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  • 251.
    Hüber, Katrin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    One year of #Metoo: A critical discourse analysis of the framing of Metoo in two Swedish newspapers2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Historically, newspapers have played an important role in how feminism is portrayed. Media framing has the power to construct the representation of feministic movements, reproducing or challenging power structures in society. The metoo movement indicates profound structural problems in Sweden. This essay analyses how metoo was portrayed in two Swedish newspapers from the beginning of the movement and one year later, examining how the discourse has changed. The conclusions show a difference between the liberal and social democratic view and the discourse has shifted from women breaking the silence to focusing on the grey zones related to sexual harassment.

  • 252.
    Hübinette, Tobias
    et al.
    Mångkulturellt centrum.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Den svenska vithetens melankoli2011In: Glänta, ISSN 1402-4608, no 2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 253.
    Jacobsson, Emma
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    What women cannot not want?: - a critical discourse analysis of Swedish gender equality policy in development cooperation2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gender equality is an important attribute in Sweden, much connected to the country’s selfimage. This thesis analyzes Swedish state policy strategies for Sweden’s works with gender equality abroad, in development cooperation. From a feminist postcolonial perspective, the thesis conducts a critical discourse analysis of the policy framework regulating Swedish development cooperation in relation to gender equality. The result show that women and men are constructed as discursively different in the policy framework. Further, the issue of gender inequality, as portrayed within the policy framework, constructs women as particular vulnerable and subordinated to men. A discursive construction which paradoxically reinforces the traditional, stereotypical gender norms which the policy framework aims to abolish. In line with this paradox the result also show that men are not recognized as responsible for gender inequalities nor are they lifted as agents of change in gender equality work. A result that suggests that women are both the ones in need of and the ones responsible for creating a gender equal future in developing nations according to the discourse of Swedish development cooperation policy. 

  • 254.
    Jat, Tej Ram
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Deo, Prakash R.
    Goicolea, Isabel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Hurtig, Anna-Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Sebastian, Miguel San
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Socio-cultural and service delivery dimensions of maternal mortality in rural central India: a qualitative exploration using a human rights lens2015In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 8, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Despite the avoidable nature of maternal mortality, unacceptably high numbers of maternal deaths occur in developing countries. Considering its preventability, maternal mortality is being increasingly recognised as a human rights issue. Integration of a human rights perspective in maternal health programmes could contribute positively in eliminating avertable maternal deaths. This study was conducted to explore socio-cultural and service delivery-related dimensions of maternal deaths in rural central India using a human rights lens. Design: Social autopsies were conducted for 22 maternal deaths during 2011 in Khargone district in central India. The data were analysed using thematic analysis. The factors associated with maternal deaths were classified by using the 'three delays' framework and were examined by using a human rights lens. Results: All 22 women tried to access medical assistance, but various factors delayed their access to appropriate care. The underestimation of the severity of complications by family members, gender inequity, and perceptions of low-quality delivery services delayed decisions to seek care. Transportation problems and care seeking at multiple facilities delayed reaching appropriate health facilities. Negligence by health staff and unavailability of blood and emergency obstetric care services delayed receiving adequate care after reaching a health facility. Conclusions: The study highlighted various socio-cultural and service delivery - related factors which are violating women's human rights and resulting in maternal deaths in rural central India. This study highlights that, despite the health system's conscious effort to improve maternal health, normative elements of a human rights approach to maternal health (i. e. availability, accessibility, acceptability, and quality of maternal health services) were not upheld. The data and analysis suggest that the deceased women and their relatives were unable to claim their entitlements and that the duty bearers were not successful in meeting their obligations. Based on the findings of our study, we conclude that to prevent maternal deaths, further concentrated efforts are required for better community education, women's empowerment, and health systems strengthening to provide appropriate and timely services, including emergency obstetric care, with good quality.

