU samt hur dessa skulle hanteras. Vidare visade också resultaten att det skett en förändring inom medias rapportering om flyktingkatastrofen. Denna förändring gestaltades genom en strängare migrationspolitik som kom att spela en central del i medias rapportering om flyktingkatastrofen.

  • 293.
    Kristoffersson, Emelie
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Andersson, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Hamberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
    Experiences of the gender climate in clinical training: a focus group study among Swedish medical students2016In: BMC Medical Education, ISSN 1472-6920, E-ISSN 1472-6920, Vol. 16, article id 283Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research shows that medical education is characterized by unequal conditions for women and men, but there is a lack of qualitative studies investigating the social processes that enable and maintain gender inequalities that include both male and female students. In this focus group study, we therefore explored male aswell as female medical students’ experiences of the gender climate – i.e., how beliefs, values, and norms about gender were communicated – during clinical training and how the students dealt with these experiences.

    Methods: Focus group interviews were conducted with 24 medical students (nine men) at Umeå University, Sweden. The interviews were structured around personal experiences in clinical training where the participants perceived that gender had mattered. Data were analysed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results: The students described gender-stereotyped expectations, discriminatory treatment, compliments, comments, and demeaning jargon. Female students gave more personal and varied examples than the men.The students’ ways of handling their experiences were marked by efforts to fit in, for example, by adapting their appearance and partaking in the prevailing jargon. They felt dependent on supervisors and staff, and due to fear of repercussions they kept silent and avoided unpleasant situations and people rather than challenging humiliating jargon or supervisors who were behaving badly.

    Conclusions: Everyday communication of gender beliefs combined with students’ adaptation to stereotyped expectations and discrimination came across as fundamental features through which unequal conditions for male and female students are reproduced and maintained in the clinic. Because they are in a dependent position, it is often difficult for students to challenge problematic gender attitudes. The main responsibility for improvements, therefore, lies with medical school leadership who need to provide students and supervisors with knowledge about gendered processes, discrimination, and sexism and to organize reflection groups about the gender climate in order to improve students’ opportunities to discuss their experiences, and hopefully find ways to protest and actively demand change.

  • 294.
    Kvist, Elin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    A booming market of precarious work: selling domestic services in women-friendly Sweden2013In: Tracing the women-friendly welfare state: gendered politics of everyday life in Sweden / [ed] Åsa Gunnarsson, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2013, p. 214-233Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 295.
    Kvist, Elin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Changing social organizations of care: a comparison of European policy reforms encouraging paid domestic work2012In: European Journal of Ageing, ISSN 1613-9372, E-ISSN 1613-9380, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 111-117Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In many European countries different types of policy reforms intending to encourage growth in the domestic service sector have been introduced. The methods and reforms differ but mainly the reforms intend to stimulate growth of a ‘new’ legal labour market sector within private households. This potential growth sector in combination with insufficient or declining welfare states, inclining female labour market participation and ageing populations could be viewed as explanatory factors to the increased demand for domestic services. A growing amount of those performing paid domestic work in European homes are migrant women with or without papers. The aim of this article is to create a model that enables comparisons of these reforms, with a special focus on changing social organizations of care for elders, children and other dependent persons. Included in the analysis are Euro- pean countries that have introduced wide domestic service policy reforms as measurement to encourage growth in the domestic service sector, i.e. Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany and Sweden. 

  • 296.
    Kvist, Elin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Inte bara rena hem: om att driva företag och organisera arbete inom den privata hushållstjänstebranschen2013In: Rena hem på smutsiga villkor?: Hushållstjänster, migration och globalisering / [ed] Anna Gavanas och Catharina Calleman, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2013, p. 27-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 297.
    Kvist, Elin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Overud, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    From Emancipation through Employment to Emancipation through Entrepreneurship: An Analysis of the Special Labor Market Initiatives (BRYT) and Tax Deduction for Domestic Services (RUT) in Sweden2015In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 41-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Debates on gender equality policy in Sweden assume that women’s labor market participation is central to gender equality and should be promoted via special initiatives and programs. This paper examines how gender equality discourses have changed over time, analyzing Swedish state labor market policy in the 1980s and 1990s, special labor market initiatives to eliminate gender segregation and encourage nontraditional gendered work choices, and contemporary state subsidies for paid domestic work (i.e., tax deduction for domestic services). Critically interpreting these reforms reveals consistencies and continuities in how labor market participation is viewed as the key promoter of gender equality, revealing transformations in how gender equality is understood and constructed. A transition is discernible from state-funded programs and reforms to governmental agencies/authorities and state subsidies to promote enterprise and the growth of specific labor market sectors.