  • 255.
    Jat, Tej Ram
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Deo, Prakash Ramchandra
    Goicolea, Isabel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Hurtig, Anna-Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Sebastian, Miguel San
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    The emergence of maternal health as a political priority in Madhya Pradesh, India: a qualitative study2013In: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, ISSN 1471-2393, E-ISSN 1471-2393, Vol. 13, p. 181-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Politics plays a critical role in agenda setting in health affairs; therefore, understanding the priorities of the political agenda in health is very important. The political priority for safe motherhood has been investigated at the national level in different countries. The objective of this study was to explore why and how maternal health became a political priority at sub-national level in the state of Madhya Pradesh in India.

    Methods: This study followed a qualitative design. Data were collected by carrying out interviews and review of documents. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with twenty respondents from four stakeholder groups: government officials, development partners, civil society and academics. Data analysis was performed using thematic analysis. The analysis was guided by Kingdon's multiple streams model.

    Results: The emergence of maternal health as a political priority in Madhya Pradesh was the result of convergence in the developments in different streams: the development of problem definition, policy generation and political change. The factors which influenced this process were: emerging evidence of the high magnitude of maternal mortality, civil society's positioning of maternal mortality as a human rights violation, increasing media coverage, supportive policy environment and launch of the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), the availability of effective policy solutions, India's aspiration of global leadership, international influence, maternal mortality becoming a hot debate topic and political transition at the national and state levels. Most of these factors first became important at national level which then cascaded to the state level. Currently, there is a supportive policy environment in the state for maternal health backed by greater political will and increased resources. However, malnutrition and population stabilization are the competing priorities which may push maternal health off the agenda.

    Conclusions: The influence of the events and factors evolving from international and national levels significantly contributed to the development of maternal health as a priority in Madhya Pradesh. This led to several opportunities in terms of policies, guidelines and programmes for improving maternal health. These efforts were successful to some extent in improving maternal health in the state but several implementation challenges still require special attention.

  • 256.
    Joffer, Junia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Center for Clinical Research Dalarna-Uppsala University.
    Jerdén, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Center for Clinical Research Dalarna-Uppsala University; School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Dalarna University.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Flacking, Renée
    School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Dalarna University.
    Exploring self-rated health among adolescents: a think-aloud study2016In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 16, article id 156Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Despite extensive use of self-rated health questions in youth studies, little is known about what such questions capture among adolescents. Hence, the aim of this study was to explore how adolescents interpret and reason when answering a question about self-rated health.

    METHODS: A qualitative study using think-aloud interviews explored the question, "How do you feel most of the time?", using five response options ("Very good", "Rather good", "Neither good, nor bad", "Rather bad", and "Very bad"). The study involved 58 adolescents (29 boys and 29 girls) in lower secondary school (7th grade) and upper secondary school (12th grade) in Sweden.

    RESULTS: Respondents' interpretations of the question about how they felt included social, mental, and physical aspects. Gender differences were found primarily in that girls emphasized stressors, while age differences were reflected mainly in the older respondents' inclusion of a wider variety of influences on their assessments. The five response options all demonstrated differences in self-rated health, and the respondents' understanding of the middle option, "Neither good, nor bad", varied widely. In the answering of potential sensitive survey questions, rationales for providing honest or biased answers were described.

    CONCLUSIONS: The use of a self-rated health question including the word 'feel' captured a holistic view of health among adolescents. Differences amongst response options should be acknowledged when analyzing self-rated health questions. If anonymity is not feasible when answering questions on self-rated health, a high level of privacy is recommended to increase the likelihood of reliability.