  • 298.
    Kvist, Elin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Peterson, Elin
    Departamento de Ciencia Poliacutetica y Administracioacuten II, Fac. CC Poliacuteticas y Sociologiacutea, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    What Has Gender Equality Got to Do with It?: An Analysis of Policy Debates Surrounding Domestic Services in the Welfare States of Spain and Sweden2010In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 185-203Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As more and more political institutions stress the significance of gender equalitypolicies, it becomes important to investigate the different interpretations and meanings attached tothe concept of gender equality in diverse policy contexts. In this article we are interested inproblematizing visions of gender equality by studying the challenges that the growing amount ofpaid domestic work performed within European households poses for gender equality policies andpractices in two European countries. The aim is to reveal normative assumptions and silences inrelation to gender equality by comparing how “paid domestic work” has been framed in policydebates in Sweden and Spain. As welfare states, Sweden and Spain are generally considered to bevery different, and in policies on care for children and the elderly the differences are perhaps mostapparent. In both countries, however, paid domestic work in the home has become more and morecommon in the last two decades. The rise of paid domestic services in European households hasbeen interpreted as due to the limitations or decline of welfare states, the ageing populations, andthe increasing numbers of dual-earner families. These services are most often provided by women,predominantly of immigrant background, and involve a wide range of tasks, including care work.The phenomenon of an increasing sector of domestic (care) work poses a theoretical andmethodological challenge to gender and welfare studies. This article argues that the analysis ofdebates surrounding domestic service in private households is a useful starting-point for anintersectional analysis by means of revealing the normative assumptions and marginalizationembedded in gender equality policies. It uses a comparative frame analysis in combination withintersectional analysis to assess how interactions between gender, class, race, and sexuality havebeen articulated in the policy debates on domestic services in Spain and Sweden.

  • 299.
    Kärnebro, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Plugga stenhårt eller vara rolig?: Normer om språk, kön och skolarbete i identitetsskapande språkpraktiker på fordonsprogrammet2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between language, identity construction and learning in the context of the Vehicle programme, a vocational program in Swedish upper secondary schools. The study focuses on language practices and the norms of language, gender and school work that are negotiated in conversations between pupils and between pupils and teachers. The language practices are considered as talk-in-interaction, and identity construction and learning are understood as processes in socially situated activities. The Vehicle programme has its basis in mechanics with links to the vehicle and transport trades, and can be identified as a male-coded program in several respects. The pupils participating in this study were both boys and girls attending a school situated in the North of Sweden. The study was conducted through an ethnographic approach, employing plural methods including observation, field notes, audio-recordings of conversations, and interviews with pupils in focus groups and individually. Recorded conversations were analysed using tools from conversation analysis. The analysis is based on Judith Butler’s theory of gender as performance, Raewyn Connell’s theory of hegemonic masculinity, and Penelope Eckert’s theory of the heterosexual market. A socio-cultural theory of learning describing communities of practice, by Lave and Wenger, which has also been applied to linguistics by Eckert and McConnell-Ginet, forms the basis of the theoretical framework.

    The analyses of conversations show that the language practices were confrontational, direct and humorous; characteristics that have strong connections to notions of a masculine conversational style. The pupils were not as aware of interactional patterns as they were of the words they used. Thereby the norms in the community of practice, which were based on notions of masculinity and heterosexuality, were not noticed, and worked as undercurrents in the interaction. The girls participated in the language practices in the same ways as the boys, but contrary to the boys, the girls interpreted the language practices as effects of other things than gender, for example as signs of being independent or daring. They also experienced that adjusting to the expectations of normative middle-class femininity was more oppressive than adjusting to the norms that were negotiated within the community of practice. The conversation analyses also show some of the complexity in teachers’ work and their role as mediators of norms and values. Peer reactions to individual pupil turns in the classroom conversations were of more importance for the development of the conversations than teacher responses. Thus there was usually a homogenization of the expressed perspectives. Norms of heterosexuality were constantly reconstructed in interaction within the community of practice and they controlled the pupils’ understanding of what was perceived as normal or deviant behaviour. Thereby the pupils constrained each other’s school performances in the core subjects and reconstructed a difference between being theoretical and practical, a process that was partly supported by the school as an institution. Generally, the pupils in the community of practice had to balance their identity constructions in relation to the peer group, teacher expectations, and their own ambitions, for which reason learning turned out to be more than just a process of acquiring knowledge.

  • 300.
    Kärnebro, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    The emergence of men's studies in educational research: experiences from the Swedish case2013In: Social science in context: historical, sociological, and global perspectives / [ed] Rickard Danell, Anna Larsson & Per Wisselgren, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2013, p. 145-161Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Chapter 9, Katarina Kärnebro contextualizes and analyses the historical emergence of men's studies as a new academic field in Sweden from the 1980s onwards, with a focus on its relation to other orientations within gender studies and to educational studies. She discusses the impact of the Anglo-Saxon domination of gender studies on Swedish educational research, and reflects on present and possible future developments of the field.

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