  • 257.
    Joffer, Junia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Randell, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Flacking, René
    Bergström, E
    Jerdén, Lars
    Subjective social status and health in adolescence: a mixed methods studyArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 258.
    Johanna, Overud
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    En statlig appell i kristid: kommentar till broschyren "Kvinnor, landet kallar Er!"2012In: Könspolitiska nyckeltexter: 2, från befolkningskris till talibantal 1930-2002 / [ed] Klara Arnberg, Fia Sundevall, David Tjeder, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2012, p. 64-68Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 259.
    Johanna, Overud
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    I beredskap med Fru Lojal: husmodern i nationens tjänst 1939-19452002In: Familjeangelägenheter: modern historisk forskning om välfärdsstat, genus och politik. / [ed] Helena Bergman & Peter Johansson, Eslöv: Symposion Brutus Östlings bokförlag, 2002, Vol. S. [85]-101Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 260.
    Johanna, Overud
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    I beredskap med Fru Lojal: husmodern i nationens tjänst 1939-19452000In: Arbetarhistoria, Vol. 2000(24):3/4(=95/96), s. 18-25 : ill.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 261.
    Johanna, Overud
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    [Recension av: Edgren, Monika: Hem tar plats]2010In: Scandia (Lund), Vol. 2010(76):1, s. 184-185Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 262.
    Johanna, Overud
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    [Recension av: Edgren, Monika: Hem tar plats]2010In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 76, no 1, p. 184-185Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 263.
    Johanna, Overud
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Talking to Mrs. Housewife: the 1960s debates on the integration of married women into the Swedish labour market2014In: Methods, interventions and reflections: report from the X Nordic women's and gender history conference in Bergen, August 9-12, 2012 / [ed] Ulla Manns & Fia Sundevall, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2014, p. 149-156Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 264.
    Johanna, Overud
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Danielsson, Erna
    Frivillighet, skyldighet eller frivillig skyldighet?: om genus och handlingsutrymme i civilsamhället2008In: Arbete, hälsa och kön. / [ed] Mikael Nordenmark & Saman Rashid, Mittuniversitetet: Forum för genusvetenskap , 2008, Vol. S. 25-36Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 265.
    Johanna, Overud
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Sätre, Ann-Mari
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Från reserv till reserv: genusaspekter på den regionala arbetsmarknadspolitiken2008 (ed. 1. uppl.)Book (Refereed)
  • 266.
    Johanna, Overud
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Sätre, Ann-Mari
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Från reserv till reserv: Genusaspekter på den regionala arbetsmarknadspolitiken2008Book (Refereed)
  • 267.
    Johansson, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Rider, Sharon
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Kritikens läge: En intervju av Leila Brännström2011In: Fronesis, ISSN 1404-2614, no 36-37, p. 20-37Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 268.
    Jonsson Sandström, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Nordiskt Forum 2014: ett försök att förstå2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats är ett försök att utforska och förstå varför Nordiskt Forum 2014 – en stor feministiskkonferens i Malmö sommaren 2014 som syftade till att ena den nordiska feministiska rörelsen –väckte en konflikt i mig och i andra feminister. I mitt arbete för att förstå använder jag tvåangeppssätt: ett empiriskt förankrat och ett mer teoretiskt. Det empiriska angreppssättet inbegriperen kartläggning av forumet och forumets initativtagare och huvudarrangör Sveriges Kvinnolobbysbakgrund och historia, och en tematisk analys av texter producerade kring forumet. I det teoretiskaangreppssättet använder jag mig av de feministiska forskarna Robyn Wiegman, Claire Hemmingsoch Ulrika Dahl för att få en förståelse för konflikter mellan feminister och feminismer.Resultatet av mitt arbete visar på två sätt man kan förstå konflikten kring Nordiskt Forum –antingen som ett resultat av att forumet och kritikerna hade olika feministiska utgångspunkter ellersom en konsekvens av den feministiska historieskrivningens teleologiska inriktning och de känslorav sorg och oro den orsakar.

  • 269. Jordal, Malin
    et al.
    Essen, Birgitta
    Wijewardena, Kumudu
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Olsson, Pia
    Migrant Women Negotiating Gender Relations and Sexual and Reproductive Health Risks in Free Trade Zones, Sri Lanka2012In: International Journal of Qualitative Methods, ISSN 1609-4069, E-ISSN 1609-4069, Vol. 11, no 5, p. 861-862Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 270. Jordal, Malin
    et al.
    Essén, Birgitta
    Wijewardena, Kumudu
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Olsson, Pia
    Negotiating Respectability: Migrant Women Workers' Perceptions on Relationships and Sexuality in Free Trade Zones in Sri Lanka2014In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 35, no 6, p. 658-676Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Migration has implication for women's sexual and reproductive health and rights. Our purpose with this study was to explore unmarried migrant women's perception on relationships and sexuality in the context of Sri Lankan Free Trade Zones. Sixteen semi-structured qualitative interviews were analysed using thematic analysis. We found that the women's perceptions were influenced by gendered hegemonic notions of respectability and virginity. Complex gender relations both worked in favour of, and against, women's sexual and reproductive health and rights. Programs for improvement of migrant women's health should be informed by contextualised analysis of gender relations with its various dimensions and levels.

  • 271. Jordal, Malin
    et al.
    Wijewardena, Kumudu
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Essén, Birgitta
    Olsson, Pia
    'Disrespectful men, disrespectable women': men's perceptions on heterosexual relationships and premarital sex in a Sri Lankan Free Trade Zone - a qualitative interview study2015In: BMC International Health and Human Rights, ISSN 1472-698X, E-ISSN 1472-698X, Vol. 15, article id 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Gender norms have been challenged by unmarried rural women's migration for employment to urban Sri Lankan Free Trade Zones (FTZ). Men are described as looking for sexual experiences among the women workers, who are then accused of engaging in premarital sex, something seen as taboo in this context. Increased sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) risks for women workers are reported. To improve SRHR it is important to understand the existing gender ideals that shape these behaviours. This qualitative study explores men's perspectives on gender relations in an urban Sri Lankan FTZ, with a focus on heterosexual relationships and premarital sex. Further, possible implications for SRHR of women workers in FTZs are discussed. Methods: Eighteen qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with men living or working in an urban Sri Lankan FTZ and were analysed using thematic analysis. Results: Two conflicting constructions of masculinity; the 'disrespectful womaniser' and the 'respectful partner', were discerned. The 'disrespectful womaniser' was perceived to be predominant and was considered immoral while the 'respectful partner' was considered to be less prevalent, but was seen as morally upright. The migrant women workers' moral values upon arrival to the FTZ were perceived to deteriorate with time spent in the FTZ. Heterosexual relationships and premarital sex were seen as common, however, ideals of female respectability and secrecy around premarital sex were perceived to jeopardize contraceptive use and thus counteract SRHR. Conclusion: The 'disrespectful' masculinity revealed in the FTZ is reflective of the patriarchal Sri Lankan society that enables men's entitlement and sexual domination over women. Deterioration of men's economic power and increase of women's economic and social independence may also be important aspects contributing to men's antagonistic attitudes towards women. The promotion of negative attitudes towards women is normalized through masculine peer pressure. This and ambivalence towards women's premarital sex are undermining the SRHR and well-being of women, but also men, in the FTZ. Awareness and counteraction of destructive gender power relations are essential for the improvement of the SRHR of women and men in the FTZ and the surrounding society.

  • 272. Jordal, Malin
    et al.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Wijewardene, Kumudu
    Respectability and rights. Sexual and reproductive health and rights of Sri Lankan women formerly involved in prostitution2019In: Contemporary South Asia, ISSN 0958-4935, E-ISSN 1469-364XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Women in prostitution are often disrespected and subject to health risks. The aim of this study is to explore how women formerly engaged in prostitution in Sri Lanka position themselves in relation to gendered norms of respectability, and to discuss the possible implications for their sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with fifteen women formerly engaged in prostitution. Discourse analysis was used to identify and describe interpretative repertoires and four repertoires were identified: Victimhood, Resistance, Responsibility, and Independence. The first three were drawn upon to construct their identities in line with norms of female respectability, as the women emphasised being victims of unfortunate situations, resisting sexual disrespectability and taking responsibility for their children and others. The last repertoire deviated from the respectability norm as it conveyed a picture of the women as independent, strong and courageous subjects, characteristics more in line with male respectability in Sri Lanka. Despite marginalised and oppressive circumstances, the women drew on interpretative repertoires to enhance access to respect, dignity and resources. However, their vulnerability to violence, SRHR risks and virtual absence of rights leave them with little access to resources that could enable a healthier and better life.

  • 273.
    Josefsson, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Ett land att förälska sig i: Diskurser om kön, nation och sexualitet i Försvarsmaktens reklamer2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2018, the compulsory military service will be reinstated in Sweden and will, for the first time, be comprised of both men and women. The Swedish Armed Forces are looking to raise their diversity and wants to reflect the population of the Swedish society and are therefore working actively with their marketing to reach groups that have previously been excluded. The purpose of this thesis is to examine what type of image of Sweden the Swedish Armed Forces are (re)producing through their marketing and how it is used to try and interpellate new, poten-tial recruits. This will be done by examining four advertisement campaigns as well as comments retrieved from the Swedish Armed Forces social media accounts. The analysis will be conducted through a semiotic image analysis and a discourse analysis inspired by Laclau and Mouffe. The essay takes its theoretic starting point in a feminist critique against militarism and highlights the issues of using women and/or LGBTQ-people in the armed forces as symbolic figures of modernity and democracy. The study’s result shows that inclusion becomes a way for the armed forces to improve their own image and elude scrutiny regarding their own problematic structures by positioning themselves as an agency of good. This means that, by the inclusion of marginalized groups, there is as risk of legitimizing the Swedish Armed Forces existence, while still maintaining the problems that these groups are subjected to.

  • 274.
    Jönsson, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Byrackan vs knähunden: Tankespill från arbetet med ett feministiskt författarskap2007In: Genus och det akademiska skrivandets former / [ed] Annelie Bränström Öhman & Mona Livholts, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2007, p. 19-35Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 275.
    Jönsson, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    "Det släpar efter i mig": Osamtidigt åldrande i Kerstin Thorvalls författarskap2010In: Livslinjer: Berättelser om ålder, genus och sexualitet / [ed] Fanny Ambjörnsson och Maria Jönsson, Stockholm: Makadam Förlag, 2010, p. 25-47Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 276.
    Jönsson, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Tantförvandlingen: om kroppens längtan, skam och exoticering i Kerstin Thorvalls reseromaner2009In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, no 4, p. 5-26Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 277.
    Jönsson, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    The never-ending pause?: Representations of menopause in the writings of Kerstin Thorvall, Simone de Beauvoir and Doris Lessing2009In: Normality/Normativity, Uppsala: Centrum för genusvetenskap , 2009, 1, p. 89-105Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 278.
    Jönsson, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Trevligt!: Tankar om norrländsk litteratur2005In: Provins. Norrländsk litterär tidskrift, ISSN 0280-9974, Vol. 24, no 2-3, p. 26-30Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 279.
    Jönsson, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Carbin, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Svensson, Ingeborg
    Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi, etnologiska avdelningen, Uppsala universitet.
    Vi kan inte, vi vill inte, vi törs inte2011In: Glänta, ISSN 1104-5205, no 3-4, p. 25-30Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 280.
    Kalman, Hildur
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Andreopponent Hildur Kalman2010In: Edda. Nordisk tidsskrift for litteraturforskning, ISSN 0013-0818, E-ISSN 1500-1989, Vol. 110, no 2, p. 183-187Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 281.
    Kalman, Hildur
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Challenges to Trust in Research Collaboration2013In: The Emotional Politics of Research Collaboration / [ed] Gabriele Griffin, Annelie Bränström-Öhman & Hildur Kalman, New York: Routledge, 2013, p. 67-79Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 282.
    Kalman, Hildur
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Faking orgasms and the idea of successful sexuality2013In: Janus Head, ISSN 1524-2269, E-ISSN 1521-9194, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 97-118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Nordic countries, at a time when women have only recently won the right to their own bodies and to a sexuality of  their own and for themselves, women nevertheless fake orgasms. Moreover, a common question posed to the Swedish Association for Sexuality Education (RFSU) deals with lack of desire. Not only are women faking and complaining of lack of desire, but men as well. It seems that contemporary ideals surrounding sexuality converge with quests for not only pleasure and love, but also for fitting in and experiencing what is conceived of as normal and “successful” sexuality. This essay examines the contemporary and prevalent phenomenon of faked orgasms from the perspectives of feminist theory and phenomenology.

  • 283.
    Kalman, Hildur
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Indispensable and Productive Tensions in Research Collaboration2013In: The Emotional Politics of Research Collaboration / [ed] Gabriele Griffin, Annelie Bränström-Öhman & Hildur Kalman, New York: Routledge, 2013, p. 40-52Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 284.
    Kalman, Hildur
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Känslor av sorg och förlust: jagen mellan autonomi och beroende2011In: Att känna sig fram: Känslor i humanistisk genusforskning / [ed] Bränström Öhman, Annelie, Jönsson, Maria, Svensson, Ingeborg, Umeå: h:ström Text & Kultur , 2011, p. 21-44Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 285.
    Kalman, Hildur
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Njutning eller fejk: en filosofisk betraktelse2008In: Fejkad orgasm, Stockholm: Ordfront förlag , 2008, p. 39-62Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 286.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Ahnlund, Petra
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Dufåker, Mona
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    På träningsläger inför C-uppsatsen2010In: Undervisning på tvären: Student- och lärarerfarenheter. / [ed] Erik Lindenius, Umeå: Universitetspedagogiskt centrum, Umeå universitet , 2010, p. 29-46Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 287.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Framing of Intimate Care in Home Care Services2014In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 402-414Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Provision of intimate care is a challenge for the care worker, as well as for the recipient of care, in terms both of how this care is to be performed and of how to manage feelings such as anxiety and embarrassment. In home care services, most intimate care work is performed by non-professionals who have received little or no formal or in-house training, and who are at risk of being left to devise their own methods or coping strategies. This article reports on a participant observation study of intimate care in home care services in Sweden. The strategies used to handle intimacy in care work displayed similarities, as well as dissimilarities, to those of professional framing identified in earlier studies of medical and nursing practice. There are similarities in terms of how framing was accomplished in a balance between a distanced matter-of-fact stance and one of personal acknowledgement created in interplay between care workers and care recipient. There are dissimilarities in terms of the challenges presented by the home care setting. As the relationship between care worker and care recipient in intimate care is a particularly precarious one, lack of guidance and formal training may hamper care and lead to neglect.

  • 288.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Andersson, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    ”Kan man göra så i ditt ämne?”: Reflektioner kring lärande i tvärvetenskapliga sammanhang2010In: Undervisning på tvären: Student- och lärarerfarenheter / [ed] Erik Lindenius, Umeå: Universitetspedagogiskt centrum Umeå universitet , 2010, p. 47-58Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 289.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Andersson, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Reflections on learning in interdisciplinary settings2010In: International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, ISSN 1812-9129, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 204-208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present article, we reflect on some didactic challenges and possibilities that emerge when teaching in interdisciplinary settings. We argue that teaching in interdisciplinary studies rests on movements between different understandings, and that it gives ample opportunities for beneficial learning processes. This does not only apply to interdisciplinary studies. The metaphor of taking a journey can be used to illustrate thelearning process and the dimension of personal change associated with moving between different understandings and discourses of knowledge. Some of the questions we raise in this article are: In what ways can differing disciplinary backgrounds be of help or create a hindrance? What are the specificdidactic challenges one faces? What happens to one’s understanding of one’s own subject afterhaving been confronted with something new and different?

  • 290.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Johansson, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Vad ligger i begreppet forskningsperson?2012In: Etiska dilemman: Forskningsdeltagande, samtycke och utsatthet / [ed] Hildur Kalman & Veronica Lövgren, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2012, p. 39-54Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 291.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundgren, Britta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
    Challenges to Interdisciplinarity: Development of Arena Work in Gender Research Collaborations2012In: International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, ISSN 2220-8488, E-ISSN 2221-0989, Vol. 2, no 13, p. 58-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article discusses the challenges of working with hybrid teams within the overarching programme ChallengingGender, with its interdisciplinary theme groups and its arena for joint reflection and theoretical development. Theintellectual exchange over concepts with heterogeneous meanings across hybrid themes may lead to manydebates and controversies over allegedly joint concepts and be experienced as time-consuming exercises that givemeagre results. The article analyses the interaction within hybrid themes and between themes on the arena. Theanticipated dynamics in the process of arena work required both flexibility and adaptability, and the work wasdeveloped in several stages. Two important steps were the outlining of core statements and core questions at theheart of each theme, and letting themes actively challenge the research questions of other themes. The articlestresses the importance of exposure to methodological and theoretical pluralism to create scientific developmentand intellectual excitement.

  • 292.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Lövgren, Veronica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Etik i forskning och etiska dilemman: En introduktion2012In: Etiska dilemman: Forskningsdeltagande, samtycke och utsatthet / [ed] Hildur Kalman & Veronica Lövgren, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2012, p. 7-20Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 293.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Lövgren, VeronicaUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Etiska dilemman: Forskningsdeltagande, samtycke och utsatthet2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 294.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Scheman, Naomi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Inflecting pain2010In: Making sense of pain, 1st Global conference, 17-19 February 2010, Sydney, Australia, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 295.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Scheman, Naomi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Inflecting pain2010In: Making sense of pain: Critical and interdisciplinary perspectives / [ed] Jane Fernandez, Oxfordshire, UK: Inter-Disciplinary Press , 2010, p. 101-107Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 296.
    Kalman, Hildur
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Scheman, Naomi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Inflecting pain: Expression, acknowledgement, and interpersonal space2012In: At the edge of being: The Aporia of pain / [ed] Heather McKenzie, John Quintner and Gillian Bendelow, Oxford, UK: Inter-Disciplinary Press, 2012, p. 37-46Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 297.
    Karlsson, Tomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Låtsaskrigen: föreställningar om krig, maskulinitet och historia i krigsspel under 200 år2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates how different wargames relate to notions of war, masculinity and history. It poses the question how the concept of authenticity is used in relation to wargames portrayal of war, masculinity and history. The outline of the thesis is chronological, spanning roughly from the 19th century to the present. It follows the development and use of wargames, predominately, but not exclusively in a Swedish setting.

    In the analysis a number of different sources are used, including wargaming rulebooks, computer wargames, wargaming magazines for hobbyists, research reports and works of military theory.

    In the military setting, wargames could be used to show how war functioned and to some degree what participating in war was like and how a future war would be fought. In that regard, the analysis show that one aspect of authenticity can be linked to the military utility of wargames as these were used as training tools and instructional devices within the military establishment. From a historical cultural viewpoint however, notions of authenticity in historical wargames can be linked to the construction and presentation of historical narratives and characters, predominantly masculine warrior heroes.

    The thesis shows that authenticity in wargames can be understood relating both to a military theoretical regime of knowledge as well as a form of history culture propagating notions of idealized masculinity. As wars are oftentimes portrayed as progressive historical events populated by masculine stereotypical heroes, great commanders are viewed as agents of history, and individual soldiers as eye-witnesses and participators in great events in history. In recreational wargames gamers are invited to play these roles. In military wargames, historical events and decisions made by historical characters can be discussed and analyzed. As such wargames in both the military and recreational setting are part and parcel of an idealized masculine military-themed history culture.

    To a notable degree, changes in media-technology influenced the notion and presentation of authenticity in wargames and the portrayal of war, masculinity and history in wargames varied as the way wars were being fought changed. Changes in media technology used to portray war also influenced the way these themes were presented in wargames. However, in both the military and recreational setting, notions of the masculine warrior hero in the shape of the great commander or in the shape of the technologically proficient, brave and reliable individual soldier was a recurring theme for 200 years.

  • 298.
    Kautto, Ethel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Is it the gluten-free diet that matters the most?: Food, gender and celiac disease2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The only treatment for celiac disease consists of excluding gluten. Gluten is a protein complex found in wheat, rye, and barley, which are cereals commonly used in bread, pasta, pizza, etc. The overall aims of this thesis were to study; what happens with food choices and nutrient intakes when individuals are prescribed a gluten-free diet and what consequences this has on the everyday lives of young women and young men dealing with this disease.

    Methods: A food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was used to study nutrient intake and how food choices were affected after a change to a gluten-free diet. The FFQ was sent to 12-13 years-old adolescents who took part in a large Swedish celiac screening study. The following three groups were studied: previously diagnosed with celiac disease, screening-diagnosed and non-celiac controls. The first FFQ was sent out before the screening-diagnosed adolescents had been told they had celiac disease, and the second was sent 12-18 months after they had been prescribed the gluten-free treatment. Semi-structured interviews were performed five years later in order to study how everyday life was affected by celiac disease in seven young women and seven young men. The interviews were analyzed by content analysis.

    Results: The previously diagnosed celiac disease group reported a nutrient intake in line with the non-celiac control group. Most of the participants reported nutrient intakes above the estimated average requirements. A diagnosis of celiac disease altered the intake of some foods, and this was shown by comparing the results from the baseline FFQ before the diagnosis and the follow-up FFQ after. The young women and young men reported similar experiences of the gluten-free food, but the perceived consequences of living with celiac disease differed between genders.

    Conclusion: This thesis shows that after a diagnosis of celiac disease food changes are necessary in order to be compliant with the gluten-free diet. One common effect is that food options will be reduced. However, as long the food intake is gluten-free, varied, and in sufficient quantity there is no reason to worry more about the nutritional intake of adolescents diagnosed with celiac disease than there is for their non-celiac peers. The findings in this thesis also show that society’s gender order has a great impact on how young women and young men experience their everyday lives, with celiac disease, and with the gluten-free diet.

  • 299.
    Kautto, Ethel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Norström, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Högberg, L
    Division of Pediatrics, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health Science, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden and Department of Pediatrics in Norrköping, County Council of Östergötland, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Carlsson, A
    Department of Pediatrics, SUS University Hospital, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Hörnell, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Nutrient intake in adolescent girls and boys diagnosed with coeliac disease at an early age is mostly comparable to their non-coeliac contemporaries2014In: Journal of human nutrition and dietetics (Print), ISSN 0952-3871, E-ISSN 1365-277X, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 41-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Food habits, nutrient needs and intakes differ between males and females, although few nutritional studies on patients with coeliac disease (CD) have reported results stratified by gender.

    OBJECTIVES: To compare energy and nutrient intakes among 13-year olds diagnosed with CD in early childhood with those of a non-coeliac (NC) age- and gender-matched control group, and also with estimated average requirements (EAR).

    METHODS: A case-control study was conducted in Sweden 2006-2007 within the coeliac screening study ETICS (Exploring The Iceberg of Coeliacs in Sweden). Dietary intake was assessed among 37 adolescents (23 girls) diagnosed with CD at median age 1.7 years (CD group) and 805 (430 girls) NC controls (NC group) using a food-frequency questionnaire covering 4 weeks. Reported energy intake was validated by comparison with the calculated physical activity level (PAL).

    RESULTS: Regardless of CD status, most adolescents reported an intake above EAR for most nutrients. However, both groups had a low intake of vitamin C, with 13% in the CD-group and 25% in the NC-group below EAR, and 21% of boys in the CD-group below EAR for thiamine. The intake of fatty acids was unbalanced, with a high intake of saturated and a low intake of unsaturated fats. Girls and boys in the CD-group had an overall lower nutrient density in reported food intake compared to girls and boys in the NC-group.

    CONCLUSIONS: Nutrient intake of adolescent girls and boys with CD was mostly comparable to intakes of NC controls. Dietitians should take the opportunity to reinforce a generally healthy diet when providing information about the gluten-free diet.

  • 300.
    Kautto, Ethel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Olsson, Cecilia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Hörnell, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Alex, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    An on-going gendered endeavour in silence: young women struggling with celiac diseaseManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Women with celiac disease are in the literature described as feeling exposed to negative emotions and experiences related to the treatment of celiac disease - the gluten-free diet. In order to explore the daily experiences of being diagnosed to celiac disease we interviewed seven Swedish young women diagnosed to celiac disease by screening in early adolescence. The semi structured interviews were analysed inductively by using content analysis. The analysis showed that the young women continued to strive with their treatment and their relations toward others, even years after diagnosis. The young women found themselves in an environment where their strict adherence to the dietary treatment was an obstacle and could prevent the feeling of connectedness. We argue that the emphasized/normative femininity that these young women relate to complicates their daily life diagnosed with celiac disease.

